Country: The Republic of Iraq



Event: Pearl-MUN 2006

Student: Reem Al-Thekair, Arab League




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The New Republic of Iraq




The Iraqi National Anthem


Land of Two Rivers

Latin Transliteration

Watanun Mede Alalufqui
Janaha Warteda Majdalkadarati
Wishaha Burikat Ardulfurataini
Watan Abqariyyalmajd Azmen
Wa Samaha Wataha

Hathihilardu Lehibun Wa Sana
Wa Shumukhum La Tudanini Sama
Jabalun Yesmu Ala Hamilduna
Wa Suhulun Jassadat Finaliba
Babilun Fina Wa Ashourun Lena
Wa Binaltarikhu Yakhdallu Dia
Nahnu Finnasi Jamana Wahduna
Ghadbat Assayfi Wa Hilm Alanbiya.

Ya Saraya Albathi Ya Usdelarin
Ya Shumukh Alizzi Walmajd Ittalid
Izahafi Kalhawli Linnasrilmubin
Wab Athi Fi Ardina Ahdarrashid
Nahnu Jeelulbathl: Fajrulkadihin
Ya Rihab Almajd Udna Min Jadid
Ummatun Nabni Bi Azmin La Yalim
Wa Shahidun Yaqatfi Khatwa Shahid.
Shatunaljabbar Zahwun Wantilaq
Wa Qila Alizzi Yebniba Alrifag
Dumta Liburbi Malathan Ya Iraq
Wa Shumusan Tajalullayla Sabaha.



English:

A homeland that extended its wings over the horizon,
And wore the glory of civilization as a garment--
Blessed be the land of the two rivers,
A homeland of glorious determination and tolerance.

This homeland is made of flame and splendour
And pride unequaled by the high heavens.
It is a mountain that rises above the tops of the world
And a plain that embodies our pride.

Babylon is inherent in us and Assyria is ours,
And because of the glory of our background
History itself radiates with light,
And it is we alone who possess the anger of the sword
And the patience of the prophets.

Oh company of al-Ba'th, you pride of lions,
Oh pinnacle of pride and of inherited glory,
Advance, bringing terror, to a certain victory
And resurrect the time of al-Rashid in our land!

We are a generation who give all and toil to the utmost.
Oh expanse of glory, we have returned anew
To a nation that we build with unyielding determination.
And each martyr follows in the footsteps of a former martyr.

Our mighty nation is filled with pride and vigour
And the comrades build the fortresses of glory.
Oh Iraq, may you remain forever a refuge for all the Arabs





Country Profile

Political Structure:

The official name of Iraq is the Republic of Iraq, conventionally, and Al Jumhuriyah Al Iraqiyah, locally. The capital of Iraq is Baghdad. The government type is transitional democracy, the Iraqi Transitional Government (ITG). The chief of state is President Jalal Talabani and the Deputy Presidents are Adil Abd Al Mahdi and Ghazi Al Ujayl; since April 6th, 2005. The new constitution was made on 15th of October, 2005. There are 18 governorates and one regional government. Iraq’s legal system is based on based on European civil and Islamic law under the framework outlined in the Iraqi Constitution. The legislative branch consists of the Council of Representatives or Mejlis Watani. The judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court appointed by the Prime Minister, confirmed by the President. Iraq gained its independence on October 3rd 1932, Ba’ath party takeover of the Iraqi government.

 

Economy:

95% of Iraq’s foreign exchange earnings come from oil, which has dominated Iraq’s economy. Iraq exports crude oil (83.9%), crude materials excluding fuels (8.0%), food and live animals (5.0%). Its exporting partners are U.S. 53.4%, India 12.3%, Spain 8%, Japan 6.1%, Italy 4.9%, and Canada 4.2%. Iraq imports food, medicine, manufactures; from Turkey 25%, U.S. 11.1%, Jordan 10%, Vietnam 7.7%, Germany 5.6%, Australia 4.8%. Iraq has a public debt of $120 billion, mainly Russia and other countries. Iraq receives more than $33 billion in foreign aid. Experts say improvements in oil and electricity production are getting the country back on track. However, ongoing security problems leading up to the handover of sovereignty June 30--including suicide bombings, attacks on foreign workers, and sabotage of oil infrastructure--are deterring foreign investment and derailing many reconstruction projects. President Bush has actively campaigned for nearly all Iraq's debt to be forgiven; other nations have been cool to the idea of offering financial amnesty to an oil-rich country. President Jacques Chirac of France is willing to forgive half of Iraq's debt but no more, according to news reports.

 

Defense:

Iraq’s military force is branched out into several branches which include: Iraqi Armed Forces: Iraqi Regular Army (includes Iraqi Special Operations Force, Iraqi Intervention Force), Iraqi Navy (former Iraqi Coastal Defense Force), Iraqi Air Force (former Iraqi Army Air Corps). The age requirement of the armed forces is 18 years of age; the Iraqi Interim Government is creating a new professional Iraqi military force of men aged 18 to 40 to defend Iraq from external threats and the current revolution. There are 5,870,640 men available in the armed forces and 4,930,074 fit for military services. Iraq’s military budget is $1.34 billion. The Iraqi government was accused of stockpiling weapons of mass destruction. However, according to UN and the IAEA reports, Iraq does not have and nuclear or biological weapons.

 

Views on World Problems:

With the fall of Saddam Hussein and the Ba'ath regime, Iraq has taken steps toward re-engagement on the international stage. Iraq has established diplomatic relations with over 60 countries and organizations. Iraq has bad relations with neighbor Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, but the Iraqi-Saudi relations are getting better both politically and economically. The United States, having led the international union to remove the Ba’ath regime, is committed to the establishment of a stable, united, successful, democratic Iraq. U.S. forces remain in Iraq as part of the Multi-National Force-Iraq to assist the ITG to train its security forces, as well as to work in partnership with the ITG to combat forces that seek to derail Iraq’s progression to full democracy. The U.S. Government is carrying out a multibillion-dollar program to assist in the reconstruction of Iraq.

 

Brief History:

In July 1979, Ahmad Hasan al-Bakr resigned, and Saddam Hussein assumed both offices. The Iran-Iraq war (1980-88) devastated the economy of Iraq. Iraq declared victory in 1988. Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990. The Security Council issued sanctions to prevent further WMD development and force Iraqi observance to international obligations when the Ba'ath regime refused to fully cooperate with the UN inspections. After U.S.-led coalition removed the Ba'ath regime in 2003 alliances, international agencies, and nongovernmental organizations quickly established aid systems, preventing any general humanitarian crisis.

 

 

 

Arab League Clauses:


Issue #1. Deteriorating conditions in Iraq.

1. Congratulates the United States of America for its continuous efforts in solving the conditions in Iraq;

2. Resolves the formation of the Arab Charity Committee (ACC) which will:
A. Consist of the following:
1. One representative from each of the countries in the Arab League, who are willing and able to donate to support Iraq,
2. One United Nations (American) representative,
3. A treasurer, which will be elected by the representatives on his or her qualifications,
B. Collect all donations to Iraq, by:
1. Forming a team of collectors in every donating nation. Donating nation representatives will be in charge of their team,
2. Sending out the collectors within each nation and shipping the donations by any form of transportation to Iraq,
3. Receiving permission by neighboring countries to open sea ports, airports and boarders so that the shipments may come in and out of Iraq,

3. Encourages all nations of the Arab league to help Iraq, for the following reasons:
A. To increase their credibility with one of the strongest nations,
B. The Arab world will gain in the future, economically and socially,
C. Iraq is an Islamic and Arab country after all,

4. Welcomes all donations and help from neighboring countries with the approval of the UN,

 

Issue 2: Iran

1. Requests that Iran should send a monthly report to the UN regarding its energy source information, which will:
A. Consist of:
1. The progress made with its energy,
2.Information on the locations of the energy (storage, usage, etc.),
3. Current status of their future projects
4. Information about any energy sold to any party,
B. Prove to all nations around the world that Iran is using its Nuclear energy as a source of peaceful energy and income and not to build weapons, but to beautify Iran,

2. Acknowledges that if Iran does not agree or send the accurate reports, the case will be referred to the Security Council to take appropriate measures,
A. Considering the fact that 2/3 of AL nations are willing to sign off on the previous clause, if all nations agree, there is no need for referral to the SC,

 

 

 

Opening Speech


Honorable chair, fellow delegates. Good afternoon, welcome to the Arab League. A League where Arab countries have the opportunity to make a difference. Let’s take advantage of this opportunity.

There may be some nations here today who are willing and able to help Iraq with its current situation. But believes that the USA should either withdrawal from Iraq or that the USA should not interfere.

However, Iraq doesn’t believe in that. Iraq believes that the truth should be told. And the truth is that the USA has taken the first biggest, most expensive and riskiest step in helping Iraq. And for them to withdraw now is not right and not going to happen.

The new government of Iraq supports the USA. Iraq would like to say NO, NO and NO to going backwards and YES, YES and YES to working together to make Iraq better place, which would make the Arab World, especially, a safer, calmer heaven. So, please let us set our differences aside and work together to help Iraq and the Arab world in general. For united we stand and separated we fall.

Thank you,