Country: The People's Republic of Iran
Event: LEMUN 2005
Students: Abdulaziz Al-Mutawa (Ambassador-Social) Abdulaziz Al-Bahar (ECOSOC) Ahmed Al-Mughni (Human rights) Reem Al-Thekair (Disarmament)Links to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2005-2006 Team page
Political Structure: ( Ahmed)
Newly elected president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, is a member of the "Islamic Society of Engineers", (although he has a high rank in the Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran). Ahmadnejad is seen as one of the top guns in the ISE alliance. Ahmadinejad ran for presidency with various views, those views by Ahmadinejad sems to attract both religious and the poverty stricken Iranians. The USA accused Ahmadinejad of being one of the leaders from the infamous hostage crisis in 1979. The responses from the Iranian government were typical denial.
Iran is an Islamic Republic, with limited democracy, further accusations from the USA claiming that their type of Islamic extremism attracts terrorism. A supreme leader (Rahbar) is placed to give out "the general policies of Iran", in other word would be the presidents boss. The supreme leader would be the only one to be able to declare ware and have the power to appoint and dismiss leaders. The president comes after the Rahbar. In total of eight vice presidents serve the president. He is the highest official in Iran and has the duty for appointing the Constitution and bowing a head boss. He is elected by the Council of Ministers, then chosen by the civilians. Then comes the Irani parliament consists that are elected by the secret ballot process from the Council of Guardians. The supreme leader Ali Khamenei, has total control of Mr. Ahmadnejad, which makes Iran a single-party state; which is very similar to communism. Iran’s president comes out as a hardliner, but he plans to appoint a government of "moderation".
Iran's governmental system is headed by a religious leader, who is basically the prime controller of power in the state. The religious leader has more power than any other political position under him, including the President. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, accredited to founding the Islamic Republic of Iran, believed that the conservative ideas of Shia theological schools of thought should be allowed to have evolved interpretations. He also believed that the prime cleric, or Supreme Leader, should act based on "divinely inspired guidance". Khomeini was mainly responsible for Iran’s isolation from the Western and Eastern Blocs of the world at the time, because he banned all the Western influences such as cinema and literature, and believed in the establishment of an Islamic Nation in which all the Islamic countries would unite so as not to ally with the East or the West. He was conservative and believed the West spread corrupted ideas that influence youths.
Khomeini had promised political and democratic reforms, and when they did not come he stated that Iran did not become a fully Islamic nation, and when it did then democracy would come. He believed anything that contradicted the Islamic way of thinking would be automatically considered against democracy, and that democracy would come after full adherence to Islam. The decisions that the Supreme Leader makes are final, and he has the final say in all the matters that concern the state. He alone has the power to declare war. He also appoints the Council of Guardians, which consists of 6 theological and 6 Judiciary men. They have the power to pass or fail legislative bills. This leader makes his decisions supposedly based on Islamic Shari’a law, and cannot be argued with because of that basis. The process of choosing this leader goes through 83 religious and well-educated men. The law of Islam has a salient and strong grasp over the acts that the legislative branch performs. Religion is significantly important in Iran, as it governs all the individuals that exist in this community. It is the ``long arm of the law'' in a religious sense.
Geography: (Abdulaziz AL Mutawa)
The Islamic Republic of Iran is consisted of rocky heavy mountains and long ranged plateaus; although oil exists the country still faces some poverty issues plus pollution. The country of Iran is located in the Middle East, bordering on the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf ( also known as the Arabian Gulf) , and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan. Iran has access to different landscapes from lakes to gulfs and from a bit of river to straits. With these different landscapes, the Iranian people have different cultures and values. Iran consists of rough, mountainous rims surrounding high interior basins. Iran holds the rank sixteenth in size among the countries of the world. Iran's capital is Tehran and has a population of over 53,533,000 people.
Iran is the second largest country in the Middle East, after Saudi Arabia. It extends over a total area of 1,648,000 sq. km (636,300 sq. mile). The country is roughly triangular in shape, with its longest side extending in a slightly outward are for 2,500 km (1,600 mile) from the border with Turkey in the northwest to the border with Pakistan in the southeast. The third point of the triangle lies in the northeast, about halfway along Iran's border with Turkmenistan. Iran's greatest extent from north to south is 1,600 km (1,000 mile) and from east to west is 1,700 km (1,100 mile). Iran is deeply affected with the mountainous land it has, it makes it hard for law enforcement to capture wanted people however we do recognize the Damavand Mountain is a very important tourist attraction. Plateaus are widely spread around the land but mostly are built upon for housing needs.
Iranians are all Muslim people; however due to the very rigid terrain people over in different towns tend to have different variations of a culture and other such issues. The neighbors of Iran were very loyal at some point in the last centauries; however we are more than happy to announce that Allah protected us by giving us this terrain which protected us from the past invaders. Iran has existed since the first civilizations started and still stands today, strongly in the affirmative perspective. Iran has been around more than the Iraqi states and Iran was invaded by Iraq in the 1980's but thank Allah the mountains protected us.
Natural Resources: (Abdulaziz AL Mutawa)
Oil and gas are from the most important natural resources found in Iran. Natural gas and coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, and zinc, sulfur are other resources found in Iran.
The agricultural products are wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, fruits, nuts p cotton; dairy products, wool; caviar. They can not feed their own people because their imports are more than their exports by approximately 1.6 billion dollars.
Electricity production is fossil fuel: 92% hydro: 7 %. Iran is sadly not interdependent today, due to heavy political pressure from nations making it hard to acquire goods from all around the world. The Islamic Republic of Iran reserves the complete rights just as any other nation does to own and develop nuclear power plants. Iran wishes to widen its perspective on power acquiring plans for the future. That may be cost efficient. Although some energy experts do not agree with Iran acquiring such nuclear technology and because Iran violated some IAEA rules does not mean we did not abide by the rules set by the organization. We simply do not want pathetic westerners to enter our sacred land and degrade its existence. The Islamic republic of Iran did clarify once that it has no real need for nuclear energy resources; however the need for upgrading our technology in building up the nation is urging us to upgrade our technological standards which are vital to our homeland's status.
Since the great Persian Empire, the Iranians live with little dependence n others. The name Persia itself was taken from the Greek word Persis which was taken from Pars; the name of the region where the Persian rulers lived. The name was changed to Iran to let go of western strings still attached to the great empire. Shi’ism is only about 10%-11% of the Islamic world, 85% of muslims are Sunnis; as well as all Arab nations. Iran may regard they’re Islam, but theu do believe that the Persian Empire was the best ever formed. Although Persians shared the Islamic religon with Arabs, it wasn’t Sunnism, it was Sh’isim. Arabs were accused of stealing Persian thinkers; the thinker which could’ve easily done they’re work in Persian, and maybe even Polish if they’ve wanted too. All in all, the past still play a role in they’re governmental structure, the paranoia towards Arab (which was further enhanced at the first Gulf War).
Ideology ( Aziz B)
Iran's religious ideology restricts freedom of religion. It is governed by the Ja'fari Shi'ism, which is a division of Islam, the official religion of the country. Islam accounts for 99 percent of the religions in Iran. Iran’s constitution is the official protector of religious rites in Iran. It recognizes a few other religions and allows them to practice their religious rites as long as they keep them within strict limits.
This means that freedom of religion is supposedly allowed in Iran, but only for some religions and only if they keep their practices secretive and to themselves. The Baha’i religion, a faith originally based on Islam but considered misguided by both Sunni and Shia sects, is not guaranteed religious freedom at all because it isn’t accepted by the constitution. The Iranian government is controversial sometimes, because in the written constitution it accepts freedom of religions and does not allow prosecution against them just for their belief, but it encourages anti-Baha'i and anti-Jewish thought at the same time because it considers them traitors for not believing in the dominant religion, Shiism. Shia Muslims even consider the major Islamic Sunni sect to be a traitor sect, so what would they do to religions that don’t have anything to do with Islam? The Bahai’s are considered by Muslims to be out of the religion of Islam and against it, because they are constructing new ideas and thoughts that are opposed by all Muslims. The Bahai’ faith is extremely hated by the Iranian Islamic government for many reasons. The Bahai’ religion was established by support of Russians, Jews and British attitudes that aimed to spread controversial ideas within the Islamic community to create hatred between Muslims and deviate them from the main topics of their religion. Their main prophet, Baha’ullah, was captured many times after trying to provoke anger between Muslims, and was sentenced to death. It is noted that the Bahai’ religion is especially despised by the Shia sect of Islam, since it is considered an extremely misguided deviant of it. They are also hated because of their concurrence with the Jewish and Christian beliefs the Jesus Christ was in fact crucified. They also prevent women from wearing the traditional Hijab. This is why the government hates them so much, it being an Islamic government, because they claim to be a Muslim sect but oppose many Islamic ideals openly, which in Islam is worse than being an enemy from a totally different religion.
Mainly Iran’s economy relies on the oil sector; Iran has no economical issues since it depends on itself for money and not other countries. Most of the economic activity is controlled by the state. During recent years, relatively high oil prices have enabled Iran to collect $30 billion in foreign exchange reserves. Despite the $30 billion, the unemployment rate is extremely high (7,618,000, 11.2%). To state a fact, the Iranian government is in for a big bomb! A bomb of unhappy, young men! A quote by the US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, "What we support is that the Iranian people should have a chance to determine their own future, and right now under this regime they have no opportunity to determine their own future."
Iran’s growth domestic product (GDP) is $516.7 billion with a growth rate of 6.3%. Iran's economic structure is mainly agriculture is 11.2%, industry is 40.9% and services is 48.7%. Although the labor force in Iran is 23 million, Iran still suffers from shortage of skilled labor. From the 23 million, labor, 30% work in agriculture,25% works in industries and 45% works in services. $43.34 billion represents Iran’s revenue budget and $47.7 billion, including capital expenditures of $7.6 billion, represents Iran's expenditures budget.
Most of Iran’s agriculture products are wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, fruits, nuts, cotton; dairy products, wool; caviar. Industries include petroleum, petrochemicals, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), metal fabrication, armaments. With a growth production rate of 3.5% excluding oil. Electricity production in Iran is 129 billion kWh; Iran consumes 119.9 billion kWh and exports 0 kWh. While oil production is 3.962 million bbl/day, consumes 1.4 million bbl/day, exports 2.5 million bbl/day and has oil reserves of 130.8 billion bbl. Also, natural gas production is 79 billion cu m, consumes 72.4 billion cu m, exports 3.4 billion cu m, imports 4.92 billion cu m and has reserves of 26.7 trillion cu m.
Iran’s current account balance is $2.1 billion and exports is $38.79 billion f.o.b; exports include petroleum 83%, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits, nuts and carpets. Exporting partners are Japan 20%, China 9.9%, Italy 6.3%, South Africa 6.3%, Taiwan 4.8%, Turkey 4.7, South Korea 4.7%, France 4.3%, and Netherlands 4.3%. Imports are $31.3 billion f.o.b; imports include industrial raw materials and intermediate goods, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods, technical services, military supplies. With importing partners Germany 13%, France 8.9%, Italy 8%, China 7.7%, UAE 6.4%, South Korea 6.3%, Russia 4.9%. Iran has reserves of foreign exchange and gold worth $29.87 billion. With debt external of $13.4 million and an economic aid recipient of $408 million. Iran’s currency code is Iranian Rial (IRR). From 1997 to 2001 Iran had a multi-exchange-rate system; one of these rates, the official floating exchange rate, by which most essential goods were imported, averaged 1,750 rials per US dollar; in March 2002, the multi exchange rate system was converged into one rate at about 7,900 rials per US dollar.
Commercial relations between Iran and the United States are controlled by U.S. approval and consist mainly of Iranian purchases of food and medical products and U.S. purchases of carpets and food. The U.S. Government forbids most trade with Iran. Some approval was temporarily ignored in the wake of the devastating Bam earthquake of December 2003. U.S. officials and relief workers actively assisted in relief and reconstruction efforts. The U.S. Government defines its areas of objectionable Iranian behavior as the following:
Iranian efforts to acquire nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction;
Its support for and involvement in international terrorism;
Its support for violent opposition to the Middle East peace process; and its dismal human rights record.
The United States has had discussions with Iranian representatives on issues of concern. The United States believes, however, that normal relations are impossible until Iran's policies change. As the US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said "I think our European allies agree that the Iranian regime's human rights behavior and its behavior towards its own population is something to be loathed."
Although the GDP spent on Iran’s military is only 3.3%, it is the largest and one of the strongest structures in the Middle East. Iran’s military branches include Islamic Republic of Iran Regular Forces (Artesh): Ground Forces, Navy, Air Force (includes Air Defense), Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (Sepah-e Pasdaran-e Enqelab-e Eslami, IRGC): Ground Forces, Navy, Air Force, Qods Force (special operations), and Basij Force (Popular Mobilization Army) and Law Enforcement Forces. Compared to all the countries in the Middle East, Iran has the largest navy force.
The US is in a way threatened by Iran, since they have a long range of ballistic highly destructive weapons. The Iranian weapons have been built in Iran or by foreign countries such as China, Russia and the USA secretly. 18 months of military service is required of all male citizens, over the age of 18, also 200,000 men and women, age 16 and above, are on the volunteer list. During the Iraqi-Iran war soldiers as young as 9 years old was recruited to fight the war! The availability man power in Iran is 18,319,545 (males 18-49), but the man power fit for military service is 15,665,725 (males 18-49). Annually the military man power reaching military age is 862,056 (males). These numbers prove that Iran is able to defend itself. The military expenses are $4.3 billion, which is 3.3% of GDP.
The Supreme National Security Council (SNSC) is an institution founded in the course of revision of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The SNSC has been established with an aim to watch over the Islamic Revolution and safeguard the IRI's national interests as well as its sovereignty and territorial reliability. According to Article 177 of the Constitution, the responsibilities of the SNSC are as follows:
1. To determine the national defense/security policies within the framework of general policies lay down by the Leader.
2. To coordinate political, intelligence, social, cultural and economic activities in relation to general defense/security policies.
3. To exploit material and non-material resources of the country for facing internal and external threats.
Corresponding with its responsibilities, the Supreme National Security Council has established sub-committees such as defense subcommittee and national security sub-committee. The sub-committees are headed by the President or one of the members of the SNSC appointed by the President. Limits of authorities and functions of the sub-committees are laid down by law, and their organizational structures are approved by the SNSC. Approvals of the SNSC shall be enforceable after ratification of the Leader. The members of the SNSC consist of:
Heads of the three Powers (Executive, Legislative and Judiciary); Chief of the Supreme Command Council of the Armed Forces (SCCAF); The official in charge of the Plan an Budget Organization (PBO); Two representatives nominated by the Leader; Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of the Interior, and Minister of Information (Intelligence); A minister concerned with the subject, and the highest authorities of the Army and the Islamic Revolution's Guards Corps (IRGC).
Views On World Problems: (Ahmed )
Iran’s continuous project for nuclear power plants is causing controversy among the USA, UK, France and Germany. Russia is helping Iran out with their first nuclear plant at Bushehr. Israel are also opposing the building of the power plant, fearing some misusage by the Iranians, who are considered a big threat towards their community. Their contract with Russia could make them build 5 power plants in the next ten years. The main question sparked by media is why a nation with rich oil resources wants a dangerous Nuclear power plants on their soil. Iran seems determined to make at least 20 power plants during the near future.
The US-Iranian relations have been weak since the 1979 US embassy hostage situation. The Bush administration accuses Iran of being a Nation supporting terrorist acts. While the Iranian government accuse them as being a threat to Islam. Tensions got heated up recently after eyewitnesses claim that Iran’s president Ahmadinejad was a mastermind in the hostage-taking act. The wittenses say that Iran has put a Terrorist to lead the Iranians, and to end the "The War on Terror", it could only mean that action must be sought on their Islamic extremest regime.
Their relationship with Syria is considerably a close one. Both nations share animosity towards the US, Israel, and in the past, Sadam Hussein (although his relationship with Syria only stopped by the year 2000). Syria’s dominance of Lebanon helped its political and militarily relationship with Hizballah. Syria also assisted Iran by allowing Iranian jets to enter Syrian airspace above northern settlements of Iraq to assault western Iraqi military bases. Iran allowed Syria free oil for shutting down Iraqi pipelines in their own territory as a gesture of great gratitude for not sliding in with its Arab neighbor. Further more Iran is one of Syrian goods buyers, mainly because of the sanctions, which has stopped them from trading with a diversity of nations (which has looked as though Syria is another Iranian province).
Iran’s relationship with Saddam-less Iraq continues to be tainted. Not only because the scar is still wounded from the first Gulf War, but because of the US’ continuous developments in Iraq, making it seem like the 52nd state. Currently, Iran is subsidizing the Shia’a militias in Iraq because of the continuous attacks on Shia’a citizens by the Sunni "terrorist" groups.
The EU approaches tries to approach Iran in the most peaceful approach they may well have. The Europeans keep meeting Iran to discuss issues such as suspending uranium enrichment activities. They would also provide all objective into ensuring that the nuclear program of Iran is peaceful.
"Israel is a disgraceful lot to the Islamic world and as the Imam said, Israel must be wiped off the map", these are the comments that were recently stated by Iranian president Mr. Ahmadinejad referring to Iran's late revolutionary leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. He also warned Muslim leaders that recognize the state of Israel that they faced they "faced the wrath of their own people". These comments inevitably resulted in great controversy occurring with world leaders. Mr. Blair himself believed that he never came across such comments from a world leader. Even the Palestinian peace negotiator stated "Palestinians recognize the right of the state of Israel to exist, and I reject his comments".
The empire of Persia, currently known as the Islamic Republic of Iran, was once a mighty power by itself. As first established by Cyrus the great, this Persian empire expanded greatly and became to be known as one of the most indomitable empires in history. Many groups have tried to disable it and render it helpless over the years due to its formidable power. The Islamic control over Iran began in the 7th century AD and ended a couple of centuries later. Most of Iran's people had converted to Islam by then, the majority being of the Sunni branch and some of the Shia faith. Turkish control over Iran started in the 11th century when they defeated the current rulers and. they themselves being Muslims, established dynasties in most of the area. One of the most disastrous rulers over Iran, though, were the Mongols. The Mongols essentially worked on destroying the Iranian cities and killing the people living in some of them due to their rejection of the new rule. As if that wasn't enough, the Mongols had their differences with the Muslim people of Iran based on their religion, as the Mongols were Buddhists. One of the Mongol rulers tried desperately to revive the country, but that didn't work and cities ended up being destroyed all over again. In essence, the entire period of Mongol rule was unhelpful to the country's economy.
Iran is, essentially, a non-Arab country. Therefore, it is considered different than the majority of Islamic countries that are, in fact Arab. Iran’s Shia Islamic sect, the dominant Islamic sect in the country, is known to be strong and fervent when it comes to responding to tensions or pressure. The Shia sect is also known to be stricter, when noting the extremist values that the country imposes. On the other hand, the extremist Sunni sects such as Wahabbism in Saudi Arabia is viewed at times and the Taliban regime are as radical and fervent as the Shia groups. Geographically, Iran has always been known to have decent influence, because of its strategic location acting as a bridge between the Islamic and Non-Islamic world essentially. Iran has been known to act against the norm, as the major sect in Islam is the Sunni sect, but Iran has an overwhelming majority of Shias, and therefore is the most country with that population of Shia Muslims. There are other countries in which the Shia sect holds a high percentage of the Islamic society, such as Bahrain and Iraq.
After the Mongols lost control of the country, the Safavids took over, and established the rule of a single ``Shah'' title. The Safavids spread the Shia sector of the Islamic religion over the country in order to make it more prevalent. The Safavids had many arguments with the Ottoman Empire, mainly territorial disputes that lasted a fair amount of time. The primary Safavid rulers established a strong economical background for the country, but that was ruined after the second Shah ended his rule over Iran. Iran fell into a phase of peacefulness and tranquility for some time after the fall of the Safavids.
In the late 17th century, the Qajar dynasty took over Iran after defeating many common rivals. They were from Turkish origins, and it just so happened that in their reign foreign entities such as Russia and Britain showed interest in the region. Russia kept getting into battles with Iran and defeating it to gain more land, and both countries showed economic interests in the country, especially after oil was discovered in 1911. The entrance of Reza Pahlavi, who later became the Shah of Iran, into the battle over the rule of Iran was crucial to Iran's development. The man had many visions for the industrialization and modernization of Iran, and the seperation of it from the more powerful foreign entities: mainly Britain and Russia. Reza Shah Pahlavi wanted more control over his country and seeked the assistance of other foreign entities such as Italy and Germany.
After the second World War, Reza Shah Pahlavi was exiled and removed from his position afer Britain and the USSR invaded Iran. His son was instead replaced as the constitutional monarch of Iran. An agreement was signed between Iran and the foreign entities, and peace was reached. Political reforms were initiated and elections took place for the first time in two decades. Iran was in the beginning of an advancement in all areas.
Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi came to his position in an interesting way that would later explain why he was deposed. During World War II, the British and Soviets forced the Shah, his father, to give up his position for his son. The forces then used the new Shah as a way of transporting British and US aid to the USSR during the war. This later came to be known as the Persian Corridor. This was basically the first major US direct involvement in Iran’s affairs.
Another major event was the coup against the Iranian democratically elected Prime Minister Mohammed Mosaddegh in 1953. Due to him nationalizing the Iranian oil industry, the CIA tried to overthrow him and failed the first time, leading to the Shah’s fleeing the country. The Shah was later brought back through another successful coup and the prime minister was jailed and sentenced.
Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was growing increasingly unpopular due to his easy manipulation by foreign entities and governments and his modernism and marriage to an American wife. He was provided aid by eight US Presidents in exchange for oil supplies. The Iranian Shah tolerated the presence of Israel in the Middle East, receiving more hatred from the religious clerics because of that. The people began to see him as a weak leader, and eventually this led to what is called ``The Islamic Revolution''. This revolution started by some demonstrations that were linked to an exiled Iranian activist named ``Khomeini'' who was now living in Iraq. The demonstrations turned fatal, and thus began riots that spread throughout all of Iran, increasingly encouraged by Khomeini's speeches from Iraq to support an Islamic government. The shah found no other way but to impose martial law on many cities in Iran, which caused further riots that became almost uncontrollable.
In the meantime, Khomeini was exiled from Iraq and he seeked refuge in France. His voice was never lost, and the shah realized it was too late to regain control after massive strikes rocked the country. The shah finally fled Iran, and Khomeini returned to find the people holding elections and vote incredibly to establish the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979. Khomeini was mostly supported by the poor who were being mistreated more, and the country needed him because they despised the Shah’s regime and his actions.
One of the most significant, and probably the most critical, turning points in U.S. - Iranian relations was the hostage crisis of October 1979. A number of Iranian students basically invaded the U.S. embassy in Tehran and took 66 individuals hostage. The 15-month siege ended in the release of the hostages in return for U.S. agreement to hold a trial regarding its citizens' claims against Iran. This completely ended the positive U.S. - Iranian relations and resulted in relative suspicion between both sides. Mahmud Ahmedinajad, Iran’s current President, was said by the Central Intelligence Agency to be deeply involved in this hostage crisis, but the Iranian government severely denied that.
Another major event in Iranian history was when Iraq launched a surprise invasion on it in 1980. Iraq did so to prevent Iran from convincing Iraqi Shia Muslims to revolt against their government. In this war, the two superpowers were essentially using Iran and Iraq as a way of indirectly fighting each other. The USA provided weapons to Saddam Hussein so he could fight Iran, while mainly Russia supplied Iran with an arsenal to fight back. The war was deadly, yielding hundreds of thousands of deaths on each side, and the two entities ended it with a cease-fire agreement.
The USA is accusing Iran continuously of being involved in the continuing US occupation of Iraq. The US accuses Iran of funding militias and providing them with weapons to commit terrorists acts that would lead to the destabilization of the Iraqi State. Iran keeps refuting these statements, stating that the US is only saying that to get a stronger backing on Iran’s nuclearization issue. Iran’s president, Mahmoud Ahmedinejad, just recently fired and/or reassigned around 20 of his diplomatic staff in foreign countries. This diplomatic "shake-up" of governmental staff is the largest since the Iranian Islamic revolution of 1979.
Iran's foreign relations with most countries were bumpy due to the U.S. having its power threatened by Iran's nuclear weapons almost every day. Iran signed a non- proliferation protocol that was an addition to the Non-Proliferation Treaty and gave more freedom for weapons inspectors to hunt for Iran's supposed fleet of nuclear weapons. In 2005, though, tensions were elevated due to the uranium enrichment plants that were found and might also be components of weapons. The IAEA and the three prime countries in the EU were constantly sending Iran warnings regarding its enrichment plants, and Iran actually did comply towards the end of 2004 and stopped nuclear activity for months, before resuming in August of 2005, which was considered a violation by the accusing countries. Iran’s supreme religious leader continues to assert the fact that Iran does not want nuclear weapons, but will not give up enriching uranium.
The recent Iranian election that hailed President Mahmoud Ahmedinejad as the state’s new head showed an unexpected loss of candidate Khatami. The previous head of state was supported by the USA, and was willing to compromise on the nuclear issue in Iran, pleasing the US and European countries. This conservative leader, however, is increasing Iran’s isolation from the rest of the international community, leading to severe tensions between Iran and the West, something the USA would prefer to avoid.
(1) Reducing military budgets in order to provide peace and security
In the United States alone, the annual budget of the Department of Defense, in 2005, was more than $437 billion. In Iran it is $4.3 billion. In other words, what the US spends for a year on military services is about 101 times as much as Iran. The US spends more money than China ($67.49 billion), France ($45,283.1 million) and Iraq ($1.3 billion).
This issue clearly states and proves to all members of the UN how the USA is a major threat to the world. By lowering the budgets of military in countries we will insure that no or less weapons of mass destruction will be used, less deaths per year due to war, security between nations, since no nation would have enough money to buy weapons and necessities for war. With security comes peace; if all nations would lower their military budget peace with in and amongst nations will blossom.
Iran truly believes that the USA is a major threat to all nations and action should be taken against them! Also Iran strongly believes in this issue that military budgets should be reduced since it will not only provide peace and security but also will provide nations will more money and working forces to further improve the country itself. EVERY nation should be forced to cut its budget not only certain terrorist Zionist nations.
(2) The question of the situation in regions of South America, including the role of drugs, paramilitaries and organized crime:
To begin with the most common drug in South America, the coca bush; which is a drug that increases the nervous system which leads to awake ness. This drug is increasing in high levels especially in the transit countries, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador and Venezuela. Bolivia and Peru are the only countries which the level of cocaine has appeared to be decreasing. Several plans have been made to reduce the amount of drugs used in South America, such as the Plan for Peace and strengthening of the State (plan Colombia). A regional counter drug plan aimed to expanding of the possibility of Plan Colombia with related actions in other countries. The plan will cover interdiction, illicit crop eradication, and alternative development, enhancing security and strengthening institutions in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru and Venezuela and will have the financial and technical support of the United States.
One method developed by Plan Colombia is to spray the land, in which cocaine and other drugs are being grown, using helicopters or planes with fumigation, a type of smoke or gas which is used to kill pests. In 2001 the amount of land sprayed totaled up to more than 50,000 hectares. However, the fumigation didn’t only kill the drugs plants but also crops in near by farms, other than that it has become a threat to human and environmental health! An adequate and balanced assessment will be conducted concerning the health of the environment and humans will be made. Next concerning the role of paramilitaries in South America. A paramilitary organization is a group of civilians trained and organized in a military fashion. Paramilitary groups may serve in many different functions such as some are created by governments as paramilitary police or other internal security forces, some are commando units created by state and are intended for non traditional combat missions, operating outside of the official military and finally other paramilitary groups adopt military organization and aspects of military culture and discipline, but are not intended to fight at all. The paramilitary groups in Colombia control drug trafficking and laboratories and are exchanging illicit drugs for weapons. Finally the issue of organized crime. The United Nation office on drugs and crime has defined organized crime as " a structured group, committing serious crimes for a profit". There are several types of organized crime such as, trafficking drugs, arms, persons, stolen cars or protected species and terrorism.
A serious social problem in Iran is the widespread recreational use of illegal drugs, especially among young men, despite the government’s heavy use of the print and broadcast media to educate the public about the harmful effects of addiction and drug-related crime. Public social services in Iran include a national health insurance program that provides free or low-cost health care in government-run city hospitals and village clinics. Despite considerable prohibition efforts, Iran remains a key transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin to Europe; domestic consumption of narcotics remains a continuous problem and Iranian press reports estimated that there are at least 1.2 million drug users in the country. Iran has been trying to increase the profile of its anti-drugs campaign abroad, but it is having little success. Most countries support it politically, but refuse Iran the critical equipment and training it needs.
(3) The creation of a UN army which will remain independent of member control and the effects such an army might have
A nation's dream WOULD come true. France has a dream which is to have an army that may stand up and help protect their land. Because France has a weak Army they have always wanted someone to help them. The issue of member control should not be dealt with at the moment, however the issue of creating it or not is the issue here.
This is outrageous. An army shall be created only for a country not for an organization. Despite the fact that The UN is a very respected and powerful organization but it could not have an army. Iran will not propose any ideas for this issue except be strongly against it, with the help of other supporting nations, we can make our voice heard. A "UN" army , let us say the issue passed, which country will provide the biggest number of soldiers. Never the less the biggest financial contributor to the UN would be the USA. AND again why would the world nee another US lead army, we already have at least a dozen of them.
(4) Combating illegal trade in small arms in S. Asia [Indian subcontinent]
The illegal arms trade is even harder to approximate. A black market supplies arms to countries that are under an arms embargo, such as Libya, Iraq, and the former Yugoslavia. Arms bought and sold on the black market are estimated to be worth more than $9 billion annually. In addition to conventional weapons, the illegal arms trade includes small-caliber weapons, such as rifles and machine guns that are cheap, effective, and easy to use. Readily available and easy to use, small arms and light weapons have been the primary tools of violence in almost every recent conflict dealt with by the United Nations. In the hands of irregular troops operating with limited respect for international and humanitarian law, these weapons have taken a heavy toll of human lives, with women and children accounting for nearly 80 per cent of the casualties.
Given the serious consequences of the problem as described above, Iran believes that this is a promising time to analyze the small arms and light weapons in use in recent conflicts, the nature and causes of their accumulation and transfer, as well as to recommend to Member States practical measures to prevent and reduce the excessive and threatened accumulation and transfer of such weapons, with a view to diminishing their role in worsen conflicts.
Environment: Abdulaziz AL Mutawa
(1) Combating Poaching in LEDC’s
Most LEDC's have a huge poverty gap and most of them have forests, therefore poaching is very common. Most local poachers are not to be blamed, because poaching is although illegal is the only way to put food in their children mouths. Poaching is not only illegal but also it is the most common factor in animal extinction problems after deforestation. Most LEDC are poor countries and lots of sanctions exist against them. The LEDCs have no idea on what to concentrate more poaching or sanctions or other issues.
The Islamic republic of Iran will propose a resolution contain the following ideas: to begin with lift the sanctions on all LEDCs with poaching trouble. To form a committee that has many jobs to take care of that consist of evaluating the country by most poaching trouble and then propose the monthly report to the General assembly with suggestions on how to act towards the problem. Although not much action is involved, when and if the GA decides to take action then the committee will act upon the orders. We see this solution as the perfect one for the problem at hand. Iran when it proposes this solution certainly would like to ask only nations with poaching problems to join; other nations are not welcome to join. Also the committee will have the headquarters in Tehran this would result in many allies to Iran as we will solve a very haunting case to every environmentalist in the world. Islam is a very generous and forgiving religion and one of its mandates is zakat, zakat is a requirement of donation 2.5% of your annual income to charity. This proves the generosity of Islam an Iran. The other unrecognized religions such as the westerns do not even donate as it says in their untrue so called religion.
(2) Mobilizing and Coordinating the International Response to Environmental Emergencies:
Environmental emergencies are more than likely to occur all around the globe at any given moment therefore local and international response should be mobilized as soon as possible. And enlightened by recent events it was noticed that the response teams were at least two days late if not more. As an example hurricane
Katrina had same environmental issues such destroying the ecosystems near by nay only human rescue teams should have been sent to the location but also water removal teams should have summoned to remove all the water no to damage the already wet land.
The Islamic republic of Iran has suffered from major earthquakes in its past and we admit that response teams were fairly slow. We hope to pass a very good resolution so that to have at least 5 backup plans to any kind of emergency. Iran is planning to form a treaty signed by the "powerful" countries" of the world that are able to send aid packages to any disaster. Instead of having airplane carriers on the seas we can have disaster relive package carriers. Near nations that have constantly suffered from such disasters.
But also as a very important point these carriers will not violate national sovereignty as they will have the clearance of the UN and the same situation as fighter planes carriers. Aid packages when sent to nations in need of them will be delivered at port and taken by local transportation not involving any other foreign operations, if a nation is land locked by permission cars may be used or planes. Nations that are used as passage ways to reach other nations will also be recognized and the popper incentives will be provided. The values that those passing nations receive are numerous starting with border market sales boosting the record. Which may dramatically influence the economy and foreign investments?
We are all aware that some nations such as the USA may not approve of this issue because it actually helps people other than Americans. The USA sadly has the right to vote against the resolution proposed by any nation possibly using the national sovereignty excuse and that nations may not allow the carriers, well we have one answer if u disapprove of the aid carriers then you should call back all the aircraft carriers that are strategically located around the world.
(3) Combating the Effects of Urban Air Pollution:
Air pollution is everywhere today even in the cleanest countries of the world it exist. The consequences of having severe air pollution problems in ac country are disastrous and go up to having TB and cancer spread widely. Even in urban areas the smog levels have raised not only the industrial areas. Even or own children are having issues with respiratory disease.
The Islamic republic of Iran is one of the most countries of the world with urban air pollution in the world. Iran is planning on submitting a resolution that solves the problem at hand but no intention of violation national seventy. Iran itself is facing a major pollution crisis but we do not have any intention on finding a solution today as we do not care for pollution today, our people are strong and can handle little fumes. But if international organizations insist we may propose introducing catalyst systems in cars installed by private owners requested by laws of the government.
The USA is the root of all the problems of the world, them and some other nations. They cause all the problems from political to environmental and even reaching internal issues in Brunei. The pollution situation in Iran is very bad because we do not have the correct facilities to correctly discharge of the fatal fumes, this is all done because the USA has said that Iran is "bad" and today several nations' only trade with Iran. Iran spends almost all of its income on developing the nation's facilities from nuclear t defense, pollution come down the list due to the fact that it is not a major issue to deal with such as the nuclear issue. Again with American trouble, the united states of America hold the copy right on such devices. The USA has forced illegal sanctions to keep Iran from affording them. This is a world wide known fact.
(4) Reducing Lack of Water in Relation to Desertification, Droughts, and Water Shortages
Water is the secret of life as we know it. Desertification is basically killing nations such as the Middle Eastern nations. These nations cannot be interdependent because they cannot plant anything in most of their land; their land is mostly not arable. Droughts and water shortages are destroying the nations from much side like population decline and economy drops.
Iran is facing this issue on a wide perspective and we are suffering from water shortages, even though the Persian Gulf has a very long coastline for Iran it is expensive to desalinate water, water can be provided in cheaper ways such as decontaminating sewage water, but who would want to drink that water. As a Muslim nation we believe that everything is chosen to be by Allah, and rain is one of those things. Allah provides the water, and we cannot demand water from Allah.
1. The Violation of Human Rights, including the Right to Privacy, by Measures to Eliminate Terrorism
It hasn’t been easy in the last few years to counter terrorism. Many measure have been taken which have ultimately been a failure. When it comes to the decision of getting any links to hunt down the terrorists with the result of violating the basic rights of a human being, it’s always a yes for the USA. The massacre of large numbers of civilians gives the USA a right for doing so. They are convinced that terrorism of all its forms is not justified to protect and promote the human rights of the suspects. They also claim that the terrorist acts going on are violating the rights of all citizens. This "Patriotic Act" has given the US a right to confine any suspect with "reasonable grounds".
Terrorism have been created by "US’s polices, money, and support." According to Ahmadinejad. Human rights is a big issue in Islam, by no means it can be violated because of any issue. The US once again wishes to be an enemy of Islamic nations. It is unacceptable to use terrorism, as an excuse to spy on our Islamic Alliance, thus should elaborate on these "reasonable grounds". Even more outraging is that the US is the nation, which unofficially brought terrorist acts throughout he years. Again, the US is being allowed discriminating Islam, (as seen in their continuous involvement into enlarging Israel), and accusing Iran of being a terrorist supporting nation; when ironically most terrorist groups are Sunni! They keep magnifying Islamic terrorism when the Israelis keep killing our Muslim brothers and sisters every day; some of their involvements in Iraq could be considered as terrorism. They will go by any means to bring Iran down. Iran believes that those so-called "terrorists" should be judged at the nation they were found to be in, and not thrown into a camp only to be discriminated. We also find it outrageous for nations to pronounce that the Iranian ideology in the same league with the so-called "Islamic Terrorists", and will be offended when is claimed that.
2. Strengthening the Protection and the Monitoring of Human Rights of the Disabled
The disabled have found hard for any means of equality, they are always left second or third choice. The major barrier that is holding them back is the prejudice among the citizens. Being disabled does not make them inferior to others. It’s less than a minority of seeing disabled working in government agencies or companies.
Iran like all Muslim allies believe that its what you have inside that counts. They should be given equal rights to with the rest of the people. Although it is only fair that we take into consideration on the severity of the disability by going through tests. Our prophet Mohammad (May peace and blessings of god be upon him) once said that it doesn’t matter what one looks, connections he has, or money to be accepted. Therefore Iran would like to bring down the barrier holding the disabled down. Acts such as non-profit voluntarily disabled helping foundations are very much welcomed and must be awarded. Iran would like the UN to give any type of donations to the volunteers, whom would also be awarded at death. To furthermore prove that Islam is based on equality, the "Zakat" is given out by all Muslims "who can" to those "who cant".
3. The Situation of Democracy and Human Rights in Belarus
The Belarus’ government is known for their disregards of basic human rights. Missing persons including former minister of interior Mr. Yuri Zakharenko, Victor Gonchar, former Vice-President of the Parliament of Belarus, and Dmitri Zavadski, a cameraman for the Russian television channel ORT. Even though some action was taken, the government's human rights record remained very poor and worsened in some areas, and Belrusian officials continue to deny numerous grave abuses. Police abuse and occasional torture of prisoners and detainees continue, prison detainees overcrowding remains a problem. Security forces randomly arrest and detain the public for political reasons. In addition, politicians were sentenced to jail because of political crimes such as the offense of state officials.
Iran are outraged that the US consider Iran and Belarus on the same level of human rights offenders. Are we not on the same level, but Iran doesn’t have any human rights discrimination, we thankfully abide Islam; the religion of peace and justice. What is going on in Belarus is unacceptable, but we don’t feel that we have the right to interfere with the Belrusian; unlike the policies of some of the superpowers in the world today. Speaking of superpowers, it is quite understandable that the US is hushed on this havoc. They themselves keep grabbing every chance they have to overthrow our beloved nation. As an act of revenge after the hostage situation at the US embassy, they supported a shah who surprisingly for felt hatred to the Iran public who ousted legendary leader Mohammad Mossadegh from power. It was followed by 25 years of dictatorship; Iran lived the infamous ‘American Dream". And the Republic of Iran certainly hasn’t forgotten the U.S. government’s support of Saddam Hussein and Iraq during the first Gulf War; why did they just recently believe that Saddam owned WoMD’s?!
4. Solving the Practical Problems Connected to the Insurance of Equal Enjoyment of Civil and Political Rights Men and Women
Until the end of the 20th century, most societies denied women some of their legal and political rights. Although modern-day women have gained a great amount of legal rights, many people believe that women still do not have inclusive political, economic, and social rights in compared to men. Today, women of the western world, thanks to the media, has been brought out as a free woman, and those of Asian communities are thought to be discriminated and don’t have rights of their own.
Since the start of Islam, women have been treated as jewels or roses. All men treated them with the utmost respect. An example of one of the most accomplished and liberated women in history was Khadija (may peace upon her soul), Prophet Mohammad’s (May peace and blessings of god be on him) first wife; she was the one who even proposed the marriage to him. Iran believes that in those western states were a woman is viewed as a free woman, is really just a cover-up for what is really a woman is going through. Many women degradation appears to happen like issues as prostitution (which is disgracefully trying to be made legal). In Iran, we believe that men and women have equal rights in their own criteria. We have given our women equivalent rights as men; like the rights to vote, drive, travel and most importantly; we have women in our parliament. It is not a coincidence that the not all the Sunni residents of the Gulf have not given them their rights, or gave it to them just recently. What’s disgraceful in the western nations is that women are influenced to go out their house half-naked! Women are pearls, they have to be respected and valued, and the Governments should not influence women in doing theses sins.
5. Effective Prevention and Instigation of Widespread Religious Humiliation of Muslim Detainees
According to former detainees and other reports, prisoners of Guantanamo bay are humiliated and tortured mentally and physically. Former prisoners and their legal counsel made a substantial number of these reports. The reports have afterward been confirmed by governmental documents. The government responded to the swelling evidence of prisoner abuse with either outright denials of the incident or with the rationalization that the abuse was part of a standard interrogation system. The US Department of Defense primarily discharged the accusations, stating that those prisoners were trained at terrorist camps to make these false allegations.
It is a depressing in Islamic history when outsiders stoop so low that they consider us Muslims as terrorists; some have stooped so low that interrogation techniques as sexual harassment. Iran condemns the US for creating this torture camp as revenge for the terrorist attacks on their land; which made the US just as low as these terrorists. It is unacceptable to allow these westerners to humiliate our Muslim brothers. No words could be said on their so-called "interrogation strategies". Where is the United Nations when a huge violation of human rights are occurring every second? Even Muslims (Shiad) have been treated without respect in some Muslim nations! We are disgusted that Iran itself has been accused of religious humiliation against Jews and Bahai’s, when Islam is the religion of equality and peace. The Guantanamo bay should be shut down immediately if the US does not give the UN the key to the gates. All prisoners must be dealt with their respective nations, and the stateless’ must be dealt with by a established court, and should be held responsible for their sheltering.
Social ( yevtte)
1. The Improvement of the Relations between the Islamic and the Western World.
If one mentions the number 444 to many Americans, they will immediately think of the hostages from the US Embassy held by Iran for 444 days. For many Americans the first things that come to mind when one mentions Iran are: the hostage crisis, the bombing of the marine barracks and the embassy in Lebanon in the early 1980s, support for Hezbollah and other "terrorist" groups, and mullahs in black turbans leading demonstrators yelling "Marg bar Amrika" (Death to America). Iran believes they were very good reasons to doing this.
George Bush's State-of-the-Union speech in January 2002, wherein he mentioned Iran as part of the "axis of evil" did not come out of a vacuum. There have been many persons in successive administrations who have claimed that Iran was a source of "evil". Ronald Reagan directly said it was a "source of evil". On the contrary, America, with its imperialist foreign policy in the Middle East, is the origin of pure evil.
Iranians also resent the sanctions imposed on them, and the strong attempts by the US to isolate them from the world. They also have a sense that the US robbed them of wealth and income, not only from the sanctions, but also by freezing Iranian assets. The increasingly warm relations between the EU, Russia, China, and others with Iran seem to be helping Iran go around many of the extraterritorial sanctions and laws imposed by the US. America will pay the price sooner that it thinks.
Therefore, the Iranian government does not recognize the importance of improving relations with America.
2. The Oppression of Religious and/ or Ethnical Minorities.
The majority and state religion of Iran is Shia Islam. Other religions practiced in Iran by Iranians include Christianity, Zoroastrianism, Mandaeanism, Bahá'í and Judaism. It is astounding there are still places in the world where people are imprisoned, charged with espionage and possibly face the death penalty because of their religious beliefs. Iran's Jewish community has a 2,500 year history and currently numbers about 30,000 people. Prior to the Islamic Revolution, the community had numbered roughly 100,000 people, but tens of thousands of Iran's Jews were forced to flee the country. In 1999 13 Jewish community leaders in Iran were arrested for plotting against the Iranian regime . These Jewish leaders were in fact disloyal spies working for the treacherous American and Zionist states. The statement that Jews have been executed by the Iranian government is American propaganda calculated to discredit The Islamic Republic of Iran! The persecution of members of the Bahai Faith has also been common since the Iranian Revolution.
We categorically denounce allegations that The Islamic Republic of Iran has oppressed religious minorities as listed above.
3. The Protection of Folklore and Traditional Knowledge.
Iran believes that WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization) meetings are the best and most appropriate place for dealing with such scientific matters because of the participation of distinguished and well informed experts from all over the world.
Until such a time when all WIPO member states agree upon and accept a uniform definition of Folklore, Traditional Knowledge, Traditional Culture and Intellectual Cultural Heritage, we will face serious problems for their documentation and for the adoption and enforcement of strong and efficient systems for the overall protection of Expressions of Folklore and Traditional Knowledge. Further problems which will be posed include the determination of their real and rightful owners.
The Islamic Republic of Iran believes that, under the present circumstances, "documenting" the cultural elements of traditional communities which are under the threat of extinction, is a vital issue. The importance of documenting Folklore, Traditional Knowledge and generally Intellectual Culture is so important that if we fail to do so or if we do no take it seriously, we will certainly deprive future generations of the experiences, knowledge, technology, talent and creativity of their ancestors and we will lose valuable human heritage.
The Islamic Republic of Iran attaches much importance to its ancient cultural identity and cultural heritage and has thus taken some steps for the documentation of various fields and Expressions o Folklore and Traditional Knowledge.
In comparison with our valuable Cultural Heritage, however, these measures are neither adequate not sufficient enough. As far as handicrafts are concerned, about 160 lines of traditional arts have been identified. These include carpet weaving, pottery, ceramics and handicrafts related to the wood industry. Identification and collection of documents in respect of those lines of industry that have been abolished and have fallen into disuse or are becoming extinct receive the same amount of attention as those that are still active and currently practised across the country.
Similar measures are also being taken by the institutions, organizations and ministries in charge of Iranian handicrafts. The documentation of Expressions of Folklore and Traditional Knowledge is however not yet being conducted in a centralized manner. Islamic Republic of Iran believes that in the present circumstances we also need comprehensive, strong and up-to-date laws and regulations to facilitate effective protection of the Cultural and Intellectual Heritage. Adoption and enforcement of such laws and regulations ought to be conducted with great care and attention.
The Islamic Republic of Iran was one of the first countries which became a member state to the "Convention on Adoption of Measures for Prohibition and Prevention of Illegal Import, Export and Transfer of Cultural Properties" (November 1970 UNESCO Convention) and the formalities for acceding to the UNIDROIT Convention dated 1995. Iran was also one of the first countries which became a member state to the "Convention on Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritages" (November 1972 UNESCO Convention).
Iran would support resolutions that: a) the documentation of Folklore and Traditional Knowledge must be conducted in a centralized manner or merges all steps into one single governmental organization through appropriate planning and management.
4. The Provision of Protection to Asylum-seekers in Destination Countries
Having sorely neglected the Afghan refugee crisis for years, the September 11 attacks on the United States focused international attention on the dire humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan and the chronic refugee situation across its borders in Pakistan and Iran. Iran's tough policies toward Afghan refugees pre-dated September 11. Out of the one and a half to two million Afghans living in Iran, the government estimated that as many as half a million were undocumented.
The Iranian Red Crescent Society assisted with the establishment of two camps in northwestern Afghanistan close to the Iranian border. Mile-46, with a population of some 1,000 displaced persons, was established in an area under the control of the Northern Alliance forces, while Makaki camp with a population of 6,000 was, until Northern Alliance advances in mid-November, in a Taliban controlled area. The lack of security in the camps made it difficult for aid agencies to operate safely, and by early November there were reports that several thousand Afghans were camped in the open around Makaki camp which was already filled beyond capacity. Aid agencies expressed concern about the health of displaced people in and around Makaki camp as winter approached. Despite this, Iran continued to keep its borders shut to fleeing Afghans. The interior minister, Abdolvahed Musavi-Lari, stated that "it is better and more efficient to provide the refugees with assistance within their homes for humanitarian reasons."
ECOSOC (Abdulaziz B)
Issue # 1: The Improvement of Labor Conditions Worldwide
The effort that workers put into their everyday jobs yields them benefits at the personal level, while the overall effort of these workers contributes to their country’s economical advancement and, inevitably, power. Laborers worldwide operate under various conditions in their workplaces. Workers in many parts of the world are prone to disease, injury or even death on a daily basis. The International Confederation of Free Trade Unions has announced that more than 2 million workers die each year of hazardous working conditions. Working conditions are, in many cases, the prime reason for the resulting productivity of the laborer. This means that if working conditions in a country are improved, the productivity of its workers will improve, therefore resulting in the advancement of the country’s economy. Countries that allow members of their labor force to work under such harsh and hazardous conditions should be prosecuted, making room for international agencies to intervene. The improvement of labor conditions worldwide is a crucial issue, requiring immediate attention by the responsible authorities, such as the International Labor Organization (ILO).
The Iranian government has successfully attended the last International Labor Conference, showing its support of workers’ rights and its effort in refuting the "barbaric" image some countries have of it, although it is not a member of the ILO. Iran has publicly stated at that conference that it is working on improving the labor rights and conditions of workers in the country and has displayed that woman and youth labor rights have improved. Furthermore, Iran’s name was removed from a list of labor law violators. Many workers have been lobbying for labor unions, but the Iranian government finds that impractical as it hinders the work of the efficient Islamic government and opens the floor for unneeded criticism by individuals who only want to reignite flames of the revolution The government of Iran may at times have converted permanent contracts to temporary ones, at the protest of several workers, but he government believes that it is only doing this to benefit its people and that proof of the government’s efficient work ethic lies in the oil industry which is the second largest in the world. Countries such as Japan who turn a blind eye to illegal Iranian workers do it because they need the Iranian workforce and expertise in these areas. These workers satisfy the Japanese government’s one percent of foreign-born workers as they need to aid the companies in their own nation by ignoring the rules temporarily. Iranian workers in Japan are strictly adhering to labor rules and regulations, proving that they are an efficient labor force even overseas and satisfying the needs of the Japanese companies without causing any trouble.
Iran believes that workers should be given their rights as long as they do not speak against the government, as it is trying its best to provide them their rights as dictated by Islamic law, and believes that no one should argue with the rights given by Islamic law, as they are perfect and do not need to be altered or adjusted. The USA especially is clearly violating workers’ rights, with the number of immigrant detainees reaching 20,000 per day just because they do not trust them, although they work more efficiently sometimes than even local residents.
Issue 2: Agricultural Subsidies and their Implications
Agricultural subsidies have long existed, beginning primarily in the early 20th century when many nations began to aid their farming industries by providing subsidies to farmers. This meant either increasing the price of farm products or paying the farmers for their products. This encouraged more workers to enter the farming industry because of the benefits that could be reaped from such subsidies. Once the subsidies started, though, it was hard to stop them because the farmers got used to being rewarded for their produce. Many laws were instated to attempt to decrease the subsidies, but major protests were the only response they received. These subsidies are, however, are under debate in free trade organizations, because they are deemed as opposing the concept of free trade between countries.
Iran’s non-oil exports include agriculture, which makes up 30 percent of non-oil exports as Iran has an increasingly growing agricultural industry supported by the government. Iran is the largest producer of pistachios and saffron in the world and it has recently joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) this year. This does not seem to be affecting it in a negative way, but in fact the agricultural sector is predicted to be Iran’s easiest adaptation. Iran does provide subsidies to farmers, but they are less than the maximum limit of subsidies that countries are allowed to provide to their farmers according to the WTO’s standards. This is why Iran is relatively safe in adjusting to WTO standards agriculturally. Iran’s agricultural sector has also improved over the past decade, starting with the period after the Iran-Iraq war until the present. Wheat farmers are probably the most agricultural workers who get subsidies from the government, as wheat farming is one of the largest agricultural sectors, wheat being a staple of the Iranian diet. Even with this huge production of wheat, Iran is not self sufficient and needs to import wheat from Canada and other countries. Iran’s major agricultural import partners are Canada, Australia and Germany.
Iran would more practically want to reduce subsidies and import more from their major import partners if it would cost less than subsidizing. This means that countries such as Canada are exporting a great deal of agricultural goods to Iran, and Iran is at the same time subsidizing its own agricultural industry. If the major exporters of agricultural products to Iran would increase their exports and at the same time perhaps lower the prices, Iran would provide fewer subsidies to its farmers as it would cost less to import products, therefore diminishing the need to provide subsidies which are in fact costly for the government. Farmers will then need to make their living without subsidies, nourishing the farm industry and making it more competitive.
Issue 3: Controlling the High Level of Energy Consumption by Fast Developing Countries
The issue of energy sources has been the principal source of debate in recent years, as it concerns every developing country or country that wishes to develop itself, which basically encompasses all the countries in the international community. Developing countries, however, have a greater need for that energy, and as the years go by tend to consume more and more of it to an indescribable extent. In the past few decades, energy consumption has only risen, and is projected to continue its positive slope. Oil is the prime energy source in the world today, as it has been before, and there has still not been any breakthrough in an alternate fuel source on a worldwide consumable basis. The United States alone consumes 25 percent of the world’s energy, which is a ridiculous amount that the USA is probably wasting on polluting the environment and leading to environmental dangers among many other risks. The Iranian government does not sell the United States oil, which contributes to decreased energy consumption by the USA. Iran is helping the world to solve this problem, but the USA is keen on consuming more and more energy, in order to quench its thirst for energy, specifically oil.
Iran is both the second largest producer of oil and the second largest producer of natural gas in the world today. Natural gas makes up almost half of Iran’s energy consumption, and the government is regulating gas prices, making them more affordable to the public so as to shift consumption away from oil, kerosene and alternate energy sources. The government heavily subsidizes the natural gas prices, which allows individuals in the country to consume energy at a much more affordable price. Iran’s nuclear energy plant is a producer of alternative energy for the country, and therefore Iran is openly encouraging alternate non-polluting energy while in the meantime subsidizing natural gas prices until the narrow-minded western nations actually believe it is producing for self-sufficiency and not for nuclear weapons. Iran ranks as 16th in worldwide energy consumption.
Iran thinks that practically, nations should be allowed to sell energy resources to whoever they wish to, and the energy-consuming nation itself is the one that should regulate its energy usage. The side selling the energy or providing it is not harming the environment by using the energy in any way, but it is the countries consuming this energy that harm it. Energy used in destructive ways, such as powering weapons and military units, should not be allowed to be provided to countries such as the USA which is causing great damages to countries around the world with its military units that consume increasing amounts of energy. Iran would typically encourage active nuclear energy programs for peaceful purposes, and condemn nations that are developing them for military purposes and nations that at the same time are known to have nuclear weapons. Iran would encourage more funding for research of peaceful nuclear energy as an alternative energy source, as it is doing right now and proving to be an environment-friendly country with its failed attempts at negotiating with the international community to be allowed self-sufficiency in nuclear fuel.
Issue 4: The Protection and Recognition of Indigenous People and their Heritage
Indigenous people around the world are the basis for any culture and/or civilization. They are innately present in their respective locations and deserve respect and care by the nation that houses them. Unfortunately, in many nations today the rights of indigenous people are abused, and they are at times stripped of their heritage in order to pave the way for more modern opinions of how an area should look like or how people should behave. For example, the United Nations Commission on Human Rights sent a delegation to the Philippines a few years ago to write a report on the situation there. The result showed that many indigenous tribes felt oppressed and felt that their rights were being violated by private companies that only aimed to force them out of their lands into less prosperous urban areas. The United Nations has shown increased concern for the rights of indigenous people, declaring the decade for indigenous people and forming the Working Group on Indigenous Populations in 1982.
Iran has a great population of indigenous people, with about 5 million of them composing the annexed Ahwazi-Arab population in southwestern Iran. These people unrightfully do not admit to the Iranian government being their legal representative. Eighty-five percent of Iran’s oil production is yielded from the oil fields located in the Ahwazi-Arab-inhabited regions. These tribes are complaining that the government is making deals with foreign companies concerning development projects in their areas while they are not receiving any benefit from it. Iran fully recognizes the rights of indigenous people within its borders, but the issue of oil is a sensitive one and since the industry is nationalized, there is no group that can make claims as to wanting to receive a share of it. Other oil-producing states such as Kuwait do not give oil profits to the people. Indigenous people have rights just like other citizens as long as they respect the government and accept it as their legal representative.
Iran feels that the oil industry is the government’s responsibility, and is taking all the steps to further benefit the individuals in the nation based on the profits received by the oil industry. Iran feels that indigenous people should be respected as given by the limits of religion, as it would only adhere to rights given by religion, and not anymore. The Iranian government feels that any violent actions of these groups or speeches that speak against the government are in fact against the ethics of the Iranian regime, and these groups that continue these radical actions should be condemned. Iran feels that the USA is not setting the example as a supposed "superpower" in this issue as it continues to disrespect rights of Native Americans who were evidently in possession of the land before them. The USA has a long history of destroying native Indian settlements and forcing them to evacuate and migrate, causing many of them to die on the way.
Issue 5: Extreme Poverty in the Former French Colonies
France was once such a powerful nation that it had conquered and claimed over 20 colonies, territories and nations. Its rule spread through Africa, Asia and North America. It is ironic that now in many of the former French colonies extreme poverty reigns. This is especially true for African nations such as Burkina Faso and Senegal. This could be a result of many factors, the first of which is the fact that the French, unlike the British colonialists, did not try to educate the people in their colonies. This led to problems when the French left their colonies and there was a lack of educated people on which the country should be governed. Now that France does not need the people in its former colonies and has its own problems to worry about, it is neglecting them.
Iran currently is involved in talks with Britain, France and Germany on its nuclear issue. Iran deplores colonialist countries such as Britain and France for colonizing these countries and pervading them with their various unethical beliefs, sometimes affecting pure Islamic states such as France did with Algeria. Iran thinks that France, if it thought that it was better than the nations that it invaded and just wanted to flaunt its power, should at least keep up its colonies and support them regularly. Otherwise, it shouldn’t have invaded in the first place if its goal was just to weaken them by spreading filthy ideas into their country and altering their cultural beliefs and later pulling out. Iran believes that France should at least show some common sense in doing this, and bring its common sense with it to the nuclear discussions table so that it can saliently see that Iran, with all proof in front of it, is NOT developing nuclear weapons technology.
Threatened by the fact that the US military budgets accounted for 49'% of the (2) world's total in 2004 and along with the other top four countries, 70% of the world's total budget,
Acknowledging that the world's military budget increased by 18% in the years (5) 2002 and 2003 and continues to increase,
Noting with regret that the developing countries are being forced by developed countries to increase their military budgets to insure their safety and security,
Pointing out that if countries reduce their military budget they will have more money to solve other issues within their nations,
Further points that there are many countries in need of aid and assistance,
Defines peace as the absence of war or other hostilities; also an agreement or a treaty to end hostilities; www.dictionary.com,
Further defines security as the Freedom from risk or danger; safety,
Notes with regret that the poor countries are facing threat from the rich nations due to one reason "money";
1. Creation of an organization which will be named the World Military Budget Watcher Organization (WMBWO), which will: A. Assign evaluators, recommended by state parties, to evaluate all nations of the world of their military budgets, B. Insure all military budgets will be reduced and that the goal at hand is reached, C. Consist of: i. Evaluators, ii. Watchers, iii. Investigators, iv. Army solders and officers, D. All teams stated above will be recommended and chosen by state parties’ evaluation, E. The WMBWO and the WMT will meet twice a year, more if needed, in the headquarters which is located in Geneva and more meetings will occur when needed. These meetings will: 1. Be composed of: a. Three members from the most affected nations, b. Two members from the affected nations, c. One member from the least affected nations; 2. Talk about accomplishments, losses and needs that affect the topic at hand, 3. Discuss and make choices together on all decision making problems;
2. Creation of a list that will: A. Prove to all nations which nations should be controlled and which nations are truly innocent, B. Help the WMBWO decide on which country should be dealt with at first and which at last;
3. Create incentives, which are not created to bribe nations, to all nations who sign this resolution, such as: A. Increasing their financial position, since they will not be spending a great deal on military expenses, B. Decreasing in the rate of death from wars, C. Giving other incentives will be decided during the annual meetings;
4. Further the creation of a fund organization which will be named the Nations' Fund Organization (NFO), which will: A. Collect donations from countries who decide to aid the countries in need, B. Evaluate all nations in need for economic aid, C. Help all nations in need not only economically but also medically,
5. Calls upon all nations to realize that the nations who don’t sign this resolution are the nations whom we should be threatened by;
6. Congratulates and thanks all nations, organizations, governments and all whom have tried to solve this issue;
7. Invites an increased number of UN members to get involved;
Issue: Reducing Lack of Water in Relation to Desertification, Droughts, and Water Shortages Country: The Islamic Republic of Iran Delegate: Abdulaziz AL Mutawa Commission: Environment and Ecology
Acknowledging Mr. Dwight D. Eisenhower on his very wide quote of : "Among these treasures of our land is water fast becoming our most valuable, most prized, most critical resource, a blessing where properly used, but it can bring devastation and ruin when left uncontrolled, ",
Alarmed by the rate of foul water that is being produced worldwide and sold as sanitary water to the less fortunate nations of the modern world,
Guided by ALLAH when he said in the holy Quraan " when we sacrificed water as the secret of life ", and the teachings of Islam and Allah that water is the secret of life and one must take an advantage of that precious gift before it runs out,
Deeply convinced that a number of misled governments are stealing water and have water being stolen from them right out in the open and no body in the international community is taking care of the issue,
Further alarmed by the fact that water shortages create extreme poverty issues, lay the extreme percentage of water being wasted global wise,
Extremely alarmed that according to the former Soviet union intelligence agency, the KGB, that the American Canadian borders are facing a very delicate issue on one of the five great lakes which they resolved by dividing the water to fifty percentage each,
Fully Aware that according to the Iranian national news agency (Iran) of the economic disaster Jordan is facing due to the lack of water in the agriculture based economy and losing an average of $2 billion a year,
Noting that according to the Iranian intelligence agency that starting a committee based on donations would fail due to the fact that donor fatigue is an issue after several natural disasters, as proven in Syria ,Peru, Israel, Turkey,
1.Resolves the creation of the Global Sea Security convention in Tehran (GSSCT) that will ensure that hygienic water will be delivered into all parts of the world in need of it, the convention will contain: A. An Agency that will enforce the convention, B. An administrative branch of the convention , that will take care of reports and office work, 1. Repots to the united nations, 2. Executive orders to the agency's branches ( if necessary), C. A strict set of laws reinforcing the convention rules and regulations,
2. Calls upon the creation of the Global Water Security agency (GWSA) acting under the United Nations authority and subordinate to the GSSCT in all continents which will contain: A. A research committee, that will 1. Receive complaints of the misusages of water around the globe, 2. Research the complaint and discuss effective ways to deal with the issue, 3. Propose suggestions on the ideal ways of solving the crisis, 4. Inform all sides of the complaints of the existing issues and that something has to be done, B. A Legal committee that will in effect be responsible of: 1. Utilizing the aid from the Security Council and the authority of the International Court of Justice, issue the correct judgment that will effectively, 2. Solve the issue in a way that all nations are satisfied, 3. Ensure that the price of sanitary water will not be subsidized in any way possible, 4. Decide on the punishments of the violating nations, a. Recommend to the Security Council for sanctions, b. Recommend to the ICJ
3. Strongly obliges the nation violating the other nation’s rights to compensate any loss in any ways to any damage done by the lack of water, A. An administrative committee that will be responsible of: 1. Sending monthly reports of any progress made in any of the complaints issues, 2. Take care of all national issues with subordinate nations to the convention,
4. Affirms that the members of each member in the GWSA will be: A. Qualified researchers from around the globe specialized in environmental issues, B. Experienced researchers of politics that will take care of national sovereignty issues with the complaining nations, C. Certified global judges concerned in all environmental issues worldwide, D. A group of environmental lawyers that may be appointed to the nations that comes with complaints, if the nations cannot afford the legal costs, E. A group of experienced United Nations law makers that are familiar with the laws and their rules and regulations of the United Nations, F. A number of highly recommended office staff that are dedicated on finding a solution for current important environmental issues, G. A group of Administrative staff that is familiar with the procedures and regulations of the United Nations,
5. Affirms that the members of each member in the GWSA will be: A. The Research committee: 1. Qualified researchers from around the globe specialized in environmental issues, 2. Experienced researchers of politics that will take care of national sovereignty issues with the complaining nations, B. The Legal committee: 1.Certified global judges concerned in all environmental issues worldwide, 2.A group of environmental lawyers that may be appointed to the nations that come with complaints, if the nations cannot afford the legal costs, 3. A group of experienced United Nations law makers that very familiar with the laws and their rules and regulations of the United Nations, C. The Administrative Committee : 1. A number of highly recommended office staff that are dedicated on finding a solution to current important environmental issues, 2. A group of Administrative staff that are familiar with the procedures and regulations of the United Nations,
6. Further resolves that the GSSCT will strictly enforce the following rules: A. A nation must be either in need of sanitary water in order to be a part of the agency or a nation that has its full capacities to provide sanitary water, capabilities such as: 1. A strong economy, 2. A respected health department, 3. A Strong and respected and trusted government, B. Any nation caught practicing illegal actions by providing clean water will be prosecuted by international law systems, C. Any nation willing to help the GSSCT but has no direct connection with fresh water issues is more than welcome to do so, however in order to maintain the effectiveness of the agency and convention it shall not become a member of the any of the agencies,
7. Approves of the creation of a temporary board of directors that only meet when a crisis is at hand to decide on the incentives that may be provided to the nation that fully complies first, A. The members will be the directors of the three branches of the agency, B. The incentives may be numerous but some are: 1.Economic aid, 2.The Technology needed to start a sanitary water treatment plant to provide fresh water in all parts of infected nations, 3.The increase in credibility of the nation worldwide by publishing the great accomplishments of the mentioned nation,
8. Encourages Nations that are willing to help not to join the agency but join the convention due to the following reasons: A. If the agency is listed with a roaster list of nations what is the difference from the General assembly, B. The smaller the numbers of defected nations seeking help the more efficient an answer will be figured out,
9. Strongly urges all affected countries to submit annual reports about the situation of the water resource problem in the area A. Statistics about the overall water consumption, B. Data about the current situation of water pollution C. the efforts of the state to improve the current situation.
Delegation: The Islamic Republic Of Iran Delegate: Ahmed Al-Mughni Forum: Environment Issue: Effective Prevention and Instigation of Widespread Religious Humiliation of Muslim Detainees
Acknowledges that according to the Los Angeles Times reports, that at least 10 percent of the 625 war prisoners captured in Afghanistan and now held at the infamous US naval base prison in Guantanamo Bay have "no meaningful connection" with the Taliban or Al Qaeda and were brought into the camp with a gun pointed at the back of their heads,
Regrets that the majority of the world either believes or is scared to speak their opinion when Ms. Rice once stated, "We have always respected our international legal obligations and we have led the world in developing new international law",
Condemns the US by the devastating accounts WHERE in capturing innocent people such as A. Having the US forces locking up prisoners in buildings for beatings, including punching and kicking. a 115-page folder by ex-detainees alleges that one prisoner was left with brain damage after soldiers beat him as punishment for attempting suicide, B Detainees forcibly were injected with drugs; shackled, hooded and forced to squat for hours or days; being kept without clothing in freezing air conditioning and less than minimum hours of sleep, C. Sexual humiliation including photographing prisoners without clothing and subjecting them to unwarranted and brutal anal searches. D. Psychological torture, including being held in isolation for weeks or months with threats to kill them. The ex-prisoner claimed that at Guantanamo, one US soldier told him, "You killed my family in the towers and now it’s time to get you back, E. Religious harassment including the forced shaving of detainee’s beards and guards throwing prisoners Holy Quran into toilets,
Acknowledges that Mr. George W. Bush keeps denying the personal records (in picture and video) of ex-prisoners; all he keeps doing is denying, whereas statements by former British prisoners at Guantanamo Bay provide further proof that the sadistic torture used at Abu Ghraib in Iraq originated in Afghanistan and the Guantanamo bay. The declarations were followed by new evidence that Australian detainees in Guantanamo Bay (David Hicks and Mamdouh Habib,
Bearing in mind that the US are completely taking the matter as a joke, just ecently the US Secretary of Defense went out on international television while eating classy food, claiming it was what the detainees were eating at the torture camp; a scandalous disgrace to modern civilization,
Further Acknowledges that the US is also keeping quiet on the "Israeli" prisoner camps; "For all I care, they can starve to death!" stated the "Israeli" Minister for Internal Security Tzahi Hanegbi after a prisoner hunger strike because of the lack of the abundance of abuse going on,
Taking into consideration that there is video evidence of a young Tzahi and friends hunting Muslim students down with bicycle chains; who wouldn’t have expected the "Israel" mission to bring down Islam when such low-life human beings is leading Zionists,
Extremely alarmed that the IDF ("Israeli" Defense Forces) declare again and again that they are at war. And at such times, war permits them to commit acts such as "targeted eliminations", which, in any other situation, would be called murder. But in a war, one kills the enemy without court proceedings. And in general, the killing and wounding of people, demolition of homes, and all the other acts of the occupiers that have become daily occurrences are being justified by the state of war; in other words when a soldier wears uniform, he is justified to do so, and when he isn’t wearing uniform he is considered a criminal or terrorist (a.k.a the Palestinian Militias),
Noting with alarm that, according to the LA times, 40% of all prisoners held in Guantanmo Bay have "no connection with Al-Qaeda,"
1. Establishes the organization of RDP (Religious Degradation Prevention), which would thoroughly investigate interrogation camps that are suspected of having exceedingly savage interrogation techniques, the evidence must be credible and convincing to the RDP committee,
2. Approves that RDP investigators will be placed in a two month period (subject to the random checks given out) will have the power to; A. Instantly halt a interrogation, placing interrogator generals and leaders into trial; and if found extremely guilty, they would be handed to a approved courtroom of the RDP, B. Visit prisoners held in the RDP cells temporarily, just until the case’s verdict; the nations of the prisoner have the right to recall a person of their nationality and place a judgment by themselves (at that time only), C. Give judges the power to shut down the camp completely (which can happen depending on the verdict),
3. Further approves that observers must be form from the most prominent country of the respective prisoner’s religion; and can be interviewed by the interrogation camp’s nation,
4. Confirms that the RDP investigators would be highly religious people elected by various nations in the UN, with the most worthy investigators would be chosen by the SC,
5. Affirms that integrators would also be from a nation most prominent of that religion of the prisoners; if there are minorities, a diminutive amount of instigators from the most prominent nation of that religion would be permitted,
6. Further confirms that stales nation detainees would stay at the RDP headquarters and be interrogated by a branch of the RDP used solely for interrogation using techniques that will be discussed between the RDP, SC, ICJ, and ICC representatives,
Submitted By: Iran Commission: ECOSOC Issue of: Controlling the High Level of Energy Consumption by Fast Developing Countries Student: Abdulaziz Al-Bahar
Deeply Disturbed by information coming from the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) concerning the United States’ role in wasting the world’s energy, as it uses up 25% of the world’s energy resources,
Noting with Concern according to the Foundation of American Scientists (FAS) the fact that Israel established its "Dimona" Nuclear Reactor and has tried to hide it from the world since its operation in 1964, let alone the fact that it is the primary plant used for the construction of its nuclear weapons,
Expressing Its Appreciation towards Japan for, as stated by the Al-Jazeera News Network, its successful and efficient establishment of the "Monju" Fast Breeder Reactor, paving the way for safer, less toxic nuclear energy research,
Fully Deploring the United States, as the US EIA proves, for having not built an active nuclear power plant in the past 2,
Noting according to the US EIA the environmental hazards that can result from usage of fossil fuels as an energy source, and further noting that the USA is responsible for 24% of the world’s carbon emissions due to their use of fossil fuels,
Viewing the statement of the head of the Federal Atomic Agency in Russia, as provided by the Moscow News, "There are no complaints against us from the IAEA, or against Iran, because we are following all the required procedures," to be completely true,
Congratulating China as stated by the US EIA, for consuming only 10% of the world’s energy, although it has around 22% of the world’s population and one of the largest industries in the world , unlike the energy-wasting, war-loving USA,
Welcoming research in the fields of nuclear technology that can be developed for peaceful purposes, and not for developing weapons of mass destruction;
1. Declares the formation of the United Nations Protocol on Energy Usage (UNPEU) which will be established under the guidance of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and whose signatory members will be all the member countries of the IAEA;
2. Resolves that nations signatory to the UNPEU who are currently noted to have nuclear weapons by the IAEA and have not been actively pursuing peacetime nuclear programs must pay taxes based on:
A. Percentage of world energy consumption:
1. Nations who consume above 10% of the world’s energy will pay taxes directly proportional to their consumption as stated in clause 5,
2. Nations who consume under 10% of the world’s energy will not have to pay taxes, but will pay funds equal to 5% of their funding for the UN;
B. Maintenance of recent nuclear power plants:
1. If a country has not built a nuclear power plant for energy generation during the last 20 years or more then it must pay taxes as stated in clause 5;
C. Amount of hazardous chemical emissions:
1. Countries that emit more than 10% of the world’s carbon emissions must pay taxes directly proportional to their emissions as stated in clause 5 and must prove within 5 years that they are trying to decrease emissions as much as possible,
2. Countries that emit less than 10% of the world’s carbon emissions must prove within 7 years that they are trying to decrease emissions as much as possible;
3. Designates the profits from the above payments to enter the International Nuclear Fund (INF) which will be established under the UNPEU and used to fund nuclear energy research for peaceful purposes, with surplis funding going to the UNDP, to countries using the IAEA’s definition of peaceful nuclear energy, in countries that are: A. Actively pursuing peaceful nuclear energy programs, B. Have a per capita GDP of at most $8,000, C. Approved at an UNPEU session for requesting a reasonable amount of funds based on their needs,
4. Confirms that the United Nations will fervently support nations who display the following:
A. Show an avid interest in pursuing nuclear programs for peaceful purposes and show their potential in that area due to:
1. Benefits reaped for the country economically and environmentally,
2. Technological advancement that would benefit the world;
b. Having no history of threatening international security so as to quell hypes of possible nuclear weapons build-up,
c. Have a per capita GDP of under $8,000, because countries with a higher standard of living do not need such technology and are capable of developing it without outside help;
5. Affirms that the countries signatory to the (UNPEU) will meet every 6 months in a meeting place to be voted upon at each session separately, with the first meeting being in Geneva, Switzerland to: A. Vote on the exact amount of the taxation, B. Discuss developments of nuclear programs worldwide and come up with ideas on how to solve arising problems concerning nuclear energy and technology, and refer the discussion to the IAEA, C. Hold emergency sessions, if there are any crucial issues that must be resolved and cannot wait until the next regular session;
IRAN GA opening speech
Imagine yourself in a 2X 4 cubic room with one fading light bulb. You have not seen your family for 5 consecutive years. Imagine You are being jailed for serious crimes you did not even commit beyond all of that the jailers have the gaul to abuse the Holy Quraan.!!!!
Ladies and Gentle men the Islamic republic of Iran is constantly trying to settle all major disputes of the worls , in a peaceful manner, unlike the jailers and owners of the guantanmo bay torture center who arwe constanly te\rying settle manners in violence. Beyond all of that they have the termidity to interfere with the Isalmic reoublic of Iran's effort to develop a peaceful alternative energy source, What's more is that they have the nerve to support the Zionist project, who's agenda is ANAYLETE the middle East , AND Destroy the religion Of ISLAM.
This is why Iran advocates the eradication of the Zionist project that claims to be a nation.
Apology for Tie: Iran would like apologize to almost all respectable delegations regarding the concept of not wearing a symbol of the west Which represents the imperalisim of the nation that once overthrew our democratic government ( throw the tie on the floor).
ECOSOC MUN Opening Speech
Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatu allahi wa barakatuhu,
Greetings fellow delegates from the Islamic Republic of Iran, the land of a majestic history and a proud people. Iran is disgusted with the USA and its explicit Hollywood industry that spreads filthy ethics into the innocent minds of our youth and drives them away from the great Islamic faith.
Over 2 million people in the USA are jailed, with half the prisons exceeding 100 percent capacity. Guantanamo Bay prisoners now cannot even challenge the legality of their detention in court. Israeli prisons are vicious torture camps for innocent Palestinians. The Zionist states continue to violate human rights behind false appearances, and Iran wishes to expose them as FAKES. Hopefully, certain "superpowers" can be role models for the rest of us in their actions, and not just their titles.
Iran continues to assert that the filthy disease that is the state of Israel should be wiped off the face of the earth because this germ in spreading its disease in the Islamic world.
Iran deeply thanks the assembly and we are proud to welcome ALMOST all nations here today, Khudafis
Reem, Human Rights
While preparing for LEMUN, I expected the conference to be of high standards and high delegate standards. However, the majority of the delegates didn’t know what is going on and what to do! I was presented with more than 6 resolutions which were an obvious copy and paste from the UN resolutions library! Since the exact same format and font was on the paper! And while debating… a resolution passed the approval’s panel which stated a change of the SC while we were in the GA!!! And it was irrelevant to the topic!!!! The delegates were speaking for a resolution where clearly their country’s policy was against! Also as a delegate of Iran I got the delegate of Israel to sign my resolution when we are worst ENIMIES and in real life Iran threatening Israel to WIPE THEM OFF THE MAP! The fun part was me getting dismissed from the commission because of accusing the USA of being a threat to all nations, since it spends 49% of the world’s military budget. I was simply expressing my government’s point of view and every delegate should be in character while representing a country! Finally the last day was the day when all the Kuwaitis stud up! A large majority of the resolutions debated was from Bayan and a large group of the speakers was from Bayan! One of the German group seated behind me said to her group members: "Guess what… another Kuwaiti!" To summarize, I believe that we really did a good job in the event! And by the way… Holland is amazing!
Abdulaziz AL Mutawa, Social
The Islamic republic of Iran was the strongest, most offensive and most feared deleation , at the the LEMUN 2005 conference. ( At least what the majority of the delegations at the event said plus directors) To begin by giving the audience a taste of Iran at the opening ceremonies I gave the "Speech of the Whole event" it was the most enjoyable , truthful and memorable opeing speech. I was angry about abusing the quran and screaming about wishing to anaylate Islam .I emmbarresed The USA and Israel so bad by throwing my tie on the floor infront of the whole assebmbly (possibly 500+ people). Sadly neither the USA or Israel Showed any type of reply. In my commission I passed my reolution with minor changes done by the mergeing delegations. I was the main submitter and another BBS student as my main CO submitter. I was also a main co submmiter for another reolution. The most important point about my reolution was that the USA and the UK signed on to it , but when informed by the deputy secretary general that they may not just before debating my resolution in 5 minutes the USA and the UK decided to pull their names of. Luckily due to fast thinking and negotiations , I managed to convince China and Russia to replace them. Although it is correct that the USA and the UK should not have signed on to My resolution since I am IRAN , but that was a point in my speech that I wanted to announce and emmbarres both of these two counties. Unfortunately there was no Israel in my commmsion, but on the last day I had a talk with the other deputy SEcretrary general and convinced to come and join us as Israel for an hour or so ( what added more fun to it was that he was half isreale in real life , and I am a muslim!!). IN the General assembly I was the main submitter on the passing resolution from my commission and my reolution passed with an overwhelming majority. Through out the course of the assembly everytime Iran goy up ( only 2 students at the time) All the people would be quiet and listen carefully what we had to say. We also heard al lot of comments about us Kuwaitis and everytime a resolution failed the people would say " the Kuwaitis" , or everytime another speaker was emnbaresed by us and telling him/her that they were out of charecte na d correcting them , that hurt their countries a lot . ALL in all it was a good event the preparation was excellent but the other schools had many beginners. We enjoyed the conference an I think that BBS was the dominant School.
Abdulaziz Al-Bahar, ECOSOC
The delegation of Iran at the ECOSOC accomplished much at this year's LEMUN. I, as Vice-Ambassador of the Iranian delegation, was voted the best debater at the conference. At lobbying and merging, I convinced the delegate of the UK to use my resolution without changing anything in it, except merely adding a few relevant clauses at the end. I single handedly failed the first resolution that was proposed, because I stayed on the podium for about 10 minutes answering questions and such. My resolution passed with a vote of 23 to 5, and 3 abstentions. I requested the delegate of the USA to be present even though they were absent, because I wanted the debate to me more fervent. The debate progressed and after every speech Iran made I kept receiving thank you notes encouraging me to keep speaking. By the end of the conference, I had spoken the most and my opinions were respected by the assembly. The delegation of Iran came to be a respected delegation with much power, embarassing the USA and allying with countries that were once its enemies only due to the fact that its speeches always stuck to the country's policy. The religious ideology of Iran dominated the council and the event itself, showing just how extreme radical shiism can be. The delegation of Iran was presented with success at the ECOSOC, and I personally left with many friends and contact information for each. This year's LEMUN was in fact a success.
Ahmed Al-Mughni, Human Rights
Personally, the LEMUN event was the best international event I had ever attended. Academically, arguably had the very best delagations. Iran was a big thorn in the USA's plans since the lobbeing and merging on the first day. After a really busy day there wasn't enough time to approve my resolution and we had to stay late and send the file by email. The USA continued to ignore religous harrasment accustions, that was when Iran embaressed them by yeilding the floor to the US for elaboration on the topic. It was one of the most positive forums in LEMUN; 9 out of 10 resolutions passed (including 3 from BBS; Iran, Philipines and Italy). The students there had a wierd sense of humour, they continued to laugh at every possible moment (they were almost on the floor when a plackard was dropped). To pay back the hosting school, BBS must think of a possibility to invite the hosting school to PEARLMUN. Lets keep that thought in mind....