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Bayan attended the second annual AMMAN, the Amman Model United Nations in Jordan hosted by the Amman Bacheloriate School. The event includes two General Assemblies, school-organized trips, and social occasions.Pictures courtesy of Nasser Al-Aujan New Articles by May Al-Zuiter
This represented something of a high water mark for BBS. Nearly half of the resolutions sucessfully lobbied and merged came from BBS. In particular, two countries stood out. France and Japan lobbied and merged all of their resolutions. Of this group, France managed to sucessfully pass a whopping three resolutions, and a fourth which passed really belong to a BBS student in content if not in name. Similarly, Besma Behbehani was "really submitter" of his resolutions.
The following is a list of main submitters and co-submitters (Click here to read all of the resolutions.)
Canada: Mays Al-Sa'ad: Disarmament and Military Expenditure, PASSED GA ONE Khaled Shahroor: National Sovereignty and UN Charter
Cuba: Ahmad Al-Shammari: Disarmament and Military Expenditure Basma Behbehani: Division of Iraq Amna Al-Sager: Prisoners of War and Extradition,
France: Khaled Al-Rubei: Stability and Development in West Africa, PASSED GA ONE Mishal Al-Rashoud: Divsion of Iraq, PASSED GA TWO Nasser Al-Aujan: Combatting International Terrorism, PASSED GA THREE Altaf Al-Dukair: African Sustainable Development, Sort of PASSED ECOSOC
Japan: Hamad Al-Sager: Nuclear North Korea, PASSED GA ONE Saud Al-Subaie: National Sovereignty Dheidan Al-Shammari: Genetic Engineering and Screeing Moh'd Ben Essa: African Sustainable Development, FAILED ECOSOC
Switzerland: Laila Barghouti: Genetic Engineering and Screening
Syria: Abdullah Al-Mdaires: Nuclear North Korea, PASSED GA ONE
Turkmenistan: Bader Al-Mailem: Division of Iraq, PASSED GA THREE
Uganda: Muneera Al-Nibari: Combatting Terrorism, PASSED GA THREE
Meanwhile, several other students distinguished themselves with fine speaking performances. Saud Al-Subaie (Japan) and Khaled Shahroor (Canada) dominated their assembly while Dheidan Al-Shammari and Ahmad Al-Shammari (Cuba and Japan put in some superb performances) came forth with their usually talkative performances. Amna Al-Sager (Cuba) also managed to worry "the weed."
The Amman Baccalaureate School (ABS) is proud to host the second annual Amman Model United Nations Conference (AMMUN), scheduled to take place between the 4th and 8th of December, 2003, and held under the patronage of Her Royal Highness Princess Sarvath El- Hassan.
The conference has expanded its horizons on various levels, as we have planned to add a Third General Assembly Committee, an Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). We will also be conducting several MUN workshops and hope to produce a daily MUN news sheet.
With these new additions, we strive to structure our conference to resemble the actual United Nations. Normally, these changes will result in an increase in conference size, so we have decided upon a range of 250 to 300 delegates from various schools in Asia, Africa, and Europe.
Apart from the heated debates that we look forward to in the conference, we have arranged several excursions for students that will give them opportunities to meet and interact with each other, such as a full day expedition to Petra - a beautiful city of Nabatean ruins carved out of mountains - and a party at the Dead Sea, the lowest point on earth.
This five-day conference will incur a cost of about $350 for every student and supervisor, including a stay at a five-star hotel, transportation to and from all scheduled events, and the actual costs of the conference. This fee does not include the airfare. However, AMMUN has been able to attain discount rates with the Royal Jordanian Airlines (RJ).
The ABS is aware of international interest in all aspects of MUN, so it has been decided that international students can apply for chair and press positions. Upon reply, please specify the number of students interested in such positions so that we can send application forms.
Please reply via phone, fax, or e-mail confirming your school’s interest. Please include the approximate number of students you hope to bring, as well as the number of chair and press applications requested.
Thank you for your time. We appreciate your support, and are more than willing to answer any questions! We look forward to welcoming you to AMMUN!Sincerely, Anas Sarhan
General Assembly Committee One - Disarmament and International Security: (Click here to read the officer's pre-briefing material)
1. The containment of the risk of nuclear proliferation in North Korea.
Recently, North Korea has shown defiance to the UN by openly proclaiming its possession of nuclear weapons and nuclear development programs. The UN and other nations have shown their concern to disarm such countries of these weapons of mass destruction, but the situation becomes sensitive since some nuclear weapons can be claimed to be nuclear energy sources. The committee will seek to find a peaceful resolution to contain the risk of North Korea’s nuclear developments, bearing in mind the sensitivity of the situation and the Non-Proliferation Treaty.
2. The trade-off between the trend of increasing military expenditure and development, and the resultant effect on international peace.
The committee will examine the possibility of organizing a global effort to reduce the increasing spending on military purposes, whereby part of these military investment budgets can be reallocated to other efforts in hopes of increasing member countries’ rate of growth. Another issue of concern is the effect of this increased spending on military expenditures on international and national peace and security.
3. Maintenance of international security: good neighborliness, stability and development in West Africa
This topic will address the current armed conflict in West Africa, along with the spread of disease, which further exacerbates the situation. Hopefully, a peaceful resolution will be instituted so as to strengthen relationships between these countries.General Assembly Committee Two - Special Political and Decolonization:
1. The role of UNRWA (United Nations Relief Work Agency for Palestine) and other relief agencies in the possible creation of a Palestinian state, and their role in current host refugee countries should the right to return not be established.
In discussing this topic, the committee will define a course of action to be taken by relief organizations to expedite the possible settlement in the Israeli-Palestinian topic. Also, the committee will address the situation of Palestinian refugees in neighboring Arab countries should the Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement not entail a "right to return" for these refugees. (Delegates are reminded that this debate will not be a discussion about the terms of peace between Israel and the Palestinian people)
2. The conflict between national sovereignty and the right of the international community to intervene in the domestic affairs of other countries.
With the growth of terrorism and counteraction taken to eliminate it, this controversial issue has been raised time and again, and will be addressed in this committee. The committee will concern itself with establishing a set of guidelines to identify the conditions under which it is necessary for other countries and/or the international community to intervene in another sovereign country’s national affairs.
3. The division of Iraq and the possible establishment of political autonomy along religious and national lines.
In examining post-war Iraq, it seems to be essential to discuss minotiry groups in Iraq hoping for political sovereignty, including the Kurds. This committee will appraise each minority’s geographical, religious, social and political situation and will decide on a course of action pertinent to each minority group.General Assembly Committee Three - Legal:
1. Measures to legally combat international terrorism and the growth of supra-national terrorist groups.
The international community continues to be threatened by terrorist groups wrecking havoc and causing destruction around the world. Unfortunately, no consensus has yet been reached regarding what defines a "terrorist" or a "terrorist group", and hence, the work of the international community in combating terrorism is becoming increasingly more difficult. The committee aims to devise methods to legally combat terrorism, but must first reach consensus regarding the controversy of the word.
2. International regulations dealing with the use and misuse of genetic engineering and screening.
For some time, especially after the "Clonaid" organization claimed its cloning of a human being in early 2003, the world has been in controversy regarding the morality and legality of cloning - therapeutic or otherwise. Furthermore, the increasing use of genetic screening, whereby people are given DNA tests to determine certain unfavorable traits they might posses, is adding to the controversy of the use of genetic engineering as it increases discrimination among people. The committee will address the legality of genetic engineering in light of this information.
3. Defining and modifying the rights of prisoners of war and the scope of extradition law.
Delegates in this committee will assess the scope of extradition law and laws dealing with the treatment of prisoners of war (POWs), wounded army members, and other international political prisoners in light of the Geneva ConventionEconomic and Social Council (ECOSOC):
1. The role of the UN, WHO, and other NGOs in clearly defining and implementing global strategies regarding the use of tobacco, bearing in mind any economic impacts of decisions taken.
The WHO has expressed its deep concern over the increasing trend regarding the use of tobacco in recent years. The question aims at adopting strategies to curb the use of tobacco, while simultaneously bearing in mind that the production and taxation of tobacco can help keep entire economies from collapse. Will there be a compromise between health and economic welfare?
2. The role of the United Nations system in supporting the efforts of African countries to achieve sustainable development.
The United Nations Division for Sustainable Development defines sustainable development as the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Obviously, the dire situation in Africa - ranging from poverty, disease, and famine - entails that it is indeed difficult to sustain this African generation. The council will devise methods to deal with the constant depletion of resources in Africa and ways to help meet the present and future needs of African countries.
3. Strengthening the coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance of the United Nations.
Our world today is in an increasingly precarious position, as floods, earthquakes, and other natural disasters coupled with wars and diseases threaten the very existence of entire civilizations. The repercussions of the outbreak of these scourges are indeed worrying: death, collapse of social structures, and economic destruction to name a few. As it is difficult to track the outbreak of these afflictions beforehand, the council must address methods to strengthen the emergency assistance of the UN to countries affected by this wide spectrum of adversity.
By May Zuaiter, group reporter
Eid break, to most Kuwaiti students, meant time spent in personal relaxation and recreation. But not for the dedicated Model United Nations group at Al Bayan Bilingual School, which spent that long weekend poring over research, reviewing country positions, and finalizing speeches in preparation for BBS's second appearance at AMMUN, the Amman Model United Nations group.
In Model United Nations, students portray real ambassadors trying to come up with diplomatic solutions to world problems. Commented MUN Director, Dr. Daniel R. Fruit:
"It's not so easy as it might sound. An ambassador not only must write a resolution, his resolution must reflect an understanding of a country and so must his speeches. He doesn't want to "pretend" to be France. He wants to BE France."
Indeed, Dr. Daniel mentioned France for a good reason. BBS's group of nine countries includes this volatile, American-baiting Security Council member, along with Communist Cuba, Malaysia, Japan, Syria, Uganda, Turkmenistan, Guinea, and Switzerland. MUN groups ever to depart from Kuwait Airport. Amongst the group are Hamad Al-Essa, who will serve as vice-president of the General Assembly's First Commission, and new students such as Nouriya Al-Sager, a ninth grader. The reporter interviewed both students.
Interviewer: How do you see your role as Chairman of a General Assembly Committee?
Hamad: I ‘see’ my role as chairman not different from any other. I hope to regulate the debate while intervening as little as possible, and allow all diverse opinions to be heard. .
Interviewer: How will you handle the challenge of having countries such as France and the United and outspoken Cuba all in the same room:
Hamad: That is not really a serious challenge. Friction between such nations is only natural. In the rare occasion that a nations exceeds its limits and goes beyond civil diplomatic conduct, it will face consequences. .
Interviewer: What differentiates a good resolution from a bad one?
Hamad: A good resolution is one that takes action and actually make a difference in the world, and does not just blow air.
Interveiwer: You are the only Kuwaiti chairing a committee in Jordan. What were some special qualities or acheivements of yours that may've led to your selection? Do you see yourself as a role model?
Hamad: I've served in several MUN Security Councils. Last year, I received an award as the representative of Germany.
Interviewer: Nouriya, this is your first trip with the MUN outside Kuwait. Are you excited?
Nouriya: Yes, I'm very excited. By travelling, not only do I get to act the part of a nation, but I also get to do this while visiting another nation.
Interviewer: Apparently you're also the ambassador of Malaysia. What were some challenges you faced in preparing your group?
Nouriya: Well, just as it's hard to get countries to work together, it's also hard to get students to work together. We have busy schedules and many things to do to prepare. As ambassador, I must also coordinate their work. It's a big job.
Interviewer: Former president of Malaysia, Muthanir, had some very harsh words to say recently about Israel. How will you respond if other countries attack Malaysia for his remarks:
Nouriya: His remarks are not exactly condoned even by my own nation. I think he was trying to criticize the Arab countries for not becoming as influential and rich as Israel, but at the same time criticize the US for letting Israel control its foreign policy. It'll be interesting to see how students respond to these remarks.
Interviewer: Looking back, what would you tell an 8th grader who wants to go to MUN?
Nouriya: Definitely, its challenging yes, but it's fun also.
The BBS MUN group will be accompanied by chaperones Mohammad Sartawi and Khitam al Khouli. Dr. Daniel R. Fruit and Dr. Anthony Newkirk serve as MUN directors.
Al-Bayan, as guests of the host school, visited historic Petra. To read more about this site, click (here to read about historic Petra.
In the marketplace of ideas, only the strongest ones "sell" and give students the needed twelve signatures."
Probably the dominant school, BBS also provided the dominant officer in Hamad Al-Essa, who ran probably the most professional and productive assembly.
By May Zuaiter, a current BBS student
From December 3rd-7th, Al-Bayan Bilingual School's Model United Nations Group attended the second annual AMMUN, Amman Model United Nations.
The group of thirty-four students dominated with half of the resolutions accepted for debate coming from BBS students, the best committee led by Chairman Hamed Al-Essa, and BBS students of nine countries successfully passing a whopping total of eight resolutions.
The superpower group of France, led by Khaled Al-Rubei, led the way, passing a total of 3 resolutions and provided working clauses of a fourth. Japan, ambassadored by Hamad Al-Sager registered the significant accomplishment of having every student as the main submitter of a resolution (plan) for his assembly. The resolutions of Nasser Al-Aujan (France) and Muneera Al-Nibari (Uganda) passed by overwhelming majorities.
Other BBS students made their mark as speakers. Khaled Shahroor and Saud Al-Subaie emerged as the dominant voices in their assemblies. In his assembly, Dheidan Al-Shammari, Japan, made a particularly strong presence. He gave numerous speeches and challenged other countries by asked tough questions. Cuba's ambassador, Amna al Sager, made her mark in a more provocative manner, calling the US a "weed in a bed of roses"; she later thanked "the weed" for a good speech regarding terrorism.
Most astonishing of all, freshman Mays Al-Sa’ad (Canada) and Abdullah Al-Mdaires (Syria) passed resolutions in their very first international events.
The event, however, included more than just learning about other cultures: BBS also experienced them. Amman Bacheloriate School guided the visitors to the astonishing ruins of Petra, the long civilization of Jordan and the scene for the Indiana Jones movies. Constructed to perfection by Nabateans, early Arab people, Petra was renowned for its intricate architecture and the aptness of its water channels, dams, and pools. The diverse delegates spent their time getting to know each other whilst learning a lesson, viewing an amazing artifact of history. Throughout the five-day trip, the delegates toured the city of Amman after spending long hours of working at the event.
Our BBS students did exceptionally well, and they were also the group showing the "most enthusiasm" quoted by the AMMUNition newsletter. Just as Jordan left an impression on BBS students, BBS students left Jordan a very strong one of their country.
1. Mays Al-Saad, Disarmament:
During the AMMUN conference 2003, I learned many lessons. In this event, I learned the most about MUN and debate. In KSAA, I only learned that MUN is "kill or be killed." However, in AMMUN I learned the opposite of that. I learned that if you are prepared and know what your doing, no one can prove you wrong. Also, you should be respectful to others, so that they respect you. Further more, I learned more about how to socialize with other people. I’m looking forward to the next MUN event.
2. Khalid Shahroor (ambassador): Political and Legal
In AMMUN 2003, I learned the importance of the correct representation of your country (Click here to read the ambassador's briefing book). Ever since I started taking MUN, all the countries I have interacted with have represented their countries according to their countries foreign policies. In AMMUN 2003, I witnessed people who didn’t undergo this essential, yet easy process. For example, North Korea, who is currently labeled as the ‘axis of evil’ by the US, voted WITH the US on nearly every single resolution although some clearly attacked its own country. The US also showed signs of weakness when the delegate voted AGAINST democracy. In KSAA, I was in ICJ, and witnessed no such thing, but Jordan bought to my attention the significance of not acting on how you believe, rather acting to what your country believes. I also learned about the importance of the admin. staff, since I received and sent more than 200 notes in one day.
Ahmad Al Shammari, Disarmament In the Disarmament committee, Cuba was one of the most revered and respected delegates. It was always with constant attacks and retorts to the US speeches. In one case, it destroyed a whole resolution, and made sure only the co submitters who wrote the resolution are the only one voting. In addition, Cuba did make "excellent speeches" going for the resolution. In the North Korean issue, Cuba made sure that the resolution submitted by Japan pass. It made sure that the 4 parties sign the treaty. It also made sure that the resolution is well explained and replied to the whole attacks fully.
Besma Behbehani, Decolonization
In the political/decol committee, Cuba was respected a lot. At the beginning Cuba faced some troubles with the resolution it became a main co-submitter to, when North Korea wasn’t listening to Cuba’s ideas and changes for the resolution. However, at the assembly, North Korea regretted all it have done to Cuba, whereas Cuba sent amendments that have corrected the entire resolution and made it pass. Cuba received 12 notes from different countries congratulating it on its work with the resolution and excellent speeches. Cuba also became a main-submitter, to a great resolution that had many signatures to. However, it didn’t pass, because the chair changes his mind about the resolution, due to them wanting to only discuss unifying Iraq not dividing it.
Amna Al-Sager, Ambassador and Legal In the Legal committee (GA 3), the Cuban delegate and ambassador (Click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) managed to get 18 signatures to pass her resolution as main submitter, but unfortunately the chair did not pick Cuba’s resolution to be debated in the GA. Nonetheless, the Cuban delegate in the legal committee made the conference a truly memorable one by causing some excitement in the GA as a result of continuously attacking the delegate of the United States of America and referring to the US and its military base in Guantanamo Bay as the "weed." During the opening speeches Cuba made a truly rich speech attacking the US that received an amazing reaction by all other delegates that were present. The delegate of Cuba livened the assembly by holding a Cuban cigar, which is a symbol of Cuba and received several warnings concerning the cigar. It was an especially tense event, and I really enjoyed representing Cuba.
Fahed Al-Rushaid, ECOSOC
The ECOSOC was a catastrophe for Cuba, the first day, which was Lobbying, and merging Cuba failed to become a main submitter due to the evil and unfair votes of the submitters of the resolution. Although Cuba played a leading role in gathering the submitters of the resolution and later selecting the proper clauses the Egyptian school students ganged up against it and did not vote for Cuba to become main submitter. Later the following sessions the chair, co-chair and the secretary general failed to keep control of the Ecosoc delegates. However Cuba was successful in doing two things. The first was to fail a resolution submitted by the U.K and the U.S.A that was terrible, and the delegation of Cuba convinced most delegates that the resolution was all wishes and did nothing. The second thing Cuba was successful in doing was to pass the resolution it was the main co-submitter of, and was able to convince all nations that the growth of tobacco shall no stop.
GA(1), Khaled Al-Rubei, Ambassador
In GA (1) and overall (Click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) France had a very productive event. The issues in GA 1 ranged from the threat of nuclear prolifiration in North Korea to the stability in West Africa. During lobbying and merging France lead the African nations and submitted its resolution backed by Geunia, Serria Leone, Nigria, and many other nations. In the North Korean issue France backed Japan on its effort in dismantling North Korea’s nuclear weapons. Duing the assmbley France spoke as co-submitter for Japan’s resolution which was the first resolution to be passsed. When debating France’s resolution France spoke and yeilded to Guenia, the assembly was convinced with the resolution that no one spoke against it and it passed nearly unanimously.
GA (2) Mishal Al-Rashoud,
In the AMMUN event I had a very productive time in the lobying and merging session. I came out as a main-submitter on an issue I did not right a resolution on, I achieved this with my very smart and adequate speaking skills. I also achieved being a main-co submitter. In the issue I passed my resolution which was on the UNRWA’s role in creating a Palestinian state, and Turkmeniistan and I passed a resolution I was a main-co on which was about establishing an Iraqi government. I was kind of disapointed with the quality of debate. Had it not been for Al-Bayan students the whole event would have been very inactive and tasteless.
GA (3) Naser Al-Aujuan, The AMMUN Event held in Amman, Jordan was one of the most successful events I ever participated in. France in the Third General Assembly merged successfully, for it was the main-submitter on the the terrorism issue, backed by most of the European nations, including Spain, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, Russia, Norway, and Italy. Although the chairs were alittle bias towards their schools, France’s resolution was chosen to be debated and passed with an overwhelming majority after a benifisal debate, which most delegates talked for including Isreal and Palestinian National Authority.
ECOSOC Altaf Al-Dukair, The AMMUN Event, which was held in Amman, Jodan, was truly a succesful one. The coubtry for France consisted of 4 deligates: Khaled Al- Rubie, the Ambassidor, Altaf Al-Dukair, the Vice Ambassidor, Nasser Al- Aujan who was in the the Third Assembly, Socual committee and last but not least, Mishal Rushoud where he was in the Second Assembly, Political/ Decol. In the ECOSOC Assembly, at first lobbying and merging was a total catastrophe, due to the chair being not only biast, but unexperienced. They sided for their schools while being predjudice towards the Al-Bayan students. After the nightmeare that was lobbying and merging, the next day the event was held in the Intercontinental Hotel itself. It was imprtersive and benifisial, but the deligates of ECOSOC sided and voted for wrong and unmeaningful resolutions. France was a main subitter for one resoltion and a main co-subbmitter for the next. I debated continusiosly for resoltions that would hopefully pass and some resolutions that would hopefully fail. France proved a very useful point about sustainable developement in Africa, where I single handedly changed many deligates’ minds about voting against these resolutions. It was my first time in the ECOSOC Assembly and hopefully it won’t be my last.
Ahmed Al-Jouan, Commission One:
In AMMUN I learned how to work with other people from other countries. In this conference I learned how to become a better speaker, defending Guinea’s point of view on world affairs. As an Ambassador (Click here to read the ambassador's briefing book), I learned how to lead and organize my fellow country delegates. The other delegates in my committee where great delegates because they assumed their responsibilities. I helped other delegates if they needed help. I cooperated with other people to pass resolutions, and reached compromises to pass successful resolutions. I was proud to represent my school at the AMMUN conference. It was a very good experience which I wish to repeat in the future.
Lamia Al-Loughani, Commission Two:
Ahmed was a great ambassador to me. He dedicated his time, explaining to me important procedure’s and basic information I should concentrate on. During the AMMUN conference I learned so much. I learned how to act as a professional delegate and a diplomat. I learned how to negotiate with others and be self independent. I also learned how to cooperate with people from different countries. It was an amazing experience and I had the time of my life.
Maha Sartawi, Commission Three:
I learned from the AMMUN conference that MUN is much more professional than what I saw in Kuwait. They take it more seriously, and it is more enjoyable. You feel that you are making a change, that you really are a delegate. Me, acting as a real representative of Guinea, I felt the power of it. In AMMUN resolutions are much more interesting than Kuwait. The number of people are less which us better because the chair will let more of us talk although Canada and Japan are the countries which spoke the most!
Japanese Ambassador: Hamad Al Sager, Disarmament
Truly, AMMUN was the most successful event I have ever endured in my MUN career and was equally meaningful to my group (Click here to read the ambassador's briefing book). I became a mainsubmitter to a resolution that has passed with anoverwhelming majority. I have met with new people, and have succeeded in strengthening the relationship with my current friends. In the Disarmament comission, with chairs such as Hamad Al Essa and Manaf Aboshaker, I truly felt like a true diplomat. A true delegate in the United Nations. I truly believe that if my passed resolution was presented in the true United Nation’s generalAssembly,I believe thatit would also pass. This is how excelent I believe my resolution is.Having a group such as a group that I already have is an honor. They have sent their work on time, did their work proffessionally, and had become main submitters to their resolution. Dhiedan, Saud, and Mohammed, Thankyou. Thankyou for being a group that did not trouble me, but made me proud. Thankyou Mohammed for being suchan excellent chaprone. And lastly, thankyou Dr.Dan for helping me succeed in what I succeeded.
Saud Al-Subaie, Legal As my first trip with the school I enjoyed this trip very much, everything about it was great and it could not have gone better, except about my resolution. At the event there were very little few skilled people so there was no competition for Canada (Khalid Shahroor) and myself to destroy or support any resolutions we felt that way about, basicly we dominated the field. One thing that I could applaude was the great ammount of orgnization that was presant at the event showed a that they put a large ammount of time and effort into preparing for this annual event. They made me, and I am preaty sure everyone els happy to be apart of the