Country: Angola

Delegation: Angola

Event: KITMUN 2003

Students:


Defense: Dheidan Al-Shimmari
Environment: Mays Al-Sa'ad
Human Rights: Naser Al-Aujan, Ambassador
Social: Abdullah Al-Ibrahim
Security Council: Hamad Al-Essa, Vice-Ambassador

 


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The Angolan National Anthem

Angola

República de Angola

Original Portugese Words

O Pátria, nunca mais esqueceremos
Os heróis do quatro de Fevereio.
O Pátria, nós saudamos os teus filhos
Tombados pela nossa Independência.
Honramos o passado e a nossa História,
Construindo no Trabalho o Homem novo,
(repeat previous two lines)

CHORUS
Angola, avante!
Revolução, pelo Poder Popular!
Pátria Unida, Liberdade,
Um só povo, uma só Nação!
(repeat chorus)

Levantemos nossas vozes libertadas
Para glóriados povos africanos.
Marchemos, combatentes angolanos,
Solidários com os poroso primidos.
Orgulhosos lutaremos Pela Paz
Com as forças progressistas do mundo.
(repeat previous two lines)

CHORUS


English Translation
(Note the Leftist sound to the sentiments)

O Fatherland, we shall never forget
The heroes of the Fourth of February.
O Fatherland, we salute your sons
Who died for our Independence.
We honour the past and our history
As by our work we build the New Man.
(repeat previous two lines)

CHORUS
Forward, Angola!
Revolution through the power of the People!
A United Country, Freedom,
One People, one Nation!
(repeat chorus)

Let us raise our liberated voices
To the glory of the peoples of Africa.
We shall march, Angolan fighters,
In solidarity with oppressed peoples.
We shall fight proudly for Peace
Along with the progressive forces of the world.
(repeat previous two lines)
CHORUS
Music: Rui Alberto Vieira Dias Mingas
Adopted: 1975

Angola


 



Country Profile


a. Political Structure:

Angola is a republic that supports the concept of democracy. Despite the existents if democracy Angola has a strong presidential system, which is now a days facing some problems with and its facing problems with the people governing it. The president of Angola is the fist of power in Angola, he is both chief of state and head of government. Fernando de Piedade Dias DOS SANTOS was appointed Prime Minister on 6 December 2002, but the prime minister of Angola does not have a great deal of power. The president assigns councils for the ministers and it seems that all the authority is in his hand instead of the prime minister.

Angola is a country that loves the word free and supports peoples opinions this is why it has many political parties. Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola or MPLA, which is the ruling party in Angola since 1975, because it is the best in Angolans point of view. The National Union for the Total Independence of Angola or UNITA, which is the largest opposing party. UNITA is the party that entered war with the government years ago but now Angola is a country rules by piece. There are many other small parties in Angola too, and they won some chairs in the unicameral National Assembly but no as much as UNITA and MPLA. The unicameral National Assembly has 220 seats, representatives are elected to serve a four year term.

 

b. Geography:

Angola is located in southwestern Africa; bounded on the north and east by the Democratic Republic of the Congo(2712 km), on the east by Zambia(1110 km), on the south by Namibia (1376 km), and on the west by the Atlantic Ocean. Its coastline is 1,600 km. Angola's total area is 1,246,700 sq. km, (larger than France and Spain combined). It's the 7th largest country in Africa.

Angola can be divided into three major regions. They are, from west to east, the low-lying coastal plain, transition zone which consists of series of escarpments, and the vast Angolan plateau which occupies about two thirds of Angola and has an elevation of 1000 to 1520 m. Higher elevations are at the mountains of the central area of Angola, such as Mount Moco, the country's highest point.

Most of Angola’s rivers rise in its central mountains. Of the many rivers that drain to the Atlantic Ocean, the Cuanza and Cunene are the most important. There are other rivers such as the Kwango river, Congo river, Kwando river, and Cubango river. Angola has no sizeable rivers.

Forests cover 56% of Angola's total area, according to year 2000. It has thick tropical rain forests and savanna (depending on the climate). Angola has more tropical rain forests because it is mostly tropical. Those forests are rich in vegetation and wildlife. However, Angola is facing a problem of desertification of these forests. Last but not least, Angola has a tropical climate, with a dry season that lasts from September to April.

 

c. Natural Resources:

Angola is a country rich in natural resources. It has petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium, cotton, and coffee. Petroleum products and supporting activities are vital to Angola, it contributes in about 45% of the GDP and about 90% of the exports (800,000 barrels per day, until year 2001).However, Angola was able to decrease its oil production and fully take advantage of its other valuable natural resources. Angola's greatest partner in petroleum trading is the US (44.5%), then comes EU (17.3%), China (22.7%), and South Korea (8.1%). Obviously, Angola doesn't need any oil imports, since it has enough supply of it.

Angola's basic export commodities are crude oil 90%, diamonds, petroleum, gas, coffee, sisal, fish and fish products, timber, cotton ( which is exported mostly to the US).Angola can't depend on its available natural resources only. Even though 85% of the population depends on agriculture for life, food still gets imported to the country ( because of the violations caused by the farmers).Those imports come from EU (47.4%), South Korea (16%), South Africa (15.9%), US (11.3%), and Brazil (5.5%). Angola has inadequate water supplies; at the same time, it suffers floods due to heavy rainfalls. Lastly, they are geological explorations going on in Angola in search for more minerals and other natural resources.

 

d. Cultural Factors:

Angola has a population of 10,593,171 on 2002, which seems little for a country that has an area of 1,246,700 sq. km. 43.3% of the population are on the age between 0 and 14 years old, 2,318,326 are males, and 2,272,726 female. While 53.9 of the population are between the ages of 15 and 64 years old, 2,904,595 are males and 2,806,430. The rest 2.8% are 65 years old and over, 131,316 are males and 159,778 are females. This determines that Angola right now has powerful working hands since most of the population is between the ages of 15 to 64, the best age for working. Angola is a country with mixed origins, it has more than 90 ethnic groups. Ovimbundu has the highest percentage of all, in which it takes 37% of Angola's populations. The second ethnic group is the kimbundu, which covers 25% of the people in Angola. Then comes the Mestico, which means mixed Europeans and Native Africans, cover only 2% of the population. Europeans take only 1%. Lastly comes the other groups which totally take 22% of Angola's population.

The ethnic groups have lots of problems, they have discrimination, war. Since there is a lot of ethnic we can determine that there are different religions.

Most spread one is the indigenous beliefs which 47% of Angola's population takes. Then comes the Roman Catholic which 38% of Angola's population shares. On the last place comes the Protestant which 15% of Angola's population shares. Since there is a variety of religions and ethic groups, we can automatically tell that there are lots of problems, and those groups don't go along smoothly. The biggest proof is that Angola passed the past quarter-century full with wars. In addition, the biggest problem there is the discrimination of color, in which they don't get the same way of treating. Angola is one of the countries that suffer from this discrimination. The dominant group in Angola is the black, in which most of Angola’s population are from the black. The official language is Portuguese, and then comes the Bantu and other African languages.

 

e. Defense:

Angola army is divided into four branches that are Army, Navy, Air and Air Defense Forces, National Police Force. The Angolan army has many soldiers but it lacks the quality in weapons due to there low expense in the defense field (1.2 billion dollars).

Angola suffers the lack of high technology weapons due to the low budget assigned for defense. In spite of the low budget and lack of technology weapons Angola have a treasure of military knowledge. Twenty five years of continuous warfare in Angola planted smart military strategies in the Angolan minds. Imagine 2,568,082 Angolan soldiers carrying militaries encyclopedias in their minds. The people themselves experienced war which mad them ace the magic of hiding and staying away of danger. Angola is one of the strongest countries in Africa, in the world.

Angola was a country that faced internal problems that have officially stopped because of the Angolan Government smart policy. It made the UNITA cease the fire and form a political party for themselves in which they can get elected and vote peacefully. Its quite obvious that the Angolan people are piece loving, which made them unite under one flag, the Angolan flag. UNITA and MPLA are only political parties now a days, all fighting under the command of the Angolan President to maintain piece in the Angolan lands. The Angolan army now has 2,568,082 soldiers all fighting for the independence of Angola. These 2,568,082 soldiers were fighting each other before presenting the MPLA and the UNITA but now it seems clearly that Angola is done with its civil war. Every thing have changed to better thanks to God who lead the Angolan Government to some smart decisions.

 

f. Economy:

Angola has a very confused economy since the past quarter of a century was full of wars. Some of Angola's natural resources such as oil and similar activities are very important to its economy. Angola's GDP is $13.3 billion at 2001. The GDP growth rate is 5.4%. 6% of Angola's GDP comes from agriculture, while 70% comes from industry, and the other 24% comes from services. Which means that Angola depends on industry the most.

Angola's GDP is growing right now since the GDP growth rate is 5.4%. Angola has a little GDP/person, in which about each person in Angola only makes about $104.6 per month. Angola's exports are $7 billion f.o.b. at 2001. Crude oil takes most of the exports commodities in which it plays 90% of the commodities, then diamonds, refined petroleum products, gas, coffee, sisal, fish and products, timber, cotton. Nearly half of Angola's exports goes to the United States of America, it get 44.5% of the exports, it is strange since it is a leftist, but the reason is that Angola sells the commodities cheaper to the US, then comes EU with 17.3%, China with 22.7%, South Korea with 8.1%. Angola's imports are $2.7 billion f.o.b. at 2001. Angola is a productive country in which its exports are more than the imports. We can call this a surplus because Angola earns money after the trade. Angola makes $4.3 billion f.o.b.. Currently, this situation appears to change. Angola’s economy is developing very well, which means that Angola’s economy will turn out to be good in the near future if it continues that way.

 

g. Views of World Problems:

Because Angola has been immersed in nearly a quarter-century of civil war, it does not pay much attention to world problems. However, there are many significant points worth mentioning.

From 1975 to 1989, Angola was aligned with the Soviet Union and Cuba. In 1989, its political system changed from a single-party Marxist-Leninist system to a multi-party Democracy. Since then, it has worked hardly on improving its relations with other western countries. It established formal diplomatic relations with the U.S.A. in 1993, and continues to bridge the gaps in its relations with other Portuguese-speaking nations. The current government can be described as leftist.

In Central Africa, it has asserted its national interests through many diplomatic and military interventions. In 1997, Zimbabwe and Namibia joined Angola in its military intervention in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where Angolan troops fought in support of the Joseph Kabila government. It also has intervened in the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) to support the existing government in that country. The main reason Angola fought alongside the Kabila government was to keep Angolan UNITA guerrillas from finding sanctuary and refuge in the region of the Congo that borders Angola. The UNITA group can most probably be described as being to the left.

Multilaterally, Angola has promoted the revival of the Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP) as a forum for cultural exchange and a means of expanding ties with Portugal and Brazil in particular. The government fully cooperated with the UN Mission in Angola (UNMA), scheduled to conclude in mid-February, during the peace process. Angola also worked closely with the UNSC in the implementation of UNITA sanctions. Angola began a 2-year term on the Security Council in January 2003.

Angola is an active participant in many international organizations, which include: ACP, AfDB, CCC, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, NAM, OAS (observer), OAU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, and WtRO.

Angola has excellent diplomatic relations with Morocco. It also has good relations with Portugal and Brazil, two of its fellow Portuguese-speaking nations. Portugal, however, is strongly tied politically with Angola and most of Angola’s internal and foreign policies mirror those of Portugal. Relations with Russia are also quite good; Russia has provided to the World Food Program One Million Dollars to help reduce the current food crisis in Angola. Angola’s relationship with the US. is quite good and is gradually improving.

 

h. History:

The Portuguese arrived in Angola in 1483 seeking trade and precious metals, and in 1491 started slavery trade and other kinds of trade with Angola’s leaders who converted to Christianity. Portugal appointed many royal governors although the stubborn resistance by the locals. The Portuguese gained full power over Angola during the 20th Century and its official status was changed in 1951 from colony to overseas province. In 1961 a guerrilla war against the Portuguese started. There were three rival nationalist groups with armies fighting one same cause the independence of Angola. On November 11th 1975, Lisbon agreed to granted Angola its independence.

Two governments were formed, one by both the FNLA and UNITA backed by the Western world and South Africa, and one by the MPLA backed by USSR and Cuba who gained the upper hand and in 1976 its leader became president of Angola. In 1984, the FNLA surrendered to the government but the UNITA continued to fight. In 1988, a treaty was signed by Angola, Cuba and South Africa that gave Namibia its independence and ended the assistance of South Africa and Cuba to the civil war. In 1991, the two sides signed a peace treaty and legalized political parties and the president called for general elections and UN peacekeeping troops maintained order. The UNITA lost the elections and resumed the war. In 1993, all the countries, including the US, ended support to the war, and UN World Food Program was needed to stop starvation.

In 1994, the two sides signed a peace treaty in Zambia. And in 1995, the leaders of the two groups signed a treaty that will create a coalition government and a united army, including the UNITA troops. In mid 1997, the leader of UNITA refused to go back to Zambia because of lack of security, and the president accused him of failing to comply with the treaty, tension rose and the war started. After the death of the UNITA leader by the government in 2002, the government and other UNITA leaders signed a treaty to work together.

 

 

 

Policy Statements:


A. Disarmament:

(1) Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons.

Angola supports this issue. Angola suffered from civil war, and its security was threatened due to the fear that nuclear weapons Would come into the hands of anyone. Angola and nearly all Africa security was in jeopardy when South Africa had nuclear weapons. Angola think that nuclear weapon must depart earth and non nuclear states must be formed to maintain earths safety, human’s safety. Angola thinks that all the countries in the world which encompass nuclear weapons must neutralize their nuclear weapons together at the same time which will stop the suffering of planet earth and decrease ecocide.

 

(2) Reducing the availability of firearms to civilians and stopping the illegal trafficking of such.

Angola thinks that this issue carries a great deal of importance. Each year too many people die from the illegal use of firearms. How will be the world if firearms availability will be reduced. Angola thinks that people will go to graveyards much less with this issue. Angola knows that the availability of firearms on its land caused many deaths, cause many orphans, caused many widows, caused many crippled people and caused hunger to rule Angolans for many years. Angolan government dealt with this situation with great skill at first it united with the UNITA and then pervaded the odor of piece all over its land, which gradually demolished violence. Angola truly thinks that it can help the world to get rid of this problem.

 

(3) The role of science and technology in preventing terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction.

Science and technology are two great powers but the questions is can they prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction alone. Angola’s answer is that science and technology cant prevent terrorists of acquiring weapons of mass destruction, science is what made them get weapons of mass destruction. Science and technology are only factors that will aid humans. In these days terrorist are the people who have and possess the most advanced technology , this phenomena is quite obvious because the greatest terrorists were never cached. Angola thinks that technology must be used to stop the spread of weapons of mass destruction but before that concealing technology must be vaporized.

 

(4) Creating a treats on cyber warfare

Cyber warfare have became a great problem in our world. Millions and Billions of dollars are threatened to disappear from people or government accounts in seconds due to cyber war fare. Angola greatly condemns any country that does not have sanctions on hacker that circulate the world system pervading fear. Angola thinks that the world must standup as one fist and fight those terrorists that use their keyboards instead of there guns. Angola did not suffer from cyber warfare yet, but its sure that as soon as internet will be spread in its land cyber warfare will control its net.

 

 

B. Environmental:


1) Promotion of new and renewable sources of energy including the implantation of the World Solar Program 1996-2005.

Petroleum is a vital energy source for many countries all over the world. In fact, modern industrial depends on petroleum and its products. In addition, petroleum is used in the manufacture of medicines and fertilizers, foodstuffs, plastics, building materials, paints, cloth, and to generate electricity.

Angola believes that oil shouldn't be replaced by any other energy sources; which could not be as efficient and useful. Almost all cities use oil for energy. Also, petrochemicals are used widely over the world. It is almost impossible to replace oil with any other energy source. While is oil considered too dangerous? There are many other issues that are more dangerous than oil. Oil is cheap and vital in this world. Why take a risk and replace it? In addition, oil is very vital to many countries' economy. So why put there economy in great danger? Think twice before supporting the World Solar Program. We are not against the World Solar Program, but we find it unnecessary.

 

2) Slowing the extinction of rare and endangering species.

Many plants and animals are in danger of extinction, the dying off of all individuals of a species. Over 34,000 plant species and 5,200 animal species are threatened with extinction, and many other thousands get extinct each year before biologists can identify them.

Angola believes that extinction of some species is a very dangerous issue; threatening each forest in the world. However those animals are sometimes killed for the survival of a human. We urge the UN to help us, so that killing those animals won't be our only choice. Help us economically, and we won't kill those animals. Stop blaming us, and help us.

 

3) Promoting the sustainable development of the world's forests and preventing deforestation and habitat destruction.

Forests in the world are suffering deforestation in a very fast rate; which is very dangerous. This is happening because of the importance of wood, which is causing an unsustainable loss of trees. Also, forests are getting diseases that impede the level of growth in forests. This also affects the living species in those forests.

Even though we believe that this issue is dangerous; what have no choice but to cut down our trees. What choice do we have if a citizen's life is on one hand and our trees are on another hand. Do we lose citizens in order to save trees? We love our forests, but we love our people more. Put yourself in our place, we're sure you'd do the same thing we're doing. Don't just sit there and condemn us for cutting down our trees. We need your utmost attention; help us economically and give us donations; so that we don't have a reason to cut down our trees. We urge each country to help us economically as much as they can to keep our nature safe. We need your help and attention. If you say that you care about the environment, don’t ignore us.

 

4) The issue of cyberpollution.

Cyberpollution can be defined as any unwanted material or trash in a computer. Such as illegal programs, which cause brainwashing or cause ethnic violence, and porn.

This isn’t the largest issue in Angola. However, Angola is against any type of illegal programs that change people’s beliefs. People who are spreading cyber pollution should be stalked and forced to pay fees. Keeping in mind, that the money from those fees could be very useful. Why not giving those fees to countries that need them? Countries should be able to discover the identity of the people causing cyber pollution. Also, Angola is with the idea of technology; unless it isn't harmful.

 

5) Prohibition of the dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes.

Making mass destruction nuclear weapons causes radioactive and toxic waste. This issue is not dangerous for the present as much as it is dangerous for the coming generations. Radioactive wastes remain active for thousands of years. How could hundreds of generations live with this threat? This issue, for example, is much more important and dangerous than replacing oil. However, we are not saying that making those weapons should come to an end. Some countries, such as the 52 stars, are extremely wise with the use of weapons. What we mean is that we should eliminate from the effect of the wastes produced by making these weapons.

Angola believes that we should deal with this problem to keep the next generations safe. Many generations are about to come. We should not put them in danger of radioactive waves. This is a very serious problem that should not be ignored. We should deal with this waste and find a way to get rid of it not on land. Also, this waste negatively affects land and plant growth, which makes the problem even more dangerous. This will make countries lose so much money. Why put our economies in danger just because of toxic wastes. We urge agriculture countries to take action. Most importantly, don’t think that waste from oil extraction is dangerous. Believe it or not, this waste is very useful. For your information, many oil extraction gas wastes could be refined into very useful gas products for us. For example, medicines, coals, and many other products. Some of these useful wastes are sulphate, ammonia, and carbon…etc. so, don’t think that oil extraction wastes is a problem to solve.

 

6) Food safety risks derived associated with the GMF and foods derived from biotechnology.

Biotechnology is to manipulation of biological organisms to make products that are "supposed" to be useful to human beings. Biotechnology is applied on foods. As we all know, many scientists and people are against the idea of biotechnology being applied on food. If geniuses are against it, we shouldn't we? Biotechnology is very harmful because whenever it is applied on an organism, it upsets its natural balance. We also fear that experiments conducted for biotechnology will cause world wide diseases; if the DNA specimens are released from the laboratory. Don’t we have enough diseases in the world to deal with? Are we ready to tolerate a new disease?

In addition, if our citizens are healthy, they could work and make our country wealthier. They could make money. We need healthy people to make our country a wealthier place. Whether we admit it or not, there are food safety risks in the world. Remember, how could an ill citizen be helpful to his country? Health is the base of every achievement. We wish that the UN will take action toward this problem, so that our economy won't be affected any more.

 

 

c. Human Rights:


1. Establishing definitive rights for Kurdish people.

Defining Kurdish people as "A member of a pastoral and agricultural people inhabiting the transnational region of Kurdistan in southwest Asia". Angola has no relations with the Kurds and are not connected to each other. Since Angola is peaceful country and wants peace to roam all over the earth, Angola is with establishing and granting the Kurds their rights.

 

2. The issue of people without passports "Bedouin."

Defining Bedouin as people who do not have a nationality nor a passport. Angola does not face the problem of Bedouin since all of the Angolan population have passports. Angola urges the world to solve the problem of Bedouin either by giving them nationality of the country they currently live in or the country they are originally from.

 

3. Creation of a charter of economic rights.

The creation of an economic charter is essential for the increase of international trade. The creation of this charter will, also, insure the trade rights of the developing nations. This charter can insure that the developed nations and the developing nations can be equal in their rights and have the same benefits. This charter can also protect the people of the developing nations, which are suffering from weak economies, from people that use their powers to benefit themselves only to become wealthier.

 

4. The threat of infringement of human rights posed by the implementation of anti-terrorism policies and practices.

Using "War against Terrorism" to breach human rights by threatened countries is not accepted by us the Africans, the Middle Eastern and the rest of the world. We stand firmly against this movement. Yes, countries should protect their land from those who hate them, but not as much as they do now. Singling out people because of their race or religion is not acceptable; mind you that the terrorists could be from this same country. Going through detailed metal detectors is enough. These detectors could reveal any weapon a terrorist could use. Violators of these human rights should be prosecuted.

 

5. Protection of the political rights of indigenous peoples, their outstanding land claims, and their right to self-determination.

Indigenous People are defined as, "People that are native or belonging naturally to a place." Most indigenous people’s rights are not given to them and very much ignored by the claimer of the land, the new people. The land is the right of these indigenous people. They must be given their rights and have good representation, and a strong voice in their country. These people should live in harmony with their fellow citizens.

 

6. The question of displaced persons as a result of political, social, and economic crises.

Wars, all wars, leave many people displaced in neighboring countries and other countries. Some people return to their homeland after the war ends, but some could not return to their homelands because of their situation, either financial or physical. Some these people live in sleazy refugee camps along the border that relay on humanitarian aid. These people are pitiful and need some help.

These people should have free transportation to their homeland immediately. Their homes should be repaired with the assistance of humanitarian organization. These people should not live in bad conditions in refuge camps. This is a clear violation of human rights, so we must solve this problem.

 

 

d. Social:


1) The issue preservation and establishment of defined rights for suffers from diseases such as SARS and AIDS.

SARS, or Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome is a recently discovered disease that was described as a killing disease, in which SARS first appeared on November 2002 in Southern China. Although SARS took the lives of a lot of people, the cause of this killing disease is still unidentified. This disease was a great threat because the cure is still undiscovered. In addition AIDS, or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, is also a dangerous disease in which it still stays without a cure. Angola currently suffers from this disease, AIDS. The adult prevalence rate on AIDS is 2.78%. People living with AIDS are 160,000. The deaths due to AIDS are 15,000. So this issue is seriously affecting Angola.

Angola is looking forward to solve this problem, in which Angola is taking this issue seriously. This issue has spread really fast in Africa, infecting victims, causing most of them to die. Angola is seriously devastated by the quick spread of the killing diseases, in which prevalence rate is 2.78% to adults. Also 15,000 people died due to AIDS. Can you believe that? It’s unbelievable. Highly educated doctors can work to find the cure for this disease. Angola needs money to educate doctors and get high levels of medicine. To stop these diseases, Angola believes that encouraging the establishment of defined rights to victims of these diseases may be a solution. All what we need is money to build hospitals and isolated areas. Also, it encourages the creation of a cure. In addition, it calls for creating a system to prevent the spread of those diseases.

 

2) The issue of the role of schools in promulgating and spreading violent ideologies.

Violence has taken over lots of people, in which violence has been defined as being aggressive or brutal. Studies proved that violence is the key to wars, crimes, creating fights and gangs. Angola has been a victim of this enormous problem, in which it has been facing wars for the past quarter century. So it means that Angola is really looking to solve this problem. In addition, studies proved that the best time to stop this violence in people is when they are young, especially in school, where it is considered the best. But in some countries, parents don't send their kids to school. That’s why the get violent as they grow.

Angola is seriously looking forward to solve this problem. The reason is that it has been facing war for the past quarter century. Now, that it knows the reason, Angola must solve this situation. Angola believes that building new schools or renewing old school, by United Nation's fund, parents are encouraged to send their kids to school, because now that education is free. In addition, reward can be given to brilliant students and launch will bee served at school. That time, parents to send their kids to school where kids are taught to become friendly and kind, since school is the best time to stop violence.

 

3) The issue the need for secure safe forms of transportation in developing and underdeveloped nations.

These days, transportation isn’t secure anymore. In which the road is full of dangerous traps, especially in underdeveloped countries. The transportation is not safe to us, in which theft is present; also, the bigger problem is accidents between transportation vehicles. In addition, the mountain roads are unstable. Also, this situation may affect the development of underdeveloped countries, by stopping down the advancing of the underdeveloped countries. This is a very serious problem facing us and we must solve.

Angola wants to solve this problem as quick as possible, because Angola is one of the victims of this problem in which Angola is developing its economy and the issue of secure transportation is holding up the advancing of the economy. In addition, the population is suffering because goods, such as food and life basics, are not reaching them. That’s why this tragedy must stop. Angola believes that this may stop by funds from the UN to renew or build new road ways and tunnels through mountains. Also, Angola need money to get maintenance for it road ways and rail ways, because they are not good at all and also not secure. This seams to be a good solution to solve this problem.

 

4) The issue of adapting traditional societies to modernity.

Traditions have been the locked door that’s leads to the advanced education. Tradition is the passing down of elements of a culture from generation to generation. The tradition for some people is not to go to school. When kids don’t go to school, the population of the uneducated people grows, when there are lots of people are uneducated, the country gets late in advancing causing it to become late in every category. Angola has also suffered from this problem. In which the tradition holding groups refuse to take their kids to school. This may affect the development of the country. Angola is a victim of this problem that’s why it is threatened to get late in development.

Angola is seriously looking forward to solve this problem because it has that problem and it want to get rid of it. This is a very serious problem facing it. The best solution, and Angola believes, is that funds from the UN to renew, or build new schools to encourage students and parents to go to school, especially that the current school are not so good that’s that may be the reason to that parent don’t allow their kids to go to school. When the UN supports the education, the schools will be much better encouraging the parents and kids to go to school. Also, when a rule is made that force civilians to go to school to educate the uneducated people, and make the country advanced and well developed.

 

5) Maintaining a reasonable standard of living for the elderly

Elderly lived their life, now that it is about to end, elderly should not suffer just because they don't have the strength to work. In most of the under development countries, elderly sit their suffering without food, without homes just because they can't work. That's when life gets unfair. Elderly should enjoy the end of their lives. Angola also has this huge problem, in which elderly have no work, no food, and no homes, because in underdeveloped countries, retired people don't get retirement salary. This salary, can affect the life of lots of elderly.

Angola is looking forward to solve this problem, because also, Angola's elderly have suffered too. Angola believes that the way to solve this problem is to create a house of elderly, by fund of United Nations, to keep old people in it with available sleeping rooms and food supply with medication to keep elderly in shape. Also, it would make it if retired people are offered retirements salary. This way, elderly won't have to suffer from the hunger and free time. In addition, club will be made where elderly meat to talk and enjoy playing card and watching TV. This should a very nice solution.

 

6) The role of science and technology in social development including questions relating to the world's youth, aging, disabled persons and the family.

Science and technology has a great role in improving the social development. Technology, such as internet and media, can increase the social development. Advertising on the TV or radio for disabled people can result huge amounts of donations to help support the disabled by purchasing improved, comfortable wheel chairs, and other living needs. In addition, be adding educational websites on the internet, and advertising it, can result by using up youth's free time in lots of useful, additional education. For science, the same thing can happen, by creating scientific centers and libraries can give huge benefits to the whole family. Also, for aging people, they can learn ways to grow in a healthy way in which they don’t face illness and viruses. That’s how science and technology play a great role in social development.

The society in Angola is suffering, the youth are lost, with very low education, people are aging unhealthy, and disabled are forgotten, and the family is scattered. Angola is seriously damaged and is looking forward to solve it. So, Angola believes the role of science and technology, and it also believes that science and technology can solve Angola's social problems. The only problem is that Angola's government is very poor and can't afford getting those technologies and sciences. But it would really help solve problems, especially social problems. So, this is the solution to the social problems in Angola and other suffering countries.

 

7) The issue of economic and technical cooperation among developing countries.

Cooperation is necessary, especially between developing countries. This technical and economic cooperation can give lots of benefits to both cooperating sides. For example, a developing county needed petroleum, another developing country could either sell the petroleum and gain money, or exchange it with any other thing it needs. This way, both sides got what it wanted. So, this operation is secure and useful, especially for developing and poor countries that are rich in natural resources. Developing countries won't face any problems because whenever it needs anything, it could buy or exchange it with any thing the other country wants, and non of the sides will lose.

Angola will support this technical and economic cooperation. Especially that it is rich with natural resources such as oil, and it can not use it in the best way. Angola can exchange oil with other needed things such as food, water and life necessary needs. This way Angola can secure for the population all it needs such as hospitals and schools. The Angola can take great advantage of this cooperation to help developing countries and also get what it need and keep the population secure with the important things it needs. Angola totally supports this issue, and wouldn't like the exchange to stop, because Angola is not finding any thing why this cooperation must stop.

 

 

E. Security Council:

 

1. Ongoing disputes concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo:

As a nation that borders the Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola is greatly affected by the ongoing disputes in the country. The many years of political unrest and constant bloodshed between the government of Joseph Kabilla and Rwandan-backed guerrilla forces have taken their toll on millions of innocent men, women and children. This devastation must come to an end. In addition to all that, the part of the Congo that borders Angola might prove to be a refuge to UNITA rebels if action is not taken on our part.

Angola is extremely pleased with some of the recent developments in the area and is pleased to see that the Kabilla government has adopted measures that meet the rebel’s requirements and have lead to a minimization in the violence in the in the region. For many years, Angola has sent many of its troops to fight alongside the army of the government of Joseph Kabilla. We will continue to do so, for the interests of the peace and stability of our fragile nation.

 

2. Security concerns in the region of Cote D'Ivoire and Liberia:

As two fellow African nations, the security situation in Cote D’Ivoire and Liberia greatly concern Angola. The recent developments in that region, however, have been impressive and encouraging. Angola is content with the fact that president Charles Taylor has agreed to voluntarily step down from his post, saving the region from great tragedy. Angola also applauds the signing of a peace treaty in Cote D’Ivoire.

In Liberia, Angola firmly supports the idea of sending peacekeeping troops before the stepping-down of Charles Taylor. The sending of peace troops to the region should be the focus of this issue. After the resignation of Taylor is complete, Angola supports the installment of a democratically elected government. In Cote D’Ivoire, Angola would have absolutely no objection to sending a peacekeeping force to ensure peace and stability in the region.

 

3. The establishment of a WOMD-free zone in the Middle East:

Because Angola has been torn up in its own war for nearly three quarters of a century now, the Middle East is not of much concern to us. The middle east is a region that lies far from Angola, and therefore Angola is not in anyway affected severely by what goes on in it.

However, because Angola believes in international peace and in supports the interests of the entire world, it believes that we must sustain a nuclear-free middle east. This not only applies to the Arab states but also to Israel. Establishing a Middle East that is truly free from nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction would prove to be an essential step in maintaining world peace and stability.

 

4. The Security situation on the Korean peninsula:

Angola is not greatly affected by the situation of the Korean Peninsula. We have many more important domestic concerns that are more important to address than what lies thousands of miles away from us.

However, for the sake of international peace and in the interests of the free world, and with respect to its allegiance with the United States of America, Angola must demand that the Korean Peninsula be free of all weapons of mass destruction, and believes that the use of force is justified. As a nation with a barbaric past, North Korea has no right to posses such weapons, and allowing that to happen will put the entire region in turmoil, which will ultimately, spread to the entire world.

 

5. The role of the media in covering and encouraging warfare:

Angola is greatly appalled by the way the media has been used, since the aftermath of the September 11 attacks to the epilogue of the recent war in Iraq, namely singling out Arab media networks such as the Qatari-based Al- Jazeera and Al- Arabia. The many video and audio material that has been broadcast on such networks throughout this recent period shall be not tolerated, ranging from calls to carry out terrorist attacks made by Osama bin Laden and Saddam Hussein, to the display of American POWs being humiliated and abused for their family members to see.

Angola firmly believes that terror tapes must be banned from being displayed on any network and in any language, and supports severe prosecution to all who do not abide, including the counties in which these networks are based.

 

6. The final status of Bosnia:

As an issue that has passed for more than a decade and has relatively no effect on Angola or the international community, Angola is not in any way concerned with the final status of Bosnia.

 

7. Tensions in Indonesia and the Aceh province:

Tensions in Indonesia and the Aceh province do not affect Angola in any way, nor is it substantial enough to gain the attention of the international community. This is a domestic problem that concerns Indonesia and should be resolved by Indonesia, without and intrusion from the rest of the international community.

 

8. The ongoing dispute over the region of Kashmir:

The outcome of the Kashmir dispute could prove devastating to the entire world, as both India and Pakistan are nuclear powers, if it not resolved peacefully.

As a separation-supporting nation, Angola firmly believes that Kashmir should exist as an independent state, free from Indian and Pakistani rule and intervention. That is all Angola has to say, as it is not particularly concerned with this issue.

 

9. The Question of the use of Peacekeeping Forces in Africa, in particular, DR Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Liberia, Somalia, Central African Republic, and Western Sahara:

As a nation that has been in civil war for three-quarters of a century, Angola could have made good use of peacekeeping forces if they were made available at that time. The presence of peacekeeping troops could have prevented many of the mass causalities, many of which are still mourned for today. As a nation that borders the Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola is greatly affected by the ongoing disputes in the country. The many years of political unrest and constant bloodshed between the government of Joseph Kabilla and Rwandan-backed guerrilla forces have taken their toll on millions of innocent men, women and children. This devastation must come to an end. In addition to all that, the part of the Congo that borders Angola might prove to be a refuge to UNITA rebels if action is not taken on our part. As two fellow African nations, the security situation in Cote D’Ivoire and Liberia greatly concerns Angola.

The recent developments in that region, however, have been impressive and encouraging. Angola is content with the fact that president Charles Taylor has agreed to voluntarily step down from his post, saving the region from great tragedy. Angola also applauds the signing of a peace treaty in Cote D’Ivoire.

With respect to the use of peacekeeping forces, Angola fully advocates their deployment in Africa and believes that they are necessary in maintaining peace and stability in conflicted nations. In Côte d’Ivoire, peacekeeping troops can overlook the peace process and ensure that no violent outbreaks mar the cease-fire. In Liberia, peacekeeping forces can aid the transitional government by ensuring that peace is upheld. In the DR Congo, peacekeeping troops can aid the government of Joseph Kabilla in its fight against Rwandan-backed guerrilla forces, and cleanse the country from the presence of UNITA rebels.

On further notice, Angola would like to make it clear that not very long ago, two UN cargo planes carrying food and medical aid have been downed within eight years of each other in Angola by UNITA rebels. This is greatly indicative of poor performance. Angola would like to see and improvement in this, and this will hopefully be achieved by the end of our meetings today.

 

 

 

Resolutions and Clauses:

Commission: Disarmament:
Student: Dheidan Al-Shammari
Delegation:
Angola
Question of: Reducing the availability of firearms to civilians and stopping the illegal trafficking of such.

Defining Trafficking of illegal firearms as the trading of illegal firearms,

Noting with deep concern that illegal firearms are widely accessible in Africa due to civil wars in the region,

Fully Alarmed according to the UN ,documents of Department for Disarmament Affairs, that small arms are responsible for over half a million deaths per year, including 300,000 in armed conflict and 200,000 more from homicides and suicides;

Alarmed By according to the UN, documents of Department for Disarmament Affairs, that over 600 million small arms and light weapons (SALW) is circulating the world;

Aware that civilians are obtaining firearms by these methods: loss of legal firearms by police; hiring out of firearms by those in legal possession because of poor pay, black market sale of firearms,

Noting with deep regret that many refugees are able to smuggle firearms past the border without being detected,

Bearing in mind that we must strengthen border control in order to prevent the flow of illegal firearms into the country,

Noting with great appreciation the efforts of the IRG/APFO and the East African Co-operation and NISAT,

Convinced that the only way to impede illegal trafficking of firearms and reducing firearms availability of firearms can only be achieved through cooperation of delegations and approval of this resolution;

1) Encourages governments to put in place incentive schemes to collect and destroy weapons by:
A. offering rewards for civilians that turn in firearms,
B. implementing strict penalties for possession of and trading illegal firearms;

2) Requests that all countries that manufacture and poses firearms, by buying them from other countries to:
A. Not to sell firearms to terrorist organizations;
B. Not to sell firearms to organizations causing civil wars in any delegation ( i.e. UNITA was before an organizations that was causing a civil war in Angola and it received all its firearms from countries or companies which aided civil wars);

3) Further requests that the United Nations will address consequences to:
A. Countries that are involved in exporting firearms, after buying them from other delegations, to terrorist organizations or organizations causing civil wars in countries;
B. Companies in countries that export firearms to terrorist organizations or organizations that are causing civil wars;
C. Delegations that support illegal trafficking and are a huge hand in illegal trafficking;

4) Resolves the formation of a committee called UNFTW (united nations firearms trafficking watch) which would consist of satellites for monitoring areas between borders to
A. Seek out any illicit firearm trafficking and if discovered alert the country in which they are being moved to;
B. Add a task force which will be made up of highly qualified personals elected by the UN to:
C. aid countries suffering from illegal firearm trafficking, if the delegation request the aid by
1. locating checkpoints in specific areas of the border to detect unauthorized activities;

5) Further Resolves that all illegal traffickers apprehended in between borders by the UNFTW will be diverted to the ICJ, International Court of Justice, for prosecution, but if they are caught on a countries border they will be turned over the country owning the border;

6) Strongly Condemns all the countries that aid and support the illegal trafficking of firearms.

 

 

Forum: Environment
Submitted by: Angola
Student: Mays Al-Sa'ad
Question of: Promoting the sustainable development of the world's forests and preventing deforestation and habitat destruction.

Defining a forest as "a dense growth of trees, plants, and underbrush covering a large area, and deforestation as the removal of trees by the cutting down, burning, or damaging of forests,"

Aware that deforestation leads to desertification, increase of CO2 in the air, decrease of O2, and erosion,

Taking note that, according to www.geocities/luclite/Deforestation.html all people over the world need wood for paper, houses, buildings, and for commercial and industrial uses,

Bearing in mind, according in to an article in the World Rainforest Movement, almost all forests in Africa are threatened by deforestation,

Keeping in mind that there are at least 1.5 million forest-dwellers, just in Angola, that depend on materials from forests for survival as published in an article by the World Rainforest Movement,

Fully alarmed that, according to www.encarta.com, if the current rate of deforestation continues, the world's rain forests will vanish within 100 years-causing unknown effects on global climate and eliminating the majority of plant and animal species on earth,

Congratulates the adopt-a-forest programs in Brazil, Europe, North America….etc. for conserving forests and relatively decreasing deforestation,

Emphasizing that only 5% of the forests in the world are "adopted" and turned to national parks according to Encarta encyclopedia,

Pointing out the resolution achieved by the United Nations Conference of Environment and Development (chapter 26 of agenda 21), done in the General Assembly, that states the responsibility of each state and its citizens in conserving its forests; which obviously is useless,

1) Affirms the creation of the United Nations Organization for Decreasing Deforestation (UNODD) which will:
A. preferably consist of all the general assembly countries,
B. the location of the headquarters will be chosen later by the members of the UNODD;
C. publish a list of all member countries,
D. hire a member of workers and professional scientists to work on applying this resolution,
E. determine the salaries of those staff (salaries shouldn’t exceed 15% of the earned money from the forests),
F. help countries suffering deforestation economically form their forests by applying this resolution,

2) Recommends that the tasks of the UNODD, for a start, will be to:
A. benefit countries, suffering deforestation, economically form their forests by applying the coming clauses,
B. assign jobs to different people to apply the following clauses,
C. determine the salaries of those people;

3) Resolves that the UNODD plans on changing forests to either of the following based on the countries' choice (more details are to be given in the following clauses):
A. making natural shelters for sightseeing,
B. turning a forest into a national park,
C. making it a camping region,
D. it is also advised that the forest gets protected (for ex., by an enclosure) so that not any person could enter the forests,
E. if a country doesn't want to do any of these, it should give a logical reason, and the members of the UNODD members will vote whether applying the suggestion or not;

4) Requests that certain people get certain assignments, assigned by the UNODD, to make those forests a better place for tourism:
A. professional planters will deal with trees and improve their health and appearance,
B. highly-educated engineers will work on applying clause 3,
C. workers will be responsible for forming trails and remove anything that would impede tourists,
D. tour guides with a great informational background will guide tourists through the forests,
E. workers will collect entrance fees (the UNODD will decide how much), those workers will use what the know about deforestation to persuade people into donating money to save 'mother nature',

5) Further requesting that professional scientists also assigned by the UNODD, do the following:
A. search for new materials that can replace the ones we get from forests,
B. indicate the poisonous plants which will be cut (if the country wants to), by the workers, to make forests a safe place for tourists, those plants will be used later on in more useful things,
C. those scientists will determine the percentage of forests in each country that this plan could apply to, the country will get resources from the remaining forests ONLY;

6) Taking note that the UNODD will take advantage of publicity to advertise the opening of those forests for tourism at:
A. the UN's official website
B. TV stations (except at AL-Jazeera, Al-Arabia, and similar broadcasting companies);
C. brochures, made of recycled paper, which contain attractive photographs of the forests;

7) Assures members of the UNODD that they will all be benefited from their membership by:
A. workers will be chosen from countries that have illegal migrants and doesn't know 'what to do with them',
B. 10% of the members will have the chance to invest their money in this project and will get 10% of the earned money, those members will be chosen after voting procedures and will be changed every year,
C. the UNODD will take into consideration other suggestions, voting procedures will determine whether those suggestions are applied or not;

8) Designates that the money made from the forests will go to the country owning the forests, so that it improves its economy and lessens dependence on forest resources for food, heat, houses,.. etc;

9) Proclaims that the application of this resolution on a country has the following restrictions which are:
A. the country should really be suffering deforestation and needs economical help, this would be determined the UN's reports,
B. countries should only use the percentage of forests (refer to clause 5 –sub clause d) for resources, employers if the UNCDD will check once every 6 months on the forests, if reports showed that a country has exceeded the determined percentage it will owe countries of the UNCDD all the money it earned from tourism, however, nothing else will be canceled in the plan;

10) Further resolves that the percentage of forests that the country has been taking advantage of for resources will be replanted by (scientists will study how often each forest needs to be replanted):
A. money will be spent on seeds, machines, and water pipes for replantation,
B. forest-dwellers will be given a job to replant the forests (this way they'd have a job, get paid, and eventually move out of the forests),
C. substituting other methods of forest harvesting outlined above in place of clear-cutting;

 

 

Commission: Human Rights:
Issue: Creation of a charter of economic rights.
Forum: Human rights
Delegation: Republic of Angola
Student: Nasser Al-Aujan

Defining charter as "a document issued by a sovereign, legislature, or other authority, creating a public or private corporation, such as a city, college, or bank, and defining its privileges and purposes,"

Defining economic as "of or relating to the production, development, and management of material wealth, as of a country, household, or business enterprise," and rights as "conforming with or conformable to justice, law, or morality,"

Noting that according to the Economic Commission of Africa 10% of African Countries had negative GDP growth, and according to the Third World Network that all former Soviet Nations have negative GDP growth,

Aware that according to the Third World Network that GDP growth has a higher impact on poverty reduction,

Bearing in mind that all major economists believe, an increase in trade between any two countries would increase real GDP,

Regretting that tariffs significantly decrease trade between any two countries, thus decreasing the real GDP of these countries,

Recognizing that according to BBC Economic correspondent Andrew Walker, "The problem with using WTO procedures is that they are slow,"

1. Resolves the formation of a United Nations committee called the Committee for the Creation of an Economic Charter (CCEC), which the main goal would be to create an economic charter;

2. Further Resolves that the CCEC would be
A. A temporary committee for 18 months after the date of the passing of this resolution,
B. The members would consist of economist form members countries of the United Nations and one representative of the IMF and the World Bank;

3. Emphasizes that this economic charter is:
A. Open to all UN member,
B. Voluntary,
C. Any UN members that chooses not to participate can do so;

4. Affirms that the main goals of the economic charter would be to:
A. Decrease interest rates of loans,
B. Increase international trade,
C. Ease the transfer of goods and services;

5. Declares that the economic charter will state that any country that has a negative GDP growth, not due to a war, should:
A. Receive low interest rates of 1% on any loan from the IMF and the World Bank
B. Let the loans be repaid during 5 years,
C. Send IMF agents to inspect that the loan is used for the growth of the GDP;

6. Notes that the economic charter will include a clause stating that tariffs should be lifted from any primary product manufactured by a country and on factors of production and primary products, which will increase trade;

7. Decides that the economic charter will ease the transfer of goods and services through:
A. Easing customs procedures,
B. Issuing low interests of insurance on transfer ships and airplanes through the IMF;

8. Resolves the formation of the International Court of Economic Justice (ICEJ), which will become a part of the ICJ, and:
A. The headquarters of the ICEJ will be in The Hague,
B. The main goal of the ICEJ is to ensure economic justice all over the world,
C. The ICEJ will consist of 3 judges from different UN member countries that will be elected every three years,
D. A special session will be held to instantly resolve any economic dispute that is not resolved within one year;

9. Encourages all UN member countries that signed this charter to abide by the economic charter and follow its rules and regulations that they signed on and never violate it, violating countries will be:
A. Prosecuted by the ICEJ, through:
I. Investigating the violation,
II. Calculating the costs,
B. Fined based on the judgment of the prosecutor;

10. Further Decides that any signer of this charter, after five violations, will be put on trial to discuss whether to block this violation country from this charter and do not enjoying any of its luxuries and benefits with the approval.

 

 

Commission: Social
Issue: The issue of the role of schools in promulgating and spreading violent ideologies.
Student: Abdullah Al-Ibrahim


Defining violence as being brutal or aggressive by cruel and harmful behaviors or actions,

Keeping in Mind that world terrorism, such as the September 11th attacks, wars and crimes, such as murder and robberies, are all as a result of violence in people, which was planted from violent ideologies,

Noting with deep concern that miseducation by people such as Charles Taylor who came with the idea of child solder is a major source of violent ideologies and there are 300,000 child soldiers in the world and 120,000 are African children who have been forced,

Have studied that between 1976 and 1994 an estimated 37,000 children were murdered, as the US department of Justice said in March 1996,

Recalling that 6 million boys and 4 million girls are involved in fights every year on school grounds, as Kathy Noll, the author of a bullying book, said

Noting with deep concern that, as Craig Kielburger, the Founder and Chair of " free the children organization" said, over 2 million children have lost their lives and another 4 to 5 million have been disabled as a result of military conflicts,

Fully alarmed that the social life in the world have been suffering from the violence in the population, that cause fights, robberies and murder,

Deeply regretting that, according to CNN world news website, 29% of the movies released are violent movies that gives violent ideologies to the watchers,

Pointing out that all the numbers that have died or injured, or have been under bullying or violence, or watch violent movies get violent ideologies and turn to become violent,

Expecting schools to help decrease violent ideologies in children and help stop it, since it is the best stage to stop violent ideologies, so children grow up to be not violent but friendly,

Expressing its appreciation to the organization that are helping to decreasing the violent ideologies, such as the UNICEF, UNESCO and UNDHR,

Fully believing that stopping or decreasing violent ideologies to humans may result in world peace,

1) Resolves the creation of a sub-organization of the UNISCO called the UNODVI (United Nation Organization of Decreasing Violent Ideologies) which is specified for decreasing violent ideologies and it is an independent and is responsible for all assigned to it further on in this resolution;

2) Further resolves the UNESCO to choose from the education experts and physiologist that will be assigned to lead the UNODVI which goals to:-
A. Decrease the violent ideologies spread,
B. Provide awareness programs about violence,
C. disarm as many child solders as possible,

3) Requests that the UNODVI has the headquarters in New York, and has a couple of branches in every content,

4) Urges the UNODVI to create a committee, that consists of no more than 20 violence exerts I each branch, that will study physiology of citizens of the country that is most severely affected by violence as a result of violent ideologies, to the country second affected and on, this decision based on:
A. Recent wars,
B. Terrorists attacks,
C. Large numbers of child solders,
D. Dangerous crimes and gangs,
E. Fights within young children,

5) Calls upon the UNODVI to take permission from the UN and the government of the country that is mostly affected by violence to be present and to fix the problem,

6) Recommends that the UNODVI will solve the problems with the following:-
A. Create an advertising campaign that will give awareness to violence,
B. Create violence awareness programs in media using the TV and radio,
C. Give lectures, by violence experts, to discuss violence and it's negative sides,
D. Decrease the creation of violent movies or give warnings before the movie begins showing that the movie is fiction, and will face consequences when done in real life
E. Create schools and give free education,

7) Further requests the UNODVI to provide following in the school:
A. Provide education to students, since it is the best time to clear from violent ideologies,
B. Rewards are given to brilliant students,
C. Give free lectures by experts to students and teachers about violence,
D. Teachers that encourage students to be friendly to others,
E. Teachers that will always show the negatives of violence, such as injuries or death,
F. Teachers that help students solve problems without violence, such as councilors

8) Expresses its hope the UNODVI will have advertising campaigns in the media, it will be to aware citizens from violence and sources of violent ideologies to avoid them, and also, they can decrease the violent movies that are produced, or show a warning at the beginning so watchers are able to know that the movie is not real, after the UNODVI finishes from a country, it works on the other

9) Invites the UNODVI to create teacher workshops in which teachers are taught how to teach and help students without violence and how to make the students friendly.

10) Recommends the UNODVI to create a summer program that will:
A. Allow the students to work for school or community service,
B. Teach the students how to work and depend on themselves,
C. Pay these students wages according to the working hours,

11) Further invites the UNODVI to negotiate with military sides that have child solders to try to free them, even if a side asks for a certain amount of money which is less than $100 per child, then takes the children and provide them education,

12) Further recommends that the UNODVI have the right to take 5% of wages of any student who graduated from these schools unless his/her wage was less than 100 dollars per month,

13) Encourages all countries to cooperate and help solve this problem.

 

 

Commission: Security Council:

Issue: The Question of the use of Peacekeeping Forces in Africa, in particular, DR Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Liberia, Somalia, Central African Republic, and Western Sahara:
Country: Angola
Student: Hamad Al-Essa

1. Demands that all states concerned take immediate steps to end the illegal exploitation of natural resources and other forms of wealth in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, or face severe economic and financial consequences arranged by the council in a future meeting;

2. Decides to outlaw all legitimate trafficking and trade of diamonds that bear the chemical signature of Congolese conflict diamonds, and requests that all parties dealing in such diamonds end there such transactions immediately or face consequences arranged by the council in a future meeting;

3. Resolves that the arms embargo imposed by paragraph 20 of resolution 1493 (2003) shall be extended another six months;

4. Requests the United Nations to not intervene politically in Liberia and allow the diplomatic process of the transitional government to carry on without foreign pressures;

5. Declares the establishment of a United Nations stabilization force to support the transitional government of Liberia, which will:
A. Be composed of roughly 2.7 thousand military personnel, of which
I. 70% are American
II. 25% are European
III. 05% are Arabic
B. Consist of, also, roughly 7.5 hundred medical personnel, and leaves the structure and mandate of this medical force to the secretary general,
C. Be deployed in the region within a time frame of 3 months, and will stay until recalled by the council at any time.

6. Reminds all nations, including the USA, of the roots of this conflict and of their obligation to solve it.

7. Resolves that a grand total of $ 10.2 billion is to be sent to the conflict area in Western Africa as financial relief aid and humanitarian assistance, and will:
A. Be payable directly to the legitimate governments of the region
B. Be paid through:
I. The IMF/Worldbank (71.00%)
II. The FOSAA (Financial Office of the Special Adviser on Africa) (29.00%)
C. Be immune to all sanctions and other barriers,

 

 

 

 

IV. Opening Speeches:

a. General Assembly:

Ola, greetings from the Republic of Angola.

Allow me to paint for you a picture of the day of a typical Angolan citizen. This man wakes up from his warm bed near his loving wife early in the morning. He washes his face with dirty water from the local well; he changes into his dirty cloths and takes a small loaf of bread. He heads out to the uranium mine. He works for a tiring straight 14 hours for only $5 a day, which he will use to feed his wife and three daughters. After working, he starts the return journey to his loving house smiling on the thought of seeing his family. He crosses the way of the vicious rebel guerrillas where they take him and executed him with a bullet in between his eyes. Thank You.

 

b. Security Council:

Azekiel Azikiwe Fernandez wakes up on the early dawn of March the tenth in his undersized mud hut on the sound of gunfire and the rumble of an exploding land mine nearby. His stomach growls and his mouth is extremely dry because of going on without food or water for over two days in his impoverished and war-stricken nation, the Republic of Angola. He searches, in vain, for his two young children and his wife in the darkness of the hut. Letting out a cry of distress, he quickly springs up from his crouching position and runs out the door, only in time to see his wife and children being driven away in the back of a UNITA rebel truck, probably to be forced to enlist in the rebel army, or to meet any other equally menacing fate. Letting out another cry of anguish and terror, he runs after them, limping on his left leg, gasping for air. Running has not been easy since his left foot was amputated by the rebels several years ago. As he nears the truck, one of the rebels raises his weapon and shouts out a blunt warning. Azekiel ignores him, and in continuing his run pleas for his family to be returned to him. Without any further warning, the rebel takes aim at Azekiel’s head- and fires a deafening bullet. With a muffled cry of defeat, Azekiel falls to the ground before the very eyes of his wife and two children.

For more than seventy-five years now, this has been the parallel of the life of a typical man living in The Republic of Angola. And, I stand before you today as a representative of that nation, listening to you bicker and dispute a less than six-month-old diplomatic conflict on the Korean Peninsula, or a nuclear-free middle east that has never been otherwise. As a result, I firmly believe that the time has come for us, as a united council, to focus on the people in life that are truly in need of all the help we can offer …

Thank you very much.

"All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing."


Cut-down Version:

Azekiel Azikiwe Fernandez wakes up on the early dawn of March the tenth in his undersized mud hut on the sound of gunfire. His stomach growls and his mouth is extremely dry because of going on without food or water for over two days in his impoverished and war-stricken nation, the Republic of Angola. He searches, in vain, for his two young children and his wife in the darkness of the hut. He quickly springs up from his crouching position and runs out the door, only in time to see his wife and children being driven away in the back of a truck. Letting out another cry of anguish and terror, he runs after them, limping on his left leg, gasping for air. As he nears the truck, one of the rebels raises his weapon and shouts out a blunt warning. Azekiel ignores him, and in continuing his run pleas for his family to be returned to him. Without any further warning, the rebel takes aim at Azekiel’s head- and fires a deafening bullet. With a muffled cry of defeat, Azekiel falls to the ground before the very eyes of his wife and two children.

For more than seventy-five years now, this has been the parallel of the life of a typical man living in The Republic of Angola. And, I stand before you today as a representative of that nation, listening to you bicker and dispute a less than six-month-old diplomatic conflict on the Korean Peninsula, or a nuclear-free middle east that has never been otherwise. As a result, I firmly believe that the time has come for us, as a united council, to focus on the people in life that are truly in need of all the help we can offer …

Thank you very much.

 

 

 

STATEMENTS OF DELEGATES

 

Dheidan Al-Shimmari (Disarmament):

In the KFSAC event I played an interesting role in the disarmament commission. I spoke more than thirty times, speaking with two resolutions, which passed, and speaking against others. Nigeria’s resolution, which I spoke against in the disarmament commission, had passed in the disarmament commission yet it faced an extraordinary failure in the general assemble after the honorable delegates were actually listening to my speech. Egypt resolution couldn’t pass the disarmament commission after receiving heavy attacks from me. My attacks on Egypt resolution lead to a ration of three to one in the votes, which made the resolution a shame to the delegate. One resolution which I voted against yet never got the chance to speak against has also passed, alarming that no country spoke against this resolution. Bringing into mind that Angola was the main submitter of its resolution without merging its resolution with any other country. Before concluding I just want to mention that Angola caused the United States Of America a great loss in allies and cause Libya and Somalia to have the incentive to declare war, the speech was projected to delegates ears in showing the policy statement concerning emergency situation. Upon the US What is wonderful about my performance in this event that the honorable chair told the assembly in the closing ceremony that he was astonished by Angola’s performance in the disarmament commission.

 

Mays Al-Sa’d (Environmental):

Angola is a corrupted country, and its citizens are starving. In this event, I tried to gain countries' sympathy toward Angola, through my seven speeches. If what we did was real, I expect that Angola would've received more donations from rich countries. That would've really helped Angola. Also, countries, such as the US, are condemning Angola for cutting down its trees. In the event, I made it clear that the citizens cut down the trees because they have no they have no other choice or else they'd die. So, I made it clear that Angola shouldn't be condemned. Instead, it should be helped economically. So, some countries' view toward Angola changed. Some countries used to think that Angola cuts down its trees for money, which is not true. At the same time, countries suffering Angola's same problem applauded Angola for bringing the issue up during the event. So, Angola was supported by many African countries. Also, I condemned the US for threatening Angola. This told countries that Angola believes that each country should have national sovereignty, which nobody has the right to intervene in. That made some countries, which hate the US, stand beside Angola. Finally, Angola developed better relations with Russia, Latvia, India, and Georgia after I lobbied and merged with them.

 

Abdulla Al-Ibrahim (Social):

In the KSAA event of 2003, I represented Angola; I was in the social commission. The event was very interesting and the most important part that I had to speak more than 20 times. My resolution was debated, and I was the main submitter of the resolution. This was the first time for me to do a resolution and gets debated, so I acted professional and as an expert. First, I was called to read my resolution, that’s the best part of the event, then I talked for the resolution. Unfortunately, my resolution didn’t pass, but it was close. But I learned lots of lessons from this event. Generally, I did well for a first time. I am willing to make a better job in AMMAN.

 

Hamed Al-Essa V. Ambassador (SC, Vice-Ambassador):

After participating in this rather eccentric Security Council, I cannot but say that I am glad to be a student of The Al- Bayan Bilingual School and am greatly privileged to be a part of its renowned Model United Nations program and not that of another school. As the vice-ambassador of an African Security Council country, I spent the majority of my time preparing a resolution to deal with the volatile situations in West Africa and Southwest Africa, my country's neighborhood. Unfortunately, the highly detailed close prepared to deal with Liberia went against the wishes of the United States which, realistically, led the opposition to voting down this clause. The resulting resolution on Africa was, therefore, much weaker. The crisis situation was somewhat unrealistic and hence disappointing. Taking part in this oddity has made me truly see the standard of Model United Nations programs and participants in Kuwait, and that the path me must walk is long if we are to reach a level of "professionalism."

 

Naser Al-Aujan Ambassador (HR and Ambassador):

In first KSAAMUN held in American International School, Kuwait, I Naser Al-Aujan, was the ambassador of the People’s Republic of Angola. Angola played a great role in all committees. All of the delegates in all committees were main-submitters of a resolution, however, only one was debated and failed to pass the Social committee. In the human rights committee, Angola fought for what it thinks is right and attacked and destroyed what was bad for the international community. During the emergency situation, Angola had a few riots against the American imperialistic acts. Angola refused the action taken by the United States of America and the war between it and Cameroon, which threatens the existence of the Black continent. Angola cut all oil exports, which is mostly exported to the US and EU, because of the war. Our security council delegate played a good role, for he intimidated the chair and forced him to take his permission before doing anything.