Country: Canada


Event: AMMUN 2003

Student: Mays Al-Saad and Khaled Shahroor




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The Canadian National Anthem



Oh Canada

O Canada, terre de nos aieux,
Ton front est ceint de fleurons glorieux.
Car ton bras sait porter l'épée,
Il sait porter la croix.
Ton histoire est une épopée
Des plus brillants exploits.
Et ta valeur, de foi trempée,
Protégera nos foyers et nos droits.
Protégera nos foyers et nos droits.

English:

O Canada!
Our home and native land!
True patriot love in all thy sons command.
With glowing hearts we see thee rise,
The True North strong and free!
From far and wide,

O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
God keep our land glorious and free!
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.



The Canadian Confederacy






COUNTRY PROFILE: CANADA





Political Structure (Mays Al Saad)

Each year, on 1 July, Canadians commemorate the date in 1867 when Canada became an independent nation. Canada is a confederation of provinces, and is a parliamentary democracy. While Canada's official chief of state is Queen Elizabeth II, of the United Kingdom, she has no power; the de facto chief of state is Governor General Adrienne Clarkson of the United Kingdom. The head of government is Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, who is really the most powerful person in Canada's elected government. The Cabinet is chosen by the Prime Minister from among the members of his own party sitting in Parliament. Laws are made in the Parliament, which is a bicameral institution. Members of the House of Lords are appointed by the Governor General, with the advice of the Prime Minister (the members will serve until they reach the age of 75). Members of the House of Commons, though, are elected every five years. The current constitution was ratified on 7 April, 1982 (this first constitution was put into force by the British North America Act of 1867). Canada's legal system is based on English common law. Canada has several judicial branches. The most important is the Supreme Court of Justice which judges in all civil, criminal, and constitutional cases. Canada also respects decisions of the International Court of Justice.

Canada is divided into 10 provinces and 3 territories, each with a separate legislature and administration. The government of each province is similar in structure and function to that of the national government. Also, each has its own governor which is chosen by the general governor and advised by the prime minister. However, some are elected. So, the government is and is not democratic in some decisions. Also, it's obvious that the general governor makes the choices in Canada and the prime minister 'advises on' decisions. Each territory is controlled by Ottawa (the Capital) and the federal Cabinet. Canada has many political parties, such as the New Democratic Party (NDP) which has a tradition of national support.

 

Geography (Mays Al Saad)

Canada occupies nearly all of North America, roughly north of the 49th parallel, and between the 50th and 141st west meridians. Canada borders the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north. Canada's area is 9,970,610 sq. km, and is the second largest country in the world after Russia. Canadians live mainly in the southern part of the country (approximately 85% of the population is concentrated within 300 km of the US border). This is because not all regions in Canada are suitable for living in, which have very low temperatures and are covered with snow all days of the year.

Canada is a vast nation with a wide variety of geological formations, climates, and ecological systems. It has rain forests, prairie grasslands, deciduous forest, tundra, and wetlands. Having more lakes and inland waterways than any other country, Canada shares all the Great Lakes with the United States, except Lake Michigan. Canada also has numerous islands. The lowest point in Canada is the Atlantic Ocean, and the highest is Mount Logan. Canada has many mountains. In addition, its coastline is 202,080 km. long. The Canadian Shield, the largest region, extends from the St. Lawrence River and is mostly covered with soil. Bordering the Canadian Shield on the west are the Great Plains, an extension of the Great Plains of the United States. Canada’s westernmost region, the Canadian Cordillera, embraces the mountains west of the Great Plains. The region belongs to the vast mountain system extending from the southernmost extremity of South America to westernmost Alaska. The Canadian Arctic Archipelago is a collection of islands in the north. Canada's climate differs from one region to another. Finally, Canada is a country of difficult terrain. Much of its area is under water or is rocky, mountains, or otherwise uninhabitable.

Today, Canada has a population of an estimated 32,207,113 people (51% are women, the other 49% are men, which makes the male to female ratio approximately 1:1). The population growth rate for Canada is around 0.94% annually.

 

Natural Resources (Mays Al Saad)

Canada abounds with natural resources because of its great number of natural forests. It has iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, uranium, aluminum asbestos, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber land, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, and hydropower. The Great Plains region in Canada also has deposits of potash, gypsum, and salt. Canada has enormous area of fertile; however, only 7% of it is used for agriculture. Its agricultural products are wheat, barley, oilseed, tobacco, fruits, vegetables, dairy products, and forest products. Other exports are processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood, paper products, fish products, petroleum, and natural gas. Conservation of these resources has become a national priority; many if Canada's industries depend in these resources. Fish in Canada’s numerous lakes and rivers are a source of food and revenue for many local communities.

Canada is a very self-sufficient country in all the resources its people need, especially freshwater fish. Canada now has a great supply of freshwater fish because of the effective and continuous efforts of the government. Also, there are explorations going on in Canada in search for more natural resources, especially petroleum. Finally, Canada's many forests, minerals and energy, combined with a well-established transportation, and a highly skilled and productive work force made it earn an international reputation for excellence in the sustainable development of natural resources. However, some countries don't completely agree with this fact. Finally, Canada's source endowment is the second richest in the world after Australia.

 

Cultural Factors (Khalid Shahroor)

A major reason for Canada's large population is that Canada welcomes many immigrants; today there are roughly six immigrants for every 1,000 people in Canada. Canada is one of the most developed countries in the world, and hence it is only natural for it to have a sophisticated culture. First of all, Canada has a population of an estimated 32,207,113 people. Of this population, 51% are women, and the other 49% are men, making the male to female ratio approximately 1:1. The population growth rate for Canada is around 0.94% annually.

Canada has many ethnic groups. Canadian ethnic groups are divided as follows: British origin, 28%, French origin, 23%, other Europeans, 15%, Amerindians, 2%, mixed ethnicity, 26%, and others, 6% (mostly Asians, Africans, and Arabs). Canada also has various religions. The main religion is Christianity, which consists of 82% (46% Roman Catholic, 36% Protestant). It also has an 18% variety of other religions including Muslims and Jews. Finally, since it has a great diversity in ethnic groups, and religions, Canada also has more than one language. It has two official languages, English (spoken by 59.3% of the population) and French (spoken by 23.2% of the population), and also has several other un-official languages making up 17.5%.

 

Economy (Khalid Shahroor)

Canada is a powerful state on the world stage because of the nation's sustained economic growth. Canada is considered a "high-tech" country, and it has very profitable and complex industries. Thanks to these factors, Canadians generally have a high standard of living. The backbone of Canada's economy is the exploitation of the county's vast natural resources, chief among them being oil production. Canadian industries in general provide high pay to their employees, and state taxes on Canadian citizens are relatively low, which makes them more efficient in their work. The most crucial factor, though, is the trade-off between imports and exports, which gives Canada a large trade surplus.

Canada’s GDP is approximately $923 billion. This GDP is made up of several groups, the groups are mainly the following: agriculture: 2.3% industry: 26.5% services: 71.2%. Its GDP is now on the rise, and has an annual rise of 3.4%. The country per capita GDP is $29,400, making it one of the highest in the world. This high increase is of course mainly due to Canada’s strong workforce which consists of 16.4 million people, and only 7.6% are unemployed, which is very close to the 6% of full employment, making its work force on of the strongest in the world.

Canada is a very influential in world trade. Its imports are around $229 billion, and it consists of various commodities, which are: machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, crude oil, chemicals, electricity, durable consumer goods. Canada’s import partners include: US 72.7%, UK 3.4%, other EU 3.2%, Japan 3.0%. As for Canada’s exports, they come in at about $260.5 billion, and include such resources and commodities as: motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft, telecommunications equipment; chemicals, plastics, fertilizers; wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, and aluminum. Its export partners include the US 84.6%, Japan 2.2%, UK 1.6%, other EU 2.2%. As clearly seen, Canada makes a wealthy surplus from world trade, which is $31.5 billion. This forms nearly 18% of Canada’s $178.6 billion revenue. Canada has signed several trade agreements; one is the Canada Free Trade Agreement and another is the North American Free Trade Agreement, which includes Mexico.

 

Military and Defense (Khalid Shahroor)

Canada’s military is one of the strongest in the world. Although Canada is generally neutral, it puts a lot of effort into both fortifying itself with military bases, and defending itself with a highly tactical army. Canada’s is split into several branches; these are the Land Forces Command, Maritime Command, Air Command, Communications Command, and Training Command.

Canada spends a significant amount of money on its armed forces. Canada spends approximately $7.861 billion annually (fiscal year 2001-2002). In terms of GDP percentages, Canada spends around 1.1% of its GDP annually to sustain its military establishment, which is large and well-equipped.

 

Views on World Problems (Khalid Shahroor)

Canada is very politically active. Although it does take a neutral stand on most cases, such as the current Iraqi, and Afghani conflicts, it does do a great deal to safeguard both world peace and the principle of national sovereignty. The Canada government has taken a clear stand on Iraq, saying that while it would be in the best interest of world peace to deprive Iraq of weapons of mass destruction, Iraq’s national sovereignty must not be compromised. Therefore, Canada opposes the US. invasion of Iraq in 2003.

As stated, Canada’s foreign policy is mainly neutralist. Canada belongs to many international organizations devoted to economic and political concerns. Canada is an active member of, for instance, APEC, ASEAN, the Australia Group, the Bank of International Settlements, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the G-7, the G-8, the G-10, the Inter-American Development Bank, the IMF, Interpol, NATO, the OAS, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the World Bank, and the World Trade Organization. Canada is also a member of the United Nations. Canadian representatives are active in many UN commissions and specialized agencies (e.g. FAO, IAEA, ILO, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNMOVIC, UPU, WHO).

Canada does have a few international conflicts. One of them is the dispute with the United States over the managed maritime boundary at Dixon Entrance, the Beaufort Sea, the Juan de Fuca Strait, Machias Seal Island, and North Rock. Another international dispute is with Denmark over the sovereignty of Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel between Ellesmere Island and Greenland. Canada, though, has not taken hostile action in either case but is trying to solve these disputes peacefully.

 

History (Mays Al Saad)

It is believed that Canada's first inhabitants migrated to the region over 18,000 years ago. The migrants expanded their range as the ice sheets retreated. Other migrants from Asia came later, bringing new languages and different types of tools and weapons. These indigenous peoples developed complex societies and intricate political relations before the first Europeans, the Vikings, arrived in the Middle Ages (the Vikings remained only for 250 years. Many cultures and nations developed throughout Canada such that, by the sixteenth century, Canada's population rose to more than 30,000 people. However, the population was clustered in separate groups due to communal conflicts. French merchants colonized eastern Canada in the seventeenth century. French migrants depended mostly on hunting and agriculture and settled in regions were the climate and agriculture was the best.

France lost of its territories in Canada to Britain during the French and Indian War in 1760, but most of the French-speaking colonists remained. The French colonists had great efforts in preserving their language and culture in Canada, which is now a theme in Canadian history. Canada became a self-governing country in 1867 while retaining ties to the British state. The movement for national independence started when three British colonies in Canada merged to create a partially independent state of four provinces. After that, six more provinces and three territories have been added. Canada achieved full independence in 1931 but still belongs to the Commonwealth of Nations, a voluntary association of countries with ties to the United Kingdom.

In the 20th century, Canada became a wealthy, industrialized, technologically advanced, and highly developed democracy. Yet regional tensions, ethnic rivalries, global pressures, and the powerful presence of the United States have continued to challenge Canada’s political unity and cultural identity.

 

 

 

Canada: Policy Statements




Committee One: Disarmament and International Security

1. The containment of the risk of the nuclear proliferation in North Korea.

North Korea claims that it owns nuclear weapons to maintain its national security. What about international security? North Korea has showed us how hostile it is. How will we maintain international security, if there are countries, such as North Korea, possessing nuclear weapons? Canada wants East Asia to be a peaceful region of the world. Unfortunately, North Korea is threatening all its neighbors. It is not only threatening North Asia. North Korea is sending radiation, through the Pacific Ocean, to Canada and its neighbors.

We should all cooperate to find a peaceful resolution for this dangerous issue. As the whole world knows, North Korea has violated many treaties, including the Nuclear Proliferation Treaty (NPT). In the case of the NPT, North Korea formally ceased complying with it in 2003 when it declared that it possessed nuclear weapons. North Korean actions were therefore taken in bad faith. The production of nuclear weapons in North Korea should be stopped peacefully without harming any country in the world, including North Korea. North Korea is also harming itself by possessing weapons. North Korea is spending its GDP on military expenditure instead of spending money on development. Therefore, North Korea should develop instead of spending its money on nuclear weapons and threatening international security. Canada believes that nuclear weapons should be possessed only by countries that deserve to posses them, which we all know who they are by common sense. Those countries are wise. Some countries may declare, in the future, possessing nuclear weapons. However, we should not condemn them directly. They may be one of the wise countries who deserve to posses those weapons. Finally, Canada stands firmly with the United States, the United Kingdom, and many other countries against North Korea.

 

2. The trade-off between the trend of increasing military expenditure and development and the resultant effect in international peace.

Following the Second World War, Canada made major military commitments to world peace by being an active member of NATO and NORAD. Canada's peacekeepers have played an important role in world peace. As we know, military expenses have increased rapidly. This is the truth which we can never hide. Canada knows that weapons have killed and will kill million, or maybe billions of people. The main reason behind that is not the weapons, it is the countries who own them. Some countries are using weapons wisely. A weapon is not just an instrument of attack, it is also an instrument of protection. Canada is not saying weapons spread peace, but they are necessary in this world. The question that all countries should ask themselves is: if a country gave up its military expenditure, what would guarantee its national security? It is our responsibility, the general assembly countries, to find a way that weapons are used if and only if they are needed. Certain action should be taken towards this issue. We should find a way in which national security is guaranteed, and at the same time international security is not put at great risk. Also, Canada wants to point out a very important fact, some countries use weapons wisely to help the world, even though some countries may deny it. So, weapons are not always bad, as long as they are used correctly and by wise people.

 

3. Maintenance of international security: good neighborliness, stability and development in West Africa.

A secure world is one of our goals. We hope that someday all countries are stable and capable of protecting themselves. This will only be achieved with the help of other countries. All countries should be helped, so that they'd develop. We believe that peace and security are essential for sustainable development in Africa. It is our responsibility, wealthy countries, to help them. We, the Canadians, care about raising the world's economy and maintaining a peaceful world.

Therefore, we already took an action. Canada donated an $18-million contribution to enhance West African peace support capacity. The Pearson Peacekeeping Center provides training and research on peace support operations. Also, this project is in partnership with the Kofi Annan International Peace Training Center in Ghana. Canada's support will enable the Kofi Annan International Peace Training Center to provide relevant and effective training for military personnel and civilians, strengthening regional security and making communities safer. We are proud of what we have achieved, and wish that you will also contribute in making West Africa a secure region. Finally, the Government of Canada is delivering on its pledge to help Africans prevent and resolve violent conflict.

 

 

Committee Two: Special Political and Decolonization

 

1. The role of UNRWA (United Nations Relief Work Agency for Palestine) and other relief agencies in the possible creation of a Palestinian state, and their role in current host refugee countries should the right to return not be established.

Canada feels that this issue in particular is one of the most important issues to be discussed, since it is a problem, on the international scale. Also, this is a problem that has caused the death of many innocent civilians from both parties. Canada would first like to applaud the UNRWA for its work, and state that it is fully co-operative with its motives and incentives. It is time that the blatant problem be put to rest, and by making a Palestinian state, and an Israeli one as well, the conflict between the two countries should decrease drastically.

Canada also believes that the ‘right to return’ should be entailed. Refugees are already troubled because of leaving their country, but when they wish to return, they are denied, and this is one of the many reasons conflict is still aroused in that area. Only convicted criminals, and suspected members of all terrorist organizations should not be allowed back in, while people with homes and families should receive the ‘right to return’ to their homes.

 

2. The conflict between national sovereignty and the right of the international community to intervene in the domestic affairs of other countries.

Canada believes in both world peace, and national sovereignty. Canada also believes that when a country takes away the rights of people, rights should be taken away from the country. A country that hosts terrorists, and supports them should be open to any attack on national sovereignty since it is not respecting other countries rights. Canada would rather free the world from inhumane attacks on innocent people, then to allow a country to take part in breaking down the word, and ruining any chances of peace.

Canada believes there are certain boundaries to everyone’s rights, and national sovereignty should be treated like a right. Those who blatantly abuse others, through forms of threatening or housing terrorists, should be punished, and just like they misuse other peoples rights, the countries right should then be up for question. However, this should only be used in case of extreme subjects, and should not also be an alibi for attacking another country. The UN should decide whether a country is misusing its rights, and only the UN should have the power to approve of ‘demolishing’ the tight of a countries national sovereignty.

 

3. The division of Iraq and the possible establishment of political autonomy along religious and national lines.

The Iraqi issue is proving to be the biggest world conflict in recent time. This issue is also quickly becoming a case for concern. Canada fully believes that Iraq should be rebuilt, and with in the quickest time possible to insure the safety and satisfaction of its innocent population. The minorities, such as Kurds and Shias, also need to be protected from the prejudice they faced from a leader like Saddam Hussein. This is because just like the majority, they are also Iraqi’s, and deserve to have the full rights that all others are being allowed to practice.

Canada believes the best way to do this is to assign an elected present, who can only win if he gets a certain amount of votes from each division. In this way, we could insure that he would treat all people equally and fairly. Also, the laws and rights have to be upgraded, to make people aware of all their rights, and not be executed for speaking against the elected candidate.

 

 

 

Canada: Resolutions




SUBJECT OF RESOLUTION: The trade-off between the trend of increasing military expenditure and development and the resultant effect in international peace

SUBMITTED TO: Disarmament Commission

SUBMITTED BY: Canada, Mays Al-Saad

Recalling that the term "military expenditure" is defined as the act of spending money for armament,

Further recalling that the term "development" refers to the creation of a more balanced and economically independent society, and that the term "international peace" refers to relations between sovereign states arrived at usually by agreements or treaties made to end hostilities,

Bearing in mind the information that since 1997 military expenditure in Africa have increased 22%, as documented by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SPRI),

Taking into consideration the World Bank's finding that even though it has restricted Uganda and other nations to devote two percent of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to military spending, from four to 40% of it is devoted to military expenditures,

Fully alarmed that, according to SPRI, many African countries, which are also spending most of their GDP on armament have developing by no more than one percent after 1997 and the lives of every 1.7 child will be needlessly lost because their governments have failed to reduce poverty levels,

Deeply disturbed by the fact that weapons purchased by developing African countries have been used by children in wars in which two million people died, 12 million left homeless, more than 1 million children orphaned or separated from their parents, and 10 million people psychologically traumatized,

Declaring that even though less than one per cent of what the world spends every year on weapons could be spent to put every child in school, there is no substantial move in this direction,

Having studied that African countries, which are spending a large percentage of their GDPs on armament, get almost all of their non-military needs paid for by aid from industrialized nations,

Recognizing the potential threat to international security, as reported by www.globalissues.org that a certain industrialized nation spends $396.1 each year on military technology, which gives it the power to destroy the world many times over,

Emphasizing that since 1980 the United Nations has adopted at least twenty resolutions intended to reduce world military expenditures, but none have been effective partly because the budget of the United Nations is a fraction of what the entire world spends on preparations for war,

1. Calls upon the UN Secretary-General to authorize the creation of a sub-organization of the International Bank for Reconstruction Development, to be named the Organization for Sustainable Development and World Peace (OSDWP), and whose members will:
A. Consist of one hundred trained accountants to be elected, and whose salaries will be decided, by the General Assembly,
B. Meet each other regularly to consider how to use financial incentives to encourage states to both increase funding of sustainable development and reduce their military budgets,
C. Inform the Secretary-General and the General Assembly every six months of all OSDWP recommendations for appropriate actions, including loan or aid programs tied to the specific goal set out in sub-clause B.
D. Have these recommendations approved by the Secretary-General, and ratified by a majority vote of the General Assembly,
E. Have an organizational headquarters to be decided by a General Assembly vote;

2. Further resolves that the OSDWP's accountants will:
A. Study, on the basis of direct investigation and reports from UN agencies, the World Bank Group, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), developing countries' economic status, rates of development, commitments by their governments to both development and disarmament, their yearly aid donations, and which organizations grant the aid,
B. Divide the countries they evaluate and other countries in the world into five groups, which will be:
1. Group A: major powers that have strong defenses and have been known suppliers of economic aid to developing countries in the past,
2. Group B: poor countries with GDPs largely devoted to military spending and have low rates of development dependent almost solely on aid from Group A,
3. Group C: countries with civil wars that need weaponry for self-defense,
4. Group D: countries at war with one another country,
5. Group E: peaceful and neutral countries that do not need any assistance, disregard the World Bank's two percent restriction rule, and place different restrictions on country in Group B depending their different circumstances, as determined in the reports,
C. Review the progress of countries under restriction every six months to confirm if the percentage of their GDP spent on weapons purchases, has risen or fallen,
D. Countries in Group C will not be put under any restriction by the OSDWP, and OSWDP officials will recommend that they receive more foreign aid;

3. Proclaims that the OSDWP will send investigators to check restricted Group B countries, and the organization will recommend in its semi-annual report to the General-Secretary and the General Assembly that they are "rule-breakers" if they:
A. Spend more money for military-related purposes than permitted under OSDWP guidelines,
B. Use aid from donor states for purchasing military technologies and supplies,
C. Fund organizations designated as terrorist groups by UN specialized agencies and international law enforcement agencies,
D. Violate the human rights of prisoners and civilians during war,
E. Employ children, in addition to adults, in military and paramilitary forces;

4. Emphasizes that rule-breakers will receive the following consequences:
A. The OSDWP will recommend to the office of the Secretary-General and to the General Assembly that they not approve of UN aid being given to them,
B. The OSDWP will recommend to injured states that they bring suit against rule-breakers in the International Court of Justice;

5. Calls for the OSWDP to ask Group A countries to decrease their military expenditures a small percentage and spend it on development assistance for Group B countries instead, and in addition the OSDWP:
A. Will base these percentages on its studies so that the legitimate defense expenditures of Group A countries will not be negatively affected,
B. Will encourage injured states to bring suit against Group D countries in the ICJ,
C. Will give testimony in such ICJ suits against Group D countries,
D. Will not recommend restrictions on Group E countries because they are not threats to regional, or global stability,
E. Will not recommend that donor states, or institutions, give economic assistance to Group E countries as they do not need economic aid;

6. Confirms that the OSDWP will control the aid given by Group A countries to Group B countries in the following manner: donor nations, or institutions, will give financial or technical aid to the OSDWP, which will decide if that assistance should be transferred to the developing country in question, or returned to the donating party or, if the donor wishes, used to facilitate the development process in another Group B country;

7. Further recommends that the OSDWP take into consideration any suggestions from any concerned country or arm of the World Bank Group which would make it a more productive and successful policy research organization,

8. Declares accordingly that the OSWDP will not recommend violating the national sovereignty of countries, unless it finds it absolutely necessary.

 

 

SUBJECT OF RESOLUTION: The conflict between national sovereignty and the right of the international community to intervene in the domestic affairs of other countries.

SUBMITTED TO: Special Political and Decolonization Commission

SUBMITTED BY: Canada, Khaled Shahroor

Defining national sovereignty as certain laws and rights a country has a right to have,

Reminding that two countries have lost their national sovereignty in the past three years,

Deploring the fact that countries that have lost their national sovereignty have hindered not only politically, but also financially and socially,

Fully alarmed by the fact that a country defies UN laws and takes the rights of other countries,

Taking note of the game which certain countries play were they use national sovereignty as a shield for their bad actions,

Further deploring the fact that national sovereignty is separating people rather than uniting them under one country,

1. Declares accordingly that the UN General Assembly form a sub-organization called the United Nations Sovereignty Group (UNSG), which will:
A. Consist of one representative of each member country of the UN,
B. Investigate all UN member states to ensure they are not violating the sovereignty of any other nations,
C. Take action by placing constraints on the countries that do not respect national sovereignty by obtaining the approval of a 60% majority of the General Assembly;

2. Proclaims that any UN member state that must wage war of any type against other sovereign states must do the following:
A. Submit all evidence it has to prove the compelling need to attack another country to the General Assembly, in the hope of securing a 60% majority vote of approval in that organ,
B. Then submit a resolution to the UN Security Council, which will state:
i. why the countries in question want to attack another country,
ii. when the countries in question will attack another country,
iii. what the countries will do after the war is over,
C. Submit a war powers resolution, along with evidence, to the Security Council in the hope of also securing 60% majority vote approving the military action, and the veto power enjoyed by permanent members of the Security Council will be disregarded so that all Security Council countries get a fair vote;

3. Resolves that if any UN country disobeys these rules it will receive punishment in these three consecutive steps:
A. The country will be fined a significant money amount each day it is in contempt of the Security Council, this money will be:
i. decided upon by the General Assembly if this resolution passes,
ii. given to the UN budget to upgrade and supplement its sub-organizations,
B. If the country still persists in disobeying the laws, the fines will still apply,
C. If the country still is in contempt, it will then be expelled from the UN, and will no longer be under the UN's protection, or helped by any of its sub organizations;

4. Approves UN member countries taking military actions only in the following cases if these actions had been approved by the means stated in clause 2:
A. If a country is illegally attacked by another, then the former country has the right to use military force in its self-defense,
B. If a country misuses its rights to harm other countries, and uses sovereignty as a cover for its actions,
C. If a country violates the national sovereignty of another country without going through the procedure and getting the approval of the United Nations.

 

 

 

Canada: Opening Speech
(Both Commissions)



Canada, a country that enjoys great world responsibility in all fields of concern to the world's people, including politics and economy, stands here today to declare its policies before all countries of the United Nations. Canada wishes that this meeting will succeed in finding solutions for world problems, including the on-going violence in Iraq and the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

Canada, a country with vast natural resources, and a deep cultural history, has united under the banner of peace, and as seen in many of the decisions Canada has made, it is willing to help solve any problem that may arise anywhere in the world. Canada not only obeys and enforces international law, but also aids other countries politically and economically. Canada wishes that the whole world can finally overcome such differences as race, religion, and nationality in order to solve problems in a humane, just, and unprejudiced manner way. By doing this, the world community will achieve lasting international security and equality.

 

 

 

Statements of Delegates



1. Mays Al-Saad, Disarmament:

During the AMMUN conference 2003, I learned many lessons. In this event, I learned the most about MUN and debate. In KSAA, I only learned that MUN is "kill or be killed." However, in AMMUN I learned the opposite of that. I learned that if you are prepared and know what your doing, no one can prove you wrong. Also, you should be respectful to others, so that they respect you. Further more, I learned more about how to socialize with other people. I’m looking forward to the next MUN event.

 

2. Khalid Shahroor (ambassador): Political and Legal

In AMMUN 2003, I learned the importance of the correct representation of your country. Ever since I started taking MUN, all the countries I have interacted with have represented their countries according to their countries foreign policies. In AMMUN 2003, I witnessed people who didn’t undergo this essential, yet easy process. For example, North Korea, who is currently labeled as the ‘axis of evil’ by the US, voted WITH the US on nearly every single resolution although some clearly attacked its own country. The US also showed signs of weakness when the delegate voted AGAINST democracy. In KSAA, I was in ICJ, and witnessed no such thing, but Jordan bought to my attention the significance of not acting on how you believe, rather acting to what your country believes. I also learned about the importance of the admin. staff, since I received and sent more than 200 notes in one day.