Event: AMMUN 2003Students:
Ahmed Al-Jouan, Disarmament and Ambassador Maha Sartawi, Political and Decolonial Lamia Al-Loughani, Legal Commission
Links to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2003-2004 Team page
Political Structure (Ahmed Al-Jouan)
The country of Guinea is a republic, or a multi-party democracy. The first republic was established on 2 October, 1958. After the death of Sekou Toure, Guinea’s first president, on 3 April, 1984, a military junta led by the Lt. Col. Lansana Conte seized power and declared the second republic. The military government remained under Lansana Conte. The first constitution was established on 23 December 1990 and named the Loi Fundmantle. The country’s first multi party presidential elections took place in 1993 in which Lansana Conte was elected he was reelected in the elections of 1998 and the third elections were not held yet but are supposed to be held at the end of 2003 because of the short conflict on the Guinean-Liberian border the elections were postponed to late 2003 instead of the beginning of 2003. In the Guinean political system the president is elected to a five year term. The president appoints a prime minister who heads a council of ministers, composed of 25 ministers who assist him in governing the country. Government administration is carried out on five levels in descending order because
Guinea’s government strides to make local governments help to tackle the problems of a community it has strode to make smaller districts within districts so governance could be more fairer and more in touch with Guineans. There are eight regions, 33 prefectures and one hundred sub prefectures, and many districts known as communes in cities and villages or quartiers in the interior. District-level leaders are elected, the president appoints officials to all other levels of the highly centralized administration. The first legislative elections were held in 1995 in which seven parties of the more than 40 legalized parties won seats. The second legislative elections were held in 2002 in which President Conte’s party won the majority of seats because the major political parties boycotted the election objecting to the inequities in the existing electoral system. The unicameral people’s National Assembly is composed of 114 directly-elected members who are elected to serve five year terms. The national assembly makes laws and ordinances which then go to the president to be ratified. These laws are the basis by which the government governs the country. The legal system is based on French civil law system, customary law, and decree. The Legal codes are currently being revised. Guinea has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction because it does not believe that the ICJ should force Guinea to appear in court or any other country to file complaints against Guinea using the ICJ forcefully without Guinea’s approval. The country’s Judicial Branch is represented by the court of appeal and the Supreme Court. Political Parties were legalized on 1 April 1992.
There are more than forty political parties with legal status. The pro-government party includes the Party for Unity and Progress (PUP). The political opposition includes the Rally for the Guinean People (RPG), Union for a New Republic (UNR), Party for Renewal and Progress (PRP), Union for Progress of Guinea (UPG), Democratic Party of Guinea (PDG), and Union of Republican Forces (UFR).
Geography (Maha Sartawi)
Guinea is located in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone. The dimension of Guinea is 245,857 sq. km, 245,857 sq. km of it is water none of it is water. Guinea has had a population of 9,030,220 people since July 2003. The total land boundary of Guinea is 3,399 km (Total land borders of Guinea with other nations). It shares a land boundary with the following countries Cote d'Ivoire 610 km, Guinea-Bissau 386 km, Liberia 563 km, Mali 858 km, Senegal 330 km, Sierra Leone 652 km. Guinea has boundaries with Côte d'Ivoire (610 km), Guinea-Bissau (386 km), Liberia (563 km), Mali (858 km), Senegal (330 km), and Sierra Leone (652 km). The climate in Guinea is mostly hot and humid. Monsoon-type rainy season from June to November with south westerly winds which bring clouds and monsoon weather. The dry season is from December to May, with north-easterly winds. The highest mountain in Guinea is Mount Nimba (1,752 meters). The lowest point is the coast, which is at sea level.
Natural Resources (Lamia Al-Loughani)
There are many natural resources in Guinea, such as fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite and as-yet unexploited deposits of petroleum, an example of which is oil. In Guinea many agricultural products are grown, such as rice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava (i.e. tapioca), bananas, and sweet potatoes. In Guinea, timber is gathered and cattle, sheep, and goats are raised. One of the 20 poorest countries in the world, Guinea-Bissau depends mainly on farming and fishing. Rice is the major crop and staple food.
Cultural Factors (Lamia Al-Loughani)
Guinea-Bissau's population of almost one and a quarter million people consists of various African tribes. Guinea has a high population which reaches up to 1,360,827. Due to its past as a colony of the Portuguese empire, Portuguese is Guinea's official language. Most Guineans, though, speak indigenous languages on a daily basis. There are many ethnic groups in Guinea, such as the Balanta (30%), Fula (20%), Manjaca (14%), Mandinga (13%), and Papel (7%); Europeans and mulattos make up less than 1% of the population. The three main religions, which about half of the Guinea's population follows, are indigenous beliefs; a slightly smaller amount of Guineans are Muslims and about 5% are Christians. Like many other countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, Guinea has a low life expectancy (49.6 years), high infant mortality rate (109 deaths per one thousand live births) and low literacy (53.9%).
Defense (Maha Sartawi)
Guinea's military branches are the Army, Navy, Air Force, and paramilitary National Gendarmerie. The chiefs of these forces report to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Col. Kerfalla Camara. The Chairman reports directly to the President, who took responsibility for the Ministry of Defense in early 2000. Military expenditures are $137.6 million; this is 3.3% of the GDP. Armaments imported to Guinea are valued at $15 million. The 10,000-member army is the largest of the four services. The Navy has about 900 personnel and operates several small patrol craft and barges. Air Force personnel total about 700; its equipment includes several Russian-supplied fighter planes and transport planes. Several thousand gendarmes are responsible for internal security.
Economy (Maha Sartawi)
Guinea is the world's second largest bauxite producer, the raw material used to produce aluminum. The world's richest deposits of iron ore (6.5 billion tons) of known reserves are found in Guinea. Other minerals are found in Guinea, such as diamonds, gold, granite, petroleum, uranium, cobalt, nickel, zinc, manganese, and platinum. Guinea is a member of the Economic Community of West African States, a market of about 200 million consumers which bring together 16 West African countries. The exports from Guinea are bauxite, aluminum, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, and agricultural products. These exports go to Belgium (14.2%), the United States (11.4%), Spain (11%), Ireland (10.3%), France (9.2%), Russia (8.5%), Germany (5.1%), Korea (4.7%), Cameroon (3.7%), and Ukraine (5.9%). The principal imports are petroleum products, metals, machinery, transportation equipment, textiles, grain, and foodstuffs. The imports come from France (15.8%), the United States (11.3%), Côte d'Ivoire (8%), Belgium (7.9%), China (6.3%), UK (4.6%), Italy (3.8%), Netherlands (3.4%), Germany (2.8%), and Hong Kong (2.6%). Most of Guinea's population is engaged in farming. The total farmed area is estimated at 6.5 million hectares. The principal crops are mangoes, pineapples, bananas, citrus fruit, coffee, cocoa, rice, maize, fonio, cassava, hevea, cotton, tea, tobacco, and shea. Farming has improved, and exports of fruit are increasing.
Views on World Problems (Ahmed Al-Jouan)
Guinea has good relations with other countries. It has developed good relations with European countries. For example, the United States has close relations with Guinea and has various agencies working in the country. Guinea has developed close relations with other West African Countries especially Côte d’Ivoire and Senegal. Guinea has been active and supportive in efforts of regional integration and cooperation especially regarding the African Union and the Economic Organization of West African States (ECOWAS) Guinea takes important roles in several organizations were it is active in Deliberations and decisions. Guinea has participated in both diplomatic and military efforts to solve the conflicts in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea-Bissau. Guinea contributed contingents of troops for peace-keeping operations in all three countries as part of ECOMOG, the military observer group of ECOWAS.
Guinea is a member of the UN and most of its agencies and was recently elected to a two year term in the Security Council which it just ended; African Union (AU); International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD); African Development Bank (AFDB); Niger River Basin (NRB); Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS); Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC); Mano River Union (MRU); Gambia River Basin Organization (OMVG); and the Nonaligned Movement (NAM).
History (Ahmed Al-Jouan)
Before Guinea achieved total political independence, the country was a French colony. The independence movement was led by Sekou Toure, one of the leaders of Guinea's radical labor movement, and leader of the Democratic Party of Guinea (PDG). Toure became president of Guinea's Governing Council in the 1950s. Under his leadership, the Guinean government refused to ratify the constitution of the French Community in 1958 (Guinea was the only French colony to do this). Instead, Guinea opted for complete independence from France, which was achieved on 2 October, 1958. France retaliated by cutting ties and withdrawing technical and financial support. Guinea cultivated close relations with the Soviet Union but they were severely strained after the Soviet ambassador was expelled from Guinea for allegedly interfering in the country’s internal affairs. Guinea sought improved relations with the West in the late 1960’s. Under Toure's rule, Guinea was a one-party socialist republic, and its foreign policy was one of non-alignment with the world powers. Toure also promoted the ideology of Pan-Africanism and supported national liberation movements, especially in Portuguese Guinea.
In 1970 Guinea was invaded by a small force of Guinean exiles from Portuguese Guinea (later called Guinea-Bissau after independence) opposed to Toure. The invasion was unsuccessful, and led to several trials and executions. However, while Toure had been both head of government and of the PDG, he relinquished the latter post in 1972. In 1973 the Guinean government took greater control over the foreign-owned bauxite industry. Toure lost public support because of his economic failures, isolationist policies, and vicious suppression of political opponents. There was evident change in Toure's policies by the end of his term as president. He abandoned state socialism, normalized relations with France, and secured aid from both France and Arab countries. Shortly after Toure died in 1984, then-Lt. Col. Lansana Conte seized power and established the military dictatorship of his Military Committee for National Recovery (CMRN). The military government banned the PDG and set out to reform the economy.
In 1989, under massive domestic and foreign pressure, Conte announced that civilian rule would be restored. A new constitution, Loi Fundmantle, was approved in 1990, and in 1991 the CMRN was replaced by a transitional government under Conte. In 1993 Conte won the first multi-party presidential elections that were boycotted by some opposition groups and marred by accusations of fraud, as well as killings during the election campaign. The first legislative elections were held in 1995, in which seven parties of the more than forty legal parties won seats. An army revolt was put down in 1996. In the aftermath of the revolt, Conte took direct charge of the military. Since the mid-1990s, Guinea has received approximately 400,000 refugees from Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea Bissau. In 2000-2001, foreign-based rebels raided Guinean villages along the borders with Liberia and Sierra Leone. The Guinean government accused Liberia of supporting these rebels, and the Guinean army counterattacked across the Liberian border, in retaliation. The second legislative elections were held in 2002, in which President Conte’s party won the majority of seats because the major political parties boycotted the election in protest against inequities in the existing electoral system. The third presidential elections are to be held 17 December, 2003. Under Conte, private enterprise and ties with the West have been strengthened.
Disarmament Commission (Ahmed Al-Jouan)
1. The containment and risk of nuclear proliferation in North Korea.
Guinea is alarmed at the rise of the threat of nuclear war on the Korean peninsula by the unscrupulous efforts of North Korea to develop nuclear weapons may lead to a broader nuclear conflict that may include the United States and other regional and global powers. Guinea has no formal relations with North Korea but has had a neutral stance on this issue because of it is a non-aligned nation. Guinea sees it as vital that the international community accept this and only this definition to this issue as, in the words of the Guinean delegate to the United Nations, "the prevention of the increase of nuclear weapons in North Korea or the Korean Peninsula." This problem started in late 1998 but has recently been highlighted because of North Korea’s confession of having nuclear weapons and that it will not disarm them which have made the United States, South Korea, and Japan worried that it will use these weapons to attack them or sell them to other countries or terrorist organizations. Guinea Stresses the importance of the agreements made between the regional countries and the United States and North Korea and wants both countries to abide by these agreements. Guinea is against the nuclear proliferation of North Korea because it believes it may lead to a larger war and the use of these weapons by the countries involved and leads to serious loss of life on all countries and mass destruction that is why Guinea is against the nuclear proliferation of North Korea. Guinea believes that the solution of this conflict is with the implementation of previous agreements, which were all ratified by all countries involved in the situation on the Korean peninsula.
2. The trade-off between the trend of increasing military expenditure and development, and the resultant effect on international peace.
Guinea is concerned at the rise of the trade-off between the trend of increasing military expenditure and development and its effect on international peace. Guinea affirms that the definition of this issue, as defined by the honorable delegate of guinea to the Disarmament Commission is "the balance between the general tendency of rising military spending and development and the final effect on international peace." Recently, the world community has seen military spending rise by countries spending more on buying weapons and supporting larger armies because of the war on terrorism these countries include the United States and European powers and Middle Eastern Countries and Asian countries, which are affected by this war or fight or support this war but guinea thinks that the resultant effect will lead to less fighting and more peace if the enemies of these conflicts are defeated but believes that mediation if possible should be taken. Guinea supports development but if a country is threatened it should allocate the funds to able to efficiently fight the war even if it affects development.
Guinea believes that if a country is affected or threatened by a conflict that it may raise it military spending to better aide it forces in winning the specific conflict or war but believes that a conflicts should be avoided by using peaceful mediation and supports peace not war that is why Guinea contributes a great deal to peace keeping operations and helps to mediate in conflicts. Guinea Believes that countries should support countries which are attacked or threatened by insurgents or terrorists. Guinea believes in Mediation and greater involvement of the United Nations in helping to end conflicts by mediation and by contributing peace keeping troops to help to stop these conflicts and monitor and keep the agreements that the all parties have agreed to. One of the countries which economies have been affected by the trade-off between increasing military expenditure and development is Pakistan which because of spending increasingly on Military purchases because of the tension with India. Guinea has had to spend less on other projects of development which has hindered the prosperity of Pakistan. Another country is Guinea which has allocated a great deal of funds to the defense budget because of the situation in nearby Liberia, and Sierra Leone. These funds could have been used for development , improved social services, improving the education system, and in improving the health services but instead has had to be spent on buying weapons.
3. Maintenance of international security: good neighborliness, stability, and development in West Africa.
Guinea is disturbed at the rise of armed conflicts in West Africa. Guinea asks the international community to accept this as the only definition of this issue for, as the representative of Guinea to the Disarmament Commission has earlier said, "maintaining and supporting international security involving good and satisfactory and friendly relations, stability, and development and growth in West Africa." Guinea is part of ECOWAS, the West African economic community, which it takes active part in its deliberations and supports its decisions. Guinea supports ECOMOG the military observer group of ECOWAS, which it has contributed to it with troops and funds. ECOWAS was instrumental in the ending war, and in peace-keeping operations in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea-Bissau, and Guinea participated in all operations with troop contributions. The most recent event that highlighted this issue is the civil war in Liberia which had caused massive human suffering to the Liberian people and other nations which were engulfed by refugees from this war and affected by the war factions which attacked other West African countries including Guinea. This war has been fought over a period of 15 years and hopefully it has ended. Guinea supports good neighborliness, stability, and development in West Africa as I mentioned Guinea is active in West African regional organizations and has strode to have better relations and a strong West Africa that is stable and peaceful. Guinea believes that the solution to have a more stable West Africa is greater international involvement in West Africa and more Aid and funds to be allocated to West African nations so they can fight the problems of war and famine so their countries can develop at a faster rate.
Special Political and Decolonization Commission (Maha Sartawi)
1. The role of UNRWA (United Nations Relief Work Agency for Palestine) and other relief agencies in the possible creation of a Palestinian state, and their role in current host refugee countries should the right to return not be established.
The single goal of the UNWRA and allied relief agencies is to work for the co-existence of the state of Israel and a future independent Palestinian state. This will create a much better life for the people of both nations. The creation of a two state soluiton will bring to an end the death of innocents on both size, and the greate expenditures on weaponry by Israel, which only creates more problems. Guinea believes that the question of Palestine should be solved as soon as possible. Guinea strongly recommends that more countries get involved in organizations that work on solving this conflict. Other than the fact that this problem creates a worse life for the people, it also affects neighboring countries. In the end, this situation must be solved.
2. The conflict between national sovereignty and the right of the international community to intervene in the domestic affairs of other countries.
National sovereignty is when each country has a right to its own policies and rules. Also, no country has the right to tell a country to change its policies because that leads to the violation of national sovereignty and to the creation of conflicts. Guinea believes that national sovereignty shouldn’t be violated however some rules should be laid out to make it easier for countries to make the right decisions. This will then cause countries to live peacefully and no country will then object to a countries actions. This is probably the best solution and this might even prevent any conflicts in the long run between countries. In the end, Guinea supports the fact that some rules by the UN should be laid out to make life easier for a lot of citizens and to direct countries in the right path of making decisions.
Legal Commission (Lamia Al-Loughani)
1. Measures to legally combat terrorism and the growth of supra-national terrorist groups.
The best definition of "terrorism" is that it is a deliberate activity of violence and the destruction of a certain area. For many years the international community has been threatened by terrorist groups that are wrecking havoc and causing destruction around the whole world and yet this threatening continues to this day. The international community has been trying to legally combat international terrorism and the growth of supra-national terrorist groups but yet this situation in the international community is becoming difficult to handle and control.
The fight against international terrorism seems to be a complicated task. No place is immune from terrorism and the September 11 incident has proven that. Therefore, the international community should strengthen its efforts to solve regional conflicts, as one of the methods to combat terrorism. Guinea is committed to work in the implementation of the existing international anti-terrorism conventions and all new conventions, propositions and measures that can help against terrorism. Guinea is deeply concerned with the issue of terrorism as it exists widely in the region and is spreading across the population. Although Guinea is extremely enthusiastic about putting a stop to this plague, it and many other neighboring countries are facing economical problems and debt.
2. International regulations dealing with the use and misuse of genetic engineering and screening.
In early 2003 the Clonaid organization claimed it had cloned a human being. Since that time the people of the world have been in a controversy regarding the mortality and legality of cloning. What is cloning? A DNA sequence, such as a gene, that is transferred from one organism to another and replicated by genetic engineering techniques. Regulations for cloning must be taken in hand because cloning is an issue greatly affecting the future existence on the humans on earth. According to Dr. Patrick Dixon, author of The Genetic Revolution, "gene technology has the power to cure, feed, alter and destroy us."
Genetic engineering is a scientific alteration of the structure of genetic material in a living organism. It involves the production and use of recombinant DNA and has been employed to create bacteria that synthesize insulin and other human proteins. In Guinea regulations for dealing with the use and misuse of genetic engineering and screening has taken their attention and come to mind to support it and legally approve it assuming it is part of science and technology. Guinea is with the idea and thought that Science and Technology is the way through resolving some serious problems with organisms and food. Although Guinea opposes the idea of cloning of organisms in general, it nevertheless believes that genetic engineering can provide ways in which the genetic materials in an organism's body can be changed but does not incorporate it within its country.
3. Defining and modifying the rights of prisoners of war and the scope of extradition law.
The process of extradition is the legal surrender of a fugitive to the jurisdiction of another state, country, or government for trial. Prisoners of wars (POWs) have the same rights as any other living person does during times of in peace, such as employees, migrant workers, or criminal suspects. Despite the existence of an armed conflict, certain aspects of international human rights law also remain in force. Even in a state of emergency, it is unlawful to suspend some rights, such as the prohibition on arbitrary deprivation of life, the prohibition of torture, freedom of religion. Other civil and political freedoms may be derogated in an emergency, but under highly restricted conditions: the derogation must be for a limited period of time, in a way that involves no invidious discrimination, and only to the extent strictly required by an emergency so severe that it threatens the life of the nation. In Guinea, for instance, at least 5,600 deaths have taken place in POW camps. Guinea elaborates by any circumstance any law prohibiting a POW from any right and strongly believes that a prisoner of war should not be stripped from any right by the extradition law which indicates that the person is a legal surrender in a war.
SUBJET OF RESOLUTION: Maintenance of international security: good neighborliness, stability, and development in West Africa.
SUBMITTED TO: Disarmament Commission
SUBMITTED BY: Guinea (Ahmed Al-Jouan)
Defining this issue "maintaining and supporting international security involving good, satisfactory, and friendly relations, as well as supporting stability, development and growth in West Africa."
Believing in the importance of the role of the United Nations in West Africa,
Alarmed by the deteriorating humanitarian situation in West Africa,
Deeply concerned by the great number of civil conflicts in West Africa,
Affirming that nations of influence must intervene to stop these civil conflicts,
Emphasizing the role of demilitarization as vital to the reconciliation of the warring factions,
Recognizing the importance of reconstruction for West Africa’s stability,
Fully alarmed by the role of the illicit trade of precious natural resources in West Africa and its role in prolonging civil conflicts,
Bearing in mind the refugees who are forced to flee to other nations and the hardships they suffer,
Taking into account the hardships that the civilian population in the affected country bare either it be from malnutrition, disease, and insecurity,
Expressing its appreciation to countries and aid organizations helping refugees or helping in the rebuilding of affected countries,
Welcoming the efforts of any country willing to help obtain West African security and stability,
1. Encourages the United Nations disarmament committee to implement DDR programs as soon as conflicts are over;
2. Have Resolved the formation of a joint United Nations committee to study the problem of illicit trade of precious natural resources, the role of precious natural resources role in prolonging conflicts, and how to stop the illicit trade of precious metals; this committee will be made up of: A. Representatives of West African countries B. A representative from the African Union C. A representative from the U.N Secretary General D. A representative from The European Union E. Representatives from the five permanent members of the Security Council;
3. Supports the efforts of the UNHCR in the field of refugees;
4. Resolves the signing of a treaty in which West African countries will give the right to the United Nations Disarmament Commission to start DDR programs after the ending of conflicts;
5. Urges all economically developed countries to help in reconstruction efforts in war torn countries;
6. Requests that the United Nation commission on economic and social development and all its sub-committees keep there development projects and to help countries who have just come out of war with development projects.
7. Have resolved the creation of a committee which will be responsible for reconstruction and rehabilitation of affected West African Countries this Committee will have the following tasks: A. Setting up of a plan for reconstruction priorities and the expenses of the reconstruction projects, B. Responsible for reconstruction of basic services, C. Responsible for urban planning, D. Help in recovering and rebuilding the infrastructure of the country, E. Build and provide technical support on projects such as power plants, sewage treatment plants, Water plants, F. Help in the building of schools, clinics, and hospitals.
SUBJECT OF RESOLUTION: The conflict between national sovereignty and the right of the international community to intervene in the domestic affairs of other countries.
SUBMITTED TO: Special Political and Decolonization Commission
SUBMITTED BY: Guinea (Maha Sartawi)
Defining national sovereignty is that each country, or state, has a right to its own policies and rules, dictionary.com,
Studied the US.-led invasion of Iraq violates the basic rules of the United Nations Charter requiring countries to exhaust all peaceful means of maintaining global security before taking military action, and permitting the use of force in self-defense only in response to actual or imminent attack,"
Having studied "The UN Predicted a Devastating Humanitarian Crisis: 23 million civilians are in danger in Iraq,"
Realizing that people have been attacked and injured,
Furthermore noting, there isn't a lot of food or medical care for the people,
Aware of this hasn't been the first country that broke the basic rules of the United Nations Charter,
Noticing most countries that have been violated are dictatorship government countries;
Recognizing this means the country that attacked the dictatorship country is trying to put world peace,
1. Considers that an organization should be formed called the United Nations National Sovereignty Organization (UNNSO), under the umbrella of the UN it will be set up in Geneva; the organization will have these following goals: A. It will solve the problem of countries that are dying from the government, B. It will make sure that people in the country that has been attacked will get the right aid;
2. Further adding breaking national sovereignty will mean to go into another country that has a good government and attack it such as Palestine-Israel, but it will not mean to go into a country and stop dictatorship government such as Iraq-USA;
3. Draws attention of this organization should also be associated with WHO and FAO after their approval;
4. Notes this organization will: A. Will allow attacks on countries that have a dictatorship government; this won't be considered as breaking national sovereignty anymore; but before a country attacks a dictatorship country they should first : I. Study the amount of food and medical aid needed; II. Be able to pay for the damage they caused in the country;
5. Notes that after completion of the steps in clause 4, the organization will: A. Rebuild the country clearly by volunteer workers such as constructors, architects, engineers, etc., B. Put a government on their own for 2 months, that they will choose from the country that attacked it to stop dictatorship, C. Elections will take place after two months, and people will choose their government;
6. Further resolves this organizations will build mini-organizations to help the countries throughout the change such as, this organizations will be built these mini organization inside the country after the new government is in, until the government chosen by the people takes over, including: A. A mini-health organization : an mini organization that will provide them with the food they need, and medical care they need (FAO and WHO help after approval) B. A mini- Donation organization : an mini organization that will provide money throughout the country that will come from donations, and the organization should put an amount of money in it each month; C. A mini- Religious organization : an mini organization that will build mosques, or whatever the countries religious is, this will help keep their hopes up, and close to their God, volunteer workers will build what they need;
7. Urges that all nations join this resolution to make world peace, and to put a good meaning for national sovereignty.
SUBJECT OF RESOLUTION: Measures to legally combat terrorism and the growth of supra-national terrorist groups.
SUBMITTED TO: Legal Commission
SUBMITTED BY: Guinea (Lamia Al-Loughani)
Defining ‘terrorism" as an act of violence that threatens the community, arouses havoc, and causes violence,
Deeply Concerned with the fact that terrorist groups are growing and that little is being accomplished to restrain them,
Noting that over 6,000 injuries and deaths occurred in the terrorist acts of 11 September, 2001, alone,
Encourages the efforts of all anti-terrorism organizations and programs, like the UN-funded Global Program Against Terrorism for its efforts but is disappointed that evidently there has been little progress,
Keeping in mind that lack of education and misinterpretation of certain ideologies can lead to terrorism and that improving school facilities and programs would have a positive affect on it,
Congratulating the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) on its efforts and success in providing education in specific areas and to children and elder people who lack it,
1. Assigning UNICEF, and establishing an organization called the United Nations Border Protection Agency (UNBPA) to cooperate with terrorism-stricken regions, with the approval of the government, and provide aid in all ways possible;
2. Designating UNBPA staff to be allocated in terrorism-prone regions with the permission of the respective government in which they will: A. Monitor weapon trafficking, B. Report any suspicious activities to the UN Headquarters in New York and the government itself, C. screen people trafficking in accordance to UN terrorist profiles that will be made by the government;
3. Decides that any terrorism-related activity will be reported immediately to the government and the UN and the suspects will be: A. put under surveillance until action is taken, B. if found guilty will be stripped of all belongings/identity and his profile will of course be exposed to the entire world community;
4. Resolves the formation of the Fighting Terrorism Committee (FTC) of UNICEF by means to promote education, health, development and peace which will help increase awareness and encourage anti-terrorism by means of (with the approval of the government): A. Educational programs in schools, B. Flyers and posters, C. Sponsoring anti terrorism carnivals and lectures;
5. Urges all legal committees to improve and think of more ways of combating terrorism and controlling the spread of it.
Guinea welcomes all participating country delegations to this conference, where we must solve problems together that greatly affect the entire world. The most important problem is how to guarantee lasting security, stability, and development. This is especially critical in Africa, where civil conflicts have split countries apart and have undermined development. This problem, however, also exists in many other regions of the world, including the Middle East, South and Northeast Asia, and the Americas. Guinea affirms that sustainable development and democracy are possible only when stability and security have been achieved. Guinea will not leave this conference until a lasting solution to the twin problems of security and stability in West Africa and the rest of the world has been found. Guinea is ready to help any country struggling to achieve these goals.
Ahmed Al-Jouan, Commission One:
In AMMUN I learned how to work with other people from other countries. In this conference I learned how to become a better speaker, defending Guinea’s point of view on world affairs. As an Ambassador I learned how to lead and organize my fellow country delegates. The other delegates in my committee where great delegates because they assumed their responsibilities. I helped other delegates if they needed help. I cooperated with other people to pass resolutions, and reached compromises to pass successful resolutions. I was proud to represent my school at the AMMUN conference. It was a very good experience which I wish to repeat in the future.
Lamia Al-Loughani, Commission Two:
Ahmed was a great ambassador to me. He dedicated his time, explaining to me important procedure’s and basic information I should concentrate on. During the AMMUN conference I learned so much. I learned how to act as a professional delegate and a diplomat. I learned how to negotiate with others and be self independent. I also learned how to cooperate with people from different countries. It was an amazing experience and I had the time of my life.
Maha Sartawi, Commission Three:
I learned from the AMMUN conference that MUN is much more professional than what I saw in Kuwait. They take it more seriously, and it is more enjoyable. You feel that you are making a change, that you really are a delegate. Me, acting as a real representative of Guinea, I felt the power of it. In AMMUN resolutions are much more interesting than Kuwait. The number of people are less which us better because the chair will let more of us talk although Canada and Japan are the countries which spoke the most!