Country: Nigeria

Event: Pearl-MUN 2004


Student: Reem Al-Dukair



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The Nigerian National Anthem

Arise, O Compatriots

Arise, O Compatriots,
Nigeria's call obey
To serve our Fatherland
With love and strength and faith.
The labour of our heroes past
Shall never be in vain,
To serve with heart and might
One nation bound in freedom, peace and unity.

O God of creation,
Direct our noble cause;
Guide our Leaders right:
Help our Youth the truth to know,
In love and honesty to grow,
And living just and true,
Great lofty heights attain,
To build a nation where peace and justice reign.



Nigeria


 



Country Profile


Political Structure

The Nigerian capital was officially transferred from Lagos to Abuja on December 12Th of 1991. Most federal government offices have now made the move to Abuja. The Federal Republic of Nigeria possesses an extremely powerful type of government, which is republic transitioning from military to civilian rule. The Federal Republic of Nigeria has received its independence day from the United Kingdom on October 1st 1960.

The Federal Republic of Nigeria’s new constitution was adopted on May 1999. The legal system is based on English common laws, Islamic Shariah law only in some northern states and tradition laws. President Olusegun was elected on May 29Th. 1999; he is the chief of state and head of government. The president appoints the Supreme Court judges and the federal government on advice of the Advisory Judicial committee appoints the Federal Court of Appeal’s judges. The political parties and leaders are: Alliance for Democracy; All Nigeria People’s Party; All Progressives Grand Alliance; National Democratic Party and much more...

 

Geography

The Federal Republic of Nigeria has a population over 133,881,703. The Federal Republic of Nigeria is located western Africa, boarding Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon. Its surface area reaches up to 923,768 sq. km; which is slightly more than twice the size of California. There are hills, plains and mountains in Nigeria, in the south and center of Nigeria it has a tropical weather. Water takes up more than 13,000 sq. km and land takes up more than 910,768 sq. km; land use in Nigeria is permanent crops 2.79%, arable land 30.96% and other 66.25%. The Federal Republic of Nigeria has a lot of environment issues such as soil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution- water, air, and soil and many more problems. The Federal Republic of Nigeria has signed environment international agreements concerning Climate change, desertification, endangered species, hazardous wastes, law of the sea and many more.

 

Natural Resources

The Federal Republic of Nigeria’s natural resources are natural gas, petroleum, tin, columbine, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc and arable land. Every day 2.256 million bbl of oil is produced. Natural gas exported is 7.83 billion cu m. The Federal Republic of Nigeria’s agriculture products are cocoa, peanuts, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, yams, rubber, cattle, sheep, goats, fish and pigs. The Federal Republic of Nigeria’s exports merchandise is petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa and rubber. Its export partners US 32.3%, Brazil 8.3%, Spain 7.2%, Indonesia 5.9%, France 5.6% and India 4.6%. it imports machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food and live animals. The Federal Republic of Nigeria’s imports cost up to $13.6 billion. Nigeria’s import partners are UK 9.6%, US 9.4, China 9.3%, France 8.7%, Germany 6.8%, South Korea 6.1 %, Netherlands 5.2% and Italy 4.7%.

 

Economy

Oil to Nigeria is extremely important since it assembles 95% of its profits. That amount covers the government, but the rate of unemployment is over 28%. On a small fraction of Nigeria the people are suffering from lack of money, food, water and shelter which enhance the number of deaths. In Nigeria there are over 27,000,000 victims of HIV every year.

 

Defense

There are four military branches in Nigeria which are Army, Navy, Air Force, and Police Force. The military expectant age is 18 years old. The available number of Nigerians available is 31,790,482 males from the ages of 15-49, although the number of Nigerians fit for military services are 18,259,099 males from the ages of 15-49. The Nigerian Military costs over $418 million. Nigeria is a peaceful country that doesn’t have a lot of enemies to worry about.

 

Views on World Problem

Despite that Nigeria is a peaceful country, it has two main problems that effect both the Nigerian community and the environment. First as I have stated previously, Nigeria has countless number of environmental issues such as soil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution- water, air, and soil and many more problems. For that, the Federal Republic of Nigeria has signed environment international agreements concerning Climate change, desertification, endangered species, hazardous wastes, law of the sea and many more. The next main issue isn’t only found in Nigeria but all over the world, which is HIV Nigeria, is ranked number 26 in the number of HIV victim’s world wide. In Nigeria only there is over 27 million victims of HIV per year! This is over one third of the population of Nigeria! If this continues it could take out more than three quarters of Nigeria! Nigeria’s allies are United States, United Kingdom, India, Germany, Netherlands, China,

 

History

Nigeria has been ruled for over 17 years. In 1983 General Abacha, a late military ruler, accused of stealing $3 billion from state. In August 193, power transferred to Interim National Government. In 1994, Ogoni an anti-pollution campaigner, executed by military tribunal.

 

 

 

Policy Statements



Issue # 1: The issue of the right and availability of generic drugs.

Generic drugs are less expensive drugs. The FDA’s definition of generic drugs is a chemical clone. Generic drugs are chemically identical to their branded counterparts; they are typically sold at substantial discounts from the branded price. According to the Congressional Budget Office, generic drugs save consumers an estimated $8 to $10 billion a year at retail pharmacies.  Even more billions are saved when hospitals use generics.

Nigeria is aware and is with generic drugs. All countries in Africa have received the right to produce generic drugs after the World Trade Organization’s meeting which joined all African countries to discuss sever issues. One of which is generic drugs; in Nigeria alone there are more than 27,000 victims per year; the estimates are 67% are women and 27% are men. If this continues there will be a larger number of victims per year because of the number of victims available will infect the uninfected. Nigeria is ready to help and support communities to find drugs to solve this problem. Nigeria believes that by using generic drugs it may help reduce the amount spent by government regarding medications and it may also help find a cure for AIDS/HIV. Nigeria feels that precautions should be made to start eliminate infected human beings by isolating them away from the country to be looked over and checked regularly.

 

Issue # 2: The issue of the rights of displaced people.

Each of the culturally distinct groups in Nigeria today is an ethnic group. Ethnic groups are categories of people characterized by cultural criteria of symbols including language, value systems and normative behavior, and whose members are anchored in a particular part of the new state territory.

There are over 250 ethnic groups in Nigeria. Lagos is the largest group till now. In Nigeria ethnic groups cause sever conflicts between each other because they all believe in different beliefs. For example some ethnic groups (will remain unmanned) believe that AIDS should be cured using natural medicines left by their ancestors and some believe that AIDS should be cured by modern medicine. These beliefs could cause conflict or even war between them. Nigeria’s wish is to unite them as one but because of the problems between them.

 

Issue # 3: The issue if the trade of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction.

Weapons that are capable of a high order of destruction and or of being used in such a manner as to destroy large numbers of people they can be nuclear, chemical, biological and radiological weapons.

Nigeria has an army but doesn’t have enemies or reasons to enter war. Nigeria uses its army to settle problems inside the bounders. It is completely against the trade of weapons of mass destruction. Nigeria believes that weapons should be used for country defense and not as toys so that everyone could own a gun. President of Nigeria quoted: " if there was no weapons in the world, we would all live as one and in peace". Nigeria is aware of this problem and is ready to help solve this problem.

 

 

 

Resolution



Defining: Generic drugs are 30-75% cheaper than the original brand name. They contain the same effect as the original brand name,

Taking note: That generic drug could help both rich and poor countries because they are cheaper and contains the same effect as original brand names,

Keeping in mind: that there are over 27,000 people infected with AIDS/HIV in Nigeria alone. And 33.6 million people world wide; 95% of which are located in poor countries only. This indicates that there is either a lack of availability of health care or medication availability,

Approving: the United States of America’s foundation plan for five-year global HIV/AIDS strategy. And President Bush’s commitment to provide $15 billion to fund the Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief.

1. Resolves: that the World Health and Generic Drugs Research Center (WHGDRC) will contain two different organizations.
A. One which will research for cures concerning health diseases and to enhance genetic medications to have a quicker effect, and this organization is for world wide use,
B. Although the second organization is for African countries only, this will place all Africans infected with AIDS/HIV in a secure hospital, with highly educated doctors and nurses and will help stop the uninfected becoming infected with this crucial disease;

2. Confirms: that the WHGDRC will use the latest technology used and recommended by the top research scientists which are the top in the medical field. The medication will be transported by either land (trucks) or sea (boats);

3. Has resolved: that the organization will hire highly recommended scientists and doctors that will carry on the researches concerning different diseases.
A. Doctors and scientist will be recommended by their countries government or Ministry of Health,
B. The doctors will remain in the country where the organization is located and they will meet twice a month were they will discuss their discoveries and mistakes,
C. Every UN Member should have at least one representative;

4. Affirms: that all medications produced by the WHGDRC will be sent to :
A. The amount of people infected,
B. The countries income,
C. the access of the drug in their country;

5. Confirms that the WHGDRC will use the equipment that is best to create or to research medications from the members of the organization.

6. Strongly condemns: that if the country where the doctors came from needs them urgently they may leave the laboratory and attend their countries needs. This will enable them to do both.

 

 

 

Opening speech



Fellow delegates, Honorable chair, and honorable admin. staff

From the land of the great desserts and prosperous tropical forests and the exhilarating sea life, from the land of peace, prosperity and harmony THIS IS NIGERIA. Welcome everyone to the land of freedom to the land that knew no war and no problems, a country with such beauty and so innocent that was until the brutal battle occurred. It devastated the beauty, destroyed the innocence and left more than 68% of the people starving. Fellow delegates, honorable chairs, there is a virus that struck countries and continued the destruction of the HIV it infected over 27,000 people in Nigeria alone and 33.6 million people world wide, this virus is AIDS. But finally it is slowly fading away and the beauty is coming back, the innocent is returning and the virus is slowly disappearing and Nigeria is returning.