Political Structure (Ambassador):
Latvia is a country that is ruled under the parliamentary democracy system, its administrative divisions are; 26 counties (singular - rajons) and 7 municipalities: Aizkraukles Rajons, Aluksnes Rajons, Balvu Rajons, Bauskas Rajons, Cesu Rajons, Daugavpils*, Daugavpils Rajons, Dobeles Rajons, Gulbenes Rajons, Jekabpils Rajons, Jelgava*, Jelgavas Rajons, Jurmala*, Kraslavas Rajons, Kuldigas Rajons, Liepaja*, Liepajas Rajons, Limbazu Rajons, Ludzas Rajons, Madonas Rajons, Ogres Rajons, Preilu Rajons, Rezekne*, Rezeknes Rajons, Riga*, Rigas Rajons, Saldus Rajons, Talsu Rajons, Tukuma Rajons, Valkas Rajons, Valmieras Rajons, Ventspils*, Ventspils Rajons. The legal system is based on civil law system.
Suffrage is given to Latvian citizens at the age of 18. The Legislative branch is the Unicameral Parliament or Saeima, which contains 100 seats elected by popular vote to serve four year terms, and the Executive branch holds elections every four years. In the Judicial branch is made up of the Supreme Court and judges in it are appointed and confirmed by Parliament.
Latvia is located in Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania. Latvia is made out of 1,000 sq. km of water, and 63,589 sq. km of land which is a total of 64,589 sq. km. Latvia is bordered by Belarus (141 km), Estonia (339 km), Lithuania (453 km) and Russia (217km). Latviaís surrounding seas are gulf of Riga and the Baltic Sea. The land of Latvia is has 2 uses, the first one is arable land which covers 29.01% of the land, and the second one is permanent crops and it covers 0.48% of the land, and the rest of the land is for other uses.
Latvia is a landlocked nation that is mostly land, BUT it's coastline on the Baltic is very important. The lowest point in Latvia is the Baltic Sea 0m and the highest point is the Gaizinkalns 312 m. Latvia has many cities which are Ventspils Lieoaja, Jurmala Riga (capital city), Jelgava, Valmiera, Alaksne, Uekabpils, Rezekne, Daugaveils. There are about 12,000 rivers in Latvia, the biggest being the River Daugava. The time in Latvia according to the GMT line is GMT +2. Latvia also has numerous hills and mountains.
Natural resources: (Abdullah)
Latvia many natural resources we can broken into 2 parts. First the forest resources and the major forest resource is wood. Wood plays a major factor in Latviaís economy. Second are fish resources which have a great influence on the countryís economy because is a major export in Latvia. Last but not least, there are many other natural resources in the country like peat, limestone, dolomite, hydropower, wood, arable land, minimal; amber, but has no oil at all. All of these resources are exports of the country and have very large influence on the countryís economy.
Cultural Factors: (Laila)
In 1987 the first official census in the area indicated the Latvians formed 68.3 percent of the total population of 1.93 million, the rest were Russian which formed 12.0 percent, Jews which formed 7.4 percent, German which formed 6.2 percent, and poles which formed 3.4 percent, the remainder were Lithuanians, Estonians, and Gypsies. Latvia formed the higher proportion of all the other ethnic groups because the groups started immigrating to other countries out of the Soviet Union.
This immigration happened because the ethnic groups faced tragedies such as Germany. Latvia was one of the most urbanized republic of the former Soviet Union, reaching an urbanization rate of 71 percent in 1991. Education is one of the most important things in Latvia, and a rule was published that children from about age of six should complete nine years of primary schooling, which may be followed, by three years of secondary education. Latvians consider themselves as Nordics, which is related to Germans and Scandanavians. However Latvians refare to themselves as "Latvije" which means "forest-cleaners-.
A high proportion Latvians have married members of other ethnic groups due to the fear of becoming a minority and in spite of the strains caused by Russification. 30 percent of Latvians have been married to members of other ethnic groups. Latvians are known for the extremely high divorce rate, however no adequate explanation has been found for the huge number of divorcing. Latvia has registered 22,337 weddings and 11,070 divorces. Marriages between Latvians and other ethnic groups decreased by 10 percent. While divorces increased by 24 percent. Instability of marriage accounts for the relatively high percentage of birth outside of marriage. Latvians had a good relation with Germans.
Latvians WERE PRO-Nazis they heped Germans in WW2. Latvians hate Russians; they have taken away the right to vote, the right to education and the right to a future away from their Russia was really bad in year 1998, when Russia cut oil export through Latvia in dispute of the descrimination of the ethnic Russian in Latvia. Latvia's official language is Latvian. However so many Latvians speak Russian as a second language. 25% of the Latvians also know how to speak German. Most Latvians are Lutheran like northern Germans, Latvians that are Lutheran make 55.2% of the Latvia's population, however a sizable minotrity are Russian Orthodox. The rest are Roman Catholic.
Latvia is a country thatís military power is not so good, because it isnít a very powerful country. However, when Latvia joined NATO Latvia became more professional in the terms of military power. Latvia has many allies, the 3 major ones are America, Germany, and France, but Latvia has more allies and they are Estonia, Lithuania, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Hungary, Slovakia, Poland, the Czech Republic and Malta. Many of the European countryís support Latvia, but arenít allies they only support the issue.
Latviaís army is made of Ground Forces, Navy, Air Defense Forces, Border Guard and National Guard. 18 years old Latvians only can join the army, but itís possible to have a 15 year old join the army. The oldest people in the army are between 49-55 years old, but the soldiers with a high degree could stay longer. There are 592,562 soldiers and guards in the army. $87-90 million were paid by the Latvian government for the army. Military expenditures on the percent of GDP 1.2%. Latviaís army has many experienced and not experienced men, the experienced ones where the men that fought with the Soviet Union which are a quarter percent of the army and the rest some are good soldiers who were trained by NATO officers.
Economics (Fatemah Abdulkareem)
The economy of Latvia is stable and in good shape through out the past years. Latvia's main economy is formed by manufacturing agricultural businesses. Manufacturing makes up about three quarters of the production in Latvia. Latvia's most common industrial production is electronic equipment, house-hold appliances, machinery, processed foods, and metals. Agriculture makes up less the fifth of the value of production in Latvia. Agricultural products are grain, sugar beets, potatoes, vegetables, beef, pork, fish, and dairy products.
Some of Latvia's import partners are Germany, Russia, Lithuania, Finland and Sweden. Export partners are the same as the import partners but including the UK and excluding Finland. Imports in Latvia are about $3.9 billion. $2.3 billion is the amount of exports of The Republic of Latvia. Debts on Latvia make about $3.4 billion. Latvia's currency is called the "Latvian lat".
View on World Problems (Fatemah Abdulkareem)
The Latvian republic is a participant in many different organization but the most important organizations are the NATO, EU, FAO, Interpol, UN, WHO organizations. The Latvian republic was occupied in 1940 when the Soviet Union was formed. Then it gained its independence after the split of the Soviet Union in 1991. Latvia has lots of friends. Some of Latvia's most common friends are in Europe. Latvia is a peaceful country that has almost no enemies because of its late independence in 1991, and that didn't give it a chance to form enemies in the world so fast. Having in consideration that it is a 13 year old new independent country. Germany, Russia, UK, and many more are Latvia's friends.
The lands known today have been inhabited since around 9000 BC. The Baltic tribes settled in this area in the first half of the second millennium BC. The Letts who were Indo-European Balts arrived around BC 2500. In 1201 German crusaders brought Christianity and were followed by traders. Riga was found by Germans. In 1282 Riga joined the Hanseatic League and in the following decades seven more Latvian towns joined the League. In the 19th century, industry developed, making Latvia, and especially Riga at times a prosperous territory. In November 1918, after the end of World War 1, Latvia proclaimed its independence which was recognized in a peace treaty with the Soviet Union in August 1920.
In October 1939, Soviet troops arrived in Latvia, and as of June 1940, the county was effectively occupied. A year later, Nazi Germany took over until 1944-1945 when the Soviet regime was restored. During both occupations, many people were deported or fled, and economic structures were destroyed. As the country had a solid agriculture and industrial tradition, much of its production from collectivized farm and from new factories was destined for other parts of the Soviet Union.
A significant migration took place and Russian became the predominant language. As a result, by the late eighties, native Latvians formed only just over half of the population. Finally in August 1991, Latvia regained its independence. This was followed by the installation of the democracy and of a market economy. An intensive operation emerged with democratic nations, including the foremost European Countries and the European Union. This process is leading to Latvia's accession in 2004 to both NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and the European Union. There is been a lot of tension between the Russians and Germans for influence and control of Latvia.
1) Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons.
Nuclear weapons are very bad and should be taken away from some countries. First, nuclear weapons are counted as WOMD, which means that they are very dangerous. Second, Nuclear weapons could kill many innocent people if used, and cause destruction and breakdown of countries. Such as the destruction in Japan when Hiroshima was bombed. Lastly, Nuclear weapons are weapons that shouldnít even be given to countries that misuse them such as Iraq.
Latvia strongly supports international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons. Latvia strongly expresses its wishes that countries like its self who donít have any nuclear power, how could they be saved. Second, Latvia thinks that it has an enemy that is fully equipped with nuclear weapons that could erase the country from earth. Last but not least, Latvia strongly supports all countries that are supporting this issue in helping countries with small nuclear power.
Latvia urges the UN to do something in this nuclear issue cause its really threatening some countries.
2) Reducing the availability of firearms to civilians and stopping the illegal trafficking of such.
Firearms trafficking maybe stopped by governments, but some traffic them for gangs or oppositions. Firstly, firearms given to civilians is just only having many stacks of crime records daily, itís just a legal way to commit crimes. Second, no countries should allow trafficking weapons, even the countries that allow civilians to have weapons and carry the around. Last but not least, of course 95% of countries give weapons to some people in the army for all times on duty or off duty. Civilians shouldnít carry weapons around with them.
Latvia strongly states that civilians shouldnít carry weapons with them. First, Latvia thinks that civilians shouldnít carry weapons cause civilians carry weapons=more crimes=more people dying its as simple as that. Second, Latvia is 100% against trafficking everything either weapons or drugs; cause Latvian policy is against smuggling anything. Last but not least, Latvia thinks that its people doesnít fight each other like other, and believes its people does only fight enemies.
3) The role of science and technology in preventing terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction.
Science and technology 2 big words that help many type of people, these people are good and bad. Science was used by good people to invent a telephone, but in the other hand science was used to kill innocent people in September 11, 2000. Terrorists change science and technology into something a person canít imagine they are making people hate science now. Terrorists use weapons of mass destruction by taking scientists and changing them into terrorists like them. Governments should be more clever than terrorists they should use technology to kill terrorists.
Latvia thinks that science and technology plays an important role in catching terrorists, and in building them. Latvia, thinks that there are many ways to track terrorists by using technology. Latvia thinks that people who know about science and technology should help even. Lastly, Latvia says that all countries should use scientists to track terrorists.
Latvia urges the UN to use science and technology to track terrorists.
4) Creating a treaty on cyber-warfare
Warfare is the use of force on the part of two or more nations or other organized groups for the purpose of deciding questions at issue that cannot be settled by diplomatic means. First, there are many types of war fares we have cold, military, cyber war fares and many more. Second, Cyber Warfare is using force against an enemy, like hacking in the computers, destroying the other sideís website. Last but not least, cyber warfare is a very dangerous type of warfare it could huge losses of countries documents. Cyber warfare should never happen, because it causes many tragedies.
Latvia thinks that there should be a treaty signed by all countries that stops cyber warfare. First, Latvia thinks that cyber warfare has many side affects to all countries. Second, Latvia is concerned on this matter because this matter not only is important for Latvia, but itís important for everything in the Planet. Lastly, Latvia thinks Cyber wars could never happen if there was a signed world treaty that says no for Cyber warfare. Cyber wars are very dangerous wars that if happened will change wars to a new digitalized type of wars that affect everything. Latvia thinks that cyber wars violate national sovereignty.
1) Prohibition of the dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes.
During radioactive fission, very harmful radiation rays are released. The most harmful of which are gamma ray. When the human body is exposed to radiation, it can cause tumors and can do extreme damage to the reproductive organs. For this reason, problems associated with radioactivity can be passed on to the victim's children as well. Not only this but Leukemia clusters and high incidence of other cancers have revealed the risks on living near radioactive sites. Workers in the radioactive uranium industry mines of power station are even at greater risks. Scientists argued about ways to keep waste away from people, some think that waste should be placed in concrete containers and buried far beneath the earth's surface. Others suggested that waste should be loaded in rockets and shot to the sun. Reprocessing radioactive fuel was another way, as it takes the waste and separates out uranium for reuse in power stations or in nuclear weapons.
Latvia's only radioactive research reactor, in Salsapils, was shut down in June 1998 and is currently being decommissioned. In July 2001, Latvia set up a radiation protection center responsible for surveillance and monitoring in the area of radiation protection and radioactive safety. 1997 Latvia became a member of Nuclear Supplier Group that had to do with radioactive wastes and toxic wastes. June 2001, the European Council adopted a report on radioactive safety in the context of enlargement. The report recommends all the applicant countries to pursue their national programs on the safe management of toxic wastes and radioactive wastes. Latvia has concluded a Full Scope Safeguards Agreement with the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) and an additional protocol. Latvia continued to make progress in finding solutions for managing radioactive wastes and toxic wastes.
2) Promotion of new and renewable sources of energy including the implementation of the World Solar Program 1996-2005.
Renewable energy systems use resources that are constantly replaced and are less polluting. Examples on renewable energy recourses solar, wind, and geothermal energy (energy form the heat of the earth). We also get renewable energy from trees, rivers, and even garbage. Increasing the use of renewable energy is an essential element to achieve sustainable development at national and global level. Renewable energy can provide important new ways to reduce pollution, diversity and secure energy supply and help provide access to energy in support of poverty eradication. Furthermore, the burning of fossils fuels is the biggest source of greenhouse gas emissions and these emissions need to be reduced to mitigate the adverse effects of climate change in order to achieve the ultimate objective of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to prevent dangerous climate change.
In 1995 the largest Baltic wind energy station, was at least 20 years operating lifetime, was opened in Latvia. It was 70 per cent subsidized Preussen Elektra. It supplies over 1,500 households with electricity. Further development of renewable is expected. Latvia with many other countries (e.g. Cyprus, Turkey, Estonia, Romania) issued a joint declaration with title "The Way Forward On Renewable Energy". In the declaration they wrote "We expressed our strong commitment to the promotion of renewable energy and to the increase of the share of renewable energy sources in the global total primary energy supply. We fully endorse the outcome of the World solar Program 1996-2005 Sustainable Development, considering it a good basis for further international cooperation, and intend to go beyond the agreement reached in the area of renewable energy.
3) Promoting the sustainable development of the world's forests and preventing deforestation and habitat destruction.
Although covering only 30% of the earth's surface, forests are the most important earthly reservoir of biodiversity. Millions of rural people depend on forests for food, medicine, plants, and fuel wood. They can stabilize soils, regulate water runoff and quality and produce wood and non timber products. Despite their value to humanity, forests are under threat. Deforestation through logging, burning and clearing for to prepare for crops and land used for grazing is occurring rapidly in the tropics. Also the movement of population from rural to urban areas due to overall economic growth and the expansion of non-agriculture jobs has reduced the pressure on remaining forests. The best available analysis suggest many reasons for trying to limit the rate of deforestation, one of them being that deforestation accounts for 20% of the worlds wide anthropogenic contribution to greenhouse warming. Another reason is that deforestation involves heavy social and ecological costs, especially where the forests are cleared by burning, which releases CO2, CH4, and other greenhouse gases. Some ways people can reduce the amount of deforestation are to replant clear-cu areas, use alternative materials, restrict amount of land that can be deforested, and use recycled materials.
Forests are the main natural resources in Latvia. The forests cover 44.6% of all Latvia's territory. In this case always a high attention was paid to the forestry problems. Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania have completed a two-year project (Baltic Forest Mapping BMF) to find and map the biologically valuable forests in the region. The project formed around 10% of Latvia's forests to have significant biological value. However, these valuable areas are disappearing fast, as only a tiny proportion and strictly protected. If forest protection as well on their more sustainable use does not increase, many forest species intolerant of logging will disappear. It is hoped that Baltic governments will protect greater proportion of their biologically valuable forests and make use of the Baltic Forest Mapping (BMF) project's database when choosing priority sites. Forest companies can also make use of the BMF database to avoid logging at the most valuable ecological to use forests in sustainable way.
4) Food safety risks associated with the GMF and foods derived from biotechnology.
Genetic Modification is a technology which allows scientists to take genes from one organism and put them into another. This changes the characteristics of the organism, or the way it grows and develops. Transferring DNA and genes from one organism to another is a difficult. At present there is no way to control or direct what happens and so new genes end up being inserted at random into the genetic makeup of the organism. Inserted genes can sometimes fail to work, or behave in ways that aren't expected, or the functioning of native genes may be affected. Scientists have voiced concern that such disruptions could lead to unexpected toxins being produced, or changes in the levels of nutrients an naturally occurring toxins. There are examples of genetic modifications changing plants in entirely unexpected ways. For example, when researchers in Germany tried to boost the starch content of potatoes using genes from yeast and bacteria, they found that the starch content actually fell and other, unexpected, compounds were produced. Many GM crops contain genes which provide resistance to commonly used antibiotics such as ampicillin. There is concern that these could be passed from food to the bacteria in through the guts of humans and animals. If this happened, the particular antibiotic, if prescribed to treat an infection, would not work in that person.
In March 1999, ten years after the first Consumer Club was founded in Riga , the Capital of Latvia, consumer clubs and societies from all over Latvia united to form the Latvian Consumers Protection Association (PIAA) The founder members are Jelgava and two tenants associations from Ogre and Liepaja. The Association is an independent non-government organization, which works nationally to extend and protect consumer rights in Latvia as well as to co-ordinate the work of local and regional groups. On September 19, 2000 the Latvian Government has adopted the "Regulation for the Use and Distribution of Genetically Modified Food". The Regulation provides general requirements for the contained use, release into the environment, and placing on the market of GMFs, with a vito preventing harm to human health, animals, biological diversity proper or the environment. The Regulation contained labeling of genetically modified food.
Human Rights (Fatemah)
A) Creation of a charter of economic rights:
The economic rights have to be protected by a charter that holds their rights for them if they need them. Latvia agrees with this issue because a charter has to be created to protect the economic rights of a country when it is or has been felt wrong and misunderstood. This charter would bring order and it would hold rights for the countries that are felt wrong and need the right to correct what they feel is wrong in their economy. It also would help the low economic countries that have bad economies; it would give them new plans to raise their economy.
B) The threat of infringement of human rights posed by the implementation of anti-terrorism policies and practice:
Violations have occurred all around the world and there are lots of violations that have been in human rights. The useful anti terrorism policies are good and help us control the threat that may be for the anti terrorism groups all around the world. It has been to Latvia's attention that it is for the worlds good to have an infringement committee to cease the threat that is felt right now by the anti terrorism groups and countries all around the world.
C) Protection of the political rights of indigenous peoples, their outstanding land claims, and their right to self-determination:
Protected areas for people is the only way this issue is going to be solved, because the political rights fro these living people have to be shown to the whole world, they claim that some lands are theirs while others say the land is for their own. They should have the right of self determining to prove that what they say is correct. It should be a well known right for these people to have what they should from the land.
1) Role of science and technology in social development including questions relating to the world's youth, aging, disabled persons and the family.
As a new and developing country Latvia relies on efficient new technology so that it may be able to raise as a fully developed first world country. Even though Latvia is a developing new country it still houses many people of all ages, old and young, and many people that were disabled from wars and such, also because Latvia is a small country in area its families tend to be close and have strong bonds. Latvia seeks to science and technology to help keep these ties close, help aid the disabled people, and help the aging.
Latvia being young and highly dependent on science and technology to develop thinks that the US should play a leading role in advancing what science and technology has to offer to the world through funding and assistance with research. This would help people in tremendous ways especially the aging, and disabled.
2) The role of schools in promulgating and spreading violent ideologies.
Latvia has a moderately developed school system and relies on its youth for its future to develop and if they are tainted with schools violent ideologies Latvia's future shall be lost. Latvia would hate to see schools spreading these ideologies spreading in any country, we are a peace loving nation and would love to see the world become a peaceful place without any violence at all.
We think that all schools should abolish any violent ideologies that are being taught at them, we donít want children to not know about war and become ignorant self-centered people, but we donít want them to take war and fighting and violence as a way of life and seeing it as a solution to everything. The children are our future, if we loose them we loose everything.
3) The issue of economic and technical cooperation among developing countries.
As a developing country Latvia is believes that all countries that are developing and trying to become better because they are young should cooperate with each other in every way, not just in economic and technical terms. This would greatly help everyone who cooperates and helps out. If people do not cooperate they will start to become competitive with each other and this rivalry will turn into war. Cooperating with each other is the best way to go forward in the new millennium and become better and develop.
In addition to developing countries cooperating with each other and helping each other to progress, the UN should make highly developed countries to cooperate with developing countries and help them economically and in technical ways as well. Doing this will promote equality and development of the world as well as peace.
4) Preservation and establishment of defined rights for sufferers from diseases such as SARS and AIDS.
Latvia completely agrees that there should be clear and definite rights for people who suffer from deadly diseases such as AIDS and SARS. If a disease like SARS has a major breakout in Latvia it would mean death to many citizens and helpless people because Latvia is so small and cannot acquire help in time, and with diseases like AIDS and SARS, a cure is difficult to obtain.
The UN along with the WHO should make its first priority developing and finding a cure for AIDS and SARS, these diseases have destroyed many people and have to be stooped, they are just as bad as a country going to war against another country.
Country: Latvia Delegate: Abdullah Falah al-Mdaires Committee: Disarmament Issue: Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons.
Defining nuclear weapons as explosive devices designed to release used primarily in military applications,
Defining the NPT as the Nuclear non-proliferation treaty, which was submitted on march 5 1970, and signed by many countries,
Realizing that nuclear weapons constitute a great threat to global security; referring to what happened in Japan when the U.S.A dropped a nuclear weapon in it, between 70,000 to 80,000 people had died and 40,000 were injured,
Noting With Regret, as Encarta.com stated, that nuclear weapons have many effects like Penetrating Radiation, climate change, damaging buildings by blast effects thermal effects, and all of this was observed in 1960 after the Hiroshima bombing,
Noting that the International court of justice ICJ declared in the year 1996 that any use or the threat to use of nuclear weapons in armed conflicts would generally be contrary to the rules of international law on armed conflict , particularly international humanitarian law,
Alarmed that the NPT does not prevent countries from making nuclear weapons because the country may drop it any time without facing consequences,
Keeping in mind that the NPT was drafted in 1970, and that it must be updated in order to ensure its compatibility with the present situation,
Congratulating the IAEA for its attempts to try to disarm countries and send inspectors to them,
Further noting that according to article VIII, sub clause 1 "any party to the treaty may propose amendments to this treaty,"
Reaffirming that the use or threat of nuclear weapons on a country violates the countryís independence, integrity and sovereignty,
Strongly condemns countries that violate the NPT and aid in the proliferation of nuclear weapons,
1) Resolves that in accordance with article VIII of the NPT the following amendments of the NPT are to be submitted to the depository governments;
2) Calls upon the depository governments to convene a conference to discus the amendments ;
3) Declares: the amendment of article X sub clause 1 by adding "any country wishing to withdraw from the treaty must receive approval from the SC in a closed session and if the country withdraws from the treaty in spite of the SC's objections, the SC has the right to impose sanctions on it;"
4) Further declares the amendment for sub-clause 2 article X adding "that there will be a NPT session every 10 years and this session will include the following topics: A. the current situation of the events that are taking place, B. what actions can be made for the events, C. resolutions and amendments on the treaty;
5) Further recommends amendment of article III sub clause 4 adding "that the meeting of the countries with the IAEA must be every 5 years but it could be earlier if there was a serious situation and the IAEA will determine if the situation needs an early session and this sessions goals will be: A. helping the country makes non-nuclear weapon arrangements with other groups, parties and countries, B. help in solving problems of the country with nuclear weapons or conditions of the NPT;"
6) Adding to the treaty article XII which will state "that any state that uses and trades Nuclear garbage or trash, will be subjected to the International court of justice the ICJ;"
Laila Barghouti Country : Latvia The Issue of Promoting the Sustainable Development of the World's Forests and Preventing Deforestation and Habitat Destruction
Defining deforestation as the cutting down, burning and damaging of forests,
Adding that the forests cover only 30 % of the world's earth surface, however forests are the most important earthly reservoir of bio-diversity,
Noting that forests are under big threat and that half of the worlds original forests has been lost,
Fully concerned about millions of people in Latvia and all around the world that depend on forests for food, medicine, plants and fuel wood,
Keeping in mind that if the rate of deforestation continues, the world's forests will vanish within hundred years- causing unknown effects on global climate and eliminating the majority of plant and animal species on the planet according to Green Peace,
Encouraging all countries to form an organization that develop rules which have to be followed and take actions against people that try to destroy forests for own benefits,
Thanking all people who try to reduce the amount of deforestation by replanting clear-cut areas using alternative materials, restricting amount of land that can be deforested and using recycled materials,
1. Urges schools all over the world to teach children and adults about causes and effects of deforestation; this can happen if: A. Courses were held at schools and collages by Ministry of Education, B. These courses teach students how to decrease the amount of deforestation and introduce them to the use of forests in the future,
2. Calls for creation of The United Nation Environment Program (UNEP). A. This program is to be held in Latin America every 2 months to discuss and fin resolutions for the issue of deforestation in relation to making medicines, B. 2 people are to represent each country and the program will force, C. Ministry of health in every country to form a committee of specialists in medicine to discuss this issue, D. United Nation is to hold an international medicine conference in any of the involved countries, E. All committees from all over the world are to attend this conference and try to find such away to make medicine using chemicals, F. Every country is urged to follow the out put that conference and apply it practically. This way trees will not be cut for medicine purposes as much as before.
3. Solemnly affirms that each country should make part of its area for planting trees just for cutting them to take wood and other materials people need without destroying the nature. A. This could be done if Ministry of agriculture organizes with ministry of planning to provide areas for that purpose. B. These areas should be government properties with employees in charge of them,
4. Further requests governments to give workers that work in industries and companies that cause deforestation, new jobs that don't cause deforestation. Such as: A. Becoming the keepers of areas mentioned above. B. Working on planting the trees, as farmers.
Latvia (human rights) Forum: General Assembly Issue: The threat of infringement of human rights posed by the implementation of anti-terrorism policies and practices.
Defining: The threat of infringement of human rights posed by the implementation on anti terrorism policies and practice means that the human rights and privacies of people is being violated while achieving anti-terrorism policies and practices,
Fully Alarmed that the income of many countries has decreased because of the loss in amount of tourists due to the anti-terrorism policies that are being achieved while violating peoples human rights, people who are wishing to tour around countries changed their mind because of the huge amounts of questions that are being asked and actions that have been made from the police or investigators of the country,
Viewing with Appreciation that some countries have received complaints from their citizens because of the violations and have therefore talked to some embassies and countries and have tried to compromise and come up with different solutions,
1) Resolves that all countries willing to provide their citizens with the privacy they deserve to join this UN Sub-organization that will be called UNPIHR, which stands for the United Nations Protection of Human Rights;
2) Further resolves that this organization will focus on protecting the human rights and privacies of people by overseeing the people departing and entering each country in an orderly and respectful manor towards the citizens by letting people get appointment to be asked about when they arrive to the country they want to go to,
3) Urges that all countries willing to join the Sub-organization to attend a meeting where any country can attend and discuss the sub-organizations goals: A. Create an office(s) these offices will be put in the embassies while getting visas to make it easier for travelers than going from one place to another, these offices will be in every country member of the new Sub-organization that will: 1: Ask any citizens (18 and above) that plan on going for a long period of time to a country or anything that seems out of the ordinary toward visiting a certain country for any strange reason to be asked to attend an appointment with the office before traveling in a short period of time, a: This meeting will be confidential and shouldn't interfere with the travelers private business, however it will include some questioning i. The questioning however, must be done in an orderly manor, and the traveler shouldn't be questioned while feeling like a criminal, the questions should be clear and not puzzling for travelers) b: After the meeting has been to their appointment and all the important data has been collected and this document the allows the traveler to travel to the country he is going to without any security hold-ups, and if there is anything suspicious about the traveler when reaching his/her destination, then the traveler will be asked to report to an office which will investigate with him/her again till they feel safe for him to go in the country, B. Provide each country with e team of well-trained experts that will oversee all anti-terrorism policies and will make sure that they are all done respectfully towards travelers for example: 1. They would attend the meetings while they're proceeding 2. They would help the travelers in feeling comfortable 3. Will reject to any questions that the organization sees unrelated and non necessarily to be asked, C. Bringing to attention that every country that does these investigations and don't want this person to enter its boundaries should tell them and not inconvenience them when they arrive there while expecting a good time not a day that is full of questioning and investigations, and these countries could do that by: 1. Not giving this citizen a visa that allows them to get in their countries, 2. Telling them that they are not welcome in that country or they will get some inconvenient actions towards them, 3. Giving the citizens country a list of names they don't want to get in there to avoid any inconvenience and embarrassments that could happen.
Submitted by Latvia Delegate: Saud Al Subaie Committee: Social Issue: The issue of economic and technical cooperation among developing countries.
Defining cooperation as "the united motive and benefit for all,"
Defining developing country as a non-industrialized poor country that is seeking to develop its resources by industrialization, these countries have a range between %4-%5 average GDP growth according to the World Bank,
Acknowledging that Latvia is a recently formed country and is a developing country after its break apart from Russia,
Deeply Concerned about the Fiscal and Monetary decisions of organizations, such as the EU and NAFTA, with a mix of developing and developed nations that affect the developing nations negatively,
Further noting that even though Latvia is part of the EU, a highly developed group of countries, it remains one of the few that struggles behind,
Taking note that the efforts of ECOSOC, Mercosur, ASEAN, NAFTA, WTO, IMF, World Bank, and similar other organizations are greatly appreciated, THOUGH they have been proven to be insufficient to help developing countries in their struggle,
Pointing out that no DEVELOPING countries have tried to produce relationships outside of the above stated and similar organizations that aim to flourish technical development among each other,
Further Acknowledging that these relations (which ones?), if made, will cause good alliances and relieve tension between countries,
Noting the great effect loans can have on a countries economy, because it increases countries trade, exports, investment, and government spending,
1. Urges countries that are developing and in need of loans to take loans that they can pay off and rely on safer loans as opposed to riskier ones that have higher interest rates as they are harder to pay off;
2. Encourages organizations that a developing country is associated with, especially ones with a unified currency, to pay attention to their economic decisions so that they may be able to lean their economic decisions towards helping the developing nations that are apart of the organization, this can be done though: A. Employing a number of specialized and trained economists and investment specialists, decided by the organization, in each of the countries that belongs to the certain organization (by the request of the organization itself), these economists will have the following responsibilities: i. To report the economic state of the country to a central office in a country that will be decided by the organizationís leaders, ii. To present a plan that shows the best economic decision for the country to the central office, iii. To inform the central office of economic decisions that should not be taken that would potentially harm the countryís economy. iv) To send reports in to the central office every 4 months or as needed, B. Informing the central office, which will then decide what is the best economic action to take;
3) Requests the formation of the United Nations Organization for Economic and Technical Development (UNOETD) which will have a headquarters assigned when this resolution is passed, and will be structured with voted 25 staff members not including economists, investment specialists, and admission staff, in addition a branch will be founded in each country that wishes to work with the UNOETD;
4) Assures that the UNOETD will perform under the following rules: a) Getting a government official of any country that is going to be affected by the action that shall be taken, to sign an agreement that will allow the UNOETD to proceed with the action, b) Not proceeding with any action that violates the countryís national sovereignty;
5) Clarifies that any country wishing to join UNOETD will have to pay money to join, this amount of money will be based on a percentage of their GDP and that percentage will be decided by the economists and specialists, A. The money acquired from this will be put into a fund that will be used for loans to the businesses within the countries with no interest or very small interest rates as will be decided by the economists, B. The UNOETD will also take loans from the World Bank of IMF to help keep this fund strong AND the money loaned will be used in the same way as said in sub-clause a of this clause, C. If able to, the UNOETD will give aid to national governments that are in need;
6) Notes that the UNOETD will not offer aid to countries that are passing through recessions;
7) Verifies that for any country with an economic and technical need to develop, the UNOETD will have to carry out the following steps: A. Whenever a developing country is having problems with its economy it informs the UNOETD that it wishes to join them, the chair members will decide if the problem is serious enough to take action, B. If the chair members are not sure they will send the economists to report the economic state of the country that has issued a complaint and will inform the UNOETD how serious the condition is, C. Check if the country is financially capable of paying for the costs for joining the organization, D. If the country isnít financially capable of paying for the treatment, the UNOETD will give the country a no interest loan if needed and this loan will be on high priority for repayment;
8) Proclaims that any businesses within the countries associated with UNOETD wishes to receive a loan they must follow the following to receive a loan: A. Whenever a business is having problems with its economy it informs the UNOETD that it wishes to receive a loan from them, the chair members will decide if the problem is serious enough to take action, B. If the chair members are not sure they will send the economists to report the economic state of the business that has issued the request and will inform the UNOETD how serious the condition is, C. If the business is eligible to receive a loan the business will: 1. First request an amount to be given to it, 2. The economists shall then evaluate the request and see how much they can loan to the business as to not mistreat the funds and have enough money left for the other businesses and other countries, the amount loaned will be based on the amount requested and needed by the company, and available funds to loan out, D. Once the term for the loan has ended, based on the history of the company and whether it pays back its loans in a timely fashion either, more or fewer loans will be given to it;
9) Assures all countries that are members of the UNOETD to have free trade between themselves, without any tariffs, taxes, or barriers between them.
Good day Ladies and gentlemen. Latvia would like to make the most out of a productive meeting today. Latvia is a total supporter of peace and equality, and wants to see the world with as few resolvable problems as possible. Latvia is a young country that has had its independence since 1991 from the USSR. Although independent and free, Latvia lacks many rights which have been taken away by Russia. Russia has cut off oil export through Latvia because of minor disagreements of ethnic disputes of our large neighbor to the east!
Ever since Latvia has been formed, it has wished for equality and peace, but apparently Russia disagrees and does NOT want that. Ladies and gentlemen present today, I ask you to consider this, and consider the mistreated people of Latvia.
In this event KITMUN was my first experience I ever had for day one. I became main co-submmitter for a resolution which was done by Dominican Republic. I was in the disarmament committee I was recognized as one of the best delegates in that committee along with Angola and Pakistan. In the third we went to general assembly and we as Latvia only were Laila which made face them. We faced other countries and resolutions my resolution was not debated neither in Disarmament committee nor the GA we BBS students felt that we were kept out, but the best thing was that Indonesia got their resolution debated.
The first day we were lobbing and merging, I was with a group that had students from AIS and BBS. We did a good resolution that had clauses from each resolution and it was going debated the next day, however, it didnít get debated. Then the last hour country said its opening speech. The next day we debated some resolution, I spoke twice against 2 different resolutions. The third day we continued debating, however, we debated with all the commissions. Then we listened to the Canadian ambassador to Kuwait.
Fatima, Human Rights:
What Latvia did in the KFSAC event is that it merged with Indonesia in its resolution about the anti-terrorism policies and practices and it became a main co- submitter. Then Latvia looked and found signers to sign this well put resolution . then it was debated by the Human rights Commission. It passed by a lot of votes for it. So it passed to the general assembly forum and it also passed so it became the first BBS resolution to pass the general Assembly forum. This was a good thing and it made BBS students proud of Indonesia for its hard work. Latvia also met a lot of old and forgotten friends from other schools. I had a great time
Saud, Social and Ambassador:
At the day of the event I showed up with my resolution prepared to fight for it, IT had only taken me till 5 PM (fotoor time) to get all the required signatures. After that Noufah decided to drop and become co-submitter on my resolution gaining me about 10 more signatures. After fotoor and approval panel being setup, I got my resolution to there and it was fixed with the needed changes and passed. That was the end of the first day, I had came home pretty sick and could not attend the next 2 following event days because I was in the hospital.