Delegation: The People's Republic of China

Event: Pearl-MUN 2006

Student: Lulu Al-Rodaini

 



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The Chinese National Anthem

Latin Transliteration

Qilai! Buyuan zuo nuli de renmen,
Ba women de xuerou zhucheng women xin de changcheng.
Zhonghua Minzu dao liao zui weixian de shihou,
Meigeren beipo zhe fachu zuihou de housheng.
Qilai! Qilai! Qilai!
Women wanzhong yixin,
Mao zhe diren de paohuo,
Qianjin!
Mao zhe diren de paohuo,
Qianjin! Qianjin! Qianjin! Jin!

English:

Arise, ye who refuse to be slaves!
With our flesh and blood,
let us build our new Great Wall!
The Chinese nation faces its greatest danger.
From each one the urgent call for action comes forth.

Arise! Arise! Arise!
Millions with but one heart,
Braving the enemy's fire.
March on!
Braving the enemy's fire.
March on! March on! March on!

China


 

Country Profile

Political Structure

The people’s Republic of China is a communist state. Communist states are states governed by a single political party. These communist states can also be referred to socialist states. China’s communist system originated and was based on the Soviet country example, which came from the guidance of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, and the Deng Xiaoping Theory. State power within the People’s Republic of China is divided among three bodies: the CPC, the State and the Army. The communist party of china (CPC) is the ruling political party of the People’s Republic of China. This party was founded in 1921. The CPC is the only party that holds effective power at the national level. The state power is divided between the National People’s Congress (NPC), the President, and the State Council. The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is controlled by the Central Military Commission, a body that consists of mostly military officers but its chair is a civilian.

The PLA includes an army, navy, air force, and strategic nuclear force and it serves as the military of the People’s Republic of China. The PLA has a 2.25-million-strong force, which makes it the strongest army in the world.

China’s GDP is constantly growing, which ensures its political stability and keeps it communist government functioning properly when many socialist regimes have failed. The fundamental law of China is based on the Constitution. China has drafted four constitutions since its founding. The current Chinese constitution specifies that China is a socialist country under the people’s democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants. The Constitution discusses every aspect of the country to ensure the prosperity of China and its people.

 

Geography:

China, 35 N-105E, is a country located in eastern Asia. It borders the East China Sea, Korean Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea. China has more neighbors than any country in the world. 14 countries wrap around China. China’s neighbor to the North is Mongolia, North Korea to the Northeast moving to the south its borders stretch to Vietnam, Laos. Burma, Nepal, and Bhutan are to the southwest of China. India, Pakistan, Tajikistan, and Afghanistan are to the west. Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan are to the north west of China.

China’s diverse physical features include several mountain ranges, rivers, valleys, plateaus and fertile plains. China’s land surface has been said to be similar to a staircase descending from west to east. At the top of this staircase are the Plateaus of Tibet and Qinghai in the southwest. Mount Qomolangma, the world’s highest peak, is the main peak of the Himalayas. The second step down this staircase is Kunlun and Qilian ranges, which are located to the north of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateaus and the Hungduan Mountains to the east. The height of the Terrain in this area drops to 1000 and 2000 meters above sea level. These Terrains include the Inner Mongolia, Loess and Yunnan-Guizhou plateaus, and the Tarim, Sichuan and Junggar basins. The third step of the staircase includes the plains of the Yangzi River valley and the northern and eastern China plains. When we reach the east, the fourth and last step forms with the land extending out into waters of the Chinese continental shelf.

 

Natural Resources:

The People’s Republic of China has many natural resources that allow in its rapid technological progress. These natural resources include coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, uranium, and its hydropower potential is the largest in the world. China’s abundant mineral resources leave it ranking third in total reserves. China’s has all the nonferrous metallic minerals that have been discovered in the world. It also has land resources such as its diverse vegetation, its different animal species and its many large rivers. China puts these diverse natural resources into good use in industrialization.

China’s basic commodities include grain and meat in the food sector, oil and coal in the energy sector and steel in the industrial sector. The People’s Republic of China does not depend on other countries for food or aid. However, it still needs to devise several plans to maintain a high level of food self-sufficiency due to the rapid growth in population. China does, however, have an assured self-sufficiency of grain supply. It has many free trade agreements such as the ASEAN (the Association of Southeast Asian Nations), WTO (World Trade Organization.), CFTA (China Free Trade Agreement.), and the SICE. Current negotiations are happening to form a free trade agreement between China and Australia.

 

Cultural Factors:

China is relatively large in size, yet ironically; it is made up of mostly one ethnic group. Han Chinese, 91.9%, is the largest of China’s ethnic groups. Other ethnic groups include: Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities make up 8.1%. China’s religions include Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Muslims 1-2%, and Christians 3-4%.

The Chinese culture has the longest continuous history of any on earth. By 5000 B.C.E, the first rice farmers farmed the land near the Chang River. One thousand years later, to the north along the Huang He, an organized society of people lived in small agricultural villages. These Mongoloid people occupied much of northern China for thousands of years. Culture traits such as the use of chopsticks and the Chinese style writing developed here. The Mongoloid people also used irrigation agriculture along the Huang He.

 

Economy:

China’s Monetary System has the main objective of maintaining the stability of the currency value to advance economic growth.

China’s economy is the world’s largest developing economy, and its continuous growth does not only affect itself but the overall growth of the world economy. Although China used to claim to have a total Command economy, research shows that China has moved towards a more market oriented economy or what is called "Socialism with Chinese characteristics," which is a type of mixed economy. The Chinese Yuan (CNY), sometimes called the Renminbi (RMB), is the name of China’s currency. It has a current GDP (PPP) of $8.158 trillion. China’s export partners include: U.S., EU, Hong Kong, ASEAN, Japan, South Korea and Germany. Its export commodities are: machinery and equipment, plastics, optical and medical equipment, iron and steel. China’s import partners include japan, Russia, EU, ASEAN, TAIWAN, South Korea, U.S. and Germany. Its import commodities are: machinery and equipment, oil and mineral fuels, plastics and optical and medical equipment, organic chemicals, iron and steel. China’s high GDP allows it to not need economic aid from any other country; therefore, China is not dependent on any other country. China has an external debt of $242 billion.

China is an active member in several economic and trade organizations such as: WTO (World Trade Organization), ESCAP (Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific), APEC (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation), ADP (Asian Development Bank) and BIS (Bank for International settlements.

 

Defense:

China’s military defense is the strongest in the world. The Central Military Commission (CMC) of the People’s Republic of China is the highest state military organ with the responsibility of commanding the entire armed forces in the country. This commission controls the PLA, People’s Liberation Army. The PLA includes: the Ground Forces, Navy (marines and naval aviation), Air Force (Airborne Forces), and the Artillery Corps who are responsible for the strategic missile force. Working alongside the PLA is the People’s Armed Police Force, which has internal security troops that help the PLA. The Militia was also added to the military structure of China in 2003. China is a country, which is independent of other countries. China does not need the military support of any country, since it has one of the leading military systems. On the contrary, China offers its military support to several countries such as Myanmar. China’s allies include North Korea, Russia, Iran, India, Brazil, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kyrgyzstan, Cuba, Canada, Tajikistan, Cambodia and Pakistan.

 

Views on World Problems:

China is a great supporter of sovereignty and non-intervention. It does not interfere in issues concerning other nations for the basic reason of not wanting other nations to interfere in its issues. Even though China respects the sovereignty of nations it gave a halfhearted response to the "war on terrorism" fearing the intervention of other states in its internal affairs. China’s veto power is seldom used, due to these reasons, unless the issue has to do with Taiwan. During the Iraqi crisis the Chinese government urged the international community to respect Iraq’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. It even asked the relevant countries to stop military actions and return to the right path of seeking a political solution to the Iraqi issue. China is also against countries possessing nuclear weapons except for the five countries of the Security Council: U.S., Russia, UK, France and itself.

Although China does not like interfering in other countries businesses, it is part of many world organizations that seek the betterment of nations. Some of these organizations are: IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency), IMF (International Monetary Fund), Interpol (International Criminal Police Organization), UN (United Nations), UNSC (UN Security Council), WHO (World Health Organization), OPCW (Organization for Prevention of Chemical Weapons), UNHCR (UN High Commissioner Refugees), UNIKOM (UN Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission), UNITAR (UN Institute for Training and Research), UNMOVIC (UN Monitoring Verification and Inspection Commission), WTO (World Trade Organization), APEC (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation), ADB (Asian Development Bank), BIS (Bank for International Settlements), ESCAP (Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific), FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), G-77 (Group of 77), IBRD (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development), ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization), ICRM (International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement).

 

History:

In 1925 Chiang Kai-shek, a member of the Nationalist Party, became the leader of China. To establish a strong central government, he set out to defeat the warlords who then controlled parts of China. Chiang Kai-shek faced opposition from the Communist Party of China. Formed in 1921, the party wanted to put more power into the hands of the working peasants. Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalist forces attempted to destroy the Communist opposition. Sensing weak and divided China, Japan took control of China’s resource-rich northern region of Manchuria in the early 1930s. Here, Japan established itself a puppet government. Then in 1937, Japan invaded China’s east coast and controlled much of eastern China until the end of World War II. After Japan’s defeat in 1945, a civil war started between the Chinese Nationalists and the Communists. In 1949, the Communists won control of Mainland China and established the People’s Republic of China under Mao Zedong’s rule.

The Communists organized farmers into collectives and seized all private land. The government also tried to slow population growth by making a rule that families could have only one child. Mao launched the Great Leap Forward in 1958, to improve the economy and develop small-scale industries nearer to natural resources in the country's interior. However, the Great Leap Forward was a huge failure. It forced people to work much harder without increasing the rewards on their labor. It also delayed the economic development of China and resulted in starvation among much of the Chinese people.

Following the Great Leap Forward was the Cultural Revolution, which lasted from 1966 to 1976. Its goal was for everyone to follow the peasant way of life. After Mao’s death in 1976, a new government under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping came to power. Deng proposed new policies to modernize the country’s agriculture, industry and technology. Today, the government owns the land but farmers grow and market their own crops and build their own private homes. Overall, the quality of life in China is increasing in all aspects.

 

 

 

Policy statements



1. Detention Without Trial in The War on Terror

The Question of detention in the war on terrorism states that detainees, prisoners or captives, are being held for an indefinite period without bringing criminal charges against them. There are many countries that take part in this issue, but the United States is the main country concerned in this issue in which it holds captive any person whom is not a US citizen that is not a US citizen and is thought to once have been a member of the Organization known as al-Qaida or helped them in any way or even harbored any of its members will be held captive, under the pretext of "war on terrorism," in an appropriate location set by the US Secretary of Defense. These detainees are, assuming the policy of the US is followed accordingly, treated humanely, offered edible food, drinking water and other basic privileges of any common captive.

However, the research done on the prisoners of Guantanamo Bay contradicts this policy. These prisoners held in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, have gone through severe acts of torture and lived through painful conditions of verbal and physical abuse. They have suffered and still are suffering from detention without trial, denial of access to lawyers and years of interrogation in isolation. An example of this would be the 1000 Muslims randomly captured in the weeks following Sept, 11.These captives were said to be suspected of having something to do with terrorism; however, after they were proven innocent they were still held in prison saying that they have overstayed their visas or violated immigration rules and were forced to leave the US. Also, captives from Afghanistan were held for over three years and none were charged with any offense. Since this issue directly affects human rights, the UN should directly act in response to it. The Guantanamo issue; however, took two years to reach the UN Human Rights Commission. In a resolution that barely passed, Cuba urges the UN commission to demand that the US provide certain information that clarifies the condition and legal status of the captives and to put an end to the violations being committed. The US, however, has not gone through with the clauses of this resolution.

Although China is most frequently an anti-US country, it goes with it on this issue. China is also facing the so-called conflict of terrorism on its own land. China's terrorists are those fighting for an independent state in the northwestern province of Xinjiang. In China's point of view these terrorists, also called separatist, are considered part of a network of international Islamic terror and should be fought to restore peace in China. China has been found to practice actions of arbitrary arrest, torture, and detention without trial and summary execution on these terrorists. These actions are similar to those taken by the US against so-called Islamic terrorist groups. Therefore, it would not be for the benefit of China if it were to go against the US's current actions under the pretext of "war on terrorism," or any country that commits these actions. Therefore, China chooses not to oppose the US on this matter and plays a silent role in order not to disturb its current program for "war on terror." China's silent role also implies that it should not ask the UN to take any actions against the US or any country practicing these actions, or even agree to any resolutions that go against these countries as to not defect its own program. However, if China was to talk of this issue it would only ask the UN to help the US, UK and itself as well as many other countries fight the "war on terror."

 

2. Improving the Living Conditions in Africa

Improving the living conditions in Africa is an issue that is being looked at closely by many countries. Africa has suffered through years of problems with war, famine and poverty. Thousands of Africans from all over the continent are working together in order to improve their living conditions. A series of positive political, economic and social changes are taking place throughout the continent. The D&P (Development and Peace) and DEP (Development Education Program) are two of the many organizations seeking enhancement in Africa. The DEP, a training program that helps communities identify their problems, sort out their priorities and implement the required solutions, is supported by the D&P in several African countries. Working together these organizations have succeeded in helping people work together to rebuild their economic activities. The countries of Africa are also facing the problems of the lack of resources, lack of job creation and structural unemployment. These problems have caused poverty and poverty has led to crime. With one problem opening the doors on the other the UN has decided to take action and try to improve the quality of life in Africa. The UN has established the Office of the Special Advisor on Africa, which takes upon itself the mission of enhancing international support for Africa's development and security, assists the Secretary General in improving coherence and coordination of the UN system support to Africa, and facilitates inter-governmental deliberations on Africa at the global level. Africa has also had some discrimination issues against females; therefore, a UN fund has bee organized to secure women and children's rights. The United Nations Development Fund for Women (unifem) provides financial and technical assistance to innovative programs and strategies that promote women's human rights, political participation and economic security. Also over 16 peacekeeping missions were sent to Africa, in order to try and change the quality of Africans life for the better.

China has taken action in helping African countries develop in social and economic fields. A partnership program for China-African Cooperation in economic and social development was established between China and 44 African countries. These partnerships will comeback with mutual benefits on both countries. Yet, Africa in reality is the one gaining more because it is the one getting aid and support from China. The Chinese government will take it upon itself to co-operate with and provide development assistance to African countries, focusing on the promotion of local industries, sourcing of local materials and the creation of employment. China; therefore, is playing a huge role in improving the living conditions in Africa by investing in it and choosing to import more products from Africa even though it goes against its market demands. China will also support African countries by giving them aid grants, concessional loans and interest-free loans to be mainly used in areas determined by both sides. China hopes that the UN would try to continue with its commission's goals and take them to higher extremes until they are reached. China hopes that the UN's support for Africa and its people would continue because it would aid its own program. Since china is a great supporter of human rights and fundamental freedom, it hopes that the UN would help distribute these rights equally among the people of the African continent.

 

3. Censorship of the Media

The Media refers to television, radio, Internet, cinema, books, magazines or anything that shows people an image of something whether literally or metaphorically. The media is thought to be corruptive by some countries; therefore, these governments take control and guidance over the media. The government might not want a specific fact or statement to reach the public; this government would then have to censor the source. Censorship is the control of different forms of human expression. It can range from taking out a word from a book to canceling an entire article. A more open-minded country that supports the freedom of speech such as the US would most probably have extremely low levels of censorship and control over all forms of the media. In contrast the more conservative country of Saudi Arabia bans movies and makes sure all DVDs, videos, books and magazines that are imported into the country are free of any unethical scenes that don’t go to accordance with the Islamic religion.

Censorship on the media is not a recent issue. The USSR, under Stalin's rule is one of the examples of control over the media. Books and photographs were altered to disguise the facts of Stalin's murderous regime. Regional newspapers showed the public Stalin as a glorious leader, since the people were isolated from the outer world, and hid from them his demeaning actions. This form of censorship evolved to a form of negative propaganda. Propaganda is the manipulation of information to influence a certain opinion. The International Telecommunications Union controls the global phone system, one form of the media, which is today part of the UN. The Internet; however, has become the major source of discontent today. Some nations are asking the UN to take control over it and some refuse the very idea. This issue has been brought up at the UN's World Summit on the Information Society. Nothing has been decided still; and the summit will have a second phase in Tunis, in which it will broaden its discussion.

China's National People's Congress has passed an Internet censorship law. According to this law, a censorship system was implemented by different branches of state owned ISPs, business companies, and organizations. This project is known as the Golden Shield. However, the regions of Hong Kong and Macau have their own legal system so this law does not apply to them. This censorship in China was due to many reasons; one of, which was the article published in Google to overthrow China's Communist Party and form a more Westernized party. The Chinese government has blocked access to Google and Alta Visa due to the recent widespread crackdown on the free flow of information over the Internet. With these blockages China is trying to force foreign companies into complying with state censorship. China has even called on the UN in its World Summit on the Information Society for the creation of a new treaty organization, to give the UN control over the Internet.

 

4. Arms Proliferation

Arms proliferation is the expansion and increase of nuclear weapons. More than 500 million military style hand held weapons exist today, and millions more are produced every year. The uncontrolled spreading weapons are causing more violence as a result of the destabilization of societies. The proliferation of arms is due to two major reasons: new arms production and the trade of second-hand arms from excess equipment of certain countries. Excess equipment from the US, Russia, and European armies is routinely given away or sold to other countries and in this way many of the common people in countries have arms. The proliferation of arms has caused an increase in crimes and murders and has caused the failure of several societies. This is with reference to small arms such as guns, pistols, grenades and rifles. There are other types of arms that are heavier and considered more lethal weaponry. Also, there are the Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs), which include nuclear, biological, chemical and radiological weapons. These weapons are also increasing and are being developed in labs. WMDs are being use by certain terrorist groups and even countries as a source of threat for others.

However, small arms are often more baneful because they are cheap, easy to transport, and can be handled by ill trained rebel soldiers and even children. Therefore, many countries have asked and are working for the elimination of arms proliferation, and that these arms should be restricted to the use of the army or the military and defense groups of the country not the common civilian. The UN has tried, since the mid 1990s to place the issue of eliminating small arms proliferation on the international political agenda. The "UN Conference on the Illicit Trade of Small Arms and Light Weapons in All its Aspects" was held after a UN General Assembly resolution was passed. This conference talked of the control and spread of small arms. The result of this conference is the UN Program of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons.

China has always been concerned with the issue of illicit trafficking and excessive proliferation of small arms, it has also taken a serious responsible attitude toward manufacturing and transferring these arms. China attended the UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, and is taking it upon itself to implement the Program of Action created at the conference. China has also been an active participant in the negotiations of the Firearms Protocol to the UN Convention Against Transitional Organized Crimes and its made several contributions to the conclusion of the Protocol, In 2001, China launched a nationwide campaign to eliminate illegal firearms and caused large amounts of illegal firearms to be confiscated and destroyed. China even hopes for the elimination of nuclear weapons worldwide.

Even though China does own nuclear weapons it has promised not tot threaten or use weapons against any non-nuclear-weapon country. It has even restricted the development of its weapons and hopes those countries that own the largest weapon arsenal would set an example for other countries and reduce their weapon arsenals by destroying them. China’s nuclear arsenal is kept at the lowest level necessary for self-defense only. China hopes that the UN would continue to achieve the goals of it Program and Action. China also hopes for the implementation of a UN resolution that would eliminate weapon proliferation specifically in the Middle east because it hopes for a more stable, peaceful Middle east.

 

5. Integrating Women In Development

Ever since the beginning of time, women have played a more minor role to the dominating role of men. They have been thought of as seconds to men. Today societies cannot argue the amount of contribution and effort has put into the development of their countries. Yet, some countries are still treating their women unfairly and not giving them their rights of equality. Some women in certain countries are still encountering obstacles in their full participation in the development of their countries either rural or agricultural development. Therefore, the UN has passed a resolution to influence the integration of women in development. This resolution requests the Secretary General to update the "World Survey on the Role of Women in Development." This resolution also stresses the need for the UN system to take into account the position of women. The UN has also set a UN Development Fund for Women, which helps women progress in development. The FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) Conference also considered a "Plan of Action for Integration of Women in Development." The objective of the Plan of Action is to ensure that women are accorded equal rights and opportunities to contribute to the agricultural and rural development of their societies.

Half of China’s extremely large population is made up of women. The promotion of gender equality and the overall development of women, therefore, plays a major role in China’s development. China has made sure women enjoy political, economic, social, and cultural equality since its very beginning. China is even trying to improve it legal system in order to increase and promote rights and interests of Chinese women. China has even hosted the Fourth UN World conference on Women, which adopted the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action. China has even implemented the Outline for the Development of Chinese Women, a national program set to carry out the Platform for Action. China even has an organ called the National Working Committee on Children and Women (NWCCW); this organ is in charge of women and children’s work, as well as organizing the implementation of the outlines for the development of women and children. China is serious about implementation international conventions and is anticipating greater cooperation with the United Nations in relevance with the issue of integration of women in development because of the major role women play in the development and advancement of their countries.

 

 

 

Resolution


Delegate: People's Republic of China
Issue: Towards eliminating arms proliferation
Student: Lulu al-Rodaini.

Defining arms proliferation as the expansion and increase of weapons.

Having Studied that the major problems have come from the proliferation of small arms such as guns, pistols, grenades and rifles since they are cheap, easy to transport, and can be handled by ill trained rebel soldiers and even children

Alarmed by the fact that the uncontrolled spread of arms that is destabilizing societies and causing increased violence,

Noting With Regret that these excess arms are extremely liable to fall into the hands of terrorist groups since they have reached the hands of civilians.

Further Noting that the proliferation of arms is due to two major reasons: new arms production and the trade of second-hand arms from excess equipment of certain countries,

Taking Into Account the importance of having arms for self defense of a country when that country is not able to manufacture its own arms,

Aware of the UN's efforts in the implementation of the UN Program of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons,

1. Requests the creation of a UN sub-committee under the UN Program of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons (PoA) called the United Nations International Arms Removal Committee (UNIARC), headquartered in Beijing, China;

2. Resolves that member countries of this committee will consist of countries that are:
A. Sovereign independent nations,
B. Countries that have a strong independent military defense,
C. Countries that have a growing GDP,
D. Self sufficient in the manufacturing of arms for defense within the country,
E. Not encountering problems of terrorism and having internal stability within the country;

3. Further Resolves that the main tasks of the UNIARC will be to:
A. Keep records of the number and type of every arm produced in all countries by using our agents to make monthly inspections to the manufacturing sites, after getting the countries permission,
B. Keep track of all officially held guns,
C. Develop a special mark for each manufacturing country in which all their arms are marked indifferently to be able to identify and trace them,
D. Make sure that countries do not develop excessive amounts of arms
i. Experts will be stationed at manufacturing sites,
ii. Any recorded surplus of arms production will be informed to the UNIARC,
iii. The reasons behind the excessive production will be studied thoroughly,
E. Identify and destroy stock piles of unauthorized surplus weapons in countries;

4. Further requests that branches of the committee be available in all countries for the purposes of:
A. Keeping track and recording the quantity and type of the produced arms in a country,
B. Making sure that none of the produced arms go missing:
i. Weekly visiting the storage areas and manufacturing sites of arms,
ii. Comparing records to make sure that the numbers of stock piles increase or decrease according to aspects of production, distribution or import/ export,
iii. Keeping track of exported and distributed weapons,
C. Distributing authorized guns to specified civilians,
D. Exchanging information and statistics on arms in a country with that countries military or police system,
E. Investigating in the sources of the guns held by terrorists or in criminal acts that occur in a country,
F. Making sure that the disarmed guns are kept in a remote isolated guarded area in the country, which is specified by the committee for removal from the country;
G. Sending annual records and information of arm manufacture and export to the committee,
H. Making information exchange between the committee and the country easier;

5. Notes that the destruction and dismantlement will:
A. Take place in remote isolated uninhabited islands after the committee takes permission to enter that island if it is property of another country,
B. The committee will supply several helicopters for the movement of the arms,
C. The people who move the arms from countries taking them to the specified area to dismantle them will be professional weapon experts and scientists;

6. Further Notes that selling of weapons to countries that are not able to manufacture their own weapons for self defense is not prohibited; however, the committee will:
A. Make sure that this country is entirely not able to manufacture its own weapons,
B. Know the amount and type of weapons needed by those countries military for the purpose of self-defense,
C. Keep records of the amounts and type of every arm sold to that country and by which country it is sold,
D. Buying countries should inform the committee and the original supplier country if they were to re-export the weapons to other countries; reasons of that would be:
i. If the weapons were getting old and the country wanted to dispose of them and get new weapons;

7. Recommends that the committee will look into previous and current issues regarding the disarmament of ex combatants by collecting and destroying their weapons;

8. Notes that the UNIARC will draft an international law regarding the possession of weapons by civilians, which will include:
A. The mature age of which the civilian is allowed to posses a gun,
B. The reasons that enable that civilian to posses a gun:
i. Some people might need a gun for only a short period and after that decided period that person would be disarmed,
C. The number of guns that civilian is allowed to have,
D. The type of guns that a civilian is allowed to have,
E. Only civilians who have been trained and received a certificate of recognition that shows their credibility are allowed to handle a gun,
F. All of the above will be recorded and filed; these records will be kept in the branch of the Committee in the country,
G. These records will be checked weekly to make sure that none have gone over their given period of possessing a gun or for criminal acts that have occurred,
H. Places that are authorized to give supply guns by the committee will include experts from the branches of the committee;

9. Proclaims that any country which does not cooperate with the UNIARC will face sanctions, depending on the degree of seriousness and importance of the matter:
A. Being put on the "Terrorism Black List",
B. Being Prosecuted;

10. Further Proclaims that any country found to have distributed weapons to terrorists or unauthorized civilians or even engaged in an unauthorized process of selling and buying arms will face the following sanctions:
A. Being put on the "Terrorism Black List,"
B. Being Prosecuted;

11. Emphasizes that those countries who are not able to join the committee but would like to help are welcome to do so in various ways such as:
A. Locating missing stockpiles of arms,
B. Identifying terrorist groups and helping in their capture and disarmament,
C. Identifying individuals who were engaged in criminal acts and aiding in their capture and disarmament,
D. Keeping the disarmed weapons in their country until the committee sends experts and helicopters to gather the weapons and take them to the isolated islands to destroy and dismantle them,
E. The pieces of metals from the dismantled arms will be recycled by melting them in specialized factories located in member countries.

12. Further Emphasizes that the branches of the UNIARC will provide educational programs in all countries to:
A. Educate the children in schools about the destructive effect of arms proliferation,
B. Change the glorious picture that many children view guns with,
C. Organizing public awareness programs for the importance of eliminating arms proliferation to reach a peaceful stable society.

 

 

 

Opening Speech



I am Lulwa Rodaini.