Country: the United States of America

Pearl MUN 2003, ICJ

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The American National Anthem

The Star Spangled Banner

Oh, say! can you see by the dawn's early light
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming;
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight,
O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming?
And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there:
Oh, say! does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep,
Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam,
In fully glory reflected now shines in the stream:
'Tis the star-spangled banner! Oh, long may it wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!

And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion
A home and a country should leave us no more?
Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps' pollution!
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave:
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

Oh, thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand
Between their loved home and the war's desolation!
Blest with victory and peace, may the heav'n-rescued land
Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation!
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto: "In God is our trust":
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

The United States of America


The United States Presentation



Statements of Facts:

1) Iran is a state sponsor of terrorism.

2) Iran provides terrorist groups with varying amounts of funding, safe haven, training camps and weapons.

3) Iran has sponsored terrorist acts against the United States.

4) Iran has violated rules and regulations to treaties, which it has signed and prohibit it from using and or making of Weapons of Mass Destruction.

5) Iraq has continued their research of Weapons of Mass Destruction.

6) Iran spreads Weapons of Mass Destruction.

7) IRAN has spread ill will against the United States throughout the Islamic/Arab/Persian Gulf Region and has nit been a "true friend" to the United States.

8) IRAN has fought an undeclared "dirty" war against Israel, an American ally.

9) Iran has killed American citizens directly and indirectly.

10) Iran is currently in possession of two types of highly enriched uranium.


Legal Claims:

1) Iran is a party of the Geneva Protocol since 1929, which prohibits the use of asphyxiating, poisonous pr other gases, and all analogous liquids, materials or devices, as well as the use of bacteriological methods of warfare.

2) Iran is a party of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which states that countries other than The United States, The Russian Federation, The United Kingdom, The Peoples Republic of China and France may not acquire or produce nuclear weapons or nuclear explosive devices.

3) Iran is an original member of the Chemical Weapons Convention, whose principal objectives are the elimination chemical weapons and of the capacity to develop them, the verification of non-proliferation, international assistance and protection in the event of the use or threat of use of chemical weapons, and international cooperation and assistance in the peaceful use of chemistry.

4) The United States and Iran are both parties of the Treaty of Amity, which states the following:

A. "Any dispute between the High Contracting Parties as to the interpretation or application of the present Treaty, not satisfactorily adjusted by diplomacy, shall be submitted to the International Court of Justice, unless the High Contracting Parties agree to settlement by some other pacific means."

B. "There shall be firm and enduring peace and sincere friendship between the United States of America and Iran."

C. "Between the territories of the two High Contracting Parties there shall be freedom of commerce and navigation."


Judgments required:

The United States demands THAT:

1) An American team accompanies the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) secretariat to The Islamic Republic of Iran as to ensure that reports are factual.

2) The Islamic Republic of Iran stop producing enriched uranium.

3) The Islamic Republic of Iran shut down its declared nuclear facilities and other factories capable of producing Weapons of Mass Destruction (WOMD).

4) The Islamic Republic of Iran not use the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as scapegoats to produce WOMD.

5) The Islamic Republic of Iran may not withdraw from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty even with a three months notice prior to 2020.

6) The Islamic Republic of Iran sign an enhanced safeguard protocol with the International Atomic Energy Agency.

7) A joint United States, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEC), Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) team be allowed free access to any military and commercial nuclear and WOMD sites to guarantee the completion of steps 1-4.

8) The Islamic Republic of Iran allows the United States and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that all records of funding be submitted to the IMF for immediate auditing.

9) The Islamic Republic of Iran stop all cooperation with terrorist groups such as the Lebanese Hizbolah, the Hamas Militant Group, and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad.

10) That the Islamic Republic of Iran denounces the term "freedom fighter".



The United States Presentation


(italics indicates potentially biased sources)

PART I: prove that Iran is not cooperating with inspectors and is in breach of the NPT, the Geneva Protocol, and the Chemical and Biological Weapons Conventions.

Evidence #1: Iran signed the NPT as a non-nuclear state party, meaning that it has agreed under the Treaty not to acquire nuclear weapons, or any substances linked to the development of nuclear weapons, and yet it is acquiring and developing highly enriched uranium and plutonium. Plutonium’s only use is in nuclear weapons. Verification: IAEA weapon’s inspectors report (2003)

Evidence #2: Iran has a Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the body responsible for monitoring compliance with the NPT. The Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement gives the IAEA the right to inspect nuclear facilities declared by non-nuclear weapon states, and yet it has not fully cooperated with the inspectors, and has not allowed them full access to the facilities in question. Verification: IAEA weapon’s inspectors report (2003)

Evidence #3: "Iran has failed to declare the development of new facilities promptly to the IAEA and appears to have been attempting to construct secret underground facilities." Verification: Center for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) briefing (July, 2003), an independent organization that cooperates with UK-based and international organizations aimed to rid the world of nuclear weapons. The CND is funded by its members and supporters.

Evidence #4: Although Iran is a party to the Chemical Weapons Convention, it has produced and stockpiled blister, blood, and choking chemical agents. Verification: US intelligence, Air Force Association (AFA) December 2002, Vol. 85, No. 12

Evidence # 5: There are ongoing investigations by the IAEA concerning Iran’s compliance with the NPT. At the end of August 2003, the IAEA stated in a confidential report leaked to the media that trace elements of highly enriched uranium were found in an Iranian nuclear facility. In June of 2003, an IAEA director general report stated that Iran had not met the obligations required of it by the NPT. Verification: Federation of American Scientists (FAS) (August 4th 2003).

Evidence #6: "Khomeini warns the IAEA and Rohani cancels visit to Moscow" was the title of an article in Al-Qabas daily, which stated the many threats that Khomeini has presented to the IAEA regarding the signing of the "Additional Protocol". "We will undoubtedly discontinue negotiations concerning the signing of the Protocol" Said Khomeini "If we feel that in any case, Iran’s Islamist regime is being threatened." Verification: Al-Qabas daily Newspaper Tuesday 4th of November, 2003.



PART II: prove that Iran has the capacity and necessary materials to develop and use weapons of mass destruction, and that it is spreading them among neighboring countries.

Evidence #1: An IAEA team recently found traces of two types of highly enriched uranium at an Iranian facility, and Iran has delayed inspectors’ access to two other uranium sites. Verification: IAEA report (August 28,2003)

Evidence #2: Environmental samples taken by the IAEA at the facility "indicate the possible presence in Iran of highly enriched uranium, material that is not on its inventory for declared nuclear materials". Verification: IAEA report (August 28, 2003)

Evidence #3: In June 2003, the Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Dr. Mohammed Al-Baradaei visited Tehran for talks on Iran’s nuclear program. The visit followed revelations that Iran is pursuing an extensive and secretive nuclear power program, which may give it the capability to develop nuclear weapons. Verification: Center for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) briefing (July, 2003), an independent organization that cooperates with UK-based and international organizations aimed to rid the world of nuclear weapons. The CND is funded by its members and supporters.

Evidence #4: even though, Iran has alleged that the uranium is only for civil use in nuclear reactors to produce electricity, it has been proven that the Russian-supplied nuclear reactors presently under construction at the southern port of Bushehr are supplied complete with Russian-made fuel, so there is no need for enriched uranium for these reactors. But Iran does not have a significant and established nuclear reactor program, and in economic and practical terms establishing an enrichment facility cannot be justified. That means the enrichment facility is almost certainly aimed for the development of nuclear weapons. Verification: John Large, an independent nuclear consultant, BBC interview, BBC news, 8/9/2003

Evidence #5: "Iran is pursuing a clandestine nuclear weapons program, as well as developing chemical weapons, biological weapons, and ballistic missiles." Verification: White House spokesperson Ari Fleischer during a speech on June, 2003

Evidence #6: "Iran is believed to be building a reprocessing facility, indicating that it intends to separate plutonium. The only use for plutonium is in nuclear weapons." Verification: Center for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) briefing (July, 2003), an independent organization that cooperates with UK-based and international organizations aimed to rid the world of nuclear weapons. The CND is funded by its members and supporters.

Evidence #7: "Iran provides perhaps the most fundamental challenge ever faced by the NPT… as recent revelations have made all too clear, Iran has been conducting an alarming clandestine program to acquire sensitive nuclear capabilities that the IAEA believes make sense only as part of a nuclear weapons program." Verification: US Assistant Secretary of State John Wolf (28 April, 2003)

Evidence #8: Iran has given the nod to a larger scale nuclear program and has ordered contracts drawn up to build a second nuclear reactor. Despite international concerns that Tehran may be building an atomic bomb, Iran’s Supreme Nuclear Energy Council ordered contracts written up for a second 1000 MW nuclear reactor at the Southern port of Bushehr where Russia is helping Iran build its first nuclear power station. The council also ordered suitable sites to be studied for the construction of further reactors to generate an extra 5000 MW from nuclear power. Verification: IRNA (Iranian News Agency), 2003.

Evidence #9: "Current plans extend to the construction of 15 power reactors and two research reactors. Research and development efforts also were conducted by the Shah’s regime on fissile material production, although these efforts were halted during the Iranian revolution and the Iran-Iraq war". Verification: Federation of American Scientists (FAS) (August 4, 2003)

Evidence #10: A great deal of information about the Iranian nuclear program and its likely continuation towards military applications was released in August 2002 and February 2003 by opponents to the regime. The following has been officially confirmed later on: The construction of an important facility devoted to uranium enrichment by centrifugation at Deh Zireh located about 250 km south of Tehran between the cities of Kashan and Nantaz. At mid February 2003, the Iranian authorities admitted that:
· They have continued preparation for exploiting the uranium deposit of Sanghand.
· They have produced yellow cake near the city of Yadz
· They have completed tetra and uranium hexafluoride production plants at Isphahan.
· They are building an enrichment facility near kashan.
· They are building a fuel production plant. Verification: "Latest Developments in the Nuclear Program of Iran. In particular on th Plutonium way" NSG 2003 plenary, Pusan. Information Exchange Meeting. Presentation by France.



Witness 1: Mossad Agent (Yet to be decided).

The Israeli spy agency Mossad has drawn preemptive attack plans on six sites in Iran that are being used to prepare nuclear weapons.

Q. Is it true that the agency has drawn preemptive attack plans on six sites in Iran, which are being used to prepare nuclear weapons?

A. Yes.

Q. What is your source for this information?

A. That’s classified.

Q. The agency has been right about such a case before?

A. Yes in Iraq because it had been building a nuclear reactor at that time.

Q. What evidence do you have that proves they would have used them against you?

A. Iraq has threatened Israel on countless occasions it has also gone as far as striking us multiple times. Iraq also helped terrorist organizations in Palestinian by backing attacks on Israel.

Q. Isn’t it true that Iran is also very hostile towards Israel?

A. Yes the Islamic Republic of Iran has always been aggressive towards Israel by funding terrorist attacks against Israel or by making violent comments concerning Israel. It does pose a threat and as recently proven by the IAEA and not denied by Iran they do indeed have enriched uranium plants.




PART III: prove that Iran is a worldwide supporter of terrorism.

Evidence #1: With respect to the assassinations of Mr. Shahpour Bakhtiar, the last Prime Minister before the Islamic Revolution, and Mr. Katibeh Fallouch, his secretary, it was reported that Mr. Zeyal Sarhadi, an Iranian citizen age 25, was extradited to France by the Swiss authorities on 26 May 1992. Mr. Sarhadi is accused of participating in the preparation of the crime and of aiding the killers to escape to Switzerland. Other persons charged with complicity in the crime were Mr. Massoud Hendi, former chief of the Iranian Radio and Television in Paris, charged on 21 September 1991; Mrs. Fereshteh Djahanbari, allegedly linked to the Iranian Intelligence Services, charged on 28 September 1991, and Mr. Ali Rad Vakili, imprisoned in France on 27 August 1991. According to French press reports, Mr. Massoud Hendi has implicated the Iranian Interior Ministry in the plot to kill these persons. Mr. Hendi is said to have helped the three alleged assassins by providing two of them with false visas to enter France and false Turkish passports to facilitate their escape. Source: Section of UN Report regarding the assassination of Dr. Bakhtiar

Evidence #2: The liquidation of high-ranking activists belonging to the Iranian Democratic Kurdish Party on September 17th 1992 at the Mikonos restaurant in Berlin. This operation was carried out by a squad composed of Hizballah and Iranian intelligence operatives, headed by a member of the Islamic Students Association in Germany, Khatem Dara’abi, who apparently was employed by the Iranian Intelligence Ministry as the liaison between the Iranian Consulate in Berlin and the hit team. Source: Kurdish Human Rights Project, an independent organization based in London, England.  

Evidence #3:The assassination of Muhammad Hussein Naghdi, the representative of the National Opposition Council in Italy on March 16th 1993 was committed by Iranian Intelligence agents. Source: The Human Rights Watch, a independent organization, 1993 Overview Of Human Rights Development.

Evidence #4:The liquidation on February 20th 1996 in Istanbul of two activists from Mujahedin-e Khalq by Iranian intelligence agents and the assassination of another Mujahedin-e Khalq activist in Baghdad on March 7th 1996. Source: Kurdish Human Rights Project, an independent organization based in London, England.  

Evidence #5:The specially built Howitzer mortar intercepted on an Iranian vessel on its way from Iran to Antwerp port on March 14th 1996. The mortar addressed to a shop with Iranian intelligence connections in Germany, and ready for activation. Source: Kurdish Human Rights Project, an independent organization based in London, England.  

Evidence #6: The Jerusalem Force’s commander, Ahmad Vahidi, helped plan the 1994 bombing of the Amia Jewish Center in Buenos Aires, in which 85 civilians were killed and 230 were injured. Source: Joint briefing by Argentine and Israeli intelligence officials in 1994.

Evidence #7: "A large number of them have been deported already, and a number of them are currently in our custody", said intelligence Minister Ali Yunesi about Al Qaeda members. Source: CNN.

Evidence #8: Iran's hard-line Revolutionary Guards have renewed the death sentence on British author Salman Rushdie, author of "The Satanic Verses", and anyone who knowingly helped publish the novel issued 14 years ago by the late Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Source: BBC News Saturday, 15 February 2003 Iran 'renews' Rushdie death sentence.

Evidence #9: Two translators of "The Satanic Verses" were attacked in their own countries in 1991. The Japanese translator, Hitoshi Igarashi, was stabbed and died immediately. The Italian translator, Ettore Capriolo, was stabbed and seriously wounded but recovered. William Nygaard, the Norwegian publisher of the book, was fired on three times in 1993 outside his home in Oslo but survived. It's astonishing that not a single arrest has been made in Japan, Italy or Norway for these crimes. Source: BRIEF ON IRAN, Vol. II, No. 15, Wednesday, October 28, 1998 Representative Office of The National Council of Resistance of Iran.

Evidence #10: The Government of Bahrain announced in June the discovery of a local Hizballah group of Bahraini Shiites who had been trained and sponsored by Iran in an effort to overthrow the ruling al-Khalifa family. The Bahraini authorities have regularly accused Iran of responsibility for the wave of disturbances in the emirate over recent months. Last month the Bahrainis claimed a coup when, in effect, a group of dissidents confessed on television to having received training and financial support from Iran. Source: BRIEF ON IRAN, Representative Office of The National Council of Resistance of Iran , No. 460. Tuesday, July 23, 1996.

Evidence #11: Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak claims Iran was behind a foiled assassination attempt against him last year. Source: TIME Europe, Iran’s State of Terror. November 11th 1996.

Evidence #12: That Zarqawi was permitted to set up the Jordanian embassy bombing in Baghdad from his Iranian detention, he passed instructions out to Ansar Al Islam contacts to get in touch with certain ex- Iraqi intelligence officers. The Jordanian embassy strike was meticulously planned and carried out. Source: Jordanian Embassy Bombing and Hizballah Bombardment – Dual Show of Tehran’s Muscle. DEBKAfile Special Report. August 9th 2003.

Evidence #13: Iran finances and supports terrorist groups such as Ansaar Hezbollah and the Basij militia. The Iranian government hired these two groups as well as the police, to hold back rioting students. after several hours, 600-700 of the Ansaar brutally attacked the Iranian students, aided and abetted by the police who provided shields and other necessary equipment. Iran is financing, supporting and sustaining these terrorist groups within Iran itself, and it is providing the same kind of support to Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan and Hezbollah in Southern Lebanon. Verification: 1. "The Blood of Iranians fighting our way to regime change", by Koorosh Afshar. 2. "Students Protests reveal weakness of Iranian Regime", by Fred Weston. Idaho independent media center (Wednesday June 25, 2003)

Evidence #14: Eyewitnesses in Isphahan confirmed that groups of Hizbollah militias, supported by forces from the local security had made a combined attack on tens of thousands of local residents as they were carrying out the final Friday prayers at the end of Ramadan. Verification: Ain Al-Yaqeen Arabic Newspaper (January 21st, 1999)

Evidence #15: "Iran supports terrorists" Verification: White House spokesperson Ari Fleischer (June, 2003)

Evidence #16: It is arguably Tehran--not Baghdad--that is the terror capital of the Middle East. The US State Department has judged Iran the world's most active state sponsor of terrorist acts, with Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and Ministry of Intelligence and Security providing planning, funds, and weapons. "Although some within Iran would like to end this support, hard-liners who hold the reins of power continue to thwart any efforts to moderate these policies," Verification: Air Force Association (AFA) December 2002, Vol. 85, No. 12, "Patterns of Global Terrorism", a magazine published by the State Department.

Evidence #17: Iran spends an estimated $100 million a year on Hezbollah and may even have dispatched Iranian Revolutionary Guards to help operate some of the group's heavy weaponry in Lebanon. Tehran has intensified support of Palestinian rejectionist groups since the beginning of the latest round of Israeli-Palestinian violence, to the point where it dispatched explosives and weapons to the Palestinian Authority forces aboard the Karine A freighter, which was seized by Israeli authorities. Anti-Israeli rhetoric from Iran's ruling mullahs are virulent: Supreme Leader Khamenei refers to Israel as a "cancerous tumor" that must be cut out. Iran has also provided limited support to terrorist groups in the Gulf, Africa, Turkey, and Central Asia, according to the State Department. And there are still unresolved questions of Iranian complicity in the 1996 bombing of the US barracks at the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia. Verification: Air Force Association (AFA) December 2002, Vol. 85, No. 12

Evidence #18: "The Iranian regime's support for terrorist activities--which have killed at least hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians, Americansis inconsistent with the desire of the Iranian people for Iran to fully join the community of nations," Verification: Zalmay Khalilzad, National Security Council senior director for Southwest Asia, the Near East, and North Africa and special envoy to Afghanistan, said during a speech in August.

Evidence #19: Hard-line elements in Iran in fact helped al Qaeda terrorists escape. For months, as Taliban resistance crumbled, the Iranian government did nothing to arrest and extradite al Qaeda, according to US officials. Instead, it insisted that no terrorists from Afghanistan were finding their way into Iranian territory at all. Only after repeated complaints from President Bush and other US officials did Tehran admit that there was an Al Qaeda presence in Iran. Finally, it extradited some suspects in custody to their country of origin and Afghanistan, with holding the rest to themselves. Verification: Air Force Association (AFA) December 2002, Vol. 85, No. 12.

Evidence #20: Iran is still on the list of states sponsoring terrorism and it harbors terrorist groups such as Al-Qaeda. Verification: US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld (January 30, 2003)


Witness 2: Syrian Ambassador from the GA (Himself).

After indicating that Syria is greatly concerned and has been in close relations with Iran, the Syrian ambassador to the GA is to answer the in basic way outlined.

Q: Is it true that Syria is a state sponsor of terrorism?

A: No

Q: Then how do you explain terrorist groups such as Hezbollah, Hamas, and the Islamic Jihad having headquarters and training camps in Syria?

A: Well who’s to say their terrorist.

Q: Does this mean Syria condones attacks such as the assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in 1981?

A: No not that.

Q: Oh so what terrorist attacks do you support?

A: We don’t support terrorist attacks.

Q: How about Iran’s funding do you deny that these terrorist groups are funded by the Islamic Republic of Iran?

A: No they aren’t.

Q: What about these intercepted documents what do you have to say about these?

A: Well yes.



Part IV: prove that Iran is not a true friend of the US and that it has killed US citizens directly and indirectly.

Evidence #1: "The Iranian regime's support for terrorist activities--which have killed at least hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians, including Americans--is inconsistent with the desire of the Iranian people for Iran to fully join the community of nations," Verification: Zalmay Khalilzad, National Security Council senior director for Southwest Asia, the Near East, and North Africa and special envoy to Afghanistan, during a speech in August.

Evidence #2: Ayatollah Fazel Lankerani, "Marja’-e Taqlid" ("Source of Imitation" – one of the highest-ranking religious authorities in the Shi’a), states that the United States and Israel are at the forefront of terrorism. Source: "Keyhan" a Iranian newspaper, 10 October 2001

Evidence #3: Hojjat-ol-Eslam Akhtari, former Iranian ambassador to Damascus and presently head of the International Department at the office of Iran’s Spiritual Leader, Ayatollah Khamenei, claims that the United States has no intention of cracking down on terrorism, because the United States itself is a terrorist country. Verification: Iranian Students News Agency (ISNA), 15 December 2001

Evidence #4: Manifestations of incitement against the US in the Iranian press:

1. Condemning the US offensive against Afghanistan: an editorial published by the newspaper "Jomhouri-ye Eslami" (18 October 2001) condemns the United States’ military action against Afghanistan, and alleged crimes against humanity: "the war is proof that the American culture is a fake, and is nothing but violence, wrongdoing and ambition to rule the world".

2. Spreading lies about the United States’ intention to use nuclear weapons against Afghanistan: the front page headline of the newspaper "Keyhan" (9 October 2001) features an "exclusive item" on large quantities of nuclear weapons being shipped by the US military forces, and heading for military bases in Central Asia. The report quotes a former senior official in the American Military Intelligence, as one who claims that terrorism should be eradicated by means of atomic weapons.

3. The United States contributes to spreading terrorism: an article published in the newspaper "Jomhouri-ye Eslami" (9 October 2001), under the headline "The United States Expands Terrorism under the Pretext of Struggle Against Terrorism"

4. President Bush and Prime Minister Blair portrayed as war criminals conducting a war against innocent citizens and Islam: an article in the newspaper "Jomhouri-ye Eslami" (9 October 2001) depicts President Bush and Prime Minister Blair as war criminals, and claims that the offensive against Afghanistan is a terrorist act, devoid of any legal or rational justification. Another article also published in "Jomhouri-ye Eslami" (23 October 2001) claims that by sending troops to Afghanistan, the United States asserts its ambition to fight the entire world of Islam. "Jomhouri-ye Eslami" (24 October 2001) features a main headline, stating that among the victims of American and British acts of violence against civilians are tens of Afghan devotees, killed during prayer by an air strike on a mosque in Herat. An article in the newspaper "Keyhan" (10 October 2001) refers to President Bush as Hitler’s successor.

Evidence #5: Saudi officials are holding 40 suspects for the bombing that killed 19 Americans in Dahran last June and say they have evidence implicating Iran as the instigator of the attack. Source: The Saudi-American Forum. Thursday, November 9, 1996.

Evidence #6: "…Savage Americans." Verification: Iran Press Service (Sept. 21, 2003). A quote from Mr. Hoseyn Shari’atmadari, a high-ranking intelligence officer specializing in interrogating intellectual and political dissidents appointed by Mr. Khomeini as Editor of the Iranian newspaper "Keyhan".



Witness 3: Iranian Ambassador from the GA (himself).

Iran is very relevant to this case.

Q: What are the names of the Al- Qaeda suspects that Iran has in custody?

A: That’s classified.

Q: Why are you not allowing the United States to question these witnesses?

A: Because we feel that they are our responsibility.

Q: If Iran is not supporting terrorism, then why aren’t you turning them over?

A: Again we believe that the United States doesn’t the right to interrogate the witness.

Q: Is it because they might tell tales about Iran?

A: No, of course not.

Q: If Iran were INNOCENT, then they'd have no fear in giving them over?

A: No.


Part V: prove that Iran has fought an undeclared "dirty" war against Israel, a US ally.

Evidence #1: The capture of the "Karine A," a vessel loaded with more than 50 tons of high quality arms and explosives has not only shed light on the strategic aims of the Palestinian Authority, but also on those of Iran. The weapons on the ship had been purchased from Iran by officials of the Palestinian Authority and transferred to the ship in a secret operation off the coast of the Iranian island of Qeshm. The weapons-smuggling attempt is further proof of Iran’s role in instigating violence between Israel and the Palestinians. Verification: A briefing by the Prime Minister, the Minister of Defense, and the Chief of the IDF General Staff and the Commander in Chief of the Israeli Navy held at Eilat port after the seizure of the Palestinian weapon ship on 6.1.02.

Evidence #2: Training assistance is provided by the Revolutionary Guards, which recruits Islamic operatives trained in Lebanon, and also frequently continue their training in Iran. They later return to the Palestinian territories and are integrated into carrying out terror activity. Verification: Document intercepted written by the Head of Bait Laham Operations of the Palestinian Security Headquarters to Jibril Al- Rajoub, an Iranian security adviser.

Evidence #3: "If a day comes when the world of Islam is duly equipped with the arms Israel has in possession, the strategy of colonialism would face a stalemate because application of an atomic bomb would not leave any thing in Israel but the same thing would just produce damages in the Muslim world". Verification: A direct quote from Ayatollah Ali Akbar Hashemi-Rafsanjani’s, one of Iran’s most influential ruling clerics, Friday preaches in Iran.

Evidence #4: The International Committee for Supporting the Palestinian Intifada, headed by Mohtashemi-Pour (former minister of the interior), published an announcement on the occasion of "Jerusalem Day", calling for the world’s involvement in "eliminating the malignant tumor called Israel". Verification: Iranian Student News Agency (ISNA) on December 12th 2001.

Evidence #5: Ayatollah Fazel Lankerani, "Marja’-e Taqlid" ("Source of Imitation" – one of the highest-ranking religious authorities in the Shi’a), states that the United States and Israel are at the forefront of terrorism. Source: "Keyhan" a Iranian newspaper, 10 October 2001.

Evidence #6: Rouzbehi, a Majles representative: "We know that if the Intifada should stop, then Israel will slowly but surely embark on the invasion of the entire Middle East, and eventually conquer the entire world, which it believes to be its right". Verification: Iranian TV news report, 1 January 2002.

Evidence #7: Manifestations of incitement against Israel in the Iranian press:

A. Zionism as a terrorist movement: the newspaper "Iran" (26 August 2001) features an article with the headline "Zionism joined Terrorism in the year 1946".. The article is accompanied by a photograph of a holocaust victim, with the legend (in French) "plus jamais ça" ("never again"). Durthe news broadcast on Radio Tehran (2 December 2001), the Zionists were mentioned as those responsible for the terrorist attacks on the US.

B. Pursuing jihad as a means to eliminate Israel: "Jomhouri-ye Eslami" (26 December 2001) publishes a commentary, consisting of implicit criticism of the Hamas movement’s decision to stop terrorist attacks within the boundaries of Israel. The article argues that the power of the Palestinian Resistance, as reflected by the attacks carried out in Jerusalem and in Haifa in the beginning of December, stems from the Palestinians’ ability to generate panic in Israel whenever they wish to do so. The commentator voices the opinion that Hamas ought to understand that the best way of achieving the goals of the movement is through jihad, which will bring about the "eradication of Israel".

Evidence #8: "The suicide and self-sacrifice actions for the sake of national interests and faith constitute the peak of glory, heroism and valor of every nation… The Palestinian nation is alive and it will live and continue its actions." "All the Islamic governments, particularly the Arab ones, must give practical support to the Palestinians." Iranian Leader, Khamenei. Verification: In a speech on 1 May 2002 (Tehran Radio in Persian)

Evidence #9: "Iran will never and under no circumstances recognize Israel’s right to exist. Israel with all its might and Satanic methods will not be able to prevent the Palestinian people from continuing its Intifada." The Leader’s Adviser for International Affairs, Akhtari. Verification: In a conference on the subject of the Intifada, ISNA (10 January 2001).

Evidence #10: "The Moslem nations must support the Palestinian people by supplying arms and funds and fulfilling its Jihad needs". Verification: In a conference on the subject of Jerusalem in Lebanon, Radio Tehran (29 January 2001).

Evidence #11: The Iranian Foreign Minister, Kharazi, said during a visit in Lebonon: "The Lebanese people suffered a great deal from the Israeli occupation and we in Iran have stood by these people, and by the Islamic resistance in the battle for liberation of the land, and we shall also stand by its side until the full liberation and elimination of Israel. The Iranian-Syrian- Lebanese cooperation, which led to the IDF withdrawal from south Lebanon, will also lead to the liberation of Palestine." Verification: An interview to Al Safir, (21 March 2001).

Evidence #12: In a meeting with the heads of the Palestinian opposition organizations Iranian Leader, Khamenei said, "One must not think that the elimination and destruction of the Zionist regime, despite the powers’ support and their advanced weaponry, is an impossibility." Verification: Iranian TV (26 April 2001).

Evidence #13: Supreme Leader Khamenei refers to Israel as a "cancerous tumor" that must be cut out. Verification: Khamenei’s speech text, 2003.

Evidence #14: "I have already explained that the establishment of the exploitive State of Israel constitutes a great danger to Islam and the Islamic states…Since danger faces Islam, it is imperative that the Islamic state in particular, and the Moslems in general, remove this germ of corruption in all possible ways. We should not be content with the practical aid given for this purpose, but permission is granted to transfer resources from zakat and other Moslem charity funds for this purpose" The Imam Khomeini. Verification: Published by the Information Ministry of the Syrian Arab Republic, 2001, p.120.

Evidence #15: "Iran has decided to increase its financial aid to some organizations that oppose peace efforts in the Middle East. Iran has allocated a special budget for the support of some Palestinian groups who lost their sources of funding when the Soviet Union and the communist bloc collapsed, and when Libya stopped providing material support to the Palestinian organizations." "A source very close to the Revolutionary Guards said that the leader of the [Palestinian] Islamic Jihad Movement, Ramadan Salah, had visited Iran last week heading a large delegation that included the Islamic Jihad leadership, Hamas representatives, and Ahmad Jibril, leader of the PFLP – General Command, to participate in a symposium held in Tehran in support of the Intifada." "The Palestinian Authority was represented by PA Communication Minister Imad Al-Falluji." Verification: Special Dispatch 13. June 2002. Iran Increases Funding and Training for Suicide Bombings; Speeches of Islamic jihad and Hezbollah Leaders in Teheran; Iranian-Palestinian Relations Correspondent 'Ali Nouri Zadeh, of the Saudi London-based Arabic-language daily Al-Sharq Al-Awsat reports from London on recent developments regarding Iranian support of Palestinian organizations: Islamic Jihad, Hamas, and the Palestinian Authority Meet in Iran

Evidence #16: The decision by the European Union to brand the political wing of Hamas as a terrorist group could pave the way for the full inclusion of Hezballah on the EU’s list of terrorist organizations, diplomats say. "We might be getting close to adding Hizbullah, especially as its support for Hamas and Islamic Jihad could make the link between Hizbullah and terrorism," a European diplomat said. The EU list includes what it calls the Hizbullah External Security Organization (ESO), Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya The Kurdish rebel group PKK and Peru’s Shining Path Organisation Palestinian Islamic Jihad Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. Source: "Hizbullah could end up on EU terrorist list. Decision to add Hamas could pave way for Resistance." by Nicholas Blanford. Lebanonwire, September 13, 2003.



Translation of Captured Document

Palestinian National Authority
Preventive Security HQ
General Staff
Date: 31 October 2001

Reference: 2001/10/1200

To the Brother the President Abu Amar [Yasser Arafat], may God protect him.
With the greeting of the homeland.

Subject: The opposition parties are busy working for increasing joint activity.

According to our information, intensive meetings are held in Damascus, in which leaders of the Hamas, the Islamic Jihad, the Popular Front and the Hezbollah take part, in an attempt to increase the joint activities "inside," with financial aid from Iran. This after an Iranian message had been transferred to the Hamas and PIJ leaderships, according to which they must not allow a calming down [of the situation] at this period. The financial aid will be transferred by the Hezbollah in order to escalate the situation in the next few days. What [the opposition parties] have to do now is to carry out suicide attacks against Israeli targets in Gaza, in the West Bank and inside Israel."

For your information
With the greeting of the revolution

Your brother

Jibril Al Rajoub

Notes in Arafat’s handwriting:
At the top of the document:
Distribution list:
Al-Haj Isma’il

Copy of Original Document




Translation of Captured Document

Palestinian Liberation Organization

Palestinian National Authority
Presidential Bureau
10 December 2000

To the President, the General Commander [Yasser Arafat], may God protect him.

Dear Sir,

For your attention, please find reports from brother Amin Al-Hindi [the Head of the General Intelligence] [which arrived] from the Lebanese arena regarding the Hamas movement [Az Al-Din] Al-Qassam.. These reports include the following information:

1. The [Az Al-Din] Al-Qassam has received so far only 400,000 dollars since the beginning of the Intifada. The Battalions are ready to carry out attacks against Israeli targets, [however] the money sent by Mousa Abu Marzuk [of the Hamas political bureau] has not reached its destination.

2. The Hamas movement in Syria published instructions for the [Az Al-Din] Al-Qassam Battalions "inside", according to which they should immediately send a financial situation picture report and a situation assessment of the military squads "inside." [The Hamas leadership in Syria] gave a green light to the military arm HQ to carry out military operations against Israeli military targets, without being committed to any decision of the Hamas’ military arm "inside." The Battalions were also told to distance themselves from the Hamas leaders which are coordinating their activity with the Palestinian Authority.

3. Isma’il Abu Shnab [one the Hamas’ leaders in the Gaza Strip] and Isma’il Hanya [one of the senior Hamas’ leaders in the Gaza Strip, the head of Sheikh Yassin’s bureau] hold contacts with Mousa Abu Marzuk [of the Hamas’ political bureau. He was in Syria when the document was written.]. In addition, Sheikh Jamal Salem [one of the Hamas’ leaders in Nablus, died in an IDF preventive action in July 2001) holds contacts with Imad Al-Almi [the head of the Hamas’ "inside" committee and the Hamas representative in Syria]. There is a real crisis in the Hamas due to the lack of coordination and previous organizational disputes.

4. The Moslem religious sages, Al-Jama’a Al-Islamiya, Afif Nabalsi and the Hamas agreed that this year charity [Al-Zakat] donations would be transferred to the Palestinian people, and that the Hamas movement would distribute it "inside", without the involvement of the Palestinian Authority.

5. The collected money [the zakat donations?] will not be sent to the PA, but deposited in the accounts of Osama [Abu] Hamdan [the Hamas representative in Lebanon] and Khaled Mishal [the head of the Hamas’ political bureau, resides outside the PA]. [Part of this money] will be also allocated to support the Hamas’ military arm "inside."

6. The Palestinian opposition factions received an Iranian check of 700,000 dollars. This sum was not included in their general budget. Iran agreed to allocate money to the Al Aqsa [Intifada] casualties belonging to these factions, who would die as martyrs [istishhadun] during the carrying out of military attacks against Israel.


On the document there are:
A stamp:
The General Police Department
The Bethlehem District Police
The Administration and the Organization

Date: 12 December 2000
Reference: 2140
In handwriting, in black ink:

The Police Security
In handwriting:

To be distributed to all the [police] stations, the directorates and the sections.

Copy of Original Document



PART VI: prove that Iran’s current governmental situation is unstable, due to conflict between the Mullahs and elected officials, and thus cannot be relied upon.

Evidence #1: "Uncompromising, destructive policies have persisted" in Iran despite the efforts of reformists. Verification: President George W. Bush in a written statement relayed into Iran July 12 on Voice of America radio.

Evidence #2: Real power in the country remains vested in ruling mullahs, who of late have taken to shutting down opposition newspapers and jailing student demonstrators.

Verification: 1. Air Force Association (AFA) December 2002, Vol. 85, No. 12, 2."The Blood of Iranians_ fighting our way to regime change", by Koorosh Afshar. 3. "Students Protests reveal weakness of Iranian Regime", by Fred Weston. Idaho independent media center (Wednesday June 25, 2003)

Evidence #3: "The unelected hard-liners have consistently been able to checkmate reformists and maintain hard-line rule," Which proves that Iran is not truly a democratic nation, but a one ruled by Islamic extremists that do not allow citizens to express their views without dire consequences. Verification: Zalmay Khalilzad, National Security Council senior director for Southwest Asia, the Near East, and North Africa and special envoy to Afghanistan, in a speech on Iran policy given Aug. 2.

Evidence #4: "I admit that there is a sort of hopelessness in our society," Verification: Iranian President Khatami stated publicly this summer.

Evidence #5: He, President Khatami, complained in late May that currently, "the Guardians Council has limited the presidential powers to an extent that in certain respects the authority of the president is not much less than that of an ordinary citizen," Verification: IRNA reported on 23 May.

Evidence #6: The student protests that began in Iran on June 9th, have revealed how little support is left for the Islamic regime among not only the students and the workers, but also large layers of the middle class. During student riots, students would shout: "No more Khatami, not Khomeini, not Rafsanjani… Total separation of religion from state… towards a secular democracy…". In fact, the crowds have been shouting slogans such as: "Death to Khomeini" and calling for end to Islamic rule. Verification: 1."The Blood of Iranians fighting our way to regime change", by Koorosh Afshar. 2. "Students Protests reveal weakness of Iranian Regime", by Fred Weston. Idaho independent media center (WeJune 25, 2003)

Evidence #7: "Iran these days is going through an extremely sensitive and critical political phase. According to Western diplomatic sources and Arab political circles in London. This serious situation might lead to an outbreak of bloody confrontations that could at a later stage develop into civil war. Verification: Ain Al-Yaqeen Arabic Newspaper (January 21st, 1999)

Evidence #8: "The conflict broke out and took on more serious dimensions with an escalating series of assassinations, of which a number of moderate politicians, writers, and intellectuals have been victims. Verification: Ain Al-Yaqeen Arabic Newspaper (January 21st, 1999)

Evidence #9: "The head of the universal Catholic Church should not receive the ruler of Iran even if he is described as more moderate than the conservative clerics. John Paul II should help our people the same way he expressed his solidarity with the Polish people under communist totalitarianism. Verification: Conservative News Service (CNS) (March 9th, 1999) from a statement by the National Council of the Iranian Resistance, a grouping of secular and moderate organizations opposed to the Islamic regime in Tehran regarding Khatami’s meeting with Pope John Paul II.


Part VII: prove that any statement of Iran (a) cannot be taken seriously and (b) even if taken seriously, cannot be relied upon due to Part IV.

Evidence #1: Iran has said it supports Afghan President Hamid Karzai's government. But it has also sent forces associated with its Revolutionary Guards over the border into Afghanistan and appears to be supporting some regional leaders without Karzai's knowledge or consent. Verification: Air Force Association (AFA) December 2002, Vol. 85, No. 12

Evidence #2: "We genuinely fear that this contract is another form of bribery intending to waste the resources of the destitute Iranian Nation. This is a ploy by the Islamic republic to appease the sheikdoms of UAE in order to stop their claims to the 3 forever owned Islands of Iran, and to feign a friendship with them such as the ones they enjoy with Syria."

Evidence #3: The Iranian military official wrote in the visitors' book, according to KCNA, that "thanks to the wise leadership of Kim Il-Sung, the people and the army of the DPRK could achieve a brilliant victory in the war." In reference to North Korea’s nuclear weapons. Verification: Joint conference, US-UK

Evidence #4: "…the Iranian president, Khatami, is incompetent." Verification: an article published by the Student Movement Coordination Committee for Democracy in Iran (SMCCDI) on Apr. 26th 2003

Evidence #5: "We, the true representatives of Iran, resent that the head of the regime which is butchering freedom and liberties is going to be welcomed by the same prestigious leader who fought hard against the former Soviet Union." Verification: Conservative News Service (CNS) (March 9th, 1999) from a statement by the National Council of the Iranian Resistance, a grouping of secular and moderate organizations opposed to the Islamic regime in Tehran regarding Khatami’s meeting with Pope John Paul II.

Evidence #6: Although the Iranian government formally announced two weeks ago that it will formally sign the "Additional Protocol", it has not yet. It has made this very same announcement several times before, but this was the most recent. And there has been growing inclination by the government to not sign it. Khomeini, the ruling Islamic cleric, refuses to sign without the satisfaction of specific conditions to be carried out by the NPT. Khatami, the Iranian president announces on and off that they will sign it, and then that they need to think about it more. Ayatollah Ahmad Jannati, the Secretary of the Guardian Council (GC) said Iran should not sign the Protocol, and he called on the authorities to consider withdrawing from the NPT completely! However, the Islamic Iran Participation Front, the largest political organization of Iran that controls the Majles and backs the embattled President Mohammed Khatami suggested that the government signs the controversial Protocol in order to prevent the formation of an international front against the Islamic Republic. As we can see, there are many conflicting views within Iran. And all of these mentioned above are only from the right Islamist section of the population, and even they aren’t agreeing on it. Imagine how many conflicting views would be entertained if you had both the Islamists and the Reformists. Verification: Iran Press Service (Sept. 21, 2003), Al-Qabas Daily (Nov. 4th, 2003)




Saja Fakhral-deen, Advocate

The first ICJ case ever entertained by a KFSAC MUN event, was held at AIS during the KSAA MUN event in 2003. The case involved the United States of American and the Islamic Republic of Iran. BBS represented the United States, and presented the case with strong efforts and lengthy speeches.

After three hours, the United States concluded its case. They were later questioned by the judges regarding clarification of the details of their case. Iran later started its case, and concluded it after three hours. The United States later rebutted their points. The main rebuttals included the fact that Iran had not defended itself against the accusations as it should have, but instead they just spent their three hours beating around the bush and deviating the whole case to turn it around against the US. The US presented the judges with more than three packs of credible evidence, while Iran presented the judges with a few packs of evidence from bias, unreliable sources. The verdict ruled for the US’s favor, and the US won the case with all the accusations, and all their judgments were met after a minute change in the wording.


Muneera Al-Nibari, Co-Advocate

To participate in the first International Court of Justice (ICJ) in the KSAA event was an overwhelming experience. In the case, which resembles a lawsuit, we were advocates representing the United States of America that was basically suing the Islamic Republic of Iran on charges of terrorism, possession of nuclear weapons, and having an unstable and corrupt government. It was very hard to represent this case since my personal beliefs are nothing like those that I was supposed to represent, but we had to be professionals and work to prove to the jury that we the United States were not spiteful and that we were indeed looking out for the safety of all nations and that Iran is a threat.

This was hard to prove as the other side took to trying to make the jury feel animosity for us rather than look at the solid evidence that we had presented. Then after hours of the judges debating they came to a unanimous decision on Iran being guilty of all the claims and thus making them facts rather than accusations we also get all of our judgments with only minor changes. All in all the International Court of Justice was a riveting experience and I would recommend that anyone who gets the chance to try participating in the ICJ.