Organization: The Organization of Islamic Countries
Event: Yale-MUN 2004, Alternative Assignment
Student: Abdullah Behbehani
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A. The OIC Aims to:
1. Strengthen:a) Islamic solidarity among Member States; b) Cooperation in the political, economic, social, cultural and scientific fields: c) The struggle of all Muslim people to safeguard their dignity, independence and national rights.
2.Coordinate action to: a) Safegaurd the Holy Places b) Support the struggle of the Palestinian people and assist them in recovering their rights and liberating their occupied territories.
3.Work to: a) Eliminate racial discrimination and all forms of colonialism; b) Create a favorable atmosphere for the promotion of cooperation and understanding between Member States and other countries.
The Charter also enumerates principles which OIC Member States undertake to inspire themselves from, in order to achieve the objectives of the Organization. Now these goals are obvious, but how does it do achieve them? They have divided the organization into four parts:
1. Islamic Summit Conference
The Islamic Summit Conference is the supreme body of the OIC entrusted with defining strategies for the OIC policies and actions. It convenes once every three years.
2. The Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers(ICFM)
The ICFM considers the means of implementing the general policy of the organization and adopts resolutions accordingly. It meets in regular sessions once a year. There are also ICFM special sessions as required by circumstances.
3. The General Secretariat
It carries out dutues entrusted to it by the above conferences as the Organisation's executive organ. The headquarters are in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The General Secretariat is headed by a Secretary General elected by the ICFM for a period of four years, renewable once only.
4. The International Islamic Court of Justice
The establishment of the Court has been decided by the Third Islamic Summit. It is envisioned to have 7 members elected by the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers and to have headquarters in Kuwait City, the State of Kuwait.
5. Subsidiary Organs:
A. The Statistical, Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic Countries,, (SESRTCIC), Ankara, Turkey
B. The Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture, (IRCICA), Istanbul, Turkey C. The Islamic Institute of Technology,,( IIT), Dhaka, Bangladesh D. The Islamic Centre for Development of Trade, (ICDT), Casablanca, Morocco E. The Islamic Fiqh Academy, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia F. The Islamic Solidarity Fund, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia G. The International Commission for the Preservation of the Islamic Heritage Istanbul, Turkey H. Islamic University of Niger I. Islamic University of Uganda
6. Specialised Institutions A. The Islamic Development Bank, (IDB), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia B. The Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation, (ISESCO), Rabat, Morocco C. The International Islamic News Agency,(IINA), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia D. The Islamic States Broadcasting Organisation, (ISBO), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
7. Affiliated Institutions A. The Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry, (ICCI) Karachi, Pakistan B. The Islamic Committee of the International Crescent, (ICIC) , Benghazi, Libya C. The Organization of the Islamic Shipowners Association, (OISA) , Jeddah, Saudi Arabia D. The International Association of Islamic Banks, Cairo, Egypt E. The Organization of Islamic Capitals and Cities, (OICC) , Makkah Al-Mukarramah, Saudi Arabia F. The Sports Federation of Islamic Solidarity Games, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia G. The World Federation of International Arabo-Islamic Schools, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
The Organization was established in Rabat, Kingdom of Morocco, on 12 Rajab 1389H (25 September 1969) when the First meeting of the leaders of the Islamic world was held in this city in the wake of the criminal arson perpetrated on 21 August 1969 by Zionist elements against Al-Aqsa Mosque, in occupied Jerusalem. It was indeed in order to defend the honour, dignity and faith of the Muslims, to face this bitter challenge launched in the holy city of Al-Quds so dear to them and against the Mosque of Al-Aqsa, the first Qibla and third holiest Shrine of Islam, that the leaders of the Muslim world, at their Summit in Rabat, seized that event - which brought about unanimous worldwide condemnation and reprobation - to think together of their common cause and muster the force required to overcome their differences, unite and lay the foundations of this large grouping of States, that is, the Organization of the Islamic Conference which they entrusted, in absolute priority, with liberating Jerusalem and Al-Aqsa from Zionist occupation.
Six months after that historical meeting, i.e. in Muharram 1390H (March 1970), the First Islamic Conference of Ministers of Foreign Affairs held in Jeddah set up a permanent General Secretariat, to ensure a liaison among Member States and charged it to coordinate their action. The Conference appointed its Secretary General and chose Jeddah as the Headquarters of the Organization, pending the liberation of Jerusalem, which would be the permanent Headquarters.
Two and a half years after Rabat, in Muharram 1392H (February 1972), the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers, meeting in its Third Session, adopted the Charter of the Organization, whose purpose is to strengthen solidarity and cooperation among Islamic States in the political, economic, cultural, scientific and social fields.
The Islamic Conference of Information Ministers set up an Experts Group, which it entrusted with studying ways and means to achieve cooperation between Member States, so that maximum benefit could be reaped from modern radio and television technologies. The study is now in its advanced stages, and the Experts Group will hold its third meeting during the second half of 2000, to further consider the issue.
Regarding communication tariffs applied to the mass media, the fifth session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers decided that the relevant group should further consider the issue of reducing tariffs so as to maximize the benefits for all Member States in this area.
Thanks to the follow-up and coordination of the Information Department at the OIC General Secretariat on the one hand and of the Islamic States Broadcasting Organization (ISBO) and the International Islamic News Agency (IINA) on the other, the two organizations have been able continue the activities aimed at fulfilling the tasks entrusted to them despite the difficult financial hurdles.
ISBO has been able to execute most episodes of the television program for the teaching of Arabic to Non-Arabic speakers.
C. Internal activities
1. Use of the Internet to keep up-to-date on websites of interest to Islam and Member States.
Launching the OIC General Secretariat’s website on the Internet and using it to publicize the activities of the Organization in the context of joint Islamic action.
2. Continuing the publication of Al-Mutamar Magazine, launched in 1997, with five issues published so far.
3. Implementing an annual action program within the Information plan and in accordance with the priorities laid down therein and approved by the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers,
4.Updating and issuing the fifth reprint of the OIC Guide.
Political Allies of this organizations is, of course, all Islamic countries as well as the member countries. Muslim counries are tied with each other very closely because of their religion and they strive to achieve the same goals. The Islamic Republic of Iran might have have some differences with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia because Saudia Arabia consists mostly of Sunnas while Iran consists of Shia's. Israel strongly condemns this organization and would like it to be no more since it is against Islam in every aspect. Non Muslim countries are not as closely related with the Muslim countries and do not have as much potential to go through with plans as much as Muslim countries do. They dom, however, support Muslim countries and are willing to help.
This is the plan to enhance budget considerations:
1. Statistical Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic Countries (SESRTCIC), Ankara. (Subsidiary body).
2. Islamic Centre for Development of Trade (ICDT), Casablanca. (Subsidiary body).
3. Islamic Development Bank (IDB), Jeddah. (Specialised body).
4. Standing Committee for Economic and Commercial Cooperation Among Member States of the OIC (COMCEC), Istanbul.
5. Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ICCI), Karachi.
6. Islamic Shipowners’ Association (ISA), Jeddah.
7. International Association of Islamic Banks (IAIB), Jeddah.
A. Strengths of this Organization are that:
1. There are 1.3 billion Muslims supporting it
2. Have the biggest oil reserve in the world
3. Familiar with working of working on the world's finance and economy.
4. Control 50 out of the 180 countries in the world
5. Votes can make or break international organizations
These strengths helped in developing an organization called the Standing Committee for Information and Cultural Affairs. ring the Third Islamic Summit held in Mecca and Taief, in 1981, an information institution was established in the form of the Standing Committee for Information and Cultural Affairs (COMIAC), chaired by the President of the Republic of Senegal, who defines the policies of the Committee and provides the necessary impetus for its activities. The Committee decides on the guidelines of information policies and approves the various information programs and activities.
B. Weaknesses of this Organization are:
1. Have no superpower support
2. Are not advanced in technological fields
3. Regarded as "terrorists"
4. Cannot overcome problems with ease i.e Jews. This ongoing battle to remove the Jewish from Palestine has been going on for a long while now. They are trying to solve it in everyway possible but are hardly reaching it. The Jewish are supported by the United States and the OIC cannot solve this problem when the United States is in the way. It is too weak of an organization to remove the United States out of the way despite having many countries and people to back it up.
Alhamdulillah, All Praise be to Allah, by whose Grace and Blessings we are gathered here today to confer and hopefully plot a course for the future of Islam and the Muslim ummah worldwide.
To begin with, the governments of all the Muslim countries can close ranks and have a common stand if not on all issues, at least on some major ones, such as on Palestine. We are all Muslims. We are all oppressed. We are all being humiliated. But we who have been raised by Allah above our fellow Muslims to rule our countries have never really tried to act in concert in order to exhibit at our level the brotherhood and unity that Islam enjoins us.
From being a single ummah, we have allowed ourselves to be divided into numerous sects, mazhabs and tarikats, each more concerned with claiming to be the true Islam than our oneness as the Islamic ummah. We fail to notice that our detractors and enemies do not care whether we are true Muslims or not. To them, we are all Muslims, followers of a religion and a Prophet whom they declare promotes terrorism, and we are all their sworn enemies. They will attack and kill us, invade our lands, bring down our governments, whether we are Sunnis or Syiahs, Alawait or Druse or whatever. And we aid and abet them by attacking and weakening each other, and sometimes by doing their bidding, acting as their proxies to attack fellow Muslims. We try to bring down our governments through violence, succeeding to weaken and impoverish our countries. We ignore entirely and we continue to ignore the Islamic injunction to unite and to be brothers to each other, we, the governments of the Islamic countries and the ummah.
Some would have us believe that, despite all these, our life is better than that of our detractors. Some believe that poverty is Islamic, sufferings and being oppressed are Islamic. This world is not for us. Ours are the joys of heaven in the afterlife. All that we have to do is to perform certain rituals, wear certain garments and put up a certain appearance.
Our weakness, our backwardness and our inability to help our brothers and sisters who are being oppressed are part of the Will of Allah, the sufferings that we must endure before enjoying heaven in the hereafter.
We must accept this fate that befalls us. We need not do anything. We can do nothing against the Will of Allah.