Country: Democratic People's Republic
of North Korea

Event: Pearl-MUN 2006


Student: Abullah Al-Saleh



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Sorry, I don't have the North Korean National Anthem






North Korea




 

Country Profile


Political structure:

North Korea is a communist state with one-man leadership. The formal name of the North Korea is the Democratic Peopleís Republic of Korea; the capital of the country is in the city of Pyongyang. The North Koreaís government is said to be democratic however we are communists. Our President is Kim Il Sung who was elected in 1990 is still president. The current political party that is in power in North Korea is the Korean Workers' Party. The head or chairperson of the party is Kim Il Sung. The government of the North Korea is divided into three branches, the executive branch, legislative branch, and the judicial branch.

North Koreaís government is divided up into different sections with different people in charge. Executive branch is made up from the chief of state, head of government, and cabinet. The chief of state who is the president is Kim Il Sung; the vice president of the North Korea is his son Kim Il Sung jr. In the North Korea, the chief of state is at the same time the head of the government. The head of the government elects the cabinet of ministers in North Korea.

Our legislative branch consists of unicameral Supreme People's Assembly or Ch'oego Inmin Hoeui. It consists of 687 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms. Our legislative branch is unicameral which means composed of one legislative body. All in all our president has the final call on everything if he agrees it passes and if he doesnít well not in a million years will he agree.

Our Judicial branch consists of three levels. The first is the Central Court (judges are elected by the Supreme People's Assembly) second is the provincial courts and finally our people's courts at lowest level. Prosecutors grouped under separate, parallel chain of command topped by Central Procurator's Office, which supervises local procurators' offices at provincial and county levels.

We are currently stable politically relations with South Korea are stable and nothing new has occurred between us.

 

Geography:

North Korea is a land filled with many different types of climates. However, most of North Koreaís climate is mountainous. This is a disadvantage because of a natural disaster occurs then it is very hard for help to reach certain areas. North Korea occupies about 55 percent of total land area of the Korean Peninsula, or approximately 120,410 square kilometers of land area; it is about the size of the state of New York or Louisiana. Topography: Approximately 80 percent of land area mountain ranges and uplands. All mountains on peninsula over 2,000 meters high are in North Korea. Climate: Long, cold, dry winters and short, hot, humid summers. Approximately 60 percent of rainfall falls in June through September. Our bordering countries are China from the north and South Korea from the south.

We have a chain of mountain that separate us from South Korea and that is an advantage from us however on the sides and near Chinaís border with us we have nothing there so this is what causes the fear.

 

Natural Resources

As known oil is the main resource a country should have, however, we lack oil. That is a big problem facing North Korea and many of our citizens are starving because of this problem. There are quite a few natural resources in North Korea such as coal, lead tungsten, zinc, graphite, manesite, iron ore, copper, gold, pyrite, salt, fluorspar, and hydropower. Another fortune North Korea has is the arable land, which is 14.12% of North Korea total area. Permanent crops are 2.49% of North Korea area. North Korea has an irrigated land of 14,600 sq. km only which is considered to be little for a country with 120,410 sq. km. Trade partners are Russia, China, and Japan; to a lesser degree, Hong Kong, Germany, India, Canada, and Singapore. Trade with South Korea classified as internal, not international. Our GDP is 40 billion dollars a year. North Korea has the land to grow many resources, but it does not have the manpower to do so.

 

Cultural Factors:

North Korea is a country with a 22,224,195 population. The ethnic groups that are in North Korea are racial homogeneous, and there is a small Chinese community with a few ethnic Japanese. The Juchi Idea is the official ideology of North Korea, and informally the political system based on it. It is also known as Kimilsungism for its founder Kim Il-sung. The core of Juchi is that the people, collectively, must be the subjects and masters of social revolution; in other words, the people must remake themselves. Juchi is often translated (although not by North Korea itself) as "self-reliance".

The North Korean people follow the Buddhist and Confucianism religions in tradition and secretly. The Buddhist and Confucianist religions are hereditary in North Korea. However they are branched out of our main religion which is the Jurchen. Jurchins were people who lived in parts of china and North Korea, and they established the Jin Dynasty, which came after the Ming Dynasty. This faith teaches self-reliance. About 95% of our people believe in this faith, as does our leader. The other five are mainly Christians. They are workers in our government who have been brought from outside countries. As stated above we have the internal police, which keep people in order. So we have no problems with them. Since they all follow the communist religion

 

Defense:

The North Korean defense system is wearing off. But everyone fears North Korea because of the nuclear capability. The Armed forces known as Korean People's Army (KPA) total about 1.13 million 1993. Components (army, approximately 1 million; navy, 40,000 to 60,000; and air force, 70,000 to 92,000) under direction and control of President Kim Il Sung. Kim Jong Il commander in chief. Special operations forces include 60,000 to 100,000. KWP Military Affairs Committee and state National Defense Commission hold coordinated authority of armed forces. Marshal Kim Jong Il supreme commander of the army and chairman of National Defense Commission, as of April 1993.

North Korea is a heavily militarized state, the fifth largest population under arms. Active military structure supported by reserves (army, 500,000; air force, unknown; and navy, 40,000) and militia of Worker-Peasant Red Guards and Red Guard Youth numbering over 3.8 million. Estimated 20 to 25 percent of GNP in 1991 for defense expenditures, although officially announced figure was 6 percent, 11.4 percent in 1992, and 11.6 percent in 1993. Conscription ages twenty to twenty-five, with three years for army service and four years for navy and air force service (other sources cite five to eight years for army service and three to four years for navy and air force service). All soldiers serve in reserves--estimated at 1.2 million in 1993--up to age forty, Worker-Peasant Red Guards to age sixty, Red Guard Youth, and College Training Units.

The main job of these guys is to keep the public under control and not to allow them to violate any laws. Internal security and maintenance of law and order centered in Ministry of Public Security and State Security Department, two government organs controlled by KWP through Justice and Security Commission and penetration of party apparatus at all levels. Ministry of Public Security responsible for internal security, social control, and basic police duties; estimated 144,000 personnel in 1991. Public security bureaus in each province, county, city, and some city substations; each village has police force. Conventional and secret police apparatus tightly controlled by KWP. Movement also controlled.

As stated by the last issue of the Jane magazine, North Korea has about six nuclear missiles. These missiles are enhanced SCUD missiles. They have been put together to make a SCUD Storm. They were put together in a hexagonal shape. They are capable of reaching a distance behind Japan. So they capable of reaching Tokyo

 

Economy:

North Korea is communist state in a traditional left wing sense. It believes in equality and does not have one ruler that controls the country. Itís economy started to fall apart because of the start of the nuclear program. Many of the workers left their work and started working in the nuclear field.

Principal means of production owned by state through state-run enterprises or cooperative farms. Prices, wages, trade, budget, and banking are under strict government control. Growth rate 1984-90 averaged about 3 percent annually. Poor domestic economic performance; gross national product (GNP) went down 3.7 percent in 1990 and down 5.2 percent in 1991. Total 1991 GNP US$22.9 billion, or US$1,038 per capita. This is as poor as Africa. Withdrawal of Soviet aid in 1991 negatively affected economy. Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries: Traditional source of employment and income but under party rule, secondary to industry. Completely collectivized by 1958. Estimated 18 percent land, agricultural use, approximately 25 percent GNP. Principal crops: rice, corn, potatoes, soybeans, and pulses. It's largely self-sufficient in food production, but reported food shortages. Growth in agriculture, forestry, and fisheries sector 2.8 percent in 1991 and increase in rice and other crops offset decrease in fish products.

North Koreaís industry is mainly made out of machine building, military products, electric power, chemicals, mining, metallurgy, textiles, and food processing. Manufacturing concentrates on heavy industry; ratio of heavy to light industry in 1990 was 8:2. In 1991 oil imports fell 25 percent; coal production, 6.5 percent; and electricity generation, 5.2 percent. Shortages in oil, coal, and electricity in 1991 led to idled plants and 13.4 percent decrease in manufacturing output. Labor: Labor force estimated at about 11.2 million in mid-1990 approximately 33.5 percent agricultural, down from about 43 percent agricultural in mid-1980. There's a shortage of skilled and unskilled labor. Currency and Exchange Rate: 1 won = 100 chon. As of December 1991, US$1 = 97.1 chon.

 

Views on World Problems:

North Korea is a threat to the stability of its region. However, with the nuclear reactor and weapons it makes a bigger threat. It uses threats to shape the countries as she wishes. As it has done to various countries such as Japan and South Korea as an example.

North Korea belongs in the following parties It is in ARF (dialogue partner), ESCAP, FAO, G-77, ICAO, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, IMO, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO. It does not ratify the ICJ.

With the war on terrorism on its way, the US has North Korea on its lists. We can say that all of the countries against the USA are our friends. They share the same aspect on the USA as we do. In the Nation talks North Korea is playing around over there. We are getting what we want, and making China and Russia defend us. So the USA canít do anything except giving us aid. Even if they donít South Korea will fear our Nukes and will give us the aid like what happened in 2001

Inter-Korean relations had not improved measurably. In fact, a few weeks ago the head leaders met in Seoul and discussed the future of the two countries. It was stated in a public paper the next day that the meeting went well.

Economic relations have demonstrated more promise. An authorized public visit to North Korea by Chong Chu-yong, honorary chairman of the Hyundai Group, in early 1989 (in technical violation of South Korea's National Security Act) was a remarkable breakthrough. After years of behind-the-scene efforts, through a South Korean intermediary in Japan, Chong was invited by Pyongyang and fulfilled his long-cherished dream to see his relatives at his native village, near scenic Kumgang-san. Chong was received in P'yongyang by Ho Tam, Chairman of the Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of the Fatherland, and by business leaders eager to discuss large-scale economic cooperation, such as joint ventures and development of the tourist industry. Chong's visit caused euphoric expectations and also engendered other visits.

North Korea has bad relations with the USA since they have started their nuclear program. The USA wants North Korea to disarm its nuclear weapons immediately. The USA has denied many of North Koreaís requests to the six party talks and they still want them to disarm their nuclear arsenals. The USA has taken away many of North Koreaís aids, but thanks to South Korea, the aids were restored.

Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov pointed to the dynamic development of relations between Russia and North Korea since the signing of the fundamental treaty on friendship and cooperation between our countries in Pyongyang some two years ago. Moscow "assigns priority to regular exchange of personal messages by the Russian and North Korean leaders and to Kim Jong-il's special attention to the Russian authorities and the Russian Embassy in Pyongyang," Igor Ivanov stressed. Russian President Vladimir Putin also pays special attention to relations with North Korea, he said. The Russian Foreign Minister said that he was "happy to greet the North-Korean guest in Moscow". According to him, the Tuesday talks will focus on bilateral relations and vital international issues.

In public and for the world we say that we have an excellent relationship with Japan. However, what we are actually doing is blackmailing them into paying us millions of US dollars so that we donít fire one of our nukes at them. Years ago they thought we were bluffing however, when we shot a test scud that went over them they feared, and that was what started our new so called economic relationship with Japan. They pay us off, and we donít kill them.

 

History

After Japan's surrender at the conclusion of World War II, the Korean peninsula was divided into two occupation zones. The USSR controlled the north, with the U.S. taking charge of the south. In 1948, the division was made permanent with the establishment of the separate regimes of North and South Korea. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) was established on May 1, 1948, with Kim Il Sung as president.

Hoping to unify the Koreas under a single Communist government, the North launched a surprise invasion of South Korea on June 25, 1950. In the following days, the UN Security Council condemned the attack and demanded an immediate withdrawal. . The North Korean invaders swiftly seized Seoul and surrounded the allied forces in the peninsula's southeast corner near Pusan Kim Il Sung's death on July 8, 1994, introduced a period of uncertainty, as his son, Kim Jong Il, KIM's son, the current ruler KIM Jong Il, was officially designated as KIM's successor in 1980 and assumed a growing political and managerial role until his father's death in 1994. He assumed full power without opposition. After decades of economic mismanagement and resource misallocation, the North since the mid-1990s has relied heavily on international aid to feed its population while continuing to expend resources to maintain an army of about 1 million. North Korea's long-range missile development and research into nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and massive conventional armed forces are of major concern to the international community.

In December 2002, following revelations it was pursuing a nuclear weapons program based on enriched uranium in violation of a 1994 agreement with the United States to freeze and ultimately dismantle its existing plutonium-based program, North Korea expelled monitors from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). In January 2003, it declared its withdrawal from the international Non-Proliferation Treaty. In mid-2003 Pyongyang announced it had completed the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel rods (to extract weapons-grade plutonium) and was developing a "nuclear deterrent." From August 2003, North Korea has participated on and off in six-party talks with the China, Japan, Russia, South Korea, and the United States to resolve the stalemate over its nuclear programs.

 

 

 

Policy Statements:

 

Issue #1: The Question of detention without trial in the war on terrorism:

A concentration camp is a large detention center created for political opponents, enemy aliens, specific ethnic or religious groups, civilians of a critical war-zone, or other groups of people, often during a war.North Korea is known to operate five concentration camps, currently accommodating a total of over 200,000 prisoners who have all been a problem of our leader. The number of camps saw a marked increase later in the course of cementing the Kim Il Sung dictatorship and the Kim Jong-il succession. About a dozen concentration camps were in operation until the early 1990s, the figure of which is believed to have been curtailed to five today due to increasing criticism of the North's perceived human rights abuses from the international community and the North's internal situation.All of the people have been put in prison just because they have been suspected of assasinating our leader and to cause terrorist attacks in the country. However, non of them have succeded.

The DPRK is feels that the USAís policy is wrong, They have no right imprisoning people without fair and just trial for terrorism. Since we as a left winged nation all people are equal and they all have the same rights. So they would all receive a fair trial. So, we think that what the United States is doing is wrong. " Who is the US to detain people without trial just because they think they will commit a terrorist attack. This is wrong and proves that North Korea is even more democratic than the US because we have no such thing." Stated by Kim Il Sung Jr.

 

Issue #2: Improving the living conditions of Africa:

N. Korea is truly affected by this issue in an indirect way. The US is seeking to destroy socialism and we are socialists as are most African country. Africa is often presented as a continent afflicted with problems so immense that they seem beyond solution. It's a continent torn by war, famine and poverty. A region where things keep getting worse; in short, a place which has little hope of ever flourishing. It's a misleading image. United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan called on Europe on Wednesday to help improve living conditions in Africa. The US gives almost 25% of the African countessís budgets to them. That money isnít used for good it is used for buying weapons and it is wasted. The United States is clearly doing that to keep these poor countries on welfare. Their goal is to get rid of socialism in Africa. They are also giving them food, which helps the US but does not help these African countries (economic wise). However, the European countries are helping them so that they may improve them status. Also the UNAIDS and the UNICEF are helping them too. Cuba is helping them by selling generic drugs to help them with their AIDS problems.

So we are truly angered by what the United States is doing to those peopleís governments. We would to see the UN supporting these socialist governments and help them grow and not decease. If they help them then they may come and help the Asian countries with their poverty problems. If they do that them we wouldnít eat tree bark any more. So we do support the UN for its actions, and we hope that they condemn the US on what they are doing so that we may get this aid in the near future.

 

Issue #3: The control and guidance on the media:

As our religion is said to Jurchi so this means that we all must follow what our leader says, and NO one is entitled to his or her own opinion. So that is why North Korea has restricted its media so that no stupid anti-Korean guy can say what ever he wants and start a revolution against our leader. Many people have gone to jail because they have violated our media law which states that no one is entitled to say what ever they want to the Korean public. This is the best and perfect way to control the media. We only have on newspaper and one radio station and any one who violates any media guidance rule shall be put in jail.

It s weird but we support the US for its policy to control the media. The media shouldnít have the right to publish whatever they want and state whatever they want. So controlling it and restricting it is the best way to solving this problem so that they may not violate the right of people by saying stuff about them.

 

Issue #4: Towards eliminating arms proliferation:

This issue does not actually relate to North Korea directly. How ever it does affect us in a way that we know that the US is one of the top traders of these weapons and that if we can catch them in doing so then we would be in trouble and they in a way would lose some of its power. In North Korea we are dealing with Weapons of Mass Destruction not small arms and rifles. Now this issue is the best the united states is the number one seller of small arms to the whole world and now they want us not to do the same where is the justice in that so we will sell and accuire small arms just because the US is doing that and since our main goal is to teach the US that they are not the super power of the world and one day they will be crushed. More than 500 million military style hand-held weapons exist now- enough to arm every 12th human on earth - and millions more are produced each year, reports a new World watch study released today. Violence fed by the uncontrolled spread of these weapons is further destabilizing societies already ravaged by war, poverty, and environmental degradation. The US is tricking the seller into selling them legitimately and then they turn the table on them and say that they had nothing to do with these sellers and arrest them. All of the P5 is doing the same thing and they are known to be the top distributors of small arms

Since almost none of the United Nations resolutions have captured any one that sells these small arms. North Korea has found a way to tackle this issue from its root. The world wants world peace so if we ban the manufacturers of these small arms then they wont be able to give them off to a mad warlord and start a war with them.

 

Issue #5: Integration of women in development:

This is a perfect example on how communism is the best policies. Women in N. Korea are equal to men, and they all have the same rights. They are all contributing part of the N. Korean society, and we would like to thank them for that. Many of our woman have climed up the success lader. For example Woo kim jung is one of our top Nuclear Physists and is a main contributer in our Nuclear Programm. Also we have lots of other woman who are engneers and are our top doctors in the Korean military.

We would like our policy to be supported by the UN because we have caused peace to roam throught our lands, by providing people there rights. So Communism is the way to go because all of the people are equal and no one is better that the other.

 

 

 

Resolution

Delegation: DPRK (North Korea)
Forum: GA
Issue: The Issue #4: Towards eliminating arms proliferation
Conference: Pearl MUN 2006

Alarmed by the fact that Global military expenditure and arms trade is also the largest spending in the world at 900 billion dollars, annually.

Deeply concerned In modern conflicts over 80 percent of all casualties have been civilian. 90 percent of these are caused by small arms.

Noting with regret that recent UN reports show how these weapons are illicitly exported, transported with the connivance of government officials in many countries and smuggled into war zones.

Deeply disturbed that in some countries such as Kenya it bordering countries automatic weapons are so cheap they can be bought in exchange for a chicken or a few pounds of rice.

Expressing its appreciation that the UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, held 9-20 July 2001 has brought down the trade level by about 15% in the last few years.

Notes the children under the 15 have used these weapons to kill their fellow citizens in some tribal wars that are going on in Africa

Amazed that the United States of America has signed on resolution 54/54V which states: That no country can sell any weapon to any small time dealer and that weapons can only be sold to legitimate countries.

Alarmed that the United Stated has violated the resolution 54/54V and has sold small arms to small time bossiness men, and sold them indirectly to war lords.

1.Calls upon the formation of a United Nations Organization on the Ban of Small Arms Trade( UNOBSAT) that will:
a. Be held in Geneva, Switzerland and will meet annually;
b. Requests that member president of other small arms conventions to be present such as the
i. President of the UNCASA (United Nations Conventional Arms Branch Agency)
ii. President of the UNDDCA (United Nations Department for Disarmament of Conventional Arms)
c. Countries who have already signed with those agencies have been automatically signed with resolution because:
i. This resolution deals with stopping the trade of small arms and those agency's goals in a way are to do so
ii. Countries who support those agencies mean that they want to stop the trade of arms so this resolution does do that;

2. Resolves that the manufacturing of small arms shall be put to an end by:
a. Countries signing this resolution may not manufacture small arms in anyway except if they are used for military purposes
b. Decreasing manufacturing companies in the nation to a maximum of three companies
c. Countries are not allowed to sell these weapons to any one for any reason what ever it may be;

3. Further Resolves that countries will have annual check up that will consist of
a. Investigators gathered from the previous organizations that look and the records of weapons made and where they have gone
b. These investigators will report back to the UNOBSAT with all the information such as:
i. How much money was the raw material bought with,
ii. What is the amount of weapons that may be produced with the purchased material,
iii. Where these material have been made
iv. Where these weapons have been stored or to which military base has it been send to,
v. If there is any illegitimacy in the document that causes suspicion,
c. Countries who have signed on to this resolution have agreed for these investigators to enter this also applies for countries that have automatically signed;

4. Confirms that countries that are willing to join the UNOBSAT will receive the following incentives
A. Economic privileges between the member nations,
i. In the form of trade agreements
ii. In the form of future development plans
B. the up-to-date security devices that will help reveal locations of weapons
C. Having a small branch in each of the member countries that will help in the elimination or control of small arms;

5. Affirms that any violations of this organizations rules shall not be tolerated because
a. Any violators will not receive the economic privileges that have been mentioned above
b. Will be referred to the SC because this is a violation of this UN organization and many other organizations if the country has signed with other organizations
c. A list will be created which states all nations who have sold these weapons illegally and this list will be a form of a terrorist list because trading small arms helps in starting wars and terrorist acts.

6. Ascertains that this organization has and will not violate the national sovereignty of any nation because this organization is there for the benefit of the nation and to help bring peace also as stated above this is a major issue and any country which has signed with UNCASA or the UNDDCA have automatically signed with us because we tackle the same issue.

 

 

 

Opening Speech:


We would like to welcome all of the nations except for the ignorant capitalists who are roaming the world saying that they wish to spread democracy. Well we donít need you to help us spread democracy just because you are one of the P5 that does not give you the right to do what ever you want.

We today as s representative of North Korea I will be the one who will speak up for the small nations who have feared the United States of America. As stated by our Kim Il Sung jr.

"We will continue to support our ally Cuba until the United States of America stops harassing us and for once in a life time deal with its own problems." This was said by the son of our great leader and it clearly shows how North Korea feels about this issue and the United States of America May god not bless America, but bless all the other nations.

Thank you.

 

 

 

Statement of the Delegate:


To my dear leader,

My Lord you should be proud that you have named me the ambassador of North Korea. We have successfully completed our mission in Pearl MUN. We turned almost every single country against the USA even their closest of allies. The resolution that we submitted passed with all of the countries voting for except for the USA and Sierra Leon. We have trashed the USAís resolution and totally humiliated them in front of the General Assembly. We shall continue doing this if you shall allow us to stay for further conferences, so that we may do the same thing. This will eventually prove that North Korea is truly more democratic than the USA, and that we deserve to have a Nuclear Program.