Country: Federal Republic of Germany
Event: Pearl-MUN 2004
Student: Nezar Al-Essa
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18th January 1871 Germany was united and was independent. The government structure is a constitutional republic. The government type of Germany is a Federal Republic similar to the USA. There are three main branches in Germany that are: the Executive Branch, Judicial Branch and the Legislative Branch. In the executive Branch a president is elected every five years and is now President Johannes. The prime minister is the head of government with most authority. The main political parties are: Social-democratic Party (SDP), The Greens, and Christian Democratic Union. (CDU), Christian Social Union (CSU), Free Democratic Party (FDP), Party of Democratic Socialism. (PDS), German Peopleís Party. (DVU), The Republikaner, The National Democratic Party. (NPD)
There were many internal political conflicts and here they are with there names, year, and type. The Kiel Mutiny conflict in 1918. The type was Naval Mutiny/Revolution. The German Revolution in 1918-1919. The type was Anti-Monarchy Revolution. The Bavarian Revolution from Nov. 7, 1918 to May 1, 1919. The type of Communist Revolution. Anti-Nazi Resistance from 1933 to 1945. The type was Underground Partisan Resistance. Germany has a national holiday, which is the Unity Day 3rd October 1990.
Germany is a country in Northern Europe. Not only that, Germany is a country with mountains, hills and valleys. The Alps are in the south of Germany, the low parts are in the north, and the high parts are located in the center. Most important rivers: Rhine, north; Elbe, northwest; and Danube, southeast. The bordering countries of Germany are: Denmark, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Switzerland, Austria, Czech Republic, and Poland. Lake Constance (Bodensee), which covers an area of 538.7 square kilometers is the biggest. In Germany the total distance is 357,021 sq. km. It is then separated into, land that occupies 349,223m sq. km, water that occupies 7,798 sq. km. It has a coastline of 2,389 km, which is divided by the Baltic Sea and the North Sea; therefore, on of its problems are flooding.
The most important natural resources are oil, natural gas, hard coal, nuclear energy, lignite, hydra, wind, solar, others. It only exports oil and natural gas. Germany also has agriculture product some of them are barley, fruits, wheat, sugar beats.
The population of Germany is 81,338,000. The population make up of Germany are 95.1% Germans, 2.3% Turkish, 1.7% Italian, 0.4% Greek, and 0.4% Polish; remainder 1.1% mainly refugees from former Yugoslavia. The religions are Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 37%, and other 18%. Protestants are, 30 million; Roman Catholics, 28.2 million; Muslims, 2.5 million; free churches, 195,000; and Jews, 34,000. The Languages in Germany are: Standard German; three very small linguistic minorities, which speak Sorbing, Danish, or Freshen. The ethnic minorities in Germany are Jews, Gypsies, Poles, Turks, and Sorbs.
The German relations with the Turks are very tense, because of there number. Policy Statements of Germany.
Ranking third in terms of total economic output, Germany is one of the worldís leading nations. With regard to world trade it places second. The country continues to be an attractive market for foreign investors, offering a superbly developed infrastructure and a highly motivated, well-qualified work force. Top-notch research and development projects are additional hallmarks of the country. Five years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, progress towards economic integration between eastern and western Germany is clearly visible, yet the eastern region almost certainly will remain dependent on subsidies funded by western Germany until well into the next century.
The staggering $390 billion in western German assistance that the eastern states have received since 1990 - 40 times the amount in real terms of US Marshall Fund aid sent to West Germany after World War II is just beginning to have an impact on the eastern German standard of living, which plummeted after unification. Assistance to the east continues to run at roughly $100 billion annually. Although the growth rate in the east was much greater than in the west in 1993-94, eastern GDP per capita nonetheless remains well below reunification levels; it will take 10-15 years for the eastern states to match western Germany's living standards.
Germany has 15 main trade partners that are: France, United States, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Italy, Austria, Belgium, Switzerland, Denmark, Czech Republic, Japan, Hungary, Sweden, Poland, Spain. Germany is one of the 55 Member States participating in the OSCE include all the states in Europe and the CSCE which they both have prime objectives to include complete security and prevent conflicts. Germany is also in other economic organizations like the United Nations, the NATO to support peace. The GPD of Germany is purchasing power parity which is 2.16$ trillion. Exports give Germany 608$ billion. But the imports give it 487.3$ billion.
Branches: Army, Navy (includes Naval Air Arm), Air Force, Border Police, Coast Guard. Manpower availability: Males from ages 15 to 49: 20,274,127; males fit for military service: 17,472,940; males reach military age (18) annually 428,082.
Defense expenditures: Exchange rate conversion - $40 billion, 1.8% of GNP (1995). The manpower in Germany is 20,509,838 Decisions in Germany on the export of war weapons and other military equipment are mainly based on the Political Principles Governing the Export of War Weapons and Other Military Equipment (Political Principles) of 1982 (amended May 21, 1999) and on the relevant European and international commitments entered into by the German government, and particularly the EU Code of Conduct on Arms Exports. The 1982 Political Principles make a fundamental distinction between exports to NATO countries and to other ("third") countries. The Basic Law provides that weapons designed for warfare may be manufactured, transported or marketed only with the permission of the Federal Government.
Views on World Problems:
Germany will benefit considerably from the enlargement of NATO and the related extension of the zone of stability. Germanyís policy towards Russia contributes to stronger European integration and helps secure stability and peace in the world in a spirit of cooperation. Development aid policy remains a core element of German foreign relations and part of the Federal governmentís political commitment to peace and cooperation based on partnership.
Germany is one of the 55 Member States participating in the OSCE include all the states in Europe and the CSCE which they both have prime objectives to include complete security and prevent conflicts. Germany is also in other economic organizations like the United Nations, the NATO to support peace.Germany highly condemns the idea of the war on Iraq and will not support it. Germany has an excellent relation with France most importantly then other European countries. It has a weak relation with Russia. It is a good friend of Israel therefore, is not strongly related with Arabs.
For most of its history, Germany was not a unified state but a loose association of territorial states that together made up the "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation". It was a long time until the founding of the German Reich in 1871. A Germanic group called the Franks defeated the Romans, who wanted to control the area. In AD800 the great Frankish ruler revived the Roman Empire to Germany. He controlled many lands that moved up to some parts of Italy and France. From then it was called the Holy Roman Empire. Then Martin Luther king appeared with the religion of Protestants. After that Germany was broken into two parts.
The greatest ray of light shone from the freely elected National Assembly, which convened in the Paulskirche in Frankfurt/Main. This combined free democratic wishes with the national wishes shared by a large majority of Germans. On paper it had an exemplary constitution, yet the ministry created by the National Assembly enjoyed no real powers of authority. In the tug of war between a solution for a smaller Germany (without Austria) and a larger Germany (with Austria), the transfer of executive power to Vienna came to nothing given Austriaís demand that all nationalities, including non-German ones, be included in the new German Reich.
Increasing the territories of the German Reich was not enough for Hitler. He wanted more. In March 1939, he ordered German troops to occupy Prague and on September 1 of the same year he unleashed World War II by invading Poland. It lasted five and a half years, killed 55 million people and devastated much of Europe. In many countries the Germans were considered to be ruthless occupiers. The area conquered stretched from the Atlantic coast in France to just short of Moscow, from North Norway to North Africa. The attack on the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941 marked the beginning of a merciless campaign of destruction in the East.
Issue # 1: The issue of the rights and availability of generic drugs:
Rich countries like Germany, America, and others produce valuable antidotes to uncured diseases like aids, cancer, and others. Later on the company makes a patent, which is an expiry date for the medicine to be produced by other companies, and makes the price less to be bought. So when the patent is made and only one-company produces it will be very expensive for the people that really need it like African countries, therefore the disease will spread. There are two sides in this conflict one is the company that produce those kinds of medicine and keep it to them selves and the people that need it a lot. Or in another way the rich countries with good health status like Germany and the countries with poverty and sickness all around like Kenya, Sudan, and Chad. So the poor countries have a bad thought about Germany because it produces those kinds of medicines and sell then in a cost too high for the poor countries to buy.
The policy of Germany is that they produce the medicines and try the best to lower the prices as much as they can but they feel it isnít very fair because they are not affected if the other countries canít afford it.
Issue # 2: The issue of the rights of displaced people:
Displaced people are people that leave their country for various reasons like a war in the country or a bad ruling government and more and go to a country to live, eat, make a living there. Germany has no displaced people through out the world because it is a technological country. On the other hand there are displaced people in Germany like Turks and others. They make a problem for a part and are not important to a part of the population. They make a problem by taking up space in the country, taking god jobs, and some Turks donít follow the law and make a problem.
Germany will support those people with food shelter and jobs only if they cooperate with the rules and laws of the country and not cause troubles. If those people donít follow the laws there will be consequences like getting kicked out of the country.
Issue # 3: The issue of the trade of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction:
This is an important issue in our life because it has a lot of bad affects to it. Even though countries still trade those WOMD. Some of those countries are Iraq, South Korea, and Afghanistan. It is forbidden for Germany to produce or to buy weapons after the crisis of the world war two for safety reasons. The rule was produced by the United Nations. Even though America stores weapons in Germany.
There shouldnít be trades of those weapons because; they are harmful in many ways and not helpful in any way except for defense. Those killing materials should be stopped throughout the world and keep the peace growing.
Submitted by: Germany Delegate: Nezar Al Essa Issue: the issue of global cooperation to solve the problem of rights displaced people.
Defining Displaced people are the people that come to any country and leave theirs because of wars, and low economy,
Aware that displaced people can cause the economy to become lower and make the country unsafe,
Keeping in mind that they can make the country poor and affect the technology of the country,
Having devoted attention to the way the displaced people enter the country without permission and just settle,
Realizing that there are two sides, either to be a good citizen and help the countries economy or to become a bad citizen and lower the countries economy,
Deeply concerned that they might not fit in with the countries law, traditions, and people,
Supports that Germany will use fortune to help the other countries,
1. Declares the creation of the organization (UNOHDP) United Nations Organization to Help Displaced People, will be composed of two representatives from each country that is willing to be a part of this organization to support it and make decisions;
2. Encourages that any country that has displaced people in itís country to become a part of this organization;
3. Clarifies that the people that will be hired to check on the country 3 months a year will be experts and will sign a contract saying that they will be peaceful and will be gone through tests;
4. Assures that the experts will be chosen depending on there academic intelligence;
5. Resolves that the country should have the following to be a part of this organizations: A. Have extra unused land to make houses for them, B. The country is good in health to treat them,Is able to have money for food,The country has extra schools to teach the young;
6. Further notes that the country that is in the organization will get 30% of what those people produce of money to build more of those facilities;
7. Further Resolves that the displaced person that gets this compensation should have done: A. Sign a contract that sates to follow the law and never deceive it, B. To be thankful on what is given,To have at least continued school till the age of 17, C. To fit in the community and not cause problems;
8. Further notes that the person who has been reported of a crime or has caused a problem more than three times will become thrown out of the deal and the country;
9. Confirms that the fingerprint of any of the displaced people will be taken in the airport of the country, and that will be kept in the file that will be saved about each person.
Honorable chair and fellow delegates:
Dammen und harren, gooten aben;
Ladies and Gentleman, good evening!"
Germany greets the fellow delegates that have made it here and Germany hopes that you would have a good idea of Germany after today. Leave your worries behind and enjoy the cool summer and breezy spring were both man and nature come together. Enjoy a picnic with your family in one of the thousand of parks with a plate of sausages and a glass of beer.
The issue of displaced people is one of the major issues that strikes our world and could cause serious harms to a country or more. Letís work as one to make the world a better place and prevent the problem from happening in the beginning. When thereís will thereís a way and there is always will. So enlarge your hearts work as one and help the world become a better place!
Dunka shein, (thank you)!