Sri Lanka(Ceylon) Tour 2: Kandy and the Central Island
The Temple of Danbulla contains some of the most famous images of the Buddha, most of them carved into the walls. As a result, my pictures of them largely did not come out. The images date from the 18th century.
After the destruction and loss of Polunnaruwa, Sri Lanka effectively split into three kingdoms, a Tamil kingdom in the far North, separated from the Sinhalese by a barrier of jungle at about the line of the old capitals, and two other states in Kotte and Kandy. While the northern states often conflicted with, ironically enough, with Hindu empire such as that of Vijaniger, the southern states fell through a series of civil wars and a Malaysian invasion.
The southern states, in this respect, suffered from their sucess as they became profitable as trading and fishing ports. The Portugues and the Dutch, in their turn, took them over.
Isolated Kandy survived on its own with some manner of independence. It even surived for a while under the British as a client state. The upland kingdom became both a symbol of Sihalese independence and as a hideout for those working against the foreign powers. Under the British, eventually the Kandyans came under control, almost as client state.
The British new a good place when they saw one. As in the case of India, they needed a nicer, cooler place in which to reside than in the lowlands. As a result, Kandy became something of a combination of Hill Station and a local city.
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