Country: Zambia

Pearl MUN 2003, GA

Student: Mohammad Al Zabin



Links to other sites on the Web:

Back to the 2002-2003 Team page
Back to the 2003 Pearl-MUN page
Back to the Briefing Book Library
Back to Teams
Back to Fruit Home




The Zambian National Anthem



Zambia

Original Bemba

Lumbanyeni Zambia, no kwanga,
Ne cilumba twange tuumfwane,
Mpalume sha bulwi twa cine,
Twaliilubula.
Twikatane bonse.

Bonse tuli bana ba Africa,
Uwasenaminwa na Lesa,
Nomba bonse twendele pamo,
Twaliilubula.
Twikatane bonse.

Fwe lukuta lwa Zambia lonse,
Twikatane tubyo mutende,
Pamo nga lubambe mu mulu,
Lumbanyeni Zambia.
Twikatane bonse.

CHORUS
(Sung After Third Verse Only)

Lumbanyeni,
Lesa, Lesa, wesu,
Apale calo,
Zambia, Zambia, Zambia.
Fwe bantungwa
Mu luunga lwa calo.
Lumbanyeni Zambia.
Twikatane bonse.


English Words:

Stand and sing of Zambia, proud and free,
Land of work and joy in unity,
Victors in the struggle for the right,
We have won freedom's fight.
All one, strong and free.

Africa is our own motherland,
Fashion'd with and blessed by God's good hand,
Let us all her people join as one,
Brothers under the sun.
All one, strong and free.

One land and one nation is our cry,
Dignity and peace 'neath Zambia's sky,
Like our noble eagle in its flight,
Zambia, praise to thee.
All one, strong and free.

CHORUS
(Sung After Third Verse Only)

Praise be to God.
Praise be, praise be, praise be,
Bless our great nation,
Zambia, Zambia, Zambia.
Free men we stand
Under the flag of our land.
Zambia, praise to thee!
All one, strong and free.




Zambia



 

Country Profile

 

Political Structure:-

The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the South Africa Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. Zambia's president is called Levy MWANAWASA Zambia’s constitution is based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in an ad hoc constitutional council; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction. Zambia’s stability is threatened by conflicts in neighboring Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

 

Geography:-

Zambia lays on Southern Africa, east of Angola. The water occupies 1,890 sq. km of Zambian territory; land occupies 740,724 sq. km; making a total of 752,614 sq. km. Zambia is completely land-locked. A tropical climate and a rainy season defines Zambia; however there is a hazard which is tropical storms which range from November to April.

 

Natural Resources:-

Zambia’s natural resources depend on copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, and hydropower. Zambia has no feeding problems. They export their gold and silver to make money for self-sufficiency. Zambia makes trade agreements mostly with Angola. Zambia’s export partners are UK (25.2%), South Africa (24.5%), Switzerland (9.4%), and Malawi (7.5%). As for the imports South Africa (67.1%), UK (9.8%), Zimbabwe (7.5%), US (5.9%). Zambia exports $876 million and imports $12.05 billion.

 

Cultural factors:-

As for Zambia’s religions the Christian Zambians are 50%-75% or Zambia’s population which is 9,959,037 people. Muslim and Hindu people are 24%-49%. As for people with no beliefs or multi-beliefs have only 1%. As for the ethnic groups African people are 98.7%, European 1.1%, others are 0.2%. People over 15 who can read English make-up 78.9%. 85.7% of those people are males and 72.6% are females.

 

Defense:-

Zambia’s military branches to the army, air Force, police, and paramilitary forces. Zambia’s army has 1,228,385 people. Zambia also expects Angola to protect it from any interventions. Zambia has no membership in any alliance. Zambia has to rely on its self for defense and security.

 

Economy:-

Despite progress in privatization and budgetary reform, Zambia's economy has a long way to go. Privatization of government-owned copper mines relieved the government from covering mammoth losses generated by the industry and greatly improved the chances for copper mining to return to profitability and spur economic growth. However, low mineral prices have slowed the benefits from privatizing the mines and reduced incentives for further private investment in the sector. In late 2000, Zambia was determined to be eligible for debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative, but Zambia has not yet finalized its Poverty Reduction Strategy paper. Unemployment rates remain high, but GDP growth should continue at about 4%. Inflation should remain close to 20%.

 

Views on World Problems:-

Zambia had no problems in the past but now they are curios about the SARS virus. Zambia is currently preparing for any sudden incidents. Zambia hardly influences problems in the world; even though every vote counts.

 

History:-

By the late 1970s, Mozambique and Angola had attained independence from Portugal. Zimbabwe achieved independence in accordance with the 1979 Lancaster House agreement, but Zambia's problems were not solved. Civil war in the former Portuguese colonies generated refugees and caused continuing transportation problems. The Benguela Railroad, which extended west through Angola, was essentially closed to traffic from Zambia by the late 1970s. Zambia's strong support for the ANC, which had its external headquarters in Lusaka, created security problems as South Africa raided ANC targets in Zambia. In the mid-1970s, the price of copper, Zambia's principal export, suffered a severe decline worldwide. Zambia turned to foreign and international lenders for relief, but as copper prices remained depressed, it became increasingly difficult to service its growing debt. By the mid-1990s, despite limited debt relief, Zambia's per capita foreign debt remained among the highest in the world

 

 

Policy Statements


A. Global Warming

Being so close to the North Pole, EU and island countries are greatly at risk of the increase of water levels that would rapidly sink those countries. Many island countries such as the Republic Of the Martial Islands believe that the UN should take a strong look at Global Warming. The whole world could sink if this is not treated.

As for being to the south pole, Africa, as we know it, could sink whole. Also, other countries that could probably sink are Australia, and most of South America. Green house fumes are the leading cause of rising water levels and global warming.

Car companies like Toyota and KIA are taking a base of action toward this and building more efficient cars that rely on batteries and solar-power as a source of power.

 

B. A Nuclear-free zone in the Middle East

An increase of political problems have been found in the middle east all of which concern nuclear weaponry in the area we believe that creating a nuclear free zone their would in decreasing problems in that region. Creating a nuclear-free zone in the middle east would bring the world one step closer into world peace. Libya and Iraq want nuclear weaponry, thus could cause mass destruction in world peace. Many countries like the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia want a nuclear-free zone in the middle east. If all countries in the middle east 'give-up' on wanting nuclear weapons the world could focus on one thing at a time, thus eliminating any threats that we could face.

 

C. Securing food and water resources to nations during times of war or famine

Food and water storage is of great importance in times of war and/or famine. There should be a secured amount of both food and water preserved for use in times of war and/or famine. If war happens, food and water should not be a major problem to face. As for times of famine, the country should store water and food. If, in case, the country runs out of food; the county should ask an allied country to help.

Zambia cares about this subject as it is of great importance. If war is declared, Zambia could ask allied countries like the Republic Of Congo, of help and support. As for times of famine, Zambia could be in chaos, as for the food and water is on a limited budget.

 

D. SARS

SARS has swept the world with chaos moving with it we understand that World Health Organization (WHO) is doing its best in trying to find a cure. If no cure is found soon thousands or even tens of thousands could die from this terrible disease. In Canada there were up to 18 cases of SARS deaths; in Asia more than 150 deaths were reported. If this goes on the world could be in grave danger from the SARS virus. If this is not stooped an estimate of over 3000 deaths could be reported by the year 2003.

Zambia cares a lot about this subject as for Zambia does not have that good of a health system to cure this problem. Any threat from the SARS virus in Zambia could mean terror to the Zambians, thus creating mass panics that could destroy Zambia as we know it.

 

E. Human rights in Cuba

People should have rights that they control at all times. People in Cuba do not have that. People in Cuba are suffering because they don't have rights. Zambia thanks the United Nations for caring on this subject, but strongly asks that they try harder into solving this terrible problem. People should not suffer from anything at any time, the country should be a democratic country which helps its people.

 

 

 

Resolution

Forum: General Assembly

Question Of: The Affects of Raising Water-levels due to global warming

Country: Zambia

Defining Global Warming as a problem created by greenhouse fumes and gases that slowly but surely affects and harms the ozone layer,

Congratulating The United Nations for their help and support on this issue,

Further Congratulating The World Health Organization for their hard labor into finding a cure for this problem,

Aware of The assistance with rising water levels by creating a plan to decrease the use of green house gasses,

Having considered and understood the causes and created plans to halt or decrease their uses,

Having studied periodical articles giving an understanding about the causes and "starting points" of Global Warming,

Viewing With Appreciation The United Nation’s forming of a plan, which helped to greatly decrease the level of global warming,

Desiring An increase of attention to such a disturbing subject which affects all countries and its citizens,

Taking Into Consideration that funding will be limited,

Noting With Regret that all the world could drown through global warming,

Further Recalling Island countries such as the Republic of Martial Islands to work their scientists and researchers into finding a prevetative on this problem,

Taking Note that each year water is rising slowly,

Seeking And support from other countries to research and help,

1. Requests Countries to create a plan to greatly decrease the use of greenhouse gasses and fumes;

2. Encourages the United Nations to help countries seriously affected by global warming;

3. Further Requests The decrease of use of Greenhouse gasses and fumes;

4. Takes Note of the increase of world problems but asking that the United Nations take a better look at this subject;

5. Urges The United Nations to help solve this issue by:
A. providing additional funds for researching on this topic,
B. forming a small group to consist of researchers, doctors working in mobile laboratories, and reliable specialists;

6. Reminds the United Nations that time is crucial and the issue should be taken seriously;

7. Express its hope and gratitude that the United Nations will try their best into trying to solve his problem.

 

 

 

Opening Speech


Ladies and gentlemen:

In a part of Africa lays Zambia. Zambia is a country which relies on its exports/imports for food. Even though Zambia is not of great importance in he world, every vote counts. Zambia is a quite large country; comparable to Texas, USA. Zambia relies on itself for defense. Zambia has good landscapes. Medicines and cures are well supported by the Zambian Ministry of Health.

Thank you