Republic of Tunisia




Event: Pearl-MUN 2006

Student Ala'a Al-Shamlan




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Tunisian National Anthem



 

Tunisia

Country Profile


Political Structure:

Tunisia is a constitutional democracy headed by President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali, who was elected directly by universal suffrage in 1987, re-elected in 1994 and again in October 1999. The president appoints the Council of Ministers (cabinet), and Mohammed Ghannouchi is currently serving as Prime Minister. Tunisia's unicameral parliament, the Chamber of Deputies, has 182 members also elected to five-year terms. Tunisian law prohibits the existence of any political party based on race, religion, or language. The president's Constitutional Democratic Rally Party (RCD) is by far the largest political party. There are six other legal parties: the Movement of Democratic Socialists (MDS), the Party for Popular Unity (PUP), the Socialist Progressive Party (RSP), the Social Liberal Party (PSL), the Union of Democratic Unionists (UDU), and the Communist Party. While these parties are recognized, their comparatively small size and lack of broad-based support hinder them from playing any significant role in the political scene.

 

Geography:

Tunisia is in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya, and neighbors with morocco too. It has a total area of 163,610-sq. km, 155,630 of the land are water, and the rest, which is 8,250, is sq. km. The climax in Tunisia is temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers, and desert in south. Mountains are located in the North; its how, dry central plain; semiarid south merged into the Sahara. The lowest point is Shatt al Gharsah -17 m, and the highest point is Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m

 

Natural Resources:

Tunisia's natural resources are relatively meager. The lumber industry is essentially confined to the exploitation of oak and cork from the Kroumirie Mountains of the north, while the esparto grass of the plains is used for the manufacture of quality paper. Until the discovery of petroleum, the principal mineral resource was phosphate; of this, one-third is exported, and the remainder is used by domestic chemical industries. Fertilizer is also a chief export. Other mineral resources are iron, lead, zinc, and mercury. As for the labor power, 55% are in the in the services, 23% in the industry, 22% are in the agriculture. Some of the agricultural income is from olives, olive oil, grain, tomatoes, citrus fruit, sugar beets, dates, almonds; beef, dairy products, and industry includes: petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate and iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages.

 

Culture Factors:

Tunisia is an Arabian country in Africa, as well as a Muslim country. However, there are Tunisians, and others that are Muslims, and it's not a pure Muslim country. Tunisia is consists of Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%, and 98% are Muslims, 1% are christens, and 1% Jewish and others.

 

Economy:

Tunisia's economy, traditionally based on agriculture, now has important mining, energy, tourism, and manufacturing sectors, and the country has become increasingly middle class. The leading crops are wheat, barley, olives, dates, sugar beets, citrus fruits, and almonds. Because irrigation is inadequate, agricultural production varies widely according to rainfall. Petroleum was found (1964) in the Sahara not far from the Algerian border, and production began in 1966; Tunisia's manufacturing industries (located primarily in Tunis) include textile factories, steelworks, leather, food processing, paper, wood products, and construction materials. Tourism is also an important economic activity. Petroleum, phosphates, textiles, and olive oil are the country's leading exports; its imports, which exceed exports, are headed by machinery, metal products, chemicals, food (particularly cereals), and transportation equipment. France and other European Union countries, as well as North African countries, are the main trade partners.

 

Defense:

Tunisiaís military consists of Army, Navy, Air Force, and paramilitary forces. In order to be part of the military, the person has to be 20 years old. The US currently provides Tunisia with $10.5 million a year in foreign military financing and another $1.9 million for training and education

 

Views on Worlds Problem:

Chinese top lawmaker Li Peng said Thursday in Tunis that China attaches importance to the unique role Tunisia plays in solving regional and international affairs as Tunisia serves as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Now both countries would like to stay friends, and go further in their productions and corporation. Obviously, it doesnít like to have fights and looks forward to be friends with every country. It would attack for the right.

 

History:

Because of Tunisiaís crucial location it has been part of many empires and nations like Carthage, the Roman Empire, the Spanish, Turks, Arabs, and finally the French. Tunisians traded and interacted with other Mediterranean cultures since the 12th century BC. Ancient Carthage, the great city-state founded in 814 BC, so succeeded in trade and commerce that it attracted the eyes of an expanding Roman Empire. It is hard to imagine that this place housed the most beautiful and the richest seaport of ancient times, lasting for centuries until the destruction by the Romans in 146 BC. Carthage was destroyed simply because this capital had a tendency of surviving anything, and as it almost changed world history in the century before, Rome could not rest until three years of destruction, ending in 17 days of conflagration, had wiped Carthage out.

Even after the destruction of Carthage, the city returned too much of its old splendor, but this was first under Roman rule, later it was after the decline of Rome. Actually Carthage survived Rome, and its era stretched over almost twice as many centuries as Rome did. Trying to discover what Carthage is difficult. Even if the "total destruction" left some of the structures of Carthage in good shape, the need for building material removed both ancient Carthage and the younger Roman structures.

 

 

 

Policy Statements


1. The Question of detention without trial in the war on terrorism.

Tunisia believes that each human on this earth has the right to have his or her freedom. Therefore, they shouldnít be sent to jail without trail just because the way they look. As a quote says "Donít judge a book by its cover". Policemen or anybody canít tell whether or not a person is a terrorist, or deserves to go to jail just by looking at him. A man with a beard doesnít necessary have to be a terrorist! Itís not fair for a person to control other personís freedom, just because he or she suspects him as a terrorist. Tunisia believes thatís a very offensive thing to be claimed a terrorist. Nobody knows who that person is from inside, maybe by telling him or commanding him to sit in the Policeís car were give him a heart attack or drive him crazy! Thatís going to have an effect on him and all the people around him. Tunisia is well aware, and is strict on these kinds of issues that includes peopleís life and rights in this world.

 

2. Improving the living conditions of Africa.

As an African country, Tunisia is aware of what the other African countries might be going through. The conditions hold the lives of the people there. The temperature is high there. In order for the countries and citizens to live, they need the support and the help from other countries and people who are capable of donating, or provide for them food, water and shelter. You may not be aware of what the African countries are going through, but how are they going to live and survive the hot sun, when they donít have anything to wear.

 

3. The control and guidance on the media.

Tunisia thinks that as long as people are watching Television, theyíre going to believe everything that is show. Many channels, other than the basic country one, are owned by a person. Therefore, he or she can easily say whatever they think or want. For example, if a man owns a channel, and it was time to say the news, he can easily tell them what to say and sheís going to say it. Not just that, perhaps in other countries that hate Muslims and the Islamic religion, would make commercials, or spread in the newspapers roomers or pictures, like what Denmark had done, involving Muslims. As long as the government doesnít put an end on this, itís going to go on forever. Some countries may not handle this and say nothing about it, is it was a strong country, and has support, it might start a war! Those mediaís are very effective. It may change the way a person thinks towards a country, person or a religion. Tunisia thinks that if the whole world would say the truth, then there wouldnít be the war in Palestine.

 

4. Towards eliminating arms proliferation.

Obviously, it seems like it has become very simple and easy thing to hold a weapon. A weapon can be different in several things, such as small or big. However both can take away the lives of a human or change his life. In order to stop the people from buying guns, they shouldnít be produced in the first place. How is that? Countries must do a variety of checking at the house. Perhaps interviewing with the owner of the house. Also, whoever is caught holding gun without permission from the government, or is misusing it, he or she must be hanged or punished in front of the whole society so that they would learn a lesson and would take it seriously. Another way is they can teach kids at school how it is dangerous so that when they grow up, they wouldnít think of holding or using such a thing. Instead of making movies that include misusing of the gun, they should make movies that have got a theme that is weapons are bad. That is something simple. Tunisia thinks, that as long as the governments, or the people arenít following the rules, or are crossing their limits, then nothing is going to change.

 

5. Integration of women in development.

Since the approval of Tunisia's 1959 constitution, women's equal rights have been guaranteed by the law. The strongest gains in gender equality however occurred during the recent era. Tunisia has given the womanís all itís right because it believes that women can give many things. Women are not objects that have no feeling, nor appearance. However they are like any other person with brain, eyes and a body. They should volunteer in the society; get involved in solving problems Strong efforts have been made during the last decades to promote gender equality through legislation and socio-economic means. As female literacy rates are increasing, women are now outnumbering men in higher education. Women are now slowly entering the work force, also in leading positions. Legislation is continuously being updated to promote gender equality.

 

 

 

Resolution



Submitted by: Tunisia
Delegate: Alaaí Al Shamlan
Issue: Development in the African countries.

Fully Alarmed that African countries are very poor to an extend that they are suffering from a lot of pain and disease and large percentage of death,

Believing that by the help of other countries, Africaís condition will be improved with time,

Further proclaims Tunisia believes that Africa has a very high potential to be a food supplier all around the world,

Keeping in mind that it will take a lot of effort from special people from countries in order to solve this issue,

Observing the way the people in Africa are living and their priority needs,

Taking into Consideration that there might have to be several trials to make it succeed,

Deeply Disturbed that many Africans are homeless, havenít been to school therefore donít know how to read nor write,

Congratulates the UN and all the countries for its efforts on sending food, and comfy things for those in need in Africa,

1. Noting with regret that in order to build Africa, the people should be encouraged by other countries and given by:
A. Supplying them with a necessary amount of money,
B. Give them some equipment that may help them,
C. Improve the infrastructure to make it easier for them to send the productions, and plantings from one place to another,

2. Accepts the fact that they will have to study:
A. Get teachers, or people to help them learn how to deal with money
B. Produce books to make them learn how to read and write

3. Urges that the UN starts raising money, or have countries pay as a donation and start off by opening several hospitals in one of the poorest countries in Africa suffering from diseases, large amounts of death, hunger, or no shelters;

4. Call upon all countries that are capable, and have the strength to:
A. Donate money that will be spent on building and buying whatís needed for hospitals, equipment and medicines (they donít have to be fancy),
B. Sends volunteers who are specialists willing to help test and cure the people who are in need of them;
C. Support the head of the country, so that he/ she would encourage its citizens.

5. Emphasizes the results of no good health are
A. No education
B. The people will not know the difference between right and wrong
C. The spread of violence, and hatred between each other,

6. Draws the attention to when the things that has to be done to decrease the percentage of hunger in Africa:
A. Try to take over the uneducated people by spreading knowledge and making it something mandatory,
B. From that, the people will be able to get jobs, and then get what they need from food, shelter,
C. Make use of the lands and diverting them into farm lands to produce an agriculture income;
D. Store water to use in the dry seasons that is in some countries.

 

 

 

Opening Speech

Salaam Alieikum

Obviously, it seems like it has become very simple and easy thing to hold a weapon. A weapon can be different in several things, such as small or big. However both can take away the lives of a human or change his life. In order to stop the people from buying guns, they shouldnít be produced in the first place. How is that? Countries must do a variety of checking at the house. Perhaps interviewing with the owner of the house. Also, whoever is caught holding gun without permission from the government, or is misusing it, he or she must be hanged or punished in front of the whole society so that they would learn a lesson and would take it seriously. Another way is they can teach kids at school how it is dangerous so that when they grow up, they wouldnít think of holding or using such a thing. Instead of making movies that include misusing of the gun, they should make movies that have got a theme that is weapons are bad. That is something simple. Tunisia thinks, that as long as the governments, or the people arenít following the rules, or are crossing their limits, then nothing is going to change.