Country: Republic of Uganda



Event: AMMUN 2003

Students:
Ala’a Al-Sayer, commission 2
Muneera Al-Nibara, commission 3
Noufah Al-Sabah, ECOSOC ambassador, ECOSOC



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The Ugandan National Anthem


Oh Uganda! may God uphold thee,
We lay our future in thy hand.
United, free,
For liberty
Together we'll always stand.

Oh Uganda! the land of freedom.
Our love and labour we give,
And with neighbours all
At our country's call
In peace and friendship we'll live.

Oh Uganda! the land that feeds us
By sun and fertile soil grown.
For our own dear land,
We'll always stand:

The Pearl of Africa's Crown.



Uganda





Country Profile

 

POLITICAL STRUCTURE

Since independence in 1962 the form of Uganda’s government has changed frequently in response to struggles for power. It was initially a parliamentary democracy with the queen of England and, later, the king of Buganda as ceremonial head of state, until a 1966 constitution created a highly centralized presidential system under Milton Abote. Idi Amin overthrew the government in 1971 and ruled as a military dictator until he was ousted in 1979. Obote regained control of the country in 1981 and ruled autocratically until he was overthrown in 1985. Yoweri Museveni eventually came to power in 1986 and established a mixed presidential and parliamentary system.

Under the 1995 constitution the president is both head of state and head of government, and is elected by popular vote for a term of five years. Government policies are decided by a cabinet consisting of the president, vice president, and ministers who are appointed by the president and who must be approved by parliament. The president also appoints the vice president, subject to the approval of parliament. Since 1994 the vice president of Uganda has been a woman, Specioza W. Kazibwe. The vice president and cabinet ministers do not hold fixed terms of office, and are replaced at the judgment of the president. Legislative power rests in a unicameral (single-chamber) parliament, whose 292 members serve five-year terms. Of these members, 214 are directly elected by the general public, while 78 are specially elected to represent particular interest groups (53 women, elected by local women’s groups; 10 army personnel to represent the army; 5 youth representatives; 5 workers’ representatives; and 5 representatives for persons with disabilities. The High Court has the power to try any criminal or civil case for the first time, and also hears appeals from the local, lower magistrates’ courts. Appeals of High Court decisions are made to the Court of Appeals and from there to the Supreme Court. Issues of interpretation of the constitution may be taken directly to a bench of five judges from the Court of Appeals sitting as the Constitutional Court. Judges are appointed by the president acting on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission and with the approval of parliament.

Uganda is a not that democratic since the president has a lot of control over the government so thus we could call it a dictatorship.

 

GEOGRAPHY

Uganda is a landlocked country on the equator in East Africa. Uganda is bordered by Kenya to the east; Sudan to the north; Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to the west; and Rwanda, Tanzania, and Lake Victoria to the south and southeast. Uganda has a total area of 241,038 sq. km (93,065 sq. mi).) The country measures 625 km (388 mi.) east to west and 638 km (396 mi.) north to south.

Uganda is landlocked meaning it does not have access to any bodies of water surrounding it and it has no coastline, but instead is surrounded by other countries, which are Democratic Republic of the Congo 765 km, Kenya 933 km, Rwanda 169 km, Sudan 435 km, and Tanzania 396 km. Water covers about a sixth of Uganda. The largest area of water is Lake Victoria, Africa’s largest lake, which Uganda shares with Kenya and Tanzania. The northern outlet of the lake is part of the River Nile, which is one of the most influential rivers in Africa. Thus lake Victoria is the headwater of the river Nile so Uganda has some sort of power over it and over controlling it. Lake Victoria is also a useful water resource for Uganda and the entire nation is oriented on it.

 

NATURAL RESOURCES

Uganda’s soils are its most important resource, because it is an agricultural country. It has small amounts of mineral resources, mainly copper, cobalt, nickel, gold, tin, tungsten, beryllium, iron ore, limestone, phosphates, and apatite. Uganda depends mostly on hydroelectricity from the Owen Falls Dam on the Nile at Lake Victoria. Presently, 26% of the land area is cultivated and 10% is used for permanent crops such as coffee and bananas. Demands for farmland, firewood, and charcoal, which is made from wood, have destroyed Uganda’s forests at an alarming rate (2% a year, from 1990 to 1996)— only 21% of the land area remains forested.

 

DEFENSE

The military, called the Uganda Peoples’ Defense Forces (UPDF), originated from the National Resistance Army, an insurrectionary force recruited and trained by Yoweri Museveni to overthrow the government in the mid-1980s. The size of the army rose in the late 1990s due to Ugandan military involvement in rebellions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The military has had great influence on the political process since it took over the government in 1986. However, as civilian institutions have gained more powers under the new constitution, the army has lost some of its influence over decisions.

Military service is voluntary and the average ages are between 15-49 years old. It’s very important to note that the army is of a different ethnicity than the majority (Buganda). This is partly the reason for the many military coups. Uganda cannot "take over" the Congo, but it can effectively take over parts of its Eastern territory. Uganda's army may or may not have the power to defeat "The Lord's Army," northern religious terrorist forces, depending on if The Sudan aids the rebels.

 

ECONOMY

The Ugandan economy has been based on small, African-owned farms since precolonial days. Uganda’s economy collapsed during the Idi Amin regime in the 1970s. In 1972 Amin expelled the country’s Asian population, which controlled most of the commerce, and distributed their businesses and property to corrupt and incompetent managers. From 1972 to 1988 the economy declined about 33 percent. The economy rebounded under President Yoweri Museveni, growing an average of 7 percent annually between 1990 and 1998. But it took until the late 1990s for the country to recover the production levels achieved before Amin seized power. In 1987 Museveni adopted reforms designed to reduce the size of the state and privatize many economic activities, and in return Uganda has received large loans from the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Under the reforms the government eliminated state regulations over the exchange rate and state control over prices for export crops. More importantly, the government succeeded in diversifying its foreign exchange base by steadily reducing its reliance on coffee exports. Museveni’s program in general is that of a leftist government.

In 2001 Uganda’s gross domestic product (GDP) was $11.2 billion, or $250 per capita. In 1994, 90 percent were engaged in agriculture, 6 percent in industry, and 4 percent in services. A large percentage of Uganda’s GDP comes from foreign aid and gifts from developed nations such as the USA, so that they would be political allies, etc. or in other words it’s a form of lobbying. Uganda’s economy is doing way much better right now and the government is ensuring that it takes positive steps towards a better economy.

 

VIEW ON WORLD PROBLEMS

Uganda, suffering from 18 years of civil war, and from the oppressiveness of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), is seeking help from the United Nations. "The United Nations [should] play a great role in scaling down the violence by placing peace observers in the conflict areas," say Ugandan religious leaders. Humanitarian organizations say that about 20,000 children have been abducted by the rebels over the last five years, with many taken to LRA bases in Southern Sudan, where they are trained as child soldiers, while the girls are turned into sex slaves. The LRA often mutilate their victims by cutting off their lips, noses, and ears, some victims are even beheaded. The humanitarian situation in Northern Uganda has been deemed even worse than Iraq’s, or anywhere else in the world, by the UN Under Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs.

Uganda also suffers from the Tutsis and the Hutus, associated political rebels, armed gangs and various government forces (such as the LRA). These groups do not confine their activities to Uganda specifically, but their acts of violence spread to neighboring African countries, such as Burundi, DR Congo, and Rwanda. Their aim is to gain control of populated areas and natural resources, namely fertile grounds around Lake Victoria, and the mines scattered throughout the countries. Despite the governments’ pledge to end conflict, localized violence continues despite minimal UN efforts. Not only does Uganda have to deal with its own rebel groups and domestic conflicts with the civil war, but it also has to worry about conflicts in Sudan, which have extended rebel forces and refugees into Uganda.

Uganda possesses a strong position on environmental issues. Uganda being a party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands. Uganda has also signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification. Uganda also feels strongly about Weapons of Mass Destruction. Uganda is a party to the Nuclear Test Ban, and is a member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Uganda is also a member of the Organization for the Prevention of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).

Uganda is also a member of each of the World Health Organization (WHO), and is greatly contributing to the valorous attempts to decrease HIV/AIDS made by this organization. Uganda is a member of the African Union (OAU). And it is a member of each of the following international organizations: International Police (Interpol), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the International Labor Organization (ILO), Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC), the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), and the United Nations International Development Organization (UNIDO).

Uganda maintains excellent relations with the US, their recent talks being about religious freedom issues with the government in the context of its overall dialogue, and policy of promoting human rights. The US has a six year Uganda Country Strategic Plan that is mainly executed by USAID. It focuses on areas of economic growth, environment, health, democracy and Good Governance. Uganda is currently siding with the US against the Hutus, which is a stance costing it its relationship with neighboring DR Congo, who is taking a pro-Hutus stance. Uganda also maintains a mainly economical relationship with countries such as the UK, India, Kenya, South Africa, and Japan.

 

HISTORY

The earliest inhabitants of Uganda were hunters and gatherers who lived more than 50,000 years ago and whose stone axes have been found near the villages of Mweya and Kagera in the southwest and at Paraa in the northwest. Their offspring retreated to the mountains between 2,500 and 3,000 years ago when Bantu-speaking farmers moved into forested areas and cleared the land for crops.

In the 19th century, the British conquered Uganda, then the dominant power in Western Africa. It then set up a colony ruled and dominated by the Buganda, the majority tribe, and Christianized the country. Subsequently, it became a relatively prosperous colony, ruled by this dominant group, including some lesser groups, traditionally ruled by the Buganda, and economically dominated by Indian immigrants originally brought in as laborers. The Buganda continued to farm the best farmland near the Lake.

Post independence Uganda suffered through a serious of brutal military dictators. Most of them arose from the army and came from these lesser immigrants who used the army as a means to advance and control over the majority Buganda. This culminated in the two dicatatorships of Obote which surrounded the brutal reign of Idi Amin. At least a bit crazy, Amin epitomized the bizarre African leaders of the 1970s with his cowboy hats, his murders, and his antics. When Amin invaded Kenyan, the latter well-disciplined army easily disposed of his army and of him. More importantly, Amin sent the Indians packing, which crippled the economy and made the Ugandans villains of the Commonwealth.

After Abote's second loss of power, an interim government or two, Uganda settled into a "non-political" period under its current ruler Museveni. While Musevini declared (perhaps correctly) that the Ugandans were not prepared for democracy, he liberalized the economy, didn't kill too many and, apart from the Congolese invasion, tread a pretty sound path. President Clinton applauded Museveni; meanwhile, following the Ugandan pattern, an opposition arose in the North among the non-Buganda, following a millenialist Christian leader of truly Ugandan level of brutality, The Lord's Army.

 

 

POLICY STATEMENTS




II. Ala’a Al-Sayer, commission 2, Decolonial



1. The role of UNRWA (United Nations Relief Work Agency for Palestine) and other relief agencies in the possible creation of a Palestinian state, and their role in current host refugee countries should the right to return

For more than 50 years, UNRWA has been a key player in the issue of Palestinian refugees providing them with a broad range of services. Their role in the creation of a Palestinian state is essential. However, one has to keep in mind that some UNRWA refugee camps have been accused of bomb manufacturing as well as the recruitment and dispatching of suicide bombers and often, the 23,000 UNRWA personal who are mainly refugees themselves are accused to have connections with Hammas.

The UNRWA should work on changing its messages. Instead of defining the Palestinian refugees differently from all other refugees extending the refugee status to "the descendants of persons who became refugees in 1948", the UNRWA has to embrace the Refugee's definition as adopted by The U.N. High Commission for Refugees applying this term worldwide to someone who, "owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted is outside the country of his nationality." Being outside the country of his nationality implies that descendants of refugees are not refugees. Cubans who flee the Castro regime are refugees, but not so their Florida-born children who lack Cuban nationality. Afghans who flee their homeland are refugees, but not their Iranian-born children. And so on.

Another message that the UNRWA has to work on changing is the "inalienable right of return" slogan of the Intifada, which broke out in Gaza UNRWA camps in 1987. This issue has to be readdresses in a more logical way as a return of some 3 million refugees will certainly entail economic, social as well as political repercussions. UNRWA has to concede that a lot of refugees, all over the world, have resettled and that their state of dispossession and poverty was diminished if not eliminated over time.

Of course Uganda supports the Quartet led/Road Map for peace, and therefore supports the establishment of an internationally recognized Palestinian state which should live side by side and in peace and harmony with Israel as envisaged by the United Nations Security Council. Uganda

 

2. The conflict between national sovereignty and the right of the international community to intervene in the domestic affairs of other countries.

No political, economic or religious reasons can justify terrorism. Terrorism as a strategy is unacceptable even for a just cause. It is unacceptable because it targets innocent people who may not be enemies. Uganda unequivocally condemns all acts, methods and practices of terrorism as criminal and unjustifiable regardless of wherever and whomsoever commits them.

For more than 15 years, the people of Uganda have been facing terrorism carried out by the fundamentalist Lords Resistance Army (LRA), in the northern parts of Uganda, and the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) ...

We have always believed in a coordinated strategy at a national, regional and global level. Uganda has taken part and will continue with its full support of the legal framework for international cooperation in combating terrorism and the suppression of Nuclear Terrorism.

As terrorism is a crime against humanity, we should establish an international mechanism to punish those responsible for carrying out or assisting terrorist activities.

We should also mobilise the necessary global resources to enable the Developing Countries to design and build national and regional mechanisms and capacities to implement the UN Conventions and Resolutions against terrorism.

Terrorism is a very serious issue that has been threatening each and every one of us, and after the shameful September 11, no one is able to keep a blind eye anymore. Each country has a right to defend itself against terrorism and if that entitles the interference in another country's internal affairs than so be it. However, the framework and guidelines have to be carefully studied as countries have to approve the interference in order to avoid further conflicts.

 

3.The division of Iraq and the possible establishment of political autonomy along religious and national lines.

Iraq is a vast country full of various and diversified ethnic groups. The Kurds, the Sunnis and the Shiite are the distinct three major forces in Iraq. Due to their geographical and cultural distinctions, many believe that giving political sovereignty to each group will solve the Iraqi problem.

However, Uganda begs to differ with this position. No country can be based on one homogeneous population where everybody has the same skin colour, dialect and religious believes. Human rights have been developed to ensure the acceptance of everybody by everybody else. A dichotomy can never serve unity and without unity there is less chance for peace. The people of Iraq have one thing in common, they are Iraqis. That is what should be emphasized and indoctrinated in the mind of each and

Uganda believes in Democracy and in Human Rights and its only through democracy can each and every group, being a majority or minority, be fairly represented. And only through the implementation of human rights can all Iraqi feel that they are equally and justly treated.

As the people of Iraq have been united previously under an oppressive regime. we believe that the time has come for them to unite under a benevolent, democratic regime so that they may truly appreciate and enjoy their unity. Dividing a country serves only to weaken it and increases the differences between its people.

 

 

III. Legal, Commission 3,


Issue One: Measures to legally combat international terrorism and the growth of supra-national terrorist groups.

Uganda’s commitment to the fight against international terrorism is evident in its support of the US-led coalition against Iraq. This is because Uganda has suffered in the hands of terrorists for a long time and cannot tolerate terrorism within the country. Uganda willingly collaborates with other agencies to fight terrorism elsewhere around the world. This came from a statement from the State House of the Republic of Uganda.

There have also been joint regional efforts by Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda to deal with the problem on terrorism. "No political, economic or religious reasons can justify the terrorist's use of indiscriminate violence against innocent people. Terrorism as a strategy is unacceptable, erroneous and ethically indefensible as a means of fighting even for a just cause. It is erroneous and indefensible because it targets people who may not be enemies. Indeed many victims of the terrorist attacks in USA on 11th September, 2001 may have been either sympathizers, neutral or simply indifferent to the very causes the terrorists wish to lay claim. It is unacceptable because such acts create terror in every society, endanger lives and undermine the well being of individuals and families by disrupting economies; and pose a threat to international peace and security. Uganda, therefore, unequivocally condemns all acts, methods and practices of terrorism as criminal and unjustifiable regardless of wherever and whomsoever commits them." said Ambassador Fred Beyendeza (ambassador of Uganda to the UN), "For the last 15 years, the people of Uganda have been facing terrorism carried out by the fundamentalist Lords Resistance Army (LRA), in the northern parts of Uganda, and the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) in South-Western Uganda. Both the LRA and ADF rebel groups have hitherto been supported by the Sudan.

The LRA method of terror is the maiming and cutting off of body parts of innocent children and women and kidnapping the survivors into their bases outside Uganda. The ADF's method has been characterized by the use of terrorist bombs placed in public buses/taxis or busy shopping areas in Kampala, and other towns in Uganda. However, Uganda is particularly encouraged by the statement made by the Representative of the Sudan to this august Assembly that "Sudan will no longer allow its territory to be a haven to any terrorist groups or individuals" - and that they are now ready to match "words" with "deeds". We, therefore, expect this commitment to be followed by concrete steps to stop the LRA and the ADF terrorist attacks on Uganda. These terrorist attacks have had a very negative effect on our economy. It is estimated, for example, that the Ugandan economy would have by far surpassed the current average GDP growth of 6.5%, had it not been for the sustained campaign of terrorism inflicted on the Ugandan people in one and half decades."

Uganda believes that terrorism is a threat to the whole world, and should be brought to a concrete halt soon, before even more innocent people’s lives are put on the line, especially children’s lives.

 

2. International regulations dealing with the use and misuse of genetic engineering and screening.

Uganda Is pushing for the certification of its coffee exports as "organic," in order to reach the maximum profit possible (which could reach 35% over the conventional coffee prices). Agricultural products can only be accepted as organic after internationally recognized firms in the trade certify that no chemicals have been used on the crop at any stage, from growing through to processing and export. Guarantees that there was no genetic manipulation of the seed material and that working conditions were fair to labor is also needed. The organic craze is catching on fast in Western Europe, with major retail chains introducing organic sections. Major corporations, such as Swedish Rail, have announced that only organic food will be served on their services starting next year. Ugandan officials say that due to widespread smallholder production, 90 % of the country's coffee crop is organic by default. However, there has only been limited success in reaching the maximum profit offered by specialty markets, largely because Uganda lacks a comprehensive certification regime to cover growers, processors and exporters. The certification has become even more urgent in face of poor coffee prices in the world market and limits on export quantities imposed by International Coffee Organization quotas and proportions.

Officials at the Uganda Coffee Trade Federation said attention would be focused on specialty markets since revenue from coffee continues to decline. Last year, for instance, coffee exports grew 20.3% by volume over 1998, but value registered a mere 2.1% growth. "We are lucky because most of our farmers cannot afford inputs, so our coffee is really organic and we are likely to lead in this area in Africa. The problem is that we are not certified," said Mr. Solomon Rutega, director of projects andmarketing at the Uganda Coffee Trade Federation. A handful of exporters have individually negotiated certification and managed to export 7,590 bags of organic coffee against the 3.6 million bags of conventional coffee exported in 1999. Although figures for organic exports are still modest, experts say Uganda has a high potential as it does not suffer widespread chemical use while the market for organics is growing rapidly. ccording to Agro-Eco's Allan P. Tulip, a consultant in organic exports with projects in Uganda and Tanzania, organic exports are a fast-growing niche market that was estimated at $13 billion in 1998. The World Trade Organization predicts that the market will grow by between 5 and 40% a year, while Swedish researchers predict an average 25% growth. Major markets include Western Europe, North America, Japan and South Africa.

Uganda believes that genetic screening has vastly improved since the many complaints filed against it a couple of years ago, and Uganda asks for sustenance in this development. Uganda is rather neutral on this issue, and is not strongly leaning to one side.

 

3. Defining and modifying the rights of prisoners of war and the scope of extradition law.

Uganda believes that the extradition law definitely needs modifying. They're allowing all kinds of terrorists to go all kinds of places.

 

 

IV. Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC):


1. The role of the UN, WHO, and other NGOs in clearly defining and implementing global strategies regarding the use of tobacco, bearing in mind any economic impacts of decisions taken.

The UN, WHO and other NGOs clearly define smoking as a threat, due to the health hazards that follow this . They are implementing and mapping out strategies regarding the use of tobacco and the manufacturing of it, etc. They want to work together to efficiently wipe out this habit from the world and thus save the people and their health. Twenty-eight countries and the European Community sign tobacco treaty at first opportunity in the WHO in July. This states that a lot of nations actually do believe that tobacco is harmful.

Uganda condemns these acts for various reasons. Sure, those NGOs want what's best for humanity and want to save them from the so called health threats that follow smoking, but they are wrong. Smoking is a habit and sometimes a leisure activity people practice. It doesn’t affect anyone in any way except the person who smokes it. It’s that individual’s job to quit, why let everything get destroyed to save that individual. Uganda wants to emphasize and stress on the fact that its not the problem of the tobacco farms, nor the industries that tobacco is harmful. Tobacco manufacturing is in some of the world's poorest countries, and that’s where effects are felt, as over four-fifths of the global tobacco crop is grown in the underdeveloping world. Recent decades have seen a shift by tobacco companies to sourcing tobacco from these countries, where there is cheap labor and easy access to natural resources. Much effort is put into encouraging farmers to grow tobacco.

Eradicating smoking means cheating on many people and robbing them of their jobs and wealth. Uganda has many tobacco industries in it that play a dominant role in its economy, thus the failure of those companies results in the failure of Uganda’s economy. What would Uganda do then? If the NGOs want to eradicate smoking they should pay all the suffering companies and economies or make it worth their while someway. Uganda condemns this issue strongly, but stresses that if those NGOs put a stop to smoking, they should pay the sufferers a fine for the damage they have caused. Thus this is an irrelevant one that does not do much good, but creates havoc.

 

2. The role of the United Nations system in supporting the efforts of African countries to achieve sustainable development.

A lot of the African nations are not developed or lack certain aspects of the development which are crucial to every nation. Those aspects might mean lack of clean water, lack of food and nutrition or lack of health facility. Those aspects are very important for the human race and a nation that lacks these aspects is a miserable and disadvantaged nation that has deprived civilians.

"The problems faced by African countries since decolonization are numerous; internal and external conflicts, refugees and internally displaced peoples, food safety and security, and vast health crises including the HIV/AIDS epidemic all profoundly affect the continents development. With such a large region of the world facing so many serious difficulties, it is not hard to imagine that the problems faced there affect the rest of the world. Over the last several decades, the United Nations has attempted to work with states and regional organizations in tackling the problems faced by many on the African continent. With the work that has been concentrated over the last decade, there still remains a need for more progress," according to the Secretary General of UN’s speech.

The United Nations, an organization who is well known for its own aiding needy nations, should take a positive role in supporting developmental efforts in African nations like the UNICEF, WHO, and Acumen Fund that announced introduction in Africa of new technology to fight malaria, etc. Uganda, being an African nation, has experienced a lot of turmoil in the past due to its lack of developmental aspects. It is in need of support from the United nations, be it financial or humanitarian aid so it could achieve sustainable development. Uganda requests and encourages of all financially capable and rich nations to pitch in and help underdeveloped African nations in their struggle to development. The UN should concentrate on the African nation’s plight and pass a resolution that does significant things and helps African Countries more sufficiently.

 

3. Strengthening the coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance of the United Nations.

The World today is not a safe place. Everyday we hear of wars, natural hazards, etc. that create chaos and carnage world wide. Nations that go through this hardship are in desperate need for emergency humanitarian aid.

The United nations being an organization that consists of all the world nations cooperating together should have special organizations that coordinate emergency humanitarian assistance that is strong and decisive. This organization should be supported by rich financially capable and stable nations through donations, etc. and be thus coordinated efficiently as to deliver this emergency aid as quickly as possible. Uganda, as usual, Stresses the need to address further the issues of funding, coordination and strategic planning in the situation of natural disasters and complex emergencies, in particular in the transition from relief to development activities. The ECOSOC has adopted a resolution on July the 15th 2003 which Addressed Humanitarian developments and challenges, and Uganda signed it. Uganda, however is not seeing positive steps and actions being done by the UN. Uganda would like to see more coordinated cooperation between nations and especially nations in need.

 

 

 

RESOLUTIONS



Committee: Political/Decolonial.

Delegation: Uganda.

Delegate: Ala'a Al-Sayer.

Issue: Measures concerning the future and possible dismemberment of Iraq.


 

 

Committee: Legal.

Delegation: Uganda.

Delegate: Muneera Al- Nibari.

Issue: Measures to legally combat international terrorism and the growth of supra-national terrorist groups.

Bearing in Mind that according to the World Press Review 2003 The Lords Resistance Army's is notorious for its cruelty, it instructs its recruits to cut off victims’ body parts of particular concern is the LRAs focus on child abductions, of which an estimated 20,000 have been carried out in the past decade,

Viewing With Appreciation that the United States and Saudi Arabia acted jointly to block the funds of the Somalia and Bosnia-Herzegovina branches of the Al Haramain Islamic foundation because these branches were diverting charitable funds to terrorism,

Noting With Regret that out of the 132 countries that have signed The International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism only 43 have completed the ratification process, the convention requires all state parties to:
A. Criminalize the funding of terrorist activities under its domestic law,
B. Identify, detect, and seize or freeze funds used or allocated for terrorist purposes,
C. Prosecute or extradite individuals suspected of unlawful and willful involvement in the financing of terrorism,
D. Cooperate with other states parties in the investigation and/or prosecution of such suspects,
E. Ensure that their domestic laws require financial institutions to implement measures that identify, impede, and prevent the flow of terrorist funds,

Alarmed that the Counter-Terrorism Committee is made up of only 15 members of the Security Council,

1. Calls Upon all countries that are members of The International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing to ratify it and all those that haven’t signed to become a part of the convention;

2. Declares that the Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC) will now include:
A. A General Assembly Committee:
I. 0 member countries from the General Assembly,
II. Assigned by the United Nations Secretary General,
III. These members will not be permanent but will serve a 2 year term this term may be extended for certain countries if there is a need to do so,
B. Members from The World Bank, The International Monetary Fund and Interpol;

3. Notes that the committee will:
A. Have its headquarters in Geneva
B. Hold meetings every 6 months and have an emergency meetings at the request of President of The Committee,
C. The seat as this committee's President will be assigned in rotation as to ensure fairness and unbiased,
D. Countries will be brought to the committees attention when it carries out any suspicious clandestine activity,

4. Affirms that this committee will upon being established:
A. Define terrorism and publish it as a clause in the United Nations Charter as to ensure that all member countries understand the meaning of terrorism,
B. Create and update a list of terrorist organizations and terrorist supporting firms,
C. Discuss enhancing international immigration and customs capabilities,

5. Resolves that the Counter-Terrorism Committee along with The World Bank and The International Monetary Fund will:
A. Request the budget of countries suspected of terrorist activities,
B. If the country refuses there will be an external audit using all available records of funding,
C. If it's proven that A country finances terrorists then the CTC, WB, and IMF along with the countries economic and foreign ministers and Central Bank, they will draft a bill that proposes to dry up the financing of terrorist groups;

6. Further Resolves that the Counter- Terrorism Committee along with Interpol will:
A. Work to find terrorist groups and individuals,
B. Work to create an international terrorism database,

7. Declaring a quarantine as punitive isolation from all trade ties and assistance including military,

8. Has Resolved that the Counter- Terrorism committee will deal with:
A. Countries that are cooperative by:
I. Giving grants and loans in accordance with the anti-terrorism proposal, which will include:
1. Why the money is needed,
2. A detailed breakdown of how the money will be spent and a time table,
II. The proposal will be reviewed by the committee that will deal with it as it sees fit,
1. Call for committee troops formed by the member countries military assistance if the country’s anti-terrorism proposal asks for it,
2. Be eligible for educational programs and grants aimed at:
a. Monitoring schools,
b. Funding schools,
B. Countries that are uncooperative with the Committee by:
I. Not combating terrorism by:
1. Funding terrorist identified by the auditing and refusing to dry up funds,
2. Providing safe-haven for terrorist as identified by the research and database,
C. Will be penalized by:
I. Being blacklisted by the Geneva- based organization,
II. May face UN. sanctions,
III. Quarantine state,
IV. Member states will be urged for a declaration of war if applicable.

 

 

Delegation: Uganda

Issue: The role of the United Nations system in supporting the efforts of African countries to achieve sustainable development

Commission: ECOSOC (Noufah Al-Sabah)

Points out that the problems faced by African countries since desalinization are numerous; internal and external conflicts, refugees and internally displaced peoples, food safety and security, and vast health crises including the HIV/AIDS epidemic all profoundly affect the African continents development. With such a large region of the world facing so many serious difficulties, it is not hard to imagine that the problems faced there affect the rest of the world, as said by Kofi Anan, www.un.org,

Notes with deep concern that more than a billion people still live on less than US$1 a day: sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and parts of Europe and Central Asia are falling short of the poverty target, www.cnn.com,

Notes dispassionately that due to the bad health care system in Africa and lack of sanitation, every year nearly 11 million young children die before their fifth birthday, mainly from preventable illnesses, but that number is down from 15 million in 1980, www.cnn.com,

Notes with concern that more than one billion people in Africa lack access to safe drinking water and more than two billion lack sanitation. During the 1990s, however, nearly one billion people gained access to safe water and the same number to sanitation, www.cnn.com,

Notes that many developing countries spend more on debt service than on social services. New aid commitments made in the first half of 2002 could mean an additional $12 billion per year by 2006,

Applauds that over the last several decades, the United Nations has attempted to work with African states and regional organizations in tackling the problems faced by many on the African continent,

Points out with sorrow that the UN’s work that has been concentrated over the last decade is insufficient , there still remains a need for more progress,

1. Resolves all the UN member states should support African Countries by means of economical, political, technical, humanitarian assistance by creating an African Support and development fund that would:-
A. Finance all means of development and support in the region,
B. Supply technicians and economists and other human resources that can help achieve sustainable development in this region by:
I. advising companies and governments,
II. planning possible innovative aiding plans and self help groups,
III. lecturing civilians and government officials, etc. on the importance of independence and the risks of interdependence,
IV. providing civilians, companies and governments with help to map out their futures, adjust their goals, and avoid risks,
C. Plan ways of cooperation between wealthy nations and the poor African nations,
D. Send humanitarian aid to areas that are a victim of natural hazards, famine, poverty, etc.,
E. Provide incentives for African nations and helping them depend on themselves and work to help themselves by themselves,
F. Work on maintaining the peace in the African continent by :
I. stopping and solving inner conflicts in nations,
II. putting a limit and eventually stopping the number of smuggled fire arms and violent weapons,
III. restoring the peace and solving the conflicts between the African nations,
IV. working on peaceful cooperation between African nations,
G. Helping put an end to the various epidemic diseases that are fully spread in the African continent such as AIDs and malaria by :
I. providing health centers in all the major African cities and towns,
II. providing mobile hospitals and clinics that can reach far off places,
III. cooperating with medical companies in order to sell certain drugs to African nations cheaper than what they really cost,
IV. train and employ African doctors and nurses to increase independence and thus spread self development,
H. Boost and increase education and schooling by:
I. training and instructing African teachers and professors,
II. providing free schools in all the major African cities and towns,
III. adjusting and renovating the African curriculum to make it meet the current world standard of curriculum,
IV. increasing awareness of the world and solutions to daily problems through lectures and talks;

2. Has Resolved that this fund will ensure that it meets the following objectives :-
A. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger,
B. Achieve universal primary education by ensuring that as many children as possible complete their primary education,
C. Promote gender equality and empower women by eliminating gender disparities in primary and secondary education,
D. Reduce child mortality,
E. Improve maternal health,
F. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases by Halting and beginning to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS and the incidence of malaria and other major diseases,
G. Ensure environmental sustainability by :-
I. integrating the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources,
II. reducing by half the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water,
III. achieving significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers,
H. Develop a global partnership for development by:-
I. Developing further an open trading and financial system that includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction – nationally and internationally,
II. Addressing the least developed countries’ special needs, and the special needs of landlocked and small island developing States,
III. Dealing comprehensively with developing countries’ debt problems,
IV. Developing decent and productive work for youth,
V. Cooperating with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies – especially information and communications technologies;

3. Urges that all member states to implement if any possible the innovative aiding plan "de-tax" or any other similar programs that would allocate reprograms source to the financing of African initiatives in support of development projects or programs;

4. Further Resolves that the United Nations monitor the implementation of the specific goals that are going to be done by this African support and development fund, including those pertaining to poverty eradication and sustainable development, debt, market access and transfer of technology;

5. Encourages the international community to expend cooperation in human development resource gradually increasing financial contribution;

6. Further Reminds African development has to be initiative and led by Africans themselves and for such effort to bear fruit the international community should respect the initiatives of Africa and support its efforts from an equal position;

7. Urges all nations to sign this resolution so that the world would be a better place for our children.

 

 

UGANDA’S OPENING SPEECHES


Ala'a Speech

Ladies and gentlemen, honorable delegates,

We meet here today to discuss a very serious and delicate issue; an issue that is affecting each and every one of us in one way or the other: the Palestinian- Israeli conflict. We all know that a viable solution has to be found if we are to work towards a more peaceful world and less terrorist acts. At the core of the conflict rises the issue of the role of UNRWA in the possible creation of a Palestinian state. What will happen to the Palestinian refugees is a key issue for both the Israelis and the Palestinians. As part of the UN, it is our job to help find solutions, to mediate between conflicting parties and to try and come up with viable resolutions where both parties feel that they have been justly and fairly treated. Furthermore, as Ugandans and believers in human rights, we want to reassert our position as we fully back up the Road Map convinced of the necessity of having a Palestinian State. We see the role of UNRWA as imperative, for the inclusion of representative bodies of Palestinians is a necessary and key element to the success of any resolution and the refugees issue is at the core of the conflict.

Again, the issue at hand is very delicate. On one hand we are having some 5 million refugees that are stateless and are lacking in basic human rights, and on the other hand having an exodus of 5 million people into one place cannot but create havoc and more conflicts. As mediators, we have to analyze and understand both sides and try to present compromises that will be satisfactory to both parties. That is the Ugandan promise and that is what we are set to do today. Thank you.

 

Muneera's Speech

Jambo,

Hope all honorable delegates are well. Uganda a developing country is rich in its people and culture. However with the daily terrorist attacks BY ___________________ brides are made widows, women are left childless because their children are abducted and children become orphans. Uganda will continue to play an important role in peace making, and join all initiatives by countries and or organizations to eliminate terrorism.

As crime and terrorism have become globalized, so to must our efforts at combating them. Tracking down terrorists and their funds has become a priority on the international agenda. Names are being published, accounts identified and assets frozen. But will this effort succeed? We should make the present hunt for international criminals more than a loud but ineffective parenthesis in history it should be a turning point with a joint initiative.

 

 

Noufah

A salute from a nation that is a river in a continent of turmoil, poverty and suffering,

With its lake Victoria and its pleasant people Uganda extends a warm salutation. Uganda hopes that this event will be a memorable and successful one that attempts to make a difference in this world with cooperation and strategic planning.

Uganda would like to point out the state of the African nations especially the developing ones which are in need for support and help from their brethren nations the developed nations.. the problems faced by African countries are numerous; internal and external conflicts, refugees and internally displaced peoples, food safety and security, and vast health crises including the HIV/AIDS epidemic all profoundly affect the African continents development. With such a large region of the world facing so many serious difficulties, it is not hard to imagine that the problems faced there affect the rest of the world.

The world has to be compassionate and considerate about them and thus help them out in every way possible be it financially or by humanitarian aid.. Uganda hopes this event will be successful and will be one that restores the smiles on poor needy people everywhere… especially in the African continent

Thank you







STATEMENT OF DELEGATES




Ala'a Al-Sayer, Decolonization and Political

This was my second event. I represented Uganda in the decolonization committee. My resolution held a pretty good solution to the problems facing Iraq. In fact, the two or three delegates who viewed it thought it was excellent. Unfortunately, not many people saw it. During the actual sessions I spoke a few times only though I had many ideas. It was difficult to overcome my shyness.

 

Muneera Al-Nibari, Legal

The second annual Amman Model United Nations was a great experience where Al- Bayan Bilingual School students excelled in performance. As the delegate of Uganda in the legal commission where the issues discussed were measures to legally combat international terrorism and the growth of supra-national terrorist groups, international regulations dealing with the use and misuse of genetic engineering and screening and defining and modifying the rights of prisoners of war and the scope of extradition law. Uganda a country suffering from terrorists itself choose the first topic and presented an excellent resolution that solves the problem very well by offering incentives for countries to help and punishments for those who aid terrorists, it also involved agencies outside the United Nations such as Interpol to create a terrorist database, and the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund to dry up funding of terrorists. The resolution passed the committee without a strong opposing voice as those opposing the resolution were very few. It was a very successful event for me.

 

Noufah Al-Sabah, ECOSOC and Ambassador,

Uganda believes that the AMMUN event was a prosperous and successful event. The ECOSOC was an ideal council in which a lot of resolutions concerning banning of smoking, humanitarian aid, and African development were passed and succeeded. Uganda felt that those issues were very important to the UN and the wellbeing of the whole world, and so voted accordingly. Uganda helped pass a resolution on the banning of smoking submitted by the UK. Uganda had a significant role in all the debates except the ones it couldn’t attend due to its delegate encounter with bad health.