I toured Jordan in the summer of 1999. You'll see a lot of pictures of historical sites, maybe too many.
Jordan was largely a creation of the Romans, who wanted a local capital with which to rule this part of the world. They built Amman on seven hills because it reminded them of Roman which had a similar number of hills.
Subsequent to that Jordan existed as parts of various Arab empires, Ummayyid, Abbasid, and Fatamid, all left their various remains behind.
To Westerners Jordan is more famous for two things. First, Lawrence of Arabia fought most of his battles here. The famous flight into Akaba (below) was to capture the only port in today's Jordan that could serve as a supply base for his army (and Faisal's). That fight led to British creation of a "Transjordan" governed by the Hashemite family, today's Jordan.
Jordan is more famous today as being a nation of nations. Along with the original Jordanians (red head scarf) are various Palestinians (white scarf) whom the Westerners have encouraged to settle. The Iraqi Civil war sent another group of refugees to Jordan (with the hopes that a peace settlement would send them home). Sure enough, the Syrian civil war have sent more refugees. A symbol of the hoped for unity, besides Jordan's reasonbly friendly peace with Israel (for which the UN pays them buy giving them money for Palestinian refugees it houses) is the marriage between the current king and his princess, a Palestinian.
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