Event: Pearl-MUN 2006, Security Council
Student: Mishal Karam
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In the past France was the leading nation of the world but now things are changing, the USA is trying to take control. This is some information on Franceís government. The French Republicís constitution of the Fifth Republic took effect on October 4, 1958. It created a hybrid form of republican government based on elements of both presidential and parliamentary systems. Franceís government is divided into three main branches, the Executive branch, the Legislative branch, and the judicial branch. The Fifth Republic is the fifth and current republican constitution of France, which was introduced on October 5, 1958. The Fifth Republic emerged from the ashes of the French Fourth Republic, replacing a weak and factional parliamentary government with a stronger, more centralized semi-presidential system.
Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law and running the day-to-day affairs of the government or state. A legislature is a governmental deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. Legislatures are known by many names, the most common being parliament and congress, although these terms also have more specific meanings. In parliamentary systems of government, the legislature is formally supreme and appoints the executive. In presidential systems of government, the legislature is considered a power branch which is equal to, and independent of, the executive.In law, the judiciary or judicature is the system of courts which administer justice and provide a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. The term is also used to refer collectively to the judges, magistrates and other adjudicators who are central to this system.
The constitution gives executive authority to both the president and Prime Minister. The president of France is the official head of state and commander in chief of the armed forces. The president appoints the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers and presides over council meetings. Which means that the president is in control and under him are the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers.
The president has many powers, one of the presidentís most important powers is the right to dissolve the National Assembly and call new legislative elections. The president is also authorized to take certain policy matters to the people in national referenda, which means that the president has the ability of submitting to popular vote a measure passed or proposed by a legislative body or by popular initiative.
There are many parts of the French government, but the French parliament is also divided into two houses, the National Assembly and the Senate. As the legislative branch of government, parliament is engaged primarily in the debate and adoption of laws. Legislation relating to government revenues and expenditures is especially important. The other principal duty of parliament is to oversee the governmentís exercise of executive authority. The 577 members of the National Assembly are directly elected for five-year terms. Candidates for the National Assembly are elected by majority vote in single-member electoral districts. Runoff elections are required if no candidate receives more than 50 percent of the vote. That means that candidates in elections are required to receive almost half of the vote or they will be overruled. Candidates who win at least 12.5 percent of the first round vote are eligible to run in second round.
The 321 members of the Senate are elected indirectly by an electoral college. A law approved in July 2003 introduced a number of reforms in senatorial elections. The law specified that senators would henceforth be elected to six-year terms, with one-half of the Senate elected every three years. The National Assembly and the Senate share equal legislative power. In practice, however, legislative authority is tilted to the National Assembly, since the Senate may delay, but not prevent, the passage of legislation. If the two chambers disagree on a bill, final decision rests with the National Assembly, which may either accept the Senateís version or, after a specified period, readopt its own.
The judiciary regained some of its independence and power under the constitution of 1958. The constitution established a new body, the nine-member Constitutional Council. The council is authorized to rule on the constitutional validity of national elections, referenda, legislation, and parliamentary procedures. Members of the council are appointed for staggered, nonrenewable, nine-year terms; the president, National Assembly, and Senate each appoint three members. All former presidents also have seats on the council.
This all means that the executive branch is in control of most of everything and the only person with total power over everything is the president. It is a very strong presidential system.
The legislative branch is in control of debates and adopting laws. Also the legislative branch oversees the governmentís exercise of executive authority. [meaning?] The French judiciary has two main branches. One branch of courts hears administrative cases; another branch hears civil and criminal cases. Jurisdictional disputes between the two judicial branches are resolved by the eight-member Tribunal of Conflicts.
Union for the Presidential Majority is the party which is in power it is the Rally for the Republic party, its leader is Nicolas Sarkozy who is still president of the UMP and when elected, resign his position as Minister of Finance. The second party that is in power is the National Front, which is headed by Jean-Marie Le Pen. All three parties that are currently in power are left wing parties. The third ruling patry is the Socialist Party, which is headed by François Hollande.
The RFP is the presidential party and it is Jaques Chiraqeís movement, and also it is a French conservative party. The National Front describes itself as a mainstream right organization. However, nearly all observers characterize it as far right, xenophobic and racist, including mainstream historians such as René Rémond. The Socialist Party is the main opposition party in France. Although it has historically been a democratic socialist party, and still defines itself as such, most political scientists would say that now it is a social democratic party.
France is in Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, and is southeast of the UK. France borders the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain. France covers an area of 547,030 sq. km, of which 545,630 sq. km is land and 1,400 sq. km is water. Which makes it the largest European country. Its coastline is 3,427 km. It has many neighboring countries with which it shares land boundaries, such as: Andorra (56.6 km), Belgium (620 km), Germany (451 km), Italy (488 km), Luxembourg (73 km), Monaco (4.4 km), Spain (623 km), and Switzerland (573 km). France does not share any natural borders with any neighboring countries.
France has three distinctive types of surface features that are rolling plains, uplands, and high mountains. 33.4% of Franceís land is arable, which means it could be used for planting crops. Also France faces many natural hazards such as flooding; avalanches; midwinter windstorms; drought; forest fires in south near the Mediterranean.
France is very rich with agricultural resources. The fertile soils of its basins and plains have supported a farming culture since the founding of the country. Today, France is the largest exporter of agricultural goods in the European Union (EU). The French landscape, most of which receives abundant precipitation, also supports a thriving timber industry.
France is very rich with agricultural resources, but France is not so rich with natural mineral resources. The coal deposits of northern France and the iron ore deposits in the east were important to the nationís early industrialization. However, Franceís coal deposits have largely been depleted or in other words have run out, and the low quality of French iron ore has lead to a decline in Franceís production. Deposits of petroleum and natural gas are small and largely tapped. Franceís proven crude reserves are insignificant at 148MN barrels; there is little scope for a significant increase in reserves thanks to poor exploration prospects and limited investment. So France imports oil from Iran. Today, France imports iron ore along with most other minerals important in industrial production. France remains a significant producer of uranium, a fuel used in nuclear reactors, and bauxite, from which aluminum is made. France has 59 nuclear reactors operated by Electricite de France (EdF) with total capacity of over 63 GWe, supplying over 426 billion kWh per year of electricity, 78% of the total generated there. In 2005 French electricity generation was 549 billion kWh net and consumption 482 billion kWh - 7700 kWh per person. Over the last decade France has exported 60-70 billion kWh net each year.
As of July 2006 France has a population of 60,876,136, with an overall growth rate of .35%, with 11.99 births/1,000 population, and 9.14 deaths/1,000 population. The life expectancy rate average currently stands at 79.73 years, men usually live until they are 76, but women live longer until they are 83. There are many ethnic groups in France such as Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities. These different minorities follow different religions which are: Roman Catholic 83%-88%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 5%-10%, unaffiliated 4%. The main language that is spoken is French but there are many different dialects such as: Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, and Flemish. The people of France are very well educated people, literacy of the population stands at 99% over 15 years of age.
The French immigrants have a lot of racism and issues between themselves and that is causing severe internal problems such as the riots. Prior to the French revolution, the Roman Catholic Church had been the official state religion of France since the conversion to Christianity of Clovis I, leading to France being called "the eldest daughter of the Church." The Kings of France were known as the "very Christian kings." Depending on the time, other religions, such as Protestantism, were tolerated or persecuted. Perceived threats of undue Catholic influence in national politics have lead some sections of the French public, particularly on the political left, to anti-clerical positions.
France is in the midst of transition from a well to do modern economy that has featured extensive government ownership and intervention to one that relies more on market mechanisms. This means that the French are in the middle of a transitional phase and are going to thrive to get to a modern economy. They want the new modern economy to be owned by the government and they want this economy to only rely on market mechanisms.
The government has partially or fully privatized many large companies, banks, and insurers. It retains controlling stakes in several leading firms, including Air France, France Telecom, Renault, and Thales, and is dominant in some sectors, particularly power, public transport, and defense industries. France's leaders remain committed to a capitalism in which they maintain social equity by means of laws, tax policies, and social spending that reduce income disparity and the impact of free markets on public health and welfare. The government has lowered income taxes and introduced measures to boost employment and reform the pension system. In addition, it is focusing on the problems of the high cost of labor and labor market inflexibility. Which means that there are 35-hour workweeks and restrictions on lay-offs. So the people do not really agree with that since there is also a very high unemployment rate.
The lingering economic slowdown and inflexible budget items have pushed the budget deficit above the eurozone's 3%-of-GDP limit; unemployment stands at 10%. The French are trying to focus on domestic problems that lower their economy and they are trying to exterminate all these issues so that the economy can rise. France is already a rich country but by achieving this it will be maybe the richest in Europe. Also all the leading firms in France are really big companies and corporations. The government is trying to boost the rates of people getting employed so that the people stay generally happy with the government and that way they can reform the pension system.
The current government does not favor this and strongly oppose it, but with the large number of immigrants and high unemployment rates they are not really able to help that much. The people are rioting because there are some of them that are living in very bad circumstances (ghettos). Many others are not able to receive jobs, so the First Employment Contract voted by parliament in 2006 is an attempt by the French government to deal with youth unemployment, but is fiercely rejected by part of the population. President Chirac was forced to give up this law. The French think that their economy is an alternative model to "Anglo-Saxon capitalism" .
As of 2005 France had a GDP of $1.822 trillion. Agriculture contributes to 2.5% of the GDP, industry contributes 21.3% of the GDP, and services contribute 76% of the GDP. The GDP growth rate at 2005 stood at 1.6%. Franceís purchasing power is at $ 1,822,000,000,000. Franceís GDP is less than the USAís GDP, and Germanyís GDP is $2.362 trillion.
France has a large military that is comprised of Army (includes Marines, Foreign Legion, Army Light Aviation), Navy (includes naval air), Air Force (includes Air Defense), National Gendarmerie. The current age obligation for military service stands at 17 years of age for voluntary military service. As of 2005, the number of males fit for military use was 11,262,661, and as of 2005, there were 13,676,509 people available for military service. France spends 45 billion dollars on itís military.
The total number of military personnel is approximately 300,000 and they are exactly 259,050. However, 100,000 of these are in the Gendarmerie, and thus a vast majority of these 100,000 are used in everyday law enforcement operations inside France and are not fit for external operations. The number of troops could not wage a full scale attack on Iraq like the United States because they have only 1 aircraft carrier and the infantry need all the aerial support that they can get.
Although France cannot wage an attack on Iraq, but it can still wage full scal attacks on African countries.France provides, along with the United States and other countries, troops for the force stationed in Haiti, sanctioned by the United Nations, following the 2004 Haiti rebellion. Also France has sent troops, especially special forces, into Afghanistan to help the United States and NATO forces fight the remains of the Taliban and Al Qaeda. The French navy currently have one aircraft carrier and are currently working on the second that is called Charles De Gaulle. The current size of the French air force is 65 000. France has a little over 1000 fighter planes, 380 ready for flying missions at any time.
Views on world problems:
The France and US have almost similar policies and all differences are discussed. But with the war going on in Iraq, France and the US both have very different views on this issue. France considered "Vito" to any resolution that called for military action in Iraq. The US took action, and took specific military action in Iraq back in 2003. Also the US is still taking military action in Iraq.
France supports the involvement of all-Arab parties and Israel in a multilateral peace process. France also plays a role in Africa since it contributes to political, military, and social stability.
Also France truly supports itís former African colonies and is doing all what they can to aid these nations. France used to have a large number of troops in the Central African Republic, but they left the Central African Republic in 1997.
French foreign policy towards the USA is often understood as particularly confrontational and based on traditional power politics, or a wish to re-establish 'la grandeur de la France'. France is Germany's closest and most important partner in Europe. With no other country does it coordinate all its policies more extensively or regularly. The reconciliation efforts of the post-war decades have spawned unusually diverse and intensive forms of cooperation. They had many types of alliances between them, which are political alliances, military alliances, economical alliances, and cultural alliances.
The signing of the German-French Friendship Treaty at the Elysée Palace in Paris in 1963 laid the foundation stone for particularly close and trusting cooperation within the European Union. No other treaty has had such a direct and lasting effect on the co-existence of two nations, and ever since, there has been a special relationship between Germany and France.
Germany and France are each other's most important trading partners and labor markets outside their own borders. The communities have the closest links through youth exchange programs and town partnerships, German-French societies, encounters in the worlds of profession, leisure and academia, and not least through countless personal friendships, relationships and marriages
In 2001, Germany exported 11% of its exports to France, while France sold 14% of its total exports in Germany. The strong trading relationship has led to significant direct investments in both countries. At the end of 2000, the volume of German direct investments in France was EUR 23 billion, and France had invested EUR 29 billion in Germany. In the years following German reunification, France was the leading country of origin for foreign investments in former East Germany. Together, the two national economies account for more than 50% of the Euro-Zone's economic output.
It is due to the efforts of France and Germany, "Partners in Leadership", that the establishment of the European Council, the setting up of the European Monetary System, the Maastricht Treaty, the Amsterdam Treaty and the introduction of the Euro came about. On the Franco-German agenda have been European Union enlargement, European security issues and transatlantic relations.
German-French co-operation remains of particular significance today, as the European Union's enlargement to the east is moving into its concrete phase. Understanding for common positions on reforming EU institutions and agreement on controversial questions of the future of common agricultural policy smooth the way towards a "Europe of 25". Germany and France will continue to function as a driving force and innovator within Europe, whether by working out common areas of intensive co-operation and proposing these to their European partners, or by continuing to work productively with contrasting positions and find feasible compromises.
In 1995 Chirac succeeded Mitterrand as president, but he, too, had to contend with cohabitation after just two years in power. The center right lost control of the legislature in 1997, and Chirac was obliged to appoint a Socialist prime minister, Lionel Jospin. Cohabitation sharply constrained Chiracís political influence. He was unable to prevent the left-wing majority from instituting major reforms, including 1998 legislation to shorten the work week from 39 to 35 hours in an effort to increase employment opportunities.
French governments of both the center left and center right has consistently supported European integration under the auspices of the EU, and this support has perhaps been Franceís most significant contribution to world affairs since it dissolved its overseas empire. A Frenchman, Jacques Delors, provided strong leadership as president of the European Commission, an agency of the EU, from 1984 to 1994.
In July 2004 Chirac announced that France would hold a referendum on the new EU constitution. In June the EU member states had agreed to the constitutionís final text, ending extensive negotiations. Chiracís move signaled his confidence that French voters would support the constitution, as France was not bound by its own constitution to hold a referendum. Under Franceís constitution, the result of any referendum would be legally binding.
In the referendum held in May 2005, almost 55 percent of the French electorate voted against the proposed EU constitution. Analysts attributed the result to dissatisfaction with the government, particularly its handling of the economy, in addition to fears about the implications of an enlarged and more integrated EU. With confidence in the government badly shaken by the result, Raffarin tendered his resignation. In his place Chirac appointed a trusted protégé, former foreign minister Dominique de Villepin, who quickly formed a new government. Chirac announced the top priority of the new government would be to lower the countryís high unemployment.
In 2003 the government announced a proposal to restructure the public sector pension system, prompting widespread demonstrations. Later that year, both houses of parliament approved the reforms, which required employees in the public sector to work more years to be eligible for full state pensions. But opposition to Raffarinís economic reforms raised questions about the governing coalitionís ability to maintain popular support. In local elections held in March 2004, center right parties lost control of 13 regions to leftist parties, a result that analysts attributed to growing public discontent with the governmentís economic policies.
Today, France continues to face significant social and economic problems, some of them a product of Franceís growth since World War II. Despite the proliferation of government social welfare programs, wealth in France remains more unevenly distributed by social class than in any other northern European country, and regional variations are significant as well. Economic development has produced major environmental problems that need to be resolved. Among them is the escalating problem of air pollution, in large part the result of the increasing number of automobiles in Paris and other cities. Contraception and abortion have led to a declining birthrate since the 1970s, which in turn has led to the aging of the French population. Budgets for social services have escalated beyond taxpayersí willingness to support them, requiring cutbacks in free services and possibly putting the whole French welfare state in jeopardy.
The need for more jobs and better economic opportunity was further emphasized when rioting broke out in France in late October 2005. Decades of poverty and racism boiled over after two boys were accidentally killed while fleeing police in a suburb of Paris, sparking nearly three weeks of rioting in the economically depressed suburbs and quickly spreading to hundreds of other French cities and towns. Nearly 3,000 people were arrested during this period, as protesters set thousands of cars on fire and clashed with police. People of African descent living in France, who suffer from some of the highest rates of unemployment and poverty in the country, instigated much of the violence.
1. The issue of appointing a permanent president for the SC
The Presidency of the Security Council is held in turn by the members of the Security Council in the English alphabetical order of their names. Each President holds office for one calendar month. France is a permanent member of the SC, and France thinks that there should be a permanent president elected for the SC. This will help all the members of the SC because there will always be the same president and not a president elected every month. If a president is elected every month, then that president will be influenced by certain countries to help them with their specific issues. The president that is elected each month could be corrupted. So if there is a permanent president then this problem will not exist because the president is only influenced by anyone, its always the same person. Also there will be many rules and regulations on how to insure that this president is not corrupted.
France urges the UN to consider electing a permanent president and doing all that is in their power to insure that this president is not corrupted in any way. The president should be on close watch by inspectors for a period of time that will be decided by the member countries of the SC. This will help insure that the president is not influenced by anyone. Also the UN must come up with a majority decision about electing a certain person as the permanent president of the SC. This person must have very good credentials and must have a lot of experience so that he/she could make the correct decisions. The decisions that the president takes could affect nations positively or negatively, it depends on if the president is corrupted or not. Wars could happen, people can die, and whole nations could we wiped off of the Earth because of one decision.
2. The issue of the Iranian nuclear program
At a United Nations high-level summit, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad stated Iran had the right to develop a civil nuclear-power programme within the terms of the 1970 treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. He offers a compromise solution in which foreign companies will be permitted to invest and participate in Iran's nuclear program, thus ensuring that it cannot be secretly used to make weapons. On a visit back in 2003 to Tehran, International Atomic Energy Agency director Mohammed ElBaradei announced he had discovered that Iran was constructing a facility to enrich uranium which is a key component of advanced nuclear weapons. On March 8, 2006 America and Europe warned that Tehran has unprocessed Uran gas for making up to 10 atomic bombs. Iran as a terrorist supporting country, poses as a threat to all countries of the world. Iran has already threatened the Middle East and Israel. The question is whom will it threaten next? France sees that this is a very serious issue.
France urges the Security Council to take action, since Iran has not allowed inspectors in and is not conducting negotiations. With 8.5% of the market share, France is Iranís third-leading supplier and also altogether, 3% of French hydrocarbon imports come from Iran. France, China, and Russia are some of Iranís trade partners that do not want any serious action to be taken on Iran like for example sanctions. The United States of America should not take military action against Iran because it is already conducting two wars. This issue should be dealt with by the countries of the Security Council. The Security Council should conduct negotiations with Iran to allow inspectors in. The US is ready to use all the force it can use so that its close ally, Israel, is not a target. The countries of the world do not want another war on their hands; we are all seeing what is happening in Iraq. France does not stand with any country that is ready to take severe action against Iran. We should not make the same mistake of letting the United States take matters into their own hands.
3. The issue of the review of the conditions and status of Cuba
The United Nations General Assembly has voted overwhelmingly for an end to the United States' 40-year-old economic embargo against Cuba. The US embargo was imposed on Cuba after Fidel Castro defeated a 1961 CIA-backed assault at the Bay of Pigs. France agrees with the UN and thinks that the United States should end the 40-year-old economic embargo against Cuba. The embargo has lasted for 40 years this should come to an end. Since no one is taking action then this issue should be dealt by the Security Council. This issue is seriously affecting Cubaís people, their economy is sinking and the United States it threatening even more. This embargo should end so that we can have trade agreements with Cuba and also so that Cubaís economy will not sink any lower.
Recently the French Government significantly upgraded its relations with Cuba by placing the island in a group of countries which it gives priority when deciding foreign aid. France is Cuba's largest grain supplier and fourth most important trading partner after Spain, Canada and Russia. The fact that the Havana police was outfitted with French Peugeots is evidence that the Cuban-French relationship has grown much closer. The French Government has been one of the leading European states along with Spain and Italy, to push for a closer relationship with the island. Cubaís economy has been severely affected by the embargo and if relations still plunge then the economy will even go much lower. Thus it affects Franceís energy sources. France urges the nations of the Security Council to reconsider the economic embargo that the United States has placed on Cuba. There should be another vote conducted to see how many nations think that the embargo should still last. The Security Council should end this 40 year old embargo and solve this issue rapidly.
4. The issue of directing attentions in the Himalayan region
After a long and rich history, during which the region splintered and coalesced under a variety of absolute rulers, Nepal became a constitutional monarchy in 1990. This arrangement was marked by increasing instability, both in the parliament and, since 1996, in large swathes of the country that have been fought over by Maoist insurgents. The Maoists have sought to overthrow the monarchy and establish their form of republic. This has led to a civil war in which more than 12,000 people have died. The politics of Nepal in the first five months of 2005 have been dominated by a spiraling series of events: King Gyanendraís coup in February, the state of emergency and the imprisonment of political leaders and activists. This issue that has been neglected must be taken seriously, the insurgents now control up to 70% o the country. The government in early 2005 stated the country being in state of emergency.
France thinks that the Security Council should take action to stop more people from loosing their lives. The SC should step in and conduct negotiations between both the Nepalese government and the insurgents. By doing that peace and stability will be returned in the land instead of the butchery that has been going on for many years. France feels strongly about this issue and thinks I should be solved by peaceful means.
1. Urges the creation of an organization within the IAEA that: 1-Will devote itself totally to solving the issue of WMDís in Iran, 2-Conduct peaceful searches within Iran to find the alleged WMDís by: i-Searching all facilities that have been suspected of producing any materials that aid in the manufacturing of the WMDís, ii-Use satellite imagery and any other forms of spotting to track down these WMDís, iii-Distribute many officers throughout the nation that will conduct tests to check if any of their alleged "facilities" is really producing nuclear weapons, 3-Come to a consensus with the Iranian government to keep the trained personnel within the nation so that no more allegations are made, 4-The personnel will make sure that Iran does not produce any WMDís by: i-inspections, ii-Control over facilities that could be used to produce materials that can be used in WMDís, iii-Guarding any materials that could be used to build WMDís such as Uranium and that if these resources are going to be used for energy, then the personnel will watch over the energy production process, 5- Will help the Iranian people strive towards achieving their goal of using nuclear power;
2. Calls On Iran to take the necessary steps on an urgent basis to help resolve all questions on their production of nuclear weapons and also provide full documentation and explanations at the request of any nations;
3. Requests the Director General of the IAEA to report the advance of the use of nuclear technologies within Iran and also still be within the rules of the resolutions passed in Iran;
4. Calls on Iran to continue and intensify its cooperation with the IAEA so that the IAEA may provide the international community with assurances about Iran's nuclear activities;
5. Requests the Director General of the IAEA to continue his efforts to implement this and previous Resolutions and to report again, including any further developments on the issues raised in his report of 2 September 2005;
6. Urges Iran to: A. To re-establish full and sustained suspension of all enrichment-related activity, B. To implement transparency measures, as requested by the Director General in his report, which extend beyond the formal requirements of the Safeguards Agreement and Additional Protocol, C. Continue to act in accordance with the provisions of the Additional Protocol;
7. Calls on Iran to return to the negotiating process that has been making good progress over the past few years;
8. Urges Iran to cooperate actively with the IAEA,
Honorable chair, fellow delegates, and most distinguished guests,
France bids you all a warm welcome to this Security Council meeting. France is a highly developed country with the fifth-largest economy in the world. France is one of the founding members of the European Union, and has the largest land area of all members.
We see that certain countries that think they are superpowers should not be allowed to take control of the world and do whatever they please. European nations should also take things into their own hands and solve issues, we do not need help from an countries to do our jobs for us. Also France is one of only eight acknowledged nuclear powers of the world.
In this SC conference the issue that France is focusing on is the issue of the Iranian nuclear program which has been seen as a major threat these days. Iran has already threatened a few nations, and does not seem to want to conduct negotiations. We must seek to use a diplomatic solution,
Iran is already a region filled with problems and if not handled well the Iranian issue shall add fire to the whole region. France hopes that you all will have a peaceful and productive event.
The Security Council this year was a very productive one, there were many clauses debated and only a few very effective ones passed. The crisis aroused troubles in the SC and we moved on to only trying to solve the crisis. France spoke for or against all the clauses that were proposed and tried to only pass the most rational and most helpful to our country. France did not propose any clauses because we were waiting to see the USAís views on all of the issues in the SC. There was a war proposed on Iran so that the SC could rid the world of this issue, and France amended the clause but it failed. If the clause had passed the crisis would have been solved long before it escalated. Most countries of the SC shared many views on world problems with France. France tried to make this SC a very productive one, and we hope that we have contributed to getting a step closer to achieving our goals.