Moldava

Event: Pearl-MUN 2004

Student: Noor Al-Mutawa



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Moldava





Country Profile

 

Political structure:

The republic of Moldova, new constitution adopted 28 July 1994; replaces old Soviet constitution of 1979. the government structure is chief of state: President Vladimir VORONIN (since 4 April 2001), head of government, cabinet. The political parties are, Braghis Alliance [Dumitru BRAGHIS]; Communist Party or PCM [Vladimir VORONIN, first chairman]; Popular Christian Democratic Party or PPCD [Iurie ROSCA]; Social Democratic Union (composed of Braghis Alliance and the Democratic Party of Moldova) [leader NA].

 

Geography:

It is located in Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania. Its border countries: Romania 450 km, Ukraine 939 km. rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea.

 

Natural resources:

lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, arable land, limestone , landlocked; well endowed with various sedimentary rocks and minerals including sand, gravel, gypsum, and limestone. Its agricultural products are vegetables, fruits, wine, grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, tobacco; beef, milk, and its export commodities are foodstuffs, textiles, machinery. Its import partners are Russia 23.9%, Ukraine 13.4%, Germany 12.6%, Italy 8.3%, Romania 8.2% (2002). Since Moldova is a very poor country despite very recent progress it depends heavily on agriculture, because it has favorable climate and good farmland but has no major mineral deposits. Moldova must import all of its supplies of oil, coal, and natural gas, largely from Russia. Energy shortages contributed to sharp production declines after the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991.

 

Cultural factors:

The ethnic groups are Moldovan/Romanian 64.5%, Ukrainian 13.8%, Russian 13%, Jewish 1.5%, Bulgarian 2%, Gagauz and other 5.2% (1989 est.). Internal disputes with ethnic Slavs in the Transnistrian region. Religions are Eastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and other 0.5% (2000).

 

Economy:

Moldova’s export partners are Russia 35%, Italy 11.7%, Germany 8.8%, Ukraine 8.5%, Romania 5.7%, US 5.2%, Belarus 4.5%, Spain 4.1% (2002). And Moldovas import partners are Russia 23.9%, Ukraine 13.4%, Germany 12.6%, Italy 8.3%, Romania 8.2% (2002)

Moldova remains a very poor country despite recent progress from its small economic base. It enjoys a favorable climate and good farmland but has no major mineral deposits. As a result, the economy depends heavily on agriculture, featuring fruits, vegetables, wine, and tobacco. Moldova must import all of its supplies of oil, coal, and natural gas, largely from Russia. Energy shortages contributed to sharp production declines after the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991. Moldovan leu is Moldova’s monetary system.

 

Defense:

Moldova’s military branches are Ground Forces (includes Air and Air Defense Forces), Republic Security Forces (includes paramilitary Internal Troops and Border Troops). Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Dniester River supporting the Slavic majority population, mostly Ukrainians and Russians, who have proclaimed a "Transnistria" republic.

 

Views on world problems:

international organizations are ACCT, BIS, BSEC, CE, CEI, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, FAO, GUUAM, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WtrO. Viewed as the poorest nation in Europe. Has difficulties with the Transnistria region complicate border crossing and customs with Ukraine, facilitating smuggling, arms transfers, and other illegal activities.

 

History:

Moldova was Formerly ruled by Romania. Moldova became part of the Soviet Union at the close of World War II. Although independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Dniester River supporting the Slavic majority population. mostly Ukrainians and Russians, who have proclaimed a "Transnistria" republic. One of the poorest nations in Europe, Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a Communist as its president in 2001.

 

 

 

Policy Statements

 

 

 

Resolution

 

 

 

Opening Speech