Country: Federal Republic of Germany
Event: AMMUN 2006
Students: Reem Al-Thekair, ECOSOC and Ambassador Khalid Al-Mutawa, General Assembly A
Links to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2006-2007 Team page
Political Structure: (Reem)
Germany’s government type is federal republic. It has three main branches: the executive branch, legislative branch and judicial branch. Germany has a parliamentary head of government, or prime minister, called the chancellor. The chancellor is chosen by a majority vote of the popularly elected lower house of parliament. Currently the chancellor is Horst Koehler since July 1st, 2004. Germany’s federal parliament consists of two legislative bodies, the Bundestag and the Bundesrat. Bundestag seats are determined by a two-part electoral process. German voters have two votes: one to directly select a candidate for their district, and the other to select a particular party. Germany follows civil law (or Roman law) procedures and organization, which differ substantially from American and British common law. Judges play a more activist role and attorneys a lesser one, than in an American courtroom. The government structure is a constitutional republic. The government type of Germany is a Federal Republic similar to the USA.
A number of political parties are represented in the Bundestag. The Social Democratic Party (SPD) is Germany’s oldest party. Founded in 1875 it emphasizes Christianity and humanism. The SPD has often allied itself with Germany’s Green Party. This party has gradually gained strength since it first won representation in the Bundestag in 1983. The Greens support environmentalism, feminism, and pacifism. Another major party is the conservative Christian Democratic Union (CDU), which is closely allied with the Christian Social Union (CSU) of Bavaria. Other parties are Free Democratic Party (FDP), Party of Democratic Socialism. (PDS), German People’s Party. (DVU), the Republikaner, The National Democratic Party (NPD).
"The constructive vote of no confidence" takes place in the German Parliament, the Bundestag. The "no confidence" motion may remove the Chancellor elected by the Bundestag. In order for this motion to take place, votes must be for this motion in addition to the selection of a credible successor. In 1982, it was the only time a no confidence vote was successful when it removed Helmut Shmidt from power and put in Helmut Kohl. The unstable Weimer Republic, in 1919, had a very unstable government. One aspect was that the chancellor, Reichskanzler called then, would be constantly voted out of office. This lead to the quick series of many chancellors in parliament. Because of this republic, "the constructive vote of no confidence."
Germany's geography is a fascinating thing to know about like the bordering countries and the rivers and much more. Germany is located in Central Europe. But the total: 357,021 sq. km, the is land: 349,223 sq. km, and the water: 7,798 sq. km .It is bordered to the north, by the North Sea, Denmark (68KM), and the Baltic Sea, to the east by Poland(456KM) and the Czech Republic(646KM), to the south by Austria (784KM) and Switzerland(334), and to the west by France(451KM), Luxembourg(138KM), Belgium(167KM) and the Netherlands(577KM).
The north of Germany is an area covered with lakes and marshes. This area is called the northern lowlands. This area begins at the sea and reaches inland where it becomes a landscape of hills valleys, streams, and rivers, which gradually become woodland and finally mountains. Germany’s Most important rivers: Rhine, north; Elbe, northwest; and Danube, southeast. The largest lake is Lake Constance, which covers an area of 538.7 square kilometers. It has a total area of 357,021 KM2 . 349,223 KM2 of which is land and 7,798 KM2 being water. It has a coastline of 2,389 KM, which is divided by the Baltic Sea and the North Sea; therefore, on of its problems are flooding.
One of the natural borders in Germany is it's mountains. The north is lowland making it a weak point in Germany's defenses while the south is filled with mountains causing a strong natural barrier between Germany and other countries.
Natural resources: (Khalid)
Germany has almost an unlimited amount of natural resources that help with the development of Germany. Germany’s natural resources include coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, arable land (33.13% of land) although Germany itself does not have the climate or the natural resources necessary to support a high living standard. Germany is not very self-sufficient (except with coal; it has the largest coal reserves in the European union 72.8 billion tones) it relies heavily on international imports and is the world's second largest importer of goods with a total of $801 billion in imports (consisiting of machinery, vehichles, chemicals, metals foodstuffs, textiles, and electricity). As for energy Brown coal from mines in the Leipziger Bucht and the Niederlausitz is still the major energy source in the eastern states, while petroleum is in the west.
Germany cannot rely on itself alone. It relies heavily on imports from other countries its main industries although are exported all over the world import most machinery and all machinery that is unimported is made from imported raw material. Germany is also dependent of food from the outside less in the east since is more agricultural.
Cultural Factors: (Reem)
The federal Republic of Germany has a population of 82,422,299. Making up it’s population is German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish). The religions are the Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%. Roman Catholics, mainly concentrated in the south, make up about 35 percent of the German population. Protestants make up about 37 percent of the population. A very small number of the population is Jewish.
Relations with Turkey, although tense at times, are strong. German policy towards asylum seekers has not changed since the last government. The relation between Germany and the Turks is extremely frictional. The large number of Turks in Germany is a source of extremely cheap labor, thereby lowering the minimum wage for Germans and expatriates alike. For this reason, they are hated in Germany by lower class Germans.
Germany continues to struggle with a number of social issues, although problems created by the German Reunification of 1990 have begun to reduce. The standard of living is higher in the western half of the country, but easterners now share a reasonably high standard of living. Germans continue to be concerned about a relatively high level of unemployment, especially in the former East German states. The country has passed several reforms to control unemployment. Recent polls have indicated a growing poverty in the country. In spring of 2006 it had reached 8% of the population, in the easten part as high as 20% according to the FES (Friedrich-Ebert Stiftung).
Germany’s external security has been tied to the NATO treaty since 1955. Even in peacetime, all major units of the German army and air force were assigned to NATO operational command, leaving no separate German army under German command. The final negotiations toward international recognition of united Germany gave Germans a choice of whether or not they wanted to continue in the Western alliance or to become a neutral nation; they chose NATO.
Germany’s defense is branched out into several branches: the Federal Armed Forces (Bundeswehr): Army (Heer), Navy (Deutsche Marine, includes naval air arm), Air Force (Luftwaffe), Joint Support Service, Central Medical Service. There are 18,917,537 males available between the ages of 18-49 and 17,913,113 females between the ages of 18-49 available for military service. Germany spends $35.063 billion for military expenditures, which is equal to 1.5% of its GDP. Because it is part of the NATO treaty which will help Germany in times of need.
After the defeat of the German forces in World War II, major efforts were undertaken to reduce the militaristic spirit of the German armed forces. Officers and soldiers were educated to be "citizens in uniform." The Basic Law ensured civilian control over the military, specifying that in peacetime the defense minister has the supreme command over the Bundeswehr. If the Bundestag declares a "state of defense," the command passes to the chancellor. The Bundestag also controls the defense budget, and its Defense Committee oversees the organization and procedures of the military.
Germany's wealthy and technologically powerful economy-the fifth largest in the world-has become one of the slowest growing economies in the euro zone. Germany's aging population, combined with high unemployment, has pushed social security expenditures to a level exceeding contributions from workers. Structural inflexibility in the labor market - including strict regulations on laying off workers and the setting of wages on a national basis - has made unemployment a unending problem.
Germany’s GDP is currently $2.504 trillion, with a growth rate of 0.9%. Germany’s GDP is branched out into three branches: Agriculture 2.8%, Industrial 33.4% and services of 63.80%. The unemployment rate is 11.6% and an inflation rate of 2%.
A major issue of concern remains the persistently high unemployment rate and weak domestic demand which slows down economic growth. Eastern Germany in particular suffers from a lack of a solid base of small and medium-sized companies, which provided the foundation for the Federal Republic's economic prosperity and is responsible in great measure for Germany's pause in economic growth.
Investments are a fixed 17.1% of its GDP. Germany’s budget is $1.249 trillion in revenues and $1.362 trillion in expenses. Germany’s public debt is 68.1% of it’s GDP. Germany has a 1.7% industrial production rate. Germany is among the world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles.
Germany exports items worth $1.016 trillion and imports items worth $801 billion. It exports machinery, vehicles, chemicals, metals and manufactures, foodstuffs, textiles. To France 10.3%, US 8.8%, UK 8.3%, Italy 7.2%, Netherlands 6.2%, Belgium 5.6%, Austria 5.4%, Spain 5%. Imports machinery, vehicles, chemicals, foodstuffs, textiles, metals. From France 9%, Netherlands 8.3%, US 7%, Italy 6.1%, UK 5.9%, China 5.6%, Belgium 4.9%, Austria 4.2%.
Germany’s main oil suppliers are Russia, Norway, Britain, and Libya. One third of German oil imports came from the North Sea and the Commonwealth of Independent States with just one quarter from members of OPEC. The increase in the cost of imported oil was a result of a spike in crude oil prices, which reached a peak above $ 35 a barrel in September
Views on world problems: (Khalid)
Germany being consistent with the goals of the EU wants to expand trade among the 25 member states of the EU and also with the global trade liberalization through the latest Doha round (The Doha Development Round of World Trade Organization negotiations aims to lower barriers to trade around the world, with a focus on making a more fair system of trade for developing countries.) of the World trade organization. Germany is committed to reducing trade restrictions, involving tariff and non-tariff barriers. This is due to Germany’s large dependence on foreign trade as most large German businesses earn up to 1/3 of their profit from foreign trade.
Germany also urges a larger limit on the EU’s stability and growth pact than 3% (on the budget deficit as a percentage of the GDP), which it is already exceeding . Germany also supports trade with Russia and China and the 2005 Hanover trade fair devoted much of its attention to growing economic and trade ties to Russia and china. Germany is Russia’s top trade partner and China is Germany’s top trade partner in Asia. Germany lives by its rules and by it’s rules itself.
Germany is also alarmed and concerned about the 24 identified Islamic extremist groups that pose a great security risk and promote terrorism members of these groups are 1 % of the Muslim population are 31,800 people. Germany is the main member of Europe's economic, political, and defense organizations. That is why it is always invited to meetings with the P5 countries even though it has no nuclear weapons.
Germany is currently involved with these organizations: AfDB, Arctic Council (observer), AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CBSS, CDB, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G-5, G-7, G-8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, MIGA, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNMOVIC, UNOMIG, UPU, WADB (nonregional), WCO, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC.
The state now known as Germany was unified as a modern nation-state only in 1871, when the German empire, dominated by the kingdom of Prussia, was forged. Later on to world war two. Hitler followed from 1938 onwards a policy of expansionism to establish greater Germany. To avoid a tow-front war, Hitler concluded the Moltov-Ribbentrop Pact with the Soviet Union, and broke it. During twelve years of Hitler's government killed more than six million Jews, thousands of gypsies, homosexuals, and others, were tortured and murdered.
During the years where the Soviet Union still hadn’t been corrupted Germany was divided in to two sides, east and west. Germany was divided by a wall in Berlin, which the wall was unsurprisingly called the Berlin wall. After the great fall of the Soviet Union the wall had been demolished. And Germany once again became a full country, and Berlin being the capitol. In World War II Hitler tarnished the name of Germany made it one of the most hated countries in the world, right after Israel.
Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) (Reem):
Issue 1. Steps taken towards combating money- laundering while protecting people's rights
"Only the protection of human rights and the rule of law can guarantee stability and peace." That is Germany’s UN Policy. Germany believes totally and utterly in human rights. Germany believes that if the business men and women are educated enough to realize that they don’t have to deal with money launderers in order to receive income they would be fully aware of the consequences that come with dealing with drug dealers. They would learn the ways to invest and work with the assets they have in order to make clean and pure money. They would turn their liability into a money making asset. With that in mind, education and aid is needed. Education is the key to life, a successful one at least. Most of the drug dealers are uneducated people. They found an easy money making career with high consequences. Hopefully the amount of drug dealers in the world will minimize.
Issue 2. Economic and social council event to consider the issue of transition from relief to development, while focusing on the role of empowerment and self sufficiency in guaranteeing sustainable development.
The German Government has moved the political aspects of development policy particularly high on the agenda - the prevention of crises, support for peaceful conflict resolution, and the promotion of all human rights, of democratic structures, good governance and gender equality. Germany’s development policy seeks to modify structures at three levels: 1. at the international level, by shaping international regimes in the appropriate way, e.g. the trade rules of the WTO ; 2. within the partner countries themselves, development policy supports the necessary changes in the areas which have been selected and agreed on with the countries concerned; 3. At home, the Federal Government, above all, is confronted with the crucial challenge of achieving greater logic between the various policy fields.
All the demands and challenges within this project can only be implemented by working together, in particular in mutual forums. Partnerships, and securing ownership on the part of our partner countries, are the prime principles of German development policy. During the last decade we have realized that the problems of the developing countries are global problems for which all countries and people share a responsibility. An awareness grew in all corners of the world that our natural resources are not endless. At the same time, there was a growing recognition that peace and security are closely linked to a solution to the problem of poverty in the world.
Issue 3. Effects of economic reform policies and debt relief on the development of LDCs, with due consideration to the assistance of the poor segment of the society.
When a developing country is reborn, provided there is enough aid, a new government is born as well. Aid is closely linked to the reformation of governments. There are many aspects of the government which will change completely after the rebirth, such as; the budgeting and use of money will be recorded in the country's books. Accountants would check and make sure that no one is "cooking the books". This would ensure that the rulers and governments are using the aid for the reason it has been donated for. And all the country's revenues from exports or any future projects will be recorded by the cents.
Germany believes that LDCs and all developing countries should be forgiven for their debt. They are struggling to survive; they need every dollar, cent they can get. There are millions of families whom which live on less than a dollar a day. We, the developed nations, should help them, invest in them. You never know how they might help you in the future. New developed projects, valuable lands, assets, the future is limitless. Germany proposes that we the developed nations should each take a LDC and be' responsible for their expenses and welfare. From raising donations from social events, i.e. "make poverty history".
Khalid Al-Mutawa: General Assembly
Issue # 1. The use of security and defense as a means of justifying racial discrimination and intolerance.
The use of security and defense as a means of justifying racial discrimination and intolerance is one of the worst crimes known to man. Racism has been a huge problem for centuries. Its just like cold war but no politics and army. This war is of freedom and peace. Again this conflict has been huge problem between black and white people. Poor and rich people, ETC. The UN has done many things to try and stop these conflicts. Like the Durban conference in 2001, it was against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. So far it hasn’t been so successfully but mad a lot of changes.
Germany too has problems like these. Especially between Nazis' and normal Germans. Nazis' are people obsessed with Adolph Hitler. But the government has helped a lot to stop this war of the two worlds. Germany has made a special force just for problems like these. And has attended the Durban conference in south Africa. Signed treaties and created treaties. And Germany has faced the challenge has in the eye and fought with all is might. But sill has not solved all of its problems. And Germany supports all types of polices against issues like these and others.
Issue # 2. Governmental measures to be taken on an international level to restrict the possible outbreak of a pandemic.
The current pandemic threat stems from an unprecedented outbreak of avian influenza in Asia and Europe, caused by the H5N1 strain of the Influenza A virus. To date, the virus has infected birds in 16 countries and has resulted in the deaths, through illness and culling, of approximately 200 million birds across Asia. While traditional control measures have been attempted, the virus is now endemic in Southeast Asia, present in long-range migratory birds, and unlikely to be eradicated soon. And the UN has done many things like create an international stockpile of anti-viral drugs, and to increase the use of the annual influenza vaccine.
As for Germany, it has done nothing but the best. Germany did, and still doing exactly what the UN has done. create an international stockpile of anti-viral drugs, and to increase the use of the annual influenza vaccine. Also Germany has built bio-shelters that keep anyone infected in this shelter so to not infect anyone else. And in these shelters there are scientists that try to cure the infected. So Germany has done a great deal to help with pandemic crisises. The best thing about the bio shelter is that it's free for the infected.
Issue # 3. Adverse effects of illicit movement and dumping of toxic and dangerous products and wastes on people’s rights to secure environment.
Germany absolutely supports all the rules, laws, and actions that are made by the UN towards the dumping of toxic and dangerous products and wastes on the environment. Pollution is a serious crime against humanity, furthermore Germany will suggest forming or reforming an organization that will effectively handle the problem at hand. An organization , a treaty, a conference , whatever it takes , as long as it takes care of the problem. This solution will solve thousands of problems not only in Germany but in most of the world.
The UN is strictly against the adverse effects of illicit movement and dumping of toxic and dangerous products and wastes on people’s rights to secure environment. Especially in the ECOSOC department. Anyone caught doing this crime will be sent to jail for 20 or more years. First of all it is illegal to even have toxic and dangerous products. But dumping them too; that’s almost worst than murder. And especially if you were dumping the toxic products on secure environments. Which people have the right to protect it.
Having Studied that according to the WHO that in recent years many people have been infected by viruses and killer flu,
Alarmed that from 1918 till 1969 over three pandemic viruses had happened (source by http://www.pandemicflu.gov/general/)
Expressing Its Appreciation towards the United Nations in trying to contain most pandemics according to the UN pandemic office,
Thanking UNAIDS who have contracted Professor Peter Aggleton, to prepare the background issues paper for the panel event of HIV/AIDS and other Pandemics,
Noting that according to the WHO that over 400 million people have died from pandemics such as bird flu and aids in 1918 till 1969 All sources (by http://www.pandemicflu.gov/general/)
1. CALLS UPON the creation of the new organization United Nations International Pandemics Union (UNIPO) A. that will help to stop diseases, B. find a cure for the diseases:
2. ASSURES that UNIPO will help in any pandemic situation: A. the Headquarters will be in Berlin with Sub branches , in known pandemic areas, B. Will get daily reports on recorded diseases, C. Get provided scientists from the UN and WHO to study each diseases and try to find a cure based on past experiences, D. Hold a conferences annually in Geneva and monthly meetings at sub branches, E. Will try to find the source of the disease;
3. URGES all countries to support UNIPO because it will make the world a better place
4. REASSURES that UNIPO will mostly help countries that have been recorded to be the discovering of the disease by Thailand, France, the United Kingdom, and Egypt.
5. RESOLVES the signing of a treaty that will try to stop the start of a pandemic disease and to open medical centers in every known country that starts a pandemic to: A.continue in the study of the disease at hand and also train people of the country how to handle a pandemic situation, B. provide monthly inspectors will check up on the people in certain sub- regions, C. give health tests to people who wish to check their health and report right away to the UNIPO headquarters;
6. AFFIRMS the building of a pandemic shelter A. after getting the country's permission and in a known pandemic area, B. that treats any sort of pandemic, C. keeps anyone infected in shelter isolated, D. has the best medical workers nearest to the person infected come to try and treat the person;
Submitted By: the delegate of Germany Commission: ECOSOC Issue: Steps taken towards combating money- laundering while protecting people's rights.
Deeply disturbed with the fact that education is unavailable in LDC and developing countries,
Expressing its appreciation to all nations who have tried to solve the question at hand,
1. Resolves the creation of a new organization the United Nations Helping Hand Organization (UNHHO), which will: A. Be headquartered in Geneva, B. Have quarterly meetings, C. Consist of: i. Two representatives from the LDC and the developing nations, ii. One representative from all the developed nations, D. Spread education and increase awareness of the importance of education throughout the needing countries;
2. Resolves that the UNHHO will appoint: A. Educators and volunteers which will come from nations all around the world, B. A regional managing team which will: i. Manage all educators and volunteers, ii. Oversee all lesson plans to insure that all lessons are vital and important to their future lives,
3. Further resolves that the UNHHO will establish night lessons for all adults whom have no time for education because they need to work,
4. Notes that the UNHHO will spread awareness of the importance of education by: A. Flyers, B. Adds in newspapers, C. Television, D. Representative speeches for all who can not read, own a television set and for dislocated tribes.
5. Further notes that with the awareness spread the people will acknowledge the vital importance of education and will learn the ways in which to further gain from their assets,
6. Assures all nations that the education provided in this organization will be necessary and vital to the well being of their future,
Honorable chair, fellow delegates. Good morning.
Welcome to this prestigious event. An event which unites all nations of the world in one forum. Allow us to take this opportunity for it might not come again. Germany would like to ask all delegates one question: could you open a door without a key?
(Pause) unfortunately you can't.
Without education the door to life is closed shut with no way of opening. Education is an important key to open one of the doors in life. Education brings understanding; understanding of the importance of human rights, gender equality, peace and security.
During the last decade we have realized that the problems of the developing countries are global problems for which all countries and people share a responsibility for. An awareness grew in all corners of the world that our natural resources are not endless. At the same time, there was a growing recognition that peace and security are closely linked to a solution to the problem of poverty in the world.
Honorable delegates, Germany stands here before you with a helping hand. And hopes that you do too. Allow us to make poverty history.
Khalid: General Assembly
Hallo ,guten tag, guten tag. Deutschland, Deutschland über alles, Über alles in der Welt,Wenn es stets zum Schutz und Trutze Brüderlich zusammenhält, Von der Maas bis an die Memel,Von der Etsch bis an den Belt -Deutschland, Deutschland über alles,Über alles in der Welt!
Meaning: Germany, Germany over everything, over everything in the world, if it always holds together to the protection and Trust fraternal. That is most of Germany National Anthem, the greatest song of all.
Today, tomorrow, the next day, and so on. Germany will do everything in it's power and might to save the world from Pandemics and diseases. Germany will try to save every country, friend or foe, poor or rich, corrupted or not. Germany will help and aid all. Today's issue about governmental measures to be taken on an international level to restrict the possible outbreak of a pandemic.
Help Germany, so Germany can help you.
Dear Angela Merkel:
My name is Khalid al Mutawa. In AMMUN I represented part of the delegation of Germany. I served as the general assembly sub commission A. as Germany I had to make an opening speech, where I said at first. Deutschland Deutschland über alles. Which I translated to the rest of the delegates. Later we debated the first resolution submitted by Brazil. I defended the resolution and debated it. And gave the speech that made it pass. Later we debated another resolution submitted by Turkey. I was second speaker, and first co-submitter. I gave speeches, asked important questions, and insulted countries, and finally made the resolution pass. Also I was second speaker and first co-submitter for Belgium. Again I gave speeches and made it pass by a majority. Later on came UK’s resolution where I wrote speeches for everyone to make the resolution fail. And I gave the speech that made it fail by a majority. In the end I got the most dramatic and emotional delegate award. And I think that I won the best delegate award.