Event: Pearl-MUN 2006
Security Council
Emergency Situation



Author: Dr. Daniel R. Fruit

The I's Have It: Israel Versus Iran


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The I's Have It: Iran Versus Israel



Background to the Crisis

1947: Israel declares its independence and a united Arab force assails its borders. The Israelis win a battlefield victory. Many Palestinians flee and others the Israelis force out. No Arab state recognises Israel.

1948: Ben-Gurion and his associates proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel. Civil war in Palestine; Britain ends its mandate, Israel declares independence, Arab states declare war against Israel; Israel gains control of 77% of British Mandatory Palestine.

1948-1958: Large-scale Jewish immigration to Israel from Europe, North Africa, and Asia.

1956-1957: Suez War begins when Israel, supported by Britain and France, attacks Egypt; Israel conquers, later withdraws from, Sinai and Gaza Strip.

1964: Egypt and other Arab states establish Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO)

1965: Fatah (set up 1959 by Arafat & others) leads first guerrilla action against Israel.

1967: War begins when Israel attacks Egypt; Israel occupies West Bank, Gaza Strip, Egyptian Sinai, and Syrian Golan Heights, expands Jerusalem boundaries and extends Israeli law over East Jerusalem; UN SC Resolution 242 calls for withdrawal of Israeli troops from territories newly occupied.

1968-1970: Israel begins to establish Jewish settlements in newly occupied territories; PLO adopts goal of a democratic secular state in all of Mandate Palestine; Arafat named chairman of PLO; War of Attrition between Israel and Egypt, Israel and Syria.

1970: PLO expelled from Jordan, moves to Lebanon.

1973: War begins when Egypt seeks to regain by force Egyptian land that Israel captured in 1967; UN Security Council Resolution 338 calls for cease-fire and comprehensive peace conference; oil embargo by Arab petroleum exporting countries.

1974: Arab League declares PLO the sole legitimate rep of Palestinian people.

1975: UN grants PLO observer status.

1977: Iranian religiously based revolutionaries overthrow the American backed regime of the Shah of Iran. The new government, a religiously based one-party state becomes an opponent of the US and exporter of revolution.

1978: Temporary Israeli invasion of southern Lebanon.

1979: Begin and Sadat sign Israeli-Egyptian Peace Treaty in Washington, DC

1981: Israel attacks Iraqi nuclear reactor; U.S. sponsors encourage a cease-fire between Israel and the PLO that lasts until June 1982.

1982: Israeli invasion of Lebanon; PLO evacuated from Beirut to Tunisia.

1985: Israel vacates most of Lebanon; Israel bombs Tunisian headquarters of PLO.

1987-1993: First Intifada.

1988: Jordanian disengagement from West Bank; emergence of Hamas; Arafat accepts UN, Security Council resolutions 242 and 338, and recognises the State of Israel; U.S. opens direct discussions with PLO.

1990: Influx of Jews from former Soviet Union to Israel begins; U.S. suspends dialogue with PLO.

1996: First Palestinian elections for president and parliament result in Arafat victory; Palestinian suicide bombings in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv; Israeli "Grapes of Wrath" operation against Lebanon; Binyamin Netanyahu elected Israeli Prime Minister.

1997: Hebron Protocol divides West Bank city of Hebron into Israeli and Palestinian areas; Israel begins building Har Homa settlement between East Jerusalem and Bethlehem.

2000 Ė Present: Second Intifada brought along suicide bombings and whatnot.









The Crisis Situation



Crisis Situation Challenges Student Delegates

In this crises situation Israeli made a preemptive strike on Iran's nuclear facilities. In the GA, As the sole assembly to include both Iran, Israel, and the USA, which event rules explicitly prevented from direct talks, the GA featured many an indirect verbal battle regarding the developing crisis.

The SC, led by president Fatema Abdulkareem, naturally devoted a lot of its time to the crisis situation but managed to pass clauses on the Cuban embargo and the related Iranian nuclear program. The SC's solution to the crisis found Iran willing to comply to a compromise that Israel rejected. The AL put together an alternative to the SC solution to the crisis only to have both Israel (KU's Amna Ibrahim) and the SC reject it. The AL, however, did pass clauses on Iran's nuclear program and on the raising of troops to replace the coalition forces in Iraq. The AL recognized Amna Ibrahim (KU Israel) as its own outstanding guest delegate, Abdulrazzaq Al-Kathemi (Comorros-BBS), Syria's Saima Faruqi and Maryiam Al-Asfoor (ASK alum and BBS student), Abdullah Al-Shemmery (UAS-KU) as outstanding delegates, and senior Ahmad Al-Joan (Egypt BBS) as the Best Delegate.

Did they successfully solve the Israel/Iran crisis. In the opinion of Dr. Daniel R. Fruit, no:

"As we speak, Israel may be preparing another strike, and Iran is devoting every effort to making WOMD and about to invade Iran. So no. They did, however, try, and I think they learned from this experience how tough it is to resolve differences between adversaries, like Iran and Israel and the US, who not only donít trust one another, but refuse to even meet. In such a situation, there is, indeed, only place that they CAN talk, the UN. If nothing else, this is a reason behind the UN in the first place."