Commission: Disarmament: DEBATED AND PASSED
Student: Dheidan Al-ShammariDelegation: Angola COMMISION: Disarmament QUESTION OF: Reducing the availability of firearms to civilians and stopping the illegal trafficking of such.
Defining Trafficking of illegal firearms as the trading of illegal firearms,
Noting with deep concern that illegal firearms are widely accessible in Africa due to civil wars in the region,
Fully Alarmed according to the UN ,documents of Department for Disarmament Affairs, that small arms are responsible for over half a million deaths per year, including 300,000 in armed conflict and 200,000 more from homicides and suicides;
Alarmed By according to the UN, documents of Department for Disarmament Affairs, that over 600 million small arms and light weapons (SALW) is circulating the world;
Aware that civilians are obtaining firearms by these methods: loss of legal firearms by police; hiring out of firearms by those in legal possession because of poor pay, black market sale of firearms,
Noting with deep regret that many refugees are able to smuggle firearms past the border without being detected,
Bearing in mind that we must strengthen border control in order to prevent the flow of illegal firearms into the country,
Noting with great appreciation the efforts of the IRG/APFO and the East African Co-operation and NISAT,
Convinced that the only way to impede illegal trafficking of firearms and reducing firearms availability of firearms can only be achieved through cooperation of delegations and approval of this resolution;
1) Encourages governments to put in place incentive schemes to collect and destroy weapons by: A. offering rewards for civilians that turn in firearms; B. mplementing strict penalties for possession of and trading illegal firearms;
2) Requests that all countries that manufacture and poses firearms, by buying them from other countries to: A. Not to sell firearms to terrorist organizations; B. Not to sell firearms to organizations causing civil wars in any delegation ( i.e. UNITA was before an organizations that was causing a civil war in Angola and it received all its firearms from countries or companies which aided civil wars);
3) Further requests that the United Nations will address consequences to: A. Countries that are involved in exporting firearms, after buying them from other delegations, to terrorist organizations or organizations causing civil wars in countries; B. Companies in countries that export firearms to terrorist organizations or organizations that are causing civil wars; C. Delegations that support illegal trafficking and are a huge hand in illegal trafficking;
4) Resolves the formation of a committee called UNFTW (united nations firearms trafficking watch) which would consist of satellites for monitoring areas between borders to A. Seek out any illicit firearm trafficking and if discovered alert the country in which they are being moved to; B. Add a task force which will be made up of highly qualified personals elected by the UN to: C. aid countries suffering from illegal firearm trafficking, if the delegation request the aid by 1. locating checkpoints in specific areas of the border to detect unauthorized activities;
5) Further Resolves that all illegal traffickers apprehended in between borders by the UNFTW will be diverted to the ICJ, International Court of Justice, for prosecution, but if they are caught on a countries border they will be turned over the country owning the border;
6) Strongly Condemns all the countries that aid and support the illegal trafficking of firearms.
Environmental: NOT DEBATED Forum: Environment Submitted by: Angola Student: Mays Al-Sa'ad
Question of: Promoting the sustainable development of the world's forests and preventing deforestation and habitat destruction.
Defininga forest as "a dense growth of trees, plants, and underbrush covering a large area, and deforestation as the removal of trees by the cutting down, burning, or damaging of forests,"
Aware that deforestation leads to desertification, increase of CO2 in the air, decrease of O2, and erosion,
Taking note that, according towww.geocities/luclite/Deforestation.html all people over the world need wood for paper, houses, buildings, and for commercial and industrial uses,
Bearing in mind, according in to an article in the World Rainforest Movement, almost all forests in Africa are threatened by deforestation,
Keeping in mind that there are at least 1.5 million forest-dwellers, just in Angola, that depend on materials from forests for survival as published in an article by the World Rainforest Movement,
Fully alarmed that, according to www.encarta.com, if the current rate of deforestation continues, the world's rain forests will vanish within 100 years-causing unknown effects on global climate and eliminating the majority of plant and animal species on earth,
Congratulates the adopt-a-forest programs in Brazil, Europe, North America….etc. for conserving forests and relatively decreasing deforestation,
Emphasizing that only 5% of the forests in the world are "adopted" and turned to national parks according to Encarta encyclopedia,
Pointing out the resolution achieved by the United Nations Conference of Environment and Development (chapter 26 of agenda 21), done in the General Assembly, that states the responsibility of each state and its citizens in conserving its forests; which obviously is useless,
1) Affirms the creation of the United Nations Organization for Decreasing Deforestation (UNODD) which will: A. preferably consist of all the general assembly countries, B. the location of the headquarters will be chosen later by the members of the UNODD; C. publish a list of all member countries, D. hire a member of workers and professional scientists to work on applying this resolution, E. determine the salaries of those staff (salaries shouldn’t exceed 15% of the earned money from the forests), F. help countries suffering deforestation economically form their forests by applying this resolution,
2) Recommends that the tasks of the UNODD, for a start, will be to: A. benefit countries, suffering deforestation, economically form their forests by applying the coming clauses, B. assign jobs to different people to apply the following clauses, C. determine the salaries of those people;
3) Resolves that the UNODD plans on changing forests to either of the following based on the countries' choice (more details are to be given in the following clauses): A. making natural shelters for sightseeing, B. turning a forest into a national park, C. making it a camping region, D. it is also advised that the forest gets protected (for ex., by an enclosure) so that not any person could enter the forests, E. if a country doesn't want to do any of these, it should give a logical reason, and the members of the UNODD members will vote whether applying the suggestion or not;
4) Requests that certain people get certain assignments, assigned by the UNODD, to make those forests a better place for tourism: A. professional planters will deal with trees and improve their health and appearance, B. highly-educated engineers will work on applying clause 3, C. workers will be responsible for forming trails and remove anything that would impede tourists, D. tour guides with a great informational background will guide tourists through the forests, E. workers will collect entrance fees (the UNODD will decide how much), those workers will use what the know about deforestation to persuade people into donating money to save 'mother nature',
5) Further requesting that professional scientists also assigned by the UNODD, do the following: A. search for new materials that can replace the ones we get from forests, B. indicate the poisonous plants which will be cut (if the country wants to), by the workers, to make forests a safe place for tourists, those plants will be used later on in more useful things, C. those scientists will determine the percentage of forests in each country that this plan could apply to, the country will get resources from the remaining forests ONLY;
6) Taking note that the UNODD will take advantage of publicity to advertise the opening of those forests for tourism at: A. the UN's official website B. TV stations (except at AL-Jazeera, Al-Arabia, and similar broadcasting companies); C. brochures, made of recycled paper, which contain attractive photographs of the forests;
7) Assures members of the UNODD that they will all be benefited from their membership by: A. workers will be chosen from countries that have illegal migrants and doesn't know 'what to do with them', B. 10% of the members will have the chance to invest their money in this project and will get 10% of the earned money, those members will be chosen after voting procedures and will be changed every year, C. the UNODD will take into consideration other suggestions, voting procedures will determine whether those suggestions are applied or not;
8) Designates that the money made from the forests will go to the country owning the forests, so that it improves its economy and lessens dependence on forest resources for food, heat, houses,.. etc;
9) Proclaims that the application of this resolution on a country has the following restrictions which are: A. the country should really be suffering deforestation and needs economical help, this would be determined the UN's reports, B. countries should only use the percentage of forests (refer to clause 5 –sub clause d) for resources, employers if the UNCDD will check once every 6 months on the forests, if reports showed that a country has exceeded the determined percentage it will owe countries of the UNCDD all the money it earned from tourism, however, nothing else will be canceled in the plan;
10) Further resolves that the percentage of forests that the country has been taking advantage of for resources will be replanted by (scientists will study how often each forest needs to be replanted): A. money will be spent on seeds, machines, and water pipes for replantation, B. forest-dwellers will be given a job to replant the forests (this way they'd have a job, get paid, and eventually move out of the forests), C. substituting other methods of forest harvesting outlined above in place of clear-cutting;
Commission: Human Rights: NOT DEBATED Issue: Creation of a charter of economic rights. Forum: Human rights Delegation: Republic of Angola Student: Nasser Al-Aujan
Defining charter as "a document issued by a sovereign, legislature, or other authority, creating a public or private corporation, such as a city, college, or bank, and defining its privileges and purposes,"
Defining economic as "of or relating to the production, development, and management of material wealth, as of a country, household, or business enterprise," and rights as "conforming with or conformable to justice, law, or morality,"
Noting that according to the Economic Commission of Africa 10% of African Countries had negative GDP growth, and according to the Third World Network that all former Soviet Nations have negative GDP growth,
Aware that according to the Third World Network that GDP growth has a higher impact on poverty reduction,
Bearing in mind that all major economists believe, an increase in trade between any two countries would increase real GDP,
Regretting that tariffs significantly decrease trade between any two countries, thus decreasing the real GDP of these countries,
Recognizing that according to BBC Economic correspondent Andrew Walker, "The problem with using WTO procedures is that they are slow,"
1. Resolves the formation of a United Nations committee called the Committee for the Creation of an Economic Charter (CCEC), which the main goal would be to create an economic charter;
2. Further Resolves that the CCEC would be A. A temporary committee for 18 months after the date of the passing of this resolution, B. The members would consist of economist form members countries of the United Nations and one representative of the IMF and the World Bank;
3. Emphasizes that this economic charter is: A. Open to all UN member, B. Voluntary, C. Any UN members that chooses not to participate can do so;
4. Affirms that the main goals of the economic charter would be to: A. Decrease interest rates of loans, B. Increase international trade, C. Ease the transfer of goods and services;
5. Declares that the economic charter will state that any country that has a negative GDP growth, not due to a war, should: A. Receive low interest rates of 1% on any loan from the IMF and the World Bank B. Let the loans be repaid during 5 years, c. Send IMF agents to inspect that the loan is used for the growth of the GDP;
6. Notes that the economic charter will include a clause stating that tariffs should be lifted from any primary product manufactured by a country and on factors of production and primary products, which will increase trade;
7. Decides that the economic charter will ease the transfer of goods and services through: A. Easing customs procedures, B. Issuing low interests of insurance on transfer ships and airplanes through the IMF;
8. Resolves the formation of the International Court of Economic Justice (ICEJ), which will become a part of the ICJ, and: A. The headquarters of the ICEJ will be in The Hague, B. The main goal of the ICEJ is to ensure economic justice all over the world, C. The ICEJ will consist of 3 judges from different UN member countries that will be elected every three years, D. A special session will be held to instantly resolve any economic dispute that is not resolved within one year;
9. Encourages all UN member countries that signed this charter to abide by the economic charter and follow its rules and regulations that they signed on and never violate it, violating countries will be: A. Prosecuted by the ICEJ, through: I. Investigating the violation, II. Calculating the costs, B. Fined based on the judgment of the prosecutor;
10. Further Decides that any signer of this charter, after five violations, will be put on trial to discuss whether to block this violation country from this charter and do not enjoying any of its luxuries and benefits with the approval.
Commission: Social: DEBATED BUT FAILED Issue: The issue of the role of schools in promulgating and spreading violent ideologies. Student: Abdullah Al-Ibrahim
Defining violence as being brutal or aggressive by cruel and harmful behaviors or actions,
Keeping in Mind that world terrorism, such as the September 11th attacks, wars and crimes, such as murder and robberies, are all as a result of violence in people, which was planted from violent ideologies,
Noting with deep concern that miseducation by people such as Charles Taylor who came with the idea of child solder is a major source of violent ideologies and there are 300,000 child soldiers in the world and 120,000 are African children who have been forced,
Have studied that between 1976 and 1994 an estimated 37,000 children were murdered, as the US department of Justice said in March 1996,
Recalling that 6 million boys and 4 million girls are involved in fights every year on school grounds, as Kathy Noll, the author of a bullying book, said
Noting with deep concern that, as Craig Kielburger, the Founder and Chair of " free the children organization" said, over 2 million children have lost their lives and another 4 to 5 million have been disabled as a result of military conflicts,
Fully alarmed that the social life in the world have been suffering from the violence in the population, that cause fights, robberies and murder,
Deeply regretting that, according to CNN world news website, 29% of the movies released are violent movies that gives violent ideologies to the watchers,
Pointing out that all the numbers that have died or injured, or have been under bullying or violence, or watch violent movies get violent ideologies and turn to become violent,
Expecting schools to help decrease violent ideologies in children and help stop it, since it is the best stage to stop violent ideologies, so children grow up to be not violent but friendly,
Expressing its appreciation to the organization that are helping to decreasing the violent ideologies, such as the UNICEF, UNESCO and UNDHR,
Fully believing that stopping or decreasing violent ideologies to humans may result in world peace,
1) Resolves the creation of a sub-organization of the UNISCO called the UNODVI (United Nation Organization of Decreasing Violent Ideologies) which is specified for decreasing violent ideologies and it is an independent and is responsible for all assigned to it further on in this resolution;
2) Further resolves the UNESCO to choose from the education experts and physiologist that will be assigned to lead the UNODVI which goals to:- A. Decrease the violent ideologies spread, B. Provide awareness programs about violence, C. disarm as many child solders as possible,
3) Requests that the UNODVI has the headquarters in New York, and has a couple of branches in every content,
4) Urges the UNODVI to create a committee, that consists of no more than 20 violence exerts I each branch, that will study physiology of citizens of the country that is most severely affected by violence as a result of violent ideologies, to the country second affected and on, this decision based on: A. Recent wars, B. Terrorists attacks, C. Large numbers of child solders, D. Dangerous crimes and gangs, E. Fights within young children,
5) Calls upon the UNODVI to take permission from the UN and the government of the country that is mostly affected by violence to be present and to fix the problem,
6) Recommends that the UNODVI will solve the problems with the following:- A. Create an advertising campaign that will give awareness to violence, B. Create violence awareness programs in media using the TV and radio, C. Give lectures, by violence experts, to discuss violence and it's negative sides, D. Decrease the creation of violent movies or give warnings before the movie begins showing that the movie is fiction, and will face consequences when done in real life E. Create schools and give free education,
7) Further requests the UNODVI to provide following in the school: A. Provide education to students, since it is the best time to clear from violent ideologies, B. Rewards are given to brilliant students, C. Give free lectures by experts to students and teachers about violence, D. Teachers that encourage students to be friendly to others, E. Teachers that will always show the negatives of violence, such as injuries or death, F. Teachers that help students solve problems without violence, such as councilors
8) Expresses its hope the UNODVI will have advertising campaigns in the media, it will be to aware citizens from violence and sources of violent ideologies to avoid them, and also, they can decrease the violent movies that are produced, or show a warning at the beginning so watchers are able to know that the movie is not real, after the UNODVI finishes from a country, it works on the other
9) Invites the UNODVI to create teacher workshops in which teachers are taught how to teach and help students without violence and how to make the students friendly.
10) Recommends the UNODVI to create a summer program that will: A. Allow the students to work for school or community service, B. Teach the students how to work and depend on themselves, C. Pay these students wages according to the working hours,
11) Further invites the UNODVI to negotiate with military sides that have child solders to try to free them, even if a side asks for a certain amount of money which is less than $100 per child, then takes the children and provide them education,
12) Further recommends that the UNODVI have the right to take 5% of wages of any student who graduated from these schools unless his/her wage was less than 100 dollars per month,
13) Encourages all countries to cooperate and help solve this problem.
Commission: Security Council Clauses: DEBATED BUT FAILED Issue: The Question of the use of Peacekeeping Forces in Africa, in particular, DR Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Liberia, Somalia, Central African Republic, and Western Sahara: Country: Angola Student: Hamad Al-Essa
1. Demands that all states concerned take immediate steps to end the illegal exploitation of natural resources and other forms of wealth in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, or face severe economic and financial consequences arranged by the council in a future meeting;
2. Decides to outlaw all legitimate trafficking and trade of diamonds that bear the chemical signature of Congolese conflict diamonds, and requests that all parties dealing in such diamonds end there such transactions immediately or face consequences arranged by the council in a future meeting;
3. Resolves that the arms embargo imposed by paragraph 20 of resolution 1493 (2003) shall be extended another six months;
4. Requeststhe United Nations to not intervene politically in Liberia and allow the diplomatic process of the transitional government to carry on without foreign pressures;
5. Declares the establishment of a United Nations stabilization force to support the transitional government of Liberia, which will:
A. Be composed of roughly 2.7 thousand military personnel, of which
I. 70% are American
II. 25% are European
III. 05% are Arabic
B. Consist of, also, roughly 7.5 hundred medical personnel, and leaves the structure and mandate of this medical force to the secretary general,
C. Be deployed in the region within a time frame of 3 months, and will stay until recalled by the council at any time.
6. Reminds all nations, including the USA, of the roots of this conflict and of their obligation to solve it.
7. Resolves that a grand total of $ 10.2 billion is to be sent to the conflict area in Western Africa as financial relief aid and humanitarian assistance, and will:
A. Be payable directly to the legitimate governments of the region
B. Be paid through:
I. The IMF/Worldbank (71.00%)
II. The FOSAA (Financial Office of the Special Adviser on Africa) (29.00%)
C. Be immune to all sanctions and other barriers,
Defining toxic waste as any waste that is hazardous to human health, Keeping in mind according to the Institute of Chemical Waste Management, about 15% of our garbage is classified as toxic, and only 85% (approximately) of that is disposed of properly, Considering the serious problems arising from the dumping of dangerous toxic wastes in certain areas, Deeply concerned about the fact of dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes endangers human life, marine life, and the ecosystem in general, Bearing in mind the Code of Practice on the International Transboundary Movement of Radio Active Waste, which was established by the International Atomic Energy Agency and the importance of updating the contents of this Code to bring them in line with the related developments since the adoption of this Code, Highlights the following clauses of the Code of Practice on the International Transboundary Movement of Radio Active Waste:
A. Taking note that nuclear power generation and the radioisotopes involve the generation of radioactive waste,
B. Aware of the potential hazards for human health and the environment that could result from the improper management or disposal of radioactive waste,
C. Aware of public concern about any unauthorized international transboundary movement of radioactive waste, particularly to the territory of developing countries, and the danger of improper management and disposal of such waste,
D. Aware of the need to continue to promote high standards of radiation protection worldwide and to strengthen international co-operation, both multilateral and bilateral, in the field of nuclear safety and radioactive waste management,
E. Emphasizing that such co-operation should take into account the needs of developing countries and may include the exchange of information, the transfer of technology and the provision of assistance,
F. Taking into account the IAEA's safety principles, which require, inter alia, that "policies and criteria for radiation protection of populations outside national borders from releases of radioactive substances should not be less stringent than those for the population within the country of release",
G. Taking into account the IAEA safety standards and guidelines relevant to the international transboundary movement of radioactive waste, including standards and guidelines for radiological protection, the safe transport of radioactive material, the safe management and disposal of radioactive waste, the safety of nuclear facilities, and the physical protection of nuclear materials,
H. Recalling the Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident and the Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency,
I. Mindful of the relevant principles and norms of international law,
J. Taking into account the provisions of the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal and other relevant international instruments, and
K. Recognizing the global role of the IAEA in the area of nuclear safety, radiation protection and radioactive waste management and disposal; Decides that the following Code of Practice should serve as guidelines to States for, inter alia, the development and harmonization of policies and laws on the International Transboundary movement of radioactive waste. 1. Condemns all governmental and non-governmental entities which engage in this shameful practice of dumping toxic waste in the territories and waters of peace-loving people thus seriously endangering life and environment on the planet, 2. Urges all countries to respect the Code of Practice in the International Transboundary Movement of Radio Active Waste, 3. Supports all the Member States to continue their intensive campaign to enlighten their respective populations about the devastating effects of toxic waste on human life and the ecosystem, 4. Requests that all members which produce dangerous toxic wastes to get rid of their wastes in their own countries, 5. Further requests members to ban any illegal transportation of toxic wastes, 6. Resolves that a sub-organization from the IAEA is established and called the International Toxic Waste Control Organization:
A. It shall be responsible for checking each country for illegal dumping,
I. Undercover staff are to be placed in all suspicious areas,
II. Reports of what is done with the wastes are to be sent to the organization,
B. It will be responsible for penalizing each country that dumps wastes:
I. The country will be responsible for cleaning what it has dumped,
II. The will have to pay a fine that shall be specified according to studies,
C. Make campaigns and ads that show the effects of dumping wastes,
D. It shall be funded by donations and by the IAEA.
6. Reminds all nations, including the USA, of the roots of this conflict and of their obligation to solve it.
7. Resolves that a grand total of $ 10.2 billion is to be sent to the conflict area in Western Africa as financial relief aid and humanitarian assistance, and will:
A. Be payable directly to the legitimate governments of the region
B. Be paid through:
I. The IMF/Worldbank (71.00%)
II. The FOSAA (Financial Office of the Special Adviser on Africa) (29.00%)
C. Be immune to all sanctions and other barriers,
Defining toxic waste as any waste that is hazardous to human health,
Keeping in mind according to the Institute of Chemical Waste Management, about 15% of our garbage is classified as toxic, and only 85% (approximately) of that is disposed of properly,
Considering the serious problems arising from the dumping of dangerous toxic wastes in certain areas,
Deeply concerned about the fact of dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes endangers human life, marine life, and the ecosystem in general,
Bearing in mind the Code of Practice on the International Transboundary Movement of Radio Active Waste, which was established by the International Atomic Energy Agency and the importance of updating the contents of this Code to bring them in line with the related developments since the adoption of this Code,
Highlights the following clauses of the Code of Practice on the International Transboundary Movement of Radio Active Waste: A. Taking note that nuclear power generation and the radioisotopes involve the generation of radioactive waste, B. Aware of the potential hazards for human health and the environment that could result from the improper management or disposal of radioactive waste, C. Aware of public concern about any unauthorized international transboundary movement of radioactive waste, particularly to the territory of developing countries, and the danger of improper management and disposal of such waste, D. Aware of the need to continue to promote high standards of radiation protection worldwide and to strengthen international co-operation, both multilateral and bilateral, in the field of nuclear safety and radioactive waste management, E. Emphasizing that such co-operation should take into account the needs of developing countries and may include the exchange of information, the transfer of technology and the provision of assistance, F. Taking into account the IAEA's safety principles, which require, inter alia, that "policies and criteria for radiation protection of populations outside national borders from releases of radioactive substances should not be less stringent than those for the population within the country of release", G. Taking into account the IAEA safety standards and guidelines relevant to the international transboundary movement of radioactive waste, including standards and guidelines for radiological protection, the safe transport of radioactive material, the safe management and disposal of radioactive waste, the safety of nuclear facilities, and the physical protection of nuclear materials, H. Recalling the Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident and the Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency, I. Mindful of the relevant principles and norms of international law, J. Taking into account the provisions of the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal and other relevant international instruments, and K. Recognizing the global role of the IAEA in the area of nuclear safety, radiation protection and radioactive waste management and disposal;
Decides that the following Code of Practice should serve as guidelines to States for, inter alia, the development and harmonization of policies and laws on the International Transboundary movement of radioactive waste.
1. Condemns all governmental and non-governmental entities which engage in this shameful practice of dumping toxic waste in the territories and waters of peace-loving people thus seriously endangering life and environment on the planet,
2. Urges all countries to respect the Code of Practice in the International Transboundary Movement of Radio Active Waste,
3. Supports all the Member States to continue their intensive campaign to enlighten their respective populations about the devastating effects of toxic waste on human life and the ecosystem,
4. Requests that all members which produce dangerous toxic wastes to get rid of their wastes in their own countries,
5. Further requests members to ban any illegal transportation of toxic wastes,
6. Resolves that a sub-organization from the IAEA is established and called the International Toxic Waste Control Organization: A. It shall be responsible for checking each country for illegal dumping, I. Undercover staff are to be placed in all suspicious areas, II. Reports of what is done with the wastes are to be sent to the organization, B. It will be responsible for penalizing each country that dumps wastes: I. The country will be responsible for cleaning what it has dumped, II. The will have to pay a fine that shall be specified according to studies, C. Make campaigns and ads that show the effects of dumping wastes, D. It shall be funded by donations and by the IAEA.
Defining anti-terrorism policies and practices as "actions and policies taken to decrease the amount of terrorism actions or trying to eliminate them completely,"
Defining terrorism as "the use of violence and intimidation for personal beliefs or political purposes,"
Defining War on terrorism as military and social "action taken to try and stop terrorism," and defining this as a war,
Notes "The war against terrorism as the current hottest issue is prone to the violation of one's rights, including in Indonesia." as issued by the Jakarta Times,
Further defining people involved or captured as a result of the implementation of anti-terrorism practices as Prisoners of the War against Terrorism,
Reminds of the following clauses from the Geneva Convention of treatment of POWs: A. Persons taking no active part in the hostilities, including members of armed forces who are unarmed and those who are subject to sickness, wounds, detention, or any other cause, shall be treated humanely, without any type of discrimination, B. The following acts are prohibited at any time and in any place with respect to the POWs: 1. Violence to life and person (murder, mutilation, and torture) 2. Outrages upon personal dignity (humiliating and degrading treatment) 3. The passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgment by a regularly constituted court, C. The present Convention shall apply to all cases of declared war or of any other armed conflict which may arise between two or more of the High Contracting Parties, even if the state of war is not recognized by one of them. 1. The wounded and sick shall be collected and cared for, 2. An impartial humanitarian body, such as the International Committee of the Red Cross, may offer its services to the Parties to the conflict, 3. Every prisoner of war shall be able to write to his family and to the Central Prisoners of War Agency, informing them of his capture, address and health. The said cards shall be forwarded as rapidly as possible and may not be delayed, 4. POWs have the right to apply to the representatives of the Protecting Powers, to issue any complaints to make regarding their conditions of captivity,
1. Confirms that people involved or captured as a result of the implementation of anti-terrorism practices as Prisoners of the War against Terrorism, therefore have the rights that are mentioned in the Geneva Convention,
2. Calls upon the Security Council to discuss restrictions that are to be placed on specific rights mentioned from the Geneva Convention or to amend certain clauses as seen required, and place consequences for countries that are not giving the prisoners of war against terrorism their rights that are agreed upon in this resolution and the Security Council,
3. Further Resolves the formation of the United Nations Sub-Organization for the Protection of Human Rights of Suspects of Terrorism (UNSOPHRST) under the United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) which will:
A. Have its headquarters in Geneva,
B. Have 1 branch in each continent,
C. Be assigned, by the UN, a head of office for each branch,
D. Have enough staff members (including translators, investigators…etc.) required depending on the specific situations in the area,
E. Assign one person from each country’s police department to work in association with the UNSOPHRST,
F. Receive monthly reports from the police department official who works in association with the UNSOPHRST regarding any violations of the human rights of individuals as a result of the implementation of the ant-terrorism policies and practices,
G. Send investigators immediately to countries that have been reported to have individual’s who are being imprisoned and do not possess their rights as stated in the Geneva Convention, or who’s rights are being violated,
H. Research and gather information about specific prisoners of the war against terrorism that are being held in countries that do not permit the UNSOPHRST’s investigators to enter their country,
I. Send investigators to different countries to make sure that all of the people held or imprisoned as a result of the implementation of anti-terrorism policies and practices possess all their rights that have been recorded in the Geneva Convention,
J. Have a sub-committee under each branch that will deal with investigate missing individuals by performing the following:
i. Receive complaints of missing individuals by family members or relatives or close friends of a person that has been missing for a period of 2 months or more without contacting anyone,
ii. Investigate and research the case of each individual that has been missing for 2 months or more without contact and determine whether the person missing could be imprisoned in a foreign country as a result of the implementation of anti-terrorism policies and practices,
iii. Send investigators to ensure that the person is given all his/her rights,
iv. Inform the family, relatives or friends of the individual about the status of the individual,
K. Record all the cases and information they have gathered and dealt with and submit a monthly report to the Secretary General and to the Security Council,
4. Calls upon a meeting of the head of offices of all the branches once a year or whenever there is an emergency at the headquarters in Geneva to do the following: A. Make sure that all of the steps that are being taken by the branches agree with the national sovereignty of the country in which the branch is located, B. Discuss any arising issues or problems facing the UNSOPHRST that could not be resolved within the branch, C. Discuss the need for more staff or equipment within each branch, D. Vote on which person from each country’s police department to work in association with the UNSOPHRST, E. Debate and discuss further developments of the UNSOPHRST, F. Discuss any incentives that should be given to countries that cooperate, G. Discuss consequences for countries that are not giving the prisoners of war against terrorism their rights that are mentioned in the Geneva Convention if the Security Council fails to do so.
Delegation: Indonesia, NOT DEBATED Committee: Social Delegate: Nouriya Al Sager Issue: The spread of violent ideologies in schools.
Defining ideology as "a system of thoughts based on related assumptions, beliefs, and explanations,"
Stating that people who are strongly committed to an ideology have difficulty understanding and communicating with supporters of a conflicting ideology (www.newyorktimes.com),
Noting that 60% of terrorists become terrorists because of the violent ideologies that they were brought up to believe from schools(www.bbc.com),
Confirms that Islam is a peaceful religion that is NOT a violent ideology and does not support any kind of violence(www.state.gov),
Further noting as albawaba.com stated that nearly 40% of people who believe in violent ideologies live in an uneducated environment,
Noting in regret that most of the violent ideologies that students are getting in schools are encouraged by their parents as article no. 237 in the Asian times stated,
Noting with deep regret that most teachers are taking advantage of their role as educators and spreading violent ideologies among their students,
1. Resolves the formation of a UN committee that will be called the UNCPSVIS ( The United Nations Committee for the Prevention of Spread of Violent Ideologies In Schools); UNCPVIS will be a branch of UNESCO and will involve the following A. 30 chairs which will be elected by the UNESCO every two years, B. Beyond the 30 chairs there will be volunteer supervisors which will be specifically educated by the UNESCO and will be accurately chosen depending on knowledge, experience, capabilities, etc., C. All jobs which will be related to stopping the spread of violent ideologies in schools such as monitoring, educating, supervising, etc. ..will be the job of the UNCPVIS, D. A main headquarters will be placed but other stations will be spread out throughout the world depending on the needs of that country which will be decided by the UNESCO.
2. Further resolves that the UNCPSVIS will take care of the following
A. All teachers are to be well educated on the subject that they are teaching in order to have them teach it in the most elaborate and legal way to avoid further spreading of violent ideologies in schools, by giving lectures and providing teachers with the necessary supplies( e.g. Books, brochures, pamphlets, booklets, etc.,
B. Creating institutes in uneducated countries that will educate the teachers and help them understand why they have these violent ideologies in order to resolve this way of thinking,
C. Having severe consequences on teachers that spread violent ideologies.
D. The monitoring of these teachers will be under the supervision of the UNESCO;
3. Encourages all nations to take the following steps towards increasing awareness regarding this issue along the help with the UNCPSVIS: A. Hold public conferences regarding the spread of violent ideologies among students around the world, B. Have rules state that education is mandatory for children until a specific stage, C. Spread flyers for those people who can read them;
4. Confirms that anyone that is caught spreading violent ideologies in schools will face a severe consequences depending on a trial which will be judged by a professional hired by UNESCO;
5. Urges all nations to vote for this resolution for its negative affect on society and on the world.
Country: Latvia, NOT DEBATED Delegate: Abdullah Falah al-Mdaires Committee: Disarmament Issue: Effective international arrangements to assist non-nuclear states against the use or threat of nuclear weapons.
Defining nuclear weapons as "explosive devices designed to release nuclear energy on a large scale," used primarily in military applications,
Defining the NPT as the Nuclear non-proliferation treaty, which was submitted on march 5 1970, and signed by many countries,
Realizing that nuclear weapons constitute a great threat to global security; referring to what happened in Japan when the U.S.A dropped a nuclear weapon in it, between 70,000 to 80,000 people had died and 40,000 were injured,
Noting With Regret, as Encarta.com stated, that nuclear weapons have many effects like Penetrating Radiation, climate change, damaging buildings by blast effects thermal effects, and all of this was observed in 1960 after the Hiroshima bombing,
Noting that the International court of justice ICJ declared in the year 1996 that any use or the threat to use of nuclear weapons in armed conflicts would generally be contrary to the rules of international law on armed conflict , particularly international humanitarian law,
Alarmed that the NPT does not prevent countries from making nuclear weapons because the country may drop it any time without facing consequences,
Keeping in mind that the NPT was drafted in 1970, and that it must be updated in order to ensure its compatibility with the present situation,
Congratulating the IAEA for its attempts to try to disarm countries and send inspectors to them,
Further noting that according to article VIII, sub clause 1 "any party to the treaty may propose amendments to this treaty,"
Reaffirming that the use or threat of nuclear weapons on a country violates the country’s independence, integrity and sovereignty,
Strongly condemns countries that violate the NPT and aid in the proliferation of nuclear weapons,
1) Resolves that in accordance with article VIII of the NPT the following amendments of the NPT are to be submitted to the depository governments;
2) Calls upon the depository governments to convene a conference to discus the amendments ;
3) Declares: the amendment of article X sub clause 1 by adding "any country wishing to withdraw from the treaty must receive approval from the SC in a closed session and if the country withdraws from the treaty in spite of the SC's objections, the SC has the right to impose sanctions on it;"
4) Further declares the amendment for sub-clause 2 article X adding "that there will be a NPT session every 10 years and this session will include the following topics: A. the current situation of the events that are taking place, B. what actions can be made for the events, C. resolutions and amendments on the treaty;
5) Further recommends amendment of article III sub clause 4 adding "that the meeting of the countries with the IAEA must be every 5 years but it could be earlier if there was a serious situation and the IAEA will determine if the situation needs an early session and this sessions goals will be: A. helping the country makes non-nuclear weapon arrangements with other groups, parties and countries, B. help in solving problems of the country with nuclear weapons or conditions of the NPT;"
6) Adding to the treaty article XII which will state "that any state that uses and trades Nuclear garbage or trash, will be subjected to the International court of justice the ICJ."
Submitted by Latvia, SHOULD'VE BEEN DEBATED Delegate: Saud Al Subaie Committee: Social Issue: The issue of economic and technical cooperation among developing countries.
Defining cooperation as "the united motive and benefit for all,"
Defining developing country as a non-industrialized poor country that is seeking to develop its resources by industrialization, these countries have a range between %4-%5 average GDP growth according to the World Bank,
Acknowledging that Latvia is a recently formed country and is a developing country after its break apart from Russia,
Deeply Concerned about the Fiscal and Monetary decisions of organizations, such as the EU and NAFTA, with a mix of developing and developed nations that affect the developing nations negatively,
Further noting that even though Latvia is part of the EU, a highly developed group of countries, it remains one of the few that struggles behind,
Taking note that the efforts of ECOSOC, Mercosur, ASEAN, NAFTA, WTO, IMF, World Bank, and similar other organizations are greatly appreciated, THOUGH they have been proven to be insufficient to help developing countries in their struggle,
Pointing out that no DEVELOPING countries have tried to produce relationships outside of the above stated and similar organizations that aim to flourish technical development among each other,
Further Acknowledging that these relations (which ones?), if made, will cause good alliances and relieve tension between countries,
Noting the great effect loans can have on a countries economy, because it increases countries trade, exports, investment, and government spending,
1. Urges countries that are developing and in need of loans to take loans that they can pay off and rely on safer loans as opposed to riskier ones that have higher interest rates as they are harder to pay off;
2. Encourages organizations that a developing country is associated with, especially ones with a unified currency, to pay attention to their economic decisions so that they may be able to lean their economic decisions towards helping the developing nations that are apart of the organization, this can be done though:
A. Employing a number of specialized and trained economists and investment specialists, decided by the organization, in each of the countries that belongs to the certain organization (by the request of the organization itself), these economists will have the following responsibilities: i. To report the economic state of the country to a central office in a country that will be decided by the organization’s leaders, ii. To present a plan that shows the best economic decision for the country to the central office, iii) To inform the central office of economic decisions that should not be taken that would potentially harm the country’s economy. iv) To send reports in to the central office every 4 months or as needed, B. Informing the central office, which will then decide what is the best economic action to take;
3) Requests the formation of the United Nations Organization for Economic and Technical Development (UNOETD) which will have a headquarters assigned when this resolution is passed, and will be structured with voted 25 staff members not including economists, investment specialists, and admission staff, in addition a branch will be founded in each country that wishes to work with the UNOETD;
4) Assures that the UNOETD will perform under the following rules: a) Getting a government official of any country that is going to be affected by the action that shall be taken, to sign an agreement that will allow the UNOETD to proceed with the action, b) Not proceeding with any action that violates the country’s national sovereignty;
5) Clarifies that any country wishing to join UNOETD will have to pay money to join, this amount of money will be based on a percentage of their GDP and that percentage will be decided by the economists and specialists, A. The money acquired from this will be put into a fund that will be used for loans to the businesses within the countries with no interest or very small interest rates as will be decided by the economists, B. The UNOETD will also take loans from the World Bank of IMF to help keep this fund strong AND the money loaned will be used in the same way as said in sub-clause a of this clause, C. If able to, the UNOETD will give aid to national governments that are in need;
6) Notes that the UNOETD will not offer aid to countries that are passing through recessions;
7) Verifies that for any country with an economic and technical need to develop, the UNOETD will have to carry out the following steps: A. Whenever a developing country is having problems with its economy it informs the UNOETD that it wishes to join them, the chair members will decide if the problem is serious enough to take action, B. If the chair members are not sure they will send the economists to report the economic state of the country that has issued a complaint and will inform the UNOETD how serious the condition is, C. Check if the country is financially capable of paying for the costs for joining the organization, D. If the country isn’t financially capable of paying for the treatment, the UNOETD will give the country a no interest loan if needed and this loan will be on high priority for repayment;
8) Proclaims that any businesses within the countries associated with UNOETD wishes to receive a loan they must follow the following to receive a loan: A. Whenever a business is having problems with its economy it informs the UNOETD that it wishes to receive a loan from them, the chair members will decide if the problem is serious enough to take action, B. If the chair members are not sure they will send the economists to report the economic state of the business that has issued the request and will inform the UNOETD how serious the condition is, C. If the business is eligible to receive a loan the business will: 1. First request an amount to be given to it, 2. The economists shall then evaluate the request and see how much they can loan to the business as to not mistreat the funds and have enough money left for the other businesses and other countries, the amount loaned will be based on the amount requested and needed by the company, and available funds to loan out, D. Once the term for the loan has ended, based on the history of the company and whether it pays back its loans in a timely fashion either, more or fewer loans will be given to it;
9) Assures all countries that are members of the UNOETD to have free trade between themselves, without any tariffs, taxes, or barriers between them.
Commission: Defense, DEBATED AND PASSED Subject of Resolution: The role of science and technology in preventing terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction Submitted By: Pakistan (Ahmed Al-Shammari)
Defining "terrorists" as parties that use systematic violence in retaliation against the implementation of certain government policies, or against states themselves,
Defining technology as material produced, using the scientific method, to achieve commercial or industrial objectives,
Defining science as the observation, identification, description, experimental investigation, and theoretical explanation of phenomena,
Noting that the use, in March 1995, of the nerve gas, Sarin, by the Aum Shinriyko cult in Tokyo's subway system demonstrates the fact that terrorists can move beyond conventional explosives to the use of chemical or biological agents,
Condemns the bombing of the OPM/SANG Military Training Center, at Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in November, 2002, in which five US. citizens were killed,
Further noting that over 18,000 individuals in fifty nations have been trained in counter-terrorism over the past decade,
Deeply regretting that most people turn to terrorist activities as a result of bad education,
1. Calls upon the United Nations to establish the United Nations Counter Terrorist Organization (UNCT), a specialized agency that will meet once a year, or when necessary. The members will be law enforcement officials from member-countries in the UN. The headquarters of the UNCT will be chosen after the resolution is passed. The UNCT will do the following: A. Provide countries with the best counter-terrorism techniques, B. Coordinate financial aid from the World Bank to countries to construct CT (counter-terrorism) facilities that will be linked to each other by advanced communication technology so that CT officials can share information and plan anti-terrorist operations on an international scale, C. Undertake the best analytic effort on both the strategic and tactical level to support the efforts of all government agencies to combat terrorism. The UNCTO shall continue to work closely with and assist friendly nations around the world in collecting information about terrorist activities in their regions;
2. Requests that the countries offer the best foreign intelligence collection of data against terrorists to the UNCT;
3. Resolves that the UNICEF will help countries achieve a high and healthy education system either by financially and with workforce and experts;
4. Further Requests all nations to review the curricula of private and charity schools to prevent the spread of terrorist ideology there;
5. Further Resolves that a committee be created that will report to the UNTC in order to: A. Prepare a carefully delineated framework for the application of science and technology for countering terrorism by characterizing the range of threats to the nation's security—each characterized by targets, weapons, and delivery systems, and the possible points of intervention, B. Prepare research agendas in seven key areas: i. Biological, chemical, nuclear, radiological, and information technology; transportation, electric facilities, cities, and fixed infrastructure; behavioral, and social and institution issues, C. Propose a conclusive plan enforced by this committee, including the development of a final integrated science and technology program plan and research strategy for combating terrorism;
6. Affirms that countries complying with the UNCT will get mass media exposure, and countries not complying will get the mass media of their noncompliance.
Commission: Social, NOT DEBATED Delegate: [Abdullah] Issue: of preservation and establishment of defined rights for suffers from diseases such as SARS and AIDS.
Simply noticingthe fact that Pakistan is at crucial juncture in its response to the threat of AIDS,
Noting and Positive that Pakistan is not infected with the SARS disease,
Seeking immediate action to resolve this problem,
Noting that 70,000-80,000 persons, or 0.10 % of the adult population in Pakistan, are infected with the AIDS virus,
Referring to Article 9 of the Chapter of Fundamental Rights which guarantees security of a the Pakistani individual,
Pointing out that economically disadvantaged and underdeveloped nations are already suffering because of their economic situation and cannot develop under these circumstances,
Deeply Disturbed by the ignorance of countries and organizations to this problem,
1. Urges all countries to show full support,
2. Calls upon the WHO to build a branch in Karachi, the capital of Pakistan,
3. Requests the creation of a program which will be concerned with the AIDS virus in all AIDS infected countries which will be called "no more AIDS" which will have these goals; A. To ensure an effective, well-coordinated, and sustainable multi-sectoral response to AIDS B. To expand the knowledge base in order to facilitate planning, implementation and evaluation of AIDS programs C. To improve the quality of life for people living with AIDS through the provision of quality care and support (including meeting their medical, social, and sometimes material needs), and ensuring a secure environment for all people infected and affected by AIDS D. To lower the rate of AIDS and have the country where the program is being implemented be an AIDS-free country,
4. Declares the creation of full-time jobs which will have high salaries under the WHO and will be devoted entirely to "no more AIDS", the list of jobs are as follows; A. Lecturers who will go to schools and explain AIDS and everything about it B. Co-lecturers who will assist the lecturer C. Public administrators: who will create posters and everything that can be displayed in public D. AIDS fact book: these people will create a fact book which will have everything you need to know about AIDS, it will be distributed everywhere for free E. Office workers: who will do all the paperwork and office work and arrange all things F. Instructors: who will guide all volunteers to work wherever they are needed (hospitals, lectures, public campaigns …etc.) G. Collectors: who will be in charge of the donation box H. President: who will be in charge of everything, there is no permanent president since this program is temporary,
5. Further Invites all countries and individuals and organizations to show support, either financial or any other way,
6. Affirms that all donations shall be put into nothing but the "no more AIDS" program.
7. Expresses its Hope to the success of this program.
Security Council: Khaled Al-Rubei, SC CLAUSES SHOULD'VE BEEN DEBATED Issue: Kashmir
Defining Kashmir as a Non-Self Governing Territory that includes the areas of Jammu Region, Kashmir Region, and Ladakh Region,
Noting that according to chapter 11, article 73, sub-clause B of the UN charter that the UN must take due account of the political aspirations of the peoples of non-self governing territory, and to assist them in progressive development of their free political institutions,
Deeply concerned that the death toll of all of the major conflicts surrounding this issue is nearly 20,000 people and that is excluding the dying for freedom in the daily life of Kashmir's,
Emphasizing the fact that India agreed on a "UN supervised plebiscite" to solve the issue of Jammu and Kashmir in resolution 47 "The India-Pakistan Question" (clause A, sub-clause 3) of the Security Council,
Noting with Concern that the issue of Jammu and Kashmir has been going on for 56 years,
Condemning India for the recent assassination of legendary Kashmir leader Ghani Lone,
1. Calls Upon an establishment of a plebiscite in Jammu and Kashmir on the question of accession to Pakistan, India, or to have a self governing independent state;
2. Resolves the formation of plebiscite administration that will be formed by the Security Council in accordance with the following regulations: A. The administrator of the plebiscite will be chosen by the Security Council, and he or she must not be from South Asia; B. A committee that will help the administrator of the plebiscite will be formed by the Security Council with the consent of the administrator; C. A set date for the plebiscite will be set by the Security Council with the consent of the administrator;
3. Recommends that in two months prior to the plebiscite the following should happen: A. An adequate number of UN peacekeeping troops will arrive in Kashmir; B. The number of troops will be decided by the Security Council with the consent of the administrator; C. The borders of Kashmir will be closed to all people; D. The UN peacekeeping troops will oversee the borders;
4. Further Recommends that in every province of Kashmir there will be only one destination to vote and this will be implemented by the following: A. The administrator will choose a location; B. There will be no Indian or Pakistani military personal in that location or within 1km of it; C. The troops will make sure that there are no military personal in that location or within km of it;
5. Further Resolves that both Pakistan and India are obliged to help by: A. Making sure their military forces are far from the designated voting locations; B. Making sure their military forces do not intimidate the people of Kashmir; C. Making sure that regardless of the out come they will support it;
6. Advises the Security Council to help Kashmir with its accession to India, or to Pakistan, or to forming its own government.
Committee: Human Rights, NOT DEBATED Submitted by: Uruguay Delegate: Sara Al-Muzaini Issue: The Creation of Charter Economic Rights.
Defining A tariff as "a tax on imported products or services" with tariff revenue going directly to the national treasury,
Fully Alarmed: That tariffs are one of the main causes of economic failure for many companies/factories and countries causing economic problems for everyone,
Keeping in mind tariffs cause an increase to the amount of poverty in a country if the taxes are too high for the countries government or its citizens; and that tariffs might also discourage people to start their own business because they don’t benefit as much as if the tariffs were less,
Alarmed By the fact that some countries have raised the level of their tariffs by at least 2%; and this is causing more poor countries to lose more money when purchasing their products especially if the products are essential to life, i.e., medicine and health supplies, clean water, food etc.,
Deeply Concerned that not many countries have enough money to pay for the taxes and those countries might need those products if the products are very important and essential for life,
Viewing with appreciation that some Asian countries have taken into consideration the importance of decreasing the taxes on imports and therefore have begun in creating a new organization that shall work on decreasing the tax on imports by a few percents in the coming years,
Deeply Disappointed: that the new ASEAN agreement won't come into effect until ten years, meaning that until all the countries interested in it have agreed on the basics of the organization and that this organization does NOT include the majority of poor nations,
1-Resolves that a any country willing to decrease its tax on imports be invited that attend a meeting that shall be held in Montevideo Uruguay, the purpose of this meeting shall be to: A. Discuss the importance of decreasing tariffs and how they effect all countries (rich or poor), B. Decide/Agree on creating a new organization that shall be called TRTIP (The Reduction of Taxes on Imported Products), C. Agree on when should the members of the organization meet (possibly yearly) to discuss whether any progress has been made and how close is the organization is to reaching its goal, D. Agree on all the rules and laws of the TRTIP, E. Start working on the TRTIP's goal which is to decrease the tax on imports immediately once the country has agreed to join the organization so that the organization will be ready in a very quick time,
2-Further Resolves that countries that are in the same region and are neighbors/countries are at the same level financially and economically to: A.Agree to decrease their tax on imports to a considerable and similar amount so that all these countries benefit together 1. Meaning that if 4 out 7 countries need to decrease their tariffs by 5% and the other 3 need to decrease their tariffs by 7% to allow the country to benefit, then the total amount of decreasing will be 6%, however the countries might vary in their decreasing of percentages by 0.5% or 1-2%) B. Create a couple of quarters in these countries that will observe the countries progress after the tariffs decrease and they shall compare and contrast their results with neighboring countries and change anything if necessary after the issue is discussed in the meeting and certain actions are decided to be taken,
3-Urges: All countries that support the TRTIP and its actions to: A. Open branches for the organization in as many countries as possible to oversee and help in progressing and reaching the TRTIP's goal, B. Offer fair and equal deals to citizens of all nationalities and that will allow both the citizens and they governments to benefit, C. Place a group of economists in each branch in the countries that shall observe and study the countries income and determine how much the country should need to decrease its tariffs so that it'll be financially stable in the shortest period of time possible, D. These specialists shall record their data from their researching and shall present this information to the countries when they meet for their annual meeting and this data is going to determine the next step that each country shall take so that they can progress and reach their goal quickly,
4-Encourages: All countries to vote for this resolution in order to: A. Allow countries to be economically stable creating an easier road for them to progress, B. Gives a lot of citizens an incentive to start their own business allowing the country to increase its yearly income when they realize that the tariffs have decreased and now everyone benefits,
5-Confirms: That this resolution shall help a lot of countries if proactive steps are taken and countries start setting aside their differences in order to create a better life for everyone.