COUNTRY: The Republic of Indonesia

EVENT: KITMUN 2003

STUDENTS:


Ahmad Al-Qamlas, Environment
Amna Al-Sager, Human Rights and Ambassador
Fahad Al-Rushaid, Defense
Nouriya Al-Sager, Social




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The Indonessian National Anthem



Indonesia

 

 

Country Profile

Political Structure:

Indonesia’s official name is "the Republic of Indonesia". Which shows that it’s government is of the republic type. People simply refer to the Republic of Indonesia as "Indonesia" for short.

Argentina was formerly colonized by the Netherlands from which it proclaimed its independence in the 17th of August, 1945. Indonesia did not become legally independent from the Netherlands until the 27th of December, 1949. Nevertheless, The Indonesians consider the 17th of August 1945 to be their independence day and have regarded it as a national holiday. Until 5 years ago Indonesia could have been considered to be a military dictatorship but it was called a republic.

The Indonesian government consists of three separate branches, The Executive Branch, the Legislative Branch, and the Judicial Branch. The Executive Branch is made up of the chief of state (the president), head of government (president and vice president), and the cabinet that is appointed by the president. Meanwhile, the Legislative Branch consists of "House of Representatives" which has 500 seats (462 elected by the public, and 38 are appointed military representatives). Last but not least, the Judicial Branch is basically the Supreme Court. The president selects the justices from a list of candidates approved by the legislature.

Some of the famous and most powerful political parties present in Indonesia at this time are Crescent Moon and Star Party or PBB [Yusril Ihza MAHENDRA, chairman]; Federation of Functional Groups or Golkar [Akbar TANDJUNG, general chairman]; Indonesia Democracy Party-Struggle or PDI-P [MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri, chairperson]; National Awakening Party or PKB [Alwi SHIHAB, chairman]; National Mandate Party or PAN [Amien RAIS, chairman]; United Development Party or PPP (federation of former Islamic parties) [Hamzah HAZ, chairman].

 

Geography:

Indonesia is located in between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean in Southeast Asia, and a Geographic coordinates of 5 00 S, 120 00 E; having boarders totaling 2,380 km divided between East Timor 228 km, Malaysia 1,782 km, and Papua New Guinea 820 km. It consists of over 17000 islands. Indonesia is a country that is 1,919,440 Qs km that is divided into 2 main sections which are land and water, but mostly land with an area of 1,826,440 Qs km and then comes water which is 93,000 Qs km; in addition, a coastline of 54,716 km.

The landscape of Indonesia is mostly coastal lowland and larger islands contain mountains within the islands. A more tropical climate hot and humid, and more moderate in highlands. 9.9% of the Indonesian land is arable land which is lands which fit for cultivation [which is not bad], another 7.2% of the lands is used permanent crops, which are planting and farming areas the rest of the land 82.9% is for other uses. 48,150 Qs km of Indonesia is irrigated land.

 

Natural Resources:

Indonesia has a number of natural resources beginning with petroleum which is used in manufacturing many of the machines we use in our daily life it is also used in helping manufacturing these machines, continuing on, Indonesia has gold, tin, natural gases, nickel, timber (wood), Bauxite (the principal ore of aluminum, composed mainly of hydrous aluminum oxides and aluminum hydroxides.), copper (mainly used in the manufacturing of planes, cars, train), fertile soil (a very important product for countries that are concentrated in farming), coal, gold, and lastly silver.

 

Cultural Facts:

When last calculated in July 2002, Indonesia had 231,328,092 citizens with a standard growth rate of 1.54%. The Indonesian population is a diverse population with different ethnic groups that are: Javanese 45%, Sundanese 14%, Madurese 7.5%, coastal Malays 7.5%, other 26%. The different ethnic groups practice different religions that are: Muslim 88%, Protestant 5%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 2%, Buddhist 1%, other 1%. Which makes Indonesia a Muslim country since most of its population is Muslim. These different ethnic groups do not get along very well, and there is a great deal of tension between the Muslims and the other minorities such as the Javanese. These ethnic groups are have differences with who they believe are original Indonesians.

The Indonesians also have various languages that they use inside their country. The most widely used language is the Javanese language. The other languages that are also used in Indonesia are: Bahasa Indonesia (it is the official language that is a modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects. Recent conflicts have arisen with the government and the people of Aceh as a result of the discovery of certain resources. Aceh would now like to be an independent country because of its sudden richness in resources, and would like to separate itself from the republic of Indonesia.

The average Indonesian lives until he/she is about 69 years of age. But the female is usually found to live until she is approximately 71 years of age and the male until he is around 66 years of age. During the year 2002 the birth rate in Indonesia was 21.87 births per a population of 1000. The Death rate was 6.28 deaths per a population of 1000. The people of Indonesia are well educated 78% of the females above the age of 15 can read and write, and 89.6% of the males above the age of 15 can read and write. Indonesians have an average source of communications. In 1998 it was calculated that 5,588,310 telephone lines were used, 1.07 mobile phones were used, 13.75 million television sets were used and 31.5 million radios were used in 1997, last but not least 4.4 million citizens are using the latest and most accurate source of communication and technology that is the INTERNET.

 

Defense:

In 1967 the armed forces in Indonesia were unified and placed under the ministry of defense and security. In 1994 the total strength of the armed forces was 276,000, including 214,000 in the army, 42,000 in the navy, 20,000 in the air force and 174,000 in the police. All citizens are required to serve two years in the armed forces. The military has considerable power in Indonesia through its representatives to the House of Representatives and the People’s Consultative Assembly. The Indonesian armed forces are blamed for aiding terrorist organizations in some actions including the Bali bombings in October 2002 and also having links to Al-Qaeda. The situation in Indonesia had changed a lot after the Bali bombings the US government and some other governments including the EU asked Indonesia to be tough on terrorism and it is.

The armed forces and the police are taking daily actions against terrorists especially in Aceh and Papua were the terrorists are mostly concentrated in Indonesia.

 

Economy:

Although Indonesia is very wealthy with its resources, when it comes to economy it’s a different story. Indonesia is rich in a variety of resources. Agriculture is Indonesia’s major Economic activity. Indonesia is also a major oil exporting country.

The military in Indonesia owns many business groups in Indonesia. The military has been involved in the economical sector since the war, and has never let go. Of that involvement. The military owned businesses operate in most areas of domestic investment and are partners in a range of joint-ventures with foreign and Chinese partners.

The industries in Indonesia are; petroleum and natural gas, textiles, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood, food and rubber. Indonesia exports 39.9 billion dollars a year. It exports manufactures, raw materials, foodstuff and fuels. Their export partners are Japan, US, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Netherlands, China, Hong Kong and Germany. Indonesia imports about 32 billion dollars a year. All of this may vary a lot due to the changing of price of oil. Their import partners are the same as their export partners but only Australia is added. Indonesia does get economical aid from ODA and they get about 1.500 billion dollars a year. The unemployment rate in Indonesia inn the year of 2001 was approximately 8%. Indonesia in its last conference with the IMF/WB did state that they have been paying some of their loans.

 

Views on World Problems:

Since president Megawati Sukarnoputri took power in July 23rd 2001 Indonesia had changed its policies. The violence in Indonesia and the East Timor conflict was resolved and East Timor got its independence. This was the key to make Indonesia a safer and more stable place keeping in mind that there are still some terrorist organizations and links Al-Qaeda. The Indonesian government had been a positive ally in the war on terrorism.

Indonesia is one of the countries that really know what terrorism is and how much it has an effect on countries. The Bali bombings that occurred in October 12th 2002 affected the economy and the tourist industry severely, and this more than anything is an encouragement for Indonesia to be tough on the terrorists. Indonesia had taken huge anti-terrorist steps the latest was on the 9th of September 2003 when it sentenced the main suspect in the Bali bombings to death. Indonesia’s wise foreign policy makes its relationship good with most Islamic countries, not only that but it also gets along with the US, the UK and the EU. A lot of European countries have very good trading, economical and political relations.

Indonesia on the other hand does not always get along very well with Australia very well because of the former East Timor conflict and then the Bali bombings, and now the Papua conflict but the relations began getting better after Indonesia took appropriate action against the terrorists and sympathy is exchanged between the two countries. The Bali bombings played an important role in the unification of Indonesia and Australia against terrorism. Not only that but now after the East Timor conflict has been and East Timor got its independence. Indonesia is a member in a lot of international organizations including the Nonaligned Movement and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

The ASEAN is the alliance of 10 independent countries in Southeast Asia, the intention of this alliance in the beginning was to stop the spread of communism, but then the intentions were different and some communist countries entered the alliance. Indonesia is an important member first because it was one of the seven establishing countries and secondly because the permanent secretariat is in Jakarta, Indonesia. Indonesia is also a member in the United Nations (UN) and several of its agencies, including the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), the International Monetary Fund, and the Asian Development Bank.

 

History:

Indonesia is a country that is filled with tradition and heritage. It has manipulated from a country of unknown people to a country of tradition and high class people. Indonesia is a Muslim country that has many other religions too.

During the 7th-14th centuries, the Buddhist Kingdom of Sirvagaya flourished on Sumatra. Also by the 14th century, the Hindu Kingdom of Majapahit had risen in eastern Java. In the 1290’s B.C. Islam was bought to Indonesia by the Indian traders who used to pass by the passage of Malacca. Historians have found signs of Indian influences from about A.D. 400 In Indonesia. The Indians did not establish colonies in Indonesia. Some aspects of Indian culture was introduced through trade. Rulers of small kingdoms in Indonesia borrowed Indian ideas about kingship and the organization of kingdoms. Buddhists also influenced the Indonesians. In Java, the main influence was Hindu but there were still Buddhist influence there too.

Beginning in 1602, the Dutch slowly established themselves as rulers of present day of Indonesia. The only exception was east Timor, which remained under Portugal until 1975. During 300 years of Dutch rule, the Dutch developed the Netherlands east Indies into one of the world richest colonial possessions.

During the first decade of the 20th century, an Indonesian independence movement began and expanded rapidly, particularly between the two world wars. Its leaders came from a small group of young professionals and students, some of whom have been educated inn the Netherlands. Many, including Indonesia’s first president Sukarno (1945-67), were imprisoned for political activities.

The Japanese occupied Indonesia for 3 years during World War II. On August 17th 1945, 3 days after the Japanese surrender to the Allies a small group of Indonesians, led by Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta, proclaimed Independence and established the Republic of Indonesia. They set up a provisional government and adopted a constitution to govern the republic until elections could be held and a new constitution written. In 1950 the Indonesia became the 60th member of the United Nations.

Shortly after hostilities with Dutch ended inn 1949, Indonesia adopted a new constitution providing for a new parliamentary system of government in which the executive was chosen by and made responsible to Parliament. At the time of Independence, the Dutch retained control over the Western half of New Guinea and permitted steps toward self government and Independence.

In 1968, the peoples Consultative Assembly (MPR) formally selected Suharto to a full 5-year term as president, and was re-elected to successive 5- year terms, but he was reelected unopposed in 1973, 1978, 1983, and 1988. President Suharto was forced to resign and leave office in disgrace on May 21st after 32 years as head of the world's fourth most populous country. It took a long time for the working masses of Indonesia to build up a movement against Suharto, who ruled the island nation as a dictator. But when they did, they brought an end to Suharto's rule in just a few days.

In 1998 B.J Habibie [HE was more religious that Megawati. In fact, he was cleric] became Indonesia’s third president. In 1999  the first female president Megawati Sukarnoputri was elected for presidency.

On October 13, 2002 there was a terrorist bombing that blasted in a Bali nightclub that was an act of terrorists that were linked to Al-Qaeda group killed almost 200 people. Most of the victims were tourists from Australia and the United Kingdom. The Indonesian government was very cooperative and investigated very deeply in this case until the criminals were found.

 

 

 

Policy Statements



Disarmament:


1. Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons:

As it is known Indonesia is not one of the nuclear states nor does Indonesia have any neighboring countries that have nuclear weapons. Because Indonesia is a peaceful and balanced country it calls on the nuclear weapon states to pledge not to use or threaten to use Nuclear Weapons against any party of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). Indonesia is not very concern with this issue but it does seem to agree on UN resolutions that will keep the threat of nuclear weapons away from the world.

Indonesia believes that many arrangements can be done to assist non-nuclear states from the threat of nuclear weapons. First of all Indonesia sees that all countries except for the five permanent members of the security and Pakistan and India should singe the NPT treaty. Secondly Indonesia sees that the UN and the IAEA inspectors should have the right to enter any non-nuclear state in the case where the agency feels any suspicion in a country. The third and most important agreement is that the countries that have nuclear weapons should only use them for self- defense. In addition the countries that have theses weapons should never be able to use theses weapons in any case on a non-nuclear state.

As a leader/founder of the NAM, Indonesia would be expected to be very strong on this issue.

 

2. Reducing the availability of firearms to civilians and stopping the illegal trafficking of such:

Indonesia admits that it has problems that have to do with terrorism, but Indonesia is proud to admit that it had taken huge anti-terrorist steps. It is also very shameful to ad that firearms are unfortunately available to civilians and to militant groups. The availability of firearms in Indonesia is a very dangerous and negative fact that it has to face. It was so dangerous that four or five years the of these firearms almost led to civil war in Indonesia. This situation had rapidly changed in Indonesia and it’s proud to state that the situation in Indonesia is secure for the majority of the country.

In to establish a more Indonesia and a more secure world, firearms must be taken away from civilians and militant groups. The Indonesian government is putting so much effort to fight terrorism, which is represented by militant groups in Indonesia. Military operations are on a daily bases in the provinces of Aceh and Papua where the militant groups are taking tough actions.

 

3. The role of science and technology in preventing terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction:

Indonesia is a country of peace a country that respects the principles of human rights. This is why Indonesia believes nobody should use weapons of mass destruction except in self-defense situations. Indonesia is facing a lot of problems with terrorist organizations weather it was Al-Qaeda or other militant groups in provinces such as Papua and Aceh. Indonesia does have some defensive weapons that it is using against terrorist, but it really believes that the role of science and technology is important in all of anti-terrorism. 

 

 

Environmental:


1. Prohibition of the dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes:-

Toxic wastes are wastes the are harmful to the sea and wild life they may cause the injury and maybe also the death of many animals and also humans. Radioactive substance are substances that produce radiation when they react to other substances. Indonesia does not allow the Companies that have toxic wastes to dump them in the sea except some special harmless toxins.

This is a very important issue for Indonesia and Indonesia is very strict with it, and Indonesia supports it because dumping radioactive and toxic wastes may cause a large number of hazards for the nature; and that many Indonesia residents are farmers. Indonesia suggests the formation of an environmental organization that is approved by all the countries and isn’t rejected by any other country, this organization would be in the hands of the 5 permanent members in the UN (USA, UK, Russia, France, China) these 5 countries shall be in charge of this program, and it will help countries that have toxic and radioactive wastes dumped in them (i.e. Eastern Europe).

Alternately, Indonesia would like to form a International Environmental Police that will stop any country from dumping these toxic and radioactive wastes and if so a country does not obey the rules they shall be fined a large amount of money. These program shall not only help Indonesia but it will also help many other countries that contain sea life and depend a lot in the fishing income, this project shall also be handled by the

 

2. Promotion of new and renewable sources of energy including the implementation of the World Solar Program 1996-2005:-

An energy resource is the substance used to power up trains, cars, and computer. Oil is also an energy resource but not the one used to start up computers oil is used in cars plans, in addition oil is sold by a lot of countries to gain incomes; most of the countries that oil is not found in it is a poor country

Indonesia is interested in this because the World solar program contains very good strategic project that will help Indonesia and Asia a lot like the center for education and training in renewable and the pilot project for production of drinking water for a remote community. This will help many forests and tropical areas, and many other countries. Indonesia suggests that this is to be taken in mind after most of the world’s oil is finished so many countries which depend on oil as a major export, so they would not get in major financial problems.

 

3. Promoting the sustainable development of the world's forests and preventing deforestation and habitat destruction:-

This problem is not only facing Indonesia it is facing the hole world because the threatening issue is a serious problem and Indonesia supports this problem; in the past Indonesia fast this problem in high rates until the ruled that no tree under 30 years old shall be cut.

Indonesia also stated in the rule that for every tree that is being cut 2 must be planted by the company so they would be able to grow and Indonesia would not be facing a Natural Problem.

Indonesia suggests that this rule should be in each country that has forests and/or rain forest, because this will save a lot of trees and Indonesia also suggest that each company shall be given a certain area of land and that area shall do what ever it wants with this area of land and in exchange the Government shall take an amount of money as rent

 

4. Food safety risks associated with the GMF and foods derived from biotechnology:-

GM foods are grown from crops improved through biotechnology that changes the genetic makeup and make them more resistant to insects and disease. Indonesia is with this issue because it is one of the major exporters of GMF and food derived from biotechnology. GMF are environment friendly because GMF use less soil than other plants.

There are no healthy risks that come with GMF and biotechnology food. Many countries import GMF like Canada, the US., Argentina, and China, according to Greenpeace. GM foods are also produced in South Africa, Australia, Mexico, Bulgaria, Uruguay, Romania, Spain, Indonesia, and Germany. Indonesia suggests they import of GMF and biotechnology food in many more countries. Especially the poor countries since it is cheaper than normal food.

 

 

Human Rights:

1. Creation of a charter of economic rights.

Some places in Indonesia are not as fortunate and wealthy as other cities in Indonesia, The Indonesian government tries to distribute as much economic aid as possible to these poor cities. For many years these cities and villages barely made it through tight spots. The lack of money and other economic factors were jeopardizing the lives of many people. These problems got pretty severe and led to economic racism between the people of Indonesia. Thankfully, in the recent couple of years these problems improved to the better. All around the world, countries and people suffer from the exact same reasons. Lack of money sometimes risks the availability of food to countless numbers of people and children around the world, and it also leads to the termination of some of the important reconstruction projects that are taking place in various developing countries.

To prevent some of these major economic crises from occurring, Indonesia supports the idea of creating a charter of economic rights, because that will ensure that no more people or children will die as a result of the lack of food or money. It will also insure that countries that are under reconstruction or other developing projects will possess the right to continue their project without economic obstacles. This charter will hopefully reduce economic racism between the different people and tribes of the world. Most importantly it will help make the world a happier place.

 

2. The threat of infringement of human rights posed by the implementation of anti-terrorism policies and practices.

Foreign media are delivering the wrong impression of many cultures and countries as a result of their religion on their heredity. They have spread the image that any Arabic or Muslim person is a criminal, immoral, insensitive terrorist. This image has caused the embarrassment, harassment, humiliation of many Muslims and Arabs around the world. They are being stopped in airports of various countries for and are handled differently than other passengers. They're sometimes forced to wait days in the airport because of the suspicion that they may be terrorists or hijackers. That is only one example of the many ways the distortion of Muslims and Arabs is affecting their lives negatively.

Indonesia believes that no one deserves to be treated different because of his or her religion or his or her authenticity. People must have sound evidence about a specific crime to treat a person differently. People should not judge a whole culture of religion on the acts of o person of the billions of innocent people. Indonesia also hopes that the UN can find a way to fund incapable schools with proper equipment and curriculums in order to decrease the amount of negative ideologies that are spread throughout schools that are funded by other countries.

 

3. Protection of the political rights of indigenous peoples, their outstanding land claims, and their right to self-determination.

Indonesia consists of many different ethnic groups and tribes that have been around for extremely long. Most of them have been in Indonesia as long as the Indonesian history remembers. These tribes along with other tribes are living equally in the many islands of Indonesia. There is no difference between one tribe and another and that causes minor problems of originality. But the ethnic groups in Indonesia believe things differently and some believe that they are the original Indonesians and the others are recent and authentic Indonesians. Indonesia doesn’t have many problems with the political rights, outstanding land claims, or rights to self-determination of their citizens. They all have the right to vote for their president, governor, and other political issues.

Indonesia believes that once a person becomes a citizen on Indonesia, then he or she is as equal as all the other citizens of Indonesia, and shares all their rights. If a tribe or ethnic group is considered more important or practices more rights than the other citizens, they might take advantage of these rights and ask for separation from the country, as the case of Aceh.

 

4. The question of displaced persons as a result of political, social, and economic crises.

Some of the Indonesian people have suffered from economic racism as a result of economic crises in the island or area in which they live. Since the system in Indonesia is that 70% of the income received from the exporting of a specific resource goes to the state in which it was uncovered in, while the other 30 % is distributed among the other states. So the states with no resources whatsoever become quite poor and suffer from poverty and are then victims of economic racism, and usually travel to other countries to work as maids, drivers...etc., this problem than develops into a slight social issue. Thankfully, there are no major political crises in Indonesia after the falling of President Suharto.

Indonesia has done all that it can to provide these states with what the government is capable of. Some other states donate food and financial aid to these countries. Indonesia tries its best to help these people that suffer from economic crises and that is why it supports the creation of an economic charter and the intervention of the United Nations.

 

 

Social:

 

1. The role of science and technology in social development including questions relating to the world’s youth, aging, disabled persons and the family.

Science and technology is very important for the improvement of the quality of life, but science and technology can also be a way to devastate families. Economically it devastates the country. For example, in order for a family to get their family healthy, they will have to pay a lot because the medicine world has developed and is using more developed equipment for the country so it will cost more. So, if this family Is going to for example operate on someone they are maybe going to afford for this person to operate but then, the rest of this family will suffer from the money that they have paid to save this person. This will be because most of the population Is poor.

That is why Indonesia is against this issue unless a solution is found. A solution that may be affective will be to have free medical checks available to all Indonesian citizens because then this will not devastate the country and will also encourage the people to get regular health checks so the result will be that less diseases and sickness will be spread among the country.

 

2. The role of schools in promulgating and spreading violent ideologies.

Schools can have a major impact on a person’s ideology. School is the place

where children first learn how to think and act towards life including all its many obstacles. Some are brought up to act towards obstacles with violence, and others with patience. That’s why the first seeds that are grown in a child’s mind should be a good seed so that seed will grow to be a good plant. If a school teaches its children to think right from the beginning, they will grow to think right. Indonesia has encountered a problem towards this problem. The Indonesian curriculum is one of the best. There is no problem with the curriculum but the only problem is how the teachers are teaching the students and what kind of impression are they giving the students while teaching them. Although Indonesia is trying their best and putting all their efforts into stopping this problem, nothing can turn out to be perfect in one night. Indonesia needs time trying to analysis this problem and find a solution to it. Most countries that are brainwashing the children and encouraging terrorism ( which Indonesia is not because they are working towards solving this problem ) should refrain from doing that because forcing ideas like that will only lead to violence. Indonesia is a democratic country that wants to be fair and peaceful. With the help of UNESCO ( Educational sector in the united Nations) this problem will be hopefully conquered but not instantly because UNESCO is currently working on that worldwide

 

3. The issue of economic and technical cooperation among developing countries.

All developing countries should have some kind of cooperation with other countries. Countries which have already developed and wealthy should help other developing countries by economically and technically cooperating with them. They can do this by for example trading technical equipment with capital and land. They can also do that by for example placing an Internet connection center in the developing country so that it will economically gain wealth.

Indonesia is with this issue and is currently doing that with other Asian countries throughout Asia. Indonesia is the leader and the former "ward" of the WB/IMF.

 

4. Preservation and establishment of defined rights for sufferers from diseases such as SARS and AIDS.

Indonesia has suffered from SARS just a little. It did not have a lot of victims as a result of this disease. Indonesia was very careful with the victims by taking great care of them. There are no recent sufferers of AIDS in Indonesia. Although they did have a few a while ago but all of them past away. Currently Indonesia has been taking precautionary steps towards SARS because it has been said that SARS will come back soon although it has not been stated exactly when.

Indonesia is aware that SARS will come back so it is currently offering a lot of general advise and precautions to its citizens because 2% of the Indonesian citizens are Chinese that are constant travelers that travel from China to Indonesia constantly which compared to the huge amount of Indonesians are a lot. In China there are still people who are suffering from SARS. The Chinese people that are constantly traveling from China to Indonesia can bring SARS with them to Indonesia that is why Indonesia is currently working a lot with this case. Indonesia would like to thank the WHO (world health organization) and support for its efforts into stopping diseases such as SARS and AIDS.

 

 

 

Resolutions:

Commission: Disarmament
Delegation: Indonesia
Delegate: Fahad Al-Rushaid

Issue: Reducing the availability of firearms to civilians and stopping the illegal trafficking of such:

Defining illegal arms trafficking as any unlicensed selling, purchasing, and/or transporting of weapons,

Alarmed by the number of conflicts worldwide caused as a result of illegal possession and use of arms,

Bearing in mind that civil wars in Indonesia and some other countries especially African nations are caused by the trafficking of illegal firearms,

Noting that the availability of fire arms in Indonesia were what caused terrorist actions such as the Bali bombings,

Supports countries that are willing to work together to stop the destructive trade of firearms,

Bringing into attention that Indonesia is taking huge anti-terrorist steps where reducing the availability of firearms to civilians is one of the priorities,

Notes with appreciation the efforts of international and regional organizations such as Interpol (International Police) and the IANSA (International Action Network on Small Arms) that are helping in preventing the illegal trade of firearms,

1-Draws the attention of the international community to this severe problem and the importance of solving it;

2- Resolves the creation of an organization form the IANSA (International Action Network on Small Arms) that include all nations suffering from the trafficking of firearms. These nations are mostly concentrated in Asia and Africa. The IANSA should also have representatives in each of the countries in the organization;

3-Resolves that countries affected by the trafficking of firearms take the following laws concerning restrictions upon civilian possession of firearms into consideration:
A. All persons wishing to own and/or use a firearm must obtain a license from the government,
B. Civilian possession of weapons should be restricted to small arms,
C. No persons under the age of 21 will be allowed to obtain a firearm license or purchase weapons or ammunition,
D. Governments reserve the rights to ban any weapons that can be a threat to peace in the country and in the world;

4-Further Resolves IANSA creates an organization that monitors factories owned by nations that make firearms in order to prevent the selling of firearms to civilians, and the factories shall also add a GPS device in the firearms to be able to trace the arm;

5-Further resolves that IANSA and all participating countries to form an sub- organization for intelligence and research called IOMIA (International Organization for Monitoring Illegal Arms) that’s main goals are:
A. The monitoring of trans-border illegal arms trafficking and arms-Mafia activities,
B. The gathering of intelligence on trans-border arms-Mafia organizations,
C. The sharing of this information between member states through meetings and telecommunications;

6-Urges countries affected by the problem of trafficking firearms to implement weapons collection campaigns from the civilian population.
A. Incentives such as compensation fees will encourage the civilian population to turn in firearms.
B. IANSA’s office in the countries suffering from this problem shall inspect the houses of the civilians who’s weapons have been collected from to prevent him from buying other weapons.

 

 

Commission: Environmental
Delegation: Indonesia
Delegate: Ahmad Al-Qamlas
Question of: Prohibition of the dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes

Defining Toxic and Radioactive wastes as "wastes that contain toxic and extremely sensitive wastes that may lead to the harm of organisms,",

Considering the serious and dangerous problem that are being caused by the toxic and radioactive wastes similar to dumping of toxic and radioactive wastes by the USSR (former Soviet Union):
A. The death of many sea life creatures,
B. The production of diseases that may lead to the harm of many humans and life creature,
C. The pollution of the sea life,

Taking in mind the effect that the radioactive and toxic wastes will have on the animals that are found rarely in special marine areas and in area where oil spill accidents occurred like the Exxon Valdez incident in the United states that lead to the loss of millions of creatures and lead to the loss of $2.1 billion on the clean up,

Believing that if no action shall be taken in favor of this issue this will lead to the death of millions of creatures according to the new 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals that quarter of all known mammal species are at risk of extinction,

Supports the actions of the Green Peace organization for trying to stop dumping radioactive and toxic wastes and encourages them to continue on fighting this issue,

Keeping in mind the effect of the Chernobyl Accident that lead to the death of many that occurred on the 26 of April 1986 located in Ukraine about 2o km south of the borders with Belarus,

1-Recommends the formation of a sub-committee for the IEAA that:
A. Shall be called the Eastern European Countries Supporter (EECS),
B. Shall have a Head quarter in Geneva, Switzerland since it is a neutral country,
C. Shall have a base in Russia and several other areas in Eastern Europe,
D. Shall have 3 main offices, a head office, and a funding office,
E- Keeping in mind that this will happen with the approval of the country involves;

2-Drawing the attention that this EECS shall be under the control of the united nation so all of the countries shall have the right to state their opinion in it and these opinion shall be taken into act;

3-Further Emphasizing that this sub-organization shall help these countries by
A. Collecting the wastes that were left after the former Soviet Union (USSR),
B. Recycling these collected wastes,
C. Selling these wastes on larger or stronger countries such as the 5 countries of the Security Council, this shall be done throughout the United Nation for Security Procedure,
D. Using the income to fund this program and help clean these countries,
E. Using the income money to build more energy reactors for these poor countries,
F. Spending some of the money on the families that suffered from the toxic and radio active wastes,
G. Spending some as gifts to the countries that helped them as gratitude;

4-Proclaims that this sub-organization shall be checked upon by
A. Inspectors and lab scientist and news reporters so more countries will be interested and join each 6 months for the first 2 years,
B. Inspectors and lab scientist and news reporters each 12 months for the next 4 years,
C. Inspectors and reporters for the next 12 months for the rest of the period;

5-Draws the attention that this EECS shall be under the control of the united nation so all of the countries shall have the right to state their opinion in it and these opinion shall be taken into act;

6-Reminds that this organization can save many ecosystem which are related the sea and many humans from deadly diseases and skin diseases;

7-Congratulates the success that the Green Peace organization had on solving this issue in some of the regions of the world and wishes that it would be resolved in the whole world;

8-Recommends the use of the of the EECS because in the use of this sub-organization both countries are helped and in the end of each year the countries get an amount of money as gratitude this is very helpful for poor countries;

9- Emphasizing that most of countries should agree with this resolution to save the extinction and the destruction of sea life, including the harm of humans.

 

 

Commission: Human Rights
Delegation: Indonesia
Delegate: Amna Al-Sager
Question of: The threat of infringement of human rights posed by the implementation of anti-terrorism policies and practices.

Defining anti-terrorism policies and practices as "actions and policies taken to decrease the amount of terrorism actions or trying to eliminate them completely,"

Defining terrorism as "the use of violence and intimidation for personal beliefs or political purposes,"

Defining War on terrorism as military and social "action taken to try and stop terrorism," and defining this as a war,

Notes "The war against terrorism as the current hottest issue is prone to the violation of one's rights, including in Indonesia." as issued by the Jakarta Times,

Further defining people involved or captured as a result of the implementation of anti-terrorism practices as Prisoners of the War against Terrorism,

Reminds of the following clauses from the Geneva Convention of treatment of POWs:
A. Persons taking no active part in the hostilities, including members of armed forces who are unarmed and those who are subject to sickness, wounds, detention, or any other cause, shall be treated humanely, without any type of discrimination,
B. The following acts are prohibited at any time and in any place with respect to the POWs:
1. Violence to life and person (murder, mutilation, and torture)
2. Outrages upon personal dignity (humiliating and degrading treatment)
3. The passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgment by a regularly constituted court,
C. The present Convention shall apply to all cases of declared war or of any other armed conflict which may arise between two or more of the High Contracting Parties, even if the state of war is not recognized by one of them.
1. The wounded and sick shall be collected and cared for,
2. An impartial humanitarian body, such as the International Committee of the Red Cross, may offer its services to the Parties to the conflict,
3. Every prisoner of war shall be able to write to his family and to the Central Prisoners of War Agency, informing them of his capture, address and health. The said cards shall be forwarded as rapidly as possible and may not be delayed,
4. POWs have the right to apply to the representatives of the Protecting Powers, to issue any complaints to make regarding their conditions of captivity,

1. Confirms that people involved or captured as a result of the implementation of anti-terrorism practices as Prisoners of the War against Terrorism, therefore have the rights that are mentioned in the Geneva Convention,

2. Calls upon the Security Council to discuss restrictions that are to be placed on specific rights mentioned from the Geneva Convention or to amend certain clauses as seen required, and place consequences for countries that are not giving the prisoners of war against terrorism their rights that are agreed upon in this resolution and the Security Council,

3. Further Resolves the formation of the United Nations Sub-Organization for the Protection of Human Rights of Suspects of Terrorism (UNSOPHRST) under the United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) which will:
A. Have its headquarters in Geneva,
B. Have 1 branch in each continent,
C. Be assigned, by the UN, a head of office for each branch,
D. Have enough staff members (including translators, investigators…etc.) required depending on the specific situations in the area,
E. Assign one person from each country’s police department to work in association with the UNSOPHRST,
F. Receive monthly reports from the police department official who works in association with the UNSOPHRST regarding any violations of the human rights of individuals as a result of the implementation of the ant-terrorism policies and practices,
G. Send investigators immediately to countries that have been reported to have individual’s who are being imprisoned and do not possess their rights as stated in the Geneva Convention, or who’s rights are being violated,
H. Research and gather information about specific prisoners of the war against terrorism that are being held in countries that do not permit the UNSOPHRST’s investigators to enter their country,
I. Send investigators to different countries to make sure that all of the people held or imprisoned as a result of the implementation of anti-terrorism policies and practices possess all their rights that have been recorded in the Geneva Convention,
J. Have a sub-committee under each branch that will deal with investigate missing individuals by performing the following:
i. Receive complaints of missing individuals by family members or relatives or close friends of a person that has been missing for a period of 2 months or more without contacting anyone,
ii. Investigate and research the case of each individual that has been missing for 2 months or more without contact and determine whether the person missing could be imprisoned in a foreign country as a result of the implementation of anti-terrorism policies and practices,
iii. Send investigators to ensure that the person is given all his/her rights,
iv. Inform the family, relatives or friends of the individual about the status of the individual,
K. Record all the cases and information they have gathered and dealt with and submit a monthly report to the Secretary General and to the Security Council,

4. Calls upon a meeting of the head of offices of all the branches once a year or whenever there is an emergency at the headquarters in Geneva to do the following:
A. Make sure that all of the steps that are being taken by the branches agree with the national sovereignty of the country in which the branch is located,
B. Discuss any arising issues or problems facing the UNSOPHRST that could not be resolved within the branch,
C. Discuss the need for more staff or equipment within each branch,
D. Vote on which person from each country’s police department to work in association with the UNSOPHRST,
E. Debate and discuss further developments of the UNSOPHRST,
F. Discuss any incentives that should be given to countries that cooperate,
G. Discuss consequences for countries that are not giving the prisoners of war against terrorism their rights that are mentioned in the Geneva Convention if the Security Council fails to do so.

 

 

Delegation: Indonesia
Committee: Social
Delegate: Nouriya Al Sager
Issue: The spread of violent ideologies in schools.

Defining ideology as "a system of thoughts based on related assumptions, beliefs, and explanations,"

Stating that people who are strongly committed to an ideology have difficulty understanding and communicating with supporters of a conflicting ideology (www.newyorktimes.com),

Noting that 60% of terrorists become terrorists because of the violent ideologies that they were brought up to believe from schools(www.bbc.com),

Confirms that Islam is a peaceful religion that is NOT a violent ideology and does not support any kind of violence(www.state.gov),

Further noting as albawaba.com stated that nearly 40% of people who believe in violent ideologies live in an uneducated environment,

Noting in regret that most of the violent ideologies that students are getting in schools are encouraged by their parents as article no. 237 in the Asian times stated,

Noting with deep regret that most teachers are taking advantage of their role as educators and spreading violent ideologies among their students,

1. Resolves the formation of a UN committee that will be called the UNCPSVIS ( The United Nations Committee for the Prevention of Spread of Violent Ideologies In Schools); UNCPVIS will be a branch of UNESCO and will involve the following
A. 30 chairs which will be elected by the UNESCO every two years,
B. Beyond the 30 chairs there will be volunteer supervisors which will be specifically educated by the UNESCO and will be accurately chosen depending on knowledge, experience, capabilities, etc.,
C. All jobs which will be related to stopping the spread of violent ideologies in schools such as monitoring, educating, supervising, etc. ..will be the job of the UNCPVIS,
D. A main headquarters will be placed but other stations will be spread out throughout the world depending on the needs of that country which will be decided by the UNESCO.

2. Further resolves that the UNCPSVIS will take care of the following
A. All teachers are to be well educated on the subject that they are teaching in order to have them teach it in the most elaborate and legal way to avoid further spreading of violent ideologies in schools, by giving lectures and providing teachers with the necessary supplies( e.g. Books, brochures, pamphlets, booklets, etc.,
B. Creating institutes in uneducated countries that will educate the teachers and help them understand why they have these violent ideologies in order to resolve this way of thinking,
C. Having severe consequences on teachers that spread violent ideologies.
D. The monitoring of these teachers will be under the supervision of the UNESCO;

3. Encourages all nations to take the following steps towards increasing awareness regarding this issue along the help with the UNCPSVIS:
A. Hold public conferences regarding the spread of violent ideologies among students around the world,
B. Have rules state that education is mandatory for children until a specific stage,
C. Spread flyers for those people who can read them;

4. Confirms that anyone that is caught spreading violent ideologies in schools will face a severe consequences depending on a trial which will be judged by a professional hired by UNESCO;

5. Urges all nations to vote for this resolution for its negative affect on society and on the world.

 

 

 

Opening Speech


It brings Indonesia great sadness to say that our peace and quiet were disturbed by a group of insensitive people who fight for what they believe in without thinking of others, such as the Bali bombing incident. These people have caused pain and sadness in our country with their terrorist acts. Indonesia has taken the wrong steps towards these acts in the past and is proud to say that it is working on putting an end to such actions with resent positive results against the Al-Qaeda. What was done is in our past, now lets work on the future.

 

 

 

Statement of Delegates

Disarmament: Fahed Al-Rushaid

The 2003 KSAA event was my first major MUN event. From this event I gained a lot and gained a lot of experience. During the first day which was lobbing and merging I along with Cote D'ivoire put together a great resolution that unfortunately was not debated the following day in my committee. This gave me a bad impression on the host school. The impression was that they only chose resolutions from ASK and their school. On the bright side as one country which was the republic of Indonesia we made a lot of progress we were the first group from BBS that had our resolution debated in the GA. And from the efforts of our group members our resolution on human rights was passed.

 

Environmental: Delegate Ahmad Al- Qamlas

In the event my country was Indonesia and I accomplished many things in the event. First of all in the first day of lobbying and merging I with the help of many in my group was successful to gather 23 votes for the resolution that I helped in which reached to the GA and passed. I also learned how to act as a professional delegate and how other delegates acted. I was able to trash 3 severely bad resolution in the Environmental Organization Debate, and in the GA my group and I voted for 2 resolutions the environmental and the human rights and abstained for the rest 2 resolutions. Lastly I was glad to participate in the event.

 

Human Rights and Ambassador: Amna Al-Sager

This was an extremely successful and productive MUN event for the Republic of Indonesia. In this event the delegate in the Human Rights Commission (Ambassador) productively debated her resolution as main submitter. After a rather tense debate, the resolution passed through the commission with a vote of 31 for the resolution and only 4 against, the resolution was then debated further in the General Assembly. The resolution was debated very thoroughly and was then passed in the General Assembly, then a BBS resolution had reached the General Assembly and passed through the General Assembly for the first time in the past eight years. That wonderful accomplishment was by the Republic of Indonesia, by the Human Rights Delegate Amna Al-Sager.

 

Social: Nouriya Al-Sager

In this event, the Republic of Indonesia accomplished a great deal of things. The republic Indonesia gained its respect and trust among the other fellow countries, the republic also proved to other countries how diplomatic and wise it was into making its decisions. The republic of Indonesia was the main submitter to a very strong resolution which unfortunately was not brought up in the social committee. During its experience in the general Assembly and the Social forum, the republic of Indonesia got known for being able to kill and not be killed. This country was able to break every single resolution that it was against.