Country: The Hellenic Republic (Greece)

Event: Pearl-MUN 2004

Student: Sara Al-Muzaini


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The Greek National Anthem


Latin Transliteration

Se gnoriso apo tin kopsi.
Tou spathiou tin tromeri,
Se gnoriso apo tin opsi
Pou me via metra tin yi.
Ap' ta kokala vialmeni
Ton Ellinon ta iera,
Ke san prota andriomeni,
Haire, o haire, Eleftheria!
(repeat previous two lines three times)

English :

We knew thee of old,
Oh, divinely restored,
By the lights of thine eyes
And the light of thy Sword
From the graves of our slain
Shall thy valour prevail
As we greet thee again-
Hail, Liberty! Hail!
(repeat previous two lines three times)

The Hellenic Republic of Greece



Country Profile


Political Structure:

Greece is a parliamentary republic. Its conventional long form is the Hellenic Republic as for its conventional short form it is Greece. Greece's constitution was made on the 11 of June 197. It was amended on March 1986 and April 2001. The constitution is based on codified Roman law; judiciary divided into civil, criminal, and administrative courts. The capital of Greece is Athens. The government of the country is composed of 3 branches Executive, Legislative, and Judicial.

The Executive branch is made up of the chief of state: President Konstandinos (Kostis) STEPHANOPOULOS (since 10 March 1995), head of government: Prime Minister Konstandinos SIMITIS (since 19 January 1996), cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the approval of the head of government. As for the legislative branch, it is made up of unicameral Parliament or Vouli ton Ellinon. It is composed of 300 seats and members are elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms. Finally comes the Judicial branch which is composed of a Supreme Judicial Court; Special Supreme Tribunal; all judges appointed for life by the president after consultation with a judicial council.



Greece is located in Southern Europe. It borders the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea. It is specifically between Albania and Turkey. The country's area is a total: 131,940 sq. km. 130,800 sq. km of that area is land while the remaining 1,140 sq. km is for the marine area. Greece borders three countries: Albania with 282 km for its land border, Bulgaria 494 km for its land border, Turkey 206 km for its land border, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 246 km for its land border.

The land in Greece is mostly mountains with ranges extending into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands. The elevation extremes are the Mediterranean Sea at 0 m for the lowest point and Mount Olympus 2,917 m representing Greece's highest point. Greece's climate is fluctuating between the summers, and winters. In the summers, the weather tends to be hot and dry. As for the winters, the weather seems to be mild and wet.


Natural Resources:

Greece is rather poor in natural resources. The country's most significant mineral resources are bauxite, lignite, magnesite, petroleum, marble, and hydropower potential. The country has little black coal, and its lignite (brown coal) is of poor quality. Also, There are no considerable reserves of natural gas. The forests in Greece were probably rich in ancient times, however these forests are now almost certainly used up. Most of Greece's soil is rocky and dehydrated. However the country’s mountains contain small valleys where the soils are of the rich Mediterranean terra rosa (red earth) variety. Cultured fields and orchards cover 30 percent of the country. The fertile plains of Thessaly, Macedonia, and western Thrace are prime agricultural areas.


Cultural Factors:

The people of Greece, also known as the Greek are predominantly of European root and are sharing the same religion, nationality as well as speak the same languages. The population number is 10,665,989 with the population growth rate at 0.19%. Greece is the most ethnically standardized country in the Balkans, with ethnic Greeks making up more than 95 percent of the population (not accounting for illegal immigrants). There is a significant Turkish minority in western Thrace. Other minorities include Albanians, Roma (Gypsies), Pomaks (Muslim Slavs), Armenians, Macedonian Slavs, and Vlachs. However the Greek Government states there are no ethnic divisions in Greece. Greece has no titles of nobility and no hereditary upper classes. However, family connections are very important all the time, particularly in politics, where political dynasties are common. Both the paternal and maternal grandfathers of Georgios Rallis, who was prime minister from 1980 to 1981, had themselves been prime minister, as had Rallis’s father. The main languages that are spoken in Greece are Greek 99% (it is the official spoken language), English, and French. The present religions are the following, Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, and other 0.7%.



The currency used today in Greece is the Euro; it's exchange rate with the U.S dollar is 1.06. In 2002 Greece’s total labor force numbered 4,611,000 people. Men made up 62% of the labor force. Agriculture employs 16%, while manufacturing employs 23%. Unemployment was 9.6% in 2002. There are about 600,000 members of the Greek employees which are members of confidential- and publicly owned unions joined with the General Confederation of Greek Workers. The Unions in the public division are generally well organized. There are many Services available in Greece. One of the most important ones is tourism. Tourism, accounts for the largest division of the Greek economy.

In 2002 services contributed 70 percent of the GDP. The hot, dry summers that characterize most of Greece, combined with the many fine beaches along its wide coastline, make it a favored tourist destination. Tourism represents about 20 percent of service division revenues. 14.2 million tourists visited Greece in the year 2002. The majority of foreign visitors were from other European countries, the United Kingdom and Germany in particular. Popular tourist destinations include the Acropolis in Athens, the palace of Knossos (Knosós) on Crete, and the temple of Apollo at Delphi, as well as Aegean Islands such as Míkonos and Thíra, and the Ionian island of Corfu. Greece’s large ferry fleet is also an important service division employer. Manufacturing also plays a big role in Greece's economy. Manufacturing contributed 22 percent of the country’s GDP in 2002. Chief products include processed foods, textiles, clothing, footwear, chemicals, and ships. Greece also has a modest arms industry. Greece is home to a major cement factory, situated in Vólos. Building houses is a particularly important part of the construction industry. Investment in real estate has traditionally been seen as a shield against inflation.



The Greek military is composed of five branches which are the following, the Hellenic Army, Hellenic Navy, Hellenic Air Force, Police, and the National Guard. Available manpower goes from the ages of 15-49 and are 2,662,208 according to the estimation made for year 2003. The military's percent of the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is 4.91%.


View of world Problems:

Greece is part of many UN organizations as well as part of the European Union. Greece plays an active role in solving and discussing world issues with fellow neighbors and many other countries. It strives to help other nations in need. Nevertheless, there have been some issues with Greece's neighboring country Turkey and other countries. However, The UN has presented some solutions and the countries have resumed discussions to resolve their complex maritime, air, territorial, and boundary disputes in the Aegean Sea; the Cyprus question with Turkey; and the dispute with The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia over its name.



During the last 15 years or so, the Greek elections took place in 1981. They had caused Andreas Papandreou to become Greece’s first socialist prime minister. As some years passed by there were some Growing economic problems, coupled with scandals in the government and in Papandreou’s private life. This caused him to lose the elections in 1989. In 1993 Papandreou returned to power when his supporters won the majority of seats in new elections. However, in contrast to his first administration, Papandreou introduced a few new policies. However, Illness forced him to resign in January 1996, and he died six months later. His successor, Costas Simitis, who represented the modernizing, was confirmed in office in national elections in 1996.

In the late 1990s Simitis’s government focused its attention on making Greece eligible to share a proposed single currency, the euro, with other members of the European Union (EU). The EU excluded Greece from the list of 11 countries that joined Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) in 1999, but Simitis maintained strictness measures intended to reduce inflation and the country’s budget deficit. PASOK retained a slender majority in the April 2000 national elections, and Simitis returned as prime minister. The austerity measures backed by the government proved successful, and in June 2000 the EU invited Greece to join EMU. Greece officially adopted the euro on January 1, 2001.




Policy Statements

Issue # 1: The issue of the rights and availability of generic drugs:

With many diseases and health problems around the world, drugs have become the only hope of living for millions of sick and poor people. Generic drugs are basically drugs that are cheaper than brand-name drugs. They are legally made and exported when the protection of brand-name drugs has expired. These drugs can help people who are in need of drugs yet cannot afford the brand-name drugs. These drugs especially help the people of the developing nations. In fact generic drugs could help cure and eliminate a lot of deadly and contagious diseases found in these developing countries. This is indeed a very important issue and has captured the attention of many countries.

Greece is one of the countries that is involved in trying to make generic drugs more common. In fact, it was just in January 2002, that Greece had received a big shipment of generic drugs that was to be sold in Greece. Unfortunately, the package was full of prototype, cheap, and non-effective drugs. Greece, like any other country, protested against this. The issue of supplying Greece with generic drugs was and continues to be very important. This is because the size of the Greek market is minute when compared to other markets. If no generic drugs are available for the citizens, then the people in need of the drugs will be forced to pay more money for brand-name drugs. Therefore, generic drugs should be shipped and supplied to many countries including Greece.


Issue # 2: The issue of the rights of displaced people:

The protection of people and their rights is a very vital issue. One of the most common problems affecting the rights of people is their displacement. People are being dislocated by large numbers daily within their own country. The solution for this problem is primarily in the hands of each countries government. This is because the governments of countries are responsible for the safety of their citizens. Thankfully there were some successful agencies that helped in solving this problem in the past. However, these agencies should continue to try to eliminate the disarticulation of any person before the problem becomes uncontrollable.

Displacement of persons is now very common and is very important among most countries. It is one of the main causes of disagreements and political grudges. An example of this problem is the number of (about 30,000) Turks that are present in Cyprus. Most of the population in Cyprus (about 80%) is Greek Cypriots and therefore the small percentage of Turks present in Cyprus is causing a problem. This is because since most of the population is made up of Greek Cypriots, these Turks are like displaced people. They are a burden for the Greek citizens (about 76%) living in Cyprus. Therefore the Turks should live in Turkey and not Cyprus which should be part of Greece. However, if the Turks wish to live in Cyprus then Turkey should take its forces out of Turkey. There are many serious problems where the displaced people are not allowed to live in their country causing them to live somewhere else. This issue is highly important and should be solved as soon as possible.


Issue # 3: The issue of the trade of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction:

The spread of nuclear technology and weapons of mass destruction is one of the most serious security threats facing the world today. It is the spread of these weapons that takes the live of innocent people. In fact, if these weapons did not exist, then most of the problems that our world is facing today could have been avoided. These weapons not only help in the flow of innocent blood, but they aid in creating political grudges and start dishonesty and traumas. This spread of these weapons is now out of control due to the fact that the trading of these weapons is a vast and successful business and is unfortunately aided by many nations.

Greece like any country would like to achieve world piece. It is peace that the UN has promised to uphold and if all the nations put aside their differences and stand together as one, then there is no need for any of these killing machines. However, it the acquisitiveness of countries that is causing them to buy such weapons. The weapons help in invading developing countries or supposedly protecting a country. It is important to note, that if no country had such weapons then protection is no longer needed and all the countries can finally live peacefully.





Country: Greece
Delegate: Sarah Al-Muzaini
Issue: The issue of the rights and availability of generic drugs

Defining Generic Drugs, Drugs that are less expensive and have the same therapeutic value than brand name drugs. These drugs are only present in the market after the protection of brand name drugs have expired,

Applauding the World Trade Organization (WTO) for revising international patent rules in order to help developing countries by allowing them to make their own medicine,

Bearing in mind that even though the WTO is revising patent rules, not all protected companies have and will agree in allow developing countries to make their own medicine,

Confirms that generic drugs should eliminate most diseases from spreading and decreasing the amount of deaths in developing countries due to sicknesses,

Deeply Disturbed by the number of prototype drugs that are being sold supposedly as generic drugs,

Alarmed by the number of government refusing to sell generic drugs to the citizens of their countries,

1. Resolves: That the UN will create an organization which will be called the Generic Drugs Distribution Organization (GGDO). This organization will be responsible for the following:
A. making sure that all developing countries and countries in need of generic drugs get the drugs delivered to the citizens themselves,
B. making sure that all the drugs are just as effective as brand name drugs and not prototypes,
C. the organization's headquarters will be placed in New York and will host a biannual meeting to discuss various solutions and how to eliminate this problem;

2. Further Resolves: That this organization will have a team of specialized scientists and doctors that will research the following:
A. which countries are in need of generic drugs,
B. the amount of drugs needed per country,
C. the type of drugs needed for certain diseases in certain countries,
D. various other topics which will ensure that the countries get exactly what they need;

3. Emphasizes: That this organization will create branches that shall be positioned in all the countries that are in need of the generic drugs as follows:
A. The determining of the countries in need of the drugs will be the result of scientific researches,
B. The branches however will only be positioned in the countries after the organization has gotten the countries approval,
C. In addition, the organization will hand out monetary awards to countries that have agreed to place a branch or two in their country in order to help the people,
1. This award will be an encouragement for all countries to agree on hosting a branch of the GGDO in their country, A representative from each branch will attend the biannual meeting and discuss any important issues and present reports on whether the organization is reaching its goals;

4. Confirms: that the branches will have a team of specialists (the number of team members will be determined by the urgency of delivering the generic drugs in a country and by the size of the country) that will personally deliver all the generic drugs to the people in need of them;

5. Encourages: all countries to vote for this resolution in order to:
A. reduce the amount of disease victims and the number of deaths due to sicknesses.
B. augment the health rate in countries.




Opening Speech:

Honorable chair, fellow delegates, and most distinguished guests, I present myself to you today as Sarah Al-Muzaini the ambassador of Greece.

On behalf of Greece and its people it gives me great pleasure to be here among fellow delegates that hope to find solutions to most of the troubles affecting the people of the world today. Greece at present is mostly interested in finding a solution to the issue of providing countries with generic drugs. This is because the health of the citizens is most important. Therefore, Greece aids any country that is trying to help solve this vital issue. Also, it is important to keep in mind that every cloud has a silver lining and if the problems that we face today are these clouds, then by working together and being positive we will be able to find the silver linings.

Thank you.