Syria
The Syrian Arab Republic

Event: AMMUN 2003


Students:
Abdullah Al-Mdaires, Ambassador, Disarmanet
Abdullah Al-Ibrahim, Decolonial
Ahmad Al-Qamlas, Legal



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The Syrian National Anthem



Syria


 

Country Profile



Political structure (Abdullah Al-Mdaires)

The Syrian Arab Republic, also known as Syria or Suriyah, was formerly called United Arab Republic. The Syrian government is a republican government under a military regime. The capital of Syria is Damascus, but Syria also has 14 other provinces (Al-Hasakah, Al-Ladhiqiyal, Quntariya, Ar-Raqqah, As-Suwayda’, Dar’a, Dayr, As-Zawr, Dimashq, Halab, Hamah, Hims, Idlib, Rif Dimashq, and Tartus). The Syrian constitution was drafted in 1973. Syria’s legal system is based on both Islamic law and secular law. There are special religious courts. The Syrian legal system has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.

The head of the state is President Bashar Hafith Al-Asad, and the two vice presidents are Abd Al-Halim Bin Said Khaddam and Mohammed Zuhaire Mashariqa. The prime minister of Syria is Mohammed Mustafa Miru and he is the head of the Syrian government. The legislative branch in Syria is the unicameral people’s council, or Majlas Al-Shaab, which consists of 250 seats that are voted every four years by the people. There are many political parties in Syria and these parties are National Progressive Front or NPF, Socialist Unionist Democratic Party [Ahmad al ASAD], Syrian Communist Party , Unionist Socialist Party, Arab Socialist Party [Abd al-Ghani QANNUT], and Arab Socialist Unionist Movement [Sami SUFAN]); Syrian Arab Socialist Party or ASP [Safwan QUDSI]; Syrian Communist Party or SCP [Yusuf FAYSAL]; Syrian Social National Party [Jubran URAYJI]. There is political stability in Syria because there are not many opposition groups and the ruling regime is popular with the Syrian people.

The Al-Asaad family has ruled Syria over the past forty years, after the Syrian state became a military regime. The Al-Assad family is a big member of the Ba’athist party and it became the head of the Ba'athist Party in Syria. The establishment of a study circle by Salah al-Din Bitar and Michel Aflaq in 1940, which they called the Movement of Arab Renaissance, was the beginning of the Arab Ba'ath Party in Syria. In 1967 the Arab Ba'ath Party took assumed rule of the Syrian state. A military coup, led by Hafez Al-Assad (Bashar Al-Assad's father) which resulted in him becoming the new president of Syria.

 

Geography (Ahmed AL-Qamlas)

Syria’s total area is approximately 185,180 sq. km, including land which is 184,050 sq. km and water which is 1,130 sq. km. Syria borders the countries of Iraq, Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan. Syria's total area is 185,180 sq. km. Syria has a mostly hot, humid, dry and hot climate in the summer and a rainy, cold, and snowy climate in the winter. Almost 26% of the area of Syria is fit for cultivation. Approximately 4% of the land has crops planted throughout the year. There are not many natural hazards in Syria, except for dust storms and sand storms.

 

Natural Resources (Ahmed AL-Qamlas)

Syria does not have many natural resources. The most important natural resource for Syria is the oil that is found in the northeast. Gypsum, a colorless, white, or yellowish mineral, is widespread in Syria; it is used in manufacturing of plasters, various plaster products, and fertilizers. Minerals and Timber are some rare natural resources in Syria. Phosphate, Lead, Cooper, Chrome and Manganese ores, which are a brownish-black solid or semi-solid mixture of various flammable mixtures taken from native deposits or as a petroleum product, used in paving, roofing, and waterproofing is another important natural resource for Syria. Iron ore, rock salt, marble that is used in building, gypsum, and hydropower are more natural resources in Syria. In the Latkia province there is found some chrome being worked.

 

Cultural Factors (Abdullah Al-Ibrahim)

As of 2003, Syria has a population of 17,585,540 people. Over ninety percent are Arabs, while 9.7% are Kurdish, Armenians and others. Unfortunately, Forty thousand Syrian people live in Israeli-occupied areas. In Syria, Over 38% of the population is younger than fifteen years of age, which also means that it will have a fairly good future since it has the young men who will grow up to be able to produce and work. Over 58% of the population is between the ages of 15 and 64. This shows that Syria is passing now the best time in producing and developing, since most of the population are in the best stage to produce. In addition, there is only 3.2% of the population who are over 65 years old. The population is growing fairly well, in which Syria’s population growth rate is 2.45%. Syria is considered a Muslim country, because 90% of the population is Muslims. Other than that, there are Christian (various sections) 10%. There are also some Jews in tiny communities. The official language is Arabic, but there are many other languages like Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian which is widely understood, also French, and the English, which is fairly understood.

 

Economy (Abdullah Al-Ibrahim)

The Syrian GDP is $59.4 billion (2002). As of 2002, Syria's GDP has been growing by 3.5%, which is considered good. While Syria's GDP does not depend on one means alone of gaining income, the service sector accounts for 50% of the total GDP, 40% of Syria's 4.7 million-strong labor force is in services. Twenty-seven percent of the GDP is related to agriculture, in which 40% of the work force in agriculture. Also, 23% is related to manufacturing, there is 20% of the work force is in manufacturing. More than 20% of the population is unemployed, which may seriously affect economic development. Generally, Syria has a good balance of trade. Exports have a value of $6.2 billion, and imports have a value of $4.9 billion , which is a very good sign of development is when exports exceed imports. Syria has many export partners, such as Germany (19%), Italy (16%), France (12%), Turkey (7%), Lebanon (5%), Spain (4%), Austria (3%), Saudi Arabia (3%), and other countries such as Iraq. In addition, Syria has a lot of natural resources that help in economic development. Syria has crude oil, and petroleum products, fruit and vegetables, cotton fibers, animals. This plays a great role in the economic development. While in imports, it usually import what is unavailable, such as machinery and transport equipment, food and livestock, metal and metal products, and chemicals products. Nearly all of Syria’s export partners are its import partners, except for Japan and the U.S.A. This is generally what Syria's economy looks like.

 

Defense (Abdullah Al-Mdaires)

The Syrian military is not that great it is not civilized but it is not weak, the Syrian military has very strong men but old ineffective equipment . The Syrian military consists of 210,941 men in the Syrian Arab Army, Syrian Arab Navy, Syrian Arab Air Force (including the Air Defense Forces), the Police, and the Security Force. The Syrian Arab Army is large, because of the threats that Israel and other countries carry with them. The Syrian Arab Army has soldiers from 15 to 49 years of age. Syria's military expenditures are 858 million dollars, which is 5.9% of Syria's GDP. Syria takes many precautions, because many of its enemies may attack it anytime and their major enemy is Israel, which attacked Syria many times. The most recent Israeli attack occurred in October 2003.

 

Views on World Problems (Abdullah al-Mdaires)

Syria has a large influence in some parts of the Arab world. Syria is always concerned about problems in the Middle East and it always tried to fight terrorist attacks in the south. Syria was always a party in all Middle East negotiations, and has always tried to make the best for some Arab countries. However, Syria has not always succeeded because every United Nations resolution or initiative Syria sponsors is vetoed, or otherwise blocked, by western countries, notably the United States of America. US. representatives in the UN either condemn Syrian initiatives or instigate a dispute with Syria. Syria does not fight the United States because some members of the Arab League, in which Syria is an important member, have good relations with USA.

During the war between Iran and Iraq in the 1980s Syria sided with Iran, and had bad relations with Arab states, like Kuwait, that supported Iraq. However, after the war ended Syria quickly improved relations with its Arab neighbors and fought against Iraq during the Gulf War of 1991. But Syria and Iraq became close allies during the 1990s. Today, Syria is a crucial country in all diplomatic arrangements between Arab states.

Because Israel seized some Syrian territory in 1967 and continues to occupy it, Syria regularly intervenes in some fashion every time an Arab state becomes involved with the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Which in Syria’s point of view is a big problem Syria always tried to be in peace making plans, but the plans that it did failed a huge failure, because they were denied by the Israeli side . Since 1979, the United States has considered Syria to be a ''terrorist'' state.

Besides proclaiming itself an ally of all Arab countries, Syria has friendly relations with many non-Arab countries, such as Iran and Russia. Syria is an important member, or supporter, of the following international organizations: the Arab League, Arab Monetary Fund, Council of Arab Economic Unity, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, International Chamber of Commerce, Islamic Development Bank, International Monetary Fund, INTERPOL, Non-Aligned Movement, Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries, Organization of the Islamic Conference, and the United Nations Security Council (temporary). Syria’s major enemy is the United States.

 

History (Ahmed Al-Qamlas)

Syria has a long history starting from the Semptic Empire (2400 to 2500 BC.). Including this Christian that settled a while in Damascus, and the Umayyad Empire, that was ruled by the Muslims in 636 AD, the Umayyed Empire extended from Spain to India AD 661 to 750 (all the country in between where under the rule of the empire). At that time Damascus reached its peak in power and prestige. One of the most serious attacks on Syria happened in 1260 when Syria was the capital province for the Mameluk Empire; it was attacked by the Tamerlane and was severely hurt, many buildings where destroyed. But it was built again and reconstructed by the Samarkand in 1516. In 1517 Syria fell under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, and remained so for 400 years except a brief occupation by the Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt from 1832 to 1840.

In 1920 the Independent Arab Kingdom of Syria was established, but the country soon became a French mandate. In 1940 the Vichy state took control of Syria, until the British and the French occupied it in July 1941. The French evacuated Syria in 1946. Which caused a series of economic developments followed the declaration of independence, because a new country was rising. There were a series of military coups between 1949 and 1954. In 1954 a union was formed between Syria and Egypt, the United Arab Republic (UAR). The two countries generated support during the Suez Crisis of 1956. However, the UAR collapsed as the result of major disagreements between Egypt and Syria, and the Syrian Arab Republic was established in 1961. The Ba'ath Party, which had been active in Syria since the 1940’s, seized control of Syria in 1963.

In May 1964 President Amin Hafiz came into power, and a group of army officers imprisoned him two years later. In 1970 because of the retreat of the Syrian forces aid were sent to the PLO during the "Black September" . the black September was an massacre done by the Jordanian president before 30 years when he killed thousand of Palestinians On November 13, 1970 the minister of defense Hafiz Al-Assad a military sergeant organized a bloodless military coop and assumed the role of prime minister. After Hafiz Al-Assad moved quickly to perform an organizational infrastructure. This caused the Ba’ath Party to gain more and more power, because the Hafiz Al-Assad is a major Ba’ath Party supporter. In 1972 to broaden the base of his government, Hafiz Al- Assad formed the National Progressive Front. In March 1973 a new Syrian constitution went into effect, followed by parliamentary elections. A series of challenges later faced Syria, including the attacks until 1982 the government crushed the Fundamentalist Opposition Center in City Hama which lead to the death and injury of thousands of people, because many explosions accrued after that incident in Hama City.

In the 1990’s Syria got more involved with the western world when it got into face-to-face negotiations with Israel. It also rewinds some of its relations with the US and the Arab countries when it stood with Iraq in the 1990, since many of the Arab country where allies for Kuwait, Hafiz Al Assad died on June 10, 2002 and his son is now the recent president of Syria, after he was elected with the approval of 97% of the people.

 

 

 

Policy statements



The Disarmament committee


1. The containment of the risk of nuclear proliferation in North Korea.

Nuclear weapons are very dangerous and should be forbidden to some countries. Nuclear weapons are considered as weapons of mass destruction (WMD), which means that they are capable of inflicting destruction on a massive scale. If used, nuclear weapons will kill many innocent people and destroy entire societies. An example of this was the destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, which killed 70,000 to 80,000 people and hurt 40,000 more. For these reasons, nuclear weapons should never be given to countries that will misuse them, like Iraq. Syria strongly condemns the use of WMD.

However, Syria nevertheless thinks that countries can have WMD as long as they don’t threaten to use them because if they were used, they would kill thousand of innocent people. Syria thinks that if a country that misused WMD at the past shouldn’t use it again. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is a case in point. While Syria thinks that it would be inexcusable for North Korea to have WMD with the intention of using them first, it is perfectly acceptable for North Korea to have nuclear power reactors dedicated to the peaceful use of nuclear energy—which North Korea freely and openly admits to having, anyway. This is especially true as North Korea is a small and poor country without access to abundant resources. It should be added that North Korea has also had to defend itself in many conflicts with the United States and other countries since the Second World War. In light of these facts, Syria urges the UN to demand that the United States disarm first, not North Korea, as the United States and its allies hold a global monopoly on WMD.

 

2. The trade-off between the trend of increasing military expenditure and development, and the resultant effect on international peace.

Every country needs some degree of national defense—and national defense is expensive. Not all arms are found in a country but are found sometimes in a country’s ally or neighbor. If each country has to buy some military arms this would cause chaos, and this chaos will result in catastrophic armed conflicts.

While Syria champions world peace, as all countries know, it also believes that the right to trade defensive weapons is guaranteed by the principle of national sovereignty. This is why Syria believes that the international commerce in chemical and biological weapons is inherently destabilizing because they are purely offensive weapons. Syria believes that countries should develop and trade only conventional defensive weapons, such as automatic guns, light bombs, handguns, and machine guns. This type of trade is necessary for national self-defense, but using other weapons would cause chaos.

 

3. The maintenance of international security: good neighbors, stability and development in West Africa.

From the end if the 1800s until today peace has never truly existed in Africa. First, African countries underwent European colonization, and then, in the wake of that after the Second World War, civil warfare. The situation particularly in West Africa today is chaotic, and this extends to the health care crisis there. This situation should be conclusively addressed in the UN Security Council. Syria thinks that the SC has many ways to stop this solution like giving that west African countries incentives to disarm, and many other ways.

Syria is a county that loves peace and equality, because Syria believes in democracy Syria thinks that this is keeping the world away of peace this is Syria’s main concern in this issue. Syria has taken a stand on this matter and it thinks that all parts of West Africa should be equalized and given by all West Africa equally, as we see now a country takes another country’s land daily which doesn’t keep in west Africa. Syria supports any peaceful thing done for this part of the world. Syria just applauds all neighbors of West Africa who tried to make peace in West Africa. Syria urges the UN to stop this terrorism in West Africa in a peaceful non violence way, because is all what the world wants.

 

 

Special Political/Decolonization Committee Two (Abdullah Al-Ibrahim)


1. The role of UNRWA (United Nations Relief Work Agency for Palestine) and other relief Agencies in the possible creation of a Palestinian state, and their role in current host refugees countries should the right to return of to be established.

The Syrian Arab Republic salutes the UNRWA and other relief organizations for their essential work in providing displaced Palestinians with labor and other necessary safeguards so that they may lead fuller lives as refugees. The UNRWA is a subsidiary agency created by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly in 1949 to provide relief, health, and education services for Palestinians who lost both their homes and means of livelihood during the Arab-Israeli wars following the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948. There are lots of Palestinian refugees who have been forced to leave their country. In fact, there is more than 80% of Palestine citizens has been forced out by Israel since 1948. In addition, besides building so-called "settlements" all over the West Bank, Israel intends to conquer other Arab lands. For instance, there are no indications that Israel intends to ever hand over the Golan Heights to Syria. Also, the Sinai desert form Egypt has been taken by the Israelis, but luckily, has been taken back by Egypt. Also, there are lots of other Arab lands such as Lebanese areas and from other Arab nations. Over fifty years ago the people of Palestine were evicted from their own country by colonial forces, and over 4.5 million of their children live as refugees in foreign lands.

It is Syria's strongly-held opinion that there is a legitimate role in the peace process for the UNWRA and other relief agencies. The UNWRA and other relief agencies should further use their good offices to resolve why Palestinian refugees are not allowed to return to their homes within Israel, and to the reconstruction of a truly independent Palestinian state. First, the UNRWA and allied agencies must work for a fully sovereign and secure Palestine to exist alongside an equally independent Israel. It is Syria's belief that the land encompassing Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip must be divided equally and fairly on a "50-50" basis. Second, the UNRWA and allied agencies must call upon Israel to give Palestinian refugees the right to return to their ancestral homes and get paid compensation for their suffering.

 

2. The conflict between national sovereignty and the right of the international community to intervene in the domestic affairs of other countries.

Terrorists are violent people who undertake actions that are inherently disruptive of social order and world peace. All what powerful nations think that terrorism is coming from within the civilians of the country itself. What those countries think absolutely wrong. May Syria remind those countries that there are terrorists groups that take the responsibility of those attacks and other operations. There may be terrorists groups within those powerful countries. If a country has terrorists groups, this doesn't mean that this country must be under sanctions, as some nations think. If this way has been taken, then the whole world will be a complete chaos. This will make a gap through the national sovereignty. Although terrorists should be eliminated, but not by violating national sovereignty. There must be other ways to solve the problem. None of the countries

It is the position of the Syrian Arab Republic that the international community can solve the serious problem of terrorism without violating national sovereignty. Syria suggests in creating a committee to follow guidelines to be able to apply the consequences to this particular country. Guide lines such as the following: 1) Latest terrorists attacks 2) Base of terrorists network. This should be searched very well, so that the country truly deserves the consequences. Any way, the country doesn't have any right to take over the country or to put sanctions on any "Terrorists claimed" country. Syria stands against any countries that do bother any country that is independent for any type of reasons. Syria believes that every country has its own national sovereignty and should not be violated in any form.

 

 

Legal Committee Commission Three (Ahmed Al-Qamlas)


1. Measures to legally combat international terrorism and the growth of supra-national terrorist groups.

Terrorism is the unlawful use of force or violence, or the threat to use them, by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or governments, often for ideological or political reasons. Many recent incidents around the world have conformed to this definition of "terrorism," such as the Twin Towers attack in New York City, the bombing in Bali, Indonesia, and recent fighting in Iraq.

Syria has often been accused of supporting terrorism and is mainly supporting this issue, because this might prove to the world that Syria is an anti-terrorism country. Syria suggests the planning of a program against terrorism to help this issue. Syria urges countries to produce specific, and genuine evidence that Syria sponsors so-called "terrorist" groups.

 

2. International regulations dealing with the use and misuse of genetic engineering and screening.

Genetic engineering is the scientific alteration of the structure of genetic material in a living organism. It involves the production and use of recombinant DNA and has been employed to create bacteria that synthesize insulin and other human proteins. Genetic screening is the process of analyzing DNA samples to detect the presence of a gene or genes associated with an inherited disorder. Many countries around the world are using this modern technology, it is also known that many countries around the world lack this technology and lack the use of this technology.

While Syria is one of the countries that lacks this technology, it seeks to obtain this technology and use it in a responsible and productive manner. Syria supports all positive uses of this technology but opposes its misuse. Syria also supports this issue and the whole world should use this technology as an important technology to help each other and they must also know the dangerous effects of this technology when it is misused .

 

3. Defining and modifying the right of prisoners of war and the scope of extradition law.

Extradition treaties give one government the right to recover its citizens who have violated its laws from another country; extradition agreements therefore also require governments to surrender other countries' citizens to their governments. This means a criminal can be captured in another country if he fled his country and he should be placed under the protection of his government. Many countries enforce extradition treaties with other nations; Syria supports the enforcement of extradition treaties. There are a number of Syrian prisoners in Israeli jails, and to insure their safety Syria is supporting this issue. Syria wishes to have the extradition law agreement with more and more countries because it might help make better relations with these countries. Syria thinks positively that these prisoners of war are treated well according to many international agreements Israel makes with the UN

 

 

 

Syria: Resolutions





Issue : The containment of the risk of nuclear proliferation in North Korea.

Submitted by: Syrian Arab Republic (Abdullah Al-Mdaires)

Committee: Disarmament

Defining nuclear weapons as "explosive devices designed to release nuclear energy on a large scale," used primarily as means of making war,

Emphasizing that nuclear weapons contain deadly substances which cause serious damages to those exposed to it, as shown when from 70,000 to 80,000 people died, and 40,000 others were injured, as a result of the bombings of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945,

Realizing that nuclear weapons therefore constitute a great threat to global security and there are many Nuclear weapons there are between 5,000-10,000 nuclear weapons in many parts of the world,

Noting that countries that possess nuclear weapons are threats to global peace and security,

Affirming that many countries have facilities that generate nuclear power with the sole intention of producing a dependable source of energy, not components for nuclear weapons,

Reaffirming that the use of nuclear weapons, or the threat to use nuclear weapons, by a state against another state, or other states, violates the principle of national sovereignty,

Noting with regret that US. foreign policy is extending very much in various ways which made the government of the United States of America claim and gives itself the right to unilaterally enter any country without the permission of the UN Security Council, as witnessed by recent events in Iraq,

1. Requests a IAEA sub-organization be formed, called the United Nations Problem Resolution Organization (UNPRO), with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, and which will:
A. Attempt to disarm countries by the help of experienced IAEA negotiators ,
B. Replace all ad hoc commissions, and a standing UN arms control inspection agency whose officials will locate WMDs anywhere in the world and will report its findings to Security Council,
C. Stop all countries from intervening in other countries' affairs by:
I. issuing each country in question a warning,
II. stopping the countries in question in various ways, such as with sanctions imposed by the UN Security Council,
III. submitting the countries in question to the authority of the ICJ, by the help of IAEA member countries in subjecting these countries,

2. Declares accordingly that UNPRO will create such incentives for countries in question to disarm by:
A. Providing them with funds, if needed, to implement the required disarmament action,
B. Ending UN-imposed sanctions that may already be in force against them,
C. Ending UN-imposed embargoes that may already be in force against them;
D. Providing nations with different world technologies in all ways like science and nuclear development,
E. Encouraging other UN specialized agencies to give countries incentives to disarm, like resuming food aid,
F. Trying to find and to stop the nuclear effects by making researches and more investigations in the effect of the Hiroshima bombing,
G. Concentrating on the major world issue which could kill more people and end many continents;

3. Calls for UNPRO, once established, to immediately focus it attention on the arms Control crisis involving the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), neighboring states in Northeast Asia, and the United States by:
A. Recommending the reinstatement of all food aid programs for North Korea that had been temporarily halted,
B. Recommending the abolition of all UN-imposed economic sanctions against North Korea,
C. Recommending that UNPRO weapons inspectors be sent to North Korea,
D. Requiring the United States to withdraw all of its military personnel from the Korean peninsula;

4. Recommends that, if the United States fails to do this, all member nations of the United Nations should organize, and enforce, the following actions:
A. Economic sanctions against the United States,
B. An embargo on trade with the United States;

5. Further resolves that UNPRO and IAEA inspectors sent to North Korea will:
A. Not be US. citizens,
B. Ensure that North Korean nuclear facilities do not produce weapons-grade nuclear material,
C. Ensure that North Korea has not violated UN-sponsored arms control agreements it is a signatory to,
D. Submit a yearly report, approved by North Korean officials, to all UN member states;

6. Calls for a UN-sponsored treaty, whose signatories will include Japan, the People's Republic of China, the Republic of Korea (South Korea), the Russian Federation, and the United States, to have the following conditions:
A. North Korean invasion of South Korea will result in sanctions, administered by the Security Council against North Korea,
B. The consequences of a US. violation of North Korean national sovereignty will end in economic sanctions decided by the SC.

 

 

Issue: The role of the UNRWA (United Nations Relief Work Agency for Palestine) and other relief agencies in the possible creation of a Palestinian state, and their role in current host refugee countries should the right to return not be established.

SUBMITTED TO: Special Political and Decolonization Commission

SUBMITTED BY: Syrian Arab Republic (Abdullah Al-Ibrahim)

Defining a refugee as "one who flees in search of refuge, as in times of war, political oppression, or religious persecution,"

Fully believing that Israel seized Palestinian lands in 1948 and in 1967 and caused their inhabitants to flee to foreign countries in the Middle East and elsewhere for safety,

Noting with regret the information collected by UNWRA which indicates that there are 3.8 million Palestinian refugees alive today,

Have studied the information complied by the Right of Return Organization, which confirms that Palestinian refugees now live in the following areas: 50% in Jordan, 25% in Gaza and the West Bank, 15% in Syria and Lebanon, and 10% outside of the Middle East,

Keeping in mind that those Palestinian refugees scattered outside of the Middle East also suffer from the loss of their rights,

Affirming that UN Resolution 194 grants all refugees the right to return to their homes and receive property as compensation for their losses and damages, and to receive resettlement assistance in so-called "host," or "third," countries,

1. Recommends that the Headquarters of UNRWA be moved from Geneva to Damascus, Syria, since it is closer to the area of work.

2. Further recommends that UNRWA will open several branch offices in the countries that shelter refugees, each one with a number of employees to be determined by UNRWA,

3. Resolves that UNRWA be reformed so as to operate more efficiently in providing services to refugees in camps by:
A. Distributing new living equipment to them that is not worn out or flammable,
B. Improving education programs with the help of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) by:
I. Getting new text books with its contents approved by UNESCO
II. Training teachers to teach by UNESCO teaching experts
III. Providing school area in a specific tent where students will be taught
IV. Getting all necessary school supplies, which is supplied by UNESCO,
C. Improving, with the help of the World Health Organization (WHO), health care and medical assistance by:
I. Training graduated students to be doctors or assistance doctor by the WHO medical experts,
II. Exchanging old medical supplies for new supplies, provided by WHO,
III. Paying wages to doctors and workers in keeping with international standards established by the International Labor Office (ILO);

4. Proposes a meeting to be held at the United Nations headquarters in New York City between the head of UNRWA, the Israeli prime minister, and a representative of the Palestine Authority, about the subjects of:
A. Welcoming back Palestinian refugees to the Palestinian lands and provide a secure place there for them,
B. Withdrawing Israeli troops from certain areas of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip that will be determined,
C. Negotiations with Israel about the withdrawal of Israeli troops and settlers from these areas to create homes for refugees,
D. Reaching a more peaceful solution between the two sides,
E. Dividing the Israeli-Palestinian lands more equally;

5. Encourages the governments of the State of Israel and the Palestine Authority to sign a treaty based on these issue, and which will include the stipulation that if either party violates the treaty, that party will face consequences to be determined by the United Nations. The UNRWA will ask the United Nations to determine the consequences, and to help work on these consequences if any of the countries violated it;

6. Calls upon the UN, after the conference and whatever may be its results, to deploy peacekeeping troops, give development assistance, and undertake other measures to increase the security and self-sufficiency of the refugees camps;

7. Urges all members of the Special Political and Decolonization Commission to vote for this resolution.

 

 

Delegation: The Republic of Syria

Committee: Legal committee

Issue: Measures to legally combat international terrorism and the growth of supra-national terrorist groups.

Defining terrorism as "the unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or governments as a result of differences or disagreements,"

Defining Terrorism Groups as groups of people gathered to perform these terrorism acts,

Taking in note that thousands of people die each year because of the acts of terrorism that occur in many regions of the world.

Noting with regret that since the beginning of the millennium there has been more than 25 major terrorism acts in the world.

Noting that the acts of terrorism has lead to the cause of major wars and major conflicts and problems between countries especially the countries in Middle East and the Western Countries

Deeply concerned that the acts of terrorism in the world are increasing but not decreasing,

Proclaiming the need to find a solution to this issue because many problems and conflict have risen due to this issue.

1-Resolves the formation of a conventional treaty that:-
A) Allows the UN to enter any country and capture any terrorist groups found in this country,
B) Any terrorist groups captured shall be held in a court of law,
C) The countries that collaborate with this treaty shall be thanked greatly by a generous amount of many that will be counted with the funds,
D) Their shall be one main head quarter in New York and a branch found in each continent as a begging until the needs of each continent would be known,
E) Each building shall contain:
1. Investigators,
2. Special swat teams to help capture these terrorist groups,
3. Agent from news agencies to help gather information about the where abuts of the terrorist groups,
F) Their shall be a meeting for the countries that signed on this treaty each year the will be held in New York;

2- Emphasizes that the head quarter including the branches located in each countries will:
A) Write reports about the terrorism stability of each continent,
B) Accept reports written by countries whom signed the conventional treaty,
C) These reports can be complaints or topic wished to be brought up in the meetings,
D) These reports shall be presented in the yearly meetings so they can be discussed and resolved or brought into consideration,

3-Draws the attention that the meting that shall be held shall :
A) Discuss any problem facing the branches that are found in each continent,
B) Vote on the approval of any new staff members for the branches,
C) Discuss any new terrorist groups that have appeared between each meeting,
D) If any emergency occurs there shall be an immediate meeting that discuss this emergency and ways to solve it,
E. View an report written by members of the branches or by countries;

4-Reminds that online the countries that signed on the conventional treaty shall be entered by the Swat teams and shall be saved from dangerous terrorist groups located in the area;

5-Further reminds that with the approval of this resolution you can help the world get rid of many terrorist groups threatening your countries and cities and most importantly your people.

 

 

 

Syria: Opening Speech (All Committees)




Syria is a free and independent country that supports peace and equality, and stands with its Arab brothers at all times. Even though it is now unjustly under attack by hostile forces supported by the United States, Syria wants equality and peace in the world. Moreover, President Bush unjustly accuses Syria of being a nation that harbors terrorists. But in fact, President Bush himself is responsible for terrorist acts. If killing Iraqi civilians is not terrorism, if placing economic sanctions on poor countries is not terrorism, if subverting the independence of Palestine is not terrorism, and if making weapons of mass destruction is not terrorism, then what is terrorism? Syria knows that the world community is asking this same question and will join Syria in its call for world peace.

 

 

 

Syria: Statements of Delegates



Abdullah Al-Mdaires (ambassador)

In this conference in Amman I represented Syria and I was the ambassador of Syria. I hoped that I represented Syria in a good way and explained its different point of views. In addition I became a main submitter of a resolution and that was debated unfortunately it failed because I was not there to talk for it one of my co-submitters which liked to make fun talked for it. In this conference I accomplished everything a person could accomplish. My strategy at the conference was based on getting signatures even if the cost was lying many delegations dropped from signing my resolution cause the delegate of Canada who just because she’s not got a good friend of mine made a bad propaganda against my resolution and she even didn’t share the same issue.

 

Abdullah Al-Ibrahim

It was a very exciting experience In Amman I really enjoyed my time over there. It was fun I learned lots of things especially in the event. First I was very confident when I gave my speech. Then I learned how to insult and defend a resolution in much better ways. That was a very nice experience.

 

Ahmed AL-Qamlas

In the Amman Conference I had learned a lot of important points related to MUN. I had learned to act as an professional delegate. I had made some Jordanian friends. I learned how to merge, and how could I identify good from bad delegates; it was very different from Kuwait. There were many different rules in Amman from those in Kuwait. The school that lobbied and merged were some of the most amazing schools I personally had ever seen.