The People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China Tour 2:
Qilai! Buyuan zuo nuli de renmen,
Ba women de xuerou zhucheng women xin de changcheng.
Zhonghua Minzu dao liao zui weixian de shihou,
Meigeren beipo zhe fachu zuihou de housheng.
Qilai! Qilai! Qilai!
Women wanzhong yixin,
Mao zhe diren de paohuo,
Mao zhe diren de paohuo,
Qianjin! Qianjin! Qianjin! Jin!
Arise, ye who refuse to be slaves!
With our flesh and blood,
let us build our new Great Wall!
The Chinese nation faces its greatest danger.
From each one the urgent call for action comes forth.
Arise! Arise! Arise!
Millions with but one heart,
Braving the enemy's fire.
Braving the enemy's fire.
March on! March on! March on!
The "Glorious" Ming
Who's Buried in Ming's Tomb?
This is the "Other" of china's two "Historical Cities," along with Beijing before the historians got excited and started upping the list to first four and finally ten. It it properly associated with both the Ming and the Republic of China, of which you will see lots of evidence below though it served as the Wu capitol during the "Romance of Three Kingdoms" period which proceeded the reunification of China under the Chin/Han. It is thus one of the earliest southern capitals, and it's name means southern capital.
Much to my own surprise, you will see that the city does NOT rest on the banks of Yangtze, like Memphis or St. Louis but on a branch that runs through the center of the city. This protects the city from most flooding while allowing it to use the river to its own purposes. The Confucian Temple, below, is the oldest landmark of the city, and it is on this canal/branch.
Because it is in the south, and the Chinese people started off on the north central plains on the northern river, it acheived its fame later than places such as X'ina (Changan). During the long period of northern wars, as people drifted to the south and east and the Sung maintained capitals, by today's standards, not far from Nanjing and relied more on the Yangtze, Nanjing's importance rose.
Nanjing reached its greatest historical prominence when a national outrising against the Yuan became a national war. The Mongol army fell to the Chinese near to Nanjing (as you will see below). Accordingly, the Ming made Nanjing their first capital before (inexplicably to me) return to Beijing, the old Mongol capital where they eventually ffffaded away. Nanjing became again a reginal capital.
A similar set of circumstances occurred in the era between 1911 and 1945. Again, unrest in the north led first Sun Yet-Sen and later, the Koumingtang (Nationalists) to make the capital of China Nanjing. That status remained despite the imfamous Japanese destruction of the city (shown below) when the Nationalists temporarily relocated to Chungking but still regarded Nanjing as the capital. You can see below the capital building Sun used. Numerous Sun monuments, visited by all Chinese who regard him as the father of the modern country, adorn the city. This giant memorial here mirrors the similar one in Taipei.
You can also see the regional Communist headquaters. The museum (almost completely unvisited when I went there) shows the Spartan conditions under which the leaders lived during their period of opposition. The wax museum below captures the poses of the last press conference they held to report on the Civil war.
I visited Nanjing in February of 2012. It was about freezing, even with some snow.
A funny thing happened with the pictures only of Nanjing. I dutifully turned their names all to lower case, only to have System 7 turn a dozen or so BACK all capitals. This happenned nearly a half dozen times. So if a picture does not appear, email Microsoft and tell them that you are as baffled as I am with this.
This is a view from the RR station north of the city from across Xuanhua Lake.
This is part of the extensive southern walls around the city in Hubin Park.
This is part of the once massive city walls.
In the Confucius Temple district is the historical museum and the
ďfirst gardens in the city.Ē
5. Me in the same, note the cold weather, near freezing.
An historical home of two generations in the Temple District.
This a view of the Confucius Temple from the river on which Nanjiang is located. Itís some distance away from the Jiangiang on the Qinhuai River.
Confucius Temple: center of the historical district. It was (1024)
built during the Soong dynasty but rebuilt several other times.
Confucious and another famous teacher.
New Yearís Crowds on this date (February 2012). Note the crowds.
Examination District: Nanjiang once held a very famous
examination center. See the statues around the outside.
A pained scholar. He thinks studying is a bummer. In Soong and
Ming times this area held as many as 10,000 little examination cells.
They're happy they don't have to take an exam!
Qinhoir River. This is a boat floating up the river.
This scholar is about my age. Obviously, he is not yet a Doctor!
The Red Lantern novel: A famous novel about this area concerned
a prostitute who revolts against the Mongols for the Mings. Everyone
says theyíve not heard of this book, but they probably have.
"Lu Ann, you wanna put out the red light...."
Hereís a view of the city from a distance with Bailhuza Garden.
Zhonghuat Gate. This is one of two major gates to the city.
It was built back in Ming time when it Nanjing was a capital.
This, on the other hand, is Jiming Temple, which according to
its brochure was built as long ago as 300 A.D.
For a Communist country its temples on holiday seemed very busy.
This is Chaotian Place, which I stumbled upon quite by accident.
Another view. Note the locked gates. Obviously I came at the wrong time.
I think that this is Juishan Hill Park
A view in the distance of other pagodas.
This White horse Park, again North of downtown
This is Yunggen Lake Park
This is Jinan temple.
This is the Ming Palace. After driving out the Mongols, the Ming initially
selected Nanjing, not Beijing, as their capital. This is their capital.
Another view of the Ming Palace.
A funky statue. Seeing off into the distance down from their palace.
One dynast with a wanna-be.
The Meiyan Xinchu Museum. This celebrates the early Communists
in Nanjing. This shows the last press conference held in this tiny facilities.
Chou En Lai Museum: The would-be revolutoinaries lived here in
almost unbelievably Spartan conditions plotting their revolution.
The Presidential Museum: Under Sun Yet Sen and later under the
Goumingtang of Chiang Kai Chek, this was the national capital.
Gardens of the Palace
Speaking of Sun Yet Sen. Here he is yet again.
And Yet again. This is the gates of the OTHER Sun-Yet sen
Masuoleum, along with the one located in Taipei.
Antoher view. Letís all take a climb.
Weíre getting there. This was designed in 1926, shortly after Sunís
death, but long before either an established Nationalist or Communist rule.
in Beijing, so she could call the palce in case of a revolution.
That surely did take a long time to climb.
Here is the entrance to the Ming Tombs. The Ming started the tombs
in 1381 for Zhu Yuanzhang, first Ming emperor, and took 25 years!
The Ming put up a bunch of funky animals, but I still donít get it.
They took 25 years just to build this. Where are the bodies buried?
Hereís a placard, but itís getting dark, and I still donít see..
Aha! So this is what took 25 years, not trimming the lawn.
Each layer surpasses the last, building after building after buiding,
each for the dead guy, like the palaces in Beijing built after, until
Yes, this is the LAST one. Itís a definition of the word massive.Despite stories to the contrary, recent research shows that the body indeed lies
under all of these
massive piles. But wait, let me check to make sure heís.there. Let me look....
Help, the walls are caving in on me. Heeeeeeelp!
Chaotiangong Palace. Apparently, the title is something of a misnomer.
This was a palace in about the same sense as the Temple of Heaven in
Beijing, used for ceremonies to bless the harvest and that sort of thing.
This old guy just canít get enough of me.
Hereís another view of the same.
Nanjing Memorial: This remarks upon the site of the Japanese December 13, 1937 massacre, rape and pillaging of Nanjiang, then The capital of Nationalist China.
The Commies weird sense of memorializing. The far monument
laments the martyrís death while the soldier calls to arms..
Mass grave with an eternal flame. Supposedly some 10,000 or so
lie just under the gravel in this particular spot.
Mouchou Lake Park, once a kind of Chinese Walden Pond
for scholars, most of them also retired Mandarins.
Military Plane: celebrating the glory and might of China.
The young are supposed to be inspired by seeing such sights.
Did you want to see more? Rockets and PT Boats
Wait, this is getting out of hand!
This is a more modern Nanjing.
Letís get more arty: Here is a famous writer who lived here.
Ling Bauo(?) and Huang Yuji lived here in Manchu times. As is typical,
note that these writers also worked for the government as mandarins.
Poetís models but not the kind who strip
In a different vein, Yahuatai Park and museum celebrates
Communist martyrs. Note the heroic pose affected here.
This is some sort of a capital building. Perhaps its the
modern provincial capital building?
Temple within the pak
This is somewhat different. It celebrates some rebellious who died
in 1912 fighting against the Manchus inspired by Sun Yet Sen.
I donít know Hua Yu?
This is another section of the city wall.
Here is a view from the top. Itís wide enough that cavalry can ride along the top.
Wait, I think I hear the ghosts of emperors behind me or their
cleaning men trying to get the horse manure off the city walls.
This is the Linggu Temple relocated from its original location and originally built to be the first Ming emperorís tomb. Itís also a memorial to those who died on the subsequent ďNorthern ExpeditionĒ fighting for the Republic against the Ching and Warlords.
This is a view from the top into the adjoining ĒSoul Valley.Ē Soul men?
This is the Den Yanda Tomb. This became the model for the Sun Yat-Sen.
This the Dr. Sun Yet-sen Museum.
This is the Sun Memorial, not to be confused with a Mausoleum, which has the
actual body. Itís significant because the funding came from overseas Chinese.
This is Jinghai Temple in Shizishan Park.
This Yeujianglou Tower towers above the Yangtze, which it overlookds. Here, at this site Zhu Yuanzhang defeated the Mongols king Cheng Youliang in 1368.
The Chinese continue to confuse lions and cats.
View from the Yangtze, from the Towerís top, one can view the Yangtze.
View of Nanjing from the Lion Tower.
Another view of the Yangtze
Here I stand at Jinghai Temple.
This is the entrance to Xingui Park from which Iím exiting.
The temple from the otuside.
Another veiw of the Tower behind the nearby historic temple.
The Yangtze final view: Itís time to sail away.
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