Student: Nouriya AL-Sager
Turkey is the short form name to the Republic of Turkey. Its government type is a republican parliamentary democracy fro 81 Turkish provinces; the capital is Ankara. The main power in turkey is the president which is elected at least every 5 years, which is currently Ahmed Necedet. The main political branches for Turkey are the executive branch; which consists of a president, prime minister and the council of ministers, the legislative branch; which consists of a grand national assembly chosen by national elections at least every 5 years, and the Judicial branch; which consists of a constitutional court, Court of Cassation and Council of State. Political parties include the Democratic Left Party , Nationalist Action Party, Motherland Party, Virtue Party, and the Republican peoples party.
Turkey has a wide range of resources, which are coal, mercury, copper, borate, sulphur, iron and ore. The agricultural sector in Turkey is of major importance as it provides more than 50% employment. Although the textile is Turkeys largest manufacturing industry. Turkeys main crops are wheat and barley, but its major cash crops are cotton, sugar beets, hazelnuts, and tobacco.
Turkeys population consists of 65.5 million individuals. Its ethnic groups consist of Turks and Kurds. The religions practiced in Turkey are 98% Muslims and the rest are a minority of Christians and Jews. The official language spoken in Turkey is Turkish but Arabic, English and Kurdish are also widely understood.
The Republic of Turkey occupies a total area of 766,640 sq. kilometers. Countries that border Turkey are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq and Syria. Turkeys terrains are made up of a narrow coastal plain that surrounds Anatolia, an inland plateau that becomes increasingly rugged as it progresses eastward. Turkey includes one of the most earthquake-prone areas of the world. The climate in Turkey is moderate in coastal areas, harsher temperatures inland.
Geographically, Turkey forms a natural bridge between the old world continents of Asia, Africa and Europe. Despite the existence of broad plains and plateaus, the topography is largely hilly and mountainous across Turkey as a whole.
The Republic of Turkey forms a very strong self powered army. The military is powered and functioned by only Turkey without the aid of other countries although Turkey does get aid from the UN in cases of famine or emergencies ( e.g. earthquakes). Its military branches include land forces, navy, air forces, coast guards and Gendarmerie, and the military manpower availability is approximately 19, 534, 455 individuals.
The economy of Turkey is considered to be at stake. Turkey gains approximately 38 billion dollars a year from their to their balance when they lose approximately 45 billion dollars from that same balance which does put turkey in stake. Most of the labor force in Turkey work as farmer with a very low income which means that the country has a few individuals that are able to work on raising the countrys economy. Turkey external debts reached an approximate of $ 118.3 billion during the year of 2oo2. Turkey has many good economical partners which are their import and export partners which include US, UK, Germany, Russia, France and Italy.
In 1923, the legendary Mustafa Kemal founded the Republic of Turkey. He was a Turkish World War I leader known as "Atartuk" or " the father of the Turks." Turkey gained its independence after the collapse of the 600-year-old Ottoman Empire. The Empire controlled vast stretches of northern Africa, Southern Europe and Western Asia. The rise of the nationalism impelled several ethnic groups to seek independence, leading to the Empires fragmentation. This process led to the disastrous Empires participation in World War I as a German ally. After being defeated, the Ottoman structure was repudiated by Turkish nationalist who became under Mustafa Kemals leadership.
Turkey entered World War II on the allied side shortly before the war ended and became a charter member of the United Nations Security Council. Difficulties faced by Greece and the Soviet Union towards Turkey caused the United States to declare the Trumann Doctrine in 1947. After participating with the United Nations forces in the Korean conflict, Turkey in 1952 joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
Issue # 1: The Rights of Displaced People:
Displaced people are people that have fled from their homes because their lives are in danger, but have gone into hiding in their home country. They have fled from their homes for reasons such as religion, political beliefs, ethnic groups or way of life puts them in danger of arrest, torture or death.
More than 40,000 individuals are considered to be displaced people in Turkey., 74% of these people are children under the age of 15. Most of these people are growing up in farms without proper education, nutrition and funds to help them grow normally. This problem in the most important humanistic related issue that concerns Turkey. If or when these children at least are properly taken care of, the result may be a raise in economy due to the fact that you will be having more educated people and more people that are going to be eligible to take over the countrys affairs and issues while really being able to solve them. Turkey is against the idea of leaving these people displaced but is currently unable to fully focus on resolving this problem due to the fact that there are many other affairs that are occupying the country, although still what the country is able to afford, it is giving in.
Issue # 2: The question of rights and availability of generic drugs:
Generic drugs are drugs that have the same components of brand named drugs but are not branded. These drugs have the same effect as the brand named drugs have and are usually made in small labs. Generic drugs are of crucial need to Turkey as they are cheap in cost. Many Turkish citizens cannot afford to pay for brand named drugs so they rely on the generic drugs.
If generic drugs are banned, people who cannot afford brand named drugs will not be able to buy any kind of drugs which will lead to an increase and uncontrolled number of diseases which may be spread out. Turkey agrees with the idea of having generic drugs available at the markets and to give the needed people a chance in having a better life, and the more capable people the choice between different brands of drugs.
Issue # 3: The question of measures to stop the trade of nuclear and weapons of mass destruction.
Nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction have become a big threat on our recent world. These weapons are starting to become one of the main reasons that are causing much conflicts between nations.
Turkey does not agree with the fact that such weapons must exist between nations. As it is a peaceful country, it believes that there are many alternate solutions that could be used rather than using such kinds of destructive weapons. Turkey agrees with the fact that the trade of nuclear and weapons of mass destruction should be stopped and all similar weapons should be destroyed in order to take a further step into making the world a better and more peaceful world to live in.
Defining Internally displaced people as ones who had to flee to another part of their country to seek safety due to dangers like racial origin, cultural background or linguistics but have not crossed an international border,
Alarmed by the fact that the amount of internally displaced people has increased to 25 million worldwide in the past few years,
Keeping in mind the "Eight years after the UN. General Assembly first considered the problem of these homeless people, some gains have been made but there is still a pressing need "for effective action," said Francis Deng, the UN. representative in change of the internally displaced people,
Promotes the respects for Human Rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction to religion, race, gender and language,
Noting with deep concern the fact that Amnesty International has received constant reports of torture and abuse of displaced and ethnic people without the exception of women and children from around the globe,
1. Seeking international attention and corrective measures, educating the public and rehabilitation of the victims;
2. Affirming the importance of the international instruments on human rights and on the status of refugees and victims of war and generalized violence;
3. Declares the creation of the United Nations Minority Organization (UNMO) which consists of the following: A. The UNMO will consist of twenty chairs that are globally voted upon B. The UNMO will be based in Geneva beside the UNICEF headquarters which deals with the human rights for easy communication C. Branches will be distributed in each country that is in need in help with problems of displaced people, D. The UNMO will rehabilitate children and adults into having proper nutrition, education, and financial aid;
4. Confirms that the UNMO will use the latest techniques and medical technology in order to aid the displaced people and help them develop new skills;
5. Further resolves that this organization will hire professional and professors who are capable of assisting the displaced people and educating them: A. Each representative in the UN could have a representative in the organization, B. They will assemble with the displaced people at least once a month in order to have group sessions and activities, C. These activities may vary from psychological help to child care and physical rehabilitation
6. proclaims that the UNMO will have main headquarters other than the ones that are located in the needed countries be in the following countries: A. Singapore to cover the Asian region, B. UAE to cover the Middle East region, C. Jamaica to cover the American region, D. Germany to cover the Europe region;
7. Calls upon government, civil societies and non-governmental organizations to setup community based groups which could assist safety and welfare of children and women;
8. Further Recommends that the governments would make available information on measures taken in this regard;
9. Ensures that any victim of torture of inhuman treatment will receive full compensation as required under international law;
10. Urges all countries to vote for this resolution as it actually acts upon solving the problem of displaced people and is not just a wish list.
A foot in Europe and the other in the Middle East.. How can a country be more cultured and fascinating?
Well, Turkey is a truly remarkable country that will surely capture your heart. The Turkish people have an unrivaled reputation for hospitality, the cuisine is to die for, the coastline is a dream and many Turkish cities are dotted with spectacular mosaics and castles. Whether you leave Turkey with magnificent carpets, amulets to ward off evil, belly-dancing tips, an appreciation for its history or just a tan, youre likely to want to go back for more.