Country: Democratic People's Republic of North Korea
Event: Pearl-MUN 2004
Student: Luma Al Fulaij
North Korea is a communist state; One-man leadership.
North Korea has a few political parties. There is The Korean Workerís party, which is the current ruling party of the country and is led by Kim Jong Il , and is also the actual source of political power. Then you have the two smaller parties, which are The Korean Social Democratic Party and The Korean Social Democratic Party.
After World War 2 Korea was split into two. The northern half became a communist state. On the other hand the southern half became western oriented. North Korea now relies on international food aid to feed its population while spending her money to maintain an army of 1 million.
There are no internal conflict in North Korea since all the people are communist and more importantly they are rules by a dictatorship of a one-man leadership.
North Korea borders the Korea Bay and the Sea of Japan, and is between China and South Korea and Russia.
The East Sea and the Korean Strait separate Korea from Japan, while the Yellow sea separates Korea from China.
About 70% of Korea is Mountainous.
There are quite a few natural resources in North Korea such as coal, lead tungsten, zinc, graphite, manesite, iron ore, copper, gold, pyrite, salt, fluorspar, and hydropower. North Korea exports minerals, metallurgical products, manufactures (including armaments); agricultural and fishery products.
The population of North Korea according to the readings done in 2003 is 22,466,481. which range in ages: 0-14 years: 25% (male: 2,845,727; female 2,763,800);
15-64 years: 67.8% (male: 7,485,310; female: 7,746,603);65 years and over: 7.2% (male: 541,155; female: 1,083,889).
The ethnic minorities are the small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese. The religious minorities are that there are some Christian and syncretic Chondogyo. Now almost nonexistent; government-sponsored religious groups exist to provide illusion of religious freedom.
North Koreaís main trading partners are the former USSR, former European communist countries, Japan, Germany, France and other Europeans countries.
The government of North Korea maintains a highly centralized, or state-controlled, economy. After the establishment of the Democratic Peopleís Republic in 1948, all industry was nationalized and agriculture was collected. Government economic policy emphasized a doctrine of self-reliance and downgraded the role of foreign trade. Economic plans gave emphasis to the development of heavy industry and the mechanization of agriculture. In the early 2000s North Korea faced severe economic problems, following more than a decade of economic decline.
The official monetary system used in North Korea in the Won (W), which is divided into 100 Chon or Jun.
The Korean Workerís Party maintains political control of the military. In 2001 the total military personnel was about 1,082,000, and is distributed into: army, 950,000; navy, 46,000; and air force, 86,000.
Although North Korea has a severe economic crisis, the country has imported $400 million worth of weapons over the last five years, which included: combat planes, submarine parts and air-search radar. Also, North Korea has exported Scud missiles and other missile related accessories that are worth more than $110 million. She has exported them to Middle East countries such as Iran over the past three years. Koreaís mainly imports weapons from Russia, Germany, Japan, China, and Belarus.
Views on World Problems:
North Koreaís allies are China and Russia. On the other hand North Korea is an enemy to a lot of countries especially the United States or America.
North Koreaís foreign relations consist of all the super power countries such as: The US and China. North Korea also has special relations with her other half South Korea.
North Korea is a member in a lot of regional organizations, such as: ARF, ESCAP, FAO,G-77, ICAO, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, IMO, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WtoO.
Scientists have found evidence that people in the southwest part of Korean peninsula about 30,000 years ago. But little is known about prehistoric times in what is now is Korea. In 1910, Japan took complete control of Korea. They over the management business and set up many new industries and put them under Japanese control. Also the Japanese government took much of the land in Korea and sold it to Japanese settlers. Korea remained under Japanese control until 1945, when japan was defeated in world War 2. After Japanís defeat, US. troops occupied the southern half of Korea, and Russian forces occupied the northern half. For two years the US, Russia, the two Korean governments, and Britain tried to develop a plan for reuniting Korea. They failed, and the US submitted the problem to the UN in 1947.
The Korean War began on June 25,1950, when troops from North Korea invaded South Korea. It ended on July 27, 1953, when the UN and North Korea signed a truce. A permanent peace between South and North Korea which has never been signed. The Korean was one of the bloodiest wars in history. About a million South Korean civilians were killed and several million were made homeless. About 580,000 UN and South Korean troops and about 1,600,000 North Korean troops were killed or wounded or were reported missing.
1) The issue of the rights and availability of generic drugs:
Generic drugs are copies of a brand name drug whose patent has expired. The original manufacturer of a drug receives a patent on the drug and is the only manufacturer who can produce and sell the drug during the patent period. Once the patent expires, other manufacturers may produce and sell the drug. These manufacturers usually sell the drug using a generic name since chemical names are usually long and complicated.
North Korea approves on the rights of availability of generic drugs. It approves because generic drugs are a good way to heal sick people, and diseases for people that cannot afford expensive drugs can actually buy these drugs inexpensive drugs and can be finally cured. And because North Korea has a percent of its people suffer form HIV Aids, and they canít afford to pay for the drugs to cure their diseases.
2) The issue of the rights of displaced people:
There are sometimes confusion about what are displaced people. If a family or community is forced by way, politics, economics, or natural disaster to temporarily lease their country, there is a global network of refugee and international organizations to offer assistance. These are not called displaced people. But if that same family or community is forced by the same factors to leave their homes but remain inside the borders of their country, they are called "displaced people", and there is no global network of support.
In 1995 North Korea had the most devastating floods that displaced a half a million people and caused severe food shortages in much of the country. This crisis leads to an even bigger crisis dealing with food aid. Millions of people in North Korea are at risk of dying from hunger. Seventy percent of North Koreaís 23 million people living in urban areas are set to decline to no more than 300 grams per person per day of food!
3) The issue of the trade of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction:
"Weapons of mass destruction" is a term used to refer to biological, chemical, radiological, nuclear or large explosive weapons. To start with a biological weapon. Can be a missile, bomb, or other devices used to deliver and distribute biological agents that are designed to cause disease, death, or damage to the environment and to humans. Secondly, chemical weapons are weapons that contain harmful chemicals such as nerve gas or poison. Finally, a nuclear weapon is an explosive nuclear device that gets its explosive power from nuclear fission or fusion. North Korea is a major trader of weapons. She trades a lot with China, Paki, and Russia.
The USA considers North Korea as part of " Axis of evil!" along with Iraq and Iran. North Koreaís policy towards this is that USA should s top taking actions for some countries that trade weapons and threaten these and encourage other countries like Israel to produce more weapons. And stop saying that these countries have those weapons to threaten other countries with or to even attack other countries with when these countries have them as a sort of protection, but USA does allow the other countries to have them. Why? As a sort of protection. Recently North Korea said that it was willing to negotiate over its nuclear weapons program if the United States with draws its "hostile policy" toward the communist country. But the United States said that the North Koreaís nuclear program is a non-negotiable issue and must be removed immediately. North Korea is not an embraced of any international regulations, for it has with drawn from the NPT.
Delegate: Luma Al-Fulaij Forum: General Assembly Country: DPR Korea Issue: Trade of nuclear weapons of mass destruction
Defines that weapons of mass destruction is a term that is to refer to biological, chemical, radiological, nuclear or large explosive weapons and are also defensive deterrents,
Aware of that countries are being inspected on although they are not signed in the NPT
Keeping in Mind that neither North Korea nor Israel has signed in the NPT,
Noting that inspections have been done in North Korea and not in Israel,
Deeply concerned that other countries that havenít signed the NPT havenít had inspections for friendly reasons,
Taking into Consideration that non-signed members of the NPT have had inspections for nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction when they donít have the right to do so,
Emphasizing that inspections should only take place in countries that have signed in the NPT,
1. Declares that countries that have not signed or have withdrawn from the NPT shall under no circumstances be inspected;
2. Emphasizes that any country is welcome to be a member, and the chair will be elected by the members every 2 years,
3. Calls upon that the UN will form a sub committee of the IAEA that will overlook the trade of weapons of mass destruction;
4. Resolves that the main headquarters will be held in the IAEA;
5. Aware that weapons of mass destruction are defensive deterrents;
6. Request research from all countries willing to help the IAEA;
7. Trusts that inspections should only take place in countries that have not signed the NPT;
8. Further requests that the sub organization provides groups of inspectors to go inspect for nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction in countries that have signed in the NPT;
9. Notes that the IAEA will provide the inspectors and satellites to deal with the inspections;
10. Affirms that countries that disobey the rules will have to face the head quarters so that they could deal with itís consequences;
11. Reminds that all countries that have not signed the NPT or withdrawn should not have been overlooked;
Fellow delegates, honorable chair. You may think of North Korea as a country of weapons, war, violence, and hatred; but what is a country if it canít protect itself. Our dear leader Kim Jong Il believes in equal rights for his people. What are equal rights? What is a definition of equal rights? They are the rights that every country and every people should have.
Why is it that the eagle that represents justice, liberty, and equality can have weapons of mass destruction when North Korea canít? Is that defining equality, or even justice or liberty? Well is it? Just take a moment to think about that.