Event: Pearl-MUN 2004
Student: Abdulaziz Al-Qatami
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First of all, Bulgaria is a parliament and a democratic country. Here are the important political parties in Bulgaria. Bulgarian Socialist Party or BSP (Sergei STANISHEV), Coalition for Bulgaria or CfB (coalition of parties dominated by BSP), (Sergey STABISHEV), Internal Macedonian Revolution Organization or VMRO (Krasimir KARKACHANOY), Movement for Rights and Freedoms or MRF (Ahmed Dogan), National Movement for Simeon II or NMS2 (Simeon SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA), Union of Free Democrats or UFD (Stefan Sofiyanski), united Democratic Forces or utdDF (a coalition between the UDF and other central- right parties).
Following the deep changes in Eastern Europe in November 1989 Zhivkov was expelled from power and replaced by his foreign minister Petar Mladenar as Head of state and Communist party leader. The government of Dimiter Popov (1990-1991) was the first headed by a non-communist in the post war history. In 1990 the leader of the non-communist union of democratic forces (UDF), Dr. Zeliu Zhelev was voted president by the Grand National Assembly. In January 1991, Rr. Jhelev won a popular presidential vote served as Head of state till 1996. In the last presidential elections held in 1996 Petar Stoyanov won with an overwhelming majority.
Bulgaria is a country in south Eastern Europe. Mountains rise near the coast and stretch west towards the capital, Sofia. More than half of all Bulgarians are present farmers. Bulgaria borders the black sea and between Romania and Turkey. Also, Bulgaria has lowlands plane, low hills, high and low mountains, valleys, rivers, and deep canyons. Another information to include is that Bulgaria is hilly and mountainous. It has many rivers but the main ones are Danube, the second largest river in Europe, Marista, Kamchiya, and the there are many ponds but the main ones are Alepou, Arkountino, Pomorie, and the lakes are Belosalv, Bourgas, Varna, and Shabla. Bulgaria is famous of many things and the main part is that it has many mountains such as, the Rhodope Mountains, Vasilyovaska Mountains, Stara Plaini, and Troyan- Kalofer Mountain- Botev Peak.
Many farmers in Bulgaria grow cereals, fruit, cotton, and fine tobacco. Among the country’s most important exports are wine and attar of roses (rose oil) for perfume making. There are also a number of important industries, including steel, coal, chemicals, refined petroleum, base metals, chemical products, and engineering, which account for two-thirds of Bulgaria’s exports.
Bulgaria has 7,537,029 people. The major religions in Bulgaria are Bulgarian Orthodox (83.8%), Muslim (12.1%), Roman Catholic (1.7%), Jewish (0.1%), Protestant, Gregorian- Armenian, and other. There are many languages spoken in Bulgaria but the important languages are Bulgarian. Also, there are many ethnic groups that are Bulgarian (83.6%), Turk (9.5%), Roma (4.6%), other (2.3%) – (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tater, and Circassian). The most common fight between ethnic groups is a country called Turks or Turkey because Turkey made a war with Bulgaria and finally Bulgaria was independent on 3rd March 1878.
Bulgaria often trades their own products into the world. Also Bulgaria, a former communist country striving to enter the European Union, has experienced macroeconomics stability and strong growth since a major economic down turn in 1996 led to fall of the committed to economic reform and responsible fiscal planning. A $300 million standby agreement negotiated with the IMF at the end of 2001 has supported government efforts to overcome high rates of poverty and unemployment. Bulgaria’s monetary system is lev, 1 lev that equals to 100 stotinki. Also, here is a percentage to the trade partners- Exporting = Italy 15.5%, Germany 9.6%, Turkey 9.4%, Greece 9.2%, France 5.3 %, and the US 4.8%/ Importing = Russia 14.6%, Germany 14.4%, Italy 11.4%, Greece 6.1%, France 5.7% and Turkey 5%. On the other hand, Bulgaria exports many things for example, clothes, footwear, iron and steal, machinery and equipment, and fuels. While Bulgaria imports a lot of stuff, like, fuels, minera
Actually, Bulgaria is a country that encourages young people to the army. Here is a fact that Bulgaria encourages young people to join to the army, the military branches, and military man power (people go to the army from age 15 to 49). To go deep on military branches, Bulgaria has a branch called the Air and Air Defense Forces (subordinate ‘secondary’ to Ministry of Defense), (subordinate ‘secondary’ to Ministry of Interior), Civil defense Forces (subordinate to the president). Meanwhile the military expenditures are 344 million dollars and the percent of GDP: 2.7%.
Views on World Problems:
Bulgaria is a country that has many allies and some enemies. Well, the allies are the European Union (exactly all the countries in Europe) and the USA. Bulgaria has a good relation between Russia, Germany, Italy, Greece, and France because these are the countries that export and imports in Bulgaria. At the other hand, the most important enemy was Turkey but now Bulgaria exports and imports here products with Turkey. Bulgarians hated Turkey because Turkey made a war with Bulgaria and gained its independence on 3rd March 1878. Also, Bulgaria made foreign relations with Balkan neighbors. Bulgaria does with the UN a lot of things, like helping to solve their problems. At the other hand, Bulgaria has many organizations; well the most important organization is for refugees, which is called the BAR (Bulgaria Agency of Refugees).
For nearly 500 years Bulgaria was part of the Turkish Ottoman Empire. The period between 1912 and 1944 was full of irredentist wars and internal political disorder. By 1900, two countries called Serbia and Greece were the major protective rivals, but a World War I agreement with Germany became a friend with Bulgaria. During 1948 through 1989 were a time called the time of collectivization and had many important things happened such as human rights, and demanded to stop the "Soviet Cold- War policy".
Collective power ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first cooperative election since World War II and began the touchy process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combination increase, unemployment, dishonesty, and crime. Today, reforms and democratization keep Bulgaria on a path toward eventual addition into NATO and the EV- with which it began succession cooperation in 2000.
1. AIDS and HIV
Bulgaria is a country that has many important and risky issues. Well, the issue I was given is the general drugs, the other rights of displaced people, and finally the trade of nuclear weapons. As I said in my country profile that Bulgaria is the neighbors of Greece, Turkey, and Romania. The most common and general drugs are illegal drugs. Well, as you can see that South America sells Bulgaria some drugs that are illegal. Also, I would like to talk about the percentage of these two diseases AIDS and the HIV. Well, in Bulgaria is a country who has a low percentage of AIDS and HIV, the percentage is 0.1% (please note that this number was calculated in 2001). Also, the government of health said that 346 people in 2001 got infected by AIDS and HIV and also, recorded that 100 people died from AIDS and HIV. The country can conference with the Model United Nation in New York so they could solve their problem and discuss and the other countries for example maybe Greece
2. Issue of WOMD
An extreme thing that I would like to note as that the Model United Nation is conferences for all countries that are independent solve their problem, it’s a community to help the world to be in peace place. Also, Bulgaria can ask one other ally for help. For example, Bulgaria may ask the United States of America for help, because the USA helps other poor countries or the countries that lack money in the government. From drugs to nuclear weapons, I found out that in Turkey it paid 8.1 billion dollars to get military equipment it may contain guns or rockets. Bulgaria fears with other countries of have nuclear weapons because it may attack Bulgaria. Not only Bulgaria is afraid but all the world who knows that country has some nuclear weapon then the government will be nervous because people in the country will be afraid and may displace them selves. To prove that the neighbors of Bulgaria are safe is that Romania announced herself that she’s a country who can’t de
3. Issues of Displaced Persons
Traveling to another country to the other might be fun but if you stay and live in another country it won’t good as when you felt that your country is the best home ever. Also, many people immigrating out of the country can cause a huge damage for the country. Bulgaria is a country that has problems with that issue because at the end of 2001 Bulgaria said about 2900 refugees. People who are displaced, means that people who live in another country. Some 2,900 Bulgarians, most of who were believed to be Roma, sought refuge in other European countries during 2001, up slightly from 2,690 in 2000.
Submitted by: Bulgaria Delegate: Abdulaziz Al- Qatami Issue: The issue of the rights of displaced people.
Defining: displaced people crisis results from conflict, families, or even natural disaster, such as drought,
Aware that every year, hundreds of thousands of people are forced to get out of their homes to escape conflict, family, or drought,
According to the UN, in 1969 there was 75 million people displaced, 120 million people displaced, including refugees in 1990, 18 million people were displaced in 1993, 14 million in 1996 and finally, in 2004 there were 28 million people displaced,
Deeply concerned that the cause of displace people is to enable people to return their houses and businesses is a key toward economic growth,
Taking Note that ending displaced people is not an easy task, after decades, displaced communities are often resettled in unfamiliar territory,
Supports that this organization’s aim is to support displaced people and local communities to become independent,
Deeply disappointed that displaced people leave with nothing more than a few belongings, they have no benefit and no means to earn a living. Their lives are upside down – they have lost their home, their live and often their family members,
Keeping in mind that a "Man was born free and he is everywhere in chains".
Nothing with regret that millions of families with children have been floating worldwide from country to country,
1) Declares that there is a sub organization called the WRDPO;
2) Affirms that the ODAR (Organization of Displaced and Refugees) that it will build houses and shelters from the ODAR. Also, this organization will bring all the equipment needed such as bringing specialized people who hammer, bring woods, and making a safe shelter;
3) Encourages any country that is financially capable has all the equipment to build houses and to try their best to cover as much as they can so they can’t be any refugees;
4) Further notes that the ODAR will not treat people who are financially capable of building houses (this organization’s aim is to help poor countries that need shelter and houses);
5) Designates that for any displaced people is to be treated by the ODAR and will have to carry the following steps: A. Whenever a country is having displaced people crisis and refugees, the chair members will decide if the problem is serious enough to take in action, B. The architects (people who study buildings) will thoroughly check the houses and buildings more than once to check if it’s safe to let people living in it, C. Check if the country is financially capable of paying the shelter and home equipment, D. If the country is not financially capable of paying for the treatment, the ODAR will provide the country with the latest equipment as needed;
6) Confirms that the ODAR will hire sources equipment and transpiration to carry the equipment from one country to the other (wood, cement, steal, and trucks for transporting the equipment);
7) Resolves the ODAR will do the following for the countries that do not have the slightest of displace people, or refugees: A. Check if the country can afford to buy equipment for building shelters and houses, B. If it cannot afford the ODAR will buy the equipment from the closest country or one of her allies and to transport it to the country that needs it, C. Offer free check up for if the shelters are damaging or need to replace;
8) Further resolves that the ODAR will do the following for a group of countries that are having problems sharing equipment for shelters: A. Offer the counties with contracts and sign them that allow the ODAR to take action and help the poor countries, B. Bring a representative from each country to explain to the ODAR their problems and the ODAR would solve them as soon as possible, C. The ODAR will divide the equipment equally to each country that as needed, D. The ODAR will make sure that once the equipment is equally divided then these countries will not violate each other;
9) Confirms that if anyone who destroys government properties will lead a high penalty punishment and the Security Council will take action.
Bulgaria, the country that some people call home! Bulgaria is a country in south Eastern Europe. It’s a democrat country and was independent in 1878. The river Danube marks most of its northern border with Romania. Mountains rise near the coast and stretch west towards the capital, Sofia. More than half if all Bulgarians are farmers. Most Bulgarians live in neat, tiled houses built of wood or brick. They grow their own food and live on mostly bread, beans, vegetables, and yogurt.
Bulgaria is trying to solve three issues, which are, the issue of the rights of displaced people, the issue of the rights in the availability of generic drugs, and the issue of the trade of nuclear and other WOMD. Well, for generic drugs, there are trying to solve the number of AIDS and the HIV, which was counted in 2001 that 364 people died in that year. Well, at the issue of displaced people, in 2000, there were 2,690 people were displaced plus the refugees.