Event: AAGIAC 2005
Student: Bader Al-Omairi
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The Romanian constitution provides for a President, a Parliament, a Constitutional Court, and a separate system of lower courts that includes a Supreme Court. The President is elected by popular vote for a maximum of two four-year terms. He is the Chief of State, Supreme Commander of the Army, and Chairman of the Supreme Defense Council.
Romania is Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine. The size of Romania 237,500 sq. km. the climate is temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms. The train is central Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Plain of Moldavia on the east by the Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps. Controls most easily traversable land route between the Balkans, Moldova, and Ukraine
The principal resources of Romania are agricultural, but the country also has significant mineral deposits, particularly petroleum, natural gas, salt, hard coal, lignite (brown coal), iron ore, copper, bauxite, chromium, manganese, lead, and zinc. Timber is also an important natural resource. About 43 percent of land in Romania is cultivated, and the soils in most parts of the country are fertile. In Banat, Walachia, and Moldavia, soils consist mainly of chernozem, or black earth, highly suited for growing grain. Soils in Transylvania are generally lower in nutrients.
Romanian culture is largely derived from the Roman, with strains of Slavic, Magyar (Hungarian), Greek, and Turkish influence. Poems, folktales, and folk music have always held a central place in Romanian culture. Romanian literature, art, and music attained maturity in the 19th century. Although Romania has been influenced by divergent Western trends, it also has a rich native culture.
Ethnic Romanians, who constitute about 89 percent of the population, are descendants of the inhabitants of Dacia, an ancient land roughly equivalent to modern Transylvania and Walachia. Dacia was conquered by the Romans and incorporated into the Roman Empire in the early 2nd century. The largest minority groups are Hungarians, who comprise about 8 percent of the population and are settled chiefly in Transylvania; Roma (or Gypsies), who constitute about 1.5 percent of the population; and Germans, who make about 0.5 percent of the population. Romania’s German population has declined since the 1980s as many Germans have immigrated to Germany. Romania also has communities of Ukrainians, Ruthenians, Russians, Serbs, Croats, Turks, Bulgarians, Tatars, and Slovaks.
In the mid-1990s the total strength of Romania’s armed forces was 203,100 members; of these, 161,000 were in the army, 23,100 were in the air force, and 19,000 were in the navy. Military service is compulsory for all men and lasts for a period of 12 months in the army and air force and 18 months in the navy. The Securitize (secret police force), loyal to Ceausescu, was disbanded in 1990 and replaced by the Romanian Intelligence Service
Before World War II, the Romanian economy was primarily agricultural. In 1948 the Communist government came to power and took control of nearly all aspects of the economy. Through a series of five-year plans, the Communists transformed Romania into an industrial nation. The economy grew considerably during the first part of the Communist period, but by the 1980s it had slid into decline, and shortages of consumer goods and degradation of the environment had become widespread. After the Communist government was overthrown in 1989, the Romanian economy virtually collapsed.
In the early 1990s the new non-Communist government began taking steps to reform the economy. These included devaluing the national currency, removing government subsidies on most consumer goods, and converting some state-owned companies to private ownership.
Views on World Problems:
Along the changes that occurred with the fall of communism in Romania its policy towards world countries has changed significantly. Today Romania’s relations with most countries are good and especially relations with other members of the European Union and the United States. Since the beginning of the 1990’s Romania’s relation with the USA has grown rapidly in 1993 it became on the USA’s list of the most favored nations. Romania plays a big role in securing peace in the world today as it continues to play an important task in the United Nations and it is a leading country in sending troops for countries in need for them. Romania served as the President of the United Nations Security Council and is today a member of the Security Council.
Romania stood with the Allied forces in 1991 during the Gulf War, and yet today Romania is an important part of the coalition forces in Iraq. Ever since, Romania’s policy has become pro-western and the US. has moved to deepen the relations. Romania is a member of the United Nations (UN), and in October 1993 it was admitted to the Council of Europe (CE). The Romanian government signed an association agreement with the EU in February 1993. In January 1994 Romania joined the Partnership for Peace program as a precursor to eventual membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
When World War I broke out in 1914, Romania declared a policy of armed neutrality. However, in August 1916, Romania joined the Allies in their fight against the Central Powers, chiefly Austria-Hungary and Germany. Romania hoped to gain several provinces of Austria-Hungary that had large Romanian populations. The Allies won the war in 1918, and as part of the peace settlement,
In May 1990 multiparty elections for the legislature and the presidency were held. Iliescu was elected president, and his party, the National Salvation Front (NSF), won control of the legislature. Peter Roman became Romania’s prime minister. The elections did not put a stop to the antigovernment demonstrations, which continued throughout the year, often in protest of economic conditions. Riots by miners led to the resignation of Roman’s government in September. In October former finance minister Theodore Stolojan succeeded Roman as prime minister and formed a new cabinet. An economic austerity program was introduced that month.
The war started from 30 years ago. Nearly 100,000 people died because of the civil war between May 1998-June 2000, one million people were exiled and displaced, and hundreds of millions of dollars were used for military weapons in 1974, the Soviet Union provided $11 billion in arms to Ethiopia. In 1997, Eritrea issued its own currency, and this disordered trade with Ethiopia. A border commission between the two countries established in November 1997, however, these two countries met only once and had made no progress before the conflict became bigger... Eritrea committed frequent and serious violations of international law in its treatment of Ethiopian civilians in Eritrea during and following the two-year armed conflict initiated by Eritrea against Ethiopia.
Romania believes both nations need the aid and the land. But if both get aid the profits of the governments will go to weapons which will their for make the war grow bigger, and make the reign more dangerous. Therefore Romania will only agree to an agreement in the SC if both nations get aid and land plus a compromise to solve this issue.
Fully Deploring the fact that, according to UNMEE Force Commander Rajender Singh, there have been Ethiopian movements towards the border of the Temporary Security Zone (TSZ),
Noting with Concern that, according to BBC, Ethiopian servicemen have been defecting to various countries including Djibouti and Belarus, in order to escape the harsh regime,
Alarmed by the fact that, according to BBC, Eritrea has forced UNMEE peacekeepers to evacuate 18 posts in the TSZ,
Confirming that, under the Algiers Agreement, the Boundary Committee should be respected and allowed to make all the decisions it deems necessary to preserving stability within the disputed conflict’s time frame,
Deeply Disturbed by, according to the UNMEE Force Commander Rajender Singh, the fact that the UNMEE’s abilities have been reduced 40% due to Eritrea’s placed restrictions and limitations alone,
Viewing with Appreciation the Japanese representative to the UN’s statement that, "Ethiopia would not be the first to fire in the event of a border conflict with Eritrea,"
Expressing Its Appreciation towards the UNMEE peacekeeping personnel in Eritrea and Ethiopia, as their jobs is not simple and they have to deal with strife and continuous prospects of hostility,
Viewing the entire border dispute as a waste of the countries’ time, effort and financial assets as they have more important internal issues to deal with,
Welcoming that, according to the UNMEE Force Commander Rajender Singh, he is "optimistic that there will be a withdrawal of Ethiopian troops,"
1. Declares the creation of DMZ 20 miles away from each border as well as place UN peace keepers at the borders.
2. Demands each nation depend on trade of profits instead of aid.
3. Demands the placement of weapons embargoes on both Ethiopia and Eritrea which will be under the super vied by an organization that will: A. Report to the SC about the situation, B. The budget used in the nations, C. Any trade done of weapons in the region will be reported to the SC
I have nothing to say.
In this event I felt as if the debate didn’t involved Romania, the debate was only between BBS students. I got bored of the debate and the event crises were lame and UN real, the UK would never have a war with Brazil over a soccer match. It was even lamer the fact that the SG might have been biased towards his school, as well as a form might a clause that super hero committee to stop the terrorist.