Delegate: Zaineb Hassan
Event: AISMUN 2003
Australia is called in its conventional long form the Commonwealth of Australia, in its conventional short form Australia, and its capital is Canberra its Administrative divisions is composed of 6 states and 2 territories; Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queens land, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia. Its government type is democratic and it follows the British system even in the legal system.
The national holiday which Australia celebrates each year is on, 26 January. Political parties and leaders of Australian are the democrats Natasha Stott Despoja; the labor party Simon Crean; the country labor party leader NA; the green party bob brown; liberal party john Winston Howard; the national party john Anderson; and one nation party leader NA.
Australia’s natural recourses are wide in variety and they are mostly composed of metals, they are bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, and petroleum
The population of Australia is 19,546,792 The population growth rate 0.96%Of the total. The total migration rate 4.12 migrant(s)/1,000 populations.The Ethnic groups which are found in Australia are Caucasian which makes up the biggest percent of the ethnic groups is 92%, Asian is 7%, and the last and least one is aboriginal and others which is composed of 1%.
The religions practiced in Australia are Anglican which is26.1%, Roman Catholic is 26%, other Christian is 24.3%, non-Christian is 11%, and the other are12.6%.the languages which are spoken are English, and the native language. There is no conflict between the groups except for minor problems which are handled.
The military branches in Australia are The Royal Australian Army, The Royal Australian Navy, and The Royal Australian Air Force. The age when the person is eligible to enter the army is at the age of 17.
Australia's support of US behavior as we are a 'military ally' is missing the point in today's world. US MD plans - which involve nuclear-tipped 'interceptors' - undermine the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and negotiations for a nuclear Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty, something which the Australian government says it strongly supports and advocates.
Australia is located near the Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean, the total area of Australia is 7,686,850 sq km the area of water is 68,920 sq km the area of the land is 7,617,930 sq km it has 0 land boundaries because it is boarded by the ocean, its coastline is 25,760 km.
Australia’s climate is generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north, its lowest point is Lake Eyre -15 m and its highest point is Mount Kosciusko 2,229m.its natural hazards is cyclones along the coast; severe droughts; forest fires.
View on world problems:
An international Disputes which is between Australia and the East Timor of Indonesia it is a territorial case both nations are working and trying to find a suitable arrangement which both nations could cope with on the maritime boundary and sharing of seabed resources in "Timor Gap";
The industries which Australia has are mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, and steel. Its Agriculture products are wheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits; cattle, sheep, and poultry.
Australia exports coal, gold, meat, wool, alumina, iron ore, wheat, and machinery and transport equipment. It exports it to the following countries Japan 19%, US 9%, South Korea 7%, China 6%, New Zealand 5.8%, Singapore 4%,(the number percentages is the percent of the export of Australia divided amongst its export partners ).the amount of money it gains exporting is $68.8 billion which was estimated in 2001.
Australia imports machinery and transport equipment, computers and office machines, telecommunication equipment and parts; crude oil and petroleum products. its import partners are US 20%, Japan 13%, China 7.7%, UK 6%, Germany 5%, South Korea 4%, New Zealand 4%, Malaysia 3.6%(also the number percentages is the percent of the export of Australia divided amongst its export partners) its imports costs 70.2 billion which means that it is higher that the export which shows that the country is not making any money though exporting since it is spending it and more on importing
In 1770 Captain James Cook finally ended the mystery of Terra Australia was mysterious and disguised for the European world. Although partly discovered and mapped to the west and north by Dutch and Portuguese traders and explorers and by English pirate, William Dampier, until Cook's four-month cruise on the Endeavour up the east coast of what he called New South Wales in 1770, the maps of the time showed a blank - the east coast was unknown to, and uncharted by, the European world. Of course the local Aboriginal inhabitants had, over tens of thousands of years, mapped the land their way - through their, a complex intertwining of land, culture, language, family relations and spiritual selves. This was to be put under pressure from the first moment of Cook's landing at Botany Bay in 1770. On 22 August 1770 on Possession Island, off what is now northern Queensland, Cook claimed all eastern Australia for King George III.
1. Food security and effects increasing agricultural production.
The Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture mentions food security as a legitimate "no trade" concern of agricultural policy, but the agreement focused exclusively on liberalizing trade in agricultural products. It was also said that it would strengthen food security by removing distortions in agricultural trade.
Food security would be enhanced if developed countries stopped stimulating production through price supports and export subsidies. Food security depends on an adequate supply, distribution, and access to culturally appropriate food for every individual. It depends on intricate social, cultural, economic, and political relationships that differ enormously from place to place and over time. So these things should be accomplished in order to fulfill the goal which is in mind.
2. Economics of tourism and government incentives for foreign investment in large scale construction projects to attract foreign visitors. Australia
The Government should promote and provide incentives for foreign investment that is consistent with the country's economic and social development and the general well-being of the population. The South East Queensland Forests Agreement Tourism Initiative aims to encourage investment in forest-based tourism and recreation industry in southeast Queensland. Funding grants of between $5,000 and $25,000 are available for projects including feasibility studies, marketing and business plans and the establishment of forest-based tourism.
Western Australian Tourism Commission Board chairman Alan Mulgrew said extensive consultation State-wide had revealed that the Commission needed to take a greater role in the development of infrastructure and tourism attractions. Tourism has enormous potential to deliver jobs and economic growth for Western Australia, but it will not happen without a united and sustained plan that include integrated marketing, quality infrastructure, and major enterprise and event development,. The Board also wants a new look at the regional tourism arrangements. It believes that existing resources are spread too thinly over ten funded Regional Tourism Associations.
3. Spurring trade block integration and closer regional economic ties. Action paper/presentation: Review of the ethics of globalization and the role of NGOs.
I could not find a thing, so I wimped out.
Issue:Food security and effects increasing agricultural production
Defining food security as knowing when you are going to get your next meal,
Realizing that not everyone in the world has food security In fact over 800 million people are chronically under nourished in a world,
Keeping in mind As our knowledge of plant genetics improved, we used controlled crossbreeding and hybridization of plants with desirable traits,
Observing that there can be many causes of food insecurity Some causes are short term and are brought about by nature being destructive, e.g., when floods, cyclones, droughts, bushfires, volcanic eruptions or locust plagues destroy crops and food stores,
Taking into account sometimes the causes of food insecurity are social and economic this can happen if farmers have very small farms, or use poor farming techniques, and cannot grow enough food for themselves and to sell to others,
Aware of the fact that In 1997 and 1998, when Papua New Guinea (PNG) suffered a huge drought, Australia, through the Government's overseas aid agency, spent $30 million to deliver rice, flour, oil and fresh water to thousands and thousands of hungry, thirsty people.
Expecting that some thing will be done on this issue to help in solving this problem;
1. Resolves the formation of UNFSO (United Nations Food Security Organization) to implement the things which will be mentioned further on in this resolution;
2. Urges the UNFSO to do the following and teach what needs to be taught to the people : A) help people improve their farms and their herd style, B) constructing food stores so food could be easy to access, C) improving the status of women and girls so it is easier for them to go to short courses to learn about farming and herding and to borrow money to buy the seed and fertilizer and technology they need, D) ensuring that adults, and especially children, receive food in emergency situations such as floods wars etc.;
3. Calls upon the UNFSO to conduct studies on the following to help in agriculture: A) plant genetics, B) crossbreeding and hybridization of plants, C) biotechnology and Biopesticide, D) coming up with ways to help in the survival of plants in hot or cold areas;
4. Further recommends that all nations be strict in the way that they judge restaurants or any place where food is sold based on its cleanness the cleanness of the people who are working there and the type of food which is sold (type of meat, bad fish) does it harm the people;
5. Encourages the UNFSO to:
A) improve roads so that food can be moved to where is it needed, or where it can be sold B) encouraging trade so that food can be more easily bought and sold;
6. Expresses its hope that the in the near future if all hunger is solved that we will be able to say Everyone in the world knows they will have a next meal, that it will be a healthy one, and that it will be on time.
G'day! Welcome from the land of the koalas and kangaroos welcome from the home of the Aborigines and Boomerangs, welcome to the land of Kakadu National Park which is the largest park in the country and was the site for the film Crocodile Dundee. And welcome form the home of the Sydney Opera House where the great Pavarotti sang in.
But ladies and gentle men Australia does not stand here to impress you, it is here to solve a problem which it thinks that many of the nations are suffering from, and that is lacking the ability to produce your own food to help and support your people with instead of importing every thing.