Country: The United Arab Emirates

Event: LEMUN 2005


Students:
Fatema Abdul-Kareem, Ambassador and Social
Abdulaziz Al-Mutawa, Vice-Ambassador and Human Rights
Yvette Ohanion, Vice-Ambassador and ECOSOC
Reem Al-Thekair, Disarmament




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The Emirati National Anthem

Arabic Version:

cishi biladi, casha ttihadu maratina,
cishti li-shcabin dinuhu l-'islamu hadyuhu l-qur'anu.
hassantuki bi-smi l-lahi ya watanu
biladi, biladi, biladi, biladi
hamaki l-'ilahu shurura z-zamani
aqsamna an nabni nacmalu
nacmalu nakhlusu nacmalu nakhlusu
mahma cishna nakhlusu nakhlusu
dama l-aman wa- casha l- calamu ya imarati,
ramzu l- curubati:
kulluna nafdiki bi-d-dima nurwiki
nafdiki bi-l-'arwahi ya-watanu


English translated words.

Live my country, the unity of our Emirates lives
You have lived for a nation
Whose religion is Islam and guide is the Quran
I made you stronger in God's name oh homeland

My country, My country, My country, My country
God has protected you from the evils of the time
We have sworn to build and work
Work sincerely, work sincerely

As long as we live, we'll be sincere sincere
The safety has lasted and the flag has lived
Oh our Emirates The symbol of Arabism
We all sacrifice for you, we supply you with our blood
We sacrifice for you with our souls oh homeland




The United Arab Emirates

Country Profile


Political (Abdulaziz Mutawa)

The United Arab Emirates is peaceful country with a very strong economy. Although most of the world recognizes the country as a strong financial center there is also the politics to be accounted for. The political system in the UAE (short Form) is similar to its neighbors in the Gulf region. The unique aspect of the emirates political system is that there is no people assembly or large assembly, the ruling family takes most of the decisions, however the rulers of the 7 emirates (States) do meet every month or so to discuss any other impending issues. The elections for the president and the Prime Minister and the deputy Prime Minister are done every five years, the voters are only the 7 rulers of the emirates. There is a president to be voted to attend to foreign affairs and other issues, however the chief of the state is always a member of the ruling family .The public does not vote on the government.

The Al Nuhayyans are the ruling family currently in the UAE and they have been in that position for about 30 years, since the founder father of the UAE the late Sheikh Zaiyed (2004) has taken over. There is also a Federal Supreme Council (FSC) composed of the seven emirate rulers. The FSC is the highest constitutional authority in the UAE. The FSC establishes general policies and sanctions federal legislation. The FSC meets four times a year; Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) and Dubai rulers have effective veto power being the "money makers." No political power can over rule the veto of the FNC however an influence may be made by the chief of the state. There is a unicameral Federal National Council (FNC) or (40 seats members appointed by the rulers of the constituent states to serve two-year terms).

There are several issues that the UAE is much concerned about which is the boundary problem with the Saudi Arabia, which is still not made public yet, and the other issue is the problem with Iran, where Iran is occupying three islands of the coast the UAE. These islands contain vast amounts of minerals and oil. The relationship between these two countries is not that friendly at the moment. The biggest internal problem in the UAE is the large Pakistani immigration to the UAE these Pakistani people most of them illegal enter there UAE through illegal ports and are poor and are in search of jobs and eventually work in a illegal field and get caught and departed to their homeland.

The UAE has no direct enemy's just conflicts with countries that put the UAE in a "bad" situation. Such as the KSA, Iran, Pakistan.

 

Geography (Reem)

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is located in the Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between two countries Oman and Saudi Arabia. UAE’s climate is mainly hot and dry in desert regions; frequent high humidity along Persian Gulf coast. It has a total land area of 82,880 sq. km and land boarders of 867 km, Oman 410 km and Saudi Arabia 457km. Also has a coastline of 1,318 km. UAE’s landscape is largely desert, although mountains in north. Land use in the UAE is 0.6% arable land, permanent crops 2.25% and other 97.15%. UAE has many natural resources such as petroleum and natural gas. The UAE has a strategic location along southern approaches to Strait of Hermes, a vital transit point for world crude oil.

 

Environmental (Reem)

UAE has frequent sand and dust storms and many current environmental issues such as lack of natural fresh water resources compensated by desalination plants; desertification; beach pollution from oil spills and much more. The UAE has signed many international agreements party to Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Waste, Marine Dumping, and Ozone Layer Protection. Also the UAE has signed an agreement but not ratified it, Law of the Sea. The decrease in arable land available is low due to desertification.

 

Cultural (Fatema)

People that are found in the United Arab Emirates mostly are non-native citizens. There are about 2,563,212 people currently living in the UAE. Most of the people came from nearby countries, or westerners. Only about 19% of the UAE population are in fact Emirates. This makes mostly three-quarters of the population non-nationals. 23% of the people living in the United Arab Emirates are Arabs from nearby gulf countries such as Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Oman, Yemen, and Kuwait, also Iranians. The other 50% of the population are south Asians, which are considered the basic manpower in the Emirates. Lastly the other 8% left are westerners of East Asians like Indians, Pakistanis and other nationals. Most of the Emirates are Bedouins, which are people that are nomadic herders in the deserts of the Arabian Peninsula.

The Bedouins developed their culture through out the time. In the meantime we would find the Bedouins in cities and towns, but in the same time they hold great respect and pride to their culture. Ever since the United Arab Emirates have united together after being Trucial states, the people whom are found there developed a modern Bedouin tradition and life. As like mostly all other Arabs Bedouins, which make up about 1 million, speak the Arabic language but with a slight change in accent. Taking in mind that the Arabic language is the official language in the United Arab Emirates. We also may find languages such as Persian, Urdu, Hindi, and English. These languages have traveled to the UAE through the tongues of its speakers found there.

 

Religious (Fatma)

Religion is the belief, value, and practice based on what a person believes in a supernatural power or about who is the real ruler or creator of the universe. So there must be many religions because each person's thoughts are different from another. That is the most basic reason why in the UAE we may find several religions, but the most important religion is Islam. Muslims in the UAE make up around 96% of the country's religion. But since in every religion we find branches based on a belief or concept, we have a 16% from the Muslims Shi'a, and the other 84% are Sunna.

The basic difference between both Sunni and CIA is that both groups have a different belief or thought on who might be the next leader after the death of Prophet Mohammed, Sunnis believe that it should have been Abu Bakr, the close friend of Prophet Mohammed and the first successor. While Shia think it should've been Ali, the cousin and son-in-law of Prophet Mohammed. This was the basic distribution in Muslim sects. But through time some reconciliation has been achieved between the two groups. Lastly, the minority of religions found in the United Arab Emirates is making up only 4% of the population’s beliefs. Christians and Hindus compose to this minority.


 

Economy (Reem)

Before the discovery of oil in the 1950’s, UAE’s main income was extracted from farming, fishing and pearl harvesting. Later on after the discovery, of oil and gas, UAE has progressed greatly and has developed into a high standard of living. The heart of the country’s oil is found in Abu Dhabi, making it the wealthiest and most powerful of the seven emirates. At a present production of oil and natural gas reserves may last up to 100 years. A unique feature of the UAE’s economy is its dependence on foreign labor. More than 90 percent of UAE’s workforce is made up of people from other countries.

UAE’s wealth is based on oil and gas out put (about 30% of GDP). UAE’s GDP comes from agriculture 4%, industry 58.5% and services 37.5%, which totals up to $63.67 billion (2004 est.). The estimate growth rate is 5.7%. UAE’s labor force concentrates in agriculture 7%, industry 15% and services 78%, which totals up with a labor force of 2.36 million.

UAE maintains a low unemployed rate, 2.4%, which leads to the country’s development. This country contains several agriculture products as well as industries. A few examples of UAE’s agricultural products are dates, vegetables, watermelons, poultry, eggs, dairy products, and fish. While its industries are petroleum, fishing, aluminum, cement, fertilizers, commercial ship repair, petrochemicals, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts and textiles. The industrial growth rate is currently 4%. Other than agriculture products and industries, UAE also produces electricity, oil and natural gas. It produces over 45.12 billion kWh of electricity, while consumes 36.51 billion kWh of electricity. When it comes to oil production, the UAE produces 2.335 bbl/day, consumes 310,000 bbl/day, and exports 2.5 million bbl/day, imports 0 bbl/day, reserved 97.8 billion bbl. Finally natural gas, UAE produces 44.4 billion cu m, consumes 33.7 billion cu m, exports 7.19 billion cu m, and exports 7.19 cu m, imports 0 cu m and reserved 6.06 trillion cu m.

The UAE maintains several exporting partners such as Japan 28.5%, South Korea 9.5% and Thailand 5.9%. Exporting crude oil 45%, natural gas, re exports dried fish, dates. Exports reach up to $69.48 billion f.o.b. when it comes to importing UAE imports machinery and transport equipment, chemicals and food. It maintains several importing partners such as China 10.4%, India 8.3%, Japan 7.2%, Germany 6.6%, France 6.4%, UK 6.2%, US 6% and Italy 4.1%. Imports reach up to $45.66 billion f.o.b. UAE has an economic aid donor, since it’s founding in 1971; the Abu Dhabi fund for Development has given about $5.2 billion in aid to 56 countries in 2004. The current currency of UAE is Emirate Durham (AED).

 

Defense (Reem)

The United Arab Emirates’ military force is branched out into several divisions: Army, Navy (including Marines and Coast Guard), Air and Air Defense Force, paramilitary forces (includes Federal Police Force). The estimate age to enter the army is at the age of 18. The available manpower is 653,181, between the ages of 18-49. The military manpower fit for military service is 526,671, between the ages of 18-49. The annual manpower reaching military is 30,706. The military spends over $1.6 billion. Military spends 3.1% of the GDP.

 

View on world problems (A.Aziz Mutawa)

The UAE is a very peaceful that does not engage with any other country that has not harmed it in any way. The issues that the UAE is most concerned about are the issues that violate the UAE's national sovereignty such as taking land that belongs to them, like in the Saudi's case and the Iran case. In problems other that these UAE only has ideas on them and suggestions but no direct means of involvement. Such as the Israel and Palestine case and the Iraq case. As mentioned before the UAE has no enemies.

 

UAE History (Yvette)

United Arab Emirates (UAE), federation of seven independent states located in the southeastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula became an independent country in 1971. Before the discovery of petroleum in the 1950s, the UAE was a group of largely undeveloped states under the protection of the British government. The oil industry brought rapid growth and modernization to the area, which helped the emirates break away from the control of the United Kingdom in the early 1970s. A bulk of the country's oil was first discovered in Abu Dhabi in 1958, followed by further discoveries in Dubai. Offshore oil exports began in 1962 and onshore exports a year later.

 

Recent History (Yvette)

The crown prince of Dubai married the daughter of Abu Dhabi's sovereign (and president of the UAE) in 1999, bringing the two emirates together publicly and privately. The federation has resolved to shape its future using unquestionably modern methods, however: a stock market and other economic reforms are in the works, and 2000 marked the fifth anniversary of the Dubai Shopping Festival, where shoppers from all over the world can peruse souks and squares of stuff on sale. The government pulled off a tricky double-act in 2003 by opposing the US-led invasion of Iraq, including refusing to give any assistance to the operations, while maintaining good relations with the US and UK. The death in November 2004 of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan al-Nahyan, Abu Dhabi's long-time ruler and President of the UAE, was widely seen as the end of a glorious chapter in the history of the country and the region. Sheikh Zayed is credited with the success of the federation. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed al-Nahyan, who was also elected President of the UAE on his father's death.

 

 

 

Policy Statements


Disarmament

(1) Question of Review of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons’ (NPT) main goal is to "prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and complete disarmament". To insure that the goal is being reached, the treaty has established a safeguard system under the responsibility of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Safeguards are used to verify accomplishments with the treaty through inspections conducted by the IAEA. This treaty promotes cooperation in the field of peaceful nuclear technology and equal access to this technology for all state parties, each country that signs this treaty is known as "state party". This treaty is being strength to assure that the purposes of the Preamble and the requirements of the treaty are being realized.

It has been recorded that The United Arab Emirates has become a state party, when it has signed this treaty on September 26, 1995. This issue has no harms the only goal is to further insure that weapons of mass destruction is not a threat to the nations and their people. Also it insures peaceful cooperation between nations. To insure that the goal was reached they increased the security or "safe guards" which not only helps eliminate WMD, but also increases the safety within the nation.

 

(2) Question of the situation in regions of South America, including the Role of Drugs, Paramilitaries and Organized Crime.

To begin with the most common drug in South America, the coca bush; which is a drug that increases the nervous system which leads to awakening. This drug is increasing in high levels especially in the transit countries, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador and Venezuela. Bolivia and Peru are the only countries, which the level of cocaine has appeared to be decreasing. Several plans have been made to reduce the amount of drugs used in South America, such as the Plan for Peace and strengthening of the State (plan Colombia). A regional counter drug plan aimed to expanding of the possibility of Plan Colombia with related actions in other countries. The plan will cover interdiction, illicit crop eradication, and alternative development, enhancing security and strengthening institutions in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru and Venezuela and will have the financial and technical support of the United States. One method developed by Plan Colombia is to spray the land, in which cocaine and other drugs are being grown, using helicopters or planes with fumigation, a type of smoke or gas which is used to kill pests. In 2001 the amount of land sprayed totaled up to more than 50,000 hectares. However, the fumigation didn’t only kill the drugs plants but also crops in near by farms, other than that it has become a threat to human and environmental health! An adequate and balanced assessment will be conducted concerning the health of the environment and humans will be made. Next concerning the role of paramilitaries in South America. A paramilitary organization is a group of civilians trained and organized in a military fashion. Paramilitary groups may serve in many dfferent functions such as some are created by governments as paramilitary police or other internal security forces, some are comando units creeated by state and are intended for non traditional combat missions, operating outside of the official military and finally other paramilitary groups adopt military organization and aspects of military culture and discipline, but are not intended to fight at all. The paramilitary groups in Colombia control drug trafficking and laboratories and are exchanging illicit drugs for weapons. Finally there's the issue of organized crime. The United Nation office on drugs and crime has defined organized crime as " a structured group, committing serious crimes for a profit". There are several types of organized crime such as, trafficking drugs, arms, persons, stolen cars or protected species and terrorism.

The United Arab Emirates has signed all resolutions adopted by UNODC (United Nations Office for Drugs and Crime). This clearly shows the UAE's position of drugs and crimes. The UAE is hoping to help all nations in need, also all countries where drugs, terrorism, weapons of mass destruction are ruling the nation. Whenever a country's nation is filled with drugs, weapons, threats, etc.… it is a major sign of need of help. That is where all the allies come in, either by sending military forces, investigators, or any thing else that might help. UAE believes in cooperation between all nations and its allies. The UAE is loyal to its allies especially countries of the GCC.

 

(3) Question of Stability in and Sovereignty of Lebanon.

On September 2ND, 2004 the Security Council has declared its support for a free and fair presidential election in Lebanon; the election will be carried out according to the Lebanese constitutional rules without any foreign interference or influence. Also the Security Council has called upon all remaining foreign forces to withdraw from Lebanon. By a vote of nine in favor to none against, with six abstentions the Council is reaffirming its call for " strict respect of Lebanon’s sovereignty, territorial integrity, unity, and political independence under the sole and exclusive authority of the Government of Lebanon throughout the country". Noting that the Syrian actions in the past week had made a "crude mockery" of the principle of a free and fair presidential electoral process.

The United States’ representative said "the Syrian Government had imposed its political will on Lebanon and had compelled the Cabinet and Lebanese National Assembly to amend its constitution and abort the electoral process by extending the term of the current President by three years.  Clearly, the Lebanese Parliament had been pressured, and even threatened, by Syria and its agents to make them comply." It was wrong for Syria to maintain military forces in Lebanon, also to have interfered with Lebanon's election process. Although Syria's troops does protect the boarders of Lebanon which helps in the stability of Lebanon. Also has protected its boarders from Israeli actions. The representative of The United States of America and the representative of France have both conducted a resolution in favor of the Lebanese people; which main issue stated: "Lebanon should be allowed to determine its own future and assume control of its own territory, yet the Lebanese people were still unable to exercise their rights as a free people".

It has been recorded that the UAE's support has played an important role in strengthening Lebanese solidarity and sovereignty. The UAE and Lebanon have a common vision on different Arab and regional issues. Both countries are allies and friends, so with that said the UAE is willing to help Lebanon at all costs to maintain peace and equality within Lebanon. The UAE's main goal for its country and the countries of its allies is to help create peace and equality.

 

 

ECOSOC

1. The Improvement of Labor Conditions Worldwide

The massive influx of foreign workers and professionals in the 1970s and 1980s, mainly from other Arab countries and from India, Pakistan, and Iran, fundamentally changed the face of UAE society. Working conditions of foreign workers in the UAE vary. Professionals, managers, and clerical workers are attracted by contracts offering good salaries, comprehensive benefits, and high living standards. Unskilled and semiskilled workers are in a more precarious situation. The United Arab Emirates believes that it is an absurdity that the farm workers whose labor helps feed others are themselves one of the most socioeconomically deprived groups worldwide. The disadvantaged living and working conditions of farm workers have been well-documented for over a century. These conditions include physical labor that is often strenuous and deforming, with earnings that average far below official poverty levels. Child labor is common and begins a life-long pattern of deprivation. The United Arab Emirates has passed resolutions in the past with the United Nations concerning this matter; however, this issue is being faced with new challenges and needs a more demanding and effective resolution. The UAE hopes that all countries in the UN unite to solve this tackling problem.

 

Issue # 2. Agricultural Subsidies and their Implications

Agricultural subsidies are a financial assistance to farmers through government-sponsored price-support programs. Beginning in the 1930s most industrialized countries developed agricultural price-support policies to reduce the volatility of prices for farm products and to increase, or at least stabilize, farm income. In food-exporting countries, such as the United States and France, agricultural subsidies have been designed primarily to increase farm income, either by raising the long-term level of prices above free-market levels or by providing direct payments to farmers. In recent years, UAE has expanded its agricultural production through subsidies. The government is encouraging livestock and poultry production and commercial fishing.

 

Commission 4: Political

Issue # 1: The Implementation and Effectiveness of UN Resolutions

I is true that the UN passes resolution on a regular basis however the big question is do these resolution really are put to action. The main point of this issue is to be sure of that all resolutions passed in the United Nations do get put into immediate and effective action as soon as possible. It is our duty as global citizens of the world to make sure of the resolutions being done to the world.

The UAE does not get involved in many political issues but when there is a mistake or anything that we think is not correct we must act therefore if we spot any unprofessional error in any of the UN's resolution we act as soon as possible. We urge all UN members to keep their eyes open for any misunderstanding in the UN.

 

Issue # 3: Effective Prevention and Investigation of Widespread Religious Humiliation of Muslim Detainees

"Terrorists" are being captured every day all around the world. We hear the apprehension reports everyday but do we know where do they go after they are captured. The majority of the terror5ist being captured today are "Muslims" and are usually sent to Guantanmo base where they are humiliated and emotionally distraught. Just to think of the pain that would cause to the innocent people there just gives us all a taste of what they are going throughout.

This is a direct violation to human rights no matter what religion they are they are still human. The UAE must act to that issue quickly seeing that many of the prisoners are Pakistani and the UAE has a fairly large Pakistani population, therefore, to continue in the benefits of a good economy growths foreigner people must be taken care of whether it is their country issues or any other issue concerning them to keep the economy growing.

 

 

 

Resolutions

 

 

Opening Speeches

 

Reem

Honorable chair, fellow delegates and helpful admin staff

Marhaba ow al salam alaikum

Take a minute and imagine yourself having dinner by the Arabian Gulf. Then taking a stroll along the white sand shores barefoot as the cool wave brushes on your feet… From the broad plains to the deep valleys. From the range of mountains to the steamy hot deserts. Honorable delegates this might seem to you as paradise but I regret to inform you that our paradise is being corrupted. Corrupted by three major issues, drugs, organized crime and terrorism. We must all work as one to eliminate these issues from our nations, to insure safety is all around our nation.

Thank you

 

 

Yvette

Honorable Chair Fellow Delegates, The United Arab Emirates is here today to solve all issues at hand. The issues concern Labor Condition worldwide and the issue of Agricultural Subsides and their Implications. The UAE believes that if all members of United Nations unite as one, we can make a difference in our world today.