Country: The Dominican Republic
Event: KITMUN 2003
Ala'a Al-Sayer, Environment Hamad Al-Sager, Defense and Ambassador Lamia Al-Loughani, Human Rights
Links to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2003-2004 Team page
In 2001, Congress passed a bill on constitutional reform presented by President Media, which overruled the 1994 Constitution which prevented the re-election of one individual as president for consecutive periods. The bill allowed the re-election of Media in the 2004 elections. It also reduced the percentage needed to win the first election round. In 2002, however, the bill was annulled by the Supreme Court of Justice, which believed it violated the principles set out in the 1994 Constitution. Executive power rests with the president. The cabinet is appointed and presided over by the president. The president, by constitutional decree, names the provincial governors, who are his representatives in each province. The legislature is the bicameral Congress. The 32-member Senate is elected for a four-year term, one member for each province plus one for the District National. The Chamber of Deputies (150 members) is elected under a system of proportional representation with members chosen on a provincial basis. The Senate elects the members of the judiciary. Last elections were on 16 May 2000 (Presidential), and 16 May 2002 (Parliamentary). Next elections will be on 2004 (Presidential), 2006 (Parliamentary). There exist two political parties in the Dominican Republic. They are the main opposition party and the ruling party.
The Dominican Republic is located in the Caribbean. Its capital is Santo Domingo. Tits area is slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire, with a total area of 48,730 square kilometers. 99.2% is land and the remaining 0.72% is water. Its geographic coordinates are 1900 N and 7040 W. The Dominican Republic often experiences a change of climate. Mostly, it has a tropical climate. The lowest point is Lagos Enriquillo, which is -46 meters, and its highest point is Pico Duarte which is 3,175 meters. The Dominican Republic has a joint land between itself and the country of Haiti. The island is called Hispaniola.
The Dominican Republic is a mountainous country that is well-watered and well-fertilized. Almost eighty percent of the country is covered with a series of huge and massive mountain ranges. The main resources are agricultural. Also, the Dominican Republic has fertile soil as a resource that is found in the valleys. The Dominican Republic also has deposits of gold, silver and nickel. Useful plants and fruits are usually common; these include rice, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, yam banana, pineapple, mango, fig, grape and breadfruit. The Dominican Republic also works in gold mining and sugar refining. Its major trading partners are: USA, Venezuela, Belgium, Mexico and Japan.
The population of the Dominican Republic reaches up to 8.5 million. The Dominican Republic has Spanish as its national language because it was originally occupied by Spanish settlers. Music and dancing is the heart of Dominican culture. 95% of the population is Roman Catholic. Other religions adopted by the population include 73% Mulatto, 16% European descent and 11% African descent. The society is 66 % urban.
The military branches existing in the Dominican Republic’s military are the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the National police. Eighteen years old is the age to join the army in the Dominican Republic. There are now 2,232,088 people available in the military. Ages range from fifteen years old to forty nine years old. 1,455,887 people in the military of the 2,232,088 are fit for the military service. Each year, 87,404 males reach military age. The Dominican Republic spends about 180 million dollars on military expenses that is approximately 1.1 percent of the total GDP.
Successful diversification of the economy away from traditional sugar production allowed the Dominican Republic to maintain GDP growth above 7 per cent for five consecutive years in the second half of the 1990s. The economy's dependence on the US as its main export market meant that export-led growth fell sharply in 2001 and 2002, although the country remained one of the fastest growing economies in the Western hemisphere. In 2002, growth was 3.8 per cent, up from 2.7 per cent in the previous year. A more expansionary fiscal policy helped compensate for the weak external environment in the first half of 2002. In the second half, the government adopted a more restrictive monetary and fiscal policy as exports grew and inflation rose.
In an effort to maintain growth levels, President Hipolito Mejia welcomed investors to the country, citing its various advantages for foreign businesses. The Republic is well-known for its free trade zones (FTZs), areas where companies can operate tax free and import raw materials without having to pay import duties. It is estimated that there are over 500 companies operating in a network of 51 zones. More than half of these are US and Korean-owned firms.
The country is adding a new element to its economy: high technology. The Republic is eager to attract world-class companies in the areas of electronics, manufacturing, telecommunications and biotechnology and to expand its information technology base.
Views on World Problems
Despite efforts to control illegal migration, destitute Haitians continue to cross into the Dominican Republic. This often causes chaos and often ends up with a couple of people dead. The Dominican Republic does not want Haitians into its borders because they are unwanted. They often cause more problems to the Dominicans by taking their jobs and disturbing the lives of other Haitians.
The aboriginal inhabitants of Hispaniola were the Awarok people, who depended mainly on fishing and farming. They eventually became extinct after the exploitation by Spanish colonists. Eventually, the Awarok people who were, at the time, working as laborers for the Spanish colonists, were replaced by black slaves. This explains how colored people were found in the Dominican Republic. In 1697, the portion of Hispaniola that was occupied by France was formally relinquished to France and was called Saint Dominique, which is now Haiti. The other portion of Hispaniola that was occupied by Spain became what is now known as the Dominican Republic. The capital of the Dominican Republic was called Santo Domingo.
In the Trujillo era, between 1930 and 1960, the Trujillo family controlled all of the Dominican Republic. It was established by the dictatorship of General Rafael Lenidas Trujillo Molina. He was one of the world’s toughest dictators. He controlled the country for thirty one years, having himself and his family directs practically every aspect of his nation’s life. The national economy was run as his personal corporation. At first, Trujillo received support from the United States were he used this advantage to promote his power. During this era, many facilities including hospitals and harbors were built, house projects were finished, and transportation was improved. It was not until the 1960’s were the Trujillo era has ended. Jonquan Galaguar has appeared as the new president of the Dominican Republic. He had received aid from the United States to become president. In 1962 the Dominican Republic held its first free election in four decades.
Disarmament (A. Hamad Al Sager)
1. Preventing the spread of the doctrine of preventative war.
The Dominican Republic thinks that if the United Nations can be stricter on its policies then, the spread of the doctrine of preventative war should not be a big issue to all nations. Of course some countries may have its reasons to go into preventative war, but that does not allow it to overcome the United Nations. Luckily, only one incident regarding this issue has been performed, but maybe in the future there would be more incidents regarding to this issue. Again, the Dominican Republic thinks that the solution for the spread of the doctrine of preventative war is for the United Nations to toughen up its structure.
2. Creating a treaty on cyber-warfare.
Cyber warfare can spread through different networks, such as governments and citizens. The Dominican Republic thinks that a treaty is to be published for any future thoughts of cyber attacks. This treaty could prevent cyber warfare. Unfortunately, Cyber Warfare can be spread by anonymous parties which make it extremely difficult to get control over all networks around the world. Cyber Warfare can seriously affect all parties since most individuals use a computer. The Dominican Republic suggests that patrol gates should be created in the internet that will prevent any harmful activities that would be performed in sites where it was not supposed to be happening and that was coming from a location where it was not supposed to be coming from. People may think that this issue may not be particularly important to the Dominican Republic, but since the Dominican Republic computers that have an important role among the society, then cyber warfare may lead to total even in the Dominican Republic
3. Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons.
Some countries around the world have been not cooperating with the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty which causes a great threat to the world. People around the world are aware of the threats that are imposed on them in recent years. The people should be aware of those threats since it may lead them to chaos.
Meanwhile, some countries having anything to do with nuclear weapons are introducing the technology and the materials either to assist them in building nuclear weapons, or to just get rid of the nuclear waste they have. These actions are illegal and have to be put for a stop. The Dominican Republic thinks that if more security can be placed among nuclear zones, then maybe these transactions that are being performed would decrease rapidly since there now exists a block.
4. Reducing the availability of firearms to civilians and stopping the illegal trafficking of such.
Firearms are being sold to civilians for only one reason-for their own defense. Firearms are not supposed to be used by civilians as a mean to kill. The Dominican Republic thinks that stopping illegal trafficking of such items can only be accomplished if the security within the perimeter of the country are tightened, and the punishment for those who violate these rules are increased. This can help solve part of the problem.
Another cause of the availability of firearms is war. After wars, many firearms are left around. Most likely because their owners were killed during the war(s). All in all, the Dominican Republic thinks that the best way to stop illegal trafficking of firearms is increased border security and penalties for disobeying the law. This issue is a vital issue for the Dominican Republic because many fatal incidents occur occasionally that are not wanted to occur any more such as riots and murders.
5. The role of science and technology in preventing terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction.
Science and technology has had a great affect on the world which means that it too can have a great affect upon terrorists acquiring nuclear weapons of mass destruction. Luckily, there have been no reported accusations saying that there are terrorists that have weapons of mass destruction.
Science and technology has a vital role that could eliminate the threat of terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction. This role is providing information that could lead to those who have weapons of mass destruction. For example, if the satellite systems could be upgraded, then the terrorists could be found. This is one thing that science and technology can provide. Science and technology could provide much more than just using satellite systems in preventing terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction.
Environmental (Lamia Al Loughani)
(1) Prohibition of the dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes.
Radioactive and toxic wastes are wastes that are poisonous and can cause serious damage and illnesses and diseases. They are a danger and risk to the death of humans and sea life creatures.
The Dominican Republic has had several problems occurring from dumping radioactive and toxic wastes. Several bodies of water such as: lakes, rivers, and oceans have been polluted and seriously damaged because of the dumping of toxic materials. Sea life creatures have been threatened of dying because of this dumping that is happening. A strong force of order must be pulled and done to solve the problem of the dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes.
(2) Promotion of new and renewable sources of energy including the implementation of the World Solar Program 1996-2005.
The world solar program was established in 1995 to provide high leadership. It was supported by he groups of heads and governments. The program takes place in 104 states. This program conceived as a concrete follow-up of the recommendation of the earth summit. The several regions that share the overall energy production should be in the range of 8 to 15% by the year 2005.
The significant role of energy leads to the important effect of the solar program on the renewable sources of energy. The renewable source of solar energy such as (wind, photovoltaic…) should play in the provision of energy services and in the sustainable use of environmental resources for the well-being of mankind.
(3) Promoting the sustainable development of the world's forests and preventing deforestation and habitat destruction.
What exactly is deforestation? Deforestation is when many trees are cleared from a large area. Deforestation has killed hundreds of thousands of species by taking away the habitat that those species are living in and are adapted to. Deforestation also causes erosion, because when trees are clear cut out there are neither roots to hold the soil in place nor vegetation to lesson the impact of hard rain on the soil. The silting of lakes and rivers is caused by erosion.
The process of deforestation and habitat destruction involves the cutting down, burning and damaging of forests. If the current rate of deforestation continues the world’s rain forests will vanish within 100 years causing unknown effects on climates and eliminating the majority of plant and animal species of the planet. Deforestation occurs in many ways; most of the clearing is done for agriculture purposes or for planting crops such as in the Dominican Republic.
(4) Food safety risks associated with the GMF and foods derived from biotechnology.
Biotechnology and GMF involve the use of micro organisms such as bacteria or yeast or biological substances such as enzymes to perform specific industrial or manufacturing processes. Production of certain drugs, synthetic hormones and bulk foodstuffs; It also includes the use of genetically altered bacteria in the clean up of oil spills.
Social (Alaa Al Sayer)
1. Creation of a charter of economic rights.
The Dominican Republic thinks that it is vital for the United Nations to create such an economic charter. Many countries around the world have been experiencing difficulty upon their economy. Some countries need medical aid, food, and financial aid that to help make their economy better. There are many cases that help in destroying the economies of the world. The Dominican Republic thinks that the government and/or the ruling family are responsible for these conflicts. It is the job of both the United Nations and the nations of the world to make sure this does not happen.
2. The threat of infringement of human rights posed by the implementation of anti-terrorism policies and practices.
The Dominican Republic would restate its full commitment and devotion to all international and regional instruments devoted to the protection of human rights. It was also in the process of introducing major changes in its Governmental structure to enhance legislation in order to bring domestic policy in line with human rights. The Dominican Republic favored the High Commissioner's view on tirelessly promoting democracy and the rule of law. Education about human rights was also a key element of ensuring and the government has undertaken various programs to enhance the country's legal systems and was attempting to elaborate policies and heighten awareness to human rights matters among authorities, law enforcement officials and the wider citizenry. As a small nation, the Dominican Republic had suffered from various imposed political regimes. But, today however, it was operating in the spirit of democracy and within the framework of the United Nations Charter.
3. Protection of the political rights of indigenous peoples, their outstanding land claims, and their right to self-determination.
Being a Dominican means you are privileged to all the rights there are, a fact the Dominicans believe. All Dominican citizens may exercise their right to vote and to hold any public office. The Dominican Republic considers the political right to be as important as any other right like the right to live since recently most of the world issues relate to politics. The Dominican Republic also believes it should have its total freedom in making its own political rights in worldwide issues like for example world hunger, because it’s a world wide issue than all countries should have the rights to be part of the decision and not to be excluded from it. Finally The Dominican Republic fully supports the protection of political rights.
Student: Hamad Al Sager
SUBJECT OF RESOLUTION: Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons.
SUBMITTED TO: The Disarmament Committee
SUBMITTED BY: Ambassador of the Dominican Republic
DEFINING nuclear weapons as weapons that have deadly substances that can cause serious damages to all those who are exposed to it,
FURTHER DEFINING non nuclear states as countries that do not have or is subjected to non nuclear weapons,
COMMENTS that there only 168 members in the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty with only 104 ratifications, which still tells that the threat of the use of nuclear weapons is still possible,
NOTING that some countries around the world are not complying with U.N orders that may lead to more problems between them and the United Nations,
1. CALLS for separate peace talks to countries not complying with United Nations’ requests to inspect its area for nuclear weapons: A. The country will face the Security Council and will receive sanctions if the requirements are not met, B. If the country continues to disobey the requirements of the United Nations, then the use of force, under UN control will be implemented, C. Those countries, if followed the request of the United Nations, will have some of its sanctions if it has any. If not, then the United Nations will try its best to support the country in any other way;
2. STRESSES that the public is not aware of the threat that nuclear weapons still exists: A. To hold conferences around the world notifying the people that nuclear weapons are still existing and anybody having these weapons can us it to cause chaos, B. To notify the people that the possession of nuclear weapons are irrelevant and irresponsible and does not match the current security requirements, C. To open all conferences regarding this issue to NGO observers;
3. PROCLAIMS that the International Atomic Energy Agency should be holding permanent inspectors in each nuclear or non nuclear countries holding any sort of nuclear energy A. This will guarantee that these states are not performing any illegal acts of such sort like, I. Dumping their nuclear wastes at sights where they are not supposed to be dumped in, II. It will help in maintaining a safe and technological use of the nuclear energy for the non nuclear states avoiding it from the face of danger, III. It will impose a patrol on the nuclear states stopping them from implementing any illegal acts; B. All countries complying with these requirements will have the sanctions on them lifted, along with the privilege of having the media away from them;
4. FURTHER PROCLAIMS that the United Nations should provide security to those states that have nuclear resources, and may be in the risk of losing such valuables that can impose a great threat to the entire world.
Student: Lamia Al Loughani
SUBJECT OF RESOLUTION: Prohibition of the dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes.
SUBMITTED TO: Environment
SUBMITTED BY: The Dominican Republic
DEFINING "toxic" as poisonous wastes,
DEFINING "radioactive wastes" spontaneous emission of radiation either directly from unstable automatic nuclei or as a consequence of nuclear reaction,
BEARING IN MIND that countries that are dumping radioactive and toxic wastes will indeed face consequences and will be qualified by the U.N to clear the damage they can,
CONSIDERING the danger caused by radioactive and toxic wastes A. The production of diseases, B. Illnesses to human life and sea life, C. Pollution of water bodies, D. Death of sea creatures, 1. CALLS for the formation of an organization A. This organization shall be called PRATW (preventing radioactive and toxic wastes), B. The organization shall be located in the United Nations’ Headquarters in New York, C. Each HQ (head quarter) shall be in every continent surrounded by 8 bases;
2.DRAWS TO THE ATTENTION that this organization shall qualify each country to stop dumping toxic wastes and if caught dumping by U.N forces who will be monitoring the lands near water bodies by helicopters and monitors then that specific country will be prohibited the chance of having legal authorization near water area’s;
3. URGES all nations to improve the conditions of dumping radioactive and toxic wastes by A. Providing sufficient running water, B. Ensuring that the waters that are polluted by toxic and radioactive wastes are clean to eliminate the spread of diseases, C. Providing un-needed areas and unlived areas to dump the toxic and radioactive wastes, D. Making sure that food being supplied does not hold toxic materials that shall be dumped;
4. FURTHER URGES that countries do not dump radioactive wastes among places where they are not supposed to be dumping it in.
Student: Ala'a Al-Sayer
SUBJECT OF RESOLUTION: Protection of the political rights of indigenous peoples, their outstanding land claims, and their right to self-determination
SUBMITTED TO: Social
SUBMITTED BY: The Dominican Republic
DEFINING indigenous people as people who are originating and living or occurring naturally in an area or environment,
DEFINING political rights as the right relating to, or dealing with the structure or affairs of government, politics, or the state,
ALARMED by the fact that in our recent days most of the world’s issues are related to politics,
NOTING that is why it is extremely important to have political rights, that is what The Dominican Republic believes, that every single citizen should have his political voice and right,
1. URGES all countries to look at this topic in a serious point of view because in our days not all the voices of the countries count while they should;
2. ASKS all countries that are being ignored when it relates to politics and to political issues to take action now, because every single country should have the right to vote for or against in any political issue there is that will affect this world;
3. REQUESTS a formation of a new committee done by the United Nations that protect the political rights of each country A. This committee will be called Countries Rights Protecting Committee (CRPC);
4. AFFIRMS that this committee will do the following: A. Protect the political rights of all countries, B. Respect the countries decisions, C. Make sure the country is not being ignored when it comes to major political issue voting and decisions;
Alaa Al Sayer
Ladies and gentlemen, respected members of the MUN, hello and welcome. Allow me to give my opinion about the issue of the protection of the political rights of the indigenous people. Not all issues are straight forward and clear. Sure, from an ethical and humane point of view, our conclusion is to give the indigenous people all the political rights enjoyed equally by all the nationals of a country. However, there are other political issues that have to be taken into consideration before such a resolution could be passed. We, the Dominican Republic, believe that as this issue is a humane one, we should consider it very seriously and should try had to implement it, but not before working out a feasible, strategic, and timely plan. Thank you.
Lamia Al Loughani
Hola Seniors y Senioritas !! Welcome to Republica Dominica se Dominican Republic. The taste of the spectacular features and aspects it beholds to be revealed and undiscovered. The land of wonders and mysterious secrets. The land that beholds of a sensational spot right in the middle of the hurricane belt. Welcome to the Queen of tourism and princess of sugar and the kingdom of Gold, Silver and Nickel. The land of magnificent soil that’s erodes into the oceans causing un-known things. The Land were beauty reveals itself in a complex way in which you can taste, smell and most importantly feel the rising of both fear and excitement to know more and more. Welcome to the Dominican Republic.
Hamad Al Sager
Honorable delegates, fellow delegates of the United Nations, and respectable audiences. The Delegate of the Dominican Republic greets you all on behalf of his country. It is of utmost honor to participate in this spectacular conference. The Dominican Republic greets you to its land, a place where heaven and earth are one. It is a land of immense beauty and intricate culture. It is a place of wonders and magnificence. Sadly to say, the world is facing more conflicts than before. The Dominican Republic wishes its sincere sympathies to those who are suffering from these conflicts. The Dominican Republic knows that these conflicts will be solved. It’s only a matter of time and patience.
Hamad Al-Sager, Disarmament
This was an amazing experience for me as an ambassador for the first time and for my group as delegates of their first real MUN event. As a delegate in the Disarmament Commission, I learned new stuff regarding the resolutions that we have debated. I met new people who helped throughout the event. In my past experiences that I have endured during my MUN career, I would say that this was my toughest MUN event. I fought to be main submitter. I also had a hard time getting picked in order to say a point of information, or have the floor. All in all, this new experience has taught me a lot of stuff. Hamad al Sager
Environment, Ala'a Al-Sayer
For me, MUN is a real hard course that some have to endure in his high school career. As my first real MUN event, I saw it as a very interesting and exciting experience. I, a woman who usually is scared to talk in front of a crowd, had a chance, to talk in front of everybody in the general assembly. I would have talked more if only the chair had chosen me, but compared to the other countries who talked, our group was pretty amazing. Alaa Al Sayer
Lamia Al-Loughani, Human Rights
This was an extremely magnificent event for me to attend and experience. Since it was my first time to attend an MUN event, I learned so much from delegate of other countries and mostly from my ambassador Hamad al Sager. He has taught me so much about the parliamentary procedure and how to act as a professional delegate at an important meeting and he has drawn my attention to the world's most fascinating issues and problems occurring. In this event I have accomplished the ability to be able to speak in front of anyone with all my confidence and standing up for what I believe; and that with time problems can be resolved. Finally and in conclusion I would like to say that I am glad for attending such an amazing event that has taught me so much. I would to thank everyone especially Mr.Dan and Mr.Anthony for all they had done. Lamia al Loughani