Country: Tanzania


Event: KITMUN 2006

Students: Dalal Al-Jassim



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Tanzania




The Tanzanian National Anthem


Tanzania

Original Kiswahili Words

Mungu ibariki Afrika
Wabariki Viongozi wake
Hekima Umoja na
Amani Hizi ni ngao zetu
Afrika na watu wake.

CHORUS
Ibariki Afrika Ibariki Afrika
(repeat)

Tubariki watoto wa Afrika.
Mungu ibariki Tanzania
Dumisha uhuru na Umoja
Wake kwa Waume na Watoto
Mungu Ibariki Tanzania na watu wake.

CHORUS
Ibariki Tanzania Ibariki Tanzania
Tubariki watoto wa Tanzania.

English:

God Bless Africa.
Bless its leaders.
Let Wisdom Unity and
Peace be the shield of
Africa and its people.

CHORUS
Bless Africa, Bless Africa
Bless the children of Africa.

God Bless Tanzania.
Grant eternal Freedom and Unity
To its sons and daughters.
God Bless Tanzania and its People.
CHORUS
Bless Tanzania, Bless Tanzania
Bless the children of Tanzania.




Country Profile



Political Structure:

In 1964 Tanganyika and Zanzibar combined to form the nation of Tanzania shortly after the independence. The former country name was "United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar". Now, the long-term of the name is "United Republic of Tanzania". The type of government in Tanzania is a "republic", which means it’s a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them. It’s a form of government whose head of state is not a monarch. Their constitution was formed on the 25Th. of April in 1977; however, there were major revisions in October 1984.

Despite Tanzania's past record of political stability, an unattractive investment climate has discouraged foreign investment. Government steps to improve that climate include redrawing tax codes, floating the exchange rate, licensing foreign banks, and creating an investment promotion centre to cut red tape. In terms of mineral resources and the largely untapped tourism sector, Tanzania could become a viable and attractive market for U.S. goods and services.

 

Geography:

Tanzania is located in Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean which is to its right, and is facing more than one country at its borders. It borders Kenya, Mozambique, Zambia, Rwanda, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, and Burundi. The total area over which the country is distributed is approximately 945,087 square km. The total land area is 886,037 square km. Tanzania has three islands: Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar.

 

Natural Resources:

The ‘Spice Islands’ of the Zanzibar Archipelago, Pemba, Mafia, and the entire Tanzanian coast is home to the Swahili people, a vibrant mix of Arab, Indian and Bantu origins who historically based their livelihoods around Indian Ocean trade. The Swahili Coast, as the region is called, is a predominantly Islamic region with old mosques and coral palaces found throughout the area. Swahili culture centres on the dhow, a wooden sailing boat powered by the seasonal wind. Historically, the boats connected the Swahili Coast with Arabia and India and allowed trade between the regions to grow. Fishing remains a mainstay of coastal income in small villages throughout the area, and coconut and spice plantations continue to form an important source of export.

These days, life on the Swahili coast is tranquil and even-paced. Women cloaked in long robes called bui bui walk through twisty streets to the local market, stopping to chat outside tall houses hewn from coral and limestone rock. In the villages, the call to prayer rings out clearly over the palm trees and once they have finished their religious duties, the men gather in the square to drink spiced coffee from brass braziers. From the warrior moran of the fierce Masaai to the tranquil rhythms of Swahili town, Tanzania offers a unique glimpse into African life as it has remained for centuries. In summarization, coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables, cattle, sheep, and goats are the country’s main agricultural factors.

 

Cultural Factors:

99% of the people on the mainland are Native Americans, of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes. The other 1% of the people on the mainland consists of Asians, Europeans, and Arabs. People on the mainland have various religions. They include the following: Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%. The people located in Zanzibar are a mixture of Arabs and Native Americans, and more than 99% of them are Muslims.

Tanzania is home to some of the most incredible tribal diversity in Africa. The country includes all of the major ethnic and linguistic groups on the continent – an amazingly varied population to inhabit a single country. Home to approximately 130 tribal groups, most of these comprise small communities that are gradually being assimilated into the larger population due to changes in land use and the economic draw of city life. Tribal diversity (variety) is prized and far from being a source of division, Tanzanians place a high value on their country’s multicultural heritage. The Masaai are perhaps the best known of Tanzania’s tribes and inhabit the northern regions of the country. Pastoralists who fiercely guard their culture and traditions, Masaai tribal life revolves around protecting and caring for their herds of cattle and finding ample grazing land in their region.

The tribes live in circular fields called manyatas, where small mud huts surround a secure open circle where their cattle and other herd animals sleep protected during the night. Woven thorn bushes form a thick fence around the field to protect the herds from attacks by lions and other predators. Because good grazing land changes according to the seasons and yearly rains, Masaai settlements are temporary and easily relocated to where grazing and water access is best. Tribal tradition separates men and women into different age groups: the youngest herd sheep and goats while the young male warriors, or morans, job is to protect and care for their family’s cattle. Male elders hold a position of respect in Masaai society and once a warrior becomes an elder, he may marry to begin a family of his own

 

Economy:

The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for almost half of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 80% of the work force. The main agricultural products include: coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, and goats.

Tanzania is a member of International and regional groupings i.e., the East African Community (EAC), and the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC). The EAC is a Community of three Partner States, namely Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania. The EAC was established under the Treaty, which was ratified by Partner States on 30Th., November 1999. The EAC entry point is establishment of a Customs Union and Common Market under which protocols for its establishment are envisaged to be concluded within a period of four years starting November 1999. Further stages of integration are the creation of a Monetary Union and ultimately a Political Federation.

The EAC aims at strengthening the economic integration of these countries on a selective and pragmatic basis, including facilitation of trade through harmonisation of tariffs, payments, transport, movement of people, and harmonisation of other areas of common interest i.e. political, social and cultural fields. The South African Development Community’s (SADC) objective is to promote sustainable economic development and integration in SADC countries and to promote peace and security in the Region. Tanzania is also committed in other bilateral and multilateral arrangements, like those within World Trade Organization (WTO), and African, Caribbean Pacific (ACP), and European Union (EU).

 

Defence:

The Tanzania Peoples’ Defence Force (TPDF) (Swahili: Jeshi la Wananchi la Tanzania - JWTZ) was created in September 1964. From its inception, it was ingrained in the troops that they were a people’s force under civilian control. They were always reminded of their difference from the colonial armed forces. TPDF was given a very clear mission, to defend Tanzania and everything Tanzanian, especially the people and their political ideology. TPDF sailors, pilots and officers are trained in China. There are four branches of the Tanzania People's Defence Force: Army, Navy, Air Force, and Military Intelligence. Tanzania is part of the G77 & China is a loosely affiliated group of developing countries whose goal is to advance the economic well-being of the Third World. The Group of 77 was established in 1964. They called themselves the largest Third World coalition in the United Nations. It now numbers 132 UN members. Tanzania also takes part in the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), and the African Union, formerly the Organisation of African Unity, formed to encourage independence, and advancing stability, development, trade and the well-being of the African continent.

 

Views on World Problems:

Tanzania has made the transition from a centrally planned economy and a one-party system of government to an open, liberalised economy and a multiparty democracy. It has also made significant advances in the implementation of reforms to strengthen democratic accountability and good governance, improve macroeconomics stability and growth, and reduce poverty. Tanzania is a leader in taking control of its own development process and fostering co-ordination among donors.

Tanzania is also one of Africa's most politically and socially stable countries, and is playing a prominent role in conflict resolution in the East Africa region. However, there are still many challenges on the road to sustainable development. Despite a stable and growing economy, Tanzania is still one of the poorest countries in Africa. It faces challenges in converting solid economic growth into tangible improvements in the living conditions of the majority of the population. In addition, HIV/AIDS has taken a terrible toll on the population, reducing life expectancy and productivity, and causing significant human suffering.

 

History

A German colony from the 1880s until 1919, the area subsequently became a British trust territory from 1919 to 1961. It served as a military outpost during WWII and provided financial help as well as munitions. Julius Nyerere became Minister of British-administered Tanganyika in 1960, and continued as Prime Minister when Tanganyika became independent in 1961. Tanganyika and the neighbouring Zanzibar — which had become independent in 1963 — merged to form the nation of Tanzania on 26 April 1964. Nyerere introduced African socialism, or Ujamaa, which emphasized justice and equality, but proved economically disastrous, leading to food shortages as collective farms failed.

Likely Sources:
http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/tz.html
http://www.tanzania.go.tz/
http://www.africa.upenn.edu/Country_Specific/Tanzania.html
http://www.tzonline.org/

 

 

Policy Statements:


1) The Question of detention without trial in the war on terrorism.

Tanzania believes that history is littered with people who remained silent in the face of abuse. In doing so the only cause they helped was to allow more abuse to take place with impunity. Amnesty International is not prepared to join their ranks. Tanzania thinks that the mistreatment of detainees at Guantánamo is a disgrace to the best US values as much as to international standards. A detention centre in which detainees are held virtually incommunicado, without charge, trial or access should be condemned by the American people and all those concerned with truth, justice and freedom.

But Guantánamo is not alone. It is just the visible tip of an iceberg of abuse; the most notorious link in a chain of detention camps ranging from Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan to prisons in Iraq and elsewhere. Evidence and allegations of abuse, torture and murder continue to seep out of this shadowy network of detention centres. The fact is that US interrogation and detention policies and practices in the context of the "war on terror" have deliberately and systematically breached the absolute ban on torture and ill treatment inscribed in international treaties.

 

2) Improving the living conditions of Africa.

Tanzania recognises the Society for Family Poverty Alleviation (SOFAPA), which is an Arusha-based non-governmental, non-profit making organisation with the aim of empowering and strengthening the local communities, as well as contributing to sustainable natural resource management and conservation in areas under consideration. Tanzania congratulates the SOFAPA for conducting projects to enable families, social units and community groups to attack the big seven factors of poverty and lead them to reach the stature of self-sufficiency and sustainable development, without damaging the environment.

To achieve this goal SOFAPA carries out research and conducts surveys in order to recognise the socio-economic difficulties as well as to establish innovative programmes and sustainable projects, to promote education, training and capacity-building workshops, seminars, sensitisation and awareness-raising. SOFAPA networks with other NGOs to achieve its goals. Tanzania hopes that the living conditions in Africa will improve soon, because its people also suffer greatly from poverty, hunger, disease, and sicknesses.

 

3) The control and guidance on the media.

Media play a vital and influential part in daily life in Tanzania. They inform and educate, question challenges and entertains at the same time. The media in Tanzania is trying to satisfy a very demanding audience. Radio listening remains by far the most popular home based pastime among the people in Tanzania. This is reflected by the fact that 60 percent of the household have a radio set while the literacy rate is over 85 percent. Therefore majority of the population can read and write.

LEGISLATION: THE PRESS AND THE LAW Tanzania has in place both statutory and constitutional provisions providing several aspects of the media industry. The constitution guarantees a free and independent media. Article 18 of the constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania provides that:

(1) Without prejudice to the laws of the land every person has the right to freedom of opinion and expression, and to seek, receive and impart or disseminate information and ideas through any media regardless of national frontiers, and also the has the right to freedom from the interference with his communication.

(2) Every citizen has the right to be informed at all times of various events in the country and in the world at large which are of importance to the lives and activities of the people and also of issues of importance to society. To sum up the government of Tanzania respects the freedom of the press, but it does not entertain the "Free Freedom". It advocates the Press Freedom with obligation. Tanzania has three acts for regulating press activities. Some source of media for Tanzania include: Arusha Times, Business Times, Daily News Tanzania, IPP Media, Tanzania News, and This Day (Tanzania)

 

4) Towards eliminating arms proliferation.

With small arms and light weapons stimulating conflicts, assisting violent crime and terrorism, holding back post-conflict reconstruction, in recognition of the United Nations Charter, it is the responsibility of the international community to prevent illicit or unlawful trade of small arms and light weapons. Tanzania bears in mind that in order to uphold the value of maintaining international peace and security, the First Committee wishes to accomplish the goal of collection and responsible disposal of weapons obtained through illicit trafficking or manufacture, as well as weapons and ammunition declared by competent national authorities to be surplus to requirements. The Consolidation of Peace through Practical Disarmament Measures, and also the Guidelines on conventional arms control/limitations and disarmament, with particular emphasis on consolidation of peace, adopted by the Disarmament Commission in 1999, is the correct steps towards ending the violence and terror caused by illicit trade of small arms and light weapons. The 2006 Review Conference this year on small arms will mark a significant turning point for the international community in tackling the problem, and it is necessary for the UN Disarmament Information Program to have the proper funds and resources necessary to control small arms proliferation.

 

5) Integration of women in development.

The United Republic of Tanzania has upheld its support of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women in 1995. Through home improvements and legal actions, the women of Tanzania have experienced improvements both in quality of life and legal rights. The advances made within the Tanzanian government for the rights of women have included: Mandatory representation (demonstration) in the national parliament of 15% for women and mandatory representation in local government of 25% for women. Forming a group to discourage violence against women

Efforts to spread awareness of women’s rights through pamphlets, media, and education/training programs. While these efforts have been introduced in line with the United Nations mainstreaming of gender, the United Republic of Tanzania has recognised a number of problems that still exist within the country in implementing the Beijing Platform and its subsequent agreements. The following issues are those issues that the United Republic of Tanzania would like to develop further in the present session of the Committee on the Status of Women: • Reducing the unfairness of international trade. As an underdeveloped country, the United Republic of Tanzania has combined large debts and, in turn, has been subject to Structural Adjustment Programs. The effect of these programs is increased feminization of poverty as the economic health of the nation is endangered. • The economic strife of the nation disproportionately affects women through the feminization of poverty and, more specifically, through the decrease in girl’s access to education. •

Promoting education and awareness of women will encourage their roles in decision-making positions. Currently, though women are able to vote and participate politically, participation among women is very low. Increased awareness, education, and training of women will increase their roles in decision-making structures. Eradicating the problems of violence against women is very important in the United Republic of Tanzania. Women continue to face serious abuse. Awareness of these problems and strict enforcement of the laws against this violence is necessary. • Most importantly, the United Republic of Tanzania seeks to promote the education and awareness of family planning resources in our country. The United Republic of Tanzania continues to seek the support of the international community in promoting the well-being and eventual equality of all women.

 

 

 

Resolution

Submitter (Country): Tanzania
Delegate: Dalal Al- Jassim
Issue: Improving the conditions in Africa

Acknowledging Mother Teresa of Calcutta for quoting: "We think sometimes that poverty is only being hungry, naked and homeless...the poverty of being unwanted, unloved and uncared for is the greatest poverty... and we must start in our own homes to remedy this kind of poverty,"

Alarmed by the large amounts of people who are dying every day because of hunger, poverty, and sicknesses,

Fully aware that according to the Church World Service, hunger affects more than 840 million people worldwide and that more than 300 million of these people are in Africa,

Noting that Africa is the only region in the world becoming less and less able to feed itself,

Further alarmed by the fact that The Food and Agriculture Organization estimates 204 million people who are hungry in sub-Saharan Africa - nearly 1/4 (24%) of the world's undernourished population,

Further Noting that 25 million people live with HIV/AIDS, which is 2/3 of the world's 37.8 million total cases in Sub-Saharan Africa,

Deeply disturbed by the fact that three-fourths of the people who die of hunger are children under the age of five,

Keeping in mind that famine and wars cause about 10% of hunger deaths, although these tend to be the ones you hear about most often, and that the majority of hunger deaths are caused by chronic malnutrition. Families facing extreme poverty are simply unable to get enough food to eat,

Recognizing the Church World Service which works to educate and raise awareness of the need for just trade rules and policies that promote economic justice and that even a 1% increase in world exports from Africa would improve incomes and help lift 40 million Africans out of poverty,

1. Resolves the creation of the organization called the African Aid Organization (AAO) that will ensure that food and fresh water will be delivered to all counties in Africa who are in need of it, and that hospitals will be built in countries in need to cure Africans from diseases. The organization will contain:
A. An agency that will enforce the organization,
B. An administrative branch in New York, next to the UN headquarters that will receive all the information, reports, and different office work,
C. Different smaller branches located in the countries which are in need of our help. These branches will be responsible for the following: i. Collecting information about the needs of different families located in the country,
ii. Storing foods and water for the people,
iii. Making sure that each family receives their daily meals, and that all families get the same amount of food,
D. Hospitals that are built in the country whose people are suffering from diseases and epidemics. The hospitals will be responsible for the following:
i. Collecting reports, complaints, or information about the health of the people in different areas,
ii. Sending paramedics in emergency cases,
iii. Sending special agents who know about human health to live among the people, to make sure no one gets hurt or dies without the organization knowing about it,
iv. Doing researches regarding the diseases that struck in certain areas,
v. Providing the people with medicine and injections that will help cure them in any way or add missing essential minerals and nutrients into their fragile bodies,
E. A media committee that will be responsible for advertising the need of these people, and completing other tasks such as:
i. organizing public events around the globe (carnivals, barbeques, and so on) to get some extra donations from the people to help these Africans,
ii. encouraging people to donate and help the Africans throughout different advertising medias (such as television, radio, newspapers, brochures, and so on),
F. A strict set of laws, rules, and regulations for the organization,

2. Points out that the African Aid Organization’s main goals include:
A. Reducing hunger and poverty in Africa,
B. Reducing the amounts of deaths caused by hunger, and illness,
C. Grabbing the attention of the world, and making it clear that Africa is in need of our help,
D. Giving Africans the right to live like others who have perfect health, home, and money;

3. Calls upon the World Health Organization (WHO) to help us with this major improvement for Africa and its people. With the help of this organization, we can do the following to help with this project:
A. Put together a research committee of doctors specializing in medicine and health in the administrative branch, that will:
i. receive reports about the epidemics or diseases struck in different countries,
ii. research causes for the disease, cures, and anti-bacterial medicines that will prevent the disease from striking the person again,
iii. produce the medicine, and sending it to the branches in the countries in need,
B. Gather directors of each branch each month to discuss their progress in each country, taking into consideration the following topics:
i. the health of the people in the country,
ii. the number of newborns in the country, and the number of deaths,
iii. the overall appearance of the people (whether or not they gained a little weight),
iv. technologies needed to produce medicines and other lab equipment as well,

4. Affirms that the members of each branch in the AAO will be:
A. Qualified researchers from around the globe specializing in medical care,
B. A group of experienced law makers who are familiar with the rules of the United Nations to make rules for the organization,
C. Administrative staff members that are familiar with the procedures of the United Nations,
D. Doctors specialized in the care of human body and its weaknesses,
E. Group of social agents that are sent to live among the people and watch out for their needs to inform the branch in that country (they should be able to speak the language of the people in that area),
F. Group of press officers that will be responsible for gathering information and news and then informing the media so that the information is spread globally (to make people aware that others are suffering from hunger and poverty),

5. Further resolves that the AAO will enforce the following rules:
A. The nation must be a very poor country who is in real need of help,
B. No family should be given more food than any other,
C. The families must accept the fact that they will be examined and observed based on their health in order to inform the administrative branch about what improvements have been made, and about what other things are needed to finally get these people in a normal and healthy living condition,

6. Encourages all nations who are willing to help to sign on to this organization and support those people in Africa who still have a hope of beginning a new life in a perfect health,

7. Strongly urges all countries with hunger, poverty, and sickness issues to submit an annual report of their countries statistics, such as:
A. Amounts of deaths because of hunger, poverty, or any other disease,
B. The different diseases that your people faced throughout the year, and details about the deadliest ones,
C. What efforts the country has made to improve their condition,
D. Specific areas where hunger and illness is mostly spread,
E. What the nation needs our help with everything.








Opening Speech



Tanzania believes that history is littered with people who remained silent in the face of abuse. In doing so the only cause they helped was to allow more abuse to take place with impunity. Amnesty International is not prepared to join their ranks. Tanzania thinks that the mistreatment of detainees at Guantánamo is a disgrace to the best US values as much as to international standards. A detention centre in which detainees are held virtually incommunicado, without charge, trial or access should be condemned by the American people and all those concerned with truth, justice and freedom.