Cote D'Ivoire

Event: KITMUN 2003

Students:

Ahmed Al Jouan, Disarmament committee
Bader Al Mailem, Environment
Mohammad Ben Essa, HR, Ambassador
Maha Sartawi, Social


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The Ivorian National Anthem



L'Abidjannaise: (Song of Abidjan)

Original French Words

Salût O Terre d'Espérance
Pays de l'Hospitalité
Tes Légions remplies de vaillance
Ont relevé ta Dignité
Tes Fils chère Côte d'Ivoire

Fiers artisans de ta grandeur
Tous rassemblés pour ta gloire
Te bâtiront dans le bonheur
Fiers Ivoiriens,
Le Pays nous appelle

Si nous avons dans la Paix
Ramené la liberté
Notre devoir sera d'être un modèle
De l'espérance promise à l'Humanité
En forgeant unis dans la Foi nouvelle
La patrie de la vraie fraternité
English Translation



English Translation

We salute you, O Land of Hope
Country of Hospitality;
Your legions full of bravery
Have enhanced your dignity.
Dear Côte d'Ivoire, your sons,

Proud builders of your greatness,
All together and for your glory,
Shall, in joy, build you up.
Proud Ivorians
The Country needs us.

If, in Peace we have
Brought liberty back,
Our duty is to be a model
Of the Hope promised to Humanity,
In forging united in the new faith
The fatherland of true brotherhood.



Cote D'Ivoire


 

Country Profile

 

Political structure:

Republic of Cote d'Ivoire which was known as Ivory Coast is a multiparty presidential regime which was established in 1960. It has 58 departments. It became independent from France in 1960. Its chief of state is President Laurent Gbagbo (since 26 October 2000). President Laurent took power after a rebellion of the temporary leader Gen. Robert Guei, who had claimed a doubtful victory in the presidential elections. Gen. Guei had power on 25 December 1999, after a military rebellion against the government of former the President Henri Konan Bedie. The head of government is Prime Minister Seydou Diarra (since 25 January 2003). He was appointed as transitional Prime Minister by President Gbagbo as part of a French brokered peace plan. The Council of Ministers are selected by the president. Presidents are elected by voting, and are elected for a five-year term. The last election was held in 26 October 2000. The National Assembly also known as the Assemblee Nationale has 225 seats. The members are elected in single and multi-district elections by voting, and are elected for five-year term. The last elections were held on 10 December 2000 with by-elections on 14 January 2001. They are planning to create a senate in the next election in 2005. The Supreme Court also known as Cour Supreme is made up of four chambers. Which are the Judicial Chamber the is responsible for criminal cases, Audit Chamber that is responsible for financial cases, Constitutional Chamber that is responsible for judicial review cases, and Administrative Chamber that is responsible for civil cases. And they have no legal limit to the number of members.

Cote d’Ivoire has many political parties. Here are some of them: The African Democratic Rally or PDCI-RDA (Aime Henri Konan Bedie), Ivorian Popular Front or FPI 9Laurent Gbagbo), Ivorian Worker's Party or PIT (Francis Wodie), Rally of the Republicans or RDR (Alassane Ouattara), Union for Democracy and Peace or UDPCI (Gen. Robert Guei), and over 20 other smaller parties.

 

Geography:

Cote d’Ivoire is located in western Africa on the Gulf of Guinea. The countries which border Cote d’Ivore are Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Ghana. The country consists of a coastal strip in the south, dense forests in the interior, and savannas in the north. The total area of Cote d’Ivore is 322,460 sq. km. The area of water is 4,460 sq. km. The area of land is 318,000 sq. km. The climate conditions of Cote d’Ivore are tropical along the coast, semiarid in the north. Cote d’Ivore has three seasons, warm and dry from November to March, hot and dry from March to May, hot and wet from June to October. The highest point of elevation in Cote d’Ivore is Mont Nimba 1,752 m, and the lowest point of elevation is the Gulf of Guinea 0 m. the land use in Cote d’Ivore is a divided into three categories. The arable land makes up 9.28% of the land used. The Permanent crops makeup the 13.84% of the land used, and the rest of land is made up of 76.88% which come under the other category. The natural hazards are that the coast has heavy surfs and no natural harbors, and during the rainy season torrential flooding is possible.

 

Natural Resources:

Cote d'Ivoire is filled with all of the best natural resources, they did not discover all the natural resources at once, and it took Cote d’Ivoire hundreds of years just for it to discover all of it natural resources, the natural resources that Cote d’Ivoire has found my digging or/and exploding are Petroleum, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, and copper, these are the mineral resources, even though Cote d'Ivoire is satisfied with its natural resources it still think that they can find more that would help and support them throughout the future.

 

Cultural Factors:

Cote d'Ivoire occupies a population of 16,804,784. The official language in Cote d'Ivoire is French, but for the most widely spoken and most used for people to express themselves is Dioula. Almost all Ivorians are black Africans. The population includes four major groups. The Akan (42.1%) live in the southeast, the Krous (11%) in the southwest, the northern Mandes (16.5%), the southern Mandes (10%), and the Voltaiques or Gur (176%) in the northeast. The four large groups are made up of many smaller groups. More than 60 languages are spoken in Cote D’Ivoire.

By early 1970’s, about 60% of the children were going to school. More than 40% attended High School. The University of Abidjan, founded 1959, has about 2,000 students, but of the Ivorians attended countries colleges out of Cote D’Ivoire. The religions are Christian 20-30%, Muslim 35-40%, indigenous 25-40% according to the 2001 establishment. But most of the foreigner’s workers are Muslim and Christian.

 

Economy:

Côte d'Ivoire is the world's largest producer of cocoa, accounting for over 40% of total output. The country is also Africa's largest producer of robusta coffee, and a main producer of palm oil. Economic growth is subject to marked fluctuations in revenue depending on international prices for these products and on weather conditions. Petroleum products have become increasingly important over the past hundred years. The manufacturing sector, which produces a wide variety of consumer goods for domestic and regional use, has expanded rapidly. The service sector, which accounts for some 30% of GDP, is mostly led by trade and transport activities.

Within the West African Franc Zone, Côte d'Ivoire is an economic giant, accounting for roughly 40% of total GDP produced in the Economic union and monetarist West African (UEMOA). Immigrant workers remittances play an important role for the country's landlocked neighbors and the country has a well-established infrastructure. However, recent events, such as the Civil War, may happen its performance.

 

Defense:

The military structure of the Ivorian Armed forces is divided into the following branches. The Army’s mission is to guarantee national security and the protection of the countries borders through the dividing of its forces into five operational zones one of the zones is temporary. The Navy’s mission is coastal surveillance and security of the nations 340 mile coastline it also responsible for the control of immigration and contraband within the lagoon system. The Air Force’s mission is to defend the nation’s airspace and provide transportation support to the other services.

The Paramilitary Gendarmerie is the national police force which is responsible for territorial integrity especially in rural areas. In times of national emergency or national crisis the gendarmerie could be used to reinforce the army and conducts its operations through four operational zones like the army but minus one which is the temporary zone. The Republican Guard (includes Presidential Guard) protects the president and key government installations like the Presidential Palace and the Parliament building. All these Branches make up the 17,000 strong Ivorian Armed Forces (FANCI). Cote d’Ivoire signed a mutual defense accord with France in 1961; this accord allows France to station French Forces in Cote d’Ivore.

 

Views on world problems:

Cote d'Ivoire is a country that does a lot of business with important countries such as France, China, and Italy. And to maintain the money flow it has to keep good relation with the countries it does business with. Cote d'Ivoire has good relations with The United States, and is always on its side or the side it takes. It is member of the ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, and WTrO.

 

History:

Cote D’Ivoire officially became a French colony in 1893. From 1904 to 1958, Cote D’Ivoire was a constituent unit of the Federation of French West Africa. I was a colony and an overseas territory under the Third Republic. Until the period following World War Two, governmental affairs in French West Africa were administered from Pairs. France’s policy in West Africa was reflected mainly in its philosophy of "association", meaning that all Africans in Cote D’Ivoire were officially French subjects without rights to representation in Africa or France. During World War Two, the Vichy regime remained in control until 1943. Charles De Gaulle’s provisional government assumed control of all French West Africa. The Brazzaville conference in 1944; the first constituent assembly of the Fourth Republic in 1946. France’s gratitude for African loyalty during World War Two led to far reaching governmental reforms in 1946. French citizenship was granted to all African "subjects", the right to organize politically was recognized, and various forms of forced labor were ended. A changing point in relations with France has occurred with the 1956 Overseas Reform Act, which transferred a number of powers from Paris to elected territorial governments in French West Africa and also removed remaining voting inequalities.

In December 1958, Cote D’Ivoire became a self-ruling republic within the French community as a result of a law that brought community status to all members of the old Federation of French West Africa except Guinea. Cote D’Ivoire became independent on August 7, 1960. Cote D’Ivoire contemporary political history is closely associated with the career of Felix Houphouet-Boigny, President of the republic and leader of the Parti Democratique de la Cote D’Ivoire until his death on December 7, 1993. After World War Two, and he was elected by a narrow margin to the first Constituent Assembly. Representing Cote D’Ivoire in the French National Assembly from 1946 to 1959. After his thirteen-year service in the French National Assembly, including almost three years as a minister in the French Government, he became Cote D’Ivoire’s first prime minister in April 1959, and the following years he was elected its first president. In May 1959, Houphouet-Boigny reinforced his position as a dominant figure in West Africa by leading Cote D’Ivoire, Niger, Upper Volta, and Dahomney into the council of the Entente, a regional organization promoting economic development. He maintained that the road to African solidarity was through step by step economic and political cooperation, recognizing the principle of none-intervention in the internal affairs of other African states. The country was originally known in English as Ivory Coast which caused problems when they translated the country’s name throughout other languages so; in October 1985 the government requested that the country be known as Cote D’Ivoire in every language. Houphouet-Boigny died on December 7, 1993, and was succeeded by his deputy Henri Konan Bedie. He was overthrown on 24 December 1999 by General Robert Guei, a former army commander sacked by Konan Bedie. Guei allowed elections to be held the following year, but when these were won by Laurent Gbagbo he at first refused to accept his defeat. But street protests forced him to step down, and Gbagbo became president on 26 October 2000.

 

POLICY STATEMENTS

Ahmed's Policy Statement: Disarmament Committee

(1) Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons

Cote d’Ivoire is deeply concerned about the rising numbers of nations trying to acquire nuclear arms and nations who posses nuclear arms and its main concern is in protecting countries who do not posses nuclear arms from this threat. Cote d’Ivoire urges all countries to accept this definition to this issue "The coming into use of an international agreement between nuclear and non-nuclear countries on helping non-nuclear countries in protecting themselves against the use of nuclear weapons on themselves". Cote d’Ivoire states the seriousness of this issue by these examples. The escalation in the North Korean Nuclear standoff. The exporting of nuclear materials to countries wanting to produce nuclear weapons from North Korea, The fact that some nations like Iran and Syria are trying to acquire and produce nuclear weapons, the persistence of terrorists in owning and using nuclear weapons.

Cote d’Ivoire supports assisting non-nuclear states against the use of nuclear weapons. Cote d’Ivoire believes that these measures should be implemented the first is the training of nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) reaction teams which will respond to these threats. These teams should be armed with the latest NBC gear which will protect from these weapons and allow them to clean the area of the residues of these weapons. The supplying of detection equipment to detect these weapons in these countries, the supplying of an early warning system to evacuate the area and make ready the teams which will respond to this threat. The supplying of anti-ballistic defense systems to countries that may be in real danger of being attacked.

 

(2) Reducing the availability of firearms to civilians and stopping the illegal trafficking of such

Cote d’Ivoire is deeply disturbed by the rise in the availability of firearms to civilians and the rise in the illegal trafficking of these weapons. Cote d’Ivoire is affirming that the definition of this issue is "Limiting the amount of firearms available for purchase to civilians and stopping the unlawful buying and selling of fire." We have seen the rise in civilian murders and gang violence in many countries these gangs and civilians get most of there firearms through illegal trafficking, so by curtailing the amount that is trafficked we can help many countries lower their murder rate. We have seen the number of illegal firearms that are sold rise dramatically and because of that crime in many countries has raised to very high levels. Cote d’Ivoire is strongly against the trafficking of firearms and curtailing the amount of firearms sold globally. Cote d’Ivoire has suffered from violence and does not want more life’s lost because of a firearm that’s why we are against this issue.

Cote d’Ivoire believes in setting up an international committee in the United Nations to Monitor reports of who is supplying firearms and to which countries and these countries would be put under pressure to stop this trade in illegal weapons and if these countries do not comply they will be subject to sanctions from the U.N. another solution is the signing of a treaty by all United Nations members banning them from exporting firearms only under strict guidelines.

 

(3) The role of science and technology in preventing terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction

Cote d’Ivoire is alarmed at the rise of terrorists who want to acquire weapons of mass destruction. Cote d’Ivoire asks all countries to consider this definition to this issue "The function of science and technology in stopping and putting an end to terrorists from buying weapons of mass destruction". Science and technology and help in stopping and preventing terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction. We have seen terrorists trying to develop chemical and biological weapons and have seen them being used in Afghanistan on videos. Some of these chemicals were VX nerve gas and Mustard gas which are both deadly. Science and technology can be used to monitor the terrorist’s movements through Satellites and taking pictures of the terrorist’s labs and chemical storage, so you can monitor there progress and can schedule when is the right opportunity to strike and close the terrorists lab down. This is only one example on how we can use science and technology to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction.

Cote d’Ivoire supports using the role of science and technology in preventing terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction. One solution is a deal between the United Nations to have a committee which will use information given from all the United Nations countries and calculate which necessary action is important. Another suggestion is signing anti-terrorism treaty which holds each country accountable for reporting intelligence information related to weapons of mass destruction.

 

(4) Creating a treaty on cyber warfare

Cote d’Ivoire is alarmed at the rise of cyber warfare. Cote d’Ivoire determines that the definition of cyber warfare is "the use of computers connected with electronic communications networks especially the internet for use to attack other computer equipment for reasons of disrupting or damaging them."

Cyber warfare is very damaging as was proven very recently when the computer worm damaged a great deal of equipment which cost has run to billions of dollars. These computer viruses effect the life’s of many people, so we as the United Nations have to end this by placing legislation which help in stopping cyber warfare so we can put to rest this global issue because computer viruses affect computers in every country. Cote d’Ivoire is opposed to cyber warfare and believes it should not be used for terrorist or military purposes. We believe that this treaty should force each country to pass legislation which punishes and addresses cyber warfare. We believe that this treaty should ban cyber warfare units from all the armed forces of the world except anti computer hacking units.

 

 

Bader's Policy Statement: Environmental Committee

(1) Prohibition of the dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes

If Cote D’Ivoire prohibit the dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes, it would be unreasonable. Toxic wastes not only effect the present but also the future. Radioactive and toxic wastes will destroy all living things in water areas. And if people depend on the resources of the seas or rivers, then they will have no jobs.

The prohibition of the dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes should be taken into consideration, because it is something that effects nature, which is not replaceable. Instead of dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes we must find a solution for it immediately and while we find a solution for we must find a place to leave the wastes in.

 

(2) Promotion of new and renewable sources of energy including the implementation of the World Solar Program 1996-2005

Nature has many sources of energy. For example using the water flow and a generator, or the sun or even the wind, these sources of energy are less polluting and are renewable. Pollution also affects the ozone layer, which if destroyed it will start global warming, and that will cause more damage. We must start using these resources immediately and may be some day use them permanently and stop pollution that will affect many things including the ozone layer that is most important to all living organisms.

 

(3) Promoting the sustainable development of the world's forests and preventing deforestation and habitat destruction

Forests are part of nature, and nature is a valuable thing. Protecting nature is very important. Now people are destroying forests for their own good, not keeping in mind how long these forests took to grow. Cote D’Ivoire must protect all the important forests, for example the Amazon rain forests. And take care of them, at any cost. And even try to find a way to use its resources without harming the forest, for example the plants. That way can save the forests and still make money.

 

(4) Food safety risks associated with the GMF and foods derived from biotechnology

GMF, also known as genetically modified foods, are very useful; they are products of biotechnology. These foods are tested and are not released [mw] until they pass. These kinds of foods may have every thing. GMF contain all vitamins and proteins. These kinds of foods can be more helpful than ordinary food, these foods can control starvation in countries were food is not available. We must think more about these foods. And use them to stop starvation. First we have to produce a lot of it. Then spread it to all poor nations. And of coarse test it before using it .

 

 

Human Rights- Mohammed Benessa Ambassador

(1) Creation of a charter of economic rights

Cote D’Ivoire thinks that this issue to totally and one hundred percent not fair, Cote D’Ivoire thinks that every country should be responsible for its itself and its own action, and no one should take over just because they are more rich than other countries, even though poor countries cannot handle themselves rich countries should not come and takeover the country just because they think its stronger. Cote D’Ivoire would never do that because Cote D’Ivoire itself needs help and doesn’t want other richer countries coming and laying their rules on them, because rules from one place to another differs and may not work.

 

(2) The threat of infringement of human rights posed by the implementation of anti-terrorism policies and practices

Some countries had increased their securities everywhere from experience that have happened within the country, some countries are willing to pay a big amount of money just to decrease the amount of terrorism in their country, Terrorism is "The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or governments, often for ideological or political reasons". Cote D’Ivoire in some points agrees with this issue but there should be a limit to everything.

 

(3) Protection of the political rights of indigenous peoples, their outstanding land claims, and their right to self-determination

Cote D’Ivoire thinks that every single person should get their rights whether it was a man or a woman and girl or a boy, a foreigner of a citizen, and especially the founders of the land itself, people should get their rights whether it is economically or politically, people cannot live without their rights, they wouldn’t worth anything in the community or society, Cote D’Ivoire thinks that it is really important to get your rights because getting your rights is your "Right".

 

(4) The question of displaced persons as a result of political, social, and economic crises

People who leave their countries during a war and go live in a refuge camp, Cote D’Ivoire thinks that this is the worst that they can do, because Cote D’Ivoire is during a war right now and most of the citizens there are going to leave because of the war and they are going to nearby country to live in refuge camps to be safe and guarantee their lives, Cote D’Ivoire thinks that every person should stand for their country like how they stand for their rights, because their country is their last hope in life and if they live in rights.

 

 

Maha's Policy Statement: Social Committee

(1) The role of schools in promulgating and spreading violent ideologies.

Cote d'Ivoire has been in civil war for a longtime but this didn’t stop them from educating their people. They've been trying there best to make a better system of education, they have now a French system and have lots of help from the Americans which are handing them money to support them. They want the best for their people; also Cote d'Ivoire has universities which are really good. Cote d'Ivoire wouldn’t want or allow any violent ideologies from the role of school; they want their people to be educated.

 

(2) The issue of economic and technical cooperation among developing countries.

As you know Cote d'Ivoire isn't a rich country and has been through chaos for some time. But also Cote d'Ivoire has good natural resources that other countries can get use off meaning rich countries. While these rich countries get what they need from Cote d'Ivoire they will have to exchange something with them; something that Cote d'Ivoire can get use off. Cote d'Ivoire supports this idea because they get what they need and give others what they have.

 

(3) Preservation and establishment of defined rights for sufferers from diseases such as SARS and AIDS

 

Cote DÍvoire with a population of 16 million is the most affected by HIV/AIDS in West Africa. The country has been split into two by a six month civil war which makes it impossible for the anti-Aids campaigners operate the sickness. Since the civil war it has been so hard to treat people from HIV/Aids most of them ran to the bushes and are on there own. More than 1.5 million people are living with HIV/AIDS in Cote d’Ivoire, where 600,000 AIDS orphans have been produced. Cote d’Ivoire decided a 90 percent discount on the anti-retroviral drugs with pharmaceutical firms, but only a thousand people have been able to benefit from the treatment. It has left people living with HIV/AIDS doubting about the benefits of the new grant given by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS. The Global Fund to Fight AIDS grant will be disbursed over a five-year period, making Cote d'Ivoire their number one beneficiary of aid in the sub-region. Togo, Burkina, Faso and Guinea received around 20 million U.S. dollars each. The Ivorian government now wants to make AIDS programs a priority. Before the grant, Cote d'Ivoire had only an assistant minister of health handling AIDS programs and policies.

 

Resolutions




Main Submitter: Cote d’Ivoire
Disarmament Committee
Committee member: Ahmed Al Jouan

Question Of: Reducing the availability of firearms to civilians and stopping the illegal trafficking of such.

Defining this question as "Limiting the amount of firearms available for purchase to civilians and stopping the unlawful buying and selling of fire arms,"

Believing in the role of the United Nations in the disarmament process through out the world,

Congratulating the United Nations on its help in regional disarmament programs,

Noting with appreciation the role of the United Nations in helping to collect illicit firearms in Africa, the Americas, and Asia,

Deeply concerned at the rise in the worlds illegal small arms trade,

Noting with Regret the role of some governments in helping to continue this trade,

Bearing in mind the role of these weapons in armed conflicts around the world,

Expressing its apperception to those countries which are trying to stop the illegal firearms trade in their country or stopping the transit of these weapons through there country,

Fully alarmed at the role of these weapons in relation to gang violence in many countries,

Taking into account the high number of the civilian which are caused deaths firearms cause around the world,

Expecting the international community will take steps to bring action on countries which help to prolong armed conflicts,

Taking Note that many countries have lax firearm licensing legislation which leads to a wider circulation of firearms and the use of these firearms in civilian deaths,

1) Condemns nations who help in prolonging this arms trade;

2) Affirms the rise in the number of civilian deaths due to illegal firearms;

3) Calls upon the international community to take steps to stop this illegal arms trade;

4) Emphasizes the role of these weapons in prolonging armed conflicts around the world;

5) Further resolves the creation of a treaty that will limit the trade in illegal firearms, This treaty will contain the following:
A) Prohibit the illicit arms trade in the Asia, Africa, The Caribbean, Eastern Europe and the Americas,
B) A pledge by signing countries to fight illegal arms trade,
C) A request of all countries to make stricter firearms legislation,
D) If countries do not posses the resources to fight firearms trafficking they would be helped by INTERPOL and the United Nations,
E) The strengthening of the INTERPOL anti- trafficking units to have more powers to stop firearms trafficking globally,
F) More intelligence exchanges by countries through the INTERPOL,
G) The creation of a global firearms register which will be under the responsibility of the United Nations Disarmament Committee and INTERPOL,
H) The listing of all firearm factories in the world on that list and what and how many firearms they produce,
I) Clauses that any country found in Breach of this treaty will have to face the consequences of its action which the Security Council will choose what action should be taken.

6) Has resolved that all countries must implement strict firearm licensing legislation to stop the number of civilian firearms being used in civilian murders.

 

 

Student: Bader Al- Mailem
Committee: Environment
The question of: Prohibition of the dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes.
Delegation: Cote d’Ivoire

Defining toxic waste as any waste that is hazardous to human health,

Keeping in mind according to the Institute of Chemical Waste Management, about 15% of our garbage is classified as toxic, and only 85% (approximately) of that is disposed of properly,

Considering the serious problems arising from the dumping of dangerous toxic wastes in certain areas,

Deeply concerned about the fact of dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes endangers human life, marine life, and the ecosystem in general,

Bearing in mind the Code of Practice on the International Transboundary Movement of Radio Active Waste, which was established by the International Atomic Energy Agency and the importance of updating the contents of this Code to bring them in line with the related developments since the adoption of this Code,

Highlights the following clauses of the Code of Practice on the International Transboundary Movement of Radio Active Waste:
A. Taking note that nuclear power generation and the radioisotopes involve the generation of radioactive waste,
B. Aware of the potential hazards for human health and the environment that could result from the improper management or disposal of radioactive waste,
C. Aware of public concern about any unauthorized international transboundary movement of radioactive waste, particularly to the territory of developing countries, and the danger of improper management and disposal of such waste,
D. Aware of the need to continue to promote high standards of radiation protection worldwide and to strengthen international co-operation, both multilateral and bilateral, in the field of nuclear safety and radioactive waste management,
E. Emphasizing that such co-operation should take into account the needs of developing countries and may include the exchange of information, the transfer of technology and the provision of assistance,
F. Taking into account the IAEA's safety principles, which require, inter alia, that "policies and criteria for radiation protection of populations outside national borders from releases of radioactive substances should not be less stringent than those for the population within the country of release",
G. Taking into account the IAEA safety standards and guidelines relevant to the international transboundary movement of radioactive waste, including standards and guidelines for radiological protection, the safe transport of radioactive material, the safe management and disposal of radioactive waste, the safety of nuclear facilities, and the physical protection of nuclear materials,
H. Recalling the Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident and the Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency,
I. Mindful of the relevant principles and norms of international law,
J. Taking into account the provisions of the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal and other relevant international instruments, and
K. Recognizing the global role of the IAEA in the area of nuclear safety, radiation protection and radioactive waste management and disposal;

Decides that the following Code of Practice should serve as guidelines to States for, inter alia, the development and harmonization of policies and laws on the International Transboundary movement of radioactive waste.

1. Condemns all governmental and non-governmental entities which engage in this shameful practice of dumping toxic waste in the territories and waters of peace-loving people thus seriously endangering life and environment on the planet,

2. Urges all countries to respect the Code of Practice in the International Transboundary Movement of Radio Active Waste,

3. Supports all the Member States to continue their intensive campaign to enlighten their respective populations about the devastating effects of toxic waste on human life and the ecosystem,

4. Requests that all members which produce dangerous toxic wastes to get rid of their wastes in their own countries,

5. Further requests members to ban any illegal transportation of toxic wastes,

6. Resolves that a sub-organization from the IAEA is established and called the International Toxic Waste Control Organization:
A. It shall be responsible for checking each country for illegal dumping,
I . Undercover staff are to be placed in all suspicious areas,
II . Reports of what is done with the wastes are to be sent to the organization,
B. It will be responsible for penalizing each country that dumps wastes:
I. The country will be responsible for cleaning what it has dumped,
II. The will have to pay a fine that shall be specified according to studies,
C. Make campaigns and ads that show the effects of dumping wastes,
D. It shall be funded by donations and by the IAEA.

 

 

Mohammed Benessa, Ambassador
Committee: Human Rights
Issue The question of displaced persons as a result of political, social, and economic crises

Defining displaced as "To move or shift from the usual place or position, especially to force to leave a homeland,"

Defining crisis as "An unstable condition, as in political, social, or economic affairs, involving an impending abrupt or decisive change,"

Bearing in mind that Politico-Economic Crises in the Horn: It is People who suffer and that was in Africa and according to Seyoum Hameso, from the website http://www.sidamaconcern.com/articles/horn_crises.htm,

Having studied the effects of reducing the Impact of Conflicts and Crises,

Deeply concerned about the world, refugees, asylum seekers, migrants and internally displaced persons are the victims of racial discrimination, racist attacks, xenophobia and ethnic intolerance. Racism is both a cause and a product of forced displacement, and an obstacle to its solution,

Referring to Self-Help Activities among Internally Displaced Persons, and that was according to cnn.com,

Alarmed by the continuing tension related to ethnic and sectarian strife, evolving civil/military relations, past human rights abuses, declining central authority and a lack of tangible progress in poverty alleviation and economic recovery threaten Indonesia's transition to free market democracy; potentially contagious sectarian and political violence has left 600,000 people internally displaced and weakened the government's capacity to respond to future emergencies.

1. Calls Upon a formation of an organization which will be called UNDPC (The United Nations Displacement People Crisis), the headquarters of this organization will be decided by the UN; it will choose the place by where the organization is most needed, this organization will have specialists of every type to try to solve this crisis, and it will focus only on the displacement of people.

2. Draws the attention to improving the welfare of populations affected by natural or man-made disasters, this will ensure
A. That food and life-saving assistance is provided to areas severely affected by a conflict and gentle relief is targeted to populations whose safety, health or livelihoods are threatened, and it will be measured by
I. The number of tons of commodities delivered,
II. The number of beneficiaries,

3. Notes that food security for vulnerable populations should be improved:

A. The availability and affordability of basic foodstuffs is central to stability,
B. Inflation, growing poverty and disruption of the normal food distribution and marketing systems have reduced people's ability to obtain food, making the food problem in the world one of access rather than supply,
C. In response to the changing nature in the world food crisis during this transition period, UNDPC will focused its Food for Peace,
D. For Work programs are targeted to address the needs of the poor in order to improve living conditions, ease social tensions and moderate the risk of political instability in city areas.

4. Urgently appeals to all States, organizations and programs of the United Nations, specialized agencies and other intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to provide adequate and sufficient financial, medical and material assistance to the World refugees and displaced persons;

 

 

Committee: Social
Question: The role of promulgating and spreading violent ideologies
Student: Maha

Defining refugees one who flee in search of refuge in cause of war or problems in country;

Having studied 30,000 Liberian refugees are in Cote d'Ivoire, causing Ivorians danger;

Realizing this will lead to a dispute between Ivories and Liberians and lack of food;

Affirming many Ivories left their houses in Cote d'Ivoire scared of danger that will come with Liberians;

Aware of this wave have moved from one country to another causing it to be in hunger and in chaos;

1. Calls upon a meeting by the UN with all countries holding refugees and are getting to hunger;

2. Requests that each country should be patient;

3. Considers that an organization will be formed called Helping Refugees for Africa HRFA under the approval of the UN;

4. Draws attention to the fact that the HRFA organization should also be partners with WHO and FAO;

5. Notes this organization, HRFA, will be empowered to:

A build shelters in African countries made special for refugees;
B. After country approve:
1. Provide them with food (which will be passed by from the FAO)
2. Give them medical care (which will be from the WHO)
3. Have a security system around the shelters houses:
4. Stop refugees leaving the shelters and harming citizens;
5. Protect them from any danger;

6. Resolves refugees living in the shelters should:
A. Pay 5$ for 2 weeks to stay including the food, safety, and care:
B. Kids under 10 or are 10 shouldn't pay;

7. Further Resolves the money that is paid by the refugees will go to the organization pay for what they need to help the refugees in Africa;

8. Take notes that the country holding the refugees shouldn't pay or worry about them;

9.Recommends that an accord called One For Other be signed with the countries that agree if a country holds refugees, in return they will get either anything they need from the other country freely or a shelter for the refugees when in need.

 

 

 

OPENING SPEECH


Opening Speech—Mohammed Benessa

Honorable chair, Fellow Delegates, and most distinguished guests, on behalf of Cote d'Ivoire, I would like to welcome every single delegations here today, that is participating in this events, which would help us solve some of our issues that are destroying our world.

Displacement has become an important political and social issue in recent years, finding its way onto the agendas of countries throughout the world. With constant changes in the socio-economic and political environments that influence processes of displacement, it is difficult to obtain an exact picture of the extent of the problem, but recent estimates suggest that we are talking about a total of close to 50 million people throughout the world. And to this number we may add several other millions whose livelihoods have been temporarily destroyed as a result of development-induced displacement

Ladies and Gentlemen Cote D’Ivoire is here today to step on this issue and crack it, and let it be something from the past, Cote DÍvoire will stomp its legs and will not move on unless this catastrophe is over, people are suffering from poverty and others are dying daily, these people cannot help themselves, We should help them, We should solve the problems, and We should put our hands together and make it the past

Thank you,

 

 

 

Statements of Delegates



Ahmed Al Jouan, Disarmament committee

During the KITMUN Event 2003. I was assigned to the disarmament committee. On the first day we worked on lobbying and merging and I became Main submitter of my resolution but it was hard convincing other delegates to sign my resolution and I am glad that I was successful in becoming main submitter. The debates on the resolutions were good. We had good speeches on the resolutions. I asked questions and said speeches. I took my position concerning the resolutions from my country’s point of view and this is something which will help me later on in the MUN program. I enjoyed the experience of the KITMUN event 2003 and hope to repeat similar and better experiences during my MUN

 

Bader Al-Mailem, Environment

This was my first real MUN event, personally it was not that good. The delegates from other schools were not very professional, they didn't vote for a good resolution just because it is not from their school. The rest was good, we had good debates, and very interesting resolutions. From this event I learned how to be diplomat, and how it is not shout out when you have a really good point to say or if some offended your country. I also learned vital information about countries and some international issues. In the end I enjoyed it a lot and spoke every time I could.

 

Mohammad Ben Essa, HR and Ambassador

Absent

 

Maha Sartawi, Social

At the first event that I have attended as a representative of Cote d'Ivoire, this event would never be forgotten. It was a great time, and was worth all the time we spent working on MUN during the past 3 months even though I didn't get to talk as much, but learning from what I saw hoping that it will help me in Amman. On the first day of the event, I tried to tell people to sign on my resolution to make i better. Unfortunately, I found out that my resolution wasn't that good. So I signed up with Angola which had a better way for solving the spreading of violent ideologies in school. Our resolution was debated in the social committee on Thursday; it didn't pass because of one clause that was repeated. And the other wasn't specific enough. The last day of the event there were four resolution of each committee that was debated I had a good argument for the social resolution that was chosen to be debated, but we were 250 nations and it's good enough that us Ivorian got to ask questions about other resolutions I really enjoyed these three days, and I am willing to make a better job in Amman, and get to speak more often.