AMMUN 2003 Resolutions


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Main Submitter Resolutions by Country


Canada:
Mays Al-Sa'ad: Disarmament and Military Expenditure, PASSED GA ONE
Khaled Shahroor: National Sovereignty and UN Charter

Cuba:
Ahmad Al-Shammari: Disarmament and Military Expenditure
Basma Behbehani: Division of Iraq
Amna Al-Sager: Prisoners of War and Extradition,

France:
Khaled Al-Rubei: Stability and Development in West Africa, PASSED GA ONE
Mishal Al-Rashoud: Divsion of Iraq, PASSED GA TWO
Nasser Al-Aujan: Combatting International Terrorism, PASSED GA THREE
Altaf Al-Dukair: African Sustainable Development, Sort of PASSED ECOSOC

Japan:
Hamad Al-Sager: Nuclear North Korea, PASSED GA ONE
Saud Al-Subaie: National Sovereignty
Dheidan Al-Shammari: Genetic Engineering and Screeing
Moh'd Ben Essa: African Sustainable Development, FAILED ECOSOC

Switzerland:
Laila Barghouti: Genetic Engineering and Screening

Syria:
Abdullah Al-Mdaires: Nuclear North Korea, PASSED GA ONE

Turkmenistan:
Bader Al-Mailem: Division of Iraq, PASSED GA THREE

Uganda:
Muneera Al-Nibari: Combatting Terrorism, PASSED GA THREE

 

 

SUBJECT OF RESOLUTION: The trade-off between the trend of increasing military expenditure and development and the resultant effect in international peace

SUBMITTED TO: Disarmament Commission

SUBMITTED BY: Canada

Recalling that the term "military expenditure" is defined as the act of spending money for armament,

Further recalling that the term "development" refers to the creation of a more balanced and economically independent society, and that the term "international peace" refers to relations between sovereign states arrived at usually by agreements or treaties made to end hostilities,

Bearing in mind the information that since 1997 military expenditure in Africa have increased 22%, as documented by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SPRI),

Taking into consideration the World Bank's finding that even though it has restricted Uganda and other nations to devote two percent of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to military spending, from four to 40% of it is devoted to military expenditures,

Fully alarmed that, according to SPRI, many African countries, which are also spending most of their GDP on armament have developing by no more than one percent after 1997 and the lives of every 1.7 child will be needlessly lost because their governments have failed to reduce poverty levels,

Deeply disturbed by the fact that weapons purchased by developing African countries have been used by children in wars in which two million people died, 12 million left homeless, more than 1 million children orphaned or separated from their parents, and 10 million people psychologically traumatized,

Declaring that even though less than one per cent of what the world spends every year on weapons could be spent to put every child in school, there is no substantial move in this direction,

Having studied that African countries, which are spending a large percentage of their GDPs on armament, get almost all of their non-military needs paid for by aid from industrialized nations,

Recognizing the potential threat to international security, as reported by www.globalissues.org that a certain industrialized nation spends $396.1 each year on military technology, which gives it the power to destroy the world many times over,

Emphasizing that since 1980 the United Nations has adopted at least twenty resolutions intended to reduce world military expenditures, but none have been effective partly because the budget of the United Nations is a fraction of what the entire world spends on preparations for war,

1. Calls upon the UN Secretary-General to authorize the creation of a sub-organization of the International Bank for Reconstruction Development, to be named the Organization for Sustainable Development and World Peace (OSDWP), and whose members will:
A. Consist of one hundred trained accountants to be elected, and whose salaries will be decided, by the General Assembly,
B. Meet each other regularly to consider how to use financial incentives to encourage states to both increase funding of sustainable development and reduce their military budgets,
C. Inform the Secretary-General and the General Assembly every six months of all OSDWP recommendations for appropriate actions, including loan or aid programs tied to the specific goal set out in sub-clause B.
D. Have these recommendations approved by the Secretary-General, and ratified by a majority vote of the General Assembly,
E. Have an organizational headquarters to be decided by a General Assembly vote;

2. Further resolves that the OSDWP's accountants will:
A. Study, on the basis of direct investigation and reports from UN agencies, the World Bank Group, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), developing countries' economic status, rates of development, commitments by their governments to both development and disarmament, their yearly aid donations, and which organizations grant the aid,
B. Divide the countries they evaluate and other countries in the world into five groups, which will be:
1. Group A: major powers that have strong defenses and have been known suppliers of economic aid to developing countries in the past,
2. Group B: poor countries with GDPs largely devoted to military spending and have low rates of development dependent almost solely on aid from Group A,
3. Group C: countries with civil wars that need weaponry for self-defense,
4. Group D: countries at war with one another country,
5. Group E: peaceful and neutral countries that do not need any assistance, disregard the World Bank's two percent restriction rule, and place different restrictions on country in Group B depending their different circumstances, as determined in the reports,
C. Review the progress of countries under restriction every six months to confirm if the percentage of their GDP spent on weapons purchases, has risen or fallen,
D. Countries in Group C will not be put under any restriction by the OSDWP, and OSWDP officials will recommend that they receive more foreign aid;

3. Proclaims that the OSDWP will send investigators to check restricted Group B countries, and the organization will recommend in its semi-annual report to the General-Secretary and the General Assembly that they are "rule-breakers" if they:
A. Spend more money for military-related purposes than permitted under OSDWP guidelines, B. Use aid from donor states for purchasing military technologies and supplies, C. Fund organizations designated as terrorist groups by UN specialized agencies and international law enforcement agencies, D. Violate the human rights of prisoners and civilians during war, E. Employ children, in addition to adults, in military and paramilitary forces;

4. Emphasizes that rule-breakers will receive the following consequences:
A. The OSDWP will recommend to the office of the Secretary-General and to the General Assembly that they not approve of UN aid being given to them,
B. The OSDWP will recommend to injured states that they bring suit against rule-breakers in the International Court of Justice;

5. Calls for the OSWDP to ask Group A countries to decrease their military expenditures a small percentage and spend it on development assistance for Group B countries instead, and in addition the OSDWP:
A. Will base these percentages on its studies so that the legitimate defense expenditures of Group A countries will not be negatively affected,
B. Will encourage injured states to bring suit against Group D countries in the ICJ,
C. Will give testimony in such ICJ suits against Group D countries,
D. Will not recommend restrictions on Group E countries because they are not threats to regional, or global stability,
E. Will not recommend that donor states, or institutions, give economic assistance to Group E countries as they do not need economic aid;

6. Confirms that the OSDWP will control the aid given by Group A countries to Group B countries in the following manner: donor nations, or institutions, will give financial or technical aid to the OSDWP, which will decide if that assistance should be transferred to the developing country in question, or returned to the donating party or, if the donor wishes, used to facilitate the development process in another Group B country;

7. Further recommends that the OSDWP take into consideration any suggestions from any concerned country or arm of the World Bank Group which would make it a more productive and successful policy research organization,

8. Declares accordingly that the OSWDP will not recommend violating the national sovereignty of countries, unless it finds it absolutely necessary.

 

 

SUBJECT OF RESOLUTION: The conflict between national sovereignty and the right of the international community to intervene in the domestic affairs of other countries.

SUBMITTED TO: Special Political and Decolonization Commission

SUBMITTED BY: Canada

Defining national sovereignty as certain laws and rights a country has a right to have,

Reminding that two countries have lost their national sovereignty in the past three years,

Deploring the fact that countries that have lost their national sovereignty have hindered not only politically, but also financially and socially,

Fully alarmed by the fact that a country defies UN laws and takes the rights of other countries,

Taking note of the game which certain countries play were they use national sovereignty as a shield for their bad actions,

Further deploring the fact that national sovereignty is separating people rather than uniting them under one country,

1. Declares accordingly that the UN General Assembly form a sub-organization called the United Nations Sovereignty Group (UNSG), which will:
A. Consist of one representative of each member country of the UN,
B. Investigate all UN member states to ensure they are not violating the sovereignty of any other nations,
C. Take action by placing constraints on the countries that do not respect national sovereignty by obtaining the approval of a 60% majority of the General Assembly;

2. Proclaims that any UN member state that must wage war of any type against other sovereign states must do the following:
A. Submit all evidence it has to prove the compelling need to attack another country to the General Assembly, in the hope of securing a 60% majority vote of approval in that organ,
B. Then submit a resolution to the UN Security Council, which will state:
i. why the countries in question want to attack another country,
ii. when the countries in question will attack another country,
iii. what the countries will do after the war is over,
C. Submit a war powers resolution, along with evidence, to the Security Council in the hope of also securing 60% majority vote approving the military action, and the veto power enjoyed by permanent members of the Security Council will be disregarded so that all Security Council countries get a fair vote;

3. Resolves that if any UN country disobeys these rules it will receive punishment in these three consecutive steps:
A. The country will be fined a significant money amount each day it is in contempt of the Security Council, this money will be:
i. decided upon by the General Assembly if this resolution passes,
ii. given to the UN budget to upgrade and supplement its sub-organizations,
B. If the country still persists in disobeying the laws, the fines will still apply,
C. If the country still is in contempt, it will then be expelled from the UN, and will no longer be under the UN's protection, or helped by any of its sub organizations;

4. Approves UN member countries taking military actions only in the following cases if these actions had been approved by the means stated in clause 2:
A. If a country is illegally attacked by another, then the former country has the right to use military force in its self-defense,
B. If a country misuses its rights to harm other countries, and uses sovereignty as a cover for its actions,
C. If a country violates the national sovereignty of another country without going through the procedure and getting the approval of the United Nations.

 

 

Issue: The trade-off between the trend of increasing military expenditure and development, and the resultant effect on international peace

Submitter: CUBA Ahmad Al Shammari

COMMISSION: Disarmament

Condemns the fact that according to United Nations estimates, the cost of universal access to basic health care services would be 25 billion dollars a year, that is 3% of the 800 billion dollars currently devoted to military expenditures,

Recalling that according to the World Bank "the millennium development goals will not be met without additional aid and warns that absolute poverty will increase in Africa. in sub-Saharan Africa, the numbers in poverty will rise from 315m to 404m" IMF/World Bank meeting in Washington, Steve Shifferes,

Aware that according to the UNICEF Angola, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Somalia and Yemen has for many years spent more on their military than they have on their people's education and health,

Further Noting that United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has estimated that redirecting just one quarter of developing countries' military expenditure could have provided the additional resources to implement most of the year 2000 program: primary health care for all, immunization of all children, elimination of severe malnutrition, provision of safe drinking water for all, universal primary education, reduction of illiteracy, and family planning.

Further Recalls that according to Patricia Adams in Odious Debt, " that Africa's poorest country, Ethiopia, spent nearly nine per cent of its GNP on arms — more than twice that spent on education and eight times that spent on health care. Other war-torn African countries such as Angola and Mozambique spent up to half the public budget on the war effort",

Condemns the fact that according to the UNICEF "high military expenditures leads to budget deficit reductions and non-development expenditures. This seems an extremely short-sighted policy,

1. Creates a committee called the MEAD (Military Expenditure Authorized Decrease committee that will be under the United Nations Budget Committee which will:
A. Have experts of all expertise needed with diverse nationalities. All chosen by the UN.
B. Have the HQ in Geneva.
C. Use a budget will be derived from the IMF and the UNBC;

2. Resolves that there will be requirements for entering the MEAD committee which are:
A. Each country should make an absolute cap of 5% of countries GDP on military expenditures
B. The MEAD will judge whether the country is allowed to enter or not based on some other requirements needed afterwards;

3. Assures that the MEAD will do the following:
A. Give out matching grants of money for each 1% increase in the Health or Education in the Country’s GDP
i. the increases matching grants will start be measured from 2002
ii. if a country increases 1% in either the educational or health service’s GDP, the MEAD will pay for another 1%,
iii. those sums of money will be given BY the UNICEF and WHO, where they will OVERSEE THE USAGE BY that country
B. Judge whether government are entitled to get matching grants by many criteria such as
i. Financial needs
ii. Military needs
C. Grant a yearly award for any country that increases its educational GDP or the Health Service GDP more than 5%, this award will be a million dollars
D. Come up with new ideas to develop countries;
E. Grant special exceptions to this cap based on military necessity,

4. Further assures that any country that will not lower or adjust its military expenditures on at most 5%, the MEAD will do the following steps:
A. Issue Warnings from the MEAD on the consequences of the country’s neglecting to comply,
i. The MEAD will cut aid from the IMF/World Bank organizations,
ii. The MEAD will expel the country from the MEAD committees;

5. Requests that the WHO and the UNICEF to build projects and improve health care and education in countries by using the checks given to those countries. The steps of development will be:
A. Specialized committees in the WHO and UNICEF; they will research what is needed in those countries.
B. The planning committees in both the UNICEF and WHO; they will plan the implementation of projects fulfilling those needs,
C. The WHO and the UNICEF committees that are involved in the plan. the plan will be implemented if and only if the country agrees to have the WHO and UNICEF build it.

 

 

Delegation:Cuba

Delegate:Basma Behbehani

Issue: The division of Iraq and the possible establishment of political autonomy along religious and national lines.

Commission Two: Decolonization

Defines the division of Iraq, as the 3 major ethnic groups have their own area/country,

Further Defines political autonomy, as political independence, in which all ethnic groups’ religion and practices would be separately independent,

Bearing in Mind the conflicts between Sunni’s, Shii’s, and Kurds that have threatened neighbors,

Having considered that Iraqis have a strong sense of nationalism, a fair educated populace, and a good developed economy (than Afghan),

Viewing With Appreciation all countries that are against the war of Iraq, and supporting US,

Deeply concerned on the fact that the US is still in Iraq and yet have not solved the government problem and that it might want to take over Iraq’s oil resources,

Taking in Consideration the division of the 3 major ethnic groups will highly decrease the conflicts in Iraq and threat to neighbors,

_________________________________________________________

1. Calls upon all countries to support and help Iraq with it’s division by supporting such organization;

2. Declares that the Iraqi Division Committee (IDC) will include:
A. A General Assembly Committee:
1. 10 country members
2. Assigned by the United Nations Secretary General
3. These members will not be permanent but will serve a 2 year term
B. Members from The World Bank, The International Monetary Fund and Interpol

3. Notes that the committee will
A. Have its headquarters in France
B. Hold meetings every 3 months and have an emergency meeting whenever the President finds it’s important to do so
C. Have a president President will be assigned in rotation as to ensure fairness

4. Affirms that this committee will upon being established will:
A. Define the importance of Iraq’s division
B. Create and update a list of the ethnic groups’ plans of how they’ll live alone in which they’ll start their own country

5. Resolves that IDC will be :
A. Consisted of political experts that are familiar with current state of Iraq
B. In charge of:
I. dividing the country fairly,
II. They’ll divide the country according to the ethnic group,
a. The size will be according to the population,
III. voting:
a. Each group will have a leader chosen by the people via fair voting,
IV. Preventing any interference between groups,
V. Developing Iraq,
VI. Monitoring all actions taken by representatives, and is able to intervene if necessary

6. Further Resolves that each country:
A. Will be responsible of creating their own money and economy,
B. Will create its own military forces;

7. States that IDC will be in charge of making sure:
A. Each country minds its own business
B. If a country violates the rules they’ll receive a penalty just as any other country that threaten its neighbor;

8. Insures that IDC will make sure that each country runs normally just as any other peacekeeping country;

9. Urges all representatives to maintain peace and to work for the benefit of the country not the group;

10. Emphasizes other countries to send any political experts to IDC to help in Iraq’s development.

 

 

Delegation: Cuba

Delegate: Amna Al-Sager

Question of: Defining and modifying the rights of prisoners of war and the scope of extradition law.

Committee Three: Legal

Defines terrorism as a crime and all that are accused of terrorism as people accused of a crime,

Defines undefined persons {meaning whom?}, according to m-w.com, as people that are being accused of crimes and are being held and imprisoned inhumanely without the right of a fair trial,

Defines extradition law as the legal surrender of a fugitive to the jurisdiction of another state, country, government for trial, as defined by dictionary.com,

Reminds all nations that the War against terrorism is an official War and all who are accused or are involved with this issue have been described as POWs or people in a supposed war against terrorism,

Notes that extradition laws only deal with criminals and fugitives, as stated by dictionary.com,

Points out that the more legal definition of Extradition, as defined by the ‘Letric Law Library’, is "The surrender by one state to another of a person charged with a crime. This surrender is made in response to the demand of the latter state that the accused be returned to face the charge,"

Condemns the use of old-fashioned torture techniques to force confessions out of prisoners being held without charge at the Guantanamo Bay military prison, as stated by Makka Time,

Appalled by the inhumane treatment in Guantanamo, as stated by BBC new, proven by the fact that They cited physical abuse and sleep deprivation, and also pointed to a number of deaths and attempted suicides in custody,

Applauds the US for trying to solve the issue or terrorism and trying to protect the world from terrorists, as said by Castro, but is sad to say that the US is taking,

Notes that the former President of the US, Jimmy Carter, according to Jonathon Pitsburn's interview with CNN, agrees with Castro regarding the wrongness of what is happening in Guantanamo Bay,

Deeply Saddened by the large number of Palestinians, as stated by Al-Jazeera news, that are being secretly imprisoned in Israeli military bases and are treated without the slightest sense of sympathy,

Draws attention to "A broad coalition of former US federal judges, diplomats, military officials and human rights advocates, As stated by Makka Time, who have urged the Supreme Court to review the case of the detainees held at Guantanamo Bay and elsewhere in the name of terrorism",

Further Notes the importance of the clauses that deal with POWs from the Geneva Convention, as stated by the Press Secretary of the White House, and the vitality of following these clauses,

1. Urges all nations who haven’t signed the Geneva Convention to do so and follow all clauses that deal with TRUE POWs,

2. Resolves the formation of a Sub Organization under the UNHRC called the United Nations Prisoners of War and Suspects sub-organization (UNPOWS) which will:
A. Have the place of its headquarters decided once this resolution passes;
B. Have two branches in each continent;
C. Have enough staff members including observers for the trials of accused individuals;
D. Receive detailed monthly reports from countries regarding citizens that were not able to be tracked down and are suspected to be imprisoned in another country, after the country has already done the following:
I. Investigated in every way possible the location of the individual within the country,
II. Interviewed relatives and friends of the individual to help find the status of the individual’s life to help find him/her,
III. Researched where the individual was last seen and contact the country, asking them to cooperate in finding this individual,
E. Assign investigators to investigate the location of the missing individuals,
F. Negotiate with the country holding POWs to send investigators to make sure that all POWs are receiving their rights as stated by the Geneva Convention,
G. Report any countries that don’t agree or violate the rights they signed to on the Geneva Convention to the Security Council to take action;
H. Send investigators to military bases or camps that hold accused criminals and make sure that they are treated humanely as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,
I. Submit a monthly report to the secretary General and the Security Council regarding all issues and trials that the UNPOWS has dealt with during that month;

3. Further resolves that the UNPOWS will hold a meeting in its headquarters to:
A. Discuss and solve all arising issues including the expansion of the sub-organization;
B. Discuss certain trials that seem to be unfair or biased,
C. Discuss the need of a re-trial of cases that seemed to be unfair and biased and send a report regarding the re-trial to the secretary General,
D. Discuss incentives to be given to cooperating countries,

4. Calls upon the formation of a Universal Extradition Law that will:
A. Apply to criminals that are located and captured outside their country of citizenship,
B. Be structured as follows,
I. Allow countries that request the return of their captured citizen to retrieve that citizen immediately if they accept the conditions that they must give them a fair trial in front of their court of justice, under the observation of a UN observer who will determine the fairness of the trial, and then they are allowed to sentence the person as seen suitable;
II. Make sure that the country that is holding a captured prisoner HOLD (this wording makes sure they can't simply IGNORE the crime) a fair trial for the person under their court of justice with the observation of a UN observer no more than two weeks after the date of capture;
III. Make sure that the hosting country treats the prisoners humanely and applies the clauses stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights regarding the treatment of these individuals,

5. Further requests that all prisoners who are being imprisoned outside their country without the right to a fair trial as a result of suspicion are to be defined as individuals accused of a crime, in order for the universal extradition law to apply upon them.

 

 

Forum: Disarmament: Khaled Al-Rubei

Issue: Maintenance of international security: good neighborliness, stability and development in West Africa

Delegation: France

Commission One: Disarmament

Defines West Africa as a region of western Africa between the Sahara Desert and the Gulf of Guinea,

Pointing out that according to Reuters the RUF (Revolutionary United Front) in Tongo Field in Liberia has carried out extensive illicit diamond mining and they are delaying the disarmament process of Liberia and intensifying the conflict,

Notes that according to Reuters "Ivory Coast cocoa beans supply has been tightened as a result of the cocoa being smuggled into Ghana to support rebel groups,"

Guided by the International Crisis Group April 2002 Report that "Liberia holds the key to regional stability,"

Deeply concerned about the financial difficulties that the ECOWAS forces continue to face such as the peace keeping ECOWAS troops that were supposed to replace French forces in Ivory Coast and they are yet to arrive as a result of lack of funds according to ECOWAS,

Alarmed by the fact that Charles Taylor is still playing a major role in Liberia for example he tried to loot revenues form diamonds and timber according to a UN panel monitoring sanctions against Liberia,

Further Notes that the UN has had many reports of rebels being funded by the illicit diamond trade in Sierra Leone according to UNAMSIL,

Deeply disturbed by the fact that the casualty count in the conflict of Liberia, Ivory Coast, Guinea and Sierra Leone is greater than 2,000,000 casualties,

Congratulates the efforts of the Security Council on the Oil-for-Food Iraq program which was a very efficient and successful program,

_____________________________________________________________________

1. Requests that the Security Council impose "special" sanctions on the nations of Sierra Leone, Liberia and the Ivory Coast where these "special" sanctions will:
A. Require the two nations of Sierra Leone and Liberia to stop importing diamonds and timber,
B. Require the Ivory Coast to stop importing cocoa,
C. Only allow the UN to sell the commodities for the nations;

2. Further Requests that the UN:
A. Take the commodities and sell them,
B. Create the West African Peace Fund (WAPF) from the profits of selling the diamonds and cocoa;

3. Resolves the formation of the West African Peace Organization (WAPO) which will be headquartered in NIGERIA (probably); it will:
A. Insure peace and development in the region through:
I. Employing peace keeping troops,
II. Financially aiding governmental improvements,
III. Overseeing democratic elections,
IV. Helping the UN with its arms embargo,
V. Include all ECOWAS members as its own members,
B. End the exploitation of natural resources by rebel groups through:
I. Employing troops,
II. Blockading all illegal exports,
III. Penalizing all firms who invest in illegal exports,
IV. Penalizing nation who allow their borders be open to smugglers,
C. Hold peace talks:
I. Between different parties in a civil war or a conflict,
II. That must involve rebel groups in them to insure all sides are being represented;

4. Further Requests that the WAPF will be distributed as such:
A. 40% of the fund will go back to the nations for their own development,
B. 60% of the fund will be used to fund WAPO,
C. The 40% will not be spread evenly between the three nations but each nation will be given their share according to how much money was earned from their own commodity;

5. Calls Upon WAPO to send bi-annual reports to the UN where the Security Council will make sure that WAPO is operating in an unbiased and credible way;

6. Reminds that WAPO is not a UN organization but it is a regional organization that is affiliated with the UN;

7. Further Resolves that WAPO will:
A. Only be a temporary UN affiliated organization,
B. Become an independent regional organization and be integrated into ECOWAS when the UN Security Council finds that it is credible and unbiased in performing its duty;

8. Trusts that the "special" sanctions will be removed from the nations of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Ivory Coast after the WAPO is integrated into ECOWAS.

 

 

Resolution

Delegation: France

Delegate: Mishal S. Al Rashoud

Commission: GA Two,

Issue: The division of Iraq and the possible establishment of political autonomy along religious and national lines.

Stressing the need for the United Nations to play a key role in the reconstruction of Iraq, and that no one country can fulfill this role,

Emphasizing the importance of reestablishing the unity and effectiveness of international action to assist Iraq,

Notes with deep concern that Iraq is now in a state of chaos and political unrest and no new policies have been developed to effectively deal with this situation,

Bearing in mind that the current situation in Iraq has lead to an increase in terrorist attacks, internally and externally,

Noting with deep regret the delay in handing over more power and responsibility to Iraqi organizations, bodies, and institutions such as the Iraqi Governing Council and recently appointed ministers,

Aware of the fact that the training of the Iraqi National Army and Police Force must be accelerated in order to reestablish lasting security,

Realizing that an appropriate division of responsibilities more respectful of Iraqi sovereignty will be more effective in establishing domestic security,

1) Resolves that the UN with the specific involvement of the UNDP lead the rebuilding of Iraq which would entail:
A) the five permanent members of the Security Council playing an equal role in this effort while all other UN member states would be strongly encouraged to participate as much as possible in this process,

2) Further resolves that the Iraqi Governing Council and recently appointed ministers would be the guardians of Iraqi sovereignty during the transition period, and in a later proposed deadline an interim Iraqi government could be established based on these bodies with executive powers progressively transferred to it until a new government is elected such as:
A) economic and budgetary activities,
B) legislative authority,
C) judicial powers,
D) law enforcement authority

3) Proposes a personal envoy of the UN Secretary-General would be mandated to organize consultations with existing Iraqi institutions and the coalition authorities to gather support from the states of the region and this envoy would report back to the UN and:
A) propose a timetable for the gradual transfer of powers to the interim government,
B) recommend different means for completing this political transformation;

4) Further proposes that this deadline should provide all the stages of a constitutional process with the aim of presenting a draft text within a reasonable time frame in order that a general election could be envisioned as soon as possible in order to elect a government comprised of:
A) all ethnic and religious groups with each minority have limited self-rule in a federation system ruled by a central government,
B) a leader who is chosen by the people and who will insure equal rights to all groups of the population;

5) Advocates that as soon as Iraqi sovereignty is reestablished an international conference could be convened with the aim of reestablishing unity and effectiveness of international action to assist Iraq and this conference would deal with:
A) all problems linked to the country’s reconstruction,
B) security matters which will be made with the contributions of the future UN forces,
I) the training of the police force and military,
C) defining commitments concerning economic aid and other means to get the Iraqi administration functioning properly.

 

 

Delegate: Naser Al-Aujan

Country: Republic of France

G.A.: Three- Legal

Issue: Measures to legally combat international terrorism and the growth of supra-national terrorist groups.

Defining legally as "In a legal manner," and defining legal as "One that is in accord with certain rules or laws,"

Defining terrorism as "The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or governments, often for ideological or political reasons,"

Noting that according to Greg Miller, Los Angeles Times nearly 10% of the prison population at the US. Navy base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba were deemed to be of no intelligence,

Aware of that according to an officer at Guantanamo Bay Maximum Security Prison Many Guantanamo Bay prisoners are farmers,

Bearing in mind that according to the British Broadcasting Center (BBC) members of the European Parliament urge the United States Government to give Guantanamo Bay detainees a fair trail,

Regretting that according to the Guardian Daily Newspaper US refuses to give Guantanamo terrorists suspects a fair trail,

Recognizing that according to the American Broadcasting Center (ABC) about 660 prisoners are in Guantanamo Bay prison, they have not been tried or convicted of any offense but are being held as part of what the US calls its war on terror,

Noting that according to the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) Guantanamo Bay prisoners have no rights, not even human rights,

1. Resolves the creations of a UN sub-committee called the United Nations Committee to Legally Combat Terrorism (UNCLCT), headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland;

2. Further Resolves that the members of the UNCLCT will consist of 2 members from each UN member country, and its main goals are to:
A. Amend the UN charter,
B. Amend the Human Rights charter,
C. Create a data base regarding terrorism and terrorists from information form member countries,
D. Help draft new international laws regarding terrorism;

3. Resolves the formation of the International Court of Terrorism (ICT) which will become a part of the ICJ and will be headquartered in The Hague;

4. Further Resolves that the ICT will consist of 6 judges, each three will be elected by the GA every two years, and its main goals are to:
A. Help draft new international laws regarding terrorism,
B. Prosecute any terrorist which has been captured by any UN member country,
C. Prosecute any country suspected of housing terrorism,
D. Hold a special session to instantly resolve any terrorism related dispute that is not resolved within one year;

5. Decides that the UNCLCT and the ICT will both draft an international law regarding terrorism during 6 months, which will include:
A. The rights of terrorists that have been captured before being prosecuted,
B. The sentence that the captured terrorist will get after proven guilty of the crime of terrorism,
C. The place of imprisonment of the terrorist;

6. Further decides that the law created by the ICT and the UNCLCT will be posted on the internet of the official United Nations Website (http://www.un.org), and print simplified versions of this law on pamphlets and distribute them in member counties;

7. Notes that the UNCLCT will publics a monthly "Terrorism Black List" that will include:
A. Countries suspected of helping terrorist groups and encouraging terrorism,
B. Countries that have been proven to house terrorist organization, it will be proven through:
I. When a UN member state suspects another country of terrorism, the UNCLCT will send agents, with the countries approval, to inspect the claims,
II. An ICT trial will be held between the suspecting nation and the suspected nation,
III The 6 judges will decide based on the evidence presented will whether the suspected nation is a nation that houses terrorism,
IV. No action will be taken before the suspected nation is formally charged with housing terrorism,
C. Countries that do not cooperate with the UNCLCT and the ICT,
D. Countries that do not abide by the International Terrorism Law;

8. Further Notes that the Terrorism Black List will be publish on the UN web page and the UNCLCT will send this list to every country and send it to their permanent mission to the UN.

 

 

Commission: ECOSOC

Delegation: France

Delegate: Altaf Al-Dukair

Question of: The role of the United Nations system in supporting the efforts of African countries to achieve sustainable development.

Defining sustainable development according to the Brundtland report, as a global approach "that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs",

According to Nelson Mendella, "I dream of the realization of the unity of Africa, whereby its leaders combine in their efforts to solve the problems of this continent. I dream of our vast deserts, of our forests, of all our great wildernesses",

According to deputy senate president, Dr. Mantu, "Corruption is the biggest problem in the World and we Africans are greedily corrupt. The whole thing is not worth it and not until people say no to it then there is no way forward,"

Noting the efforts of the SADA, NEPAD, W.B.O, WHO and many other nations who are dedicated in resolving disputed issues in Africa,

Noting with deep concern that children in Africa are not able to continue elementary or even preschool; and are dropping out of school at an abnormally fast rate, according to WB,

According to the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2003, South Africa’s CPI 2003 score is 4.4 and is ranked the 48th most corrupt government,

Alarmed by the deteriorating Economic condition and excessive poverty in Africa,

Taking into consideration the slow process of developmment in Africa and the increasing number of undeveloped countries,

_____________________________________________________________________

1) Recommends the further establishment of an organization called the UNASDA (United Nations Aid in Sustainable Development in Africa), and this organization should be carried out by:
A) Assigning a head quarter in Africa, Nigeria, New York and Geneva
B) Maintaining the accounts of each African country in the World Bank Organization through the selected experts,
C) Establishing a sub-committee of 15 trained mediators to be:
i) Experts to follow though legal doctrines to maintain the efficiency of the accounts of each African county,
ii) Experts with at least 10 years of experience in a similar field and mediation skills are required,

2) Resolves that if 2 countries are involved in dispute, they should:
A) Request for a mediation that both parties must request,
B) Submit their financial records to the UN to keep them updated on their current situations,
C) Submit a health record of the countries in question,

3) Urges that if 2 countries agree to mediation it would be carried out by:
A) Receive an increase, in WHO funding, which will be decided by the WHO and the ICJ sub-committee,
B) Receive an agreement upon settlement of their internal and external dispute,
C) Violation in terms of agreement by any of the conflicting partners results in the following:
i) All additional funding to the country that violates the agreement would be cut,
ii) The matter would be referred to the Security Council, regarding whether it’s a national or civil dispute, to further attempt to resolve this conflict,

4) Calls upon the collaberation of the two conflicting sides and the mediation comitte,

5) Further resolves that IF either/both countries that refuses to take place in mediation, then arbitration would be carried out by:
A) Someone deciding in Geneva to submit in arbitration,
B) If/when both countries agree to arbitration, to arbitrator will further attempt to resolve this issue,
C) Limit time span for arbitration;

6) Strongly urges that either/both sides that do not agree to arbitration, it would affect the either/ both countries by:
A) If the governments of either/both countries don’t agree, then there will be Economic embargo,
B) If neither the government nor the rebels agree to arbitration, all funds to both countries will be cut,
C) If either side does not follow the arbiter’s instructions, it would be referred to the Security Council,

7) Appreciating the efforts of the panel, which are staffed UN representatives, UN Aid representatives, the IMF and WBO representatives, by providing up to half percent of their countries GDP for the most improved corrupt countries.

 

 

Issue: The containment of the risk of nuclear proliferation in North Korea.

Submitted By: Japan

Submitted To: Disarmament

Student: Hamad Al-Sager

Defining, nuclear proliferation as "an act of obtaining nuclear weapons in a specific country,"

Noting that, according to US. defense official Gerry J. Gilmore, North Korea is also developing more powerful ballistic missiles – which could be used to carry nuclear, biological or chemical payloads,

Alarmed that, according to KCNA’s English translation, the North Korean spokesman declared that North Korea was "successfully reprocessing more than 8,000 spent fuel rods at the final phase as we sent interim information to the US. and other countries concerned early in March after resuming our nuclear activities from December last year,"

Proclaiming that, according to Rebecca MacKinnon, CNN Tokyo Bureau Chief, North Korea has already sent signals through Chinese diplomats that if Japan or other countries raise the abduction issue at the Beijing talks that would hinder progress on the nuclear issue -- another North Korean threat which many here in Japan fear will be accommodated",

Asserts that, North Korea has directly stated that it has abducted 13 Japanese citizens whom 8 are allegedly believed dead from natural causes or suicide, and 5 are currently visiting Japan,

Condemning, North Korea for the development of Taepodong-2 missiles with a range of up to 6,000 kilometers, according to defense ministry analysts,

Further Asserting, that the longest range missile currently deployed by North Korea is the No Dong missile, with an estimated range of 1,300 kilometers for a payload of about 700 kg which could be used to carry Nuclear Warheads and could be targeted all over Japan, South Korea, and other parts of neighboring countries,

Affirms that, having nuclear weapons in the hands of Kim Jong Il is a national threat to North Korea, along with chemical and biological weapons too whom puts North Korea in deep trouble,

Draws to attention, that Japan may be compelled to the development of nuclear weapons for self defense if North Korea continues to not dismantle its nuclear weapons program,

Comments that, according to WARREN P. STROBEL and MICHAEL ZIELENZIGER from, Knight Ridder Newspapers, the United States, with the coalition of Japan and S. Korea, agreed to supply fuel and oil and help North Korea construct light-water nuclear power reactors that posed less of a proliferation risk in return that North Korea abides with the Agreed Framework of 1994,

Taking into consideration, that the US. has put some obligations in hand while signing the mutual defense treaty with Japan such as having forces stationed in Japan for its own security, and securing trade links that may threaten World Peace, etc.…,

1. Calls, for the establishment of an extensive joint military force in Japan that will:
A) Will be trained in the case of a nuclear attack,
B) Help in securing the trade links between North Korea and its neighboring countries, making sure that the sanctions imposed upon North Korea ARE being implemented and make sure that North Korea is not receiving supplies that may help in the production of missiles and nuclear weapons,
C) Will be located in mostly the closest countries of North Korea, concentrating in Japan and South Korea,
D) They will consist of Japanese, South Korea, and American soldiers,
E) The name will be: The East Asia Peace Force,
F) This peace force will basically support refugees from North Korea if North Korea falls apart;

2. Further calls, for a non-aggression treaty to be signed and ratified by North Korea and the United States of America that:
A) Guarantees that the United States of America will not attack North Korea if and only if it dismantles its entire Nuclear program,
B) Guarantees that North Korea will not in any way use any kind of force in or at Japan;
C) Guarantees that North Korea and the US. will not sell out Japan which will call for experts in nuclear technology to observe the dismantling of the nuclear program which will insure that the process is being completed;

3. Draws Attention to, the necessity of deploying an immediate missile defense system
A) The missile defense system will be located all around the neighboring countries,
B) The US. will be in charge of this defense system, for it has the expertise in this matter,
C) The defense system, in any way, will not be used as a tool of attack if North Korea does not attack;

4. Further calls for, North Korea’s certifiable nuclear disarmament
A) North Korea is to dismantle its nuclear program,
B) North Korea is to allow inspectors in after it abides to the request above,
C) If North Korea does comply to this request then it will receive incentives such as:
I) Fuel,
II) Help in the construction of light-water nuclear power reactors that pose less of a proliferation risk,
III) Economic aid,
IV) The lifting of sanctions;

5. Asks For, the return of the Japanese abductees from North Korea.

 

 

Submitted by Japan

Delegate: Saud Al Subaie

Committee: Political/Decol.

Issue: The conflict between national sovereignty and the right of the international community to intervene in the domestic affairs of other countries.

Defining sovereignty as "the freedom and authority of a country to do as it wishes,"

Defining international community as countries that are members of the United Nations,

Noting that no country should ever be intervened with unless there is a justifiable cause for it such as in Bosnia, Iraq, and Afghanistan,

Stating that a justifiable cause is one that if fought for will result in more good than bad, such as removal a dictator, reinforcement of a countries security, ect.

Acknowledging that many countries have had their sovereignty violated over minor issues without any justifiable cause to attempt and come to a mutual agreement with each other such as Japan, China, and North Korea,

Supports the United States for its attempts of stabilizing the situation in Iraq and other countries,

Fully aware of the temporary consequences an invasion of a country may have, the benefits of stabilizing the country have SOMETIMES proven to be worth the loss,

Appreciating the efforts of countries that have has their sovereignty violated and have worked out a mutual agreement with each other,

Alarmed at the unresolved conflicts between countries with violated national sovereignty such as the Diaoyu Islands and Senkaku Islands,

Pointing out that previous organizations and groups have attempted to solve this issue and have failed such as the ICJ and WC,

Further Noting that the five super powers make perfect candidates are judges or jurors to decide what a country should do because of the fact that they are stable powerful countries that are literally THE SUPERPOWERS in the world,

Acknowledging the work of economist Edward Coase, who proved that two parties, if they reason together can find an effect solution to a problem caused by the external negative of one party upon another (EXTERNALITY) more efficiently than if there is outside intervention,

1) Urges countries that have had their national sovereignty violated to hold a meeting with the violator to work out a mutual agreement with the them in which both sides will agree to the requirements;

2) Calls forth the formation of United Nations Security Council Group for Conflict Resolution (UNSCGCR) which will act as a form of the Security Council,
A) Its headquarters will be in assigned when this resolution is passed,
B) Its chairs will be the five super powers,
C) It will include an admission staff of:
I) Secretaries,
II) Historians,
III) Political analysts,
IV) Regional relations experts,
V) Other necessary experts required to gather information and provide sufficient evidence to t the chairs;

3) Clarifies that any country with an issue of violated national Sovereignty to inform the UNSCGCR of the issue and who the persecutor is, and then the UNSCGCR will:
A) Research the issue and view all sides of it,
B) Call upon the countries involved with the issue to attend a meeting to resolve the problem;

4) Proclaiming the aims of the meeting shall be:
A) The two sides of the issue, persecutor and victim, shall come to an agreement between themselves,
I) If needed this agreement will be made with the aid of the chairs taking into account the given evidence and presented cases from both sides,
II) The chairs shall not enforce an agreement, only aid the two sides to the coming on and agreement,
B) The chairs shall not have a biased opinion, choice, or vote in the matter as they are performing as fair and honest judges to the two sides,
C) No misleading, biasing, or stalling evidence or opinion shall be presented that would cause the chairs to favor a side over another unfairly,
D) The two sides, prior to the meeting, will, in writing agree to follow whatsoever solution is found;

5) Further Clarifying that if a conflict arises in a country that requires the intervention of its domestic affairs the UNSCGCR will hold a meeting in which the countries involved will attend, the aims of this meeting will be:
A) Find a solution to the conflict that the country can apply without intervening with the country,
B) If no solution can be found without intervening, the solution that does intervene with the country should have the least consequences on the country,
C) Once a solution is decided upon it will be stated in the form of a resolution, presented and debated, if failed it will be modified to which it can be passed.

 

 

Commission Three: Legal

Delegation: Japan

Issue: International regulations dealing with the use and misuse of genetic engineering and screening.

Student: Dheidan Al-Shammari

Alarmed by according to CBS new Scientists are calling for human cloning to be banned,

Keeping in Mind that the Clonaid organization claimed its cloning of a human being in early 2003,

Bearing in Mind according to the Wednesday Night news that most ethnic groups have only condemned the cloning of humans, not the whole genetic engineering and genetic screening because most moralities and religions do not interfere with genetic screening or engineering yet most of them interfere with human cloning,

Having Received according to Praful Desai, a noted cancer specialist, genetic engineering will increasingly replace the existing tools of surgery or high-dose radiation used in the treatment of cancer in the coming days,

Aware of that genetic screening is a way to make people feel better by replacing their current genes by other genes which will allow them to receive the trait in which they favour leading into population satisfaction and the reduction of hatred rate due to prospective of superiority and therefore reduction of crime, Japan’s clear evidence on this is that everyone would like himself to be the way he like himself to be,

Noting Further that if cloning of humans is completely banned ethnic wars between two parties may be initiated, one part supporting cloning of humans and all other organisms and another party opposing human cloning and all other organisms,

Defining alliteration of the gene, is when the gene carrying a specific trait changes due to a mistake and therefore represents a new trait,

1. Requests that the United nations will specify a percentage of its budget, determined by the general assembly, to support individuals or groups..etc that specialize in genetic engineering and genetic screening to:
A. Research and work on finding new ways to cure genetically inherited diseases,
B. Researching ways to prevent the passage of recessive and dominant traits which will lead into diseases, which may be fatal, and find ways to remove inherited diseases before being passed from the parent to offspring’s,
I. Recessive genes will also be worked on, to be removed because if both the parents carried an un showing trait due to its recessive nature, the probability that the offspring will carry two recessive genes leading into the disease will be 25%,
II. Dominant genes must be worked on to be removed due to the fact that they will control and affect directly, noting that usually dominant harming traits are fatal,
C. To research ways to cure diseases without getting involved in radiation and other painful cures yet instead using genetic engineering to cure diseases,
I. This process can be by adding a bacteria phage or a virus ,which carries genes that do not exist in the humans DNA, to enter the human DNA and will prevent the harmful gene from functioning in a harmful way; this phenomenal is called epitasis, were one gene can affect the other gene,
D. Working on discovering new diseases which are located on genes and determine if they are
I. Sex linked traits or not sex linked
II. The gene causing the disease a recessive trait or a dominant trait
III. Ways to cure them and get rid of their negative affect
E. Working on discovering ways which will prevent harmful gene alliteration and mutation which will cause diseases and working in ways to cure mutations and alliterations affects;

2. Further Requests the formation of a small group called The Bureau of Inspection on Genetic Issues, TBIGI, which will be compromised from genetic engineers which will inspect groups or individuals which are supported by the united nations, if the individual or a group did any of the sub clauses below he/they will be addressed consequences and lose their support by the united nations, the sanctions are:
A. If they conceal some of their discoveries to retain reputation
I. If any employee is responsible the whole group or the single individual will be affected, this sub clause will make individuals and groups more careful concerning their work,
B. If the individuals or groups..etc does/do not perform enough research that satisfies the objectives and aims mentioned in all sub clauses in clause number, one,
C. If the individuals or groups begin working on operations that will lead to genes causing diseases and harmful affects to both human kind and animals,]

3. Further Resolves that the delegation of Japan will donate an island of its precious islands, yet the island will remains under Japanese governing, and allow parties that support the idea of cloning and are attacked heavily in their own countries or are not allowed to clone on their own countries to build research centers on this Japanese Island and freely clone under some rules which are:
A. That all cloned subjects cannot enter Japan without previous authorization from the government,
B. That Japan wont allow any cloned subject to leave the island and depart to another country without the country of final destination previous authorization,
C. If the research center produce any harmful subject and do not inform the United Nations with it and get rid of the harmful object , the research center will be addressed to the ICJ,
D. All research centers and organization will be under inspection by the TBIGI,
E. If any of the sub clauses in this clause are broken the research center or organization will be addressed to the ICJ
I. No individual or group..etc granted a land on this island will have the right to conceal any information from the TBIGI, if information are concealed, the individual or group..etc will lose the right of cloning on the island and will be diverted to the ICJ,

4. Further invites that the United Nations will issue a great reward to the countries, individuals or groups, etc that projects a new way to cure genetically inherited diseases or any other disease using genetics;

5. Encourages that all capable nations donate money to the organizations and research centers which are supported by the United Nations so that they are reinforced even more which will shape their researches in a better way;

6. Have Resolved that this resolution will:
A. Allow all the countries that are welling to ban cloning due to religion and moralities to remove the fear occupying them from facing ethnic wars between the two parties, one supporting cloning in all kinds and another one opposing, because this resolution will deal with this problem smartly,
B. This resolution will support individuals or groups..etc.. to work on discovering remedies for diseases in all kinds which will help all of the countries of the world.
C. Preventing the initiation of war between two well supported parties which carry opposing opinions concerning cloning, one party supports cloning and the other does not, so by allowing the party that support cloning to clone on the Japanese Island no ethnic wars will be initiated in the countries that prevent human cloning,
D. Inherited diseases, and other diseases due to this resolution clauses and sub clauses will eventually decrease in the world

 

 

Name: Mohammed Benessa---Vice Ambassador

Country: Japan

ISSUE: The role of the United Nations system in supporting the efforts of African countries to achieve sustainable development.

Commission: ECOSOC

Defining Supporting as "To bear the weight of, especially from below" according to www.dictionary.com,

Defining Achieve as "To perform or carry out with success; accomplish" according to www.dictionary.com,

Defining Sustainable as "To keep in existence; maintain" according to www.dictionary.com,

Defining Development as "The act of developing" according to www.dictionary.com,

Bearing in mind that some African problems like poverty is preventing African countries to sustain development, these problems are leaving people to die and other to suffer, because without food not a single person can live, stated by this website http://www.mofa.go.jp/region/africa/pmv0101/pmspeech_s.html,

Realizing that settlement of on-going and prevention of future conflicts, strengthening democracy in African countries, will help Africa to sustain development and if not people will keep on dying and that African countries will suffer more and more with the amount of death increasing every day, which states up to twenty or more deaths a day, stated on http://www.codesria.org/Archives/Past%20events/declaration_on__africa.htm,

Taking into Account that China will do its part to help African countries achieve sustainable development and developed countries should also do so, China last year promised to relieve debts of heavily indebted African countries by up to 1.2 billion dollars in two years, http://fpeng.peopledaily.com.cn/200107/18/eng20010718_75266.html,

Recognizing that the problem faced by African countries since desalinization are numerous, internal and external conflicts, refugees and internally displaced peoples, food safety and security, and vast health crisis including the HIV/AIDS, which is causing many African citizens to die or suffer, and these problems are one of the main issues of keeping African countries under developed,

1. Draws attention that assistance to African countries in the UN efforts to achieve sustainable development SHOULD become one of the priorities of the United Nations;

2. Calls upon the UN to funds programs under ECOSOC which are capable of playing an important role in monitoring and analyzing structural risk factors of conflict potential in Africa,

3. Encourages the UN to address the African problems in their broad agenda such issues as just distribution of resources, liquidation of discrimination, elimination of inequality in the situation of various groups of population, promotion of effective legal systems,

4. Further Recommends the UN to facilitate more effective implementation on comprehensive African programs which would combine,
A) On the one hand;
i. activities on demining,
ii. surrender of small arms,
iii. demobilization and reintegration of former combatants and,
B) On the other,
iv. strengthening national governance and democratic institutions,
v. support of socio-economic reforms,
vi. promotion of the rule of law;

5. Strongly Urges all the United Nations member states should support African countries by means of economical, political, humanitarian assistance, since they are the most in need of all the countries world-wide and that they cover one quarter of our world;

6. Requests that the UN should host the citizens of African countries to further develop intellectual capital and the creation of special training programs;

7. Reminds all the nations’ world-wide to prevent the internal and external conflicts and other armed struggles, which might be the cause of under developing countries which have continuous conflicts;

8. Urges the formation of a new organization which will be called African Human Resources Development Fund (AHRDF) which will establish financial contribution with the help of the international community to expend cooperation in human resource development in the African Countries;

9. Congratulates all the organizations (UNDP, NGO’s…etc.) which are contributing in order to help solve this problem, the AHRDF will help these organizations and will focus only on the African problems, and there would be Sub-Organizations if needed;

10. Further resolves that any additional un-stated action will be announced by the UN with the help of other organizations, and the AHRDF will take care and take action to help resolve the problem.

 

 

Submitted by: Switzerland

Question of: International regulations dealing with use and misuse of genetic engineering and screening.

Defining "human cloning" as human asexual reproduction in which genetic material from one person is artificially transferred into a human, thereby beginning the life of a new human individual who has only one parent,

Noting that the world's population is 6,333,109,297 according to U.S. Census Bureau, International Programs Center,

Recalling the Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights adopted by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational. Scientific and cultural Organization on November 1997, and in particular article 11 thereof, which states that practices which are contrary to human dignity, such as the human cloning should not be permitted,

Noting with deep concern that scientists agree that such attempts pose a massive risk of producing children who are stillborn, unhealthy, or severely disabled,

Keeping in mind that because it is an asexual form of reproduction, cloning confounds the meaning of "father" and "mother" and confuses the identity of any cloned child,

Fully aware of the potential for human cloning and genetic enhancement to destroy natural, biological processes as with natural selection,

Fully alarmed that effort to create human beings by cloning mark a decisive step toward turning human reproduction into a manufacturing process in which children are made in laboratories,

Concerned about the serious difficulties of a medical, physical, psychological and social nature that human cloning may be imply for the individuals involved, and it may cause the exploitation of woman,

Deeply concerned that human could be created to create a race of war super fighters to take over the world, and created for a sole organ and then killed

Understanding that we cannot possibly understand all the human rights violations that could occur if these practices became common

Seeking to promote scientific and technical progress in the fields of biology and genetics in a manner respectful of human rights,

Determined to prevent as a matter of urgency such an attack on the human dignity of the individual,

1) Affirms the creation of the Anti-cloning Organization (ACO), which will:
a) Consist of all countries working against cloning and all other countries wishing to join this organization,
b) Head quarters will be located in Geneva, Switzerland, however, the organization will have 4 branches in Asia, 2 in Africa, 2 in Europe, and 6 in South and North America,
c) The headquarters will be elected by members of the organization,
d) Higher number of scientists to work on applying this resolution,
e) Assign workers that will be responsible for the following clauses,
f) Consist of small group which will spread public awareness,
g) Determine the salaries of the staff,

2) Recommends that the task of the ACO, for a start, will:
a) Hold talks and demonstrations and also online socialize activities to bring together ideas and also ideals to people,
b) Publish monthly flyers and procures from recycled paper that are given to citizens for free to enlighten them about the risks of cloning,

3) Requests the professional scientists that are assigned by the ACO to do the following:
a) Follow that progress in scientific and biotechnological developments in the field of genetic and reproductive medicine in order to provide a comparative updated study of trends in the field and their implications,
b) Do researches on alternative technologies such as adult stem cell research,

4) Further Request schools to make workshops for the students to teach them bout cloning and its risks. AOC can help in sending professionals to the schools to hold these workshops.

5) Encourages states and other entities to direct funds that might have been used for humane cloning technologies to pressing global issues in developing countries such as famine, desertification, infant mortality and diseases, including the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(HIV/AIDS)

6) Solemnly affirms that every member in the ACO should have a legislation that contains the following clauses:
a) No person or entity, public or private, shall:
i) Perform or attempt to perform human cloning;
ii) Participate in an attempt to perform human cloning;
iii) Ship or receive the product of human cloning for any purpose;
iv) Import the product of human cloning for any purpose;

7) Calls Upon for the investigators that will be part of the ACO, these investigators are to receive from every country number of births and deaths that occurred in each month. Any suspecting in number of births or missing births or deaths in hospitals records, ACO will investigate in that country it permitted to make sure that no one is cloning illegally,

8) Declares accordingly that:
a) Any person who commits an act in violation of the above clauses shall be punished with minimum of 10 years in prison,
b) Any person or entity that commits an act in violation of the above clauses that involves the derivation of money gain shall be subject to a civil penalty of the greater of:
i) One million dollar; or
ii) And amount equal to twice the amount of the gross money they gained;

 

 

Issue : The containment of the risk of nuclear proliferation in North Korea.

Submitted by: Syrian Arab Republic (Abdullah Al-Mdaires)

Committee: Disarmament

Defining nuclear weapons as "explosive devices designed to release nuclear energy on a large scale," used primarily as means of making war,

Emphasizing that nuclear weapons contain deadly substances which cause serious damages to those exposed to it, as shown when from 70,000 to 80,000 people died, and 40,000 others were injured, as a result of the bombings of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945,

Realizing that nuclear weapons therefore constitute a great threat to global security and there are many Nuclear weapons there are between 5,000-10,000 nuclear weapons in many parts of the world,

Noting that countries that possess nuclear weapons are threats to global peace and security,

Affirming that many countries have facilities that generate nuclear power with the sole intention of producing a dependable source of energy, not components for nuclear weapons,

Reaffirming that the use of nuclear weapons, or the threat to use nuclear weapons, by a state against another state, or other states, violates the principle of national sovereignty,

Noting with regret that US. foreign policy is extending very much in various ways which made the government of the United States of America claim and gives itself the right to unilaterally enter any country without the permission of the UN Security Council, as witnessed by recent events in Iraq,

1. Requests a IAEA sub-organization be formed, called the United Nations Problem Resolution Organization (UNPRO), with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, and which will:
A. Attempt to disarm countries by the help of experienced IAEA negotiators ,
B. Replace all ad hoc commissions, and a standing UN arms control inspection agency whose officials will locate WMDs anywhere in the world and will report its findings to Security Council,
C. Stop all countries from intervening in other countries' affairs by:
I. issuing each country in question a warning,
II. stopping the countries in question in various ways, such as with sanctions imposed by the UN Security Council,
III. submitting the countries in question to the authority of the ICJ, by the help of IAEA member countries in subjecting these countries,

2. Declares accordingly that UNPRO will create such incentives for countries in question to disarm by:
A. Providing them with funds, if needed, to implement the required disarmament action,
B. Ending UN-imposed sanctions that may already be in force against them,
C. Ending UN-imposed embargoes that may already be in force against them;
D. Providing nations with different world technologies in all ways like science and nuclear development,
E. Encouraging other UN specialized agencies to give countries incentives to disarm, like resuming food aid,
F. Trying to find and to stop the nuclear effects by making researches and more investigations in the effect of the Hiroshima bombing,
G. Concentrating on the major world issue which could kill more people and end many continents;

3. Calls for UNPRO, once established, to immediately focus it attention on the arms Control crisis involving the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), neighboring states in Northeast Asia, and the United States by:
A. Recommending the reinstatement of all food aid programs for North Korea that had been temporarily halted,
B. Recommending the abolition of all UN-imposed economic sanctions against North Korea,
C. Recommending that UNPRO weapons inspectors be sent to North Korea,
D. Requiring the United States to withdraw all of its military personnel from the Korean peninsula;

4. Recommends that, if the United States fails to do this, all member nations of the United Nations should organize, and enforce, the following actions:
A. Economic sanctions against the United States,
B. An embargo on trade with the United States;

5. Further resolves that UNPRO and IAEA inspectors sent to North Korea will:
A. Not be US. citizens,
B. Ensure that North Korean nuclear facilities do not produce weapons-grade nuclear material,
C. Ensure that North Korea has not violated UN-sponsored arms control agreements it is a signatory to,
D. Submit a yearly report, approved by North Korean officials, to all UN member states;

6. Calls for a UN-sponsored treaty, whose signatories will include Japan, the People's Republic of China, the Republic of Korea (South Korea), the Russian Federation, and the United States, to have the following conditions:
A. North Korean invasion of South Korea will result in sanctions, administered by the Security Council against North Korea,
B. The consequences of a US. violation of North Korean national sovereignty will end in economic sanctions decided by the SC.

 

 

Delegation: Turkmenistan

Committee Two: Political/Decolonization

Issue: The division of Iraq and the possible establishment of political autonomy along religious and national lines.

Defining political autonomy as political independence in other words a limited form of self-government, like in the US. states have a certain autonomy, which allows them to make their own laws regarding local matters, in international affairs, the Palestinians have been promised autonomy in Gaza, formerly occupied by Israel, autonomy does not usually extend to control over foreign affairs,

Bearing in mind Iraq has various ethnic groups, such as Arabs, Kurdish, Turkomen, Assyrian, and others,

Deeply concerned with minorities since a civil war may happen, after many attempts happened like the assassination of Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir al- Hakim,

Considering that some of the assassinations were not attempted at Americans, just like what happened to Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir al- Hakim, according to William O. Beeman, Director of Middle East Studies at Brown University,

Keeping in mind that the removal of Saddam Hussein without the most careful political and social engineering may result in the breaking apart of Iraq into warring factions that would battle each other for decades, according to past encounters were the Sunnis (Saddam's religion) fought against the Shia in many places in the world,

Notes that the assassination of Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir al-Hakim in Najaf on August 28 is the opening volley in the coming Iraqi Civil War, and past actions such as the bombing of the Kurds during the first gulf war, and the removal of imperative rights from each group (language, education …etc.),

Knowing the distinct identity Iraqi Turkomans is still not officially recognized, they do not figure in national census and linguistic rights are denied even in places where they form the majority of the population, repression under Saddam Hussein’s government is directed at all opposition, distinctive ethnic and religious minorities were specially targeted, lading the violations of the linguistic, cultural and property rights of the Turkomans, according to what Saddam and his regime have done to them while Saddam Hussein’s regime was ruling,

Believing that if Iraq is separated into three parts, Turkomans and Kurds in the north, Arab Sunni in the center, and the Arab Shia in the south, since this is how it is divided in the present time,

According to Jay Garners quotes and others: "That's our role, humanitarian aid. All those tiles are going to be fit by the Iraqi people - at the end of that mosaic hopefully you have a democratic government or a government that at least expresses the freely-elected will of the people. The first thing I think is you don't try to build it in the image of your own country; you open it to the people and you begin a dialogue with the people and let them begin a dialogue with themselves...as you do that, the leaders will emerge and I think they'll take charge;"

Further noting that according to Jay Garner, successful arbiter of the Kurdish state in Northern Iraq: "A democratic Iraq means an Iraq in which all adult citizens have the right to choose their leaders and the mechanisms by which those who lead will exercise the authority entrusted to them; a free and democratic Iraq also means a place where citizens have the right to hear different opinions, voiced openly and legally through a free press and institutions of a free civil society, and respect for the rule of law; building such a democratic system in Iraq may be a lengthy and difficult process, for which we in the international community of democracies must be prepared to offer our support when needed; the democracy that emerges, however, must be and will be the creation of the Iraqi peoples, reflecting their needs and desires,"

1. Resolves a new sub-organization (United Nations Iraqi Development Organization) from the Un shall be created just for the Iraqi issue and the removed after it has done all its duties:
A. It will be consisted of political experts, that are familiar with current state of Iraq,
B. They shall be responsible in dividing the country:
I. They’ll divide it according to the ethnic groups,
a. The groups will not be fully-independent,
b. The size of the land shall be according to the population,
c. All states shall be lead by the country, however any decision taken by the country dealing with a state must be approved by the representatives,
C. They shall be responsible for making votes for each group:
I. Elections will be held in public places,
II. Each group shall have candidates made of pairs,
III. The presidents and Vice-president shall be chosen separately,
IV. To make sure everyone able to vote votes,
D. They will assign all winning members place in the central government:
I. The central government will play a big part in the countries decisions,
E. They will also stop any intervention inappropriate between any groups,
F. They shall help in the development of Iraq in all areas,
G. It shall also be monitoring all of the actions that are taken by the representatives, and is able to intervene if necessary,
H. They shall assist the central government in drafting a constitution:
I. (part of H) All laws must be approved by each group,
II. All laws must not be unfair to any group,
III. All laws will not include anything that opposes a group belief;

2. Further resolves that the president, and vice-president shall be chosen according to the number of the population (the highest number of population will choose the president, and the second highest will choose the Vice-president);

3. Requests that the army shall be co-lead by one of the representatives of each state, in order to prevent any miss use of weapons;

4. States that the country shall be run by the President and all candidates that are chosen, and the laws shall be rewritten by the members of each group in order to make suitable for all groups;

5. Further states that all of the countries resources and income shall be separated fairly to each group,
A. According to population,
B. According to need,
C. If a state needs to develop any of its services then it shall receive more just for the services:
I. This will all be monitored by the UNIDO;

6. Urges all representatives that are to be selected to maintain peace and to work for the benefit of the country not the group;

7. Asks countries to send any political experts to the UNIDO to aid in the development of Iraq;

8. Resolves that all of the points above will be reflected in a new Iraqi Constitution which will guarantee the rights and limited autonomy as described above.

 

 

Committee: Legal.

Delegation: Uganda.

Delegate: Muneera Al- Nibari.

Issue: Measures to legally combat international terrorism and the growth of supra-national terrorist groups.

Bearing in Mind that according to the World Press Review 2003 The Lords Resistance Army's is notorious for its cruelty, it instructs its recruits to cut off victims’ body parts of particular concern is the LRAs focus on child abductions, of which an estimated 20,000 have been carried out in the past decade,

Viewing With Appreciation that the United States and Saudi Arabia acted jointly to block the funds of the Somalia and Bosnia-Herzegovina branches of the Al Haramain Islamic foundation because these branches were diverting charitable funds to terrorism,

Noting With Regret that out of the 132 countries that have signed The International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism only 43 have completed the ratification process, the convention requires all state parties to:
A. Criminalize the funding of terrorist activities under its domestic law,
B. Identify, detect, and seize or freeze funds used or allocated for terrorist purposes,
C. Prosecute or extradite individuals suspected of unlawful and willful involvement in the financing of terrorism,
D. Cooperate with other states parties in the investigation and/or prosecution of such suspects,
E. Ensure that their domestic laws require financial institutions to implement measures that identify, impede, and prevent the flow of terrorist funds,

Alarmed that the Counter-Terrorism Committee is made up of only 15 members of the Security Council,

1. Calls Upon all countries that are members of The International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing to ratify it and all those that haven’t signed to become a part of the convention;

2. Declares that the Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC) will now include:
A. A General Assembly Committee:
I. 0 member countries from the General Assembly,
II. Assigned by the United Nations Secretary General,
III. These members will not be permanent but will serve a 2 year term this term may be extended for certain countries if there is a need to do so,
B. Members from The World Bank, The International Monetary Fund and Interpol;

3. Notes that the committee will:
A. Have its headquarters in Geneva
B. Hold meetings every 6 months and have an emergency meetings at the request of President of The Committee,
C. The seat as this committee's President will be assigned in rotation as to ensure fairness and unbiased,
D. Countries will be brought to the committees attention when it carries out any suspicious clandestine activity,

4. Affirms that this committee will upon being established:
A. Define terrorism and publish it as a clause in the United Nations Charter as to ensure that all member countries understand the meaning of terrorism,
B. Create and update a list of terrorist organizations and terrorist supporting firms,
C. Discuss enhancing international immigration and customs capabilities,

5. Resolves that the Counter-Terrorism Committee along with The World Bank and The International Monetary Fund will:
A. Request the budget of countries suspected of terrorist activities,
B. If the country refuses there will be an external audit using all available records of funding,
C. If it's proven that A country finances terrorists then the CTC, WB, and IMF along with the countries economic and foreign ministers and Central Bank, they will draft a bill that proposes to dry up the financing of terrorist groups;

6. Further Resolves that the Counter- Terrorism Committee along with Interpol will:
A. Work to find terrorist groups and individuals,
B. Work to create an international terrorism database,

7. Declaring a quarantine as punitive isolation from all trade ties and assistance including military,

8. Has Resolved that the Counter- Terrorism committee will deal with:
A. Countries that are cooperative by:
I. Giving grants and loans in accordance with the anti-terrorism proposal, which will include:
1. Why the money is needed,
2. A detailed breakdown of how the money will be spent and a time table,
II. The proposal will be reviewed by the committee that will deal with it as it sees fit,
1. Call for committee troops formed by the member countries military assistance if the country’s anti-terrorism proposal asks for it,
2. Be eligible for educational programs and grants aimed at:
a. Monitoring schools,
b. Funding schools,
B. Countries that are uncooperative with the Committee by:
I. Not combating terrorism by:
1. Funding terrorist identified by the auditing and refusing to dry up funds,
2. Providing safe-haven for terrorist as identified by the research and database,
C. Will be penalized by:
I. Being blacklisted by the Geneva- based organization,
II. May face UN. sanctions,
III. Quarantine state,
IV. Member states will be urged for a declaration of war if applicable.