Countries: Various

Event: Pearl-MUN 2006




All GA Resolutions




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Countries Represented


1. Albania/Bulgaria Nourhan Abdullah-not chosen for debate

2. Algeria/??? Tala Cheik-not chosen for debate
3. Armenia/Spain Noor Al-Fayez-not chosen for debate
4. Cambodia/Norway Ahmed Hadi-not debated
5. China/N Korea Lulu Al-Rodaini-passed
6. Cuba/Iran Yusef Khalaf-not debated
7. Estonia/Georgia Ghada Habib-not chosen for debate
8. Liberia/Nigera Mohammad Smoul-passed
9. USA/Dom Rep Dana Khader-failed


The Resolutions


QUESTION OF: Improving the living conditions in Africa

Main submitter: Albania

Co-submitter: Bulgaria, Malaysia, Nepal , Singapore, Netherlands, Germany, South Korea, Indonesia, Italy, Armenia

Expresses its appreciation to the ongoing efforts of the UNIDO and the WFP in their endeavor to eradicate poverty in Africa,

Noting with deep concern that ignorance is a leading cause of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa,

Convinced that the improvement of the living conditions in Africa and the creation of jobs are interlinked and that the first cannot happen without the second,

Confident that the progression of the quality of education in Africa is the single most effective prevention method of poverty once jobs are established;

1. Calls upon the formation of the United Nations African Relief Organization (UNARO) in cooperation with the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), which will;

2. Calls for the formation of a national committee under the authorities of the ILO and UNIDO, which will;
A. Comprise of a research stage where it studies its nation's natural resources, agricultural capabilities, and people so as to determine that nations strengths and weaknesses,
B. Formulate factories/workshops/businesses according to the information accumulated from the data conceived from the research stage,
C. Include community centers, where they do not exist, in order to help establish and further develop the local communities' skills needed for employment,
D. Assure that all members of this committee will be experts within the required fields for each aspect of this committee and will be picked by the UNARO,
E. Provide free housing for employees working in the jobs established by the UNARO;

3. Resolves an education committee in each nation as a branch of the UNARO which will;
A. Establish schooling more affordable and attractive by meeting the following requirements if necessary;
B. Put massive investments in education and teacher training,
C. Completely overhaul of the curriculum so that it has more relevance to local needs and situations,
D. Offer a free and adequate lunch meal for attending students,
E. Raise public awareness on and off school grounds about sexually transmitted diseases as a form of combating the HIV/AIDS epidemic,
F. Provide international scholarships for excelling students to study abroad,

4. Assures of a free health care committee in each nation as a branch of the UNARO, which will;
A. Open local hospitals beginning with the areas suffering the most and gradually across the continent,
B. Offer free vaccines, examinations, and so forth,
C. Establish free nightly seminars raising public awareness about disease prevention and symptoms for early detection,
D. Assure all members of the health care committee will be experts or at least experienced in the field of medicine,

5. Affirms of the establishment of a food committee also in each nation as a branch of the UNARO, which will;
A. Work in close coordination with the World Food Program (WFP),
B. Provide all food for any other UNARO committee,
C. Formulate food centers in local areas where free food is distributed to locals and first priority is given to the poor and starving,
D. Comprise of volunteer members of the UNARO,

6. Further resolves of the formation of an export/import committee as a branch of the UNARO, which will;
A. Build and create various forms of transportation both across vast oceans and local neighboring countries,
B. Consist of professionals that are experts in international and national trade and or are experts in the field of transportation methods;

7. Requests that all capable nations annually provide a minimum 1000 volunteers for annual contracts;

8. Confirms that all volunteers will receive salaries from the UNARO;

9. Strongly urges all UN member nations to coordinate their efforts in improving the living conditions of Africa by joining and providing volunteers for the UNARO.

 

 

Issue: the integration of woman in development
Forum: the general assembly
Main submitter: Algeria
Main co-submitter: Ahmad Gameili

Noting that the majority of refugees and displaced persons today are woman and children,

Congratulating nations that have empowered woman by allowing woman to become full participants in their societies through various initiatives and programs that increased participation,

Recalling the issue of the trafficking of persons whereby woman are treated as modern-day slaves,

Bearing in mind the HIV/AIDS crisis and continued commitment of nations in eradicating the problem,

Congratulating the Security Council in highlighting the important role of woman in helping their societies recover and rebuild,

Reminding nations of the indispensable work of the international committee of the Red Cross, woman and war project which specifically addressed the needs of women in situations of armed conflict;

1. Urges: countries to participate in the destruction of the line that separates woman from men in workplace, in education ad daily lives to:
A. Create a worldwide "women’s remembrance day" to teach us all about how women have helped change the world in many numerous ways,
B. Accelerate the amount of women hired in the workplace by encouraging gender equality in hiring,
C. Require all girls to attend school by opening up more schools for girls both public and private,
D. Admit more and more young women that qualify to attend universities by handing out scholarships more readily boys and girls, or by recommending them into some community collages,
E. Eliminate all differences in pay based on gender in the workplace by removing the glass ceiling that women receive in difference of pay than that of men,
F. Allow women to apply for any job position by eliminating discrimination based on gender,
G. Assure that women get the permission to vote and be able to become high ranking government officials,
H. Promote woman equality;

2. Welcoming women into the army and allowing them to defend their countries;

3. Requests all nations to adopt a strategy seeking to prevent the transmission of HIV/AIDS from mothers to infants and to improve the health care of woman;

4. Calls upon Israel to facilitate the return of all refugees and displaced Palestinian women and children to their homes and properties, in compliance with the relevant United Nations resolution,

 

 

Delegation: The Republic of Armenia
Delegate: Noor Al-Fayez
The Question of: Detention without Trial in the War on Terrorism

Affirming that detention without trial is the violation of human rights,

Defining human rights as a right or rights (for instance to freedom of speech, freedom of movement, certain standards of life or treatment) which are believed to belong to every person and individual, and are those basic standards without which people cannot live in dignity; To violate someone’s human rights is to treat that person as though she or he were not a human being; To advocate human rights is to demand that the human dignity of all people be respected,

Pointing Out that suspects of terrorism are put in detention whether they have direct or indirect relations with the act, and therefore, are simply "suspects",

Bearing in Mind the controversy the UN could arouse through the public on its decision of the question,

Demands that the UN takes decent procedures in solving this issue by not declining suspects of their humanitarian rights; such as providing them with a high-quality trial, giving the suspects a basic chance to explain themselves,

Confirms that this resolution is about THE DETENTION, not the trial, therefore, wishing to express the fact, yet again, that detention without trial is a disgrace to the human race and we as UN delegates must end this dishonor,

Acknowledges that there is a vast media throughout the world and yet we are not taking good advantage of it by informing the public on how serious this issue is; yes there is the internet but many people around the world do not go to websites in which inform about terrorism,

Informing the Delegates that this resolution is not about how the trial of the suspects shall take action, but actually finding a solution to whether or not these suspects shall have a trial, once the votes are added and decided, then the UN or the organization may decide to take action on the issue of the trial itself,

1) Further wishes to acknowledge the fact that this trial might add a list of leads of where the rest of the terrorists are, and the major question of "Where is the Leader;"

2) Therefore the formation of HOoTWO (Humanitarian Organization of The Worlds Opinion) should be formed by six representatives of multi religions, cultures, and nationalities from countries that are not suffering from major issues such as starvation, civil war, and unstable communities (this is only logical because the question shall not be on their "top list" of priorities to ponder on), and it is not necessary for the country to have been affected by terrorism;

3) Duties of which will be called upon from them are:
A. Collecting poll results from their public immediately, from people ranging from 18-69 and are in good health mentally, of whether or not they believe these suspects deserve a trial or not, and whether or not they believe detention without trial is the violation of the suspect's rights,
B. Organizing a unique workshop by the six representatives is vital in informing the public of their actions and goals with the organization they represent; The workshop will provide people with basic information on the suspects, their actions, and their backgrounds; At the end of each workshop (please note that each group of representatives will be designing their OWN workshop for their country, there will not be one SINGLE way of presenting the workshop, since the representatives will adapt their workshop to the situations in their countries, since they know their country best);

4) Votes shall be collected by each representative (it is not mandatory that the public participates) and shall send the results to the head of the organization; It is the head of the organization's responsibility to guide the representatives through the process of creating a successful workshop that will convince the audience and public to either accept or decline the right of trial for these suspects;

5) Specific qualities will be looked for when picking the representatives such as the fact that these representatives must have had at LEAST a master's degree in political science/law or the study of foreign affairs. The representatives must be hardworking, honest, and a good model of his/her country;

6) Further background information will need to be provided when the representatives apply for their position:
A) Full Name,
B) A copy of the representatives ID and birth certificate,
C) Majoring fields in which he or she excels at,
D) A copy of their health files and information,
E) Profile of where he/she lives, and works at;

7) Note that each representative and head of the organization shall be picked by his or her country's representative in the UN,

8) Workshops worldwide will take place on the same day, a date given by the head of the organization,

9) Workshops must not take up more time than 5 hours, and results must be sent in at the MAX of five days after the specific date of the workshop.

10) Wishes to end the resolution with the fact that once each countries votes are added up, the information must be sent to the head of the organization, which will result in the adding up of all the votes worldwide,
A) Whether the votes agree or decline the right, the UN shall take the action of the votes that make up the majority of the people’s opinions,

 

 

ISSUE: The integration of women in development
COUNTRY: The Kingdom of Cambodia
MAIN SUBMITTER: The Kingdom of Cambodia
Main Co- Submitter: Norway
Co-Submitter: Russia, Sierra Leone, Dominican Republic, Canada, Singapore, Philippines, Senegal, Chad, Sweden. Ireland

Recognising the issue of women in development, and recognising to recognise the issue from an economic and social perspective,

Emphasising on the imperative importance of world economic growth and development to the effective recruitment and integration of women in the economy,

Believing that the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) plays a huge role in improving women’s access to development co-operation resources,

Pointing out that women of the world are not given the credit for their potential and workmanship. They are also not given the chance they need to prove them self's in the society,

Taking into account that throughout the years the world has made agencies that have failed because they didn’t focus on the picture,

Fully believing that when the world allows women to be fully represented this will show the capability of women; and the world will make decisions that would be accepted by both male and female,

Deeply disturbed by the fact that only nine out of 178 countries have more than 1/3 female representation, the nine countries are: USA, Canada, Switzerland, Norway, UK, France, Russia, Denmark, and Germany,

Congratulating: the agreement that the Commission on the Status of Women should place fitting importance on issues of women and development,

1. Resolves to create Women’s Development Centres (WDC) that will,
A. Be safe meeting places for women to discuss their priories,
B. Gain access to social services such as legal/psychosocial support and childcare,
C. Provide women with health, education, literacy classes, income-generation, and vocational skills training, and computer training;

2. Urges the countries in the UN in the economic and development fields to improve the status of women in the world;

3. Recognising that women’s status around the world is influenced by a combination of factors including cultural and religious beliefs access to education as well as economic and political opportunities and conditions, about the violence against women, which is one of the most widespread violations of human rights;

4. Using the GAINS methodology, our objectives are to Produce, manage and make available to a network users gender-aware knowledge and information:
A. Gather, organise and make available gender-aware research findings like training practices and other related knowledge and information, especially from the developing world,
B. Engender mainstream research and identify training gaps; like training gender issues, global issues, and to make them find new ideas to integrate women in the society;

5. Calls upon the creation of witness protection program to help women report gender-based violence;

6. Urges that a new drugs and alcohol research centres (DARC) be up in place to examine alcohol's role in sexual assault by,
A. Studying surveys of victims and perpetrators of sexual assault,
B. Laboratory studies that examine drugs and alcohol effects on human behaviour;

7. Stresses the support of local and regional initiatives such as:
A. The adoption and adaptation of a framework similar to African AIDS Action with consulting centers and production of anti-retroviral drugs that have proven to be effective,
B. Communication infrastructure programs;

8. Urges Governments to include measures for the involvement of women, both as agents and as beneficiaries, as part of their plan to integrate women in there society;

9. Resolves that the governing bodies of the development assistance organisations of the United Nations system continue and intensify efforts to promote the integration of women in development;

10. Calls upon making The WDS’s that’ll be of two types
A. Centres for women that have just come out of a relationship,
B. Centres for single women with children;

11. Calls for that global standards on women’s right must be set-up to advance gender equality by:
A. Supporting mew legislation,
B. Backing women’s leadership and equal representation,
C. Widening the space for women’s participation at peace tables,

12. Calls for gender justice which requires every aspect of justice to incorporate gender perspectives to change,
A. Discriminatory laws,
B. Address violation of human rights and war crimes,
C. Eliminate injustice stemming from political, economic and social inequalities,

13. Requests Governments to commit to advancing women’s status with international conventions and agreements such as the convention on eliminating of all forms of discrimination against women,

14. Expresses its hopes that the work of the United Nations will help integrating women effectively in economic development programmes and activities;

 

 

Delegate: People's Republic of China
Issue: Towards eliminating arms proliferation
Student: Lulu al-Rodaini.

Defining arms proliferation as the expansion and increase of weapons.

Having Studied that the major problems have come from the proliferation of small arms such as guns, pistols, grenades and rifles since they are cheap, easy to transport, and can be handled by ill trained rebel soldiers and even children

Alarmed by the fact that the uncontrolled spread of arms that is destabilizing societies and causing increased violence,

Noting With Regret that these excess arms are extremely liable to fall into the hands of terrorist groups since they have reached the hands of civilians.

Further Noting that the proliferation of arms is due to two major reasons: new arms production and the trade of second-hand arms from excess equipment of certain countries,

Taking Into Account the importance of having arms for self defense of a country when that country is not able to manufacture its own arms,

Aware of the UN's efforts in the implementation of the UN Program of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons,

1. Requests the creation of a UN sub-committee under the UN Program of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons (PoA) called the United Nations International Arms Removal Committee (UNIARC), headquartered in Beijing, China;

2. Resolves that member countries of this committee will consist of countries that are:
A. Sovereign independent nations,
B. Countries that have a strong independent military defense,
C. Countries that have a growing GDP,
D. Self sufficient in the manufacturing of arms for defense within the country,
E. Not encountering problems of terrorism and having internal stability within the country;

3. Further Resolves that the main tasks of the UNIARC will be to:
A. Keep records of the number and type of every arm produced in all countries by using our agents to make monthly inspections to the manufacturing sites, after getting the countries permission,
B. Keep track of all officially held guns,
C. Develop a special mark for each manufacturing country in which all their arms are marked indifferently to be able to identify and trace them,
D. Make sure that countries do not develop excessive amounts of arms
i. Experts will be stationed at manufacturing sites,
ii. Any recorded surplus of arms production will be informed to the UNIARC,
iii. The reasons behind the excessive production will be studied thoroughly,
E. Identify and destroy stock piles of unauthorized surplus weapons in countries;

4. Further requests that branches of the committee be available in all countries for the purposes of:
A. Keeping track and recording the quantity and type of the produced arms in a country,
B. Making sure that none of the produced arms go missing:
i. Weekly visiting the storage areas and manufacturing sites of arms,
ii. Comparing records to make sure that the numbers of stock piles increase or decrease according to aspects of production, distribution or import/ export,
iii. Keeping track of exported and distributed weapons,
C. Distributing authorized guns to specified civilians,
D. Exchanging information and statistics on arms in a country with that countries military or police system,
E. Investigating in the sources of the guns held by terrorists or in criminal acts that occur in a country,
F. Making sure that the disarmed guns are kept in a remote isolated guarded area in the country, which is specified by the committee for removal from the country;
G. Sending annual records and information of arm manufacture and export to the committee,
H. Making information exchange between the committee and the country easier;

5. Notes that the destruction and dismantlement will:
A. Take place in remote isolated uninhabited islands after the committee takes permission to enter that island if it is property of another country,
B. The committee will supply several helicopters for the movement of the arms,
C. The people who move the arms from countries taking them to the specified area to dismantle them will be professional weapon experts and scientists;

6. Further Notes that selling of weapons to countries that are not able to manufacture their own weapons for self defense is not prohibited; however, the committee will:
A. Make sure that this country is entirely not able to manufacture its own weapons,
B. Know the amount and type of weapons needed by those countries military for the purpose of self-defense,
C. Keep records of the amounts and type of every arm sold to that country and by which country it is sold,
D. Buying countries should inform the committee and the original supplier country if they were to re-export the weapons to other countries; reasons of that would be:
i. If the weapons were getting old and the country wanted to dispose of them and get new weapons;

7. Recommends that the committee will look into previous and current issues regarding the disarmament of ex combatants by collecting and destroying their weapons;

8. Notes that the UNIARC will draft an international law regarding the possession of weapons by civilians, which will include:
A. The mature age of which the civilian is allowed to posses a gun,
B. The reasons that enable that civilian to posses a gun:
i. Some people might need a gun for only a short period and after that decided period that person would be disarmed,
C. The number of guns that civilian is allowed to have,
D. The type of guns that a civilian is allowed to have,
E. Only civilians who have been trained and received a certificate of recognition that shows their credibility are allowed to handle a gun,
F. All of the above will be recorded and filed; these records will be kept in the branch of the Committee in the country,
G. These records will be checked weekly to make sure that none have gone over their given period of possessing a gun or for criminal acts that have occurred,
H. Places that are authorized to give supply guns by the committee will include experts from the branches of the committee;

9. Proclaims that any country which does not cooperate with the UNIARC will face sanctions, depending on the degree of seriousness and importance of the matter:
A. Being put on the "Terrorism Black List",
B. Being Prosecuted;

10. Further Proclaims that any country found to have distributed weapons to terrorists or unauthorized civilians or even engaged in an unauthorized process of selling and buying arms will face the following sanctions:
A. Being put on the "Terrorism Black List,"
B. Being Prosecuted;

11. Emphasizes that those countries who are not able to join the committee but would like to help are welcome to do so in various ways such as:
A. Locating missing stockpiles of arms,
B. Identifying terrorist groups and helping in their capture and disarmament,
C. Identifying individuals who were engaged in criminal acts and aiding in their capture and disarmament,
D. Keeping the disarmed weapons in their country until the committee sends experts and helicopters to gather the weapons and take them to the isolated islands to destroy and dismantle them,
E. The pieces of metals from the dismantled arms will be recycled by melting them in specialized factories located in member countries.

12. Further Emphasizes that the branches of the UNIARC will provide educational programs in all countries to:
A. Educate the children in schools about the destructive effect of arms proliferation,
B. Change the glorious picture that many children view guns with,
C. Organizing public awareness programs for the importance of eliminating arms proliferation to reach a peaceful stable society.

 

 

 

Country: The People's Republic of Cuba
Forum: GA
Issue: The Question of detention without trial in the war on terrorism:
Conference: Pearl MUN 2006

Fully alarmed by the fact that these acts are in direct violation of Article 1 in Chapter 1 of the UN charter which says, "The purposes of the United Nations are and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion."

Noting with regret that these acts are in direct violation of Articles 9, 10, 11 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which states, "No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention, or exile," and "Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing …," and "Everyone charged with a penal offense has the right to be presumed innocent until proved … No one shall be held guilty of any penal offense on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offense…" , respectively,

Deeply concerned by the fact that, according to the Human Rights Watch report, many countries like the USA, Israel, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia detains people without trial,

Alarmed by the fact that, according to President Bush and his administration, over 600 people have been arrested without trial in the USA and about 200 in Afghanistan,

Deeply disturbed by the fact that, according to a Human Rights Watch report, detainees at US bases are being mistreated and tortured,

Applauding the Human Rights Watch, according to a news report made by CNN, for helping many of the detainees in many different prisons with aid and offering psychiatrists to detainees who have been affected mentally,

Expressing its appreciation to the ICRC, who helped the detainees by sending in aid and helping many prisoners who have been affected mentally. and questioned the USA’s policy,

Taking into account that, according to the ICRC website, the ICRC is the only Non-Governmental Organization that is able to access a country’s prisons, even against the country’s will, without violating national sovereignty,

1. Calls upon the formation of a convention that will:
A. Be held in Geneva, Switzerland,
B. Have a representative of the UNHRC present,
C. Write a treaty that will help the ICRC in gathering and distributing aid;

2. Resolves that the treaty that will be written will:
A. Be written by the UNHRC
B. Help the ICRC by gathering aid,
i. From countries that are willing to send aid,
ii. Have conventions in many countries to increase awareness and gather aid,
iii. Individual donations,
C. Help the ICRC with transportation:
i. Planes to carry the aid over seas and to carry people that are volunteering to help;
ii. Jeeps to transport them on ground;
iii. Deals will be made with companies to get these vehicles and countries may send some;
D. Gather more people to help the ICRC:
i. Visiting many countries to gather volunteers,
ii. Communication,
1. TV commercials,
2. Signs in newspapers,
3. Posters and billboards,
4. Countries may provide more people if they wish,
iv. Have a press conference after the signing to make the public aware of the accomplishments,

3. Further resolves that the treaty will have a committee that will work under the convention and will:
A. Do the planning of all the things mentioned above like:
i. Visit the countries to gather the aid and volunteers,
ii. Form deals with the companies that will provide the transportation,
B. Meet monthly in their headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland to:
i. In their meetings they will discuss the things mentioned above,
C. Consist of,
i. Experienced negotiators so they can get the best deals with the companies that will offer the transportation,
ii. Administrative staff that will handle all the office work,
iii. Executive staff that will send monthly reports, after the meetings, to the UN mentioning what they accomplished and what their goals are,

4. Trusts that the UN hires all the people that are needed in the committee;

5. Affirms that the treaty will not violate national sovereignty because it is helping the ICRC and the ICRC is the only NGO that can access countries’ prisons without violating national sovereignty even against its will.

 

 

 

Issue: The Integration of Women in Development
Main Submitter: Estonia
Co-Submitters: Georgia, Egypt, Turkey, Japan, France, Australia, Bulgaria, and Spain
Forum: General Assembly

Recognizing the noteworthy contribution that women make to the economy and the major force that they represent for development in all sectors of the economy;

Regrets the frequent occurrences of violence against women and exploitation of the perceived physical weakness, domestically and sexually;

Congratulates nations that have empowered women by allowing them to become full participant s in their societies in various initiatives and programmes;

Further congratulating the Security Council in highlighting the important role of women in helping their societies to recover and rebuild;

1. Calls Upon the formation of The World Women Welfare Association (TWWWA) which will urge all governments, the private sector, and non governmental organizations to:
A. Promote awareness on the issue of discrimination and exploitation of women, why this is happening and how can we avoid it,
B. Recognize and enforce national, regional, and international laws pertaining to the protection of women,
C. Take action to remove structural and legal barriers as well as stereotypical attitudes to gender equality at work, and to begin positive steps to promote equal pay for equal work or work of equal value;

2. Resolves that TWWA will ensure that women will get their due rights with respect to enhance:
A. Primary education,
B. Guarantee the right to earn ones livelihood,
C. Show the right to have a strong part in decision making in his/her own society,
D. Help get full participation in government and political issues;

3. Urges governments to create and maintain a non-discriminatory and gender sensitive legal environment by reviewing the legislation with a view motivated to remove prejudiced requirements as soon as possible;

4. Recognizes the problem can never be fully solved unless the women who have already suffered abuse exposition are given proper rehabilitation to overcome physiological trauma that they have undergone;

5. Reiterates the continued support for development of women to ensure:
A. Proper growth and development,
B. Improved awareness,
C. Strict action against illegal abortion of the female fetus,

6. Taking note of the stigma surrounding women infected by HIV/AIDS or other communicable diseases,

7. Recommends urgent steps to reduce the stigma by:
A. Strengthening the legal framework to protect the human rights of people with HIV/AIDS,
B. Creates supportive environments to reduce stigma through national and community-based communication initiatives to combat fear and misinformation,
C. Improves community-based self-help services with HIV/AIDS,
D. Increase inaccessibility to affordable antiretroviral (ARV) therapy.

 

 

FORUM: General Assembly
QUESTION OF: improving living conditions in Africa
MAIN SUBMITTER: Liberia
MAIN CO-SUBMITTER: Nigeria
COSUBMITTERS: Chad, Canada, Niger, and 15 others

Fully believing that the best possible way to eliminate a problem is by cutting its roots, and that depending on international aid, although it is necessarily at some time, will not solve the issue of famine and food security in Africa in the long run,

Recalling that millions of people world wide are at risk of starvation, of which 40 million are in Africa, not only due to climatic conditions and natural disasters but also due to malnutrition and diseases like HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, etc. taking into consideration that the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that every year 40%-50% of the population of Sub-Saharan Africa goes hungry,

Noting with deep concern that not many long-term projects have been made to develop and revolutionize Africa industrially, economically, socially, and technologically, and that countless African nations are paying more than twice on debts what they are on health, infrastructure, and investments,

Alarmed that one in every two girls in Ethiopia will marry before her 18Th. birthday, that thousands of girls are abducted to serve as soldiers, domestic servants, and sexual slaves in Uganda. Rape, marital rape, domestic violence, trafficking, harmful customary and traditional practices, violence and torture during conflict; forced marriages and early marriages are increasing at an alarming rate fueling HIV infections amongst women and girls;

1. Calls upon all African states to become part of United League of African Nations (ULAN), which will operate under the supervision of the untied nation:
A. All states involved in the ULAN will send representatives to meet every four months in Geneva, Switzerland, to work towards solving the issue of famine, disease and food security in Africa,
B. World exports in marketing and as well as dedicated agencies that have considerable interests in health and development issues such as the World health organizations and UNISCO, are invited to participate as advisors in the performance of the ULAN,
C. Requests the secretary general to supply ULAN with materials, resources, and equipment it needs to complete its mission,

2. Designates the fundamental goals of the ULAN will work on reaching as:
A. Improving the education in African countries and especially empowering the primary, elementary, and high school curriculums and introducing modern advancements over time while preserving their cultural heritage,
B. Building properly the infrastructures of countries that asks for assistance and providing some funds for African countries helping in industrializing their countries,
C. Helping combat the problem of unemployment by opening small businesses, providing them with interest-free loans and asking export professors from the World University Service of Canada (WUSC) to help Africans administer those businesses,
D. Cooperating with African countries to promote worldwide investments in agriculture across Africa, properly distributing farms and properly distributing crops and providing farmers with up-to-date equipment and resources like fertilizers etc.,
E. Working with the African Union to facilitate the process of establishing a United African Currency by asking economically powerful countries to back up the project in times of crisis,
E. Bringing in expert engineers to construct ways of bringing water from rivers into areas affected by droughts through a well knit network of channels an initiating the building process of water transfer to those lands, and promote the process as an industry in Africa to create jobs for the people,
F. Helping the United Nations and other organizations in rapid distribution of aid and medicine to areas in need, helping the UN and other organizations in improving the distribution of aids and medicine at reasonable prices to areas in need, and to make sure that it reaches every strata of society,
G. Helping countries across Africa build dams and establish solar energy power plants in flat arid sunlit zones of Africa to benefit from the free source of energy and electricity and drastically lessen the burden of energy on their economy,
H. Requesting that multinational corporations help politically and economically viable African countries start investing at international levels in worldwide markets,
I. Coordinating with the World Health Organizations in better educating people about HIV/AIDS disease and its prevention, improving AIDS treatment and care, and making AIDS medications more widely available, also encouraging family parental counseling and exchange programs between developed and developing countries incorporating male and female doctors from developed nation to train men and women in developing states to emphasize a gender cooperative environment,
J. Working with the IMF, the World Bank, and creditors in canceling many debts on African nations to enable them improve their suffering economic stances;

3. Request relevant governments in Africa to form its League of Tribes (LOT) to resolve important issues such as but not limited to tribal conflicts in its country by:
A. Creating special green zones which enables different tribal leaders within a country to negotiate over issues which are locally disputed upon,
B. Calling for cooperative work between different tribes to build their country’s infrastructure, modernize it, and/or improve its agriculture,
C. Inviting tribes to help carry out plans set by the ULAN;

4. Encourages the Red Cross and the Red Crescent to intensify their efforts in Africa by:
A. Building hospitals in remote areas,
B. Providing more medicines for the common diseases in Africa like AIDS, malnutrition and hepatitis,
C. Asking qualified volunteers to go to secluded villages in Africa to help those in need;

5. Encourages the local governments to establish more educational institutions and thereby try to imbibe an outlook based on gender equity in the local population to:
A. Ensure equal status to women,
B. Make reservations for women in the political structure,
C. Ban social evils like female infanticide, child marriage and the like,
D. Encourage local courts to hear cases of physical or psychological abuse to women;

6. Strongly urges the world community to bond together and coordinate its efforts to help improve the living conditions of Africa and to inform the ULAN about any possible solution to the problem worthy of being implemented.

 

 

Delegate: USA
Issue: Detention without trial in war on terrorism

Defines The "War on Terrorism" is a campaign by the American, British, and their allies' governments with the stated goal of ending international terrorism by stopping those groups identified by the U.S. as terrorist groups and ending state sponsorship of terrorism,

Deeply bothered that The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of co-ordinated terrorist attacks upon the United States of America,

Disturbed that approximately 3,000 people died in the attacks and a number of buildings were damaged or destroyed,

Realising that terror and violence never paves the way to justice but only leads to more violence and terror.

Deeply concerned that Asia suffered the most deaths as a result of terrorist attacks; a total of 9,713 perished there from 1995 to 2000. Africa follows with 5,762 deaths for the 6-year period.

Further realising that The Middle East comes next with 2,190, and Western Europe with1,212. North America had the least number of dead, with only seven during that period. Asia has the highest number of deaths in a single year for any region, with 5,639 dead in 1995.

Keeping into consideration that On March 28, the US Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld suggested that detainees who had not been tried, or those who had been tried, might nevertheless be kept in detention "for the duration of the conflict".

Understands that the United States is entitled to hold the prisoners while active hostilities continued. This principle is recognised in the Third Geneva Convention and the First Additional Protocol, and is an established part of customary international law.

Deeply concerned that In Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Yemen and other countries, scores of people have been arrested and detained in connection with suspected terrorist acts or links to opposition armed groups

Realises that until 2005, 11 men remained in high security detention in the UK under the Anti-Terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001,

1. Defines detention without trial in war on terrorism not including torture like:
A. Being respected as human beings,
B. Allow to keep their clothes,
C. Given medical care,
D. Supplied with adequate food;

2. Declares the writing of an additional protocol to Geneva Convention that will:
A. Not allow any organisations to enter any country and know on their door telling them that they want to check them except with the permission of the USA,
B. Try to have more trials for prisoners
C. Add more rights for prisoners, which are:
i. Allow lawyers to visit the prisoner if they had one, which should be supervised,
ii. Allow visiting time to be more than 1 time per week, but should be supervised, and search about the person visiting, which should be a relative,
iii. Not be forced to do military work,
iv. Not deprived of money but at the same time keep it saved for them until their release,
D. Have incentives to countries that sign this resolution, which are:
i. Additional aid in war on terrorism, which will be supplied by the USA
ii. Economic aid,
iii. Natural disaster help,
iv. Dropping some sanctions,

3. Emphasises that countries that sign this resolution will be:
A. On a country list that shows who are the countries that have nothing to hide
B. Asked for their opinion in every decision taken by the USA;

4. Further Emphasises that any country that doesn’t sign on this resolution will:
A. Be known as the country that obviously has terrorist suspects,
B. Be know as the country that is causing all these terrorist attacks,
C. Not have any relations with the USA like,
i. Stop trading economically,
ii. Have embargoes on the country,

5. Declares that this protocol will contain the following:
A. The prisoners must not be paid if they worked for military forces as the Geneva Convention is doing,
B. Must not be allowed to have any sort of communication with relatives and not to receive relief parcels except if they were controlled and an expert in analysing agrees on the parcels,
C. Give the prisoners the kind of health care they need,
D. Prisoners wont be released until tried and proven innocent, other then that no one will be let out;

6. Further recognises that Cuba is one of the countries that isn't giving their prisoners a frail trial and they are torturing them which is what any deteriorate country would do,

7. Urges all countries to support USA because it doesn’t want to gives everyone their human rights but at the same time not allow any terrorists go without the fair consequence they deserve,