Tadjikhstan

Event: Pearl-MUN 2004

Student: Ahmad Shahroor



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The Tadjikh National Anthem



Tadjikhistan


 



Country Profile



Political Structure:

The conventional long form: Republic of Tajikistan, the conventional short form: Tajikistan local short form: Tajikiston former: Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic local long form: Jumhurii Tojikiston. Its capital is Dushanbe. Its is a republic. Its date of Independence is 9 September 1991 (from Soviet Union) Its legal system is based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts.

 

Geography:

Tajikistan lies in central Asia,, the west of china. The size of Tajikistan is 143,100 sq. km. The water they have is about 400 sq. km. Its boarder countries are Afghanistan, China, Krygyztan, Uzbekistan. Its climate is midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters., As all, Tajikistan has some natural hazards such as, earthquakes and floods.

 

Natural resources:

hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold., Their land use is, arable land: 5.41% permanent crops: 0.92% other: 93.67% (1998 est.)

 

Cultural Factors:

Tajikistan's population, 6,863,752. Its age structures are: 0-14 years: 39.8% (male 1,376,244; female 1,353,108) 15-64 years: 55.5% (male 1,896,509; female 1,915,334) 65 years and over: 4.7% (male 140,993; female 181,564) (2003 est.) Their median age is 19.3years 19 years are male. , however 19.6 are female. Their population growth rate is2.13%. On the other hand their death rate is 2.13%. Their birth rate is 32.78 births/ 1,000. The AIDS victims are less than 1%. The religions are 85% Sunni Muslims and 5% Shia Muslims. Their Ethic groups, are 64% Tajikis, 25% Uzbec, 3% Russians.

 

Economy:

Tajikistan has the lowest per capita GDP among the 15 former Soviet republics. Only 8% to 10% of the land area is arable. Cotton is the most important crop. Mineral resources, varied but limited in amount, include silver, gold, uranium, and tungsten. Industry consists only of a large aluminum plant, hydropower facilities, and small obsolete factories mostly in light industry and food processing. The civil war (1992-97) severely damaged the already weak economic infrastructure and caused a sharp decline in industrial and agricultural production.

Even though 60% of its people continue to live in abject poverty, Tajikistan has experienced steady economic growth since 1997. Continued privatization of medium and large state-owned enterprises will further increase productivity. Tajikistan's economic situation, however, remains fragile due to uneven implementation of structural reforms, weak governance, widespread unemployment, and the external debt burden. A debt restructuring agreement was reached with Russia in December 2002, including an interest rate of 4%, a 3-year grace period, and a US $49.8 million credit to the Central Bank of Tajikistan.

purchasing power parity - $1,300 (2002 est.)

 

Military/Defense:

Army, Air Force and Air Defense Force, Presidential National Guard, Security Forces (internal and border troops), you must be at least 18 years old to enter the army. Their ability is concentrated from 18-30 year old men. The military pays 35.4 million dollars. 3.9 % of the population

 

Views on world problems:

Tajikistan is more an internal country, so it is not in many organizations, the three main organizations that are the WHO, UN and the UNICEF, Tajikistan is interested in the generic drugs issue that is going around the world right know, also, it is very interested in the Iraqi crisis.

 

History:

Tajikistan or officially Republic of Tajikistan (1994 estimated population 5,995,000), 55,251 square miles (143,100 square kilometers), central Asia, formerly a constituent republic of the USSR. It borders China (East); Afghanistan (South); Kyrgyzstan (North); and Uzbekistan (West, North West). The largely mountainous nation has what was the USSR's highest mountain, Communism Peak, formerly Garmo Peak (24,590 feet or 7,495 meters). The majority of the population are Tajiks, a Sunni Muslim people; Uzbeks and Russians are the largest minorities. The official language is Tajik, which is closely related to Persian (Farsi).
Dushanbe city (1989 population 595,000) is the capital of Tajikistan. It was known as Dyushambe until 1929, when it was renamed Stalinabad and became the capital of the Tadzhik SSR. The name was changed to Dushanbe in 1961. Other important cities are Khujand, Yavan, and Qûrghonteppa (Kurgan-Tyube) Probably descended from the inhabitants of ancient Sogdiana, a Persian province between the Amu Darya and Syr Darya, the Tajiks were successful in farming, crafts, and trade by the 9th century. Between the 13th and 19th century they were ruled by the Mongols, Uzbeks, and Russians. In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution (1917), the Tajiks rebelled and were not subdued by the Bolsheviks until 1921. The territory became an autonomous republic in Soviet Uzbekistan in 1924; in 1929 it became the Tadzhik SSR, a constituent republic of the USSR.

Tajikistan declared (1991) its independence following the failed coup against Soviet President Gorbachev. When the Tajik president sought to suspend the Communist party, the Communist majority in the parliament replaced him, which led pro-Islamic and pro-democratic opposition groups and their eastern Tajikistan allies to try to bring down the new president, former party boss Rakhman Nabiyev. In 1992 Nabiyev was ousted by opposition militias, and an ethnically based civil war erupted. Forces allied with the former Nabiyev government retook the capital and most of the country, and the parliament elected Imamali Rakhmonov president. Fighting between government troops, supported by the Russian army, and pro-Islamic forces persisted along the Afghanistan border, but in 1994 a cease-fire was signed. Rakhmonov won election as president in 1994; antigovernment forces did not participate in the vote. Tajikistan is a member of the Commonwealth Of Independent States.

 

 

 

Policy Statements

 

Issue # 1: The issue of the rights and availability of generic drugs:

A generic drug is a drug, which is equal or equivalent to a brand name drug (Example panadol in Tajikistan is called Anamodol.) As you all know Tajikistan is a very poor country. Let me remind you that 52% of Tajikistan’s population suffers poverty. So, when pharmacies create the exact same drug for a cheaper this will probably help the country. Nothing states that the availability of generic drugs is illegal, in fact generic drugs are legal in Tajikistan, because it helps the population and gets rid of diseases, if it was up to me generic drugs would be a 100% legal only in poor countries, such as Tajikistan and all other stains.

Moving on, Tajikistan thinks that there must be certain measures taken for the availability of generic drugs to increase. For example, Tajikistan thinks that the UN should help poor countries with the exports and imports of generic drugs, generic drugs are good to society because it decreases two things, which are, the amount of people affected by a certain disease also, it decreases poverty in a country.

 

Issue # 2: The issue of the rights of displaced people:

Displaced people are Families and groups who are forced to leave their homes. As you probably know there are two types of displacement, which are the IDP and the EDP. The IDP stands for internally displaced people, and the EDP stands for externally displaced people.

IDP, in Tajikistan may move for example, from Dushanbee to Dacorta, which is in the Tajikistani boarder. IDP is rarely found in Tajikistan because wherever they go the people will suffer the same problem they suffered at home. Also, Tajikistani relatives are very helpful to each other, so the people refuse to move until forced or threatened. IDP happens because of political, ethnic conflicts or economic, developmental, and environmental reasons.

Moving on, EDP is commonly found in Tajikistan because the people are trying to make a living. Tajikistanis often move to Russia, Afghanistan and Uzbekistan. Although it really wouldn’t help if they moved to Afghanistan or Uzbekistan because more or less these two countries suffer nearly the same problems. As all, EDP face many difficulties such as poverty, or broken homes, which force people to leave their homes. EDP I personally feel sorry for EDP. The republic of Tajikistan feels great sympathy for EDP. The government sometimes forces people to leave the country as a result of crime or so but this is very rare.

 

Issue # 3: The issue of the trade of nuclear weapons or weapons of mass destruction:

Weapons of mass destruction are weapons that can be used to destroy a large number of people and a large scale of land. There are many types of these weapons; some of them may be biological, chemical and even nuclear. Thank god Tajikistan has never been hit with a nuclear bomb before and has never been accused of using one. As stated before Tajikistan is a country that suffers poverty and does not own the money to purchase a weapon of mass destruction.

Tajikistan has not threatened anyone of using a weapon of mass destruction against them, or has been threatened. Tajikistan does not own anything but land that can be traded with weapons of mass destruction and has not yet been offered. Tajikistan says OK to the trade of weapons of mass destruction unless threatened to be bombed by one or any other Muslim country.

 

 

 

Resolution

 

Forum: General Assembly
Delegation: Tajikistan
Delegate: Ahmad Shahroor

Brings to attention the fact that not all countries are rich enough to afford brand name drugs, and therefore need generic drugs,

Defining generic drugs as drugs that are reproduced from original brand name companies, in order for them to become cheaper and more affordable for poor countries,

Urging that all nations take into account the fact that poor countries exist and that they also rely on drugs for many diseases,

Stressing on the point that not all drugs have a cheaper generic drug complement, and that generic drugs have been generally accepted by most professional doctors,

1. Resolves that a UN sub-organization called the UNGDP (United Nations Generic Drug Program) be created, this program will:
A. Have its main branch in New York with the UN main headquarters,
B. Have other smaller branches in other countries that are in need of generic drugs,
C. There will be 250 workers split into the following:
1. 10 UN experts in medicine,
2. 200 workers who can produce drugs,
3. 40 workers responsible for transportation and distribution of the generic drugs;

2. Further resolves that the UNGDP will be responsible for:
A. Surveying the country and finding our which drugs the country needs, and which price is the reasonable one to charge, according to the countries economic status,
B. Finding the ingredients of new generic drugs,
C. Mass producing already existent generic drugs that are needed in the country;

3. Requests that all countries, if this resolution were to pass, would pay an annual 1% of their GDP, in order for this to happen the following must be true:
A. The country must not be in an economic depression state,
B. The countries 1% of the GDP be more than $1 million,
C. The country that pays will pay the money voluntarily, and will not have to do so;

4. Stresses that the counties who do pay the amount mentioned in (3) will have the following priorities:
A. Their medical needs will be fulfilled first,
B. They will be given the generic drugs first,
C. The above priorities will be given as an incentive, and will not exclude countries that cannot pay the fee;

5. Assures all countries that the money obtained from the fee will be used for the following:
A. Experimentation and the making of new generic drugs,
B. Reproduction of already existing generic drugs,

C. The testing of both the new and old generic drugs,
D. Transportation and distribution of the generic drugs;

6. Further assures all countries that before any generic drug is produced the following will take place:
A. The UNGDP will take permission before remaking any drug,
B. The UNGDP will make sure they do not break any copyright that the brand name owner has over the drug;

7. Announces that in order for the brand name companies to accept the reproduction of their drug, the following incentives will be placed:
A. The brand name company will get 60% of all the UNGDP’s income,

B. The brand name company will have copyrights over the generic drug enhanced from their original product;

8. Urges that all countries vote for this resolution so as to help the poor countries that need the drugs, and to also help the rich countries in the long run by decreasing the price of drugs overall.

 

 

 

Opening Speech:



The ideal world for Tajikistan is that of one filled with peace and prosperity.

Honorable chair, and fellow delegates,

Tajikistan is here today for that reason, to create a world everyone can be proud of, and that everyone can live in. A world free of problems and chaos. We are here today to discuss three main topics, nuclear weapons, displaced people, and most importantly generic drugs. This is a vital issue for Tajikistan as 53% of our people are under the poverty line, and really need the medicine they cant afford. Today Tajikistan urges all countries to put aside their differences, and to try to pass as much resolutions as possible that can make the world a better one. Tajikistan, your friend and ally in our mission to peace salutes you.

Your Brother in Islam, Ahmad Shahroor.