Organization: The World Food Program

Event: Qatar MUN 2006
Student: Mohammed Al-Mailem

 

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The World Bank Song
"Go Down Gambler"



 

Organization Profile: The
World Food Programme

 

A. Organizational Structure and History

Organizational Structure
General Organizational Chart:
AD-Administration Department
ADF-Finance Division
ADH-Human Resources Division
ADI-Information; Communication Technology Division
ADM-Management Services Division
FD-Fund Raising & Communications Department
FDC-Communication Division
FDD-Donors Relations Division
FDE-European Commission Relations Division (Brussels)
FDP-Private Sector Fundraising Division
FDU-United States Relations Division (Washington)
LEG-Legal Services Division
LEGA-Administrative; Employment Law
LEGC-Commercial Contractual & Agreements Law
LEGM-Maritime, Transport Insurance Law
OD-Operations Department
ODA-Analysis, Assessment Preparedness Service
ODB-Regional Bureau Bangkok Country Offices
ODC-Regional Bureau Cairo Country Offices
ODD-Regional Bureau Dakar Country Offices
ODJ-Regional Bureau Johannesburg & Country Offices
ODK-Regional Bureau Kampala & Country Offices
ODP-Programming Service
ODT-Transport & Procurement Division
OED-Office of the Executive Director
OEDB-Office of Budget
OEDBP-Business Planning Branch
OEDSP-Special Project Branch
OEDR-Results-Based Management Division
OEDE-Office of Evaluation
OEDP-Office of Performance Measurement & Reporting
OSD-Inspector General & Oversight Services Division
OSDA-Office of Internal Audit
OSDI-Office of Inspections & Investigations
PD-Policy & External Affairs Department
PDA-Addis Ababa Office
PDB-Executive Board Secretariat
PDE-External Relation Division
PDN-New York Office
PDP-Strategy Policy & Program Support Division

Since 1996, WFP has been governed by the WFP Executive Board, which consists of 36 Member States. The Executive Director, appointed jointly by the UN Secretary General and the Director-General of the FAO for fixed five-year terms, sits at the head of the Secretariat of WFP. Those 36 member nations are: Angola, Bangladesh, Guatemala, Netherlands, Syrian Arab Republic, United States of America, Denmark, France, India, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Senegal, Canada, The Republic of Congo, Haiti, Kuwait, Niger, Germany, Australia, China, Cuba, Ethiopia, Norway, Tunisia, Algeria, Austria, Colombia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Tanzania, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Ukraine, United Kingdom, and Zimbabwe.

James T. Morris became WFP's tenth Executive Director at the beginning of April 2002. In July 2002, Mr. Morris was appointed UN Secretary General Kofi Annan's Special Envoy for Humanitarian Needs in Southern Africa, a region that continues to be gripped by a major food emergency. In 2003, he successfully guided WFP in carrying out the largest humanitarian operation in history, feeding 26 million Iraqis. WFP's funding and operations have grown to unprecedented levels as a result of chronic food shortages in sub-Saharan Africa and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. In this organization donors that supply or aid the WFP the most has higher power, and more control over the organization and its operations, and this nation is the USA.

Jean-Jacques Graisse took over as WFP's Senior Deputy Executive Director (Operations Department) in January 2004. Prior to his appointment, Mr. Graisse worked as Assistant Executive Director - from January 1996 to August 2001. Mr. Graisse has served in the United Nations system for 38 years.

Sheila Sisulu was appointed Deputy Executive Director (Policy and External Affairs) in February 2003. She is responsible for WFP's Policy and External Affairs Department, overseeing strategy, policy and program support for the organization’s food security, safety nets, emergency relief, HIV/AIDS, school feeding, gender and nutrition work. She is also responsible for the secretariat of WFP's Executive Board and relations with other UN agencies and non-governmental organizations.

John M. Powell is Deputy Executive Director of the Fundraising and Communications Department at the World Food Program. Since Mr. Powell was appointed to this position in April 2003, the organization has done more to promote its work among decision-makers, the media and the public than ever before.

Susana Malcorra was appointed Deputy Executive Director (Administration) in July 2004 and took up her duties in September. A national of Argentina, Ms. Malcorra brings to WFP 25 years of business management, financial and IT experience in the private sector. With a degree in Engineering, Susana began her career in IBM and became the Director of the Public Sector managing the largest branch in Argentina. Her last post before joining WFP was as Chief Executive Officer of Telecom Argentina.

The Program may provide the food aid itself and, in some cases, the technical and logistical expertise, but its projects always require the full support and involvement of individual governments. Ultimately, it is the national government that must request WFP's intervention in emergencies or development projects, so the Program’s work must fit into the national picture.

In 1965, long-term arrangements for WFP were established and its life extended "for as long as multilateral food aid was found feasible and desirable." The Program was placed under the governance of the Intergovernmental Committee (IGC), half of whose members were elected by the FAO Council and half by the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). It was a decision made by nations of the General Assembly, where they decided that successful operation that was set for three years would help solve more problems through out the years.

 

B. Friends and Enemies

Some enemies of the WFP are the Kenyan economics expert James Shikwati. That says that aid to Africa does more harm than good, he calls WFP a "massive agency of apparatchiks."

The World Food Program (WFP) blamed a non-governmental organization (NGO), Pangan for the Poor (Param), on Monday for distributing poor quality rice over the past few months. "Unlike other NGOs, Param didn't check the quality of rice before distributing it to low-income residents. All NGOs must check the rice a week before distribution to avoid such cases," a WFP representative in Indonesia, Philip J. Clarke, told reporters at a media briefing.

Contributions to WFP in 2005 as of 3 January 2006 (US$):
1. USA 1,208,511,022
2. European Commission 263,940,273
3. Japan 152,876,242
4. Canada 152,085,290
5. Netherlands 115,347,615
6. UK 107,528,066
7. Norway 92,721,874
8. Sweden 83,229,669
9. Germany 69,257,757
10. Australia 62,551,090

All countries on this list show how much money in US dollars was donated, and not the amount of crops or its worth. They leave it up to the WFP to buy the supplies and equipment to supply to the poor and suffering nations. Besides, not all nations have rice, or corn, or multiple grains that the WFP might use.

 

C. History:

The World Food Program was scheduled to go into operation in 1963 as a three-year experimental program, but the WFP was up and running. WFP food aid, reached 113 million people in 80 countries in 2004, and is mow leading the fight against the number one risk to global health. An earthquake hit Iran in September 1962, followed by a hurricane in Thailand in October. Newly independent Algeria was resettling 5 million refugees. Food aid was urgently needed and WFP supplied it. It has never stopped. This shows how a great success this operation has come to be, and for that reason it was seen best fit that it is better to continue on this operation and enhance it to become an organization, which aided countries that have suffered wars, natural disasters, poverty, and disease, by aiding them with all food necessities for its people. And for that reason the WFP has become a major success in all countries it is working with and in.

This here is a brief history on what the WFP supplied to specific countries. Between the years 1973-74, when drought spread across West Africa, WFP coordinated the first-ever multi-national airlift of food aid, drawing on the resources of 12 national air forces. In 1980 370,000 displaced Cambodians flee over the Thai border to escape fierce fighting. WFP takes part in the United Nations Border Relief Operation. In an historic first for the Agency, the UN charges WFP with coordinating the distribution of all relief supplies.

In 1989 when civil war threatens millions of lives in Sudan, WFP works at the heart of Operation Lifeline Sudan, one of the largest relief operations in UN history. The Agency delivers food to millions of people, using "corridors of tranquillity" in the midst of civil war. In North Korea between 1995 and 2001 when floods cause serious food shortages in winter 1995, North Korea breaks years of isolation to call for WFP assistance. The Agency supplies food aid to half-a-million farmers. Since then, WFP food aid has helped save millions of North Korean lives from a series of floods, droughts and tidal waves that compounded existing agricultural and economic problems. Today, WFP is the largest international aid organization in North Korea with six offices.

Their final mission in 2005 was in India, when an earthquake off the coast of Sumatra triggers tsunami waves which sweep through the Indian Ocean region, killing hundreds of thousands of people across Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, the Maldives, Thailand, Myanmar and Somalia, and leaving hundreds of thousands more without their homes or livelihoods. In response WFP mounts one of its most complex emergency operations ever, using helicopters, aircraft, cargo ships, landing craft and traditional trucks to provide essential food aid to 1.75 million tsunami survivors, averting starvation and widespread malnutrition in the wake of the disaster.

 

D. Exact Figures:

Since the finding of the organization, the WFP, these are the exact figures. Food distributed to 113 million of the poorest people in the world. 24 million people in development programs. They helped 38 million beneficiaries in emergency operations. 25 million people in rehabilitation operations. 26 million in the Iraq bilateral operation.

Operations in 80 countries around the world. 120 relief operations in 68 countries. 28 development projects and 38 country programs in 52 countries.

Total food shipped: 5.1 million tons. 1.8 million tons for emergency operations. 557.5 thousand tons for development projects. 1.2 million tons for protracted relief and recovery operations. 1.6 million tons for the Iraq bilateral operation.

Total expenditure: US$ 2.9 billion 91 percent on relief aid. 9 percent on development aid.

Total number of employees: 8,829 8,829 had contracts of one year or longer (8,027 in the field, 802 at Rome  headquarters).

 

E. Strengths and Weaknesses:

WFP has shut down most of its operations and is supplying food to only 600,000 of the 6.4 million people that it planned to feed this year, said Richard Ragan, the agency's director in Pyongyang. "We've stopped our program. We will not feed anybody past the end of December," he said.

WFP food distributions countrywide totaled 65,116 MTs of various items. Critical shortages of WFP stocks necessitated severe cuts in the ration scale and the number of beneficiaries countrywide. As a result, and for the first time in five years, WFP failed to distribute food to destitute families in the central and southern governorates for a period of four months (June to September 1995).

Since the finding of the WFP, it coordinated the first-ever multi-national airlift of food aid, drawing on the resources of 12 national air forces. The WFP even works at the heart of Operation Lifeline Sudan, one of the largest relief operations in UN history. It is even the world’s largest aid organization in North Korea, which includes a total of six offices. It has been working in the most dangerous area and countries where wars and natural disasters are accruing, and for that reason they have accomplished great success over the years, and this shows how ongoing this organization is, and shall continue to be.

One the WFP’s weaknesses occurred with food crop production in the Republic of Congo is below consumption requirements. In fact, only two percent of the 10 million hectares of arable land are exploited, thus resulting in increased food imports (30 percent of total annual import). The repeated armed conflicts that the Republic of Congo experienced during the last decade have worsened the country's precarious food crop production.

Food insecurity has been worsened by interruptions of the railway traffic between Pointe-Noire and Brazzaville. The internally displaced people that were residing in the sites in Brazzaville have returned to their homes of origin. However, they still have to reconstruct their livelihood. The socio-sanitary infrastructure is not rebuilt yet, thus resulting to a delayed normalization of the situation. About 131,000 persons have returned to a completely destroyed Pool region.

"A decade ago people would criticize WFP for being a logistics machine, and it remains so today. Without new incentives for enhanced quality of their actions, will they be different tomorrow? In order to further reduce costs of food distribution and avoid the critical nature of some partner NGOs, there is increased use of local and non-transparent organizations. The increased focus on the costs of food distributions has had a major impact in reducing the concept and efficacy of humanitarian intervention, and particularly in understanding the challenges to protection of victims in crisis."

"Meanwhile, aid groups have criticized WFP for its plans to cease widespread food distributions, calling the move premature when hunger and malnutrition are getting worse in parts of the country."

 

 

 

F. Plan for addressing the
Strengths and Weaknesses



1. Ask the WFP to offer incentives to the nations that donates any type of aid to the WFP and to provide it for the world‘s suffering nations.

2. Ask the donors of the WFP to negotiate any serious problems of any failed operation to escape any critical, social and economic problems.

3. Ask donating nations of the WFP to donate crop as well as money.

4. Ask donating nations to build crop in their countries for the WFP in case of any emergency in that nation or bordering nations.

 

 

 

Opening Speech to the United Nations



Honorable chair and most distinguished delegates.

We have dug through the hearts of all poor and suffering nations, we have fought the battle of poverty and disaster, and in the end…we have won. We brought aid to those in need; we gave food to those who’ve starved. Yet most out do not recognize what we have.

Still there are those who criticize what we have done, when it is there countries who we have saved. But…we are not here to blame and point fingers, we are here remind you of what you have become. Our purpose now is to come to end, and try to see what it is you don’t like about the structure, and it is then when the conclusion to your problem arises.

Have a nice day.