Governor General's Reports and Information
Event: Pearl-MUN 2004
Students: Saja Fakral-Deen, Hamad Al-Essa, Khaled Al-Rubei, and Khaled Shahroor
Al-Bayan Bilingual School (BBS) will, once again host Pearl-MUN, an invitational Model United Nations event on May 19th-20th.
Pearl-MUN features a GA (General Assembly), an Iraqi Governing Council (IGC), an ICJ (International Court of Justice), and a Security Council.
The Security Council will offer a challenge to even the most experienced MUN students. Not only will it consider the usual list of Security Council situations, but it will also have its own Security Crisis. Crisis situations include imperfect information, "special guest stars," and real-time events.
Pearl-MUN continues to offer the only International Court of Justice in Kuwait. Again, suitable for the most advanced MUN students, the ICJ will try two cases actually on the docket for the real court. Past ICJ cases have included some of the foremost debate students in Kuwait as attorneys.
For the first time, Peal-MUN will feature an exciting Iraqi Governing Council. This exciting forum, geared to experienced students, replicates the current body ruling Iraq will make decisions on real problems occuring in Iraq, elect its own leadership, and rotate its own chairing.
Pearl-MUN also includes some other features that distinguish it. For example, the chairs give awards for best delegates and "most charismatic," and everyone gets a certificate. This year, Pearl-MUN will invite students to apply for deputy and co-chair positions within the event.
BBS would like to extend a special welcome to non-KFSAC schools and to others new to Model United Nations. With Pearl-MUN's practice sessions, support materials, etc., Pearl-MUN can serve as your doorway to Model United Nations.
This event can only accomodate about 150 students. Therefore, interested schools should reply quickly by emailing to:
1. The question of the rights and availability of generic drugs.
2. The question of measures of stop the trade of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction.
3. The question of the human and political rights of religious and ethnic minorities/displaced people.
Determination, ability to debate, charisma. ability to speak in front a a large audience, are only some of the many qualities and traits that you are able to gain from MUN. The world of MUN is a truly amazing one, if you make the most of it. You have the chance to form a strong social life as well as an enthusiastic academic life.
Honorable delegates, It is a true honor to be chair of PEARL MUN 2004 and to be among you all, and i trust it will be a successful and prosperous event, and that you will all do your best to make the most of it.
Thank you and good luck,
Defining a generic drug as "an identical, or bioequivalent to a brand name drug in dosage form, safety, strength, route of administration, quality, performance characteristics and intended use according to the US. Food and Drug Administration (FDA),
Bearing in mind that generic drugs are less expensive than bioequivalent brand name drugs,
Deeply disturbed that it takes up to 20 years in order for the generic drug to be manufactured and sold due to copyright laws concerning brand name drugs,
Alarmed by the increase of spread of diseases worldwide and especially HIV/AIDS by which 5 million people are introduced to this disease each year,
Deeply concerned that six million people in developing countries have HIV infections that urgently require antiretroviral treatment to keep them alive and healthy but fewer than 300,000 are being treated,
Viewing with appreciation Bangladesh’s role in encouraging the local manufacturing of generic drugs through the National Drug Policy (NDP),
Welcoming the United States’ attribution to speed up the approval for manufacturing generic AIDS drugs that, if approved, will help needed countries worldwide,
Expressing its Satisfaction to the World Health Organization (WHO) that is willing to insure the spread of an antiretroviral generic drug treatment to 3 million people worldwide,
Expecting all nations to work together into approving the rights of having and manufacturing of generic drugs due to its significance to poor, developing countries that need these drugs drastically but cannot afford the brand name drugs,
1. Designates the formation of the United Nations Organization of Generic Drugs (UNGDO) of all the representatives of the general assembly, in addition to scientists, experts and technicians that will be meeting once every year and in emergency situations, the headquarters of UNGDO will be decided by a vote in the general assembly once the resolution is approved;
2. Declares that scientists, experts and technicians will be hired once the UNODM is fully formed and they will be specialized in transportation, chemical engineering, statistics and machinery: A. Every country that has the capability to donate operatives will asked to do so and the best are chosen, B. Each country will have a representative that is an expert in the medicine and drug field, and if the county does not have a representative one will be assigned to it, C. Statisticians will be sent to each country in order to study their cases, D. Transport experts will be used for choosing the best transportation methods for the drugs, such as land vehicles, ships and cargo planes, E. Scientists and chemical engineers will research in order to manufacture the generic drugs in need, F. Machinery experts will be provided machines that will help with the production of generic drugs;
3. Affirms that the UNGDO will study and assess the medical status of each of the needing countries based on the following procedure: A. A full economical report will cover all areas of financial status of the country and its ability to buy generic drugs, B. A group of experts will be sent to these countries based on their demand and under their approval to study the several diseases found in the country and issue the available cures, C. Experts will study if the country in need already has drug factories that could be used to issue the drugs locally, D. Experts also will study the capability of the country to import or manufacture generic drugs, E. After studying the country’s status, the UNODM will then decide if the country seriously needs the drugs and it will then send the drugs to them if they were seriously in need, F. A group of transport experts will provide a route to this country if it is approved to provide them with necessary drugs, G. If the country financially cannot buy the drugs, then the UNODM will buy the drugs for them;
4. Calls upon the security council to send peacekeeping troops along with the organization’s experts in countries that need these vital generic drugs if the country was in a state of war;
5. Further resolves when the UNGDO makes an agreement with the brand name companies, the UNGDO will offer a contract for the brand name country in order to give them a large amount of money to buy the copyright;
6. Further requests the Food and Drug Association (FDA) to quickly give approvals for the manufacture of generic drugs for countries that are vitally in need for these drugs;
7. Expresses its hopes to the World Trade Organization (WTO) to allow needed countries in need to import vital generic drugs if they were unable to import them previously;
8. Resolves that the UNGDO will send drugs to countries that are affected by the diseases after it maintains the health of the seriously affected countries.
Main submitter: United States of America. Co-submitter: Spain. Co-signers: Jordan, Russia, Liberia, Honduras, Sudan, Eritrea, Germany, Tajikistan. Signers: Greece, Jamaica, El-Salvador, Nepal, Moldova. Committee: General Assembly Issue: the question of the trade of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction.
Defining nuclear weapons as explosive devices designed to release nuclear energy on a large scale, used primarily in military applications as stated,
Noting with Regret, as Encarta.com stated, that nuclear weapons have many effects like Penetrating Radiation, climate change, damaging buildings by blast effects thermal effects,
Noting that the International court of justice ICJ declared in the year 1996 that any use or the threat to use of nuclear weapons in armed conflicts would generally be contrary to the rules of international law on armed conflict, particularly international humanitarian law,
Further notes that proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, as well as their means of delivery, constitutes a threat to international peace and security,
Concerned by the threat of illicit trafficking in nuclear, chemical, or Biological weapons and their means of delivery, and related materials, which adds a new dimension to the issue of proliferation of such weapons and also poses a threat to international peace and security,
1) Requests the formation of a UN sponsored organization UNPDO (United Nations Peaceful Disarmament Organization) that will headquarters in Switzerland and will be active as soon as this resolution passes,
2) Resolves that the UNPDO will: a) Consist of 10 International Atomic Energy Agency superior inspectors and negotiators,b) Consist of 15 representatives of countries in the SC, c) Also it will consist of 100 scientists and military experts from SC countries that will explore and find out ways to have defense systems that stop effects of nuclear weapons and other WOMDs, d) Provide incentives for some countries that are suspected of trading Nuclear and WOMD arsenals to close its nuclear and WOMD factories and these incentives will be: i. Providing them with funds, if needed, to implement the required disarmament action, ii. Ending UN-imposed sanctions that may already be in force against them, iii. Ending UN-imposed embargoes that may already be in force against them; iv. Providing nations with different world technologies in all ways like science and nuclear development, v. Encouraging other UN specialized agencies to give countries incentives to disarm, like resuming food aid, e) monitoring water and land borders for countries via space satellites provided by the UN, to check that countries do not trade nuclear and WOMD arsenals, and this will only happen to countries who are suspected to trading nuclear and WOMD arsenals;
3) Further resolves that the UNDPO will have conferences: a) A yearly conference will be held for all UN members, b) Another conference every six months for all NPT treaty signatories, c) monthly conference for the IAEA superior inspectors and negotiators and the 15 representatives of the countries in the SC; d) If an emergency happens a meeting will be held immediately at the main branch of the organization;
4) Emphasizes the organization will try to close all companies suspected to have WOMD and nuclear arsenals and trade these arsenals by: a) Having attorneys putting law suits and sewing these companies for having dangerous arsenals that could harm the people in many courts of justice if the country does not act, b) Having the members of the organization producing a report to the General Assembly, which will have evidence that will show that the company is guilty and then, produced to the SC to take action against the company suspected, c) Asking the country the company is in to close down or search this company for these arsenals if found they will be confiscated by the government to the UN,
5) Declares that there would be two branches of UNDPO in every continent, and that branch’s: a) Locations will be: i. Asia: Indonesia and Egypt ii. Europe: Norway and Denmark iii. North America: U.S.A and Canada iv. South America: Argentina and Brazil v. Africa: Nigeria and Liberia b) Responsibilities will: i. Make people aware of the Dangers of WOMD by media and advertisements that would encourage people, ii. Have conferences that show that the use of Weapons Of Mass Destruction is dangerous and these conferences will be broadcasted in the National television; iii. Report if any company in the continent and region is producing or trading weapons by collecting evidence from various people or groups and by inspecting companies if the country allows that, iv. Making a yearly marathon that will take place in each country’s capital city that will involve many things like sports and other activities which will hopefully take people’s attention, thus will make people care for what could WOMD’s have as side affects ;
6) Urges all States, in accordance with their national procedures, to adopt and enforce appropriate effective laws which prohibit any non-State actor to manufacture, acquire, possess, develop, transport, transfer or use nuclear, chemical or biological weapons and their means of delivery, in particular for terrorist purposes, as well as attempts to engage in any of the foregoing activities, participate in them as an accomplice, assist or finance them;
7) Further urges the UN to have consequences that are going to be decided by the SC for: a) Companies that provide WOMD arsenals to some terrorist groups, b) Countries that trade and provide WOMD arsenals to some terrorist groups and also countries.
8) Further declares that this organization will help and plan with all sates to: a) Have effective measures to establish domestic controls to prevent the trade of WOMD and their means of delivery, including establishing appropriate controls over related materials, b) Promote the universal adoption and full implementation, and, where necessary, strengthening of multilateral treaties to which the state is party of, c) Adopt national rules and regulations, where it has not yet been done, to ensure compliance with their commitments under the key multilateral non-proliferation treaties; d) Develop appropriate ways to work with and inform industries and the public regarding their obligations under such laws.
Case: Rwanda versus France, the USA, and Burundi
Chief Justice: Khaled Shahroor
ICJ CASE: Pearl-MUN 2004
As Juvenil Habyarimana, the Rwandan president before the incident happened, left for Burundi for co-existence talks with the president, the plane carrying both him and the Burundian president was shot down. After this incident took place, the Hutus (a majority tribe in Rwanda) started broadcasting hate speech, and asked all the Hutus to kill the Tutsies (the minority group). This happened because the president who was shot down was a Hutu, and it was then believed that Tutsies had shot down his plane. This sparked the infamous genocide.
In the space of only three months, 800,000 Rwandan inhabitants were killed, most of them being Tutsies. After three months of catastrophic incidents, the RPF (Rwandan Patriotic Front), a group of Tutsies who were fighting for the power in Rwanda, were able to tack over Kagali, and end the violence. An estimated 2 million Hutus fled to Congo.
Paul Kagami then took power, and not long after, France tried to intervene to resurface the older Hutu government, which it was allied to, but was told by the RPF that if it were to intervene, they would be saluted by gunfire. The USA has undergone many a claim of cowardice for not helping the Rwandan side, although it asked for help. Finally, a French writer, who has been supported by the government, has recently said that Paul Kagami, the leader of the RPF counter attack, set up the plane bombing, just as to get power, and the Burundian son of the late president (killed in the plane) has accepted this idea. All in all, the following is taking place in the ICJ trial:1. Rwanda will sue the USA for not helping 2. Rwanda will sue France for intervening without consent, and for setting up the idea of Paul Kagami starting the whole genocide. 3. Rwanda will sue Burundi on the grounds of accepting the idea of Paul Kagami setting up the plane bombing imposed by France.
In the 2004 Pearl-MUN ICJ case, Rwanda had a go at three countries. Rwanda was suing the United States, France, and Burundi.. These accusations were made because of the genocide that occurred in Rwanda, in 1994, and the three countries were being sued for various reasons. Rwanda started strong by bringing in evidence from both leaders of France and the United States. Rwanda also were quick to point out that these countries had committed a crime that had led to the death of 800,000 lives, and that they should be punished. The United States responded to the accusations by saying they did not know of any genocide, and that they could not label it as one because the UN had not yet done so, and therefore they had no right in being there at all. France, on the other hand, took another approach by saying that if they had not done anything they would have been sued just like the US, and also stating that the weapons claimed to have been sold to the civilians was done by corrupt m
1916: The Belgian colonists classify Rwandans into two groups Tutsis and Hutus, and claim the Tutsis to be more superior.
1959: Continuos riots that killed over 20,000 Rwandans because of the ethnic tensions produced earlier.
1962: The Belgians grant Rwanda independence, and hand the government to the Hutus, which sparks even more ethnic tensions and riots.
1993: President Habyarimana makes an accord with the RPF to stop riots and violence.
1993-March, 1994: The riots still continue and an estimated 42,000 Rwandans are killed in this time.
April 6th: President Habyarimana’s plane is shot down. Hutu hate speech spreads immediately, and Hutus begin massacring the Tutsis.
April 21st 1994: The UN troops pull out of Rwanda after the death of 10 peacekeepers, and the genocide still continues.
April-July 1994: An estimated 800,000 Rwandans have been killed due to the genocide.
July 1994: The genocide stops after the RPF enter Rwanda and take over control.
A. Against the United States of America1. Violating UN resolution 918 2. Violating the Genocide Convention 3. Violating the standards of international honesty
B. Against France:1. Violating the Arusha Accord 2. Violating UN resolution 918 3. Violating the Genocide Convention 4. Violating national sovereignty 5. Publishing the book blaming Paul Kagame for the Genocide
C. Against Burundi:
1. Accepting the allegations made by the French book accusing Paul Kagame of the Genocide, and putting to danger the ties of the two countries
Ladies and gentlemen welcome to Pearl-MUN’s ICJ case.. Today we will see the Rwandan side, represented by BBS, sue the United States, France, and Burundi, represented by FAIPS, AAG, and KES respectively. In this case Rwanda will be blaming France for its intervention in the genocide, and for making it worse than it was, while it is also suing the United States for not helping in their time of need. Finally, Burundi is being sued for believing accusation that Paul Kagame, the Rwandan president, was the real reason the genocide started. This is an important subject today because we are now at the genocide’s 10-year anniversary and by anniversary I do not mean party, but quite the antithesis.
This ten-year anniversary marks the mourning for 800,000 Rwandan lives that were lost during the genocide, and today in this trail we hope to forgive the innocent, and to punish those guilty of this vicious crime.
The United States 1. Will deliver an official apology to Rwanda. 2. Will lift any sanctions on imports and exports to Rwanda. 3. Will give $200 million of military aid. 4. Share all its information with the United Nations about future crises, and allow a public flow of information. 5. Form a similar group to the CIA located in Rwanda to cooperate with Rwandan government, and act as a link with the United States and the CIA.
France 1. Will deliver an apology to Rwanda 2. Will Help build orphanages, hospitals, schools, crisis centers, and psychological counseling centers in Rwanda. 3. Will Pay Compensation equivalent to $20 billion.
Burundi 1. Will offer an official apology to Rwanda, and will strive to make better the relations between these two countries.*
Rwanda 1. Will apologize to France for slandering Frances reputation. 2. Will double its efforts towards finding the real perpetrators of the genocide.
Student in Charge: Saja Fakral-Deen
1. The question of assigning a leader to the Iraqi Governing Council.
2. The question of assigning oil revenues.
3. Added during the event: The Security Situation, especially the assassination of Chelabi and Salim
1. Resolves that the IGC will have a presidency of three that will: A. Cast its vote as one in all IGC voting, B. Hold a veto subjected to 2/3 over rule, C. Be called the "Interim presidents of Iraq", D. Will present IGC decisions to the US administration;
2. States that this council shall have: A. A rotating vice president in addition to the one who will be selected by the council, B. Rotation shall take place every 45 minutes till a session is adjourned;
3. Resolves that voting will take place as follows: A. Each will have three votes secretly, B. The votes will be weighted 3,2,1 respectively, C. The presidents will be selected by highest totals, D. If there is a tie, the council will have a vote on the third member, E. Everyone must vote, F. All ballots will be read out loud and circulated, G. All ballots will be unsigned and destroyed after the election.
4. Further creates the position of Interim Vice-President as follows: A. The Vice-President will not be part of the leadership vote, B. The interim vice-president will reside over the session, C. The interim vice-presidency will continue as rotating chair.
that during the transitionary period of American troop deployments in Iraq, the United States will serve as custodians of Iraq's oil revenues. 2. Resolves that the Iraqi Oil industry will be privatized under the following conditions A. Privatization will begin after an interim period of 5 years of State ownership, B. Shares will then be sold by the government with 20% to be retained, C. Foreigners will be allowed to own up to 49% of all shares, D. The industry will be taxed in a rate to be determined by a commission, E. All tax revenue will be retained by the government; 3. Further resolves that the Security of the Oil Industry will be provided by the new Iraqi Army;
the creation of a New Iraqi Army (NIA) under the following conditions A. All Kurdish and Shia militia members will be included, B. Current US trained army members will also be integrated, C. Militia officers will be incorporated at their current ranks, D. All units will be comprised of mixed nationalities and sects, E. No one other than NIA units will be allowed to retain arms; 2. Resolves that the NIA will take charge of all security within Iraq within a two year period; 3. Further Resolves that the NIA will include past Baath Party members with the following provisions: A. No Baa'th member under indictment for War crimes or civilian murders will be allowed entry, B. No one above the rank of major will be allowed entry, C. All ex-Baa'thists will undergo a de-Baathification special training sessions, D. All ex-Baa'thists will sign an oath of loyalty to the IGC.
7:05 pm, Wednesday:
A terrorist car bombing of the EU headquarters in Brussels has resulted in the death of the Irish EU President Bertie Ahern. Ireland, along with the rest of the EU, have condemned the attacks and declared a three-day mourning period for "a truly heroic leader that will never be forgotten."
Meanwhile, during Olympic preparations, a simultaneous bombing on the Pampeloponnisiako Stadium in the Greek city of Athens has seriously damaged the site and has claimed the lives of thirty-two people, including two British nationals and three French construction specialists.In Paris, an attempted bombing of the headquarters of the French Assemble Nationale, or National Assembly, has been thwarted. French police forces claim to have custody of the two bombers, but their identities and the organization to which they belong are as of yet unknown.
8:30 am, Thursday:
Interrogation of the two terrorists in French custody has revealed that they are members of the Turkish-Northern-Cypriot terrorist organization, the National People’s Movement. The terrorists have indicated that the attacks on Brussels and Athens were also of the organization’s execution, and have claimed that more attacks on EU targets have been already planned and will be carried out in within one week. The pair have claimed that the attacks had been carried out in "the name of the reunification of Cyprus and its complete admission into the EU." These revelations have led to an emergency meeting of the Council of the European Union.
Meanwhile, in the Eastern Mediterranean region, tensions have been rising between Northern and Southern Cyprus as well as between Greece and Turkey. Greece has held Turkey responsible for Wednesday’s attack on the Olympic stadium, claiming that the terrorists were capable of infiltrating Greek territory as a result of poor Turkish border controls. French intelligence corroborates this claim, stating that terrorists had entered Greece through "Turkish channels." Turkey has condemned the bombings, yet would not take responsibility for terrorist access to Greece.
The United States has urged all parties to "exercise restraint."
11:30 am, Thursday:
Forces of the Greek terrorist faction EOKA have unexpectedly entered Turkey, claiming vengeance for the Olympic bombings as their sole motive. They have been immediately slaughtered by Turkish troops upon crossing the border. EOKA has pledged to send a more formidable force within an hour, but all reputable intelligence agencies unanimously indicate that EOKA had lost all its forces in the premiere offensive and no longer has any military capabilities whatsoever. For instance, according to the United States CIA, any claims otherwise are to be regarded as "deceitful comments reminiscent of the Al- Sahhaf claims during the opening stages of last year’s Iraq war."
Meanwhile, on the Island of Cyprus, there has been a massive buildup of troops on both sides between the North and the South. The troops of both sides are within viewing distance of each other, yet despite that no exchange of fire has of yet occurred. This has placed Cyprus on the very brink of civil war.
After the conclusion of the emergency meeting of the Council of the European Union, the EU has decided to form a permanent military wing for its personal protection, in addition to send troops to Cyprus to destroy the National People’s Movement and thereby protect itself for further terrorist threats. Northern-Cypriot troops, however, have responded by claiming that the European troops will be met with "blazing gunfire." Many reputable international political experts have concluded that the arrival of European troops will provide the spark that is necessary to ignite the already tense situation into a full-scale civil war that will completely engulf the Island of Cyprus. The United States has strongly condemned the "recent irresponsible actions of the European Union."
The EU will not halt the dispatch of troops to Cyprus until the National People’s Movement dissolves itself under Turkish supervision. The National People’s Movement has agreed to completely dissolving itself under Turkish supervision if and only if Cyprus is reunited and admitted into the EU. The EU will admit Cyprus if and only if it is reunited.
EU troops will touch down on Cyprus soil at exactly 1:30 pm local time. J
Corollary to Update 3:
12:10 pm, Thursday:
In an unusual occurrence, major demonstrations outside Southern-Cypriot government buildings have urged the government to change its age-old policy of refusal to reunite and adopt a more compassionate and open-minded course of action.
In response to the failure of the two sides to sign a peace agreement, the representative of the Patriotic Front assassinated both the American and the Spanish ambassadors. This is somewhat ironic since Cyprus was, by far, the most intransient negotiator.
The EU troops, despite American objections and attempts to make the mission an EU mission, landed on the island. Their stated aim was to eliminate the insurgent groups in Northern Cyprus. However, their crossing of the border was considered an act of war. The Turkish Cypriot troops responded with considerable force followed by Turkish airstrikes against Cyrpus. The island plunged into civil war.
Issue: The question of UN involvement in Iraq:
1. Resloves the UN will convene of a National Iraqi Conference, the participants in the conference will be chosen A. by an Iraqi preparatory committee, the conference will have between 1,000 to 1,500 participants representing every province in the country, all political parties, tribal chiefs and leaders, trade and professional unions, universities, women’s groups, youth organizations, writers poets, and artists as well as religious leaders, B. The task of the participants is as follows: 1. The election of an Iraqi caretaker government headed by a prime minister, the role of this government would be decided at the conference, 2. The discussion of a future structure of an elected Iraqi government, 3. The election of an interim president as a head of state with two vice presidents, 4. The election of a consultative assembly to help advice the caretaker government, 5. The setting of a date for a national election.