Country: the United States of America

Qatar 2006

Students:
Abdullah Al-Mdaires, Reform Security Council and Ambassador
Sara Fakhral-Deen, Security Council
Saoud Al-Sabah, US National Security Council
Dhari Al-Ajeel, Social
Mishal Karam, Human Rights
Hamad Al-Mufarrej, Special Committee
Abdulaziz Al-Qatami, US Ambassador to Iraq



Links to other sites on the Web:
Link to the US Ambassador to Iraq's Work
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The American National Anthem



The Star Spangled Banner

Oh, say! can you see by the dawn's early light
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming;
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight,
O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming?
And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there:
Oh, say! does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep,
Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam,
In fully glory reflected now shines in the stream:
'Tis the star-spangled banner! Oh, long may it wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!

And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion
A home and a country should leave us no more?
Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps' pollution!
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave:
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

Oh, thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand
Between their loved home and the war's desolation!
Blest with victory and peace, may the heav'n-rescued land
Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation!
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto: "In God is our trust":
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.


The United States of America





The United States: Country Profile

Political structure:-

The United States of America is the most important country in the world. It is made out of 50 states. The United States of Americaís capital is Washington although it is not the largest state. The Parliament and White House are both in capital Washington DC It is a federal government, which shows that democracy, is very important in the United States.

Federalism is a mode of political organization that unites independent states within a larger political framework while still allowing each state to maintain its own political integrity, the distribution of power between states and the federal authority will vary from system to system, all federal systems preserve the ability of state governments to decide matters of local importance without interference from the federal superstructure. THUS THE STATES AND CENTRAL GOVERNMENT SHARE POWER.

Its government is broken down into three branches, which are the executive branch, legislative branch, and the judicial branch. There no individual decision making in the USA, this is because all decisions are must be mainly authorized by the Congress and White House.

The USA believes in the division of powers, which means that in a federation, the division of power between the branches of the government. However in the USA we see these days that there is a branch who doesnít believe in thus which is the executive branch.

The executive branch consists of the chief of state that is the president and vice president. The legislative branch consists of the congress and the House of Representatives, and these two sub branches were very strong at passing bills for the Iraqi combat. The judicial branch is the branch that consists of Supreme Court United States Courts of Appeal; United States District Courts; State and County Courts. Americaís democracy depends on a constitution at 17 September 1787. In his terms as president bush used a lot of his executive privilege to hold information on Al-Qaeda, Executive privilege is is a claim asserted by the President of the United States and other members of the executive branch to justify withholding of documents and information from other branches of government.

The Supreme Court is the only court established by the United States Constitution; all other federal courts are created by Congress. Like other federal courts, the Supreme Court may exercise the power of judicial review, or the power to declare federal or state laws, as well as the actions of federal and state executives, unconstitutional. This court could even put the presedint imself into trial. The COURT will decide matters such as whether the president can lock people up without trial, even foreigners.

When it comes to elections there are some main rules that a president must have. The president of the US must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, must be at least 35 years old, and be a resident of the country for at least 14 years. Off course the president of the US changes every 4 years, however he can be elected twice, i.e. 2 consecutive times.

The US is the most politically stabled country in the world and that is because of some reasons. First, The 2 main parties that are always present in the congress and president elections are the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. Second, it is advance in all ways economically politically and many other arenas. For these parties there are interest groups which help fund these organizations usually companies that are major supporters these two groups have. For example, Bill Gateís Microsoft supported the Democratic Party by making two hundred computers in every campaign the Democratic Party had. In his terms as president bush used a lot of his executive privilege to hold information on Al-Qaeda, Executive privilege is is a claim asserted by the President of the United States and other members of the executive branch to justify withholding of documents and information from other branches of government.

Congress was given the power to declare war and the president was given the power to wage war. What that means is that under our system of government, the president cannot legally wage war against another nation in the absence of a declaration of war against that nation from Congress.

The Constitution clearly grants the Congress the power to declare war, in Article 1, Section 8. The President, however, is just as clearly made the Commander in Chief of all of the armed forces, in Article 2, Section 2. That having been said, the ability to defend the nation or to take military action has often not involved the Congress directly, and the President's role as "C-in-C" is often part of the reason for that. The president can sometimes call the troops out without a decleration of war, which is done usually for small things. Vietnam was not a war, because both president Johnson and Nixon NEVER went to Congress for a War Declaration. They thought it would finish soon. AFGHANISTAN and the "War on Terror" are both technically NOT wars. Further, Congress sometimes gets very angry about this seeing this as a theft of its powers if the president "calls out the troops" without a Declaration. It tends to go this way. If a small conflict gets big enough, Congress starts a commotion and calls for the president to either (a) declare war or (b) get the troops home. That finally happened in Vietnam when the US had over a MILLION MEN in Vietnam. Thus Iraq is war, because Bush declared to the congress, and Afghanistan was not since he didnít tell them.

The Republican Party mainly stands for Neolibertarianism holds that the best form of national government is one that promotes capitalism and strong national defense policies, including the use of pre-emptive military engagements if necessary. Its white males who most for the republican party. The republicans are in the Right party. The Republican party is th richest party, because mostly it owns all big industries in the USA.

The democratic party mainly stand for liberalism which is an ideology, or current of political thought, which strives to maximize liberty. Liberalism seeks a society characterized by freedom of thought for individuals, limitations on the power of government and religion, the rule of law, the free exchange of ideas, a free market economy that supports private enterprise, and a system of government that is transparent, a liberal democracy with open and fair elections, where all citizens have by law equal rights and an equal opportunity. Blacks [over 90%!] and some conservatives vote for this party, and gays voted for democrats. Feamles and gays also vote for the democratic party. The democrats are in the Left party.

 

Political: The Presidentís National Security Council (Saoud)

The National Security Council was established by the National Security Act of 1947 (PL 235 - 61 States. 496; U.S.C. 402), amended by the National Security Act Amendments of 1949 (63 Stat. 579; 50 U.S.C. 401 et seq.). Later in 1949, as part of the Reorganization Plan, the Council was placed in the Executive Office of the President.

The National Security Council is the President's principal forum for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials. Since its inception under President Truman, the function of the Council has been to advise and assist the President on national security and foreign policies. The Council also serves as the President's principal arm for coordinating these policies among various government agencies.

The main purpose of forming the NSC was that a foreign policy maker, and by forming the council it gave the USA a better perspective on its foreign policy. The main threats that faced the USA and were a catalyst in forming the council were the Soviet Union and China. The Soviet Union and China were challengers of the USA on the political and military field, so it was essential that the council to be formed to that it gave the USA more solutions in solving critical decisions. Currently, the main threat that faces the United States of America is terrorism. Since the 9/11 attacks, terrorism has been the main issue facing the United States of America, and the USA has been fighting terrorism since that day. Countries that were considered as terrorist nations and the USA has fought against to end terrorism in their nation were Afghanistan and Iraq. At the moment, Iran and North Korea fall in the category of terrorism and it is the USA's ambitions to stop them.

The members of the NSC are probably the most elite in the country of the United States of America. The chair of the council is definitely President Bush. Its regular attendees (are the Vice President, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Defense, and the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is the statutory military advisor to the Council, and the Director of Central Intelligence is the intelligence advisor. The Chief of Staff to the President, Counsel to the President, and the Assistant to the President for Economic Policy are invited to attend any NSC meeting. The Attorney General and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget are invited to attend meetings pertaining to their responsibilities. The heads of other executive departments and agencies, as well as other senior officials, are invited to attend. The CIA is not a member in the council but it can be an observer and can provide advices.

 

Geography:

A country with a large land scale such as the United States of America must have some unique geographical features. First of all, the geographic location of the US is in North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, and is between Mexico and Canada. Secondly, the US is the third largest country in land area, were it has a total area of land and water combined of 9,631,418 sq. km. The land area of the US is 9,161,923 sq. km, and the water area is 469,495 sq. km. As the land area of the US is large, also its land boundaries are large as well. Canada has the largest land boundary with the US; the border boundary is approximately 8,893 km. Mexico also has a land boundary with the US the reaches to approximately 3,141 km.

The terrain of the United States of America is definitely one of the most breath taking terrain on the globe. The US' landscape has different features; among those features are temperate forestland, rolling hills, mountains, river valleys, and a volcanic topography. Examples of the features are: mangrove, in Florida; the Great Plains, in the center of the country; the Mississippi-Missouri river system; the Great Lakes, which the US has four out of five and shares it with Canada; the Rocky Mountains, in the west of the Great Plains; deserts and temperate coastal zones, in the west of the Rocky Mountains; and temperate rain forests, in the Pacific northwest; and Alaska's tundra, and the volcanic tropical islands of Hawaii.

As the terrain of the United States of America differs from area to area, the climate differs as well. The climate varies from the tropical weather in Hawaii and Florida, the tundra frosty climate in Alaska and in some mountains. Most of the southern region experiences an almost tropical climate, where there is high humidity and rain in the summer. Rainfall decreases from the humid forests of the Eastern Great Plains to the semi-arid short grass prairies on the high plains adjacent to the Rocky Mountains. The desert climate extends from western Texas to California and north until Nevada. The variety of climate also leads to a greater variety of food and nutrition resources.

 

Natural resources:

The country of the United States of America has a massive large area, and it is definitely sure to have rich, if not the richest natural resources within its root. Beneath the rich soil of the US lay several rich resources. Some of the rich minerals of the US are: coal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber, and oil. The large forestry area of the US helped it to have timber as a natural resource. Moreover, the US is a major producer of energy.

Despite the fact that the US is major producer of oil and natural gas, its consumption of both resources are very high indeed. The US produces 7.8 million bbl/ day (for oil); however, it consumes 19.65 million bbl/ day (for oil). In addition, the US produces 548.1 billion cu m of natural gas, and consumes 640.9 billion cu m of natural gas. Therefore, the US must import oil and natural gas in order to satisfy its wants.

For emergency needs, the United States of America has strategically locations for its oil reserves. The location of the oil reserve sites or in: Bryan Mound near Freeport, Texas; Big Hill near Beaumont, Texas; West Hackberry near Lake Charles, Louisiana; Bayou Choctaw near Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The benefits of having those strategic oil reserves are: it is first line of defense against interruption in critical petroleum supplies, deterrent to hostile cutoff of oil imports, provides economic security, and increases worldwide stability.

On the other hand, due to the fact the US has a beneficial use of its arable land; it has many agricultural products. The agricultural products that the US produces are: wheat, corn, other grains, fruits, vegetables, cotton; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; forest products; fish. The agricultural products produced come in very handy to the economy, were it stabilizes the cost of importing minerals by exporting the agricultural products. Hence, the US can rely on itself for agricultural needs, and does not need to import many agricultural products. The main agricultural products that the US exports are: soybeans, fruit, and corn; and its main import products that it imports are the industrial supply.

The United States of America accepts GM products within its nation. Genetically Modified products give the US many benefits. Some of the benefits the crops section is that it gives enhanced taste and quality, reduced maturation time, increased nutrients, yields, and stress tolerance, improved resistance to disease, pests, and herbicides, new products and growing techniques. For the animals it gives them increased resistance, productivity, hardiness, and feed efficiency, better yields of meat, eggs, and milk, improved animal health and diagnostic methods. It also has benefits for the environment which are: friendly bioherbicides and bioinsecticides ", conservation of soil, water, and energy, bioprocessing for forestry products, better natural waste management, more efficient processing.

Although it is beneficial for the US to produce GM products, there will be some negative effects in the trading sector. EU countries have banned the production and are against the production of GM products. So therefore, the trade ties between the US the EU nations will be a bit shaky and decrease because they cannot trade GM products together. On the other hand, the US creates subsidies for agricultural products, and that leads to a surplus in exports. Hence, the US exports the surplus to Africa, which increases trade within the two parties.

 

Cultural factors: -

The United States of America is a place where many civilizations began and some ended. It is a grouping of many ethnic groups and religious groups; all religions are there in USA. USA was made and evolved by many people many different nationalities that gathered together and formed the new strong America. Its population is 290,342,554 people; the population is broken into ethnic groups which are white 77.1%, black 12.9%, Asian 4.2%, Amerindian and Alaska native 1.5%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.3%, other 4%. As we can see the whites are the majority of the population.

There are many religious groups in The United States of America that Protestant 56%, Roman Catholic 28%, Jewish 2%, other 4%, none 10%. The Christians are the majority of the population because Protestants and Catholics represent Christians. The Jewish is the strongest, but culturally its Christians and it grows faster since it has 74% of the population. Also Jews are growing fast and are having much influence on the government

Many conflicts form because ethnicity. One of the main groups in USA is the Hispanics. These people are characterized with the sense of pride of being Hispanics, and live in BARRIORS [MEANING=NEIGHBORHOOD in SPANISH]. They mainly immigrate from South America and Cuba and Mexico, and cause problems of unemployment. They call it the American Dream, and they also face racism from the whites. Because they are poor they face economic and political racism, but at the end the Supreme Court head judge is of Hispanic origin. Also, however, they're altering American culture, as they're Catholic and Spanish speaking.

There are many religious and ethnic problems in the US, but ONE OF the main one is the ethnic problem, which is between blacks and whites. Blacks suffered hundreds of years in the hands of white racists that killed many blacks. However, a new problem brought by Bin laden at September 11 when he bombed Americaís twin towers, and caused a disgrace were Arabs in America were politically, sexually, and socially abused by some American whites and blacks.

In every community there ARE two society the rich society and the poor society, and these societies have great differences. The rich people will have political and economical power; this group of people mainly constitutes of whites and others who have high jobs. E.g. Condilzia Rice. The poor society is the group of people who the government forgets till it comes time to voting for the president or parliament. The poor people are who care for unemployment and social security rules. The people who also care for these rules are the ones in the middle class who constitute of people like accountants.

Arab Americans are facing prejudice after the war on terror although many of them support it. People believe that these Arabs are part of the terrorist network in the world, especially white Jew Americans. Thus these groups suffered extreme prejudice after September 11 which triggered this war against Arabs. This lead to many Arab Americans going back to their terrorist lands and hating the USA for what some people do against them.

 

Ideology of the Bush Regime:-(courtesy: Dr. Daniel R. Fruit)

The Bush regime is an ideologically driven one. In one other words, it has a set of core beliefs and values that it applies to situations, instead of looking at situations in order to arrive at conclusions. Further, it will use the full extent of executive and military powers given it in order to achieve those ends.

In order to understand that regime requires understand its ideology and its supporters. Its ideology, an extreme form of neo-Conservative ideology, argues that wars over resources and culture are inevitable and culturally based. As a result, the democratic forces of the United States should strike first to get the greatest possible advantage. Specifically, it considers War in the Middle East as inevitable and even necessary struggle of democracy against Islamic extremism. In this sense, one can see a direct line of connection between Bush's hero, Reagan, who fought the Cold War USSR, and Bush, who believes himself fighting an ideological war against the forces of Islamic Terrorism. Terrorism and Islamic Fundamentalism have become, for Bush, the substitute for the USSR menace.

A number of right-wing Think Tanks and ideologues give the theoretical framework for this view. Huntington's "Clash of Civilization" is often cited along with the work of Bernard Lewis as showing that in the Middle East will inevitably cash with the West. Reading the titles of articles by authors such as Richard Perle suggest that Moslem culture in general will not change without the use of force. It should come as no surprise that most of these authors come form a Cold War background. Huntington encouraged the bombing of the Vietnamese countryside and Perle worked for Reagan. To an almost uncanny degree one can substitute the word's "fundamentalism" for "Communism" in their thoughts and strategies. All of these thinkers take it for GRANTED the US will clash with Moslem powers. In their view, then, 911 simply had to happen. If anything it served to "wake up the public," like the Russians blowing up their atom bomb did in the 1950s or the bombing at Pearl Harbor. It's very simple to them: democratic west versus decadent, Moslem East. This categorization of "for us" or "against us," harkens back to the Cold War mentality and, sure enough, the Bush administration extends this same logic to every situation.

If one assumes that war in the Middle East is inevitable, as they suggest, one needs to prepare for it, and that means securing forward bases and allies. Perle, in particular, and Wolfowitz argue the military importance of Israel. They also, long before Bush's election, argued for the overthrow of Saddam. Their reasoning had nothing to do with Kuwait or sanctions but military position. Securing Iraq would allow, with Israel, the control by threat of Syria and Iran, possibly leading to the eventual overthrow of both governments. Further, a free, democratic Iraq would act as an example to the Moslem world of a free democracy AND, as it happens, shore up the oil supply necessary to win a War. A presumably friendly Iraq would sell all of the oil the US needs. WELL BEFORE 911, Bush's regime discussed invasion scenarios for Iraq based on these ideas. Almost the day after 911, Bush's advisors started discussing the overthrow of Saddam's government. Powell, the lone moderate in the Bush government, opposed this as "the wrong war at the wrong time." Again, these foreign policy advocates won out over Powell and, through Powell appear in his famous, and ultimately embarrassing, speech before the UN, made him look ludicrous. Make no mistake: Bush and Powell purposely modeling the speech on that given by Kennedy's UN Ambassador Adlai Stevenson regarding Russian missiles in Cuba.

The military, perhaps not surprisingly, offered lukewarm support for the Bush regime. The top general appreciated Bush's general policy of letting them fight "any way they wanted," including the various torture incidents. They also needed a more reliable base in the Middle East because, since Kuwait and Saudi Arabia proved unwilling to host families, the permanent basing of troops in the Middle East meant a serious strain on military families. Further, Powell gave them a pay raise. However, the Bush administration foisted on them a new secretary of Defense Rumsfield, who was, in his own way, an ideologue. Rumsfield wanted a smaller, more high tech army, and he forced the troops to Iraq to fight in the way he proscribed, refusing to give them reinforcements, then and now. Fewer troops in the armed forces mean more deployments, which means more strain on military families. Therefore, the military's support of Bush is continuing but wary. Probably one characterize this support as more stemming from their class, the military comes from the South and West, traditionally conservative areas than anything else.

Needless to say, these ideologues don't think a lot of the UN. They realize that the UN did not bring about the end of the Cold War; the US did. As a result, they advocate leaving the UN or, as often, simply ignoring it. It says something about the Bush administration that it appointed as its UN ambassador someone who outspokenly criticized it. It did the same thing in forcing Paul Wolfowitz, an outspoken critic of international institutions, on the World Bank. Basically, the Bush regime regards these institutions as useless in the one on one war of good versus bad.

The language above sounds, perhaps as no surprise, religious! That's because the Christian Right and Jewish pressure groups are the other major ideological groups backing the Bush Regime. The Religious Right wants exactly, and somewhat ironically, the same kind of tightening of social controls in the US as the Salafists do in Kuwait. However, at the same time, they believe very much in an apocalyptic struggle between good and evil abroad. Christians believe that war with the forces of evil is inevitable, and with evil you make no bargains. Therefore, just as Bin Laden, they believe war in the Middle East will occur, and once you accept that, again, you prepare. As a result, they share the same attitudes as almost all of the ideologues above regarding Middle Eastern policy. During the Cold War, the Christian right formed a constant element of support for presidents as they fought, note the phrase here, the "Godless Communists." To the Christian Right, there's only ONE thing worse than a Godless Communist is it's someone worshipping a false God, i.e. "Allah" instead of "God."

The importance of Jewish thinkers here is particularly important. They believe in the inevitable war between Jews and Moslems. A surprising number of the ideologues above are also Jewish. Here their political ideology just happens to match their religious fear and hatred of Moslem states. If the Christian right provides the vast majority of Bush's followers, the Jewish right provides a lot of its thinkers and, through various agencies, a lot of the funding for his think tanks. These Jewish groups, like the Christian right, while not welcoming 911 by any means, regard it as a wake-up call to the faithful and, sure enough, they support the far right in Israel.

To return to Israel, in the minds of the Bush followers, Israel under Sharon, even more than the US under the Cold War, provides the Model State. US internal security is now modeled on that of Israel. America's "first strike" doctrine is modeled on that of Israeli's "ticking bomb" policy of Israel. In fact, it'd be hard to find a state more in step with Bush Ideology than Sharon's Israel.

Light and darkness, good and evil, THAT is America's current foreign policy. Now certain extremely practical people have benefited from this policy. Companies like Haliburton have no ideology other than profit, and yet they've enormously benefited from Bush's moves, and surely they've given a lot of money in political support to them. However, I think you should not confuse and say that Bush is simply doing this for money or personal gain. Some companies have profited on the Bush's regime philosophy, but they don't make it.

Good and evil, for me or against me, that's Bush's philosophy. Further it sees everything in the nature of a SINGLE struggle. As a result, EVERY ISSUE that can possibly be tied into this struggle is tied in. Of course, this is because it's a Cold War philosophy. During the Cold War, a revolution in a Chile or Somalia probably DID relate to either the US or Russia. However, the Bush administration puts a lot of unrelated issues into the War on Terrorism. Famously, the Iraq War had little to do with terrorism in the US [though mind you Saddam WAS funding suicide bombings in Palestine, and, sure enough, that did not escape the attention of Bush's Jewish advisors!] except as securing these forward bases. Similarly, N. Korea has nothing to do with terrorism, and yet, sure enough, the Bush administration ties into terrorism with almost every speech. They talk about the POTENTIAL of N. Korea to sell weapons to terrorists.

Just as every ISSUE is tied to this struggle, so is every state categorized as "good or evil." Surely, you realize that this category simply does not fit some states at all. Yet the Bush administration would not blink at saying, say, Mexico is supporting terrorism if it'd voted against the Iraq Invasion in the SC [as it wanted to do]. Sure enough, the Bush administration finds no fault with Saudi Arabia, yes Saudi Arabia, because it's more or less helping the US by hunting Saudi terrorists, purely, of course, to save the Saudi monarchy, even as it's funding tafrik schools in Pakistan [!] which recreate terrorism. Similarly, the US now calls Pakistan a "good ally," and took it off the black list, sure enough a Moslem country that covertly acquired nuclear weapons, and is giving it $2 billion a year because Musharraf has FINALLY made a stand against Islamists in Pakistan. Their decision to back Musharraf, a dictator like Saddam, is extremely Cold War: better a bad dictator than an Islamist. The idea that the Islamist opposition in Pakistan could ever add anything meaningful to the political dialogue would never occur to these men any more than the idea that a Communist Vietnam would be better than one ruled by corrupt, petty dictators backed by the US.

If you assume that you're in a Cold War type struggle, then, sure enough, you should use EVERYTHING you've got. That justifies, for example, the use of torture. Instead of banning the use of torture, the Bush regime tried to redefine it so that they could torture and not call it torture. Again, this is a Cold War mentality. Similarly, if you're involved in a struggle of good and evil, you can use all of your weapons. Thus, Bush made his famous statement that, should the terrorists use biological weapons, the US will respond with nuclear weapons. Substitute military invasion for biological weapons, and you a quote by Ronald Reagan. What makes Bush possibly even more dangerous is his advocacy of the Israeli use of "first strike." If you use a nuclear weapon on a city where someone is supposedly preparing a biological strike, you'll never find out if he was going to strike or not.

This, then, is the Bush regime. It believes that it is spreading democracy and freedom in a world beset with enemies, and, specifically, a Moslem Islamist enemy that wants to destroy the United States. In this struggle, there is only "good" and "evil," and compromise is a sell-out. The United Nations is only useful if it can be forced to take a side against this evil. The Christian Right sees this evil also in terms of its religion, the untrue Islamic religion that oppresses the people and encourages them to fight the chosen people, the Jews.

 

Religion: -

In USA you should be able to practice any religion you want, and will no be hurt. Is this true it used to be before September 11, Muslims are considered a minority in the USA. This minority is highly affected by racism and extreme dislike and hate within US citizens. Muslims practice what they want, but in every movement they are followed and should always be in fear of attack. The American community is holding these poor hundreds of thousands responsible for what Bin Laden did. There are questions by the Muslims such as: Will there be any new rules against us? Why is there anybody who really hates us?

The answer relies on the Jews yes they oppose Muslimís goals thus they created the conflict in Israel. The reason is that it has lots of money and has a large number of representatives in the congress. Wherever Jews lived, they held in common not only the heritage of Jewish law and other normative Jewish institutions, but also patterns that arose from their universal position as a beleaguered minority. Some of those policies that they follow are contention with a hostile environment, provision of needs that could be met only within the community, self-organization to minimize the intervention of outside authorities, and maintenance of relations with those authorities.

From a majorityís definition a group of people who have economic and political power we know that Jews are extremely strong. This is what increases the ties between USA and Israel, and what makes the US Israelís main ally. But isnít there another religion that has the main majority, why isnít stronger than the Jews? The Jews believe they deserve Israel, because of their past history and problems there. And the USA supports them in that believe because itís a main ally for it in the Middle East, because it has so few allies it must hold on to this strong ally.

Also, because the Jews in the USA are romantic about Israel this made the government support and fund Israel. Jewish America is concentrated in only TWO states, both important, New York and Florida. To win an election, as Bush shows, a president must carry at least ONE of those two states.

The Christian Right is a term collectively referring to a spectrum of conservative Christian political and social movements and organizations characterized by their strong support of social values they deem traditional in the United States and other western countries. The terms Christian Right and Religious right are sometimes used interchangeably, although this is problematic.

The main and most spread religion in USA is Christianity, and its always accounted for when a person enters presidency. This is because all Christians want a president who respects their religion. However, Christians are not as strong as Jews economically thus weaker politically. But in all Christians are stronger than Jews in America, because Christians have a full agenda but Jews donít.

However, they have a voice heard through the Christian Right whose point of view is always taking into consideration, because they have an influence on Christian people. Christian Right supporters want the president to respect Christianity and consider their beliefs about different issue. These people supported the Republican party, because the leader (Bush) is a religious Christian.

Thus this group of people influence the Republican Party, they want many in the Christian Right refer to apocalyptic and other Biblical prophecy in their support of Israel, and support of Israel is often seen as a matter of biblical doctrine. Israel figures prominently in the school of interpretation of Biblical prophecy called premillennial dispensationalism, which with regard to its political implications contributes significantly to the movement sometimes, called Christian Zionism. The Laws that they want are that they are against gays, abortion, support the war of Iraq and any other Moslem country. They support the war against Iraq, and provide strong support for George W. Bush and he depends on them a lot

 

Economy: -

The United States of America has one of the most solid economies, were there is the latest technology. The US economy is yearly rising in all ways, which shows that its economy is stable in a yearly increasing way. As we can see many things harmed the US strongly, however its economy stood solidly and strongly. US business firms enjoy considerably greater flexibility than their counterparts in Western Europe and Japan in decisions to expand capital plant, lay off surplus workers, and develop new products. The USA faces competition from Asian countries some are allies like Japan and some are enemies like China.

The USís GDP grows yearly in an average of 2.4%. With a per capita GDP of $37,600 the US strengthens yearly economically. The composition of sectors of the GDP is agriculture: 2% and industry: 18% and services: 80%. Oil is one of the most important factors that strengthen economies of countries, In USA there is oil but they also export and import oil.

A small amount of these products is exported, because for the agricultural resources the US is self-sufficient. The US exports for natural resources are Canada, Mexico, Japan, the UK, and Germany, France and the Netherlands and some other countries. Also it imports its resources from Canada 17.8%, Mexico 11.3%, China 11.1%, Japan 10.4%, and Germany 5.3%.

Every country has labor and its one of the most important things in each country, labor is when converting natural resources into goods. The number of available workers and, more importantly, their productivity help determine the health of an economy. Throughout its history, the United States has experienced steady growth in the labor force, and that, in turn, has helped fuel almost constant economic expansion. Until shortly after World War I, most workers were immigrants from Europe, their immediate descendants, or African-Americans whose ancestors were brought to the Americas as slaves. In the early years of the 20th century, large numbers of Asians immigrated to the United States, while many Latin American immigrants came in later years. Some immigrants cause problems like unemployment for US citizens, because they are cheap labor. Thus it will lead to an increase in unemployment rate and no change in the labor force since they are immigrants. Studies have failed to measure these immigrants, but MANY AMERICANS believe that they do not benefit at all taxpayers.

Every country has imports and exports and the US has many imports and exports. The US exports capital goods, automobiles, industrial supplies and raw materials, consumer goods, agricultural products to many of its export partners who are Canada 23.2%, Mexico 14.1%, Japan 7.4%, UK 4.8%. Also, the US imports are crude oil and refined petroleum products, machinery, automobiles, consumer goods, industrial raw materials, food and beverages and these imports come from the USís import partners who are Canada 17.8%, Mexico 11.3%, China 11.1%, Japan 10.4%, and Germany 5.3%. Also, the United States of America has many economic partners that are its exports and imports, and the main partners are UK, Canada, and Japan. These are alliances that were done by the US with some countries, because of some economic treaties with these countries.

NAFTA (North American Free Trade agreement) was signed by USA, Canada, and Mexico in January 1994, thus forming the largest free trade agreement. The Agreement has brought economic growth and rising standards of living for people in all three countries. In addition, NAFTA has established a strong foundation for future growth and has set a valuable example of the benefits of trade liberalization. All signatories benefited from NAFTA, because by eliminating tariffs all countries gained and especially for trade between Mexico and USA as they a re strong trade partners. Some people say that NAFTA works but may disagree, because it was basically to eliminate poverty in Mexico but it failed to do so. NAFTA helped Mexico but not as it was desired. Yes NAFTA worked, but it didnít achieve all goals that the treaty or agreement wanted.

The economy of the United States of America is very stable, because of its mixed economy and mainly its industries are owned by strong people or the government its self. First, its export partners and import partners are very strong countries like Japan and the United Kingdom. Second, many countries like Columbia depend nearly 40-50% on its exports and imports to the US. This shows how many countries GDPs depend on the US. Third, the USís economy is growing every year and its GDP is getting higher, which shows how the countryís economy is stable. Economically the US is a very stable country, and this stability is a result of many things happening in the US history. But this stability could change, because of competition from other countries.




Defense: -

Currently, the United States of America is the leading super power in the world; hence it has the strongest military powerhouse in the world. The Department of Defense under the secretary Donald Rumsfeld controls the three military branches. The three military branches are the Army, Navy and Marine Corps, Air Force. However, the Coast Guard falls under the authority of the Department of Homeland Security.

The Army branch of the military is responsible for the land military operations worldwide. The army of the US is divided into the following categories: Infantry, Armor, Field Artillery, Air Defense Artillery, Corps of Engineers, Army Aviation, and Special Forces.

The United States Navy is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. The navy contains of 281 naval ships. Moreover, it has over 4,000 aircrafts under its command. The navy branch also contains several US Navy aircraft carriers and they are:

Abraham Lincoln (CVN72), America (CVA66) Antietam (CV-36) , Bataan (CVL-29) , Belleau Wood (CVL-24) , Bennington (CV-20) , Bonhomme Richard (CV-31) , Boxer (CV-21) , Bunker Hill (CV-17) , Cabot (CVL-28) , Carl Vinson (CVN-70) , Constellation (CV-64) , Coral Sea (CVB-43) , Cowpens (CVL-25) , Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69) , Enterprise (CV-6) , Enterprise (CVN-65) , Essex (CV-9) , Forrestal (CVA-59) , Franklin (CV-13) , Franklin D. Roosevelt (CVB-42) , George H. W. Bush (CVN-77) , George Washington (CVN-73) , Hancock (CV-19) , Harry S. Truman (CVN-75) , Hornet (CV-8) , Hornet (CV-12) , Independence (CVL-22) , Independence Kennedy (CV-67) , Kearsarge (CV-33) , Kitty) , Langley (CV-1) , Langley (CVL-27) , Lexington (CV-2) , Lexington (CV-16) , Leyte (CV-32) , Midway (CVB-41) , Monterey (CVL-26) , Nimitz (CVN-68) , Oriskany (CV-34) , Philippine Sea (CV-47) , Princeton (CVL-23) , Princeton (CV-37 -40) , Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) , Ticonderoga (CV-14) .

The aviation sector in the United States of America's military is called the US Air Force. Remarkably, the US has the largest air force globally. The US has over 7,000 aircrafts in service and many air bases world wide. In addition, the US Air Force has the most advanced technology in the aviation sector.

The US has the strongest manpower in the military on the face of the earth. The age of military recruitment in the US is 18 years of age. The US allows both male and female genders to participate in the military. The number of males that are available for military service is 67,742,879 and the female's number is 67,070,144. The US has a current number of 1.4 million active personnel, alongside with several hundred thousand each in the Reserves and the National Guard. Military.

A country with the military power of the United States of America MIGHT have its military power deployed several places in the world. The US has a number of 368,000 soldiers deployed worldwide. The location of the soldiers and their numbers are as follows: in the United States, 28,600 soldiers providing forces here for homeland security. In Guantanamo Bay, the US has 1,500 soldiers. In the Balkans the US has 5,100 soldiers. The largest commitment, obviously, is in Operation Iraqi Freedom and in the Southwest Asia CENTCOM AO in support of that, 167,000 soldiers. In Afghanistan the US has 9,600 soldiers.

However, there is a major problem in the deployment of the troops. The percentage of the troops deployed is more than half the amount of the army. In case of an emergency of any source, the US will have a major problem in regrouping its troops in order to solve a serious crisis.

The current budget prepared for the military is vast in money value. The 2005 defense budget amounted to $401,700 million, which is an increase of 4% over 2004 and of 35% since 2001. Due to this large number of money spent on military purposes it takes up a large component of the nation's Gross Domestic Product. The military expenditures reach up to 3.3% of the nations Gross Domestic Product only for military purposes.

The United States of America has currently 702 bases within 132 different countries world wide, the number of bases proves the strength and size of the US' military strength and size. Recently, the US is involved in many militarily conflicts worldwide such as: the war in Iraq, the war in Afghanistan, and a minor intervention in Haiti.

Most importantly, the United States of America has and produces nuclear arsenals.

 

Views on World Problems:

The United States has continuously worked towards the eradication of world terrorism. This is evident in the war in Afghanistan back in 2001. We were trying to rid Afghanistan of the Taliban who are thought to be responsible for the tragic events that took place on 9/11 as well as other terrorist acts throughout the world. Furthermore, this was the original motivation for the US mission in Iraq.

Operation Iraqi Freedom was initiated in March 2003 and shortly thereafter in December of 2003 the former Iraqi dictator was captured. Ever since, there have been numerous terrorist acts all over Iraq and the US, in turn, has devoted a great deal of time and a number of resources in order to maintain peace and security. Also, the USA has helped Iraq immensely in becoming a democracy, and they helped maintain immeasurable security during the votes. Despite the continued terrorist attacks and/or acts in Iraq, the USA is remaining in Iraq to ensure the safety of the Iraqi people. President Bush is constantly drafting and sending more troops and soldiers to Iraq and bringing some back to their homes. Countless American soldiers have died, but President Bush remains firm and resolute on maintaining peace in Iraq at any cost. That is because President Bush firmly believes that due to the US's intervention in Iraq, the Iraqi people were freed from the dictator Saddam Hussein and gave them the right to a democratic government.

There are several countries and millions of individuals who were opposing or still are against the Iraqi war. Some countries who criticized Bush's approach to this conflict are Iran, North Korea, Cuba, France, and Germany.

We also see the US fighting terrorism through combating the nuclear crisis in the case of Iran and North Korea. Both countries are trying to develop nuclear weapons, which is considered a threat to world security and a violation of UN laws.

As seen above, the USA is determined to abide by as well as make sure that all the countries of the UN are abiding by the laws, declarations, and regulations of the UN. That explains our concern with Iraq and the nuclear crisis in North Korea and Iran. Many people believe that the US has the UN following its every decision and action and not punishing it, people believe that the US has influenced the UN greatly and has it working for them.

The US is on good terms with many countries; however, there are a few countries that are considered 'enemies' of the USA. Among the USA's allies are the United Kingdom, Israel, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Kuwait, South Korea, and Japan. There are also some so-called allies or "allies," which include France, India, and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. As for its enemies, they include the Russian Federation, North Korea, the Islamic Republic of Iran, and Cuba. Basically, however, most of or all of the democratic countries in the world are considered allies of the US as long as they do not pose a threat to the US. Generally speaking, the USA has an unstable relationship with Europe. That is because the USA basically has the United Kingdom, but its relations with France, Russia, and Germany arenít very clear or stable.

Specifically speaking, among the three countries, the relationship with France has probably been the unstable, that with Russia can be considered the most stable, and that with Germany can be considered the most ambiguous. France hasnít been supporting the USís ideas in the SC that concern the world for quite a while. As for Russia, its relations with the US have been vague. In other words, Russia has been supporting the US in some of its decisions or ideas and disagreeing with some of its other decisions. The relationship between the US and Germany is very hard to be put into words. Germany and the US can be described as being quite distant in their different decisions, and theyíve been indifferent with these distances in the face of the public. Germany, basically, opposes the US's policies whenever their policies go against Germany's policies or interests. For example, it is highly suspected that Germany had relations with Iraq before the war in 2003, so it opposed the US when it decided to invade Iraq. Nevertheless, the US does have allies in Europe other than the UK.

Moving on to Asia, the US has several allies in Asia alongside a few enemies. Specifically, the US is on good terms with Japan and has been for quite a while. However, the relations between China and the US have been ambiguous for a long time, now, on the other hand, the US and China are starting to become strong allies. More importantly, the relationship between the USA and South Korea can be explained as a fairly tight bond. On the other hand, one of the USA's major enemies is North Korea. That is mostly due to the fact that South Korea is a democracy while North Korea's government IS a COMMUNIST dictatorship.

The USA is a member of several UN organizations. Among which are: African Development Bank (AfDB), Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), Asian Development Bank (ADB), G-5, G-7, G-8, G-10, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Criminal Court (ICC), International Health Organization (IHO), International Labor Organization (ILO), International Monetary Fund (IMF), Interpol, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), World Health Organization (WHO), and World Trade Organization (WTO).

 

History: -

The US has a long tradition of fighting for independence, freedom, and its way of life; it also has ambiguous, uncertain relationship with the rest of the world, alternating between isolationism, internationalism, and the strident imposition of its beliefs on others. Different presidents tend to define different eras.

One of the most important aspects that occurred in the American history is the American Revolution. The American Revolution is the series of events, ideas, and changes that resulted in the political separation of thirteen colonies in North America from the British Empire and the creation of the United States of America. It is generally agreed that the revolution took place during the time of the French-Indian war (1754-1763), and ended in 1789 when George Washington was elected as president.

The trigger that ignited the American Revolution was when the British wanted to reconstruct its expansive North American possessions. In order to make the Empire more stable and profitable, new economic and land distribution policies were implemented. The colonies that were in Northern America were angered by such an act that it triggered the idea of an American Revolution.

By 1776, the colonies had overthrown their existing government, closing courts and driving British agents and governors from their homes, and they had elected conventions and "legislatures" that existed outside of any legal framework, new constitutions were desperately needed in each colony to replace the superseded royal charters.

The next important event that occurred in the United States of America is the Civil War. The American Civil War lasted four years, from year 1861-1865. The main conflict was between the north and the south of America concerning slavery. At the end in 1865, the north won and brought an end to the slavery era. The cost of the American Civil War was extreme, were it damaged the economy severely.

Another important incident that occurred in the history of the United States of America is World War One. The conflict lasted five years, from 1914-1919. The ignition of the war started on June 28, 1914, when Franz Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb student. After the assassination of Ferdinand, it set a crisis in Europe called the July crisis, which spread discontent around Europe. Later on, Germany declared war on Russia and that increased the fuel to the burning fire that is happening across Europe.

The interference of the United States of America in the war started in the year of 1917. Early in 1917 Germany resumed its policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. This, combined with public indignation over the Zimmermann telegram, led to a final break of relations with the Central Powers. President Woodrow Wilson requested that the U.S. Congress declare war on Germany, which it did on April 6, 1917. Later on in December 1917, the US declared war on Austria. The war came to a halt in 1918, when the US troops crushed the German forces.

In 1929, the United States of America suffered a great tragedy called the Great Depression. The Great Depression was an economic failure of the country, for which it lasted 10 years. The depression in encountered a very high unemployment rate and a great drop in the Gross Domestic Product.

At the year 1941 after World War I there was a new war, World War II which was thought to be the end of wars. The United States of America was harmless they did not want attack any body, but the Japanese were not as cool as they looked like. They attacked Pearl Harbor, and also Germany declared a war against the US. In addition, the US also ended this war by dropping 2 nuclear bombs in Japan.

Wars did not stop America was again involved in two wars the Gulf war and the cold war. The cold war in early 1990s was the stop of communism and the Soviet Union, the US did that to reduce communism in the world. The Gulf war was when Iraq invaded its neighbors Kuwait, many resolutions passed on this issue but one was done with major actions which was the US were allowed to enter Kuwait and liberate it. So it was also liberated, many wars passed that the US ended and begun. The US has a very important history and its history shows how solid its actions are.

 

POST 1990 history: -

Since the end of the Cold War, the U.S. has sought to revitalize Cold War institutional structures, especially NATO, as well as multilateral institutions such as the International Monetary Fund and World Bank through which it promotes economic reforms around the globe. NATO was set to expand initially to Hungary, Poland, and the Czech Republic and has since moved further eastward. In addition, U.S. policy placed a special emphasis on the neoliberal "Washington Consensus," manifesting in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which went into effect in 1994.

Conflict in the Middle East triggered yet another international crisis on August 2, 1990, when Iraq invaded and attempted to annex neighboring Kuwait as its nineteenth province. Leading up to the invasion, Iraq complained to the United States Department of State about Kuwaiti slant drilling. This had continued for years, but now Iraq needed oil revenues to pay off its debts and avert an economic crisis. Saddam ordered troops to the Iraq-Kuwait border, creating alarm over the prospect of an invasion. April Glaspie, the United States ambassador to Iraq, met with Saddam in an emergency meeting, where the Iraqi president stated his intention to continue talks. Iraq and Kuwait then met for a final negotiation session, which failed. Saddam then sent his troops into Kuwait.

U.S. officials feared that Iraqi President Saddam Hussein was then on the verge of armed conflict with oil-rich Saudi Arabia, a close ally of Washington's since the 1940s. The Western world condemned the invasion as an act of aggression; U.S. President George H.W. Bush compared Saddam to Hitler and declared that if the United States and international community did not act, aggression would be encouraged elsewhere in the world.

The U.S. and Britain, two of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, convinced the Security Council to give Iraq a deadline to leave Kuwait. The Western world was determined to not let the Kuwaiti oil supply fall under the control of Saddam, fearing it would have a dire impact on the global economy. Iraq at the time had accumulated a huge foreign debt and was striving to pay off the debts accumulated during the Iraq-Iran War. Perhaps in response, Saddam was pushing oil-exporting countries to raise oil prices and cutback production. Westerners, however, remembered the very destabilizing effects of the Arab oil embargo of the 1970s.

Saddam ignored the deadline, and the Security Council declared war on Iraq. The war commenced in January 1991, with U.S. troops forming the majority of the coalition, which participated in Operation Desert Storm. By the time Iraqi troops withdrew from Kuwait in late February, Iraq had lost an estimated 20,000 troops, with some sources speaking of as many as 100,000 casualties on the Iraqi side.

Clinton entered office as one of the youngest presidents in U.S. history. Promising to focus on and resolve some of the United States' many domestic issues, he entered office with high expectations in some quarters, despite his low showing in the 1992 popular vote. Immediately, however, he was dogged by controversies over the personal backgrounds of some of his appointees, and by political clashes stemming from his announcement that he would permit homosexuals to serve openly in the U.S. military.

In December 2002, the US blocked a draft resolution criticizing the killing by Israeli forces of several United Nations employees and the destruction of the World Food Program warehouse in the West Bank. In total, the US has blocked 36 draft resolutions on Israel. The US first used its veto in March 1970. Along with the UK it blocked a draft resolution on what was to become Zimbabwe. The US has vetoed 10 resolutions criticizing South Africa, eight on Namibia, seven on Nicaragua and five on Vietnam. It has been the lone voice in blocking a resolution 54 times.

 

The Bush Presidency: -

George W. Bush was sworn in as President on January 20, 2001. The first eight months of his term in office were relatively uneventful; however, it had become clear by that time that the economic boom of the 1990s was at an end. The year 2001 was plagued by a nine-month recession, witnessing the end of the boom psychology and performance, with output increasing only 0.3% and unemployment and business failures rising substantially. President Bush approved a large federal tax cut with the intent of revitalizing the economy.

On the morning of September 11, 2001, four airliners were hijacked; two of them were flown into the World Trade Center towers in New York City and another into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, destroying both towers and taking just under 3,000 lives. The fourth planes crashed in southern Pennsylvania after some passengers fought back and are believed to have caused the piloting hijackers to crash. The immense shock, grief and anger brought on by the attacks profoundly altered the national mood; Osama bin Laden and his al Qaeda terrorist network sponsored the attacks and President Bush announced a "war on terror."

Congress approved several measures to protect against future attacks, including creating the Department of Homeland Security and passing the USA PATRIOT Act, which was criticized by groups such as the American Civil Liberties Union. The administration's military response was to invade Afghanistan on October 7, 2001, targeting al Qaeda and the Taliban government that supported and sheltered them. The U.S. was joined by a coalition, which included forces from more than a dozen countries, and was successful in removing the Taliban from power, although fighting continues between the coalition and Afghans of various factions.

In his State of the Union address in January 2002, President Bush called Iran, Iraq, and North Korea an "axis of evil," accusing them of supporting terrorism and seeking to acquire weapons of mass destruction. The Bush administration began making a public case for an invasion of Iraq, on the grounds that Saddam Hussein supported terrorism, had violated the 1991 U.N.-imposed cease-fire, and possessed biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons, among other charges.

Some important allies of the U.S., including France, Germany, and Canada, did not believe that the evidence for the President's accusations was well founded enough to justify a full-scale invasion, especially as military personnel were still needed in Afghanistan. The United Nations Security Council did not approve of the invasion, and the U.S. therefore provided most of the forces in the invasion of Iraq. With the support of a coalition whose major partners included the United Kingdom, Australia, Poland, Spain, and Italy, Iraq was invaded on March 20, 2003.

After six weeks of combat between the coalition and the Iraqi army, the invading forces had secured control of many key regions; Saddam had fled his palace, his regime clearly over; on May 1, Bush declared, under a sign reading "mission accomplished," that major ground operations were at an end. Saddam Hussein's sons Qusay and Uday were killed by U.S. forces; Saddam himself was captured in December 2003 and taken into custody. Nevertheless, fighting with the Iraqi insurgency continued and escalated through the 2004 U.S. national elections. With casualties increasing and the cost of the invasion and reconstruction of Iraq estimated at over $200 billion, the war has lost about one-third of its supporters in the U.S. since the end of major operations was announced. Recent polls suggest that international displeasure with the United States is at an all-time high, with a majority of people in Europe believing that the country is too powerful and acts mainly in self-interest, and a vast majority in predominantly Muslim nations believing that the United States is arrogant, belligerent, or hateful to Islam.

George W. Bush was re-elected in November 2004, defeating Democratic contender John Kerry in an electoral vote, and receiving 51% of the popular vote. Republicans also made gains in both houses of Congress, contrary to recent mid-term electoral trends. George W. Bush is a major person in the history of the USA since some will think of him as a courageous president and will look up to him, the rest will think he is the worse president in US history for his policies

 

 

 

Policy Statements

Reform SC: -

Nuclear weapons in N. Korea and Iran

Nuclear weapons are massive devices that would kill millions of people; thus a problem is when it falls in the wrong hands. Many countries are in threat of these weapons; thus there should not be developed in irresponsible countries that threaten of the use of this weapon. The United States of America and a few other countries specified that they could develop WOMD. Two main countries that didnít sign a treaty that allows them the use of WOMD are North Korea and Iran. They should be stopped because they threaten the peace and stability of other countries. South Korea and Israel are both victims of the threat of these weapons. Iran is developing nuclear weapons and North Korea has nuclear weapons. Yes technology changes but we must not put that technology in the hands of terrorists like Iran and North Korea.

The official Administration line is that Iran is developing weapons of mass destruction. Ignoring the fact that US allies such as Pakistan and Israel are doing exactly the same, the truth is that Iran has built, under Russian supervision, a nuclear power plant to ease its power crisis. To date about 60 outside inspections have been conducted and all have deemed Iran clean. Iran is also a party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which India, Israel, and Pakistan all refuse to sign. .

The US always tried to stop these countries in all diplomatic ways possible, but they didnít answer. The US asked Iran to close these nuclear programs or allow inspectors in, however the answer was NO. We thought there would any improvement with the new president, but it appears he is worse, and may have participated in terrorist acts against US citizens. In the other hand we asked North Korea to stop developing more weapons, by making meeting and even threatened them but they also resisted.

The USA believes strongly that these two nations should be stopped from developing WOMD especially that they are threatening other countries. The US pressures Iran because its afraid from Iran hurting its closest ally Israel and may hurt Iraq in another way by funding terrorists.

Thus we urge the UN which is always hesitant or decisive in its acts to do something. We believe that force is the last resort in any conflict, and thatís why we say we may use force since they didnít answer back to the world asks. North Korea should be stopped in any way since it is a dictatorship that should be stopped. If the UN acts then it will eliminate the worldís axes of evil from having WOMD. The plan of action of the USA against Iran possessing nukes IS to go to the SC.

In 1994, the administration of President Bill Clinton had begun preparations for military action against North Korea when former President Jimmy Carter traveled to North Korea in June and extracted a promise from Kim Jong Il to freeze nuclear production. The Agreed Framework was signed on Oct. 21, 1994.

Under the Agreed Framework, North Korea agreed to halt activities at its plutonium producing nuclear reactors in Pyongyang in exchange for a relaxation of economic sanctions, a gradual move toward normalization of diplomatic relations, fuel oil deliveries, and construction of a light-water reactor to replace the graphite-moderated reactor shut down at Pyongyang. Plutonium from light water reactors is harder to use for nuclear weapons than the plutonium procured by graphite-moderated reactors.   IAEA inspectors monitored North Korea's compliance. Upon completion of the light-water reactors, originally scheduled for 2003 but subsequently indefinitely delayed, North Korea was to dismantle its graphite reactors and ship its 8,000 remaining fuel rods out of the country.

Shortly after signing the agreement, North Korea began seeking nuclear weapons fuel through uranium enrichment. In the late 1990s, the United States began to receive scattered intelligence reports revealing a North Korean uranium enrichment program. Some evidence points to the existence of this program as early as 1987. This program apparently received new life in 1997 when Pakistan, strapped for cash by U.S. sanctions, began paying for its North Korean missile imports with uranium enrichment technology.

On Oct. 16, 2002, the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush disclosed that North Korea had admitted to having a program to enrich uranium for use in nuclear weapons. With its admission, North Korea, also known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea or DPRK, abrogated the Agreed Framework signed in 1994 with United States, under which the North Koreans agreed to freeze their nuclear weapons program.

On Dec. 10, 2002, North Korea announced it would restart plutonium production and eject the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors who monitored North Korea's compliance with the Agreed Framework. On Jan. 10, North Korea withdrew from the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), an international accord prohibiting the acquisition and proliferation of nuclear weapons.

The fuel used in nuclear warheads can come from either uranium enrichment or plutonium reprocessing. North Korea has pursued both tracks. North Korea's uranium enrichment program, were it to continue, could produce highly-enriched uranium sufficient for nuclear weapons in roughly five years, depending on available technology.1  Prior to acceding to the Agreed Framework, North Korea probably produced enough plutonium for one or two nuclear weapons, although some estimates range to five or six.   It is unclear whether North Korea actually produced nuclear weapons with this plutonium. Today intelligence analysts generally agree that North Korea is capable of producing nuclear warheads.  The Bush administration holds that North Korea has produced a few weapons, but many experts argue that difficulties in building detonation devices may thus far have prevented the North from finishing their weapons.   Resumed nuclear production could give North Korea enough plutonium for a nuclear weapon within a few months and five to seven nuclear weapons by mid-2003.  

On>February 10, 2005, the Foreign Ministry of North Korea made its most explicit statement yet concerning nuclear weapons. The announcement was treated in the West as a bolt out of the blue and a slap in the face after what was regarded as President Bushís conciliatory gesture of refraining from specifically condemning North Korea in his State of the Union address. Only the month before, it appeared that resumption of the six-way negotiations was imminent. A congressional delegation traveled to the DPRK (Democratic Peopleís Republic of Korea - the formal name for North Korea) in January and talked with North Korean officials. Afterwards, delegation head Rep. Curt Weldon said, "Our unanimous impression is that the DPRK is ready to rejoin the six-party process."

The North Korean news service KCNA reported that its delegation told the congressmen that "the DPRK would not stand against the U.S. but respect and treat it as a friend unless the latter slanders the formerís system and interferes in its internal affairs." North Korean officials assured the congressional delegation that the DPRK "would opt for finding a final solution to all the outstanding issues between the two countries" and take part in the six-party talks if the attitude of the congressmen reflected that of the Bush Administration.

It was a promising development, but not for those in the Bush Administration who preferred "regime change" in North Korea to peaceful negotiations. Only five days after the congressional delegation left the DPRK, Condoleezza Rice named North Korea in her Senate confirmation hearing as one of six nations she categorized as "outposts of tyranny." Two weeks later, President Bush delivered his State of the Union address, in which he promised to "continue to build the coalitions that will defeat the dangers of our time," and to "support democratic movements in the Middle East and beyond, with the ultimate goal of ending tyranny in our world." It was not hard to infer the inclusion of North Korea in that policy, given the juxtaposition with Riceís words.

The US position is that this crisis will be solved throughout the six nations talks (DPRK, S. Korea, Russia, Japan, China, USA). As a result, any UN resolution can do little, other than force those talks to reach the outcome ALL desire. N. Korea will not go to the SC for punishment. At most the SC can reinforce those talks.

 

2) Darfur Crisis

The USA believes that the situation is a genocide case. Moreover, the USA believes that the situation is sort off similar to Iraq in a different fashion. It is similar because the problems in Iraq were originally caused by ethnic and race problems. In Darfur, the problem is that oil is not equally shared due to ethnic problems. For this reason, the fights between the rebels and started and continues until this very moment. The USA believes that the situation should be solved similarly as the one in Iraq but in diplomatically means; the use of force would not be necessary. If the economic measures improve in Darfur, then the political situation will be better and more stable. Moreover, the USA is on a mission of fighting against terrorism. How does that relate to the situation in Darfur?

Well it is totally related because the government of Sudan is listed as a fundamentalist Islamist terrorism government. It is the mission of the USA to fight terrorism and the USA feels that the terror acts of the Sudanese government must come to an end. In addition, the USA sees that the rebels in the region of Darfur are out favored, and feels that they deserve more than what they are having right now. The USA believes that the rebels should have the right to obtain oil in their region and should be treated in a more humane fashion.

The conflict began in the arid and impoverished region early in 2003 after a rebel group began attacking government targets, claiming that the region was being neglected by Khartoum. The rebels say the government is oppressing black Africans in favor of Arabs. There have been fighting for many years over land and grazing rights between the mostly nomadic Arabs and farmers from the Fur, Massaleet and Zagawa communities. The most known rebel groups are the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice and Equality Movement (Jem), which have been linked to senior Sudanese opposition politician Hassan al-Turabi. The Darfur crisis has dominated the news for major years, and yet there are no solutions for it. And it became more complicated in the last year since the Christian opposition leader died. Many countries have tried to help and interfere but none of them succeeded in making a peace deal for the two sides. The crisis resulted in the death and displacement of many people.

The USA has tried to help to solve the crisis in many different ways including talks with the government and sending humanitarian aid. The USA failed in any way to negotiate a solution for the issue from both sides. Thus the USA feels that the UN should end this battle and stop the massacres because the only way to stop this problem is this use of force. As predicted this is a beginning of a war of religions and war of race, the people will be broken down into groups who will fight each other resulting in a war. This war will affect the African continent as a whole; thus this crisis should be stopped.

The US held out the carrot that the US would lift sanctions on Sudan if the war ends. The US is also keeping a close eye on Sudan because of fears that terror groups may operate there. Osama Bin Laden lived in Khartoum in the early 1990s and helped finance several major public works.

The USA believes that if Chad is financing militias in Sudan then an action must be done to stop it.

The USA proposes that the rebels also must have the right to obtain oil in Sudan and can sell oil to anyone they desire. Moreover, the rebels can trade with whom they desire. It will be better that free trade to be established in the region in order to solve the crisis.

The proposal of "Oil For Peace" program could be the key to establish peace in the region. The program will allow the equal distribution of oil between the rebels and the Sudanese government in exchange of peace. Moreover, the program will allow the rebels to trade the oil with whom they desire and that will allow for peace to be established in the region.

 

 

United States National Security Council (Saoud)

Issue (1):Darfur

The USA believes that the situation is a genocide case. Moreover, the USA believes that the situation is sort off similar to Iraq in a different fashion. It is similar because the problems in Iraq were originally caused by ethnic and race problems. In Darfur, the problem is that oil is not equally shared due to ethnic problems. For this reason, the fights between the rebels and started and continues until this very moment. The USA believes that the situation should be solved similarly as the one in Iraq but in diplomatically means; the use of force would not be necessary. If the economic measures improve in Darfur, then the political situation will be better and more stable. Moreover, the USA is on a mission of fighting against terrorism. How does that relate to the situation in Darfur?

Well it is totally related because the government of Sudan is listed as a fundamentalist Islamist terrorism government. It is the mission of the USA to fight terrorism and the USA feels that the terror acts of the Sudanese government must come to an end. In addition, the USA sees that the rebels in the region of Darfur are out favored, and feels that they deserve more than what they are having right now. The USA believes that the rebels should have the right to obtain oil in their region and should be treated in a more humane fashion.

The conflict began in the arid and impoverished region early in 2003 after a rebel group began attacking government targets, claiming that the region was being neglected by Khartoum. The rebels say the government is oppressing black Africans in favor of Arabs. There have been fighting for many years over land and grazing rights between the mostly nomadic Arabs and farmers from the Fur, Massaleet and Zagawa communities. The most known rebel groups are the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice and Equality Movement (Jem), which have been linked to senior Sudanese opposition politician Hassan al-Turabi. The Darfur crisis has dominated the news for major years, and yet there are no solutions for it. And it became more complicated in the last year since the Christian opposition leader died. Many countries have tried to help and interfere but none of them succeeded in making a peace deal for the two sides. The crisis resulted in the death and displacement of many people.

The USA has tried to help to solve the crisis in many different ways including talks with the government and sending humanitarian aid. The USA failed in any way to negotiate a solution for the issue from both sides. Thus the USA feels that the UN should end this battle and stop the massacres because the only way to stop this problem is this use of force. As predicted this is a beginning of a war of religions and war of race, the people will be broken down into groups who will fight each other resulting in a war. This war will affect the African continent as a whole; thus this crisis should be stopped.

The US held out the carrot that the US would lift sanctions on Sudan if the war ends. The US is also keeping a close eye on Sudan because of fears that terror groups may operate there. Osama Bin Laden lived in Khartoum in the early 1990s and helped finance several major public works.

The USA believes that if Chad is financing militias in Sudan then an action must be done to stop it.

The USA proposes that the rebels also must have the right to obtain oil in Sudan and can sell oil to anyone they desire. Moreover, the rebels can trade with whom they desire. It will be better that free trade to be established in the region in order to solve the crisis.

The proposal of "Oil For Peace" program could be the key to establish peace in the region. The program will allow the equal distribution of oil between the rebels and the Sudanese government in exchange of peace. Moreover, the program will allow the rebels to trade the oil with whom they desire and that will allow for peace to be established in the region.

 

 

Security Council:-(Sarah)

1) Darfur crisis: -

The USA believes that the situation is a genocide case. Moreover, the USA believes that the situation is sort off similar to Iraq in a different fashion. It is similar because the problems in Iraq were originally caused by ethnic and race problems. In Darfur, the problem is that oil is not equally shared due to ethnic problems. For this reason, the fights between the rebels and started and continues until this very moment. The USA believes that the situation should be solved similarly as the one in Iraq but in diplomatically means; the use of force would not be necessary. If the economic measures improve in Darfur, then the political situation will be better and more stable. Moreover, the USA is on a mission of fighting against terrorism. How does that relate to the situation in Darfur?

Well it is totally related because the government of Sudan is listed as a fundamentalist Islamist terrorism government. It is the mission of the USA to fight terrorism and the USA feels that the terror acts of the Sudanese government must come to an end. In addition, the USA sees that the rebels in the region of Darfur are out favored, and feels that they deserve more than what they are having right now. The USA believes that the rebels should have the right to obtain oil in their region and should be treated in a more humane fashion.

The conflict began in the arid and impoverished region early in 2003 after a rebel group began attacking government targets, claiming that the region was being neglected by Khartoum. The rebels say the government is oppressing black Africans in favour of Arabs. There have been fighting for many years over land and grazing rights between the mostly nomadic Arabs and farmers from the Fur, Massaleet and Zagawa communities. The most known rebel groups are the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice and Equality Movement (Jem), which have been linked to senior Sudanese opposition politician Hassan al-Turabi. The Darfur crisis has dominated the news for major years, and yet there are no solutions for it. And it became more complicated in the last year since the Christian opposition leader died. Many countries have tried to help and interfere but none of them succeeded in making a peace deal for the two sides. The crisis resulted in the death and displacement of many people.

The USA has tried to help to solve the crisis in many different ways including talks with the government and sending humanitarian aid. The USA failed in any way to negotiate a solution for the issue from both sides. Thus the USA feels that the UN should end this battle and stop the massacres because the only way to stop this problem is this use of force. As predicted this is a beginning of a war of religions and war of race, the people will be broken down into groups who will fight each other resulting in a war. This war will affect the African continent as a whole, thus this crisis should be stopped.

The US held out the carrot that the US would lift sanctions on Sudan if the war ends. The US is also keeping a close eye on Sudan because of fears that terror groups may operate there. Osama Bin Laden lived in Khartoum in the early 1990s and helped finance several major public works.

The USA believes that if Chad is financing militias in Sudan then an action must be done to stop it.

The USA proposes that the rebels also must have the right to obtain oil in Sudan and can sell oil to anyone they desire. Moreover, the rebels can trade with whom they desire. It will be better that free trade to be established in the region in order to solve the crisis.

The proposal of "Oil For Peace" program could be the key to establish peace in the region. The program will allow the equal distribution of oil between the rebels and the Sudanese government in exchange of peace. Moreover, the program will allow the rebels to trade the oil with whom they desire and that will allow for peace to be established in the region.

 

2) Reform of the Security Council:

The UN SC is probably the most important and eminent part of the UN. It is the only branch of the UN that has the capacity to fulfill its resolves. It started out with 11 members, but now it has 15 members. Five of the fifteen members are permanent, and the other ten rotate. The five permanent SC members are the United States of America, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, the Republic of France, and the Peopleís Republic of China. These five permanent members are the only members of the SC that possess the power known as the veto power. This power allows these countries to reject any resolution proposed in the Council that it finds incongruent to its own ideals.

Reforming the SC would mean accepting new permanent members. The USA believes that probably the only country that is fit to take a seat as a permanent member in the SC today is Japan. It is by far the only country that the USA deems fit to take a seat and rise up to the standards of being a permanent member of the SC is Japan. Japan appears to have the capability to meet the challenge of filling a new seat as a permanent country in the SC and meeting the unique standards and requirements of being a permanent member of the SC. Hence, the USA believes that if the SC was to be reformed Japan must be given a seat as a permanent member. There will be several incentives for the other countries to agree to let Japan be a permanent member in the SC. To start off with, Japan as the second largest economy in the world, which could greatly helping boosting the UNís economy. Japan will also be willing to aid in peacekeeping operations worldwide. Furthermore, there will be a treaty that Japan will sign that ensures that its stops developing nuclear weapons and any nuclear energy plants; this treaty will last for no less than 40 years. Hence, that will lessen the tensions between China and Japan slightly, seeing as Japan will no longer be considered a nuclear threat to China. There will be a few more incentives for other countries.

 

Social:-Dhari

Issue1: freedom of press in Middle East

Knowledge is the key to success. A person would not get anywhere unless he knows what he supposed to know. The world is tough, and in order to get through this tough world, you need to know about it and what is going on currently across the globe. The press, journalist, cameramen and others have dedicated their lives to giving you the news you need to know. These people have gone through storms, dodged bullets and went through extremely stressful conditions. Doesnít the world think these dedicated citizens of the world need their freedom to report or view to the rest of the world what they researched and reported?

The United States of America believes that the press should get their freedom as soon as possible and specifically the press in the Middle East. The Middle East has always been a place where a lot of drama has occurred, and the only reason we know that is because of the press that works there. There is no reason what so ever why the press should not have their freedom, either in the Middle East or any other part of the world.

Issue 2: Cloning

The possibility of human cloning raised when Scottish scientists at Roslin Institute created the much-celebrated sheep "Dolly", aroused worldwide interest and concern because of its scientific and ethical implications. The feat, cited by Science magazine as the breakthrough of 1997, also generated uncertainty over the meaning of "cloning" --an umbrella term traditionally used by scientists to describe different processes for duplicating biological material. The real Question is what is cloning? And are there different types of cloning? When the media report on cloning in the news, they are usually talking about only one type called reproductive cloning. There are different types of cloning however, and cloning technologies can be used for other purposes besides producing the genetic twin of another organism. A basic understanding of the different types of cloning is key to taking an informed stance on current public policy issues and making the best possible personal decisions. The following three types of cloning technologies will be discussed: (1) recombinant DNA technology or DNA cloning, (2) reproductive cloning, and (3) therapeutic cloning.

The United States of America stands firmly against Cloning. The US believes that we as humans created by god, who is the only one capable of making life, should not interfere with the makings of life. It is true us humans can help lives, save lives and change lives, but we are not licensed to create new life, it is true we are capable of it. The US believes that cloning has extreme side affects and serious health situations; it is against human rights that we create life that we know is going to be destroyed. The United States objects to cloning and wishes that all countries object as well.

 

 

Human Rights (Mishaal)

Isuue1: - Religious Freedom in Authoritarian Nations

The term authoritarian is used to describe an organization or a state which enforces strong and sometimes oppressive measures against those in its sphere of influence, generally without attempts at gaining their consent and often not allowing feedback on its policies. In an authoritarian state, citizens are subject to state authority in many aspects of their lives, including many that other political philosophies would see as matters of personal choice. Authoritarianism often arises from the governing bodies' presumption that they know what is right or wrong for the country and from intolerance of dissent. The government then enforces what it thinks is right, often with use of considerable force and sometimes in blatant violation of human rights. Differing opinions are ignored, or, more strikingly, are considered to be plotting against the best interests of the country. The leaders or government of an authoritarian regime is ruled by an elite group that uses repressive means to stay in power.

The United States thinks that every individual is entitled of freedom of religion. Also the United States being a country that supports freedom of the public thinks that this is a major violation to human rights, which it is. The United States thinks that even in authoritarian nations people should have the freedom to believe in and follow any religion they want. Some examples of authoritarian nations are Russia, Korea, China, Iran, Syria, and Sudan.The United States agrees that all people should have the freedom of religion. There should be an organization created in the United Nations Human Rights Commission that follows up what countries are not letting people practice theyíre freedoms. Also this organization should set severe consequences to those countries who do not follow and abide the new laws that will be set by this organization. By doing this people around the world who are not granted certain freedoms will not feel oppressed and this will make relations between the government and the people better.

 

Issue 2:- Child Soldiers

The military use of children refers to children being placed in harm's way in military actions, the desire being to protect a location or provide propaganda. It may also refer to the use of children as child soldiers or saboteurs. Throughout history and in many cultures, children have been extensively involved in military campaigns even when such practices were supposedly against cultural mores. Children have been both participants in and victims of atrocities, and the recruitment of children as soldiers is a practice that has survived into modern times. Children have been used as spotters, observers, message-carriers, and even as human shields. To counter their reluctance, the children are dulled by forcing them to commit brutalities and to take drugs that inhibit guilt and fear. Propaganda, revenge and fear of being left alone influence children to "voluntarily" stay in the army. There have been many cases in which child soldiers have been use dlike in the United states and Vietnam war, the Israeli Palestinian conflict, the Soviet Union in Afghanistan, and in the Iraq Iran war. Also there are some western countries like the United Kingdom and the United states that use youths in combat.

An estimated 300,000 children under the age of eighteen are currently participating in armed conflicts in more than thirty different countries on nearly every continent. While most child soldiers are in their teens, some are as young as seven years old. This is a very serious issue that has spread amongst the countries of the world. Recently, a strong international movement has emerged to put an end to the practice like for example the Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers. There have been many efforts that help in putting an end to the use of child soldiers but non of these efforts have helped a lot. The United States which is a country that supports this issue should create a sub organization within the human rights committee along with countries which share the same goal of getting rid of the use of child soldiers. This organization will be like a joint coalition between the United States and some other countries. This would help go a step forward to stop the use of child soldiers.

 

Issue 3:- World Poverty

World poverty is like a serious plague that is affecting almost the whole world. Poverty is the state of being without the necessities of daily living, often associated with need, hardship and lack of resources across a wide range of circumstances. For some, poverty is a subjective and comparative term; for others, it is moral and evaluative; and for others, scientifically established. At times poverty can be used to describe of material need, including deprivation of essential goods and services, multiple deprivation, and patterns of deprivation over time. Also the term can be used to show Economic circumstances, describing a lack of wealth. At other times the term poverty can be used to describe Social relationships, including social exclusion, dependency, and the ability to live what is understood in a society as a normal life. Poverty is spreading and it is affecting the countries of the world in very negative ways. For example some countries in Western Africa have financial problems and many debts towards other countries. They also lack some social relationships with neighboring countries and some other countries.

The United States has tried helping poor countries by contributing financial aid, sending medical experts to countries who cannot afford them, and distributed needed food products. The United States and the United Kingdom have forgiven some debts from some countries, but the rate of poverty did not change much there are still many poor countries. However, the United States believes that the ultimate goal to helping with poverty is the free market economy, which is one where scarcities are resolved through changes in relative prices rather than through regulation. If a commodity is in short supply relative to the number of people who want to buy it, its price will rise, producers and sellers will make higher profits and production will tend to rise to meet the excess demand. The United States has joined many organizations and is trying to prevent world poverty. Also the US has contributed to try to stop poverty by going to summits like the United Nations World Summit.

 

 

 

Resolutions



Country: United States of America
Committee: General Assembly
Issue: the question of the trade of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction.

Defining nuclear weapons as explosive devices designed to release nuclear energy on a large scale, used primarily in military applications as www.encarta.com stated,

Noting with Regret, as Encarta.com stated, that nuclear weapons have many effects like Penetrating Radiation, climate change, damaging buildings by blast effects thermal effects,

Noting that the International court of justice ICJ declared in the year 1996 that any use or the threat to use of nuclear weapons in armed conflicts would generally be contrary to the rules of international law on armed conflict, particularly international humanitarian law,

Further notes that proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, as well as their means of delivery, constitutes a threat to international peace and security,

Concerned by the threat of illicit trafficking in nuclear, chemical, or Biological weapons and their means of delivery, and related materials, which adds a new dimension to the issue of proliferation of such weapons and also poses a threat to international peace and security,

1) Requests the formation of a UN sponsored organization UNPDO (United Nations Peaceful Disarmament Organization) that will headquarter in Switzerland and will be active as soon as this resolution passes,

2) Resolves that the UNPDO will consists of inspectors and scientists from the UN,
A. It would have to consist of 200 scientist and WOMD specialist that research a way to stop the WOMD by having systems that detect it.
B. Providing the inspectors with special advanced technology detectors. The scientist with a full lab for researching WOMD,
C. The representatives would inform countries that have the WOMD to the SC,
D. Providing the scientist and specialist with a full exploring system that would detect weapons in all over the world;

3) Declares that the only countries that have the power to have WOMD are the veto countries, and that would be part of the UNPDO because they are the ones looking for the safety of the whole world,

4) Further resolves that the UNDPO would have yearly conferences which,
A. Gives warnings to countries that have WOMD and NPT
B. Would make sanctions in which any contries that have WOMD, and doesnít get rid of it in 48 hours of the warning would be sent to the SC
C. Makes inspections on countries suspected of WOMD and would not stop until the organization is 100% sure that there is no WOMD
D. Another conference every six months for all NPT treaty signatories,

5) Emphasizes, that countries that have, WOMD and do not cooperate would have to be,
A. Taken off all resources they buy from any country
B. Having attorneys putting law suits and sewing these countries for having dangerous arsenals that could harm the people in many courts of justice if the country does not act,
C. Having the members of the organization producing a report to the General Assembly which will have evidence that will show that the company is guilty and then produced to the SC to take action against the company suspected,

6) States that there would be two branches of UNDPO in every continent. And that branchís locations would be:
A. Asia: China and Qatar,
B. North America: USA and Canada,
C. Europe: Russia and France,
D. South America: Brazil and Peru,
E. Africa: Egypt and Nigeria;

7) Urges all States, in accordance with their national procedures, to adopt and enforce appropriate effective laws which prohibit any veto country actor to manufacture, acquire, possess, develop, transport, transfer or use nuclear, chemical or biological weapons and their means of delivery, in particular for terrorist purposes, as well as attempts to engage in any of the foregoing activities, participate in them as an accomplice, assist or finance them;

 

 

Issue: Child Soldiers
Forum: Human Rights
Delegate: The United States of America

Defines the military use of children as refers to children being placed in harm's way in military actions, the desire being to protect a location or provide propaganda,

Noting that The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, Art. 38,1989 proclaimed: "State parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure that persons who have not attained the age of 15 years do not take a direct part in hostilities." The Optional protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict to the Convention that came into force in 2002,

Deeply disturbed according to Amnesty International an estimated 300,000 children under the age of eighteen are currently participating in armed conflicts in more than thirty different countries on nearly every continent,

Deeply concerned that Children have been used as spotters, observers, message-carriers, and even as human shields, During the later stages of the Iran-Iraq War, both sides were accused of using teenaged children to fill out the ranks of soldiers depleted by years of warfare. During that war, Iran was accused of using children to clear minefields by having them run in front of the soldiers, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Child_soldiers,

Noting with regret that many nations around the world still use child soldiers in many wards and conflicts, the following are countries where child soldiers are reported to be fighting in recent and ongoing (2001) armed conflicts [G. indicates children are serving in government forces, P in paramilitaries, and O in opposition forces]: Colombia (P,O), Mexico (P,O), Peru (O), Russian Fed (O), Turkey (O), Yugoslavia (P,O), Chad, (G), Repub of Congo (G,O), DRC (G,O), Eritrea (G), Ethiopia (G), Rwanda (G,O), Sierra Leone (all groups), Somalia (all groups), Sudan (G,P,O), Uganda (G,O), Afghanistan (all groups), Iran (G,O), Iraq (G,O), India (P,O), Myanmar (G,O), Pakistan (O), Philippines (O), Sri Lanka (O), East Timor (P,O), Tajikistan (O), and Uzbekistan (O), http://www.hrw.org/campaigns/crp/where.htm ,

Bearing in mind that bringing children or former child soldiers into civil society is difficult, as they have received little education, are accustomed to the use of violence, and they have lost ties to their families, and often children who have been forced to kill and slaughter in their own villages cannot return home.

Noting with regret that Children who join the RUF are ostracized by their families and fear they will be hunted down by the militia, http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/people/features/childrensrights/childrenofconflict/soldier.shtml ,

Noting with deep concern that to counter their reluctance, the children are dulled by forcing them to commit brutalities and to take drugs that inhibit guilt and fear,

Alarmed that children have become the deliberate targets of formal military atrocity, this was intended to hurt villager morale, take up scarce medical resources that would otherwise treat enemy guerrillas, and restrict civilians to village areas where they were more vulnerable to government control and direct attack,

Extremely alarmed that Guerrilla movements, in particular, are often accused of recruiting or even forcing children into military campaigns, such as the Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka,

1. Resolves the formation of a sub-committee within the Committee on the Rights of the Child which will be called The Committee on the Oppression of the Child (COC) that will:
A. Will consist of:
i. The current 10 members of the Committee on the Rights of the Child,
ii. Experts in human rights, these experts will be:
A. Chosen and elected by the member governments,
B. Do not represent a country or an organization,
C. They give efforts in trying to point out oppression against children and their use in the military,
iii. The Countries who ratify the Convention on the Rights of the Child,
B. Will have a set of main goals to achieve, which will be:
i. Monitoring the implementation of child rights protocols and conventions,
ii. Point out any countries that have been using children for the military,
iii. Make every member country or country that ratifies the convention send regular reports about the status of nations recovering from these violations,
v. Nations who sign and then do not follow the rules and regulations of this sub-committee will:
a. Be prosecuted in front of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights by a tribunal which its members will be selected by the High Commissioner,
b. A consequence will be sentenced by the High Commissioner for Human rights after the tribunal has reached a verdict,
c. All countries that have been prosecuted must obey the court and serve their sentence,
vi. Try to put an end to child oppression around the globe by using any means necessary,
vii. Sending inspectors into the countries that have been accused in oppressing children or mainly using them in the military,
viii. Create new laws and regulations by the member countries and other nations to put an end to the use of children in the military,
ix. Will create a facility at the country where the children are being oppressed to gather information and check if allegations are correct,
C. The facility that shall be opened will finally be closed down after the conflict is resolved by the Committee on the Oppression of the Child,
D. Will have headquarters based all around the globe in member nations,
E. The members will meet frequently at a new headquarters which will rotate with every time they meet, to discuss current issues and create resolutions regarding the issue, the decision of how frequently should the members meet will be decided by:
i. If there is an emergency situation at hand,
ii. If a certain resolution is completed and passed,
iii. If there will be a tribunal to prosecute any nations.

 

 

Forum: Reformed SC:-(mdaires)
Issue: Nuclear proliferation in Iran and North Korea

Noting that the current crisis began in October 2002, when Korea admitted to having a covert uranium enrichment program,

Emphasizing that South Korea is in threat of its communist neighbor since it announced obtaining WOMD,

Noting with regret that Since 1991, Washington and Seoul have generally pursued four schools of thought and approaches to the North Korean nuclear issue: collapse, non-engagement, negotiation, and sunshine,

Realizing the best policy results, such as the 1994 Agreed Framework and the 2005 Joint Statement, have been achieved when both Seoul and Washington have actively pursued a policy of negotiation,

Recalling On Oct. 16, 2002 North Korean government officials admitted their country had secretly continued development of nuclear weapons in violation of a 1994 non-proliferation agreement with the United States,

Bearing in Mind By 2000, the United States contribution of food and other forms of humanitarian aid to North Korea had amounted to over $61 million,

Noting the theft of a tactical nuclear weapon or the purchase of weapons-grade nuclear material by terrorists is a 21st-century nightmare that may well come true, says Gavin Cameron. An assistant professor of political science at the University of Calgary, Canada,

Taking into account The Bush administration has NOT AGREED one-on-one talks because it considers North Korea's proliferation to be a regional rather than bilateral issue, but the United States has agreed to meet with North Korea in a multilateral setting,

Affirming that to encourage nations to disarm president Bush said "Abandoning the pursuit of illegal weapons can lead to better relations with the United States, and other free nations. Continuing to seek those weapons will not bring security or international prestige, but only political isolation, economic hardship and other unwelcome consequences,"

1. Confirms the reinforcement of the six nations talks which showed a little bit of progress in the crisis of North Korea owning WOMD and these talks will include: -
A. All nations who were part of these talks which are Japan, USA, N. Korea, S. Korea, Russia, and China, and if any country fails to attend this meeting then: -
B. This meeting will CONTINUE TO HAVE THE goal of which disarming north Korea in a peaceful and harmless way,
I. It will not receive aid from the UN, and the USA,
II. Be considered as terrorist nation through the UN to the world,
III. Will face sanctions from the UN SC,
C. Kofi Annan as an observer to the meetings with IAEA head inspectors as observers also,
D. Also the US co-operating with the UN will offer more aids for North Korea if it disarms,
E. North Korea must continue the disarming process and the six nations talks and when it fails to do so, then it will not receive any aid and will receive sanctions from the SC,
F. North Korea will have one month to disarm and sign a treaty if not then it will be dismissed from the UN, and the US negotiators will be monitoring and assuring that North Korea will be working and will issue a report for all six nations,
G. The US urges all countries to sign this resolution, because it is the peaceful way to solve the north Korean crisis a treaty will be formed by the acceptance of all parties that will: -
I. Having a yearly meeting with all six nations to see the progress,
II. To assure North Koreaís stopping from having nuclear programs again,
III. North Korea will disarm,
IV. When it disarms the USA will not negotiate anymore with North Korea again in the nuclear issue,
V. Allowing the UN the authority to work at North Korea in all fields to try to stop the nuclear program from beginning again,

 

 

Country: The United States of America
Committee: Security Council
Issue: WOMD CRISIS IN IRAN

Noting that Ayatollah Ali Meshkini said during the nationally televised 8 December Friday Prayers in Qom."You should make the world understand that Israel is the oppressor and that Israel must be destroyed," which shows how Iran threatens Israel,

Further Noting Minister of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics Ali Shamkhani declared, "If Israel carries out such an action, it will receive a response, which no politician in Israel can even imagine." Which also shows how Iran would act Israel,

Recognizing that Iran allowed International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors to visit the Parchin military site in January in the interests of transparency following the allegations, but the visit was limited to only one of four areas identified as being of potential interest and to only five buildings in that area,

Noting with regret On 01 March 2005 Iran turned down a request by the United Nations nuclear watchdog agency to make a second visit to the Parchin military site, which has been linked in allegations to nuclear weapons testing,

Alarmed that On 25 march 2005. President Khatami, who was addressing the international conference on bio-ethics in Tehran, said that in order to preserve life and human rights and to respect all human beings one should always oppose the production and proliferation of WMDs. He stressed that opposition by one who manufactures such weapons has no bio-ethical value.

Emphasizing Iran rejected a proposal from Britain, France and Germany that offered economic and political incentives in return for suspending all nuclear activities.

Taking into account that on 27 July 2005 outgoing President Mohammad Khatami said, "Whether the Europeans mention our right in their would-be proposals or not, we will definitely resume work in Isfahan" which shows how Iran doesnít care of any approach they will do their work and develop WMDs,

Fully Alarmed that on 12 August 2005 the board of IAEA called on Iran to stop the uranium conversion work it resumed, expressing "serious concern." The governing board of the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna unanimously approved a resolution calling on Iran to resume a freeze on its nuclear activities

Further Emphasizing that the US had a laptop taken from Iran that showed More than a thousand pages of Iranian computer simulations and accounts of experiments" that show a long effort to design a nuclear warhead

Noting As Mohammed al Baradiay said, "For six months, you know, we had a very difficult relationship with Iran, cooperation was no good, information was slow, in many cases contradictory, and I have reported all that and I said that you are not helping us to build confidence. Verification is after all to try to build confidence, and we need transparency." Which shows Iran not co-operating and are hiding something,

1. Declares Iran will destroy its WOMD by:-
A. The IAEA targeting the nuclear program positions and will be escorted with blue caps and Iranian officials,
B. Having IAEA and SC members inspectors destroying these weapons with Iranian military experts and scientists,
C. If Iran impede this process in anyway they will be facing: -
1.Banning any country from buying oil and natural gasses from Iran immediately if it doesnít disarm, and this would be by: -
a. Immediate SC sanctions on Iran and the country buying from it,
b. II. The US will not trade with that country and of course Iran,
c. III. Increasing the price of oil at any time Iran is going to sell oil,
ii. Iran will be facing immediate sanctions and trade embargoes,
iii. Iran will be expelled from the UN unless it lets them continue their works,
iv. No support and help will be offered to Iran in any way, since its putting threat on world community and it maintained a secret program without permission,

2. Requests No country must sell nuclear technology to another country or any other party and if it does it will: -
A. Receive SC sanctions, these sanctions will be
B. Face SC embargoes,
C. Not trade with the US in all ways,
D. If traded with terrorists will be considered a terrorist nation through the UN,
E. This nation will be dismissed from the UN and thus will lose any support in any way,

3. Affirms that If Iran also starts its nuclear program again at any time then it will be facing sanctions and will be dismissed from the UN again and could not even be a member in anytime later,

4. Resolved that after Iran disarms IAEA and Inspectors from different countries will still be there to monitor that the disarming process was completely done and doesnít start again,

5. Emphasizing that Coalition forces will be ready at stand by if Iran doesnít start the disarmament action as this resolution passes then attacks will be taken on its nuclear factories,

6. Reaffirms all the contents and actions of this resolution must take place immediately since Iran is progressing its nuclear program as we speak,

7. Urges all nations to sign this resolution since Iran doesnít only threat countries, but also is a reason why some countries might try to make some nuclear secret programs,

 

 

SC 1: -Sarah Fakral-Deen
Issue: Reform of the Security Council
Forum: Security Council
Delegate: United States of America

Taking into consideration the fact that the United Nations Security Council (SC) is a very unique branch of the UN composed of 15 member countries five of which hold permanent seats and ten with rotating memberships,

Bearing in mind that the five permanent SC members are the United States of America, the United Kingdom, the Republic of France, the Russian Federation, and the People's Republic of China,

Noting that the five permanent SC members possess the veto power allowing them to reject any resolution that does not agree with their foreign policies and does not help in solving the crises,

Aware that there are several countries worldwide that want to be permanent members of the SC,

Observing that being a permanent member of the SC is a unique position and at the same time a hard one to live up to;

Keeping in mind that if a country becomes a permanent member of the SC and it does not have the right qualifications the entire world would be affected negatively,

Acknowledging the fact that Japan has the second most technologically powerful and second largest economy in the world after the USA, according to the CIA world factbook,

Conscious that Japan has successfully sent peacekeeping forces to aid in Iraq and for that they have been thanked sincerely by President Bush himself, according to New York Times and several other sources,

Realising that, according to New York Times, Japan WILLINGLY gave and fully committed $1.5 billion (USD) to rebuilding Iraq,

Congratulating Japan for not participating in any war for the past 60 years, according to Japan today and several other sources,

Emphasising that, according to the CIA World Factbook, Japan is a member IN GOOD STANDING in several important organisations including the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Energy Agency (IEA), International Finance Corporation (IFC), G-7, Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the NSG (Nuclear Suppliers Group), and the World Bank or International Bank for Reconstruction and Development;

1) Resolves the reform of the SC to include the only country that is capable of holding and meeting the challenge of the SC permanent membership, Japan, with a "Conditional Membership;"

2) Further resolves that what is meant by a "Conditional Membership" is that Japan will sign a treaty, which:
A. Will last for no less than 40 years,
B. Will be the deciding factor of whether or not to enter the SC as a permanent member,
C. Will include the following assurances:
i) that Japan will no longer develop nuclear weapons or anything related to any form of nuclear technology,
ii) That Japan will involve itself in more world summits and peacekeeping missions worldwide,
iii) That Japan will be fully dedicated to lessening its tensions and being much more cooperative with the world especially the members of the Council,
iv) Japan shall formally apologise to those who it brutally suppressed earlier in history,
v) That Japan will only get the veto power only after serving one to two full year(s) in the SC and the Council is sure that it has abided by the previously mentioned conditions of this treaty, and has proved to the Council its commitment and willingness to be fully dedicated to good cause as a permanent member of the SC;

3) Proposes that Japan be the first country to enter the SC under a "Conditional Membership."

 

Student: Sarah Fakral-Deen
Country: the US
Forum: SC
Issue: Sudan

Defines according to World Fact Book, the Darfur region is located in the southern area of Sudan,

Noting that according to the BBC, that the Sudanese government didnít take much action in order to solve the problem,

Taking note that according to the WHO, at least 10,000 people are dying per month due to the fact that the Sudanese government are neglecting the citizens of Darfur,

Further noting that according to the Human Rights Watch, the Sudanese government is cooperating with the Janjaweed militia,

Deeply disturbed by the fact according to the UNHCR, that the number of displaced Sudanese people exceeds 1.6 million because the Sudanese government has failed to keep them in security,

Noting with regret that according to the World Food Program that the hunger situation in Darfur is at its worse level possible due to that the Sudanese government is not providing its citizens with the correct aid measures,

Deeply disturbed by the fact that according the WHO, the Sudanese government are impeding the distribution of aids in the region of Darfur which has led to the death of over a million of its citizens,

Bearing in mind that former US Secretary of State Colin Powell stated that the situation in Darfur is a genocide crisis because the Sudanese government is funding the Janjaweed militia which has killed over a million of the Darfur citizens,

Deeply concerned according the United Nations that Sudan did not implement the peace treaty, which would have stopped the violence in Darfur,

Fully alarmed by the fact that Amnesty International accuses the Sudanese government of violating human rights in the area of Darfur,

Noting with deep concern that according to BBC that the Sudanese government has failed to protect its citizens from violent acts,

Alarmed by the fact according to BBC that the Sudanese government failed to keep its promise of obtaining peace in the region of Darfur,

1. Resolves the establishment of an oil for peace program in the region of Darfur that will:
A. Assign Paul Volcker as the head of the program,
B. Appoint oil drillers and the number of the oil drillers will be determined by the head of the program,
C. Appoint engineers that are specialized in oil drilling and the number of engineers will be determined by the head of the program,
D. Find construction workers that will be chosen by the head of the program,
E. Appoint economic experts and the number of economic experts will be determined by the head of the program,
F. Appoint political experts and the number of political experts will be determined by the head of the program,
G. Appoint legal attorneys that will be appointed by the head of the program
H. Appoint heavily armed United Nations observers and their number will be determined by the head of the program,
I. Have Interpol agents that will be chosen by the head of the program,
J. Have tasks of:
1. Ensuring peace in the Darfur region by distributing oil in return of peace for the following parties:
a. The Sudanese government,
b. Rebels in the Darfur region,
c. Countries that contribute to the program,
2. Distributing oil equally between the Sudanese government and the rebels in the region of Darfur and the distribution of oil will be assigned by a committee of economic experts,
3. Calculating the percentage of oil revenue to be given to the countries that contribute to the program and the economic experts will decide the percentage of oil revenue given to the countries,
a. To allow the rebels in the Darfur region to sell oil to any party they desire to trade with,
b. To permit the government of Sudan to sell oil to the United Nations which will then sell the oil to the highest bidder and then will:
-. Have 70% of the oil revenue go to the Sudanese government,
-. Have 30% of the oil revenue go to the rebels and the people in the Darfur region in order to compensate them for the damages done in the region,
4. Providing economic sanctions on the Sudanese government if they do not allow the rebels to trade with the party they desire,
5. To let the Sudanese government compensate the rebels with the amount oil revenue that has been out of their favor for the past three years in exchange of the rebels disarming themselves,
6. Sending heavily armed observers into the region of Darfur the will:
a. Monitor the security status in Darfur,
7. Have 60% of the observers as NATO observers and the other 40% a multinational United Nations observer team,
8. Monitoring the security status in the region of Darfur with the help of the United Nations Observers and the Interpol agents,
9. Send a weekly briefing booklet to the United Nations Security Council that will:
a. Include the economic status, security status, and oil distribution in the region of Darfur,
b. Be prepared by the legal attorneys, economic experts, and political experts,
c. Report any violence that occurs in the region,
10. Give the Sudanese government and the rebels in the region of Darfur 6 months to implement peace in the region since the start of the program and if the peace is not implemented then:
a. The legal attorneys will take legal action against the Sudanese government or the militias if they did not implement peace,
b. Report the violated act by the perpetrator that has been done in the region to the United Nations Security Council,
c. Have sanctions on the Sudanese government of peace is not implemented and file legal charges against the militia's,
d. Send in United Nations troops into Darfur to disarm the rebels by any necessary means if the rebels did not implement peace and will locate the rebels with the help of the Interpol,
11. Deduct the amount of oil revenue to the party that does not implement peace or uses the act of violence and the amount of oil revenue deducted will be determined by the economic experts,
K. To have a committee formed of political experts, lawyers, and UN observers establish a base in Darfur that will:
1. Monitor the situation in Dafur,
2. Report any violated act done in the region to the United Nations Security Council,
3. Establishing a Darfur Fund in the program that will:
4. Collect money from receiving donations, fundraising activities sponsored by the program, and by creating marathon runs that will be sponsored by the program,
5. Collect money only for humanitarian needs, health measures, and helping the refugees,
6. Send the money collected to the United Nations that will distribute the money to NGO's and United Nation's agencies working in the area of Darfur,
7. Have the United Nations agencies working in the region of Darfur distribute the collected money to the rebels and the needed people in the region of Darfur in order to re-construct the Darfur region,
L. Will close down when the crisis ends and that will be determined by the head of the program,
M Will have its headquarters based in New York, Unites States of America and Darfur, Sudan;

 

 

Country: United States of America (USA)
Committee: Social
Issue: Human Cloning
Student: Dhari

Defining cloning, according to dictionary.com, as a general term for the research activity that creates a copy of some biological entity (gene or organism),

Defining human reproductive cloning, according to California State Law, Health and Safety Code, as "the creation of a human fetus that is substantially genetically identical to a previously born human being,"

Keeping in mind that according to globalchange.com, human cloning can have many disadvantages such as health risks from mutation of genes, emotional risks, risk of abuse of technology, in which clones that do survive often have fatal or problem causing issues in their genes, it will create a black market for stolen or discarded embryos, it will stop genetic improvements to a species, and a very large percentage of cloning efforts end in failure,

Congratulates that according to agi-usa.org, the USA has taken steps into banning human cloning in which six US states have banned human cloning for any purpose,

Noting that according to a religious studies professor in Michigan State University, some religions are against cloning since it is morally incorrect, such as the Catholic Church condemns cloning of any living thing, and the Islamic faith forbids cloning under their law

Recalling that according to the Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights adopted in 1997, "practices which are contrary to human dignity, such as reproductive cloning of human beings, shall not be permitted,"

1. Resolves the creation of a team of investigators under the Ad Hoc Committee that will consist of many teams made up of agents and UN inspectors who will:
A. Be chosen according to experience and expertise on the subject area and who will be able to carry out security operations (could include scientists, trained agents, etc.Ö.)
1. They will be chosen by the committee members and must be approved by the Secretary General,
B. Have at least two headquarters in every continent,
C. Investigate and inspect science labs in that continent making sure that no human cloning experiments are done,
D. Submit reports on the experiments and work done at various science institutions in the continent,
E. Report any suspected institutions to the Secretary General who will take action immediately
1. Any institution that has obviously found to be experimenting on human cloning will be shut down until further action has been taken,
2. Any organization that has been found financing genetic research on human cloning will be shut down until further action has been taken;

2. Accepts that if any country who doesn't want any inspectors entering their land by themselves is allowed to have national escorts associated with these inspectors when they are doing their jobs;

3. Further resolves the signing of a treaty that solemnly declares that human cloning should be banned worldwide and all member states should abide to the following:
A. Prohibit all forms of human cloning research and development,
B. Adopt all measures necessary to prohibit the application of genetic engineering and other form of genetic science that may contribute to human cloning research and development and that opposes to human dignity,
C. Adopt all measures necessary to prohibit the exploitation of women in the application of human cloning and/or any other form of science,
D. Prohibit all organizations from financing any institution working on researching and developing human cloning,
E. Adopt laws and policies that involve the banishment of human cloning which can/will include:
F. Forbid any person to perform or attempt to perform human cloning or participate in such an attempt,
G. Forbid the shipment, transfer or receive an embryo produced by human cloning for any purpose,
H. Forbid an individual from engaging in or attempting to engage in human cloning,
1. any individual who doesn't abide to these rules will be prosecuted and will receive severe criminal punishment;

4. Proclaims that any nation who abides to these laws and signs the treaty will be acknowledged and will be credited (especially developing countries) by receiving foreign aid by dominant and developed countries that already signed the treaty
A. This foreign aid will be in the form of health/medical aid, financial aid, agricultural aid, and any other aid necessary, required or asked for in order to give motive to countries to sign this treaty.

 

 

 

Opening Speeches:-


Reform SC (mdaires)

Honorable Chair and fellow delegates,

President Bush once said: "No act of the terrorists will change our purpose, or weaken our resolve, or alter their fate."

We made a promise and we will stick to it, we said we WOULD fight terrorism. Thatís what we did in Afghanistan and what we will continue to do in Iraq. After 9/11 the smile in a kids face disappeared, we tried to restore that smile. People were afraid to come to USA, we tried to make them feel safe.

A message we are sending today to the world we are liberators, as we are doing in Afghanistan and Iraq. We request any support we can get since we are In a battle to fight the number one enemy in any country" terrorism. We already saw people dying all over their world, thus honorable delegates join us in our war to stop these massacres all over the world.

Currently Nuclear weapons are getting developed THAT MIGHT GET INTO THE wrong hands, like terrorists. Iran and North Korea both are developing nuclear programs so they can threaten other countries. Innocent people in Israel and South Korea could die because of these weapons shouldnít we stop these countries from killing them?

These nations are getting their technologies to improve its WOMD from other countries that are selling them for economic reasons. These nations have made a foul of the world community, at a point they said they stopped but at another they continued. They declared the development of nuclear weapons, which kill millions at once, and they have threatened the use of these weapons. Thus we require an approach that stands firmly against these terrorists from getting what they want to destroy other nations. North Korea and Iran both dishonest nations that disrespect the world community and treaties by violating them. We should stop these nations and stop the black market thatís supplying them with the arsenals to create WMD.

God Bless the World, and God Bless America!!!!!

 

SC 1, Sarah

Honorable chair, fellow delegates,

"America has never been an empire. We may be the only great power in history that had the chance, and refused - preferring greatness to power and justice to glory," President George W. Bush once said. The United States of Americaís main goal and focus has been to help in giving its entire people freedom and liberty. Thanks to the strong yet virtuous government and good citizens the USA has been able to do just that for its people. Now the USA is open to aiding other countries worldwide that ask for assistance, seeing as we know that bringing freedom and liberty to the citizens of a country requires great effort.

For example, once the USAís assistance was requested to aide in the middle east by neighbors of Iraq, we immediately responded to that request, and now we see that the USA was capable of freeing and liberating all the people of Iraq from the extremely harsh dictator Saddam Hussein.

"As Americans, we want peace - we work and sacrifice for peace. But there can be no peace if our security depends on the will and whims of a ruthless and aggressive dictator. Iím not willing to stake one American life on trusting Saddam Hussein," President Bush once said.

We ALL know that to accomplish peace today, we need great effort and great power, and the USA is willing to reply to any and all calls of help from any country that needs our help. Finally, let us all be sure that the following words by President George W. Bush are definitely true, "If America shows weakness and uncertainty, the world will drift toward tragedy. That will not happen on my watch." Thank you.

 

USNSC, Saoud

Honorable chair, fellow delegates,

As President Bush once said," We will not tire, we will not falter, and we will not fail."

To this very moment the United States of America has held its promise. The United States of America led the fight on fighting terrorism and will keep fighting it until the day it gets extinct from this world. We have ended terrorism and spread democracy and peace in Afghanistan, and we have ended terrorism and dictatorship and spread democracy in Iraq. A few may call those acts "War in Afghanistan" and "War in Iraq", but we call it "War Against Terror".

The United States of America would like to thank all its allies for their contribution in the "War Against Terror". Mostly it would like to thank the NATO members and countries that supported the United States of America in its journey against terrorism.

Currently, the situation in Darfur is indeed critical to the security of Africa. Some may not think that the situation is an act of terrorism, however, the situation is terrorism. When you see women crying seeing their men in the ground bleeding to death, and children crying from battles, that is a result of terror. When you see families fleeing the region, heading to different countries from fear, that is a result of terror. Darfur is a critical situation and must be solved immediately. Furthermore, the government of Sudan is listed as a government that is terrorist and funds terrorists. It is the goal of all nations combating in the War against Terror to stop the government of Sudan at its limits and end its terror acts.

We want you to find against terrorism and its supporters. We want you to fight against terrorism and save our civilians. We want you against terrorism! The United States of America will never leave a man behind in the War against Terror, and will bring them to justice.

We can hear you, the rest of the world can hear you and the people who knocked these buildings down will hear all of us soon.

May god bless the world, and god bless America

 

Social, Dhari

Honorable Chair, Fellow Delegates,

First of all, the United States wants to welcome you all to this conference. The United States must say that itís a pleasure being here, not only is it just a pleasure, it is also an honor to be here with all delegations. Honorable delegates, The world as we know it today, is far from perfect, we must work together, and work hard to get the best of our world. As President Bush once said "America is a Nation with a mission - and that mission comes from our most basic beliefs. We have no desire to dominate, no ambitions of empire. Our aim is a democratic peace - a peace founded upon the dignity and rights of every man and woman." This world that we live in destroys the dignity and freedom by killing people who donít deserve to die, Osama Bin Laden destroyed freedom in Afghanistan and Saddam Hussein not only destroyed freedom but created people with no human dignity. Our job is clear to restore the human dignity of the Iraqis that was lost and to spread democracy and freedom all over the world.

The United States first step and number one priority to bettering our world is to fight terrorism, and the people who terrorize societies, communities and countries, people who destroy lives, opportunities and families. These people known as terrorist who stand against everything we stand for.

I Hope in this conference we would come to a solution to this problem, not as the United States of America, but as the world

 

Human Rights, Mishal

Honorable chair, fellow delegates

The United States of America is the lone superpower of the modern world today. The country has many points of view towards many issues that face our modern world today. As the president of the United States of America George W Bush once said "I have opinions of my own, strong opinions, but I donít always agree with them."

AS THE LONE SUPERPOWER, The United States is SOMETIMES obliged to take some decisions for the good of the rest of the nations of the world.

Many countries disagree with our foreign policy, but it is based on spreading freedom and democracy.

In our modern times there are many human rights violations happening all around the world like world poverty, child soldiers, and religious freedom in authoritarian nations. These are some of the issues that face the human rights committee. Although the United States has been allegedly accused of using youths and child soldiers for combat. Our country and many others believe that by the age of eighteen a person has reached adulthood and can take any decision they want.

The United States hopes that there can be simple and vigorous methods in trying to put a dent in solving human rights violations all around the world by first of all trying to solve the issues at hand. So the Untied States urges all countries to try to develop methods in trying to solve these issues and those countries will get our support.

 

Hamed:-

Fellow delegates honorable chairs,

I have nothing to say.