The Ukraine




Event: Pearl-MUN 2006

Student: Thenyan Al-Yagout




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Ukranian National Anthem



Ukraine

Latin Transliteration
Shche ne vmerla Ukrayina, ni slava, ni volya,
Shche nam, brattya-ukrayintsi, usmikhnet'sya dolya.
Zginut' nashi vorizhen'ki, yak rosa na sontsi,
Zazhivemo i mi, brattya, u svoyiy storontsi.
Dushu y tilo mi polozhim za nashu svobodu
I pokazhem, shcho mi, brattya, kozats'kogo rodu.
(repeat previous two lines)

English:
Ukraine is not yet dead, nor its glory and freedom,
Luck will still smile on us brother-Ukrainians.
Our enemies will die, as the dew does in the sunshine,
and we, too, brothers, we'll live happily in our land.
We'll not spare either our souls or bodies to get freedom
and we'll prove that we brothers are of Kozak kin.
(repeat previous two lines)

 

Tunisia




Country Profile

Political Structure: -

Ukraine has a very simple and common political structure like any European country. Ukraine's kind of government is republican government. The political Structure is as follows: - chief of state: President Viktor A. YUSHCHENKO (since 23 January 2005) head of government: Prime Minister Yuriy YEKHANUROV (since 22 September 2005); First Deputy Prime Minister - Stanislav STASHEVSKYY (since 27 September 2005) cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers selected by the prime minister; the only exceptions are the foreign and defense ministers, who are chosen by the president. Note: there is also a National Security and Defense Council or NSDC originally created in 1992 as the National Security Council; the NSDC staff is tasked with developing national security policy on domestic and international matters and advising the president; a Presidential Secretariat helps draft presidential edicts and provides policy support to the president elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; note - a special repeat runoff presidential election between Viktor YUSHCHENKO and Viktor YANUKOVYCH took place on 26 December 2004 after the earlier 21 November 2004 contest - won by Mr. YANUKOVYCH - was invalidated by the Ukrainian Supreme Court because of widespread and significant violations; under constitutional reforms that went into effect 1 January 2006, the majority in parliament takes the lead in naming the prime minister NUKOVYCH 44.2%.

So as you can see after the information given, the two true powers in Ukraine are the president, and the citizens. You may ask why? Well, the president controls the country and chooses the delegates in parliament. While, the people elect the president. So both have the true power behind Ukraine's success. This will lead two that Ukraine's party is more to the right than to the left, which makes it more Democratic than a Communist.

The true power behind Ukraine is Democratic. The reason is because Ukraine depends on 90% of all its actions and political structure on Ukraine citizens. They are the ones who elect President, Vice President, and most of delegates. This current structure is in dispute because the 10% that is left are mostly have the origin of being Russian. So, they are depending more on communist. That is effecting Ukraine by have many disputes since it had a long rivalry with Russia. This is leading to many people joining this rebel, but Ukraine has this under control by having said in its constitution, that Ukraine is a democratic country, and there will be no tolerance against those whom try to change this by following any other type of structure.

 

Geography: -

The location of Ukraine is in Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland, Romania, and Moldova in the west and Russia in the east. Ukraine's geographic coordinates are 49 00 N, 32 00 E. The total area is 603,700 sq. km (land: 603,700 sq. km, water: 0 sq. km). If we would like to show comparison, then Ukraine is a bit smaller than Texas (State in the USA). Ukraine's Land boundaries are a total of 4663 km (border countries: Belarus 891 km, Hungary 103 km, Moldova 939 km, Poland 526 km, Romania (south) 169 km, Romania (west) 362 km, Russia 1,576 km, Slovakia 97 km). Ukraine's coastlines are 2782 km. The climate is temperate continental; Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast; precipitation disproportionately distributed, highest in west and north, lesser in east and southeast; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the greater part of the country, hot in the south. Lowest point: Black Sea 0 m highest point: Hora Hoverla 2,061 m. Ukraine only uses only arable land 53.8%, the permanent crops is 1.5%. Others are only 44.7%. Ukraine has a strategic position at the crossroads between Europe and Asia, the second-largest country in Europe. The environment current issue are inadequate supplies of potable water; air and water pollution; deforestation; radiation contamination in the northeast from 1986 accident at Chornobyl' Nuclear Power Plant.

Ukraine does not have natural boundaries with Russia, but that did not stop Ukraine from using military boundaries with Russia. This is leading to Russia currently stating in the UN that Ukraine is making artificial boundaries with them and now, Russia is demanding Boundaries, Ukraine couldn’t agree more. This was a mission that Ukraine was willing to accomplish before the fall of the soviet union, but now Ukraine finally did it with the help of here bitter rival, Russia.

Isn’t the central fact, then, its closeness to Russia is the question that people ask Ukraine government. The answer is yes. How? Well, Ukraine has many advantages form bordering Russia and many disadvantages. The Advantage is having Russia transport oil through Ukrainian land really helps Ukraine by having taxes on each time oil moves, and also, Ukraine is currently negotiating with Russia on lifting the taxes, and Ukraine get 15% of the oil given. This issue is currently being studied. The disadvantages of Ukraine bordering Russia is that Ukraine went through long oppositions with Russia and the soviet union, so Russia must be plotting to invade Ukraine once again, and Ukrainian army cant withstand the Russian army.

 

Natural Resources: -

Ukraine is like a vast ocean that is full of natural resources. Ukraine has many natural resources since her land is very rich in soil and weather and size. The natural Resources of the Ukrainian country are iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber. These are exporting too many countries around the world. Some of the countries are Malaysia, Yemen, Gulf countries and let us not forget South Africa and Kenya. Iron ore is used for making steel fabrications and car holders and many more stuff. Coal is used for cooking and for wood essence (bokur). Manganese is also used for making alloy steel since this is where it has been taking from. Natural gas is mostly sent to Yemen for cooking food in at home. Oil is used of course to export to Kenya and South Africa because they lack oil. Salt is obviously used for food. Sulfur we are talking about is used for treating people with like skin treatment. Graphite is mostly sent to Kenya for using in pencils mostly, which shows that Ukraine is helping and funding education through material but not through money. Titanium is used for solar power. Magnesium is used for making both metal and for powder used on white fire in science labs. Timber is also exported to Kenya and South Africa. Mercury is sent to all the countries above because it is used for thermometers and many other uses. Nickel and kaolin for cars and ceramics (kaolin). So you see, Ukraine has a variety of natural resources and is using them in the right way.

Ukraine was naturally involved with Russia in a spat since Russia wants to have pipes to send oils through Ukraine. Ukraine understood and studied this fact and knew now that Russia needed her. So Ukraine thought that this was an advantage for them. Ukraine at first agreed, but now it is making money out of this through which that if every time oil passes through, then Russia would have to pay taxes. So, currently, Ukraine is now in a bit of a dispute with Russia on energy sources on which Russia thinks should have, when it currently belongs to Ukraine. Ukraine recently asked aid from the UN, now the rivalry is still on with Russia on energy, but Ukraine now has the money, and the energy.

Ukraine is considerd as the breadbasket for Europe because she has a rich soil, which they can grow many crops in. This is helping them economically and raising the Ukraine ‘s economy by 30% every year. These crops that are grown in Ukraine are not all for Ukraine. In fact, the UK gives certain seeds to Ukraine to grow it their lands. Ukraine gets money from this and from the transportation to UK. So you see, this is a gold mine for Ukraine. Yes, it may not have that much oil, but it is making 5 times as much as the gulf countries are making form oil.

Chernobyl is a city of north-central Ukraine near the border of Belarus. It was evacuated and remains uninhabited as a result of a major nuclear power plant accident nearby on April 16, 1986. Ukraine is now suffering from this. Since the soil is suitable for many plants to grow on, the Chernobyl style nuclear plants are starting to grow back, which is harming Ukraine and maybe accused of producing nuclear program. Ukraine is currently trying to eliminate the nuclear plants by having them removed also, having no water reaching this area by building houses over them, and have no light source interact with these plants, which may end this issue. Ukraine also lacks oil; Ukraine is currently thinking of making a negotiation with Russia about the oil situation and not use nukes, since it would be against world peace which Ukraine strongly encourages.

 

Culture: -

There are many religions in Ukraine to begin with, but every religion has a majority that is different form the other religions in Ukraine. Here they are: Ukrainian Orthodox - Kiev Patriarchate 19%, Orthodox (no particular jurisdiction) 16%, Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate 9%, Ukrainian Greek Catholic 6%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox 1.7%, Protestant, Jewish, none 38% (2004 est.). All these religions get along perfectly and there are no problems that are occurring in Ukraine.

You may think that Europe is suffering now from problems from the Muslim World. The answer is that there are no Muslims in Ukraine. Then, there are minorities of religion. Like the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox, but this is not effecting Ukraine at all. In fact, Ukraine is a democratic country and gives freedom of religion. Their main religion is the orthodox, like Russia. This is a national church since its religion is only found in Ukraine and Russia and a few European countries. This is not that close to the government since the president and vice president are both Jewish, and most of the delegates are Christian and Jewish.

In fact, there is a small Russian minority as stated the 10% is communist and have the origins of being Russian. However, this is not effecting the government and not effecting Ukraine under any circumstances since there is a law against it, so there are no minority actions occurring in Ukraine nor will there be hopefully. If we would contrast between Russia and its worries, and restless Muslim minorities, then the Russian would be a bigger problem. Since the Muslim the religion is about peace, and compassion, the Muslims in Ukraine are not doing anything to hurt Ukraine and the peace, and in return, Ukraine is building mosques for them and treating them equally. However, for Russia, it is a bigger problem because Ukraine is involved in a rivalry with Russia, which makes the situation more critical. People ask about the Russian passport issue lately, well, currently Ukraine is giving them a Ukrainian passport since there was a vote held and 94% of the people holding the Russian passport in Ukraine voted for getting a Ukraine passport because long ago, Russian immigrates came to Ukraine lands and lived their as farmers, and were forced to keep their passport, since no immigrant where allowed to keep a Ukrainian passport. However, for the 6% remaining,

They voted for the fact that they want to keep the Russian passport and are willing to stay in Ukraine as immigrates since they like the government type here better. Yes, there is a problem with Moscow over these people and Russian president stated that these immigrate should come back to their rightful country. Ukraine declined and stated that the people are not trading cards to be given and taken, and as long as they are in Ukraine's land, Russia has no business with them. The UN agreed on what Ukraine has said and that made even more immigrants from other countries especially Russia come and live in Ukraine (since it is a peace loving country and democratic.)

 

Economy:

Here is a brief introduction of the economy in Ukraine. After Russia, the Ukrainian republic was far and away the most important economic component of the former Soviet Union, producing about four times the output of the next-ranking republic. Its fertile black soil generated more than one-fourth of Soviet agricultural output, and its farms provided substantial quantities of meat, milk, grain, and vegetables to other republics. Likewise, its diversified heavy industry supplied the unique equipment (for example, large diameter pipes) and raw materials to industrial and mining sites (vertical drilling apparatus) in other regions of the former USSR. Ukraine depends on imports of energy, especially natural gas, to meet some 85% of its annual energy requirements.

Shortly after independence was ratified in December 1991, the Ukrainian Government liberalized most prices and erected a legal framework for privatization, but widespread resistance to reform within the government and the legislature soon stalled reform efforts and led to some backtracking. Output by 1999 had fallen to less than 40% of the 1991 level. Loose monetary policies pushed inflation to hyperinflationary levels in late 1993. Ukraine's dependence on Russia for energy supplies and the lack of significant structural reform have made the Ukrainian economy vulnerable to external shocks. A dispute with Russia over pricing led to a temporary gas cut-off; Ukraine concluded a deal with Russia in January 2006, which almost doubled the price Ukraine pays for Russian gas, and could cost the Ukrainian economy $1.4-2.2 billion and cause GDP growth to fall 3-4%. Ukrainian government officials eliminated most tax and customs privileges in a March 2005 budget law, bringing more economic activity out of Ukraine's large shadow economy, but more improvements are needed, including fighting corruption, developing capital markets, and improving the legislative framework for businesses.

Reforms in the more politically sensitive areas of structural reform and land privatization are still lagging. Outside institutions - particularly the IMF - have encouraged Ukraine to quicken the pace and scope of reforms. GDP growth was 2.4% in 2005, down from 12.4% in 2004. The current account surplus reached $2.2 billion in 2005. The privatization of the Kryvoryzhstal steelworks in late 2005 produced $4.8 billion in windfall revenue for the government. Some of the proceeds were used to finance the budget deficit, some to recapitalize two state banks, some to retire public debt, and the rest may be used to finance future deficits. Ukraine's economy has changed a lot by style. At first, it has been run as a communist style, but now it is running as a democratic style, which is more to the right and is the main reason to bringing the Ukrainian economy up.

Ukraine is not a very rich country, yet not a very poor country; it is sort of a middle ranked country. Its budget is over 30 billion dollars yearly from tourists, exports…etc. Ukraine exports partners are as stated (gulf countries, Yemen, Malaysia, South Africa and Kenya. Also the OPEC countries are part of Ukraine partners. Ukraine's economy is getting better at about 48% yearly. The keys to its success are: Crops growing, exports to many countries, oil pipe taxes with Russia, and oil, and taxes. It’s often cited as having tremendous potential.

Privatization is the conversion of a public enterprise to a private enterprise. For example, a government-owned railroad or airline may undergo privatization if ownership shares of the enterprise are sold to individual and institutional investors. This is an explanation of privatization. This is occurring in Ukraine in many countries, where people own companies and railroads and banks and not the government. This helps Ukraine in two important ways. First way, to show the good relations between the government and the Ukrainian citizens. Second, to give chances to many other people around the world and in Ukraine to come to Ukraine and work not only in government, but work for other people. The ex-soviet union countries are doing this because at first when they joined Soviet Union, the government had control over everything, but now, democracy has shown in all other countries like Ukraine by privatization.

 

Defense:

The military branches of Ukraine are Ground Forces, Naval Forces, Air Forces (Viyskovo-Povitryani Syly), and Air Defense Forces (2002). Ukraine has an extremely strong defense but thank god, Ukraine never used it, only for war against terrorism and the gulf war. Military serving age is 18-27 years old and is voluntary (democracy). There are about 110,000 men in uniform. Well, of course they can fight their enemies, but not directly. The Ukraine army can withstand the German Army, but will have to withdraw from the Russian. Instead, Ukraine studies and puts a strategy plan and plans the attack and attacks through stealth mode. The funding of Ukraine government to the military is about 617.9 million dollars.

No, the Ukraine is a peace loving country and does not have any nukes, although it does contain nuclear plants, but this issue is being taken care of.

No, Ukraine couldn't defend against Russia, because as stated Ukraine's army is well trained and received a 4.5 out of 5 in the national army association, which is in Peru. Ukraine unfortunately doesn’t have a black seal navy because it doesn’t border any sea. (This is the reason that Ukraine got the 4.5) but This is a tiny army (5 divisions) compared to Russia which still has a say 50 divisions, and there are no natural frontiers. This is what will make Russia win a battle with Ukraine.

 

Views on World's Problems: -

Ukraine's allies are USA, European countries (all), South Africa, Kenya, Southeast Asia, Middle East, Brazil and Argentina. However, Ukraine's enemies are: North Korea, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and POTENTIALLY Russia.

Ukraine is funding anti-terrorism, but is not funding the war against it because in Ukraine's opinion, this is destroying countries instead of terrorism. Also, Ukraine funds many people in need after natural hazards like earthquakes in India, and tsunamis in Asia….etc. Ukraine has an alliance of the EU, and UN. It has joined many organizations like: Australia Group, BSEC, CBSS (observer), CE, CEI, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, FAO, GUAM, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCT (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MONUC, NAM (observer), NSG, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMOVIC, UNOMIG, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTOO, WTO (observer), ZC. All of these organizations are Ukraine's alliances.

The key and most important part are relations with (a) Russia and (B) the EU/NATO. Ukraine is very much on the BORDER between both. Most states in that situation are now making their choice, one way or another. Ukraine choice was made by choosing Russia because Ukraine doesn’t want to get involved with the NATO, since it is close to Russia and has most experience with it. The EU would be helpful for Ukraine too, but the NATO wouldn’t be as much help. There was an election about this and went on to result that Ukraine would use Russia as an aid, but the EU would be at most help to Ukraine. The last thing that occurred was that Ukraine agreed that the NATO was not as much helpful to them as the EU.

 

History: -

Ukraine's history is filled with surprises and filled with utmost exciting events that occurred in the world. Ukraine was the center of the first Slavic State, Kievan Rus. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kievan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kievan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries.

This paragraph basically just talks about however Ukraine's development was from the 17Th. century. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to bring about a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and forced to endure a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two artificial famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although final independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO.

The new government presents its citizens with hope that the country may at last attain true freedom and prosperity. Recent history to Ukraine is that Ukraine elections occurred also in January of 2005 and recently at 2006 the sex trafficking of Ukrainian women is a serious problem that has only recently been addressed.

 

 

 

Policy Statements:


Issue 1) the issue of appointing a permanent president for the SC:

A president is one appointed or elected to preside over an organized body of people, such as an assembly or meeting. The SC is the Security Council, which is the permanent peacekeeping organ of the United Nations, composed of five permanent members (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and ten elected members. Having a president in the SC will actually help the SC and help many other countries. First of all, it will maintain more order in the SC. Also, it shall show organization. Lastly, by doing this, we can get to the right decision. This applies to our country because Ukraine is an elected member in the Security Council and has the right to lend its voice and opinion about this issue. This applies to Ukraine by: 1- giving equal opportunities to every nation in the SC to speak.

The kind of policy I would support for the UN is this one right here. If electing president needs money, then Ukraine will be more than happy to support this fact financially. Ukraine is doing this because the SC needs only one leader, and not the six that have the right of the veto. Ukraine supports this policy and issue. This applies to the country at this moment; Ukraine elected a president at 05 to guide its journey.

 

Issue 2) the issue of the Iranian nuclear program: -

This applies to Ukraine because as a country in the SC, it is our job to protect the world and seek peace among countries. If Iran uses the nuclear weapons, then the world will be destroyed and will live in true disaster and chaos. Also, Ukraine would support this policy through money and support it through arranging meetings with Iran to end this problem. Also, Ukraine would like to support policies that do not have to do with war; in fact, we should use peace in dealing with problems, because this is our job in the SC after all. This applies to our country is that if we don’t act quickly; the nuclear program will spread around the world and maybe hit Ukraine.

Ukraine actually doesn’t believe that Iran contains WMDs and believes that Iran will use the nuclear program to help the poor starving hungry people of Iran. Also, Ukraine needs oil from Iran, so that’s why Ukraine decides to not vote and abstain. If no abstentions are allowed, then Ukraine will vote against any resolution that hits Iran, because Ukraine is benefited from Iran. Ukraine is also suffering the same fate as Iran is. The fate is the Chernobyl Plant Nuclear Program. Ukraine thought the nuclear program was dead, but instead it was living in the soil and now grew to be plants. Ukraine is trying to stay on the safe side and trying to eliminate the plants from the soil because this may effect the soil and effect Ukraine's reputation. However, Ukraine does differ at one point, and that point is that Ukraine doesn’t need the nuclear program when Iran does.

Iran is a country of southwest Asia. The country, officially renamed Iran in 1935, was ruled by the Pahlavi dynasty from 1925 until the ouster of Muhammad Reza Pahlavi (1979) in a revolution led by the Ayatollah Khomeini, who established an Islamic republic. Tehran is the capital and the largest city. Population: 59,778,000.A nuclear program is a program that is using nuclear weapons that are considered as WMD (weapons of mass destruction). Ukraine's policy is that as stated Ukraine would be more than glad to help with the energy that will be used, but refuses to use the Nuclear program since it is against the law and is illegal and results to mass destruction. This issue is like the Ukraine's Chernobyl style.

 

Issue 3) the issue of directing attentions in the Himalayan region: -

The Himalayan region is being directed attention to. This is occurring through tourism and advertisements about this. The people there are forced to leave their homes and families and live in the city. Instead, the Indian government built instead of homes, hotels and resorts for foreigners to live in leaving the people of India to die from hunger in the cold bitter nights. As our duty in the SC, we must act towards this. First of all, this applies to our country because any people in our country are suffering from the same fate as these guys. Something must be done before it continues spreading and spreading until this is not capable to being stopped.

These are the exact policies that our countries support this fact. Ukraine's relationship with India is that Ukraine has many Indian tourists in her country, so Ukraine doesn’t want this beautiful relation to end with India since India is also a country with a lot of resources. Also, the president of Ukraine has a palace in India and goes there every summer and enjoys his 1 month vacation.

 

Issue 4) the issue of the review of the conditions and status of Cuba.

An island country in the Caribbean Sea south of Florida. Originally settled by Arawak Indians, it was discovered by Columbus in 1492 and was colonized by Spain beginning in 1511. Spain relinquished its control of Cuba in 1898 as a result of the Spanish-American War, and following a three-year occupation by U.S. forces; the island became self-governing in 1902. Fulgencio Batista dominated the government of Cuba from 1933 until 1959, when Fidel Castro ousted him. Havana is the capital and the largest city. Population: 10,960,000.

Cuba is a communist country. We must review the status of Cuba because as a communist country, it maybe using this money for weaponry…. etc. This applies to our country because every country must have its conditions reviewed. The kind of policies I would support the UN for is this because this is important Issue. If a country were not reviewed, then it would go to the wrong road. Ukraine will vote with a resolution that gives Cuba a second chance to prove itself, but that doesn’t mean that Ukraine trusts Cuba, its only that Ukraine gives Cuba a second chance. IF Cuba doesn’t change, then sanctions maybe formed. This Relates to Ukraine is that Ukraine wishes only not to destroy its relationship with Cuba since Ukraine is a peace loving country. This also relates to Ukraine that Ukraine exports to Cuba some natural resources which is about 5-10% of Ukraine's budget. If Ukraine does not react to this problem, then this 10% will be lost and Cuba will not buy any stuff from Ukraine (Ex. Muslim world refusing to buy stuff from Denmark.)

 

 

 

Security Council Clauses


A. The issue of electing a permanent president for the SC:

1- Urges all countries to reconsider this issue. The rules are that he must not be form any of the 15 countries to keep away any rumors…etc. Second, he must do a swearing in the SC, and must have experience in leadership and must be loyal to SC and Suspends all other nations from the SC that are willing to elect a president from their own country, since this will cause more hatred between countries

 

B. The issue of the Iranian nuclear program: -

1. Requires that the Iran suspend all its nuclear programs, especially those regarding uranium for nuclear arms, without any conditions;

2 Establishes, under the UN. Secretary General the United Nations Iran Inspection Agency, UNIA, which would:
A. Consist of inspectors chosen by the Secretary General,
B. Carry out inspections in possible nuclear program locations in Iran
C. Face no barriers or conditions from Iran,
D. Submit monthly reports to the Security Council,
E. Continue on its objective until further decisions by the Security Council;

3. Declares that if Iran doesn’t comply with this resolution, economical sanctions by the Security Council will be imposed that is, the SC will have another session just to discuss sanctions, and nuclear energy will be taken away and UN will fund the Iranian children by:
A. Sending food,
B. Sending household materials,

 

C. The issue of directing attentions in the Himalayan region:

1. Demands that all countries must help save this issue and fund through certain things: -
A. Arranging meetings with the Kashmirians and Nepalese to discuss and solve this issue.
B. If this does not work then the IAEA will form boundaries to separate the Himalayan region in half to equal amounts to Nepal and Kashmir.
C. Sign an agreement that states that no arguments shall be taken from either sides and if anyone doesn't follow what is written the paper the country will be put in the blacklist and will be kicked out of UN.

 

D. The issue of the review of the conditions and status of Cuba.

1. Demands that all countries in the UN should give Cuba a second chance in proving itself since Cuba is a communist country and is suffering from many things like the sanction from the USA. This does not follow the Declaration of Human Rights, and does not follow the democratic regulations;

2. Declares that giving Cuba a second chance might substantially change Cuba’s policy towards democracy;

3. Encourages all delegates in the UN and especially in the SC to lift sanctions off Cuba and think of the poor anguished children that are in Cuba and give Cuba a second chance in proving itself. Think of the human rights that are in Cuba, they are not being treated properly, this must change through: -
A. Intensifying the education in Cuba and teach them that communist is a wrong thing and democracy and human rights must rule the world.

 

 

 

Opening Speech:


Every time the word hears the country Ukraine, they hear supporting details about Ukraine saying many positive things. Ukraine doesn’t blame the press, the papers, and the organizations about what they say. Ukraine is a country known for cooperation. You may ask why and how. Well, Ukraine is cooperative because Ukraine believes that in cooperation, the job gets done faster and that cooperation is the true power behind success. Ukraine is a country filled with natural resources and grew a lot from the 1900. Ukraine is cooperative when she joined the UN and many other organizations. On the other hand, Ukraine is a country with discipline and organization. Ukraine also tries to solve its own problems, and then ask for help, because Ukraine us a very self-dependent country.

Ukraine arch nemesis is Russia. This rivalry is now continuing to grow. Ukraine is having this huge argument with Russia and refusing to send the oil through pipes under the Ukrainian lands since it is against the law just as the president of Ukraine stated. Ukraine also lacks Oil, so this may get Ukraine into some sorts of trouble, so Ukraine may think of reviewing and studying this issue since its important for Ukraine. If Russia gives Ukraine oil and pay a lower amount of taxes, Ukraine will allow Russian oil to pass.

This does not mean that Ukraine likes Russia and is making oil move freely. Ukraine has certain rules about this. One of the rules is that Ukraine gets about 15% of oil that passes through monthly. Second, Ukraine will have these pipes under Ukraine’s guard and will and not Russian. Lastly, Ukraine will not remove taxes, but in fact lower them. This shows that Ukraine has even more advantage that Russia. This issue has to do with oil, which is the source of energy in our world. Ukraine welcomes all fellow nations to this meeting and hopes and prays to get the best results possible.

 

 

 

Statement of the Delegate

President Yushchenko:

The Ukraine's performance at pearl MUN 2006 was off the hook. I represented Ukraine very well. For example, you were not there, but when I got up onto the stage, the GA was starting to doubt me, but after a well delivered speech, all GA delegates and the guests applauded me. Anyhow, in the SC, I joined forces with France and UK to bring up a great clause and which was voted for after a good delivered speech. Second, there was a clause in the SC by the delegate of Japan, everyone was voting for it, but when I came and spoke against it, I changed the mind of 5 permanent countries and 3 other countries (excluding me) which made a pretty good impact. Also, I embarrassed Russia and made a fool out of her because she is an enemy of Ukraine. At the end of Pearl MUN, most of delegates congratulated me for a good job, and the ADMIN staff too, and even the Chairs. The Ukraine’s name rose up high.