Colombia

Event: Pearl-MUN 2004

Student: Hashim Hassan




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The Colombian National Anthem




Colombia


 

Country Profile

 

Political Structure:

Colombia's conventional long form name is Republic of Colombia and conventional short form name is Colombia, from its name we can observe that its government is republican. Colombia's Administrative divisions are made up of 32 departments and 1 capital district its capital is Bogota.

Colombia has three major Political Parties which include Conservative Party which is lead by Carlos Holguin Sardi, Liberal Party who is lead by Piedad Cordoba and Juan Manuel Lopez Cabrales, and Colombian Communist Party who are lead by Jaime Caicedo. Colombia has about 60 formally known political parties but most of which do not have presence in congress.

It uses the Spanish law system, Colombia's national holiday is on Day, 20 July which was that date it gained its independence from Spain.

 

Geography:

Columbia's land boundaries are with Brazil, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. Colombia lays at Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean. Columbia's total land is 1,138,910 sq. km; its climate is tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands. It is mostly made of flat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowland plains.

 

Natural Resources:

Major natural recourses in Colombia are petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, and coffee. It is a major distributor or coffee and gold.

 

Cultural Factors:

Colombia has a population of 41,662,073 which a truly large number compared to many countries. Its ethnic groups are made up of mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%. 90% of the populations are Roman Catholic but the other 10% are different religions but there is no current religious conflicts in Colombia.

 

Economy:

The GDP which the total market values of goods and services by produced by workers and capital within Colombia $251.6 billion. Colombia has a budget of $24 billion to spend most of its money is made from textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds. Colombia's makes $12.9 billion on its exports to trade partners US 44.8%, Venezuela 9.4%, Ecuador 6.8%.

Colombia's economy is developing throughout the years because only demand is increasing. The Colombian monetary system is the Colombian peso (COP) its exchange rate against the dollar in the past years Colombian pesos per US dollar - 2,504.24 (2002), 2,299.63 (2001), 2,087.9 (2000), 1,756.23 (1999), 1,426.04 (1998).

 

Defense:

Colombian Military is made of five branches the army, navy, coast guard, air force, and the National police. The military is made up of 392,468 men with a budget of $3.3 billion.

Colombia is a major importer of weapons because of it great internal conflicts.

 

Views on World Problems:

Colombia has many allies one of the greatest one is the US which is one of the countries that help it most but other allies are Venezuela, and Ecuador. Nicaragua filed a claim against Honduras in 1999 and against Colombia in 2001 at the ICJ over disputed maritime boundary involving 50,000 sq. km in the Caribbean Sea, including the Archipelago de San Andres y Providencia and Quita Sueno Bank; maritime boundary dispute with Venezuela in the Gulf of Venezuela; Colombian drug activities penetrate Peruvian border area

 

History:

Colombia is currently struggling with drugs because it a major producer many attempts to stop there struggle with drugs were unsuccessful it is a major coca, opium poppy, and cannabis; world's leading coca cultivator (cultivation of coca in 2002 was 144,450 hectares, a 15% decline since 2001).

 

 

 

Policy Statement


Issue # 1: The issue of the rights and availability of generic drugs:

A generic drug is identical, or bioequivalent to a brand name drug in dosage form, safety, strength, quality, performance characteristics and intended use. And they are usually used for poor and less developed countries that can not buy the original medicine usually countries like Africa are mostly in need of generic drugs. But drug companies must submit an abbreviated new drug application (ANDA) for approval to market a generic product.

Colombia is very much against generic drugs entering its market it is choosing to delay the import of generic drugs and a 50% increase in normal drugs because of its need of money.

 

Issue # 2: The issue of the rights of displaced people:


Many wars problems and violence has been revolving around the globe which is leading to displaced people. Displaced people are people who are forced to leave there land because of a or mismanaged country or internal problems. Colombia believes in giving refugee to displaced people but in Colombia most of its people are displaced Official government data already register one million of internally displaced people, while unofficial statistics estimate the figure to be as high as 3 million.

Besides relocating within Colombia, the displaced people flee to neighboring countries, such as Panama or Ecuador, where 16000 Colombians have sought asylum.

 

Issue # 2: The issue of the trade of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction:

Weapons of mass destruction posed the greatest threat to human survival .Weapons of mass destruction are usually weapons that are produced to create more damage fear chaos between countries these weapons usually can kill millions on people instantly countries use the term survival of the fittest when it comes to weapons of mass destruction they make them and keep them to make other countries fear them. Colombia is a country which is 100% against WOMD (Weapons of Mass Destruction) because Colombia believes that it would create great damage in our world today but it is still questioning why the more powerful countries are able to produce and maintain WOMD and still complain why less capable countries should keep any WOMD.

 

 

 

Resolution

Forum: General Assembly
Delegation: The Republic of Colombia
Question of: The issue of displaced people

Believing that the United Nations Refuge Agency (UHCR) has been trying its best and very important to the issue of displaced people,

Defining Displaced people are people that have been driven out of there country because of war terror or were simply forced to leave,

Realizing that the amount of displaced people is constantly increasing

Deeply alarmed by the fact that the increase in the amount of displaced people in neighboring country will cause a problem

Reminding the almost every developing country has an issue of displaced people or is trying to solve once

Notes with Deep concern that the increase amount of displaced people is causing a panic and great chaos in some developing countries,

1. Advises that countries try there best to insure shelter for there people;

2. Urges UNHCR to help proved the following the countries that are struggling with the issue of displaced people:
A. all countries struggling will be helped,
B. 20 experts in this issue will research the proper action,
C. all suggestions by the experts will be executed immediately;

3. Simply Noticing the greater nations taking these deceptiions based on there own greed while discarding the people of smaller countries;

4. Resolves all country going through this crisis must :
A. declare there need for help
B. find quick solutions to decrease the problem
C. try there best to solve it.

 

 

 

Opening Speech