Institution: International Court of Justice

Event: Pearl-MUN 2004

Presiding: Khaled Shahroor

Assisted by: Others

 




The Case of

Rwanda

Advocates: Fatema Boukhadour and Altaf Al Dukair


Versus


France

Advocates: Selma Alkafeef and Fetma Akashah


The United States

Advocates: Prerna Kaul and ......


and


Burundi

Advocates: Nada Khashaba and Navneeth Thomas




Links to other sites on the Web:


Back to the 2003-2004 Team page
Back to the 2004 Pearl-MUN page
Back to the Briefing Book Library
Back to Teams
Back to Fruit Home

 


An Appropriate Theme
("What a Fool Believes")








Case Description


As Juvenil Habyarimana, the Rwandan president before the incident happened, left for Burundi for co-existence talks with the president, the plane carrying both him and the Burundian president was shot down. After this incident took place, the Hutus (a majority tribe in Rwanda) started broadcasting hate speech, and asked all the Hutus to kill the Tutsies (the minority group). This happened because the president who was shot down was a Hutu, and it was then believed that Tutsies had shot down his plane. This sparked the infamous genocide.

In the space of only three months, 800,000 Rwandan inhabitants were killed, most of them being Tutsies. After three months of catastrophic incidents, the RPF (Rwandan Patriotic Front), a group of Tutsies who were fighting for the power in Rwanda, were able to tack over Kagali, and end the violence. An estimated 2 million Hutus fled to Congo.

Paul Kagami then took power, and not long after, France tried to intervene to resurface the older Hutu government, which it was allied to, but was told by the RPF that if it were to intervene, they would be saluted by gunfire. The USA has undergone many a claim of cowardice for not helping the Rwandan side, although it asked for help. Finally, a French writer, who has been supported by the government, has recently said that Paul Kagami, the leader of the RPF counter attack, set up the plane bombing, just as to get power, and the Burundian son of the late president (killed in the plane) has accepted this idea. All in all, the following is taking place in the ICJ trial:

1. Rwanda will sue the USA for not helping

2. Rwanda will sue France for intervening without consent, and for setting up the idea of Paul Kagami starting the whole genocide.

3. Rwanda will sue Burundi on the grounds of accepting the idea of Paul Kagami setting up the plane bombing imposed by France.

 

 

 

 

Synopsis of the Case:



In the 2004 Pearl-MUN ICJ case, Rwanda had a go at three countries. Rwanda was suing the United States, France, and Burundi.. These accusations were made because of the genocide that occurred in Rwanda, in 1994, and the three countries were being sued for various reasons. Rwanda started strong by bringing in evidence from both leaders of France and the United States. Rwanda also were quick to point out that these countries had committed a crime that had led to the death of 800,000 lives, and that they should be punished. The United States responded to the accusations by saying they did not know of any genocide, and that they could not label it as one because the UN had not yet done so, and therefore they had no right in being there at all. France, on the other hand, took another approach by saying that if they had not done anything they would have been sued just like the US, and also stating that the weapons claimed to have been sold to the civilians was done by corrupt m

 

 

 

Detailed History of Events Leading
Up to the Genocide


1916: The Belgian colonists classify Rwandans into two groups Tutsis and Hutus, and claim the Tutsis to be more superior.

1959: Continuos riots that killed over 20,000 Rwandans because of the ethnic tensions produced earlier.

1962: The Belgians grant Rwanda independence, and hand the government to the Hutus, which sparks even more ethnic tensions and riots.

1993: President Habyarimana makes an accord with the RPF to stop riots and violence.

1993-March, 1994: The riots still continue and an estimated 42,000 Rwandans are killed in this time.

April 6th: President Habyarimana’s plane is shot down. Hutu hate speech spreads immediately, and Hutus begin massacring the Tutsis.

April 21st 1994: The UN troops pull out of Rwanda after the death of 10 peacekeepers, and the genocide still continues.

April-July 1994: An estimated 800,000 Rwandans have been killed due to the genocide.

July 1994: The genocide stops after the RPF enter Rwanda and take over control.

 

 

 

Rwanda's Charges Against
the Other Nations


A. Against the United States of America

1. Violating UN resolution 918

2. Violating the Genocide Convention

3. Violating the standards of international honesty

 

B. Against France:

1. Violating the Arusha Accord

2. Violating UN resolution 918

3. Violating the Genocide Convention

4. Violating national sovereignty

5. Publishing the book blaming Paul Kagame for the Genocide

 

C. Against Burundi:

1. Accepting the allegations made by the French book accusing Paul Kagame of the Genocide, and putting to danger the ties of the two countries

 

 

 

Chief Justice's Opening Speech:



Ladies and gentlemen welcome to Pearl-MUN’s ICJ case.. Today we will see the Rwandan side, represented by BBS, sue the United States, France, and Burundi, represented by FAIPS, AAG, and KES respectively. In this case Rwanda will be blaming France for its intervention in the genocide, and for making it worse than it was, while it is also suing the United States for not helping in their time of need. Finally, Burundi is being sued for believing accusation that Paul Kagame, the Rwandan president, was the real reason the genocide started. This is an important subject today because we are now at the genocide’s 10-year anniversary and by anniversary I do not mean party, but quite the antithesis.

This ten-year anniversary marks the mourning for 800,000 Rwandan lives that were lost during the genocide, and today in this trail we hope to forgive the innocent, and to punish those guilty of this vicious crime.

 

 

 

Verdict Made by the Judges

 

The United States

1. Will deliver an official apology to Rwanda.

2. Will lift any sanctions on imports and exports to Rwanda.

3. Will give $200 million of military aid.

4. Share all its information with the United Nations about future crises, and allow a public flow of information.

5. Form a similar group to the CIA located in Rwanda to cooperate with Rwandan government, and act as a link with the United States and the CIA.

 

France

1. Will deliver an apology to Rwanda

2. Will Help build orphanages, hospitals, schools, crisis centers, and psychological counseling centers in Rwanda.

3. Will Pay Compensation equivalent to $20 billion.

 

Burundi

1. Will offer an official apology to Rwanda, and will strive to make better the relations between these two countries.*

 

Rwanda

1. Will apologize to France for slandering Frances reputation.

2. Will double its efforts towards finding the real perpetrators of the genocide.