Links to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2003-2004 Team page
Denmark is a constitutional and hereditary monarchy, governed under a constitution of 1953. Margrethe II is the queen of the monarchy. National executive power is supposedly vested in the Danish sovereign, but the real head of government is the prime minister. The prime minister, appointed by the sovereign, must have the support of a majority of the government. The major political parties in Denmark include: the Social Democratic Party, the Liberal Party; the Conservative People’s Party; the Socialist People’s Party; and the Danish People’s Party.
The political truce broke down immediately after the end of the First World War and the Opposition, which then consisted of the Liberals and the Conservative People’s Party, demanded that the regulations were put an end to. The government hesitated, however, because of the delicate social balance and the fear of a post-war crisis. Despite these divisions, a number of land laws were passed in 1919 that changed the system of ownership for the large estates and took over land that was used to set up approximately 6,000 small holdings.
Denmark is located in Europe. Its bordering countries are Netherlands, Germany, and Sweden. On the west side lays the North Sea and on the east lays the Baltic Sea. Besides the peninsula of Jutland, Denmark consists of 406 islands and islets. Denmark's highest point is a hill called Yding Skovhoj.
Denmark’s capital is Copenhagen The population is 0.5 million in Copenhagen and 1.8 million in the Copenhagen Region. There are other cities like Aarhus, which consist of 289,000 people, Odense, which consist of 184,000 people, and Aalborg, which consist of 162,000 people.
The natural resources from the North Sea include: oil and gas, fish. Greenland’s include: fish and shrimp, potential for hydrocarbons and minerals, including zinc, lead, molybdenum, uranium, gold, platinum. The Faroe Islands include: fish and potential for hydrocarbons. Denmark exports many things, but the natural resources that are exported only cover 5% of the exports. These natural resources are exported to around 67% of EU countries. The major resources are oil and fish.
Currently Denmark’s population is made up of 5.38 billion. Denmark consists of four ethnic groups, which are Scandinavian, German, Inuit, Faroese. 84.3% of the people in Denmark are Evangelical Lutheran and the rest are Catholics, Jews, Muslims, or other Protestant denominations.
Danish language is taken from the German language. Danes pride themselves on being modern. So wearing folk costumes, celebrating traditional festivals and clinging to old-fashioned customs is less common in Denmark than in most other European countries. Danes are found to be relaxed and casual. Denmark is known for their delicious pastries. You can find a bakery on almost every street!
The Danish economy is a very small and also very open economy. So, Denmark is greatly dependent on foreign trade, which amounts to approximately two-thirds of the total GDP. The GDP currently is $172 billion and the annual growth rate is 1.6%. The Per Capita income is $32,079.
Their exports are worth $56.1 billion. The majority of the exports include manufactured goods and agricultural products. Their imports are worth $48.8 billion. The majority of the imports include raw materials and semi-manufacturers, consumer goods, and capital equipment. Denmark has consistently worked for liberalization of world trade, i.a in the WTO, the OECD and the EU. Germany is clearly the most important bilateral trading partner, but Sweden and Great Britain, are also of importance. Outside the EU, Denmark trades especially with Norway, the USA and Japan. Denmark’s currency is the Danish Krone.
Danish defense is made up of the navy, army, and air force, which all include women. The army contains 1 divisional and 7 military region headquarters. It has a large amount of armored vehicles and weapons. It’s made up of 13,000 soldiers. The navy and air force also have a large amount of weapons and transportation (planes, helicopters, tanks). The navy consists of 4,060 soldiers and the air force consists of 5,000 soldiers.
A new situation was clearly reflected in a 1993 Act establishing that with permission from the UN or the OSCE, the defense forces will contribute to operations maintaining peace or seeking to prevent conflict. The Danish defense forces are empowered to take part in the alliance's crisis control in distant parts with forces sufficient to demonstrate the solidarity of alliance members through their presence in a country under threat.
Views on World Problems
Denmark is obviously a friendly country since it has no enemies and plenty of allies. Its allies include European countries like Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland, France, Sweden, England and more. Also the United States is an ally to Denmark.
Today, Denmark has flexibility in promoting a wide collection of priorities and concerns in foreign policy. Denmark's ambition is to work actively to promote democracy, human rights, sustainable development, economic stability as well as peace and security in the world that surrounds us. The development of stable, peaceful, and democratic structures in our immediate surroundings as well as in geographically more distant regions
Denmark is part of many organizations and cooperation. Including the United Nations, NATO, the EU, and Nordic cooperation. Denmark also is a member of the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund; the World Trade Organization; the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe; the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development; the Council of Europe; the Nordic Council; the Baltic Council; and the Barents Council.
In 1397 the Kalmar Union was established, combining Denmark, Norway, and Sweden in a union under the power of the Danish Queen Margeret I. The union lasted until Sweden broke away in 1523. Denmark and Norway remained united until 1814. Norway’s former North Atlantic possessions, Greenland, Iceland, and the Faroe Islands remain part of the Danish Kingdom until this day with the exception of Iceland, which declared its independence in 1944. Denmark didn’t play a big part in World War I or World War II because it was neutral. 1940, the beginning of World War II, Denmark was invaded by Germany until it was liberated in 1945 by Allied forces. After being liberated, in the same year, they became part of the United Nations.
Issue # 1: Generic Drugs
A generic drug is a copy of a brand name drug whose patent has expired. The original manufacturer of a drug receives a patent on the drug and is the only manufacturer who can produce and sell the drug during this patent period. Once the patent expires, other manufacturers may produce and sell the drug. These manufacturers usually sell the drug under its common or generic name. Poor countries need generic drugs to cure their people’s diseases and sicknesses.
Denmark has a high proportion of generic drugs in the market. The Danish government directs doctors to consider costs when prescribing drugs. In order to help doctors and patients to choose the cheapest drugs, a scheme to favor generic substitution; the ‘G scheme’, has been in force since 1991. The general rule is that pharmacists should dispense generic drugs unless the prescribing doctor has marked on the prescription that the prescribed drug is the one that should be dispensed. Patients are permitted to refuse substitution.
Issue # 2: Displaced People
1.2 billion people around the world live in poverty. From these 1.2 billion, some are people displaced by conflict and natural disasters. Displaced people are in other words refugees; people who are forced to leave their home or country due to war or political oppression.
Denmark’s government says governments must make clear commitments to improve the possibilities for the displaced population. They must provide the necessary supportive policy, institutional and legal framework. They also must guarantee the rights of the individual accountable institutions and good governance that is necessary to facilitate the efforts of promoting the potentials of the displaced people.
Issue # 3: Trade of Weapons of Mass Destruction
Mass destructive weapons are weapons in arms control usage that are capable of a high order of destruction and being used in such a manner to destroy large numbers of people. Nowadays, countries trade these weapons with other countries and are used to demolish countries and their citizens.
Denmark’s government urges the states of the region to dedicate themselves to efforts to develop peaceful and friendly relations, with a view to creating a secure and stable environment for all states in the region, thereby rendering possible the establishment of a zone free from all weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery in the Middle East.
Defining "Generic Drugs" as a copy of a brand name drug whose patent has expired and once it expires, other manufacturers may produce and sell the drug for a cheaper price.
Aware that numerous countries around the world are too poor to provide their citizens with generic drugs to cure their diseases and sicknesses,
Confident that dispensing generic drugs to poor countries will make a vast change in the number of sick people,
Deeply concerned that Africa is not receiving a great amount of generic drugs,
Welcoming the fact that many countries are supporting generic drugs,
Alarmed by countries who are against and not willing to provide the less fortunate countries with generic drugs,
1. Declares that the UN is forming a new organization specifically specializing in generic drugs (UNGDO) United Nations Generic Drugs Organization;
2. Affirms that the UNGDO will be made up of 25 designated UN members, and 10 head appointed professional doctors;
3. Notes that the main headquarters will be in close proximity to the UN headquarters in New York and the sub headquarters will be selected later on;
4. Confirms that members will decide where the head quarters should be depending on countries in need;
5. Declares that the UNGDO will purchase the generic drugs needed to give out to governments;
6. Affirms that the UNGDO will meet monthly to discuss countries that are in need and give the governments the amount of generic drugs it needs;
7. Resolves that if any countries need more or a special type of generic drug they should not hesitate to contact the UNGDO, and the UNGDO will directly send the generic drugs that they need;
8. Notes that the doctors in the UNGDO will constantly research and experiment to create generic drugs for AIDS and other diseases which still have no cure;
9. Further Resolves that if hearing any information regarding countries that are not dispensing generic drugs to their citizens will result with the following A. Members of the UNGDO will diplomatically convince countries to give out the generic drugs provided, B. A group of members of the UNGDO will actually travel to the country itself and give out the generic drugs to the hospitals;
10. Reminds that no generic drug can be established until the patent of the generic drug has expired.
Once roamed by Vikings and later became a major north European power, Denmark has developed into a modern country that is participating in the general political and economic integration of Europe. Currently it is a monarchy ruled by Queen Margrette II and also under command by the prime minister.
Denmark is a friendly and neutral country. As you can see, it didn’t take part in neither World War I nor World War II, and backed out of the crisis in Iraq. Denmark is a peaceful country, which wants the elimination of any types of weapons to make our dangerous world today, a peaceful one tomorrow.