Countries: China, Cuba and Pakistan



KITMUN 2006: All GA Resolutions

Students: Main Submitters



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Main and co-submitters List

China
Abdullah Al-Ibrahim-HR-debated and passed
Ahmad Abdulmugni-not debated
Abulaziz Al-Qatami-not debated

Cuba
Mohammad Al-Mailem-HR-debated and passed
Yasmeen Dashti-E-debated and passed
Abdulaziz Al-Mutawa-S debated and passed


Pakistan
Zaid Al-Marzouk-D-debated and failed
Sara Fakral-Deen-HR-passed but failed in the GA
Yvette Ohanion-not debated




Country: China
Issue: The issue of the establishment of preliminary measures to combat child labor.
Student: Abdulla al Ibraheem

Deeply concerned that The International Labor Organization (ILO) has estimated that 250 million children between the ages of five and fourteen work in developing countries-at least 120 million on a full time basis,

Noting with regret that, according to The Human Rights Watch Organization (HRW), %61 of these child workers are in Asia, %32 in Africa, and %7 in Latin America,

Noting with deep concern that, according to The Human Rights Watch Organization (HRW), some child workers have been tortured or abused, according to HRW (Human Rights Watch), 4 year old workers have been tied to rug looms to keep them from running away,

Having studied that, according to The Human Rights Watch Organization (HRW), child labor ranges from four-year-olds to seventeen-year-olds helping out on the family farm,

Draws attention that, according to The Human Rights Watch Organization (HRW), in some cases, a child's work can be helpful to him or her and to the family; working and earning can be a positive experience in a child's growing up. This depends largely on the age of the child, the conditions in which the child works, and whether work prevents the child from going to school,

Viewing with appreciation the fact that China's Government officially bans work for children under the age of 16,

Concerned that the ILO is failing in its mission since there are enormous number of child labors,

Welcoming the ILO and any other organization of country willing to take action is solving this issue,

1) Declares the creation of a sub-organization of the ILO, called UNOCCL (United Nations Organization to Combat Child Labor), the organization will have its:
A. Headquarters in Switzerland (Area closest to the working field.),
B. President elected by the ILO, vice president elected by the UNESCO (knowing that this organization will be a combination, in which the UNESCO will help in schools and ILO will deal with the labor issue),
C. Workers of UNESCO to help with schools, as explained further in this resolution,
D. Divides the combat into two stages, researching stage and combating child labor stage;

2) Requests that the UNOCCL will first:
A. Identify the factories in countries that use children as labor force,
B. Research the children condition, needs, and reasons for those children to work,
C. asks the permission from countries before working with that nation,
D. Provide reasonable incentives to countries to encourage them to act as soon as possible, such as, but not limited to:
1. Suggest lifting sanctions from cooperating nations,
2. Provide financial aid to government to enhance educational levels,
E. Create a well trained team called the "convincing team" to convince the parents of the children of the importance school. , in ways such as, but not limited to:
1. Holding lectures by specially chosen experts to discuss the issue,
2. Public awareness in media means, (i.e. radio, TV, even flyers)
F. Locate near by schools that children could attend instead of working;

3) Further requests that the UNOCCL after finishing the first stage of researching to act on stage two to:
A. Divide the work into countries that need them most like 61% in Asia 32 Africa 7% America,
B. Provide children that attend school instead of work a daily meal.
C. Improve the education system on buildings of schools that many labor children attend according to the budget and the severity of the condition which the UNOCCL should evaluate,
D. Offer families of children how pass school annual grants and honor students with great grants to encourage children to go to schools,
E. Supports law suits against the host of the children at their labor, and sue the industry;

4) Accepts all donations from countries and individuals since the more donation given the more successful the program is;

5) Urges the UN to increase its budget in favor of minimizing the number of child labors and take action to re-construct the future of the children;

6) Strongly urges all nations to cooperate and take any action to decrease or solve the issue in hand.

 

 

Environment:
Delegation: China Forum:
Environmental
Issue: Combating environmental racism in countries around the world

Defined as "racial discrimination in environmental policy making and the enforcement of regulations and laws; the deliberate targeting of people of color communities for toxic and hazardous waste facilities; the official sanctioning of the life-threatening presence of poisons and pollutants in our communities; and the history of excluding people of color from the leadership of the environmental movement" by the Toxic Waste Lupus Coalition,

Understands we suffer from the remnants of this sordid history, as well as from new and institutionalized forms of racism, which coincides with profits before people, as off the actions being done by nations setting up extremely toxic wasteland on a community of color, and acknowledges that polluted air spreads through the atmosphere very quickly, garbage thrives, and with little space for disposal and removal, and poisons gases destroy the ozone layer that may cause global warming; deforestation leads to soil erosion, a lack of carbon storage, poor fresh water quality and quantity, and the extinction of species, thanks to the studies of the "Holt" ecologists,

Condemns that the fellow Veto nation, USA, has located three of their five largest commercial hazardous waste landfills in communities of color, by the statistics made by the Corp Watch Organization,

Bearing In mind that globalization has sparked environmental racism around the world, with developed countries often seeking off to developing countries as new dumping grounds for unwanted and often toxic wastes, unfortunately, these countries often lack the appropriate infrastructure to sufficiently handle the environmental and health troubles that go along with these hazards, as of the studies made by the International Corp Watch Organization,

1. Establishes the Environmental Justice Court (EJC) as a new branch of the Hague Intentional Criminal (ICJ);

2. Affirms the each sitting would consisted of:
A. One Environmental Judge,
B. Two Environment Commissioner,
C. Two regional environment expertise;

3. Approves the court's work include of the following sections:
A. Public works as in energy projects, hospitals, schools, prisons, fire stations, and major private projects such as dairy factories, tourist resorts, or shopping centers,
B. Water works such as water conservation, toxic dumping on sea, lakes and rivers; sewage works, underground mining and permits for water dams and diversions,
C. Land division pollution causing factories, highways for sewage movements, and dumping in forests
D. Environmental enforcement forcing, revising, or creating new environmental laws;

4. Reaffirms that the ECJ court proceedings that are discussed on the different branches, is to protect the rights of humans; the goals of each single division are basic environment goals which the EJC plans to achieve; the EJC plans to:
A. Stop the corrupting of spiritual and ancestral land,
B. Misuse water resources which includes the use for electrical generation,
C. Cut down the destruction of the physical feature of the environment,
D. Cut down the amount of noise pollution surrounding inhabited areas,
E. Increase public safety and awareness; caution the damage after natural disasters happen near an inhabited toxic site such as earthquakes or flooding;

5. Approves that all parties at the court are represented as lawyers, appear in person, or be represented by another agent; and because of the gravity and complexity of the matter at hand of the measures, oral decisions may be given, and decisions are announced at another meeting scheduled ate a later date.

 

 


Country: Cuba
Commission: Environmental
Issue: Establishing and maintaining a foreign policy between developed and developing countries to aid nations hit by natural disasters.

Defining according to wikipedia.org, natural disasters as any event or force of nature that has catastrophic consequences, such as avalanches, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, floods, forest fires, hurricanes, tornadoes, tsunamis, etc.,

Defining according to wikipedia.org, developing countries as countries with a low income average, a relatively poor infrastructure, and a poor human development index when compared to global norm,

Noting according to CNN sources, that the most recent natural disaster that occurred in Southeast Asia caused the death toll from natural disasters to triple to about a quarter of a million, the highest number in 30 years,

Congratulating UN and international organizations, such as the UNDRO and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent societies for their part in relief efforts worldwide,

Noting with regret that according to UN Secretary Koofi Anan, experience has shown aid agencies that once a disaster is no longer a subject of news coverage, promised fund from the governments of wealthy countries tend to dry up and stop give money, such an example was last year's earthquake in Bam, Iran where the Iranian government received less then $120 million out of the $1 billion promised,

Stressing that according to UN Secretary Koofi Anan, nations who give out aid or refrain from giving aid have done so for political reasons instead of humanitarian reasons, for example, the US aid for Pakistan after the earthquake is said to help the US's image,

Congratulating, according to worldwide organizations, Cuba for developing a successful program that helped reduce vulnerability for its citizens and to disasters and has been used as a worldwide successful example for disaster relief and reconstruction by the United Nations, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, as well as other agencies and authorities,

Defining, according to wikipedia.org, developed countries as countries that enjoy a relatively high standard of living through strong high technology diversified economy, also countries with a high GDP per capita (per person) are considered a developed country,

Draws the attention the need for a comprehensive disaster planning, risk reduction, and aid to protect and help developing countries,

1. Resolves that the United Nations Disaster Relief Office implement a plan/program that will help countries both financially and give their rights of getting food, shelter, and medical care, that will:
A. Have members of different UN countries participating in the plan who will:
i. Meet every 6-10 months to discuss improvements and environmental problems/issues,
ii. Immediately meet when a disaster strikes before the 6-10 month period elapses and discuss different ways for improvement and come up with a plan for reconstruction,
iii. Review reports (given by governments and aid workers) and decide how much money the country in question will need to be given as relief money,
B. Develop a program that will:
i. Promote education on natural disasters using media and other means,
ii. Map out vulnerable areas in the country and develop an emergency plan for disaster preparation in the community and practice them as well as study neighboring countries so they could be prepared for anything,
iii. Have early warning systems,
iv. Consist of the most experienced professionals that will have close collaboration with international forecasting centers,
v. Have an active involvement with public and private sectors, non-governmental organizations, and regional, international and community based sectors in disaster management;
C. Work side-by-side with UN and international organizations which will improve response to those experiencing a crisis and provide a fast track response, in which:
i. Use food provided by FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) and UN World Food Program in which it'll provide food and other services that are under their capability;
ii. Use experienced and well trained doctors will be provided by the Cuban Doctor's Association who will go into the country and treat people who are severely injured and give vaccinations to prevent a disease from spreading;
iii. Use health care and medical services will be provided by WHO (World Health Organization), Disaster Relief International, and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, who will provide essential material resources such as medicines, supplies and equipment to the doctors;
iv. Operate shelter and refugee camps that will accept refugees and will be set up by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Red societies, UNICEF, and the UN Refugee Agency under the UNCHR;

2. Accepts that if any country who doesn't want any foreign aid workers entering their country and want to use their own aid workers will be:
A. Given grants to fund their own aid workers and to support them;
B. Won't be obliged to accept foreign aid provided by the UNDRO or any other organization;

3. Further resolves the development of a financial system to provide incentives for disaster risk reduction as well as recovery and reconstruction, which will consist of:
A. Affordable insurance to cover the damage of natural disasters in which:
i. It requests that the money behind this insurance will be funded by the World Bank;
ii. Each country who has a GDP per capita of $7900 or lower will receive insurance;
B. An account will be opened under the UNDRO which will:
i. Consist of donation grants from the people and international organizations;
ii. Member countries who have a GDP per capita of $9200 or higher will place an amount that is 1.25% per of their GDP annually;
C. Any country that is considered for aid will undergo a revision process that will consist of:
i. A report will be written to the UNDRO stating the problem, kind of natural disaster, and all the damages it caused;
ii. The report will be reviewed by the members;
iii. The members will decide based on damage and reconstruction (and not political affiliation) how much money should be given to the country in question;

4. Proclaims that grants in small amounts will be given to the country before a disaster to help them with reduction and preparation processes and also after a disaster to help with recovery, reconstruction and repairing damages;

5. Urges countries to provide an open access and free data exchange regarding environmental safety as well as the need for governmental support and willingness for rehabilitation and recovery

 

 

Delegation: Cuba
Issue: Enhancement of women's status in developing countries,
Commission
: Social

Defining women's rights as the socioeconomic, political, and legal rights for women equal to those of men. According to Webster Dictionary,

Further Defines that INSTRAW stands for International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women, which is a current UN committee,

Taking into Consideration that education is a human right and an essential tool for achieving the goals of equality, development and peace,

Bearing in Mind that discrimination in girls' access to education present in many regions of the world, due to traditional attitudes, leads to early marriages and pregnancies,

Concerned that the unemployment rate of women is approximately 3.8 million with 380,000 of the women are the head of their house holds, while the unemployment rate of men is 1.9 million,

Believing that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights,

Keeping in mind that all countries who have adopted communism, has no problem or concern with this issue since they believe that everyone is equal,

Congratulates all organizations whose aim was the advancement of women's status in the world,

1. Resolves the creation of a subcommittee advised by the Committee of Status of Women (CSW) which will be called Women's Rights Organization (WRH),

2. Confirms that the WRH will retrieve evaluations made from current organizations and assign investigators which will further evaluate the status of women in countries. These investigators will:
A. Be chosen by :
1. Recommendation by state parties,
2. Experience,
3. Educational achievements,
4. Accomplishments (job accomplishments),
2. These investigators will enter the counties who are deeply in need of their assistance.

3. Further resolves that the WRH will set a donor committee which will invite all nations with a GDP of X for the nations that donate. this committee will:
A. Insure that the women will receive:
i. Health insurance ( maternity advise and birth control)
ii. Educational insurance (availability) till the age of 18
iii. Training for available jobs/activities available to women
B. Provide:
i. Equality ideological training of gender,
ii. Jobs
iii. Equally owning land and property
c. Assign investigators, plan makers, medical crew, educator and all who are needed to eliminate this issue; to take actions to reach the goal at hand. All of the aids stated above will be transported by land, sea or air, prior to the country's location.

4. The Creation of a program that will:
A. Have research projects that will serve to widen the knowledge base in the field of women's right and enhancement
B. Provide activities for women in rural areas that will provide income for them, activities will range from training in textile factories to toy productions to farming, etc.
C. Have training programs that aim at enhancing women's exercise of their legal rights in daily life
D. Have training activities, seminars and workshops for women in order to help them with their situation and help them get trained for jobs that are open/available to them
E. Ensure the participation of professionals who are qualified and experienced to work in the fields of women's problems 
F. Set goals and develop and provide human rights education in order to:
i. increase women's awareness of their human rights
ii. address the feminization of poverty and its root causes
G. support anti-discrimination organizations as well as women's organization that try to promote equality among the people and bring women their rights
H. Develop an education plan that will educate both the public and women about women's rights and raise awareness by:
1. Using the media (TV, radio, newspapers) as the key tools that would send the message to the public
2. Sending out pamphlets that talk about the seriousness of this issue,

5. Urges all nations to work together to bring their women their full rights and in cooperation with international organizations whose aim is to enhance women's rights.

 

 

Country: Cuba
Delegate: Abdulaziz AL Mutawa
Commission: Disarmament
Issue: The arms build up in the straits of Taiwan

Recalling all nations that On June 30, 1998, while in Shanghai, President Bill Clinton of the USA said, "we don't support independence for Taiwan, or two Chinas, or one Taiwan-one China. And we don't believe that Taiwan should be a member of any international organization for which statehood is a requirement.",

Further Recalling that President Richard M. Nixon of the USA clearly said " I had never expected that the China initiative would come to fruition in the form of a Ping-Pong team. ",

Observing that according to several news cast from the East Asian seas that more than three political and military sides are involved in the internal Chinese issue,

Noting with Regret that according to various Chinese news casts that some nations such as the Philippines and the USA are bothering the people's Republic of China with verbal pledges and encouragement to the province of Taiwan aiming to a revolution that not result in anything except in the destruction of Taiwan and the Philippines and neighboring army bases,

Noting with extreme Regret that according to the Central Intelligence Agency of the USA has stated that along with the nations bothering the People's Republic of China is some African nations, which want nothing other than money the United Nations, will be more than glad to aid in the financial crisis',

Pointing out that according to Central Intelligence Agency of the USA has commended the effectiveness of the trade embargo forced on Cuba by the USA , which had shown very efficient results in not allowing any direct financial aid to enter Cuba in any ways publicly,

Emphasizing that according to various articles in the UN charter on the fact that an embargo would actually work in a situation such as the Chinese due to the fact is had worked before in several situations such as Cuba,

Showing that according to the Intelligence Agency of China (the PLA and the Xinhua) that the current status quo is not effective by clear evidence that the issue is brought up and great deals of weapons are in the straits of China's Taiwan,

Noting that according to the Central Intelligence Agency of the USA that The People's Republic of China controls over 50% of Asia's growing economy and that many nations of the world would effected if the Asian economy leader is not satisfied,

1. Encourages the voluntary act of enforcing an arms embargo on the Chinese province of Taiwan, making the situation illegal to posses weapon of any kind, and trading of weapons in the embargoed area, which will in effect contain the following:
A. A set of strict rules that will be follow and obeyed by the people the apply to,
B. A sub organization that will be reinforcing the embargo,
C. A Punishment organization that deals with violators;

2. Resolves that the enforced embargo will have the following rules which will be followed by all citizens in the area:
A. No kind of weapon is allowed in the embargo area unless inspected by law enforcement and is for official use only,
B. No nation is allowed to sell any kind of weapons to any person in the embargoed area,
C. China being Asia's most leading and growing economies will deal with no nation that violates the embargo rules,
D. If any kind of arms deal was caught both side of the deal will face serious charges in the Chinese justice system;

3. Calls upon the formation of a temporary sub organization acting under the United Nations flag called The Chinese Arms Embargo Organization (CAEO), which will in effect be responsible of the following tasks:
A. Developing and enforcing the arms embargo on the Chinese province of Taiwan,
B. Maintain the effectiveness of the embargo,
C. Reaching negotiations with any arms dealers in the embargoed area making it illegal to sell or import any military equipment to the Chinese province of Taiwan,
D. Making sure hat everything is running smoothly in the embargo issue the CAEO will gradually close down leaving very small offices in one area open for any emergencies,
E. Sending monthly reports to the United Nations,
F. Staying a temporary headquarters in Cuba until the People's Republic of China agrees to have the headquarters in Beijing,
i. Stationing in Cuba at the beginning of the embargo operations,
ii. Cuba is the nation proposing this resolution and we do not mind having something to do with helping our alleys stationed on our soil,

4. Resolves that the CAEO will contain the following members:
A. Researchers whom will maintain the effectiveness of tee program,
B. Local law enforcement agencies, which will enforce the illegal arms trade in the specific area,
C. Administrators whom which will be in charge of sending monthly reports to the General Assembly and the Security Council as long as the CAEO is still in action,
D. China's government trade officials,

5. Proclaims that a small sub committee will be create under the CAEO which only come into effect if any violations of the embargo rules actually occur, this committee will be known as the punishment committee which will in effect be responsible for these tasks
A. Evaluate the violation,
B. Publish a list in the United Nations containing all the named of groups and nations that may violate the rules,
C. Advise the Security Council to condemn these violations and possibly force sanctions on those nations/ groups,
D. Under the authority of the United Nations if a violator was caught twice the group/ nation will be suspended from the United Nations for a certain period of time;

6. Encourages such nations such as the USA and the Philippines to simply "back off" and, to stop aggravating the Chinese territories with air talk that will lead into nowhere except the destruction of Taiwan and neighboring supporters.

 

 

Delegate: Cuba
Forum: Human rights
Issue: A United Nations study on the role of the World Bank in preserving the rights of citizens in debt-ridden countries.

Noting with regret that according to the World Bank there are 52 nations severely indebted and 45 nations that are less indebted;

Recognizing the fact according to the International Trade Data System (ITDS), the U.S as of August 2001, imposed sanctions and embargoes against Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Sudan, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (specific parties), Liberia, Sierra Leone, the Taleban in Afghanistan, the UNITA faction in Angola, and Syria;

Further recognizing that according to Jubilee USA Network the World Bank's refusal to cancel illegitimate and unpayable debts owed to it by impoverished countries means, that dozens of countries around the world must make unconscionable payments to the World Bank, while their education and health systems collapse;

Reminds nations that according to Christian Aid around US $355 billion is owed by 52 of the world's poorest countries to some of the world's richest and yearly early repayments from these countries work out at around US $23.4 billion; some of this money is owed to the IMF and World Bank which are controlled by the world's rich countries, such as the US; and it would cost ?300 billion to cancel the debt. To put this into perspective, in the US over ?350 billion is spent on gambling each year,

Noting with extreme regret that The G8 countries promised to cut US $110 billion of debt, but the plans for debt relief are on hold. Only US $36.3 billion has been written off so far. Anyway people in the know - such as Jubilee 2000 - estimate that at least US $300 billion must be written off because it can never be paid without taking money away from vital work like immunizing children against basic diseases and primary education,

Bearing in mind, that by the mid 1990s, a third of Bolivia's income was being used to pay interest on its debts, in 1994, Nicaragua was scheduled to make repayments of US $1.46 billion and its entire export earnings for that year were US $489 million, for example, in 1996, Mozambique spent twice as much on debt interest as on education, and four times as much on debt as it did on health,

1) Calls upon the reorganization of the structure of the World Bank to introduce a side committee that will consist of a board of directors that will supervise and examine all loans that pass through the World Bank:
A. The board of directors will consist of 15 members, 3 members will be chosen from every continent:
i. The members will be chosen by the governments of the countries of the continent due to experience on related fields, these people have to run through several procedures of acceptance to assure the experience in related fields and to assure the fair opinions and orders that will be made by the board,
ii. The members of the board will change every three years for the better representation of the continent,
B. The board will meet to discuss all loans proposed by nations, and will examine the needs of the specific nation and either approve or deny the loan, after it passes through several procedure of examination and serious care to insure that the bank its self is not going to lose a great amount of money,
C. The coming of a decision will between the directors will be by running a vote;

2) Reassures all nations that the board of directors will have the right to Veto any order given by the president of the World Bank, and that the board of director's role is mainly to supervise and review loans proposed to the bank.

3) Resolving that the board of directors will mandate a process to review all loans in the World Bank by setting a process made by the directors to review loans, and the reviewing of the loans would be for the benefit of all nations:
A. Making exceptions to poor and bankrupt nations and will:
i. Increase time of debt payment without increasing of interest rate,
ii. Relieve debt to nations, who have a decreasing and very low income,
iii. Make loans without interest rate;
iv. also decrease all portfolio loans for the help of poor nations;

4) Assuring all nations that these exceptions will be made to poor and none poor nations due to the economic problems that the nation is struggling through at a specific time, and that these exception will run through a procedure where all directors will run a vote to except the exceptions or not,

5) Calls upon the formation of a donation committee under the World Bank that would help in giving money to poor and debt relief nations, and this fund-raiser:
A. would be run by a new committee that would consist of another 15 members that:
i. would be chosen also from the 5 different continents, and would be changed every five years, and the process of choosing them would be similar to the ones of the directors,
B. this fund-raisers would be for the benefit of all poor nations, since this fund-raiser would help the world bank in accepting loans to nations that are in serious need of loans;

6) Notes that helping nations will be recognized for their help and would be awarded for their great effort in cooperation;

7) Requests the formation of a subcommittee under the board of directors which will be divided in to two sections:
A. The first part would use Islamic Banking procedures for the better of all Muslim nations, and it would consist of:
i. Five Muslim members that would be chosen by the board of directors , where every continent would chose one, and those members would help in the revision of Muslim nation's in loans to help in organization, and the benefit of all Muslim nations,
ii. These members will change every two years for the better representation of all Muslims in all continents,
B. The second part would consist and run by five members from all communist nations, these members will also run through the same procedures of choice as the Muslim members, and this part would review loans of communist nations, and would operate on the principles of no interest;

8) Further resolves that after the formation of the following committees no nation shall suffer from malnutrition, diseases, and starvation.