Country: The Honduras

Event: Pearl-MUN 2004

Student: Rakkan Muzkhazeem

 

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The Honduran National Anthem

Honduras

Original Spanish Words CHORUS
Tu bandera, tu bandera es un lampo de cielo
Por un bloque de nieve cruzado;
(repeat)
Y se ven en su fondo sagrado
Cinco estrellas de pálido azul;
En tu emblema, que un mar rumoroso
Con sus ondas bravías escuda,
De un volcán, tras la cima desnuda,
(repeat)
Hay un astro de nitida luz.
(repeat)

India virgen y hermosa dormías
De tus mares al canto sonoro,
Cuando hechada en tus cuencas de oro
El audaz navegante te halló;
Y al mirar tu belleza extasiado,
Al influjo ideal de tu encanto,
La orla azul de tu esplendido manto
Con su beso de amor consagró.
CHORUS

Por guardar ese emblema divino
Marcharemos, ¡oh patria!, a la muerte;
Generosa será nuestra suerte
Si morimos pensando en tu amor.
Defendiendo tu santa bandera,
Y en sus pliegues gloriosos cubiertos,
Serán muchos, Honduras, tus muertos,
¡pero todos caerán con honor!
CHORUS


English:

CHORUS
Your flag is a splendour of sky
Crossed with a band of snow;
And there can be seen, in its sacred depths,
(repeat)
Five pale blue stars.
In your emblem, which a rough sea
With its wild waves protects,
Behind the bare summit of a volcano,
(repeat)
A star brightly shines.
(repeat)

Like an Indian maiden you were sleeping,
Lulled by the resonant song of your seas,
When, set in your golden valleys,
The bold navigator found you;
And on seeing, enraptured, your beauty,
And feeling your enchantment,
He dedicated a kiss of love to the blue hen
Of your splendid mantle.
CHORUS

To guard this sacred emblem
We shall march, oh fatherland, to our death;
Our death will be honoured
If we die thinking of your love.
Having defended your holy flag,
And shrouded in its glorious folds,
Many, Honduras, shall die for you,
But all shall fall in honour.
CHORUS






The Honduras


 

Country Profile



Political Structure

Honduras is built on a democratic constitutional republic Government type. The executive power in Honduras is the President, who is elected by a vote for a four-year term. The president appoints a cabinet that assists in his governing of the Nation. The two strongest parties are the rightist National Party and the Liberal Party, which is divided into bitterly opposed factions. Smaller groups include the centrist Innovation and Unity Party and the Christian Democratic Party. Honduras is divided into 18 departments, which are Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahia, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara, Valle, and Yoro. Each department is administered by a governor appointed by the president. Municipalities are governed by elected councils.

 

Geography

Located in Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua, it has a total area of 112,090 sq. km, 111,890 sq. km on land and 200 sq. km on sea. it could be considered larger than Tennessee. it has a subtropical climate in lowlands and a temperate on in the Mountains. The country's terrain is mostly composed of mountains narrow coastal plains. the country has 6,669,789 citizens. its capital is Tegucigalpa. The country has a frequent amount of weak earthquakes, it is also hit with hurricanes and damaging floods. the country's main environmental problem is Deforestation due to an increase of urban expanding. The country has a short pacific coast but a long Caribbean coastline.

 

Natural Resources

As stated above, Honduras is a poor country, and it really depends on its exports and imports. Mining was originally the mainstay of the Honduran economy, but from the late 1800s till 1992 it dropped to account for 2% of the GDP. currently the El Mochito mine in Honduras, the largest mine in Central America, accounted for most mineral production. Ores containing gold, silver, lead, zinc, and cadmium were mined and exported to the United States and Europe for refining.

Honduras's main resources is Agriculture, most of its economy is dependent on the export of mainly bananas, and coffee with citrus; beef; timber; shrimp being secondary to the first.

For energy Honduras had relied on fuelwood and biomass, the country had never had any Oil and was forced to import it, but it became expensive by 1991 where the country was using up 16,000 gallons pre day, forcing it to shutdown its refinery at Puerto Rico. Fuelwood and biomass have traditionally met about 67 percent of the country's total energy demand; petroleum, 29 percent, and electricity, 4 percent. In 1987 Honduran households consumed approximately 60 percent of total energy used, transportation and agriculture used about 26 percent, and industry used about 14 percent. Food processing consumed about 50 percent of industrial sector energy, followed by petroleum and chemical manufacturing.

 

Cultural Factors

90% of the country is originally Honduran, the rest is made up of Europeans, Africans, Asians, Arabs, and indigenous Indians. The currently strongest religion in Honduras is Roman Catholic, but there has been an increase in the amount of Protestants. the population is currently 6,669,789, but due to AIDS there has been a downfall plus lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates. Not a lot of problems appear concerning racial discrimination, but the main problem is the abuse and discrimination of Displaced People.

 

Economy

Honduras, one of the poorest countries in the world with an bad distribution of income. While the country has met most of its macroeconomic targets, it failed to liberalize its energy and telecommunications sectors. its mostly dependent on the export of coffee, bananas, shrimp, lobster, meat; zinc, lumber to mainly the USA. it also has some light trade with Guatemala and El Salvador.

In July 2000, Honduras reached its decision point under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries initiative (HIPC), which had qualified the country for debt relief. In 2001, the International Monetary Fund and World Bank approved Honduras’ Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, making Honduras eligible for $900 million in debt relief in present value terms, upon its completion point. it failed to meet the IMF's goals to liberalize its energy and telecommunications sectors. currently Honduras is dependent on the US for trade, and is focusing on the reduction high crime rate. like many nations of the World Honduras is currently a poor nation that is trying to advance in the world through trade with the US and financial support programs.

 

Defense

Honduran military usually spends around $ 72 million and reached its peak in 1989 ($126 Million). the period of 1983 till 1989, an increase in defense spending occurred when the USA had given military assistance in the form of MAP, FMS, and IMET, this had provided Honduran military with a yearly average of $47.59 million. but as it entered the 1990's the military spending dropped and this had lead to a sharp decrease in military units, soldiers, and equipment. Although not as strong as many nations, if it would fight a nation similar to itself it would win, but a nation far more advanced than itself it would surely lose. currently Honduras Allies itself with the US and its enemy is El Salvador

 

Views on World Problems

Honduras's closest ally is the US, as with the Argentine, Honduras has stayed a fairly neutral country since the end of its military rule. Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua, these were the Original nations of Central America, in the 1800s Honduras formed a federation with these nations, but was soon ended with the late 1800's currently the Central Americans are trying to bring themselves closer through the CACM, whose original objective of the CACM was to eliminate the trade barriers among the five countries. Honduras gained conflicts with El Salvador during the 1970's, this had lead the Honduras to suspend its membership with CACM and also a tensing up of relations with El Salvador, but the two finally signed a peace treaty in 1980. Honduras currently is a part of these international Organizations, BCIE, CACM, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, LAIA (observer), MINURSO, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO. Honduras itself fully supports the US's views with Iraq and WOMD, it would try its best to support the US and its coalition at all times.

 

History

Honduras was once apart of Spain's empire, Honduras gained its independence as a nation in 1821. After two and one-half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting against leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused almost $1 billion in damage.

 

 

 

Policy Statements



Issue # 1: The Issue of Displaced People

IDP is short for "internally displaced person". Some 25 million people worldwide currently live in situations of internal displacement as a result of conflicts or human rights violations. They were forced to flee their homes because their lives were at danger, but unlike refugees they did not cross international borders. Although internally displaced people now outnumber refugees by two to one, their plight receives far less international attention.(*1)

Honduras would hope that the UN would take a deeper interest in this situation due to the fact that many IDP's often have limited or no access to any necessities (such as, food, water, clothing, etc..), and they are also very open to discrimination and violence. We can only hope that the UN would act in helping these people, for some have lived out years, and even decades away from what they can call, Home.

 

Issue # 2: The Issue of Generic Drugs

Identifying generic drugs as "cheap, useless copies of original drugs " is wrong. for with many nations, AIDS has become a rapid increase. many of these nations have a high debt and their people are very poor. having such drugs available to them would help give AIDS patients a higher survival rate. currently in Africa, many doctors who specialize in AIDS tell their patients that they better save up for their funeral, because the drugs are too expensive.

If Modern world country's would help in the research of Generic drugs and allow the sales of them, They would be helping many African nations, and the nations of the world in stopping such deadly and destructive diseases such as cancer and/or AIDS

 

Issue # 3: The issue of Trade of Nuclear Weapons and WOMD

Honduras fully supports the USA's view on such weaponry. The nation believes that such weaponry could only cause more destruction, Honduras hopes that the US will make the decision to fully remove such weaponry from this earth and prosecute, to the fullest extent, anyone who would sell or harbor such weaponry.

(*1) Definition was taken from http://www.idpproject.org/what_is_IDP.htm

 

 

 

Resolutions


The Question of : The Rights of Displaced people
The Delegate of : Honduras
Delegate: Rakan Al Mukhazeem

Identifying: IDP is short for "internally displaced people". Some 25 million people worldwide currently live in situations of internal displacement as a result of conflicts or human rights violations and many were forced to flee their homes because their lives were at danger,

Further Identifying: that unlike refugees they did not cross international borders,

Alarmed By: The fact that IDP's have limited or no access to any neccesites.and they are also very open to discrimination and violence,

Observing: that IDP's are also very open to discrimination and violence,

Expecting: That the UN would take a higher interest with IDP's,

Deeply Concerned: how many of these victims are currently in forced to live their lives selling drugs, stealing, and prostitution,

1. Requests: the creation of UNIPADP (United Nations Protection Agency for Displaced People) be created for the protection and care of Displaced people.

2. Proclaims: That this group will be made up of
A. Teams Specialized in Health Care
B. Teams specialized in the moving of necessities such as Food, and Water.
C. Teams specialized in Protection and guarding, these teams would only be used in areas of conflict

3. Further Requests: The help of UNHCR with Displaced People, by
A. Supporting the UNIPADP
B. Having its members help train the UNIPADP Members

4. Declares A special reward for
A. Schools that would help IDP's in continuing their learning
B. Parents who take in IDP Orphans
C. Companies that would hire IDP's to work for them

5. Further Declares Punishment on those who would
A. Physically, Sexually, Mentally, and Emotionally abuse IDPS
B. hose who would force IDP's to get into illegal business's, such as Prostitution and organized crime.

6. States that the UNIPADP would begin building
A. Housing projects,
B. Schools;

7. Urges The nations of the world to assist the UNIPADP in whatever efforts possible

 

 

 

Opening Speech

 

As the delegate of Honduras, I can only describe my nation as a Sacred jewel or Emblem that lies within its golden valley, and protected by its people and its rough seas, but sadly, Honduras can not rest its head easy, with the many problems that currently threaten the world, Honduras WILL stop such problems with the help of the nations of the world, Honduras shall not rest until it solves the many problems of the world with the aid of the nations of the world. For a better future, and For world peace.