Event: Yale-MUN 2004, Alternative Assignment
Student: Nasser Qatami
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In the 11th December of 1946, the United Nations General Assembly on originally known as the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF), the UN Children's Fund has employed three approaches in discharging its mandate.
At an expenditure of $112,000,000, UNICEF distributed various articles of clothing to five million children in twelve countries, vaccinated eight million against tuberculosis, rebuilt milk processing and distribution facilities, and, at the climax of its effort in Europe, provided a daily supplementary meal to millions of children.
In the decade of the seventies, UNICEF will attempt to elevate the quality of life of children in the developing nations, coordinating its efforts with those of the governments concerned. UNICEF hopes to increase its assistance during the decade, aiming at an annual level of $100,000,000 by 1975, and to enlist complementary support from international, multinational, and nongovernmental agencies.
Stark statistics for UNICEF's twenty-five-year history reveal only a facet of the constructive work accomplished, but they provide some indication of its scope: 71,000,000 children examined for trachoma and 43,000,000 treated; 425,000,000 examined for yaws and 23,000,000 treated; 400,000,000 vaccinated against tuberculosis, many millions protected from malaria, and 415,000 discharged as cured of leprosy; 12,000 rural health centers and several thousand maternity wards established in eighty-five countries; help given to provide equipment for 2,500 teacher training schools, 56,000 primary and secondary schools, 965 pre-vocational training schools, 31 schools for training pre-vocational instructors, 600 for training dietary personnel; equipment supplied for 4,000 nutrition centers and community gardens, and for 9,000 school gardens and canteens; equipment given to 2,500 day-care centers, 3,000 women's clubs, and 3,500 community centers; supplementary meals dispensed in the billions and articles of clothing in the high millions; emergency aid furnished to hundreds of thousands victimized by floods, earthquakes, and other natural disasters.
Education is vital to ensuring a better quality of life for all children and a better world for all people. But if girls are left behind, those goals can never be achieved.
In country after country, educating girls yields spectacular social benefits for the current generation and those to come. An educated girl tends to marry later and have fewer children. The children she does have will be more likely to survive; they will be better nourished and better educated. She will be more productive at home and better paid in the workplace. She will be better able to protect herself against HIV/AIDS and to assume a more active role in social, economic and political decision-making throughout her life.
UNICEF’s aim is to get more girls into school, ensure that they stay in school and that they are equipped with the basic tools they need to succeed in later life. As part of its on-going efforts to ensure every girl and boy their right to an education, UNICEF’s acceleration strategy is speeding progress in girls’ enrollment in 25 selected countries during the 2002-2005 period. UNICEF believes that the protection of children is crucial to their survival, health, and well-being. Unfortunately, millions of children are exploited, millions are abused, millions are victims of violence. Every day, they are bought and sold, imported and exported like consumable things. Children are forced to be soldiers, prostitutes, sweatshop workers, servants.
Abuse, exploitation and violence disgraceful as they are usually occur in private. They are often elements in organized crime and corruption. Only time reveals the consequences: children uneducated, unhealthy and impoverished.
UNICEF believes that everyone has a responsibility to see that children are safe. We work with individuals, civic groups, governments and the private sector to help create protective environments for them. Healthy, nurturing surroundings allow children to resist abuse and avoid exploitation. Caring environments fortify children against harm in the same way that proper nutrition and good health care fortify them against disease.
The young were once considered relatively safe from HIV/AIDS. Today, more than half of all new infections strike people under the age of 25. Girls are hit harder and younger than boys. Infant and child death rates have risen sharply, and 14 million children are now orphans because of the disease.
The world’s two billion children and adolescents are at the center of the HIV/AIDS crisis. And yet they are the ones who offer the greatest hope for defeating the epidemic.
UNICEF works closely with young people on preventing new infections. Young people are clear on what they need to make healthy and informed choices: knowledge and life skills, youth-friendly and gender-sensitive services and a protective familial, social and legal environment. UNICEF also works to prevent parent-to-child transmission of HIV and helps communities provide care, protection and support to children orphaned and made vulnerable by the disease. Immunization has achieved real success in the past 20 years, and today vaccines protect nearly three-quarters of the world’s children against major childhood illnesses. Yet, every year, more than 2 million children die from diseases that could have been prevented by inexpensive vaccines.
Immunization is essential to save children's lives. It is also an affordable means of protecting whole communities and it reduces poverty.
UNICEF uses the opportunity of immunization to deliver other life-saving services, too. This is the "plus" in Immunization plus. At vaccination sessions we may distribute insecticide-treated mosquito nets to help protect families from malaria, or provide Vitamin A supplements, which help children survive when they fall sick. UNICEF is a global leader in vaccine supply, reaching 40 per cent of the world’s children. Immunization is a central part of our commitment to protecting the world’s most vulnerable children.
UNICEF’s supporters include ordinary individuals, eminent personalities and children and young people themselves. They use all kind of stuff to raise money. Most of there incomes are donations, for example the British Airways provided 7 million in the past 6 years. It goes to the people in need and distribute to people who needs it.