Student: Dalia Al Awadi
Turkey is a democratic country , and is a self governing state, and is a member of NATO and the UN and is expecting to be part of the EU. The head of the government is the republican parliamentary democracy who is responsible for Turkeys parliament and Turkeys origin is located in Ankara.
The territory of Turkey has been home to ethnically and culturally distinct groups from the ancient Hittites , Phrygians and Assyrians to Greeks Persians Roman and Arabs. The nomadic of modern Turks immigrated from the Central of Asia n the 11th century and conquered Arabs and Byzantine empires and set themselves as rulers. Their arrival stamped Turkish language and culture on the population found there which Islam replaced Christianity, in the early 1990s 20% of the population belonged to the ethnic tribes particularly the Kurds, Greeks, Arab, Armenians and Jews. In our world today there are two ethnic groups in Turkey, 80% are Turkish and 20% are Kurdish, however in Turkey 99.8% of the population are Muslims (mostly Sunni) and 0.2% other are mostly Jews and Christians, there are many diversities of languages in Turkey; Turkish, Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian and Greek, in the other hand Turkish is the official language.
The monetary system for Turkey is Turkish Lira (TRL), Turkeys annual imports is usually much higher than exports. The government has a great influence over the Turkish economy and own several industries. The agricultural products that Turkey depends on are tobacco, cotton, grain, olives, sugar beets, pulse and citrus. In the year 2001 Turkeys external debt was $118.8 billion. Turkeys partners in exporting are Germany, US, Italy, UK and France and their import partners are Germany, Italy, Russia, US, France and the UK. In both cases Germany exports from Turkey the most and Turkey imports form Germany the most.
Turkey a mountainous country with narrow plain and high central plateau called Anatolia has a temperature of hot dry summer with mild wet winters which can be harsher in interiors. Turkey is located in southern of Europe and southern of Asia, however geographically Turkey is part of Europe, it borders the Black sea between Bulgaria and Georgia and borders Mediterranean Greece and Syria.
Turkey has a rich agricultural resources and important deposits of lignite, black coal, iron ore, and chromium. Turkey agricultural output increased through the use of more machinery and fertilizer and better varieties. The diversity of climates in Turkey allows many specialty crops to be grown. The production of Turkeys crops included 29.7 million metric tons of cereals such as wheat, barley, rice and maize, 20.8 million tons of vegetables and melons such as tomatoes, onions, eggplant and cabbage, 5.0 millions tons of root crops such as sugar beets and potatoes, 9.5 million tons of fruits such as grapes, apples, olives, citrus and nuts and 673,000 tons of oilseed. Turkey has many commodities, their export commodities are apparel, foodstuff, textiles, metal manufacture, and transport equipment and their import commodities are machinery, chemicals, semi finished goods, fuels and transport equipment.
The Turkish armed forces divide up into the following branches: land forces, Navy (which includes Naval Air and Naval infantry), Air Force, Coast Guard and Gendarmerie. The military manpower military age is 20 years old and the military expenditure for the Turkish military are $8.1 billion. Military manpower availability for the Turkish military males age 15-49 is 19,219,177 (2002 est.)
Views on world problems:
Turkey being in many relations with other countries is a member in numerous organizations these organization including: ADB; Asian Development Bank, BIS; Bank for International Settlements, BSEC; Black Sea Economic Cooperation Zone, CE Council of Europe, CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research, EAPC Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, ECE Economic Commission for Europe, ECO Economic Cooperation Organization, EU European Union, FAO Food and Agriculture Organization, IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency, ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization, ICRM International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, IDB Islamic Development Bank, IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development, IHO International Hydrographic Organization, IOM International Maritime Organization, OAS Organization of American States, OIC Organization of the Islamic Conference ,OPCW Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, UNIKOM United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission and WTO, World Tourism Organization.
Turkey is attempting at gaining membership to the EU, Turkey has been a member of NATO is for 57 years and is hoping that this relation will not be destroyed.
1) Control of racism and incitement to violence and anarchy on the internet.
Turkey is strongly aware of this issue, since many European countries have a problem if Turkey did joined the EU, since its religion is mostly Muslims, and many European countries believe that if both religion clashes it will not create a "one" country. Turkey also have social problems with other counties because of its religion, in solving this matter Turkey joined many organization that can take effective steps to decrease racism. Such as the OSCE, which Turkey is very attached to and have been actively involved in the OSCE process, and also believes that all main causes of conflicts and human rights violations, including aggressive nationalism, racism, xenophobia and terrorism should equally capture the attention of all OSCE States. Another organization is the ASAM The Association for Solidarity with Asylum Seekers and Migrants it is a non-profit humanitarian, non-governmental organization that is concerned with refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced persons regardless of race, religion, nationality or political conviction, and it is also to defend the human rights of migrants in Turkey.
2) Biodiversity and protection, conversation and reintroduction of endangered and threatened species of flora and fauna, including implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity and Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES)
Plants and animals have always gone extinct and thus extinction is a natural process. More than 90% of all plants and animals that ever lived are expected to have gone extinct. However, the rate of extinction is now higher than at any other time since life developed on this planet. Some biologists suggest the earth will lose 2033% of its plant and animal life within the next 20 years and it is stated that the loss of species is likely to have unknown effects on natural ecosystems. The causes of extinction are numerous, and many species face multiple threats, but the major causes of species becoming threatened or endangered with extinction are human related.
The convention known as the CITES is an international agreement between Governments, its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival, and to try to prevent animals and plant from extinction. Turkey right now is distracted by many political concerns, especially since it may be a war with its neighbor, and does not have the full attention towards this issue, however it agrees that this issue should be ended and is thankful for any aid from any organization.
3. Review of economic sanction as a means of compulsion imposed upon countries to encourage or punish domestic activities:
The elimination of economic trading between countries is called economic sanction which is obviously a great disadvantage to countries, that depend greatly on other countries economically or in other words, countries that are not self sufficient.
In order to punish Iraq for their cruel intentions of attacking other countries, the UN along with all member countries had economic sanction against Iraq, due to the occurrence of mass destruction weapons in Iraq. Turkey believes that economic sanction should be referred to for countries that are disrupting the peace process in the world and harming any chapter of the world
Issue: Control of racism and incitement to violence and anarchy on the internet.
Student: Dalia Al Awadi
Defining racism as the act of discrimination of a person due to the color of his/her skin color, nationality, religion
Bearing in mind that even though many countries signed treaties against racism and violation against human rights, many citizen are being abused, again due to their color religion, culture and race.
Keeping in mind that all human beings should be given their right under no circumstance what race they are, in what religion they believe or the color of their skin.
Deeply concerned that many citizens are being discriminated against their religion race etc.,
View its appreciation to ICTY for its leading efforts to solve this ever growing issue,
Expressing its appreciation toward countries whom are against this situation and whom are trying to prevent and solve this situation,
Declaring that if this situation is being aware and is important towards countries this situation or problem can be solved
Desiring that in the future that no man (human being) will be discriminated due to the color of their skin, in what culture they are in, and importantly have the freedom of choice of religion.
1)Deeply Disturbed that many people are being discriminated on the basis of religion, race, color...
2) Congratulates all efforts done by organizations for contributing in solving this issue.
3) Resolves by creating an organization called The Importance of Human Rights which will take place in Geneva yearly and will have 35 seats for any countries from any continents which will discuss: A. Preventing religion, color, race etc. in being part of anything like in voting , etc. B. Letting citizens and countries vote and suggest ideas. C. Creating laws not against national sovereignty for any country that give out penalties for any person who violates the rights of another citizen and upon conviction, sending them prison.
4) Further resolves that by the aid TIHR the following will be provided: A. Installing hidden monitoring cameras to view any human violation, B. Increase police patrols in public areas, C Will launch a campaign to increase awareness by TV, radios, courses, newspapers, articles;
5) Implies that after this organization begins, the following will happen: A. Racism will decrease, B. People will receive fair treatment no matter what race, color religion the person is, C. A safer community will develop.
Traveling to Turkey is a type of excursion into the past and modern period, Turkey a land of rich history, natural beauty world famous cuisine, where hospitality is a major ingredients in people, and that will satisfies your expectation.
One of the many problems that are dotting the globe is the issue of racism, and Turkey suffers significantly from the discrimination of other countries due to its religion, for example, the European Union IS hesitantly in the admittance of Turkey to its union, due to its religion, Turkey wishes that by this session that both issues would be unravel.